Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Dauphin--Swan River--NeepawaMore information:
Manitoba
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 89,503 ... ...
Population, 20161 87,527 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 2.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 42,033 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 35,216 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 50,867.30 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 89,500 44,785 44,715
0 to 14 years 18,775 9,705 9,070
0 to 4 years 5,925 3,105 2,815
5 to 9 years 6,350 3,245 3,105
10 to 14 years 6,495 3,350 3,150
15 to 64 years 52,005 26,175 25,830
15 to 19 years 5,555 2,885 2,670
20 to 24 years 4,530 2,370 2,160
25 to 29 years 4,780 2,400 2,375
30 to 34 years 5,105 2,565 2,535
35 to 39 years 5,170 2,565 2,605
40 to 44 years 5,035 2,545 2,490
45 to 49 years 4,805 2,370 2,430
50 to 54 years 4,875 2,385 2,485
55 to 59 years 5,765 2,830 2,930
60 to 64 years 6,395 3,260 3,140
65 years and over 18,720 8,905 9,820
65 to 69 years 5,725 2,885 2,840
70 to 74 years 4,720 2,310 2,405
75 to 79 years 3,400 1,685 1,715
80 to 84 years 2,275 1,065 1,205
85 years and over 2,605 955 1,650
85 to 89 years 1,500 630 875
90 to 94 years 790 250 540
95 to 99 years 270 65 205
100 years and over 45 10 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 21.0 21.7 20.3
15 to 64 years 58.1 58.4 57.8
65 years and over 20.9 19.9 22.0
85 years and over 2.9 2.1 3.7
Average age of the population 41.0 40.2 41.9
Median age of the population 40.8 40.0 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 35,215 ... ...
Single-detached house 29,870 ... ...
Semi-detached house 545 ... ...
Row house 835 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,940 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 195 ... ...
Other single-attached house 75 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,555 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 35,215 ... ...
1 person 10,915 ... ...
2 persons 12,860 ... ...
3 persons 3,980 ... ...
4 persons 3,730 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,725 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 85,525 42,940 42,585
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 70,725 35,080 35,645
Married or living common-law 41,570 20,790 20,785
Married 34,150 17,090 17,060
Living common-law 7,420 3,700 3,720
Living common law - Never married 5,635 2,825 2,810
Living common law - Separated 270 145 130
Living common law - Divorced 1,325 660 665
Living common law - Widowed 185 70 120
Not married and not living common-law 29,150 14,290 14,865
Not married and not living common law - Never married 19,220 10,800 8,420
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,470 710 760
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 3,355 1,640 1,720
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,110 1,140 3,965
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 23,975 ... ...
2 persons 13,340 ... ...
3 persons 4,060 ... ...
4 persons 3,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,905 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 2.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 23,975 ... ...
Total couple families 19,740 ... ...
Married couples 16,030 ... ...
With children6 6,850 ... ...
Without children 9,180 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,710 ... ...
With children6 1,825 ... ...
Without children 1,885 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,235 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,150 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,085 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 85,530 42,940 42,585
Total - Persons in census families 69,850 34,780 35,070
Married spouses or common-law partners 39,480 19,715 19,770
Parents in one-parent families 4,235 1,085 3,150
Children6 26,135 13,980 12,150
In a two-parent family 18,485 9,835 8,650
In a one-parent family 7,650 4,145 3,500
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,680 8,165 7,520
Living alone 10,915 5,450 5,470
Living with other relatives7 2,480 1,270 1,215
Living with non-relatives only 2,275 1,445 835
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 35,215 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 21,335 ... ...
Couple-family households 18,305 ... ...
With children6 7,825 ... ...
Without children 10,485 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,030 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 770 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 180 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,010 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,000 ... ...
One-person households 10,915 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 67,585 33,695 33,890
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 65,725 32,705 33,025
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 39,200 32,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 65,795 32,745 33,055
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,000 34,800 30,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 56,335 28,545 27,785
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,200 35,200 24,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 45,760 24,280 21,480
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,600 34,400 26,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 59,935 29,445 30,490
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,100 7,900 11,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,075 3,055 3,020
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,920 6,280 5,400
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,100 6,505 7,590
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 9,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 67,860 33,760 34,105
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,085 32,825 33,260
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,160 47,800 38,640
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,160 32,870 33,290
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,480 39,240 33,760
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 56,590 28,745 27,850
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,440 44,520 32,120
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 45,980 24,460 21,520
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,920 42,600 32,640
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 60,160 29,580 30,580
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,280 9,760 12,760
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 6,200 3,065 3,135
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,140 7,420 6,870
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 13,985 6,555 7,425
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,750 9,940 9,580
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 67,860 33,760 34,105
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 21,890 13,115 8,775
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 48,800 52,400 44,800
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 55,350 57,650 51,950
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 16,620 7,550 9,070
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,800 19,800 16,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,420 29,880 21,680
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 76.2 81.6 69.6
Employment income (%)19 61.1 66.4 54.7
Government transfers (%)20 23.8 18.4 30.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.6 1.5 1.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.1 5.0 7.4
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.8 4.2 5.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 67,585 33,695 33,890
Without total income 1,860 990 865
With total income 65,730 32,705 33,025
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,945 3,605 3,345
$10,000 to $19,999 9,145 4,085 5,060
$20,000 to $29,999 11,925 5,180 6,740
$30,000 to $39,999 8,840 3,800 5,040
$40,000 to $49,999 7,860 3,685 4,175
$50,000 to $59,999 6,255 3,255 3,000
$60,000 to $69,999 4,195 2,475 1,720
$70,000 to $79,999 3,060 1,850 1,210
$80,000 to $89,999 2,160 1,265 895
$90,000 to $99,999 1,705 945 760
$100,000 and over 3,645 2,565 1,085
$100,000 to $149,999 2,740 1,875 865
$150,000 and over 905 690 220
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 67,585 33,695 33,890
Without after-tax income 1,790 950 835
With after-tax income 65,800 32,745 33,055
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,280 3,735 3,545
$10,000 to $19,999 9,690 4,345 5,345
$20,000 to $29,999 13,550 5,920 7,630
$30,000 to $39,999 10,655 4,810 5,845
$40,000 to $49,999 8,900 4,625 4,275
$50,000 to $59,999 5,995 3,435 2,560
$60,000 to $69,999 3,625 2,100 1,525
$70,000 to $79,999 2,555 1,410 1,145
$80,000 to $89,999 1,360 855 510
$90,000 to $99,999 755 485 270
$100,000 and over 1,430 1,015 415
$100,000 to $124,999 880 635 250
$125,000 and over 550 385 160
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 67,585 33,695 33,890
Without employment income 21,825 9,415 12,410
With employment income 45,765 24,280 21,485
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,830 4,125 3,700
$5,000 to $9,999 3,995 1,940 2,050
$10,000 to $19,999 6,040 2,840 3,200
$20,000 to $29,999 5,180 2,265 2,915
$30,000 to $39,999 4,840 2,210 2,625
$40,000 to $49,999 4,500 2,310 2,190
$50,000 to $59,999 3,450 2,135 1,320
$60,000 to $69,999 2,500 1,585 920
$70,000 to $79,999 1,920 1,225 695
$80,000 to $89,999 1,655 945 715
$90,000 to $99,999 1,225 685 540
$100,000 and over 2,625 2,015 605
$100,000 to $124,999 1,395 1,030 360
$125,000 and over 1,230 985 240
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 67,585 33,695 33,890
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 63,375 31,445 31,930
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 38,000 29,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 63,390 31,445 31,940
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,200 34,000 27,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 55,270 27,955 27,310
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,200 36,400 25,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 45,695 24,110 21,585
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,400 35,200 26,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 55,775 27,475 28,300
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,360 2,380 8,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 5,640 2,855 2,780
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,200 6,950 5,120
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 67,860 33,760 34,105
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 63,770 31,600 32,165
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,080 46,040 36,240
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 63,780 31,600 32,180
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,520 37,640 31,480
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 55,635 28,190 27,445
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,480 44,600 32,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 46,005 24,275 21,730
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,080 43,120 32,480
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 55,775 27,610 28,165
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,580 7,140 9,980
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,780 2,870 2,910
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,740 8,010 7,470
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 67,860 33,760 34,105
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 21,575 12,860 8,715
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 46,400 50,000 42,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 52,950 55,750 48,840
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 15,560 7,080 8,480
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,800 24,000 20,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,760 35,120 25,320
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 81.8 86.4 75.8
Employment income (%) 66.8 72.0 60.5
Government transfers (%) 18.3 13.6 24.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.7 1.6 1.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 35,220 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 58,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 10,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 24,300 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 35,345 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 80,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 68,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,905 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,960 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,640 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 24,440 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,900 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 35,215 ... ...
Under $5,000 490 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 635 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 800 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,265 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,750 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,595 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,795 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,675 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,650 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,090 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,625 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,175 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,940 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,985 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,710 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,410 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,465 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,390 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 35,215 ... ...
Under $5,000 565 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 320 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 675 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 845 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,425 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,830 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,050 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,940 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,905 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,485 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,055 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,775 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,340 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,005 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,015 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,365 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,815 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,840 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 23,800 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 10,640 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 68,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 8,745 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,765 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 51,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 13,195 6,895 6,300
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,400 34,800 30,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,800 31,400 28,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 23,895 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 96,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 81,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,705 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 88,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,825 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 102,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,745 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 13,325 6,965 6,355
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 40,840 43,640 37,720
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,760 36,160 33,240
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 85,530 42,940 42,590
0 to 17 years 21,375 10,990 10,385
0 to 5 years 6,865 3,575 3,295
18 to 64 years 46,675 23,505 23,170
65 years and over 17,480 8,440 9,035
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,560 8,480 9,080
0 to 17 years 5,565 2,860 2,710
0 to 5 years 2,045 1,070 975
18 to 64 years 7,970 3,940 4,025
65 years and over 4,025 1,680 2,350
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.5 19.7 21.3
0 to 17 years (%) 26.0 26.0 26.0
0 to 5 years (%) 29.8 30.0 29.6
18 to 64 years (%) 17.1 16.8 17.4
65 years and over (%) 23.0 19.9 26.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 74,470 37,385 37,085
0 to 17 years 16,765 8,610 8,155
0 to 5 years 5,330 2,765 2,560
18 to 64 years 40,785 20,580 20,205
65 years and over 16,925 8,195 8,725
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,835 1,625 1,210
0 to 17 years 560 290 270
0 to 5 years 185 95 85
18 to 64 years 1,955 1,150 800
65 years and over 320 180 140
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.8 4.3 3.3
0 to 17 years (%) 3.3 3.4 3.3
0 to 5 years (%) 3.5 3.5 3.5
18 to 64 years (%) 4.8 5.6 4.0
65 years and over (%) 1.9 2.2 1.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 85,530 42,940 42,590
In bottom half of the distribution 57,530 28,465 29,070
In bottom decile 14,760 7,330 7,435
In second decile 13,255 6,300 6,955
In third decile 11,055 5,460 5,595
In fourth decile 9,695 4,895 4,800
In fifth decile 8,760 4,480 4,285
In top half of the distribution 27,995 14,475 13,520
In sixth decile 7,740 4,035 3,710
In seventh decile 6,890 3,545 3,340
In eighth decile 5,950 3,040 2,910
In ninth decile 4,585 2,410 2,180
In top decile 2,830 1,445 1,385
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 85,530 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.325 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.482 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.286 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.7 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 88,385 44,340 44,050
English only 85,100 42,780 42,320
French only 25 15 15
English and French 3,065 1,425 1,640
Neither English nor French 200 120 80
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 88,385 44,340 44,050
English 87,185 43,715 43,470
French 980 490 490
English and French 40 30 15
Neither English nor French 180 105 70
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 88,385 44,340 44,050
Single responses 86,435 43,315 43,115
Official languages 74,895 37,550 37,345
English 73,765 36,995 36,775
French 1,130 560 575
Non-official languages 11,535 5,765 5,775
Indigenous languages39 1,780 855 925
Algonquian languages 1,540 740 800
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 295 145 145
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 295 145 145
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 75 35 40
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 20 15 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 195 100 100
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,250 590 655
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 15 10 5
Ojibway languages 1,235 585 650
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 10 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 285 120 160
Ojibway, n.o.s. 930 455 480
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 15 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 210 95 110
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 205 95 110
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,755 4,910 4,845
Afro-Asiatic languages 45 25 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 45 25 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 35 25 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,545 1,395 1,150
Bikol 15 10 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 110 65 50
Cebuano 180 110 70
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 5
Ilocano 50 30 25
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 5 5 0
Kinaray-a 5 5 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 20 20
Pangasinan 5 5 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,100 1,135 960
Waray-Waray 20 15 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Creole languages 10 5 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 105 55 55
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 85 40 45
Tamil 15 10 5
Telugu 5 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,795 3,315 3,480
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,860 885 975
Baltic languages 5 0 5
Latvian 5 0 5
Lithuanian 5 0 5
Slavic languages 1,860 890 965
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 25 20 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 60 30 25
Russian 165 85 75
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 1,585 740 845
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 10 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 10 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,500 2,205 2,295
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 3,530 1,720 1,810
German 3,460 1,680 1,785
Pennsylvania German 35 15 15
Swiss German 35 20 10
Yiddish 5 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 790 405 390
Afrikaans 70 35 40
Dutch 140 65 75
Low German, n.o.s. 160 85 75
Low Saxon 30 15 15
Plautdietsch 375 200 175
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10
Scandinavian languages 40 25 20
Danish 15 10 10
Icelandic 5 0 0
Norwegian 15 10 5
Swedish 10 0 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 80
Greek 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 220 100 110
Indo-Aryan languages 205 100 105
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 45 30 20
Hindi 30 20 15
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 100 40 60
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 25 10 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 0 5
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 200 115 80
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 0
Portuguese 20 10 10
Romanian 15 5 10
Spanish 155 95 60
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5
Korean 35 20 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 15 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 5
American Sign Language 0 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 115 50 60
Chinese languages 115 50 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 15 20
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 70 35 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 15 20
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 25 15 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Multiple responses 1,955 1,020 930
English and French 265 145 125
English and non-official language(s) 1,530 800 730
French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 130 65 60
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 88,385 44,340 44,050
English 77,380 38,815 38,565
French 150 70 85
Non-official language 3,380 1,665 1,715
Indigenous39 245 115 130
Non-Indigenous 3,135 1,545 1,585
English and French 465 235 235
English and non-official language(s) 6,755 3,410 3,340
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 70 35 30
Multiple non-official languages 175 100 80
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 88,385 44,340 44,050
Single responses 86,755 43,510 43,245
Official languages 80,890 40,485 40,410
English 80,685 40,380 40,305
French 210 100 105
Non-official languages 5,860 3,030 2,835
Indigenous languages39 545 270 275
Algonquian languages 485 240 240
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 65 35 30
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 65 35 30
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 15 10 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 5 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 45 20 20
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 420 210 205
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 5 0
Ojibway languages 415 210 210
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 85 45 40
Ojibway, n.o.s. 325 165 160
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 60 20 30
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 60 20 30
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,320 2,755 2,560
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 15 10
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 30 15 10
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 25 15 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,875 1,090 785
Bikol 10 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 65 40 25
Cebuano 110 75 35
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 15 10 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,635 940 695
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 80 40 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 65 30 35
Tamil 10 10 5
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,200 1,540 1,660
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 255 125 135
Baltic languages 0 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 255 125 130
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 5
Russian 85 45 35
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 145 65 80
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,670 1,260 1,405
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 2,365 1,125 1,245
German 2,330 1,100 1,230
Pennsylvania German 15 5 5
Swiss German 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 160 75 80
Afrikaans 40 20 25
Dutch 25 15 15
Low German, n.o.s. 30 10 15
Low Saxon 10 5 5
Plautdietsch 55 25 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 145 65 80
Indo-Aryan languages 135 65 75
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 30 20 15
Hindi 25 15 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 25 45
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 120 90 30
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 115 85 30
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 25 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 5
American Sign Language 15 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 65 30 30
Chinese languages 65 30 30
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 5 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 45 20 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,635 830 805
English and French 85 40 40
English and non-official language(s) 1,515 770 745
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 25 10 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 88,390 44,340 44,050
None 82,410 41,310 41,100
English 2,010 1,085 925
French 360 175 180
Non-official language 3,045 1,460 1,585
Indigenous39 895 405 490
Non-Indigenous 2,150 1,055 1,095
English and French 5 5 0
English and non-official language(s) 355 210 145
French and non-official language(s) 35 20 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 170 75 100
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 85,850 42,975 42,870
Official languages 85,645 42,885 42,760
English 85,610 42,865 42,750
French 3,120 1,555 1,560
Non-official languages 13,515 6,710 6,805
Indigenous languages39 3,410 1,615 1,790
Algonquian languages 2,815 1,340 1,475
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 520 265 255
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 520 265 255
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15 15 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 130 65 65
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 40 25 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 330 165 165
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,335 1,100 1,235
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 30 25 10
Ojibway languages 2,310 1,085 1,225
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 35 15 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 570 240 330
Ojibway, n.o.s. 1,765 855 910
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 0 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 100 45 55
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 480 235 245
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 475 235 245
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 10,170 5,115 5,055
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 85 65
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 150 85 65
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 45 30 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 10 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 40 10 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,440 1,905 1,535
Bikol 35 20 20
Bisaya, n.o.s. 170 85 85
Cebuano 430 275 155
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 60 25 35
Ilocano 100 60 50
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 30 45
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,310 1,825 1,485
Waray-Waray 35 20 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85
Creole languages 70 30 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 15 15 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25
Dravidian languages 135 75 60
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 115 60 55
Tamil 20 20 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,970 2,870 3,100
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 2,485 1,095 1,390
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 2,480 1,095 1,385
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 15 0 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 90 45 40
Russian 335 135 200
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 2,115 930 1,185
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 45 20 25
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 40 15 25
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,760 1,405 1,355
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,860 960 900
German 1,835 950 885
Pennsylvania German 40 25 15
Swiss German 45 20 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,010 490 520
Afrikaans 70 25 45
Dutch 190 105 85
Low German, n.o.s. 190 90 100
Low Saxon 45 15 35
Plautdietsch 525 255 270
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25
Scandinavian languages 105 45 65
Danish 30 15 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 20 35
Swedish 15 0 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 305 135 170
Indo-Aryan languages 300 130 170
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 0 0
Gujarati 55 40 10
Hindi 195 80 115
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 145 50 100
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 50 20 35
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 10 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 610 335 275
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 30 10 25
Portuguese 95 40 55
Romanian 15 0 10
Spanish 520 300 220
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 10 10
Korean 70 30 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 90 35 60
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 15 0 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 15 0 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 20 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 55 0 45
American Sign Language 50 0 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 175 85 90
Chinese languages 175 85 90
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 80 35 45
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 90 50 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 15 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 15 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 40 15 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 40 15 25
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 85,850 42,975 42,875
Indigenous identity45 24,265 11,970 12,295
Single Indigenous responses46 23,820 11,740 12,080
First Nations (North American Indian) 15,880 7,765 8,115
Métis 7,900 3,965 3,935
Inuk (Inuit) 35 0 30
Multiple Indigenous responses47 200 100 100
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 245 130 115
Non-Indigenous identity 61,585 31,010 30,575
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 85,850 42,975 42,875
Registered or Treaty Indian49 15,165 7,425 7,745
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 70,685 35,555 35,125
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 35,345 ... ...
Owner 25,405 ... ...
Renter 7,120 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 2,825 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 35,345 ... ...
Condominium 945 ... ...
Not condominium 34,400 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 35,345 ... ...
No bedrooms 175 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,995 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,800 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,470 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,910 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 35,345 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,620 ... ...
5 rooms 6,550 ... ...
6 rooms 6,400 ... ...
7 rooms 4,725 ... ...
8 or more rooms 10,045 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 35,345 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 34,350 ... ...
More than one person per room 995 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 35,345 ... ...
Suitable 33,485 ... ...
Not suitable 1,860 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 35,345 ... ...
1960 or before 9,710 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,870 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,725 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,360 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,250 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,485 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,545 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,405 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 35,345 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 31,720 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,625 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 35,345 ... ...
One-maintainer household 20,675 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 13,835 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 835 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 35,345 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,195 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,615 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,170 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,460 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,925 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,520 ... ...
75 to 84 years 3,790 ... ...
85 years and over 1,670 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 29,155 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 26,045 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,110 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 2,845 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 35,350 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 7,775 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 2,730 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,365 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,870 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 60 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 320 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 435 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 27,570 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 28,890 ... ...
In core need 2,475 ... ...
Not in core need 26,415 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 22,305 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 47.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 6.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 6.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 616 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 826 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 180,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 208,800 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 6,925 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 25.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 24.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 15.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 670 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 704 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 2,825 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 2.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 17 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 155 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 85,850 42,980 42,875
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 17,465 8,710 8,750
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 17,105 8,540 8,565
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 14,290 7,110 7,175
Métis single ancestry 2,790 1,420 1,370
Inuit single ancestry 25 0 20
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 355 175 185
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 355 170 185
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 6,815 3,270 3,545
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 6,340 3,075 3,265
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,565 1,235 1,330
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,715 1,810 1,910
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60 30 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 480 200 280
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 465 185 280
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 61,570 30,995 30,580
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 85,850 42,975 42,870
Canadian citizens77 81,025 40,375 40,655
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,350 10,440 9,910
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 60,680 29,935 30,740
Not Canadian citizens78 4,820 2,600 2,220
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 85,850 42,975 42,870
Non-immigrants80 78,760 39,300 39,460
Immigrants81 6,050 2,960 3,095
Before 1980 660 305 355
1980 to 1990 320 195 125
1991 to 2000 520 260 265
2001 to 2010 1,000 475 520
2011 to 202182 3,550 1,730 1,830
2011 to 2015 1,365 675 695
2016 to 2021 2,185 1,050 1,135
Non-permanent residents83 1,035 720 315
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 6,050 2,960 3,095
Under 5 years 670 315 350
5 to 14 years 1,250 575 680
15 to 24 years 875 410 465
25 to 44 years 2,715 1,390 1,325
45 years and over 550 265 280
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 6,050 2,960 3,095
Americas 605 255 345
Brazil 40 20 15
Colombia 10 0 10
El Salvador 20 0 10
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 10 10
Mexico 60 30 30
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 340 115 220
Other places of birth in Americas 105 65 40
Europe 2,065 1,050 1,010
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 45 25 25
Germany 415 230 185
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 10 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 140 80 65
Poland 45 10 40
Portugal 10 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 100 40 65
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 95 35 55
United Kingdom87 885 490 395
Other places of birth in Europe 310 135 175
Africa 205 90 120
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 15 0 10
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 60 25 30
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 65 25 40
Other places of birth in Africa 55 25 35
Asia 3,125 1,535 1,595
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 95 50 50
Hong Kong91 20 10 10
Korea, South92 30 10 20
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 2,685 1,325 1,360
Viet Nam 30 10 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 140 75 70
Pakistan 40 20 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 65 30 30
Oceania and other places of birth93 45 25 25
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 2,185 1,050 1,135
Americas 125 55 70
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 10 0 0
United States of America 75 25 50
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0
Europe 170 75 95
France 0 0 0
Germany 40 10 30
Ireland96 30 10 15
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 10 0 0
Ukraine 20 10 10
United Kingdom87 60 35 25
Other places of birth in Europe 20 0 10
Africa 100 40 60
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 50 20 25
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 40 15 20
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 10
Asia 1,785 885 905
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 25 15 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 90 45 45
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 1,620 805 815
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and other93 15 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 85,850 42,975 42,875
First generation100 7,495 3,865 3,625
Second generation101 8,010 3,865 4,140
Third generation or more102 70,345 35,245 35,100
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 5,395 2,655 2,740
Economic immigrants104 4,610 2,375 2,240
Principal applicants105 1,645 1,305 340
Secondary applicants106 2,970 1,065 1,905
Immigrants sponsored by family107 675 235 440
Refugees108 65 30 35
Other immigrants109 45 15 25
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 5,395 2,655 2,740
Asylum claim before admission111 40 10 30
Work permits only before admission112 1,420 900 515
Study permits only before admission113 260 140 120
Work and study permits before admission114 120 70 50
Other permits before admission115 30 15 20
No pre-admission experience116 3,530 1,520 2,010
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 85,850 42,975 42,875
Total visible minority population118 5,355 2,895 2,465
South Asian 460 210 245
Chinese 260 120 140
Black 365 220 150
Filipino 3,655 1,990 1,665
Arab 40 30 10
Latin American 230 140 95
Southeast Asian 130 50 75
West Asian 20 15 0
Korean 55 25 35
Japanese 10 10 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 20 15 0
Multiple visible minorities 110 70 40
Not a visible minority120 80,495 40,085 40,410
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 85,845 42,975 42,870
Canadian 8,055 4,050 4,005
English 19,310 9,365 9,940
Irish 11,850 5,505 6,340
Scottish 15,305 7,470 7,840
French, n.o.s.122 6,525 3,305 3,225
German 11,210 5,500 5,710
Chinese 320 155 165
Italian 410 185 230
Indian (India) 310 150 160
Ukrainian 15,110 7,465 7,645
Dutch 2,570 1,220 1,355
Polish 5,370 2,610 2,765
Québécois 35 30 10
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,515 725 795
Filipino 3,500 1,940 1,560
French Canadian 300 170 130
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,085 560 520
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 5,945 2,975 2,970
Métis 7,340 3,600 3,745
European, n.o.s.126 855 425 430
Russian 2,030 1,050 980
Norwegian 1,585 710 880
Welsh 1,255 570 685
Portuguese 130 50 85
American 650 350 300
Spanish 275 135 140
Swedish 1,705 790 910
Hungarian 605 265 340
Acadian 65 40 25
Pakistani 50 25 30
African, n.o.s.127 105 65 45
Jewish 145 65 85
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 55 20 35
Arab, n.o.s.128 0 0 0
Greek 75 15 55
Jamaican 50 35 10
Asian, n.o.s.129 285 130 155
Cree, n.o.s.130 2,050 950 1,100
Korean 65 30 35
Romanian 450 225 220
Lebanese 60 20 30
Iranian 15 0 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 340 170 175
Danish 560 275 285
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,760 920 835
Sikh 15 10 0
Austrian 810 400 410
Belgian 955 460 500
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 20 0 15
Mexican 140 50 90
Mennonite 2,220 1,180 1,040
Swiss 350 185 165
Finnish 205 90 110
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 30 15 20
Japanese 55 15 45
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 55 25 30
Northern European, n.o.s.135 390 190 195
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 15 15 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 25 10 15
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 1,495 710 785
Colombian 10 10 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 280 100 175
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 40 15 25
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 5,810 2,785 3,025
Newfoundlander 25 0 20
Hong Konger 15 0 10
Ontarian 25 10 10
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 30 15 10
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 95 50 45
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 25 15 10
Nigerian 80 40 40
Armenian 10 0 10
Slovak 55 20 35
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 110 60 50
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 50 30 20
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 65 30 35
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 10 0 10
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 10 10 0
Algonquin 15 10 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 35 20 10
South African 85 30 60
Australian 35 20 15
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 10 10 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0