Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Division No. 1, Census division (CDR)More information:
Newfoundland and Labrador
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 271,878 ... ...
Population, 20161 270,348 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 0.6 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 135,137 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 117,178 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 29.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 9,104.58 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 271,880 132,695 139,180
0 to 14 years 38,295 19,610 18,685
0 to 4 years 10,895 5,615 5,275
5 to 9 years 13,010 6,600 6,410
10 to 14 years 14,395 7,390 7,000
15 to 64 years 177,315 87,250 90,070
15 to 19 years 13,995 7,195 6,800
20 to 24 years 15,870 8,270 7,605
25 to 29 years 15,595 7,820 7,775
30 to 34 years 16,900 8,345 8,550
35 to 39 years 17,720 8,675 9,055
40 to 44 years 17,765 8,560 9,205
45 to 49 years 18,210 8,915 9,295
50 to 54 years 19,425 9,350 10,075
55 to 59 years 21,085 10,125 10,960
60 to 64 years 20,745 10,000 10,750
65 years and over 56,265 25,835 30,430
65 to 69 years 18,945 9,115 9,830
70 to 74 years 15,985 7,520 8,470
75 to 79 years 10,510 4,870 5,635
80 to 84 years 6,070 2,685 3,380
85 years and over 4,755 1,645 3,110
85 to 89 years 3,080 1,215 1,870
90 to 94 years 1,275 350 925
95 to 99 years 350 75 275
100 years and over 45 5 35
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.1 14.8 13.4
15 to 64 years 65.2 65.8 64.7
65 years and over 20.7 19.5 21.9
85 years and over 1.7 1.2 2.2
Average age of the population 43.7 42.7 44.6
Median age of the population 44.8 43.6 46.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 117,180 ... ...
Single-detached house 74,485 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,575 ... ...
Row house 6,740 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 22,585 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,725 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 555 ... ...
Other single-attached house 190 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 330 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 117,180 ... ...
1 person 33,470 ... ...
2 persons 44,465 ... ...
3 persons 18,955 ... ...
4 persons 15,020 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,270 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 267,550 130,585 136,965
Average household size 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 233,580 113,085 120,495
Married or living common-law 134,860 67,315 67,545
Married 109,190 54,515 54,680
Living common-law 25,670 12,800 12,870
Living common law - Never married 19,630 9,725 9,905
Living common law - Separated 745 400 345
Living common law - Divorced 4,700 2,415 2,285
Living common law - Widowed 600 265 335
Not married and not living common-law 98,715 45,770 52,950
Not married and not living common law - Never married 65,525 34,890 30,635
Not married and not living common law - Separated 5,220 2,225 2,995
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 13,570 5,445 8,125
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 14,400 3,205 11,190
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 79,855 ... ...
2 persons 44,630 ... ...
3 persons 17,800 ... ...
4 persons 13,835 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,585 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 79,850 ... ...
Total couple families 66,485 ... ...
Married couples 53,650 ... ...
With children6 25,715 ... ...
Without children 27,935 ... ...
Common-law couples 12,835 ... ...
With children6 4,750 ... ...
Without children 8,090 ... ...
Total one-parent families 13,365 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 10,520 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 2,845 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 267,550 130,585 136,965
Total - Persons in census families 216,825 107,015 109,810
Married spouses or common-law partners 132,970 66,390 66,585
Parents in one-parent families 13,365 2,850 10,515
Children6 70,490 37,780 32,710
In a two-parent family 51,085 27,315 23,770
In a one-parent family 19,405 10,470 8,940
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 50,720 23,565 27,155
Living alone 33,465 14,610 18,855
Living with other relatives7 5,860 2,445 3,415
Living with non-relatives only 11,395 6,510 4,885
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 117,180 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 72,885 ... ...
Couple-family households 61,935 ... ...
With children6 28,465 ... ...
Without children 33,465 ... ...
One-parent-family households 10,955 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 2,375 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 380 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 2,725 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 5,340 ... ...
One-person households 33,465 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 229,275 110,990 118,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 221,700 107,245 114,455
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000 44,800 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 221,760 107,275 114,480
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 39,200 32,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 189,175 93,660 95,510
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,800 40,400 30,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 155,955 78,840 77,115
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 42,000 32,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 177,895 80,460 97,440
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,900 13,800 12,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 38,635 21,525 17,110
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,900 7,950 6,320
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 59,265 29,650 29,615
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 229,275 110,980 118,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 221,555 107,190 114,360
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,950 60,600 45,760
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 221,635 107,235 114,400
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,080 48,120 38,360
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 188,985 93,435 95,550
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,800 57,950 41,880
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 155,955 78,665 77,290
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,920 57,650 42,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 177,620 80,335 97,280
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,020 13,460 12,680
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 38,570 21,260 17,305
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,450 9,970 8,820
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 58,485 29,220 29,260
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,780 8,730 8,840
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 229,275 110,980 118,295
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 72,345 36,520 35,825
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 64,500 72,000 57,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,800 88,300 67,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 62,945 31,850 31,090
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,200 20,600 15,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,360 35,480 23,120
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 80.2 83.4 76.4
Employment income (%)19 66.4 69.8 62.1
Government transfers (%)20 19.7 16.6 23.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.1 3.3 2.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.0 4.4 5.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.4 3.9 4.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 229,275 110,990 118,285
Without total income 7,575 3,740 3,835
With total income 221,700 107,250 114,450
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,665 7,235 9,430
$10,000 to $19,999 27,295 11,090 16,210
$20,000 to $29,999 36,935 16,205 20,730
$30,000 to $39,999 29,840 13,280 16,555
$40,000 to $49,999 25,920 11,730 14,190
$50,000 to $59,999 19,715 9,380 10,335
$60,000 to $69,999 14,765 7,690 7,080
$70,000 to $79,999 11,335 6,275 5,065
$80,000 to $89,999 8,935 4,910 4,025
$90,000 to $99,999 7,510 3,825 3,685
$100,000 and over 22,780 15,630 7,145
$100,000 to $149,999 14,940 9,715 5,230
$150,000 and over 7,840 5,915 1,920
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 229,275 110,990 118,285
Without after-tax income 7,515 3,715 3,805
With after-tax income 221,755 107,275 114,485
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,625 7,470 10,155
$10,000 to $19,999 28,505 11,720 16,790
$20,000 to $29,999 44,225 19,615 24,615
$30,000 to $39,999 35,700 16,210 19,490
$40,000 to $49,999 29,180 13,770 15,415
$50,000 to $59,999 20,445 10,720 9,720
$60,000 to $69,999 14,125 7,660 6,465
$70,000 to $79,999 10,750 5,605 5,145
$80,000 to $89,999 6,445 3,860 2,585
$90,000 to $99,999 4,080 2,740 1,340
$100,000 and over 10,670 7,905 2,770
$100,000 to $124,999 5,265 3,855 1,410
$125,000 and over 5,405 4,045 1,360
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 229,275 110,990 118,285
Without employment income 73,320 32,150 41,175
With employment income 155,955 78,840 77,110
Under $5,000 (including loss) 23,320 10,925 12,400
$5,000 to $9,999 12,395 5,595 6,800
$10,000 to $19,999 18,855 8,765 10,085
$20,000 to $29,999 14,590 6,830 7,765
$30,000 to $39,999 13,185 6,015 7,165
$40,000 to $49,999 13,285 6,085 7,200
$50,000 to $59,999 11,340 5,425 5,915
$60,000 to $69,999 9,465 5,080 4,385
$70,000 to $79,999 7,960 4,355 3,600
$80,000 to $89,999 7,000 3,785 3,215
$90,000 to $99,999 6,260 3,080 3,180
$100,000 and over 18,300 12,900 5,395
$100,000 to $124,999 8,050 5,105 2,945
$125,000 and over 10,255 7,795 2,455
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 229,275 110,990 118,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 217,585 105,115 112,470
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800 45,200 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 217,780 105,145 112,640
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,400 39,200 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 187,755 92,935 94,820
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 44,000 31,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 157,475 79,540 77,935
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 45,600 32,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 158,815 70,015 88,795
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,300 10,200 8,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 34,885 19,335 15,550
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,400 8,900 7,750
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 229,275 110,980 118,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 217,615 105,060 112,555
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,350 61,700 43,680
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 217,755 105,070 112,690
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,040 48,120 36,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 187,805 92,735 95,065
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,900 61,750 42,320
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 157,990 79,530 78,460
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,900 61,150 42,520
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 158,900 70,025 88,865
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,350 10,740 10,040
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 35,165 19,310 15,850
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,850 10,210 9,410
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 229,275 110,980 118,295
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 71,950 36,295 35,650
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,000 71,000 54,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 75,500 86,600 64,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 59,150 30,020 29,130
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,600 28,000 19,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 37,440 46,320 28,280
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 85.6 88.4 81.8
Employment income (%) 72.0 75.0 67.8
Government transfers (%) 14.4 11.6 18.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.0 3.0 3.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 117,180 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 78,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 68,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 33,465 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 83,710 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 117,180 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 100,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 81,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 33,455 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 83,720 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 120,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 117,180 ... ...
Under $5,000 735 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,040 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,925 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,120 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,955 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,480 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,280 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,800 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,530 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,510 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,975 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,510 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,965 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,210 ... ...
$100,000 and over 44,325 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,710 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,380 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,665 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,570 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 117,180 ... ...
Under $5,000 810 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,065 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,945 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,235 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,480 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,290 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,560 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,130 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,755 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,275 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,185 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,630 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,835 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,840 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 33,420 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,720 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,445 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,250 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 79,695 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 33,835 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 30,920 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 143,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 12,530 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,400 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 44,860 21,125 23,740
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 34,400 34,800 33,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 31,200 31,600 31,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 79,760 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 122,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 98,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 33,790 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 84,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 30,980 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 162,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 128,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,495 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 44,840 20,970 23,870
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 44,560 46,560 42,800
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,520 38,520 36,640
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 267,545 130,580 136,965
0 to 17 years 46,550 23,875 22,675
0 to 5 years 13,455 6,910 6,545
18 to 64 years 167,540 81,840 85,700
65 years and over 53,455 24,870 28,585
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 34,300 15,590 18,710
0 to 17 years 6,450 3,375 3,075
0 to 5 years 2,090 1,125 970
18 to 64 years 17,625 8,110 9,515
65 years and over 10,225 4,105 6,125
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 11.9 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 13.9 14.1 13.6
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 16.2 14.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 9.9 11.1
65 years and over (%) 19.1 16.5 21.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 267,550 130,585 136,965
0 to 17 years 46,550 23,870 22,680
0 to 5 years 13,455 6,910 6,545
18 to 64 years 167,540 81,835 85,700
65 years and over 53,460 24,875 28,585
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,525 5,855 5,665
0 to 17 years 1,835 955 880
0 to 5 years 610 320 285
18 to 64 years 9,030 4,640 4,395
65 years and over 655 260 395
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.3 4.5 4.1
0 to 17 years (%) 4.0 4.0 3.9
0 to 5 years (%) 4.5 4.6 4.4
18 to 64 years (%) 5.4 5.7 5.1
65 years and over (%) 1.2 1.0 1.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 267,545 130,580 136,965
In bottom half of the distribution 137,575 65,180 72,390
In bottom decile 29,905 14,060 15,845
In second decile 29,400 13,545 15,850
In third decile 26,875 12,625 14,250
In fourth decile 25,905 12,460 13,450
In fifth decile 25,490 12,495 12,995
In top half of the distribution 129,975 65,400 64,570
In sixth decile 25,905 12,790 13,115
In seventh decile 26,525 13,355 13,170
In eighth decile 27,035 13,535 13,500
In ninth decile 26,935 13,635 13,300
In top decile 23,565 12,080 11,485
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 267,550 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.341 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.469 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.293 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 268,875 131,165 137,705
English only 249,975 123,525 126,455
French only 60 25 35
English and French 18,195 7,285 10,905
Neither English nor French 645 335 310
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 268,875 131,165 137,705
English 266,955 130,225 136,730
French 1,120 550 565
English and French 235 105 130
Neither English nor French 565 280 280
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 268,875 131,165 137,705
Single responses 266,650 130,035 136,610
Official languages 258,195 125,500 132,695
English 257,090 124,960 132,125
French 1,105 540 565
Non-official languages 8,455 4,540 3,915
Indigenous languages39 40 15 20
Algonquian languages 15 5 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 25 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 10 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 8,420 4,525 3,895
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,630 890 735
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0 5
Hausa 5 5 5
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 60 30 30
Bilen 10 5 5
Oromo 30 15 15
Somali 10 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Semitic languages 1,555 860 705
Amharic 25 15 10
Arabic 1,345 755 590
Aramaic languages 5 0 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 10
Maltese 0 0 5
Tigrigna 160 80 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 45 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 90 45 40
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 675 275 395
Bikol 5 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Cebuano 25 10 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 10
Ilocano 15 5 10
Indonesian 20 10 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 565 230 335
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Creole languages 55 40 20
Haitian Creole 5 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 5 5
Morisyen 35 25 10
Sango 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 285 160 120
Kannada 10 10 5
Malayalam 105 65 40
Tamil 115 60 55
Telugu 50 30 25
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,805 2,180 1,625
Albanian 45 20 25
Armenian 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 410 215 200
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 10 0 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 405 210 195
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 35 15 15
Czech 30 15 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 65 35 25
Russian 185 90 95
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 25
Bosnian 10 5 5
Croatian 20 10 10
Serbian 25 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10
Ukrainian 20 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 405 235 170
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 190 100 95
German 185 100 95
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 100 60 45
Afrikaans 30 20 15
Dutch 65 35 25
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 105 75 30
Danish 40 20 15
Icelandic 15 10 5
Norwegian 45 30 10
Swedish 10 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0
Greek 40 25 10
Indo-Iranian languages 2,070 1,265 810
Indo-Aryan languages 1,635 1,030 605
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 545 355 190
Gujarati 130 95 40
Hindi 190 130 70
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 20 5
Nepali 45 25 20
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 380 225 155
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 55 35
Urdu 210 125 85
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Iranian languages 435 230 205
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 50 30 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 10 5
Persian languages 365 195 175
Dari 10 5 10
Iranian Persian 325 170 155
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30 15 10
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 810 410 395
Catalan 5 5 0
Italian 75 50 30
Portuguese 180 100 90
Romanian 35 15 15
Spanish 515 250 260
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 10 20
Korean 100 35 70
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 380 205 175
Akan (Twi) 55 35 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 0
Éwé 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 20 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 5 5 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 5 0
Ndebele 0 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 35 15 20
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 65 35 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 0 5
Yoruba 90 55 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20
Dinka 15 5 10
Nuer 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 70 45 30
American Sign Language 55 35 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,115 555 560
Chinese languages 1,090 545 550
Hakka 5 0 5
Mandarin 785 390 400
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5
Yue (Cantonese) 240 125 110
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10
Burmese 10 5 0
Kuki-Chin languages 10 5 5
Karenic languages 10 5 5
S'gaw Karen 5 5 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 20
Lao 5 0 5
Thai 20 5 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 85 50 35
Azerbaijani 10 5 5
Kazakh 5 5 5
Turkish 55 30 25
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Uralic languages 45 15 30
Estonian 10 5 5
Finnish 10 5 10
Hungarian 30 10 20
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,225 1,130 1,095
English and French 630 280 350
English and non-official language(s) 1,375 740 635
French and non-official language(s) 50 25 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 55 25 30
Multiple non-official languages 110 55 55
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 268,875 131,165 137,705
English 257,575 125,390 132,185
French 275 125 155
Non-official language 2,225 1,195 1,030
Indigenous39 5 0 0
Non-Indigenous 2,220 1,190 1,025
English and French 1,685 705 980
English and non-official language(s) 6,595 3,485 3,105
French and non-official language(s) 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 340 170 170
Multiple non-official languages 150 75 75
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 268,875 131,165 137,705
Single responses 267,185 130,315 136,875
Official languages 262,590 127,870 134,720
English 262,120 127,655 134,465
French 465 220 255
Non-official languages 4,600 2,445 2,155
Indigenous languages39 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,590 2,445 2,150
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,070 550 520
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 20 25
Bilen 10 5 5
Oromo 20 10 10
Somali 10 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,030 530 500
Amharic 5 0 5
Arabic 900 475 430
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 110 50 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 50 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 340 150 190
Bikol 5 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Cebuano 15 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0
Ilocano 5 0 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 305 130 175
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 35 20 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 15 10 5
Sango 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Dravidian languages 140 80 60
Kannada 5 5 0
Malayalam 50 30 20
Tamil 55 30 25
Telugu 30 20 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,870 1,045 820
Albanian 25 5 15
Armenian 10 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 160 80 80
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 155 80 75
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 15 5 5
Czech 5 5 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 10 10
Russian 95 50 50
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 10 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 70 40 35
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 30 15 20
German 30 15 20
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 25 15 10
Afrikaans 20 15 10
Dutch 5 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 5
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,265 735 525
Indo-Aryan languages 925 565 365
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 300 190 115
Gujarati 65 50 10
Hindi 90 55 40
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 5
Nepali 40 20 20
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 145 100
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 25 20
Urdu 130 75 55
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 335 175 165
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 40 20 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 5
Persian languages 285 145 140
Dari 10 0 10
Iranian Persian 255 125 130
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20 15 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 335 170 165
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 0 5
Portuguese 80 40 40
Romanian 10 5 0
Spanish 240 120 115
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 0 5
Korean 55 25 25
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 135 75 55
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 40 30 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 15 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 130 75 55
American Sign Language 115 65 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 700 365 335
Chinese languages 685 350 330
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 530 275 255
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 115 55 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5
Burmese 5 5 0
Kuki-Chin languages 5 5 5
Karenic languages 5 5 0
S'gaw Karen 5 5 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 15
Azerbaijani 5 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 20 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Multiple responses 1,685 855 830
English and French 220 105 120
English and non-official language(s) 1,405 715 695
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 20 10 10
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 268,875 131,170 137,705
None 261,490 127,425 134,060
English 2,060 1,070 990
French 1,370 560 815
Non-official language 2,980 1,565 1,410
Indigenous39 55 25 30
Non-Indigenous 2,920 1,535 1,385
English and French 40 20 20
English and non-official language(s) 300 165 135
French and non-official language(s) 180 85 90
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 440 260 175
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 267,550 130,565 136,980
Official languages 266,900 130,200 136,700
English 266,820 130,165 136,655
French 18,295 7,415 10,875
Non-official languages 14,110 7,335 6,770
Indigenous languages39 130 55 80
Algonquian languages 35 20 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 25 15 10
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 85 25 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 80 25 55
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 13,980 7,285 6,700
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,225 1,295 935
Berber languages 25 10 10
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 35 20 15
Hausa 30 15 15
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 40 25 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 10 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Semitic languages 2,165 1,255 910
Amharic 40 20 20
Arabic 1,825 1,060 760
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 100 60 45
Maltese 15 0 10
Tigrigna 230 135 90
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 145 80 65
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 140 80 65
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,085 440 650
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Cebuano 55 30 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 0
Ilocano 45 20 25
Indonesian 60 25 35
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 70 20 50
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 885 345 540
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15
Creole languages 185 75 105
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 60 45 15
Sango 40 15 25
Creole, n.o.s. 25 0 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Dravidian languages 430 225 205
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 185 95 85
Tamil 240 110 125
Telugu 75 45 25
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,125 3,850 3,275
Albanian 65 25 30
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 760 435 330
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 10 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 750 430 320
Belarusian 10 0 10
Bulgarian 50 30 20
Czech 55 25 30
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 55 40 15
Russian 430 240 185
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 140 80 60
Bosnian 45 30 10
Croatian 45 20 30
Serbian 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Slovak 10 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 90 45 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 80 30 50
Irish 45 10 25
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Germanic languages 1,235 650 585
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 845 425 410
German 830 420 410
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 210 110 100
Afrikaans 45 25 25
Dutch 155 80 75
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 245 165 80
Danish 110 80 30
Icelandic 30 25 10
Norwegian 110 80 30
Swedish 45 30 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Greek 50 30 15
Indo-Iranian languages 2,955 1,760 1,200
Indo-Aryan languages 2,450 1,510 940
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 795 500 300
Gujarati 240 205 35
Hindi 1,140 790 355
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 10 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 15 10 0
Nepali 15 0 10
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 670 400 270
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 20 15 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 70 45
Urdu 390 215 175
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Iranian languages 520 255 270
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 70 45 30
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 470 225 250
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 420 210 215
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 35 15 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,330 1,110 1,220
Catalan 30 15 15
Italian 415 240 175
Portuguese 350 165 185
Romanian 95 50 45
Spanish 1,605 725 880
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 165 85 90
Korean 170 60 105
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,025 550 470
Akan (Twi) 125 75 50
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 20 0
Éwé 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 15 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 185 100 85
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10
Lingala 35 20 15
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 190 115 75
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 25 0 20
Swahili 135 55 75
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 250 130 120
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 50 55
Dinka 65 25 40
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
African, n.o.s. 35 30 0
Sign languages 610 245 365
American Sign Language 585 230 355
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,385 745 640
Chinese languages 1,340 720 620
Hakka 10 10 0
Mandarin 1,075 575 500
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 310 160 145
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 30 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 25 20
Burmese 30 10 20
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 15 15 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 50 10 35
Lao 15 10 10
Thai 45 10 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 200 100 100
Azerbaijani 45 20 25
Kazakh 25 10 20
Turkish 130 70 55
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Uralic languages 55 20 30
Estonian 15 10 0
Finnish 25 10 10
Hungarian 20 0 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 20 20
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 267,545 130,560 136,985
Indigenous identity45 8,300 3,945 4,360
Single Indigenous responses46 7,675 3,655 4,020
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,780 2,295 2,485
Métis 1,695 770 925
Inuk (Inuit) 1,195 585 610
Multiple Indigenous responses47 130 50 75
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 500 235 260
Non-Indigenous identity 259,250 126,625 132,625
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 267,545 130,560 136,985
Registered or Treaty Indian49 2,815 1,390 1,425
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 264,735 129,170 135,560
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 117,175 ... ...
Owner 85,880 ... ...
Renter 31,295 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 117,175 ... ...
Condominium 4,170 ... ...
Not condominium 113,010 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 117,175 ... ...
No bedrooms 285 ... ...
1 bedroom 8,070 ... ...
2 bedrooms 25,880 ... ...
3 bedrooms 52,150 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 30,785 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 117,175 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 20,680 ... ...
5 rooms 17,065 ... ...
6 rooms 19,560 ... ...
7 rooms 16,875 ... ...
8 or more rooms 43,000 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.9 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 117,175 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 116,690 ... ...
More than one person per room 485 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 117,175 ... ...
Suitable 115,060 ... ...
Not suitable 2,120 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 117,175 ... ...
1960 or before 19,265 ... ...
1961 to 1980 32,635 ... ...
1981 to 1990 17,230 ... ...
1991 to 2000 14,260 ... ...
2001 to 2005 7,855 ... ...
2006 to 2010 9,595 ... ...
2011 to 2015 10,500 ... ...
2016 to 202157 5,855 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 117,175 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 111,740 ... ...
Major repairs needed 5,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 117,175 ... ...
One-maintainer household 58,680 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 54,950 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 3,545 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 117,175 ... ...
15 to 24 years 3,520 ... ...
25 to 34 years 14,895 ... ...
35 to 44 years 19,040 ... ...
45 to 54 years 21,005 ... ...
55 to 64 years 24,350 ... ...
65 to 74 years 20,955 ... ...
75 to 84 years 10,610 ... ...
85 years and over 2,810 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 116,835 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 96,755 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 20,080 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 18,485 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 117,175 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 26,080 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 18,655 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,780 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 4,125 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 205 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 1,185 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 95 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 30 ... ...
Acceptable housing 91,100 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 115,240 ... ...
In core need 9,715 ... ...
Not in core need 105,530 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 85,825 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 55.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,070 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,240 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 300,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 305,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 31,295 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 18.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 21.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 930 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 970 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 267,545 130,565 136,985
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 4,315 2,005 2,315
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 4,150 1,925 2,230
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 2,880 1,360 1,520
Métis single ancestry 550 230 315
Inuit single ancestry 720 330 390
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 170 85 85
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 65 25 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 40 25 10
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 45 20 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 20 10 15
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 8,825 4,260 4,560
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 8,560 4,165 4,390
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 6,480 3,195 3,285
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 965 435 530
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,105 535 575
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 260 95 165
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 95 45 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 75 30 50
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 75 15 60
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 15
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 254,405 124,295 130,110
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 267,550 130,565 136,980
Canadian citizens77 258,800 125,805 133,000
Canadian citizens aged under 18 45,490 23,330 22,155
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 213,315 102,470 110,840
Not Canadian citizens78 8,745 4,760 3,985
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 267,550 130,565 136,980
Non-immigrants80 252,885 122,805 130,080
Immigrants81 10,225 5,240 4,985
Before 1980 2,190 1,075 1,120
1980 to 1990 605 395 210
1991 to 2000 775 405 375
2001 to 2010 1,875 990 880
2011 to 202182 4,775 2,375 2,405
2011 to 2015 1,645 835 810
2016 to 2021 3,135 1,540 1,595
Non-permanent residents83 4,435 2,520 1,915
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 10,230 5,240 4,985
Under 5 years 1,215 610 605
5 to 14 years 1,835 925 910
15 to 24 years 1,550 835 715
25 to 44 years 4,835 2,440 2,390
45 years and over 790 430 360
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 10,230 5,240 4,985
Americas 1,715 825 885
Brazil 80 35 45
Colombia 120 60 65
El Salvador 20 15 10
Guyana 10 0 0
Haiti 10 10 0
Jamaica 145 65 80
Mexico 10 0 10
Peru 10 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 45 25 20
United States of America 1,015 520 490
Other places of birth in Americas 240 100 140
Europe 2,930 1,640 1,290
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 25 10
Croatia 30 20 10
France 145 65 80
Germany 160 85 70
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 10 0 10
Italy 80 50 30
Netherlands 45 30 15
Poland 40 25 10
Portugal 30 10 25
Romania 80 35 45
Russian Federation 110 50 55
Serbia86 10 0 10
Ukraine 50 25 30
United Kingdom87 1,520 840 675
Other places of birth in Europe 575 355 220
Africa 1,565 855 705
Algeria 30 15 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 75 35 35
Egypt 155 115 40
Eritrea 155 95 60
Ethiopia 75 40 35
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 365 195 175
Somalia 15 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 110 60 50
Other places of birth in Africa 580 290 285
Asia 3,940 1,885 2,060
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 105 55 50
Iraq 110 50 60
Lebanon 75 40 30
Syria89 450 220 225
Turkey 45 35 15
China90 535 245 290
Hong Kong91 80 35 45
Korea, South92 90 15 70
Taiwan 50 20 30
Philippines 845 325 520
Viet Nam 80 40 45
Bangladesh 205 120 85
India 545 325 225
Pakistan 170 65 110
Sri Lanka 70 35 30
Other places of birth in Asia 475 250 220
Oceania and other places of birth93 75 30 50
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 3,135 1,540 1,595
Americas 320 145 175
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 10 10 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 105 55 50
Mexico 10 0 10
United States of America 115 60 55
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 45 10 35
Europe 285 160 120
France 30 15 15
Germany 20 0 10
Ireland96 40 20 20
Italy 10 10 0
Russian Federation 25 15 15
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 100 70 30
Other places of birth in Europe 55 30 30
Africa 785 410 375
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 10 0 10
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 50 25 25
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 40 25 10
Eritrea 100 60 45
Ethiopia 20 0 15
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 245 140 110
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 35 25 10
Sudan97 65 35 30
Tunisia 35 15 25
Other places of birth in Africa 180 85 95
Asia 1,735 815 920
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 70 35 30
China90 180 75 105
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 210 140 70
Iran88 35 20 15
Iraq 50 15 30
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 20 15 10
Korea, South92 35 0 30
Lebanon 55 30 20
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 80 30 45
Philippines 425 160 270
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 20 15 10
Syria89 390 205 185
Turkey 25 20 0
United Arab Emirates 20 0 20
Viet Nam 25 10 15
Other places of birth in Asia 70 20 50
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 267,550 130,560 136,985
First generation100 16,145 8,470 7,675
Second generation101 12,225 6,180 6,045
Third generation or more102 239,180 115,915 123,265
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 8,035 4,170 3,870
Economic immigrants104 4,465 2,345 2,120
Principal applicants105 2,145 1,340 805
Secondary applicants106 2,325 1,005 1,320
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,870 945 930
Refugees108 1,640 845 795
Other immigrants109 60 35 20
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 8,035 4,170 3,870
Asylum claim before admission111 185 105 75
Work permits only before admission112 1,615 870 745
Study permits only before admission113 390 240 150
Work and study permits before admission114 1,050 595 460
Other permits before admission115 35 15 15
No pre-admission experience116 4,760 2,340 2,425
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 267,545 130,560 136,985
Total visible minority population118 12,955 6,825 6,130
South Asian 3,425 1,980 1,440
Chinese 1,770 915 855
Black 2,955 1,585 1,370
Filipino 1,140 480 665
Arab 1,510 895 615
Latin American 640 310 330
Southeast Asian 390 175 220
West Asian 495 240 250
Korean 170 60 110
Japanese 60 20 45
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 120 45 70
Multiple visible minorities 275 115 160
Not a visible minority120 254,595 123,740 130,850
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 267,550 130,565 136,980
Canadian 63,590 30,875 32,715
English 97,330 46,725 50,615
Irish 87,370 42,255 45,120
Scottish 19,995 9,585 10,410
French, n.o.s.122 10,700 5,170 5,535
German 4,495 2,210 2,275
Chinese 1,825 925 900
Italian 1,640 800 840
Indian (India) 1,915 1,090 830
Ukrainian 1,095 565 525
Dutch 1,100 565 535
Polish 895 460 435
Québécois 115 50 65
British Isles, n.o.s.123 9,400 4,520 4,880
Filipino 1,190 520 665
French Canadian 355 160 200
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 13,690 6,485 7,205
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,965 960 1,005
Métis 1,835 790 1,040
European, n.o.s.126 4,810 2,395 2,415
Russian 540 280 260
Norwegian 1,200 610 590
Welsh 4,010 2,075 1,935
Portuguese 835 410 425
American 1,405 660 745
Spanish 825 410 415
Swedish 655 330 325
Hungarian 165 80 85
Acadian 655 300 350
Pakistani 210 110 100
African, n.o.s.127 595 305 295
Jewish 415 270 150
Punjabi 145 55 90
Vietnamese 150 75 70
Arab, n.o.s.128 685 385 305
Greek 270 150 125
Jamaican 225 105 115
Asian, n.o.s.129 355 185 175
Cree, n.o.s.130 130 50 75
Korean 180 65 115
Romanian 200 65 135
Lebanese 470 225 245
Iranian 415 200 215
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,080 540 540
Danish 460 245 220
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 770 350 425
Sikh 100 40 60
Austrian 230 115 115
Belgian 210 105 100
Haitian 10 10 0
Hindu 80 45 35
Mexican 65 30 35
Mennonite 35 15 20
Swiss 190 90 95
Finnish 150 65 85
Sri Lankan 90 50 40
Croatian 50 25 25
Japanese 125 60 55
South Asian, n.o.s.133 125 65 55
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 4,780 2,325 2,450
Northern European, n.o.s.135 740 390 350
Muslim 280 140 135
Egyptian 320 205 110
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 90 60 35
Tamil 60 30 25
Icelandic 105 60 45
Colombian 135 65 70
Moroccan 35 20 15
Czech 165 85 80
Syrian 275 165 110
Guyanese 35 15 20
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 135 90 45
Serbian 50 25 30
Ojibway 60 30 35
Newfoundlander 18,035 8,880 9,150
Hong Konger 15 0 10
Ontarian 240 100 140
Persian 85 45 45
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 60 25 35
Turkish 125 75 55
Inuit, n.o.s.138 1,880 880 1,005
Bangladeshi 515 310 205
Algerian 25 10 15
Brazilian 165 90 75
Nigerian 385 195 185
Armenian 25 10 15
Slovak 50 25 25
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 210 95 115
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 55 30 25
Iraqi 70 35 35
Salvadorean 15 0 10
African Caribbean 50 20 25
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 95 40 55
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 185 95 85
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 35 10 25
Algonquin 30 15 15
West Indian, n.o.s.143 60 40 25
Lithuanian 30 10 20
South African 140 110 30
Australian 130 55 80
Palestinian 120 75 50
Chilean 55 30 25
Congolese 105 30 75
Nova Scotian 255 110 140
Ethiopian 35 10 20
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 60 45 15
Peruvian 45 20 30
Yoruba 235 125 110
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 80 30 50
Maltese 90 50 40
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 20 10 15
Western European, n.o.s.145 410 170 235
New Brunswicker 90 45 50
Gujarati 30