Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Division No. 6, Census division (CDR)More information:
Newfoundland and Labrador
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 37,339 ... ...
Population, 20161 38,345 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 2.6 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 19,498 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 16,489 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 16,043.38 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 37,340 18,075 19,265
0 to 14 years 5,005 2,525 2,480
0 to 4 years 1,395 700 695
5 to 9 years 1,645 815 825
10 to 14 years 1,965 1,010 955
15 to 64 years 22,795 11,140 11,660
15 to 19 years 1,995 1,070 930
20 to 24 years 1,735 880 860
25 to 29 years 1,630 805 825
30 to 34 years 1,805 890 920
35 to 39 years 1,980 935 1,040
40 to 44 years 2,140 995 1,145
45 to 49 years 2,475 1,155 1,315
50 to 54 years 2,860 1,385 1,480
55 to 59 years 2,970 1,460 1,515
60 to 64 years 3,210 1,570 1,640
65 years and over 9,540 4,410 5,125
65 to 69 years 3,000 1,460 1,540
70 to 74 years 2,600 1,240 1,365
75 to 79 years 1,700 775 930
80 to 84 years 1,250 555 700
85 years and over 985 385 600
85 to 89 years 675 290 385
90 to 94 years 255 80 175
95 to 99 years 50 15 35
100 years and over 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.4 14.0 12.9
15 to 64 years 61.0 61.6 60.5
65 years and over 25.5 24.4 26.6
85 years and over 2.6 2.1 3.1
Average age of the population 46.5 45.6 47.3
Median age of the population 50.0 49.2 50.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 16,490 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,785 ... ...
Semi-detached house 945 ... ...
Row house 1,120 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,320 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,170 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 20 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 110 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 16,490 ... ...
1 person 4,560 ... ...
2 persons 7,000 ... ...
3 persons 2,520 ... ...
4 persons 1,785 ... ...
5 or more persons 625 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 36,585 17,785 18,795
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 32,335 15,545 16,790
Married or living common-law 20,035 10,005 10,030
Married 16,560 8,260 8,295
Living common-law 3,475 1,740 1,735
Living common law - Never married 2,490 1,250 1,235
Living common law - Separated 115 55 55
Living common law - Divorced 755 370 380
Living common law - Widowed 125 65 60
Not married and not living common-law 12,300 5,545 6,760
Not married and not living common law - Never married 7,240 3,865 3,375
Not married and not living common law - Separated 730 310 415
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,840 825 1,015
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,490 545 1,950
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 11,650 ... ...
2 persons 7,155 ... ...
3 persons 2,365 ... ...
4 persons 1,680 ... ...
5 or more persons 445 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 11,650 ... ...
Total couple families 9,855 ... ...
Married couples 8,115 ... ...
With children6 3,050 ... ...
Without children 5,060 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,740 ... ...
With children6 760 ... ...
Without children 975 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,800 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,400 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 395 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 36,585 17,785 18,795
Total - Persons in census families 30,470 15,095 15,380
Married spouses or common-law partners 19,700 9,860 9,845
Parents in one-parent families 1,795 400 1,400
Children6 8,970 4,840 4,130
In a two-parent family 6,290 3,360 2,935
In a one-parent family 2,680 1,485 1,200
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,110 2,695 3,420
Living alone 4,560 1,950 2,610
Living with other relatives7 665 265 400
Living with non-relatives only 885 480 410
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 16,490 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 10,810 ... ...
Couple-family households 9,310 ... ...
With children6 3,610 ... ...
Without children 5,700 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,500 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 275 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 45 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 340 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 455 ... ...
One-person households 4,560 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 31,580 15,265 16,320
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,530 14,755 15,775
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 41,200 31,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,555 14,765 15,790
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,000 36,800 28,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 24,635 12,365 12,265
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,000 34,400 24,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 19,440 9,875 9,560
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,000 36,000 26,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,595 11,735 13,860
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,100 15,400 13,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,530 3,545 2,985
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,550 9,600 6,280
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 7,725 3,720 4,010
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 31,590 15,270 16,320
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,585 14,800 15,785
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,760 52,900 39,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,615 14,810 15,805
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,280 43,200 33,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 24,595 12,160 12,435
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,320 50,200 34,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 19,450 9,745 9,700
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,320 50,800 35,760
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,820 11,850 13,965
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,920 14,540 13,380
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 6,600 3,545 3,055
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,780 10,830 8,550
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 7,635 3,630 4,005
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,490 8,430 8,550
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 31,590 15,270 16,320
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 8,170 4,065 4,110
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,000 66,000 50,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,800 80,800 58,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,485 4,265 4,225
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,800 20,400 14,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,560 33,920 21,180
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 74.4 78.0 69.6
Employment income (%)19 60.2 63.3 56.3
Government transfers (%)20 25.7 22.0 30.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 4.6 4.9 4.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.5 4.5 6.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.6 3.9 5.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 31,585 15,260 16,320
Without total income 1,050 510 545
With total income 30,530 14,755 15,775
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,605 1,020 1,585
$10,000 to $19,999 4,510 1,705 2,805
$20,000 to $29,999 5,610 2,385 3,225
$30,000 to $39,999 4,515 2,025 2,485
$40,000 to $49,999 3,740 1,865 1,875
$50,000 to $59,999 2,550 1,365 1,180
$60,000 to $69,999 1,770 1,080 690
$70,000 to $79,999 1,275 780 495
$80,000 to $89,999 880 540 335
$90,000 to $99,999 920 485 435
$100,000 and over 2,155 1,495 655
$100,000 to $149,999 1,480 980 505
$150,000 and over 670 515 155
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 31,585 15,260 16,320
Without after-tax income 1,030 495 530
With after-tax income 30,555 14,765 15,790
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,770 1,055 1,715
$10,000 to $19,999 4,665 1,775 2,890
$20,000 to $29,999 6,720 2,885 3,840
$30,000 to $39,999 5,205 2,495 2,705
$40,000 to $49,999 3,955 2,100 1,850
$50,000 to $59,999 2,485 1,480 1,010
$60,000 to $69,999 1,500 910 585
$70,000 to $79,999 1,240 670 565
$80,000 to $89,999 720 440 280
$90,000 to $99,999 405 280 125
$100,000 and over 900 675 225
$100,000 to $124,999 430 320 110
$125,000 and over 470 360 110
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 31,585 15,260 16,320
Without employment income 12,145 5,385 6,760
With employment income 19,435 9,875 9,560
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,220 1,505 1,710
$5,000 to $9,999 1,695 710 990
$10,000 to $19,999 2,505 1,175 1,335
$20,000 to $29,999 2,280 1,035 1,245
$30,000 to $39,999 1,800 840 955
$40,000 to $49,999 1,665 805 855
$50,000 to $59,999 1,265 705 555
$60,000 to $69,999 1,060 630 425
$70,000 to $79,999 880 560 320
$80,000 to $89,999 655 370 285
$90,000 to $99,999 720 330 390
$100,000 and over 1,690 1,200 495
$100,000 to $124,999 870 545 325
$125,000 and over 825 655 175
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 31,580 15,265 16,320
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,040 14,475 15,565
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 41,200 27,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,080 14,475 15,605
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,400 36,400 25,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 24,565 12,310 12,255
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,200 36,800 25,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 19,835 10,050 9,785
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,400 38,800 26,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 23,385 10,500 12,885
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,700 13,500 10,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 6,185 3,375 2,810
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,700 10,900 7,150
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 31,590 15,270 16,320
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,970 14,465 15,510
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,200 53,550 37,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,995 14,465 15,525
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,240 42,920 31,960
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 24,435 12,160 12,275
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400 53,000 35,880
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 19,760 9,910 9,845
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,360 54,200 36,440
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 23,315 10,465 12,850
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,580 12,470 10,850
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 6,100 3,220 2,885
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,740 11,010 8,320
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 31,590 15,270 16,320
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 8,095 4,050 4,045
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 56,000 64,000 47,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 68,500 79,200 57,850
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 7,885 3,975 3,910
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,400 26,200 17,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,240 43,520 24,840
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 80.0 83.2 76.0
Employment income (%) 66.2 69.4 61.9
Government transfers (%) 19.9 16.8 24.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 4.4 4.6 4.1
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 16,490 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 59,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 4,560 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 31,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 29,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 11,925 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 16,490 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 84,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 71,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,540 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,640 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,480 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 11,945 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 16,490 ... ...
Under $5,000 65 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 160 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 350 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 340 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 990 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 715 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 820 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 995 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 815 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 720 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,365 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,270 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,175 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 960 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 910 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,840 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,665 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,120 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,180 ... ...
$200,000 and over 875 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 16,490 ... ...
Under $5,000 75 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 165 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 350 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 355 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,065 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 860 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,100 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 925 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 820 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,690 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,485 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,310 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,075 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 850 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,455 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,540 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 900 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,015 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 11,605 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 5,735 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 64,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 3,875 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,690 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 52,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 50,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 5,445 2,430 3,020
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 31,400 34,000 30,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,200 30,800 28,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 11,585 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,675 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 84,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 71,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,925 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 138,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 112,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,655 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 5,465 2,445 3,025
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 42,880 45,880 40,440
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,240 37,880 34,920
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 36,580 17,790 18,795
0 to 17 years 6,190 3,180 3,010
0 to 5 years 1,715 860 855
18 to 64 years 21,530 10,415 11,110
65 years and over 8,865 4,190 4,675
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,005 2,670 3,335
0 to 17 years 1,125 570 560
0 to 5 years 390 195 195
18 to 64 years 2,860 1,265 1,595
65 years and over 2,015 835 1,180
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.4 15.0 17.7
0 to 17 years (%) 18.2 17.9 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 22.6 22.2 23.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.2 14.4
65 years and over (%) 22.7 19.9 25.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 36,585 17,785 18,795
0 to 17 years 6,185 3,180 3,005
0 to 5 years 1,720 865 855
18 to 64 years 21,530 10,420 11,115
65 years and over 8,870 4,190 4,675
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,345 650 690
0 to 17 years 220 115 100
0 to 5 years 60 30 30
18 to 64 years 1,035 510 525
65 years and over 95 30 60
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.7 3.7 3.7
0 to 17 years (%) 3.5 3.5 3.5
0 to 5 years (%) 3.5 3.4 3.6
18 to 64 years (%) 4.8 4.9 4.7
65 years and over (%) 1.0 0.7 1.3
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 36,580 17,790 18,795
In bottom half of the distribution 22,390 10,585 11,805
In bottom decile 4,700 2,120 2,585
In second decile 5,470 2,505 2,960
In third decile 4,430 2,100 2,330
In fourth decile 4,090 2,005 2,080
In fifth decile 3,700 1,850 1,845
In top half of the distribution 14,195 7,205 6,990
In sixth decile 3,490 1,785 1,705
In seventh decile 3,215 1,620 1,595
In eighth decile 3,075 1,535 1,540
In ninth decile 2,510 1,275 1,235
In top decile 1,910 995 915
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 36,585 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.330 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.496 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.283 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.5 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 36,915 17,905 19,010
English only 35,235 17,165 18,065
French only 5 0 5
English and French 1,640 715 930
Neither English nor French 35 20 10
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 36,915 17,905 19,010
English 36,760 17,820 18,940
French 115 65 50
English and French 15 15 5
Neither English nor French 25 10 10
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 36,915 17,905 19,010
Single responses 36,755 17,825 18,925
Official languages 36,290 17,600 18,690
English 36,180 17,540 18,640
French 110 60 50
Non-official languages 465 230 235
Indigenous languages39 5 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 460 225 235
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 45 35
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 80 45 35
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 80 45 35
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 75 30 45
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 5 0 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 20 40
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 20 15 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 20 5 10
Tamil 5 5 0
Telugu 5 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 195 100 100
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 15 5 10
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 15 5 10
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 5 5 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 45 25 20
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 15 10 5
German 10 10 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 25 15 15
Afrikaans 20 15 10
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 5 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 100 45 55
Indo-Aryan languages 85 40 45
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 10 5 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 5 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 0 5
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 35 20 20
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 5 0 5
Spanish 20 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 45 25 25
Chinese languages 45 25 25
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 5 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 30 10 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 160 75 80
English and French 60 25 35
English and non-official language(s) 85 40 40
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 0
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 36,915 17,905 19,010
English 36,215 17,550 18,670
French 35 15 15
Non-official language 115 70 45
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 115 70 45
English and French 145 80 70
English and non-official language(s) 365 175 190
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 5
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 36,915 17,905 19,010
Single responses 36,805 17,850 18,950
Official languages 36,570 17,720 18,845
English 36,525 17,695 18,830
French 50 25 20
Non-official languages 235 125 110
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 235 125 110
Afro-Asiatic languages 45 25 20
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 45 25 20
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 45 25 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25 10 15
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 10 15
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 10 5 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 10 5 5
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 95 50 45
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 0 0 0
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 10 5 5
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5 5 5
Afrikaans 5 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 70 40 35
Indo-Aryan languages 65 35 35
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 5 5 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 45 20 25
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 10 5 5
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 15 5
American Sign Language 15 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 35 20 15
Chinese languages 35 20 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 110 55 55
English and French 20 10 10
English and non-official language(s) 85 45 40
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 36,915 17,910 19,010
None 36,470 17,685 18,785
English 100 50 50
French 115 60 55
Non-official language 170 80 90
Indigenous39 5 5 0
Non-Indigenous 165 75 90
English and French 0 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
French and non-official language(s) 10 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 25 15 15
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 36,580 17,785 18,795
Official languages 36,570 17,775 18,795
English 36,555 17,770 18,780
French 1,625 685 940
Non-official languages 775 380 395
Indigenous languages39 10 0 0
Algonquian languages 10 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 765 375 385
Afro-Asiatic languages 100 45 60
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 100 45 60
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 100 45 60
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 65 25 40
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 0 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 20 40
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 55 35 20
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 50 30 20
Tamil 25 10 10
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 425 205 215
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 10 0
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 10 10 0
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 85 45 35
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 30 25 0
German 30 25 0
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 40 15 25
Afrikaans 25 15 15
Dutch 15 0 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 0 10
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 15 0
Indo-Iranian languages 220 120 95
Indo-Aryan languages 185 110 80
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 70 60 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 130 75 55
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 35 10 20
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 20
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 20 10 10
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 0 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 105 20 85
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 15 0 10
Portuguese 15 0 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 70 15 60
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 15 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 15 20
American Sign Language 20 0 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 65 35 30
Chinese languages 65 35 30
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 25 20 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 50 20 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 25 15 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 36,580 17,785 18,795
Indigenous identity45 2,595 1,230 1,365
Single Indigenous responses46 2,410 1,160 1,250
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,845 885 965
Métis 370 190 180
Inuk (Inuit) 195 85 110
Multiple Indigenous responses47 10 0 10
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 180 70 105
Non-Indigenous identity 33,990 16,555 17,430
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 36,580 17,785 18,795
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,620 750 875
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 34,960 17,040 17,925
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 16,490 ... ...
Owner 11,585 ... ...
Renter 4,905 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 16,490 ... ...
Condominium 275 ... ...
Not condominium 16,215 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 16,490 ... ...
No bedrooms 15 ... ...
1 bedroom 865 ... ...
2 bedrooms 4,230 ... ...
3 bedrooms 7,230 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 4,140 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 16,490 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,920 ... ...
5 rooms 2,705 ... ...
6 rooms 2,775 ... ...
7 rooms 2,280 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,810 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 16,490 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 16,415 ... ...
More than one person per room 80 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 16,490 ... ...
Suitable 16,255 ... ...
Not suitable 240 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 16,490 ... ...
1960 or before 3,820 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,595 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,910 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,495 ... ...
2001 to 2005 835 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,005 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,210 ... ...
2016 to 202157 625 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 16,490 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 15,575 ... ...
Major repairs needed 915 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 16,490 ... ...
One-maintainer household 8,745 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 7,470 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 275 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 16,490 ... ...
15 to 24 years 395 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,735 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,270 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,005 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,535 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,375 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,710 ... ...
85 years and over 460 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 16,460 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 13,705 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 2,760 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 2,625 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 16,490 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 3,635 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 2,505 ... ...
Not suitable only 185 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 670 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 30 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 225 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 20 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 12,855 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 16,325 ... ...
In core need 1,225 ... ...
Not in core need 15,105 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 11,580 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 54.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 860 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,045 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 200,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 225,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,905 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 20.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 34.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 850 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 876 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 36,585 17,790 18,795
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,800 865 935
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,775 850 925
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,505 710 795
Métis single ancestry 175 100 75
Inuit single ancestry 100 50 55
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 25 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 20 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,665 825 845
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,645 800 840
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,245 635 615
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 220 90 130
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 175 80 95
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 25 20 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 33,115 16,100 17,015
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 36,585 17,790 18,795
Canadian citizens77 36,150 17,535 18,615
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,215 3,175 3,035
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 29,940 14,355 15,585
Not Canadian citizens78 435 255 180
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 36,585 17,790 18,795
Non-immigrants80 35,760 17,340 18,420
Immigrants81 645 340 300
Before 1980 185 80 105
1980 to 1990 40 25 15
1991 to 2000 30 15 15
2001 to 2010 105 60 40
2011 to 202182 280 160 120
2011 to 2015 110 70 45
2016 to 2021 170 90 80
Non-permanent residents83 180 105 70
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 645 340 305
Under 5 years 100 35 65
5 to 14 years 90 45 40
15 to 24 years 140 80 65
25 to 44 years 245 145 105
45 years and over 70 45 25
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 645 340 305
Americas 100 50 50
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 60 25 35
Other places of birth in Americas 20 0 15
Europe 195 120 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 10 10 0
Greece 10 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 115 75 45
Other places of birth in Europe 30 25 0
Africa 65 45 20
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 30 25 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 25 20 0
Asia 265 115 150
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 30 15 20
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 30 10 15
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 60 15 45
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 35 20 15
Pakistan 25 15 10
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 50 20 30
Oceania and other places of birth93 20 10 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 170 90 80
Americas 15 15 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 0 0 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 30 25 10
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 10 0 0
Africa 30 20 10
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 85 35 55
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 20 0 10
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 10 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 40 15 25
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 10 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 36,580 17,785 18,795
First generation100 915 500 410
Second generation101 1,085 570 520
Third generation or more102 34,580 16,720 17,860
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 460 265 195
Economic immigrants104 250 150 100
Principal applicants105 120 90 25
Secondary applicants106 135 60 75
Immigrants sponsored by family107 165 90 75
Refugees108 45 25 20
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 460 265 195
Asylum claim before admission111 0 0 0
Work permits only before admission112 125 70 55
Study permits only before admission113 15 15 0
Work and study permits before admission114 30 25 0
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 280 145 130
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 36,580 17,785 18,795
Total visible minority population118 745 380 360
South Asian 255 140 110
Chinese 75 30 50
Black 135 90 40
Filipino 105 30 70
Arab 40 20 20
Latin American 10 0 0
Southeast Asian 35 25 15
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 20 10 15
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 35 20 15
Multiple visible minorities 25 15 0
Not a visible minority120 35,845 17,405 18,435
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 36,585 17,790 18,795
Canadian 10,035 4,740 5,295
English 13,170 6,345 6,825
Irish 7,020 3,410 3,605
Scottish 2,515 1,200 1,320
French, n.o.s.122 1,180 495 685
German 585 350 235
Chinese 150 70 80
Italian 155 60 90
Indian (India) 170 95 75
Ukrainian 80 45 35
Dutch 105 50 55
Polish 45 20 30
Québécois 30 15 20
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,465 800 665
Filipino 90 35 60
French Canadian 15 0 10
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,215 1,045 1,170
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 790 395 395
Métis 440 215 225
European, n.o.s.126 735 350 380
Russian 10 10 0
Norwegian 140 75 65
Welsh 340 170 180
Portuguese 45 10 35
American 155 75 75
Spanish 50 30 20
Swedish 105 40 65
Hungarian 30 20 15
Acadian 40 25 20
Pakistani 25 10 15
African, n.o.s.127 45 35 10
Jewish 20 0 15
Punjabi 85 45 45
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s.128 40 20 20
Greek 50 20 35
Jamaican 10 10 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 40 20 25
Cree, n.o.s.130 25 20 0
Korean 20 10 10
Romanian 20 10 10
Lebanese 30 25 10
Iranian 0 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 140 65 70
Danish 20 10 0
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 205 95 110
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 35 20 20
Belgian 10 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 25 20 0
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 15 10 10
Finnish 25 15 10
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,105 555 550
Northern European, n.o.s.135 95 55 40
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 10 0 0
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 20 15 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 10 10 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 2,625 1,290 1,335
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 35 10 25
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 265 115 150
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Australian 25 10 10
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 60 50 15
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 30 10
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 55 25 25
New Brunswicker 15 0 10
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean