Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Cumberland--ColchesterMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 82,014 ... ...
Population, 20161 80,590 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 1.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 44,001 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 37,195 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 10.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,903.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 82,015 39,920 42,095
0 to 14 years 11,360 5,845 5,515
0 to 4 years 3,270 1,730 1,540
5 to 9 years 3,800 1,915 1,885
10 to 14 years 4,285 2,195 2,090
15 to 64 years 49,440 24,140 25,305
15 to 19 years 4,070 2,055 2,010
20 to 24 years 3,955 2,090 1,865
25 to 29 years 4,155 2,085 2,070
30 to 34 years 4,200 2,030 2,170
35 to 39 years 4,255 2,045 2,215
40 to 44 years 4,290 2,005 2,285
45 to 49 years 5,030 2,410 2,615
50 to 54 years 5,575 2,685 2,890
55 to 59 years 6,920 3,365 3,555
60 to 64 years 6,995 3,360 3,630
65 years and over 21,215 9,930 11,280
65 to 69 years 6,490 3,170 3,320
70 to 74 years 5,765 2,805 2,960
75 to 79 years 3,920 1,865 2,055
80 to 84 years 2,640 1,170 1,460
85 years and over 2,410 920 1,485
85 to 89 years 1,520 625 895
90 to 94 years 685 255 435
95 to 99 years 175 40 135
100 years and over 25 5 20
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.9 14.6 13.1
15 to 64 years 60.3 60.5 60.1
65 years and over 25.9 24.9 26.8
85 years and over 2.9 2.3 3.5
Average age of the population 46.4 45.5 47.2
Median age of the population 49.6 48.8 50.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 37,195 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,375 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,035 ... ...
Row house 600 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,615 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,175 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5 ... ...
Other single-attached house 170 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 2,225 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 37,195 ... ...
1 person 12,090 ... ...
2 persons 14,975 ... ...
3 persons 4,860 ... ...
4 persons 3,490 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,780 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 80,280 39,005 41,280
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 70,655 34,070 36,585
Married or living common-law 40,395 20,160 20,230
Married 31,900 15,920 15,975
Living common-law 8,495 4,240 4,255
Living common law - Never married 5,490 2,740 2,755
Living common law - Separated 605 320 285
Living common law - Divorced 2,060 1,035 1,020
Living common law - Widowed 340 140 200
Not married and not living common-law 30,265 13,910 16,350
Not married and not living common law - Never married 17,335 9,440 7,895
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,540 1,125 1,415
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,770 1,995 2,780
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,615 1,355 4,260
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 24,195 ... ...
2 persons 15,105 ... ...
3 persons 4,595 ... ...
4 persons 3,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,335 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 24,195 ... ...
Total couple families 19,865 ... ...
Married couples 15,615 ... ...
With children6 5,800 ... ...
Without children 9,820 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,250 ... ...
With children6 1,705 ... ...
Without children 2,540 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,325 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,360 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 965 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 80,280 39,005 41,280
Total - Persons in census families 63,755 31,390 32,370
Married spouses or common-law partners 39,730 19,835 19,895
Parents in one-parent families 4,330 965 3,360
Children6 19,695 10,590 9,105
In a two-parent family 13,180 6,970 6,205
In a one-parent family 6,520 3,620 2,905
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,525 7,610 8,910
Living alone 12,090 5,420 6,670
Living with other relatives7 1,495 635 865
Living with non-relatives only 2,945 1,560 1,385
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 37,195 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 22,085 ... ...
Couple-family households 18,645 ... ...
With children6 7,015 ... ...
Without children 11,630 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,445 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 635 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 120 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 900 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,365 ... ...
One-person households 12,090 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 68,940 33,170 35,765
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,875 32,185 34,695
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 39,600 31,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,890 32,190 34,700
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,800 35,200 29,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 56,355 27,815 28,540
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,200 34,800 24,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 43,205 21,930 21,275
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 36,000 27,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 56,050 25,775 30,275
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,800 13,000 12,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,665 4,390 4,280
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,040 6,400 5,880
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,690 7,275 8,420
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 68,945 33,205 35,740
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,845 32,145 34,705
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,680 49,600 38,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,865 32,150 34,710
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,760 40,800 33,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 56,640 27,900 28,745
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,880 45,640 32,320
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 43,205 21,955 21,250
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,480 44,920 33,880
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 55,930 25,615 30,315
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,840 12,550 13,080
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,610 4,380 4,240
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,410 7,760 7,050
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,485 7,050 8,435
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,890 8,700 9,050
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 68,940 33,205 35,745
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 20,360 11,060 9,295
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 51,600 56,000 47,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 59,150 63,700 53,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 17,015 7,745 9,270
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,400 19,000 14,500
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,500 30,000 19,900
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 75.4 79.8 70.0
Employment income (%)19 58.4 61.8 54.3
Government transfers (%)20 24.6 20.2 29.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.2 2.1 2.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.7 4.5 7.0
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 3.9 5.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 68,940 33,175 35,770
Without total income 2,065 985 1,075
With total income 66,875 32,185 34,690
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,445 2,375 3,075
$10,000 to $19,999 9,760 3,820 5,940
$20,000 to $29,999 12,910 5,625 7,285
$30,000 to $39,999 9,840 4,350 5,490
$40,000 to $49,999 8,695 4,205 4,490
$50,000 to $59,999 6,080 3,285 2,790
$60,000 to $69,999 4,165 2,435 1,730
$70,000 to $79,999 2,855 1,705 1,150
$80,000 to $89,999 2,220 1,280 945
$90,000 to $99,999 1,515 830 685
$100,000 and over 3,390 2,265 1,120
$100,000 to $149,999 2,495 1,620 870
$150,000 and over 900 645 255
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 68,940 33,175 35,770
Without after-tax income 2,050 980 1,065
With after-tax income 66,890 32,190 34,700
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,770 2,465 3,310
$10,000 to $19,999 10,240 4,060 6,180
$20,000 to $29,999 15,020 6,590 8,425
$30,000 to $39,999 12,190 5,740 6,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,255 4,870 4,390
$50,000 to $59,999 5,540 3,155 2,385
$60,000 to $69,999 3,610 2,045 1,560
$70,000 to $79,999 2,230 1,240 985
$80,000 to $89,999 1,145 740 405
$90,000 to $99,999 595 375 220
$100,000 and over 1,300 915 385
$100,000 to $124,999 675 470 205
$125,000 and over 625 440 185
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 68,940 33,175 35,770
Without employment income 25,735 11,245 14,495
With employment income 43,205 21,925 21,280
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,545 3,240 3,305
$5,000 to $9,999 3,665 1,530 2,135
$10,000 to $19,999 5,820 2,520 3,295
$20,000 to $29,999 4,990 2,290 2,700
$30,000 to $39,999 4,840 2,300 2,540
$40,000 to $49,999 4,570 2,285 2,285
$50,000 to $59,999 3,245 1,900 1,350
$60,000 to $69,999 2,520 1,550 965
$70,000 to $79,999 1,945 1,185 755
$80,000 to $89,999 1,630 920 710
$90,000 to $99,999 1,140 620 515
$100,000 and over 2,300 1,590 710
$100,000 to $124,999 1,335 870 465
$125,000 and over 960 720 245
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 68,940 33,170 35,765
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,800 31,655 34,145
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,400 38,400 28,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,855 31,655 34,200
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,800 34,000 26,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 56,250 27,775 28,480
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,800 36,000 25,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 43,895 22,265 21,630
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,600 36,800 27,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 50,805 22,790 28,015
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,800 10,000 9,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 7,770 3,965 3,805
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,120 6,900 5,400
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 68,945 33,205 35,740
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,700 31,550 34,145
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,360 47,680 35,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,760 31,560 34,205
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,760 39,200 30,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 56,305 27,725 28,580
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,000 45,760 32,440
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 43,785 22,195 21,585
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 45,200 33,880
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 50,740 22,815 27,925
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,270 10,320 10,240
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 7,545 4,035 3,510
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,420 7,580 7,240
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 68,940 33,205 35,745
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 20,215 11,005 9,215
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 48,800 52,800 44,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 56,150 60,850 50,560
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 16,085 7,325 8,760
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,000 24,400 18,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,840 34,600 24,000
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 80.8 84.4 76.4
Employment income (%) 63.8 66.6 60.3
Government transfers (%) 19.2 15.6 23.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.1 2.0 2.1
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 37,195 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 63,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 56,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 12,090 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 31,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 29,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 25,105 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 37,195 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 78,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 66,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,085 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,520 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,880 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 25,110 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 81,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 37,195 ... ...
Under $5,000 335 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 955 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 820 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,655 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,705 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,835 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,090 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,935 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,720 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,350 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,055 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,715 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,000 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,420 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,655 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,240 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,200 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,330 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 37,195 ... ...
Under $5,000 370 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 255 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 975 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 880 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,850 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,030 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,195 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,410 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,250 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,950 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,855 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,640 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,960 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,435 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,840 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,310 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,040 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,610 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,660 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 24,055 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 11,725 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 65,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 7,645 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 112,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,040 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 55,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 51,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 15,030 6,980 8,050
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 31,400 33,200 30,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,000 30,200 28,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 24,075 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 81,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 72,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 132,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 107,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,100 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 14,980 6,965 8,015
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 38,320 40,480 36,440
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,000 34,160 32,000
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 80,285 39,000 41,280
0 to 17 years 13,805 7,060 6,745
0 to 5 years 4,005 2,080 1,920
18 to 64 years 46,235 22,340 23,895
65 years and over 20,240 9,605 10,640
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,210 6,495 7,715
0 to 17 years 2,685 1,390 1,300
0 to 5 years 995 515 480
18 to 64 years 6,640 3,095 3,545
65 years and over 4,885 2,015 2,870
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.7 16.7 18.7
0 to 17 years (%) 19.5 19.7 19.3
0 to 5 years (%) 24.9 24.8 24.9
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.8 14.9
65 years and over (%) 24.1 21.0 27.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 79,410 38,595 40,815
0 to 17 years 13,560 6,945 6,615
0 to 5 years 3,925 2,045 1,875
18 to 64 years 45,685 22,075 23,610
65 years and over 20,170 9,570 10,600
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,190 1,645 1,550
0 to 17 years 525 275 245
0 to 5 years 180 100 85
18 to 64 years 2,390 1,250 1,145
65 years and over 275 115 160
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.0 4.3 3.8
0 to 17 years (%) 3.9 4.0 3.7
0 to 5 years (%) 4.6 4.8 4.5
18 to 64 years (%) 5.2 5.7 4.8
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.2 1.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 80,280 39,000 41,280
In bottom half of the distribution 53,500 25,535 27,965
In bottom decile 11,685 5,375 6,310
In second decile 12,835 5,920 6,905
In third decile 10,585 5,110 5,475
In fourth decile 9,815 4,840 4,975
In fifth decile 8,580 4,290 4,290
In top half of the distribution 26,780 13,465 13,315
In sixth decile 7,470 3,765 3,700
In seventh decile 6,580 3,270 3,310
In eighth decile 5,695 2,850 2,845
In ninth decile 4,230 2,130 2,100
In top decile 2,815 1,455 1,365
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 80,280 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.318 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.472 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.276 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 80,620 39,170 41,450
English only 76,035 37,290 38,745
French only 10 5 5
English and French 4,435 1,805 2,630
Neither English nor French 130 65 65
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 80,620 39,170 41,450
English 79,735 38,755 40,975
French 705 330 375
English and French 60 25 30
Neither English nor French 115 50 60
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 80,620 39,170 41,450
Single responses 79,975 38,900 41,075
Official languages 77,825 37,825 40,000
English 77,045 37,465 39,580
French 780 365 415
Non-official languages 2,150 1,075 1,075
Indigenous languages39 95 50 45
Algonquian languages 90 45 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 5 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 85 40 40
Mi'kmaq 85 40 40
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,055 1,025 1,030
Afro-Asiatic languages 145 85 65
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 145 85 65
Amharic 10 5 5
Arabic 140 80 60
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 25 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 210 65 145
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 25 10 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0
Ilocano 5 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 165 50 115
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 135 85 50
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 110 75 35
Tamil 20 10 10
Telugu 15 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,235 640 600
Albanian 5 0 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 125 55 70
Baltic languages 5 5 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 120 55 70
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 0 0
Czech 10 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 45 20 25
Russian 35 15 20
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 20 5 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 480 245 235
Frisian 5 5 0
High German languages 245 115 135
German 240 110 130
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 10 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 210 120 90
Afrikaans 10 5 10
Dutch 170 95 70
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 20 10 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 10
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 425 240 185
Indo-Aryan languages 390 220 165
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 15 10 10
Gujarati 15 5 5
Hindi 55 25 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 5 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 265 155 110
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 40 20 20
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 5 5
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 0
Persian languages 20 15 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 10 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 185 90 95
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 15 5
Portuguese 40 25 20
Romanian 10 0 5
Spanish 110 50 65
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 10 10
Korean 65 30 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 5 10
American Sign Language 10 5 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 145 70 75
Chinese languages 140 65 80
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 85 40 45
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 50 25 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10
Estonian 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 20 10 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 640 270 375
English and French 280 115 170
English and non-official language(s) 315 140 175
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 30 10 25
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 80,620 39,170 41,450
English 77,740 37,830 39,910
French 100 45 55
Non-official language 500 255 245
Indigenous39 10 0 5
Non-Indigenous 495 255 240
English and French 565 225 335
English and non-official language(s) 1,600 770 835
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 65 25 40
Multiple non-official languages 40 15 25
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 80,620 39,170 41,450
Single responses 80,195 38,960 41,230
Official languages 79,140 38,425 40,715
English 78,995 38,355 40,645
French 145 65 75
Non-official languages 1,050 540 510
Indigenous languages39 25 10 15
Algonquian languages 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 10
Mi'kmaq 25 10 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,025 525 495
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 40 35
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 70 40 35
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 70 40 35
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115 50 65
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 45 55
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 75 35 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 55 30 25
Tamil 10 5 10
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 565 305 255
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 40 15 25
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40 15 25
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 5 5
Russian 20 10 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 140 65 70
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 100 45 55
German 100 45 55
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 40 20 15
Afrikaans 5 5 5
Dutch 15 10 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 310 180 130
Indo-Aryan languages 280 170 115
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 10 10
Gujarati 10 5 5
Hindi 30 20 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 120 85
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 5 5
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 0
Persian languages 20 10 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 20 10 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 70 35 30
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 5 0
Portuguese 25 15 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 45 25 15
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 5 5
Korean 45 20 25
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 20 10
American Sign Language 20 15 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 45 40
Chinese languages 90 45 40
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 50 25 25
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 35 20 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 425 205 220
English and French 75 35 40
English and non-official language(s) 350 170 175
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 80,620 39,170 41,450
None 78,695 38,305 40,395
English 455 235 215
French 455 175 280
Non-official language 800 350 445
Indigenous39 125 50 75
Non-Indigenous 675 305 375
English and French 5 0 5
English and non-official language(s) 95 50 50
French and non-official language(s) 50 15 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 65 30 35
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 80,285 39,005 41,280
Official languages 80,140 38,920 41,220
English 80,140 38,920 41,220
French 4,420 1,825 2,590
Non-official languages 3,260 1,580 1,685
Indigenous languages39 295 155 145
Algonquian languages 280 145 140
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 270 140 125
Mi'kmaq 270 140 125
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,975 1,425 1,555
Afro-Asiatic languages 260 150 110
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 260 150 110
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 240 140 100
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 25 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 270 60 210
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 25 10 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 0 0
Indonesian 10 0 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 0 20
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 60 195
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15
Creole languages 20 15 10
Haitian Creole 10 10 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 165 95 70
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 100 60 35
Tamil 65 35 30
Telugu 50 25 20
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,850 930 920
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 195 80 115
Baltic languages 10 10 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 190 80 115
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 20 10 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 35 15 30
Russian 90 35 55
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 40 20 25
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 15 10 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 790 390 395
Frisian 10 10 0
High German languages 445 245 205
German 445 245 205
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 20 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 295 135 155
Afrikaans 30 10 20
Dutch 245 120 125
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 25 0 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0
Scandinavian languages 55 20 35
Danish 20 10 15
Icelandic 10 10 10
Norwegian 10 0 10
Swedish 10 0 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages 485 260 225
Indo-Aryan languages 465 255 215
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 20 10 10
Hindi 325 175 150
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 300 160 140
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 0
Urdu 35 20 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 35 20 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 20 0 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 0 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 430 220 210
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 65 50 15
Portuguese 60 30 30
Romanian 25 15 15
Spanish 305 135 170
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 30 15 20
Korean 130 55 75
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 40 25 15
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 15 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 120 40 75
American Sign Language 95 30 65
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 160 80 75
Chinese languages 160 80 75
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 95 55 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 60 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 20 10 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 15 0 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 25 0 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 25 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 80,285 39,005 41,280
Indigenous identity45 3,590 1,690 1,900
Single Indigenous responses46 3,430 1,620 1,800
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,490 1,210 1,285
Métis 850 375 475
Inuk (Inuit) 75 35 40
Multiple Indigenous responses47 45 15 30
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 125 50 75
Non-Indigenous identity 76,690 37,310 39,380
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 80,285 39,005 41,280
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,755 845 905
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 78,530 38,155 40,375
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 37,195 ... ...
Owner 26,400 ... ...
Renter 10,530 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 270 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 37,195 ... ...
Condominium 680 ... ...
Not condominium 36,515 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 37,195 ... ...
No bedrooms 90 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,950 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,290 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,455 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,415 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 37,195 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,665 ... ...
5 rooms 6,380 ... ...
6 rooms 6,500 ... ...
7 rooms 5,265 ... ...
8 or more rooms 10,385 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 37,195 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 36,975 ... ...
More than one person per room 220 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 37,195 ... ...
Suitable 36,165 ... ...
Not suitable 1,030 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 37,195 ... ...
1960 or before 11,845 ... ...
1961 to 1980 9,820 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,205 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,115 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,750 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,815 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,420 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,240 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 37,195 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 33,605 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,590 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 37,195 ... ...
One-maintainer household 20,725 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 15,630 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 840 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 37,195 ... ...
15 to 24 years 930 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,955 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,685 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,190 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,015 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,555 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,275 ... ...
85 years and over 1,595 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 36,465 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 30,795 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 5,670 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 5,115 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 37,195 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 9,325 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,860 ... ...
Not suitable only 800 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,700 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 70 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 735 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 150 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 27,870 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 35,905 ... ...
In core need 3,385 ... ...
Not in core need 32,525 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 25,990 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 50.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 715 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 867 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 180,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 209,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 10,515 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 14.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 20.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 820 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 854 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 270 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 5.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 226 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 226 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 80,280 39,000 41,275
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,580 750 830
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,555 740 820
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,405 675 730
Métis single ancestry 120 55 60
Inuit single ancestry 40 10 25
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 20 15 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 20 15 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,065 1,415 1,655
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,030 1,410 1,615
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,315 1,080 1,240
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 620 290 325
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 95 35 55
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 40 0 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20 0 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 75,635 36,835 38,795
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 80,280 39,000 41,280
Canadian citizens77 78,425 38,055 40,360
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,520 6,955 6,565
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 64,900 31,100 33,800
Not Canadian citizens78 1,860 945 915
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 80,280 39,000 41,280
Non-immigrants80 76,370 37,020 39,345
Immigrants81 3,200 1,620 1,580
Before 1980 1,195 605 585
1980 to 1990 335 180 160
1991 to 2000 305 150 155
2001 to 2010 535 240 290
2011 to 202182 835 440 395
2011 to 2015 225 100 120
2016 to 2021 615 345 270
Non-permanent residents83 710 365 350
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,200 1,615 1,580
Under 5 years 375 215 160
5 to 14 years 620 370 245
15 to 24 years 580 255 325
25 to 44 years 1,315 645 675
45 years and over 315 135 180
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,200 1,615 1,580
Americas 725 340 390
Brazil 20 0 20
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 10 0 10
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 55 30 25
Mexico 15 0 10
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 0
United States of America 510 230 285
Other places of birth in Americas 90 50 35
Europe 1,510 805 710
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 40 15 20
Germany 145 75 75
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 20 10 10
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 205 105 95
Poland 25 10 15
Portugal 10 10 0
Romania 20 10 10
Russian Federation 30 10 15
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 10 10
United Kingdom87 865 455 405
Other places of birth in Europe 140 85 50
Africa 130 60 65
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 10 10 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 20 15 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 55 20 40
Other places of birth in Africa 45 20 20
Asia 800 400 400
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 75 45 35
Syria89 90 55 35
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 70 35 30
Hong Kong91 20 10 10
Korea, South92 65 30 30
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 180 45 130
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 205 130 75
Pakistan 25 15 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 65 20 45
Oceania and other places of birth93 30 15 15
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 610 345 270
Americas 110 70 45
Brazil 10 0 10
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 40 30 15
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 35 20 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 15 15 0
Europe 60 25 35
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 20 10 10
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 10 0 10
Other places of birth in Europe 15 10 0
Africa 40 25 15
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 25 10 15
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 10 0
Asia 395 215 185
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 20 15 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 120 80 40
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 45 25 20
Lebanon 10 10 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 90 25 55
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 85 50 40
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 80,285 39,005 41,280
First generation100 4,430 2,235 2,190
Second generation101 4,770 2,280 2,490
Third generation or more102 71,080 34,490 36,595
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 2,010 1,015 1,000
Economic immigrants104 1,245 665 585
Principal applicants105 565 355 205
Secondary applicants106 685 310 375
Immigrants sponsored by family107 610 265 340
Refugees108 150 75 75
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 2,010 1,015 1,000
Asylum claim before admission111 50 25 25
Work permits only before admission112 370 190 180
Study permits only before admission113 115 45 70
Work and study permits before admission114 190 100 90
Other permits before admission115 10 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 1,280 645 635
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 80,285 39,005 41,280
Total visible minority population118 3,075 1,520 1,555
South Asian 690 400 285
Chinese 240 105 135
Black 1,185 615 570
Filipino 295 80 215
Arab 230 130 95
Latin American 95 50 40
Southeast Asian 60 25 30
West Asian 20 10 10
Korean 135 55 80
Japanese 15 15 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 35 10 30
Multiple visible minorities 65 15 50
Not a visible minority120 77,205 37,485 39,725
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 80,280 39,005 41,280
Canadian 15,290 7,540 7,750
English 21,095 9,820 11,270
Irish 16,900 7,920 8,980
Scottish 24,560 11,815 12,745
French, n.o.s.122 7,775 3,680 4,090
German 5,555 2,580 2,975
Chinese 240 125 120
Italian 730 310 420
Indian (India) 385 210 170
Ukrainian 515 220 295
Dutch 2,315 1,085 1,230
Polish 550 275 280
Québécois 35 10 25
British Isles, n.o.s.123 2,805 1,310 1,490
Filipino 285 70 215
French Canadian 295 150 145
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 5,230 2,470 2,760
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,090 540 540
Métis 785 365 420
European, n.o.s.126 3,875 1,915 1,960
Russian 300 145 155
Norwegian 435 165 275
Welsh 1,410 645 770
Portuguese 150 70 80
American 425 235 185
Spanish 230 95 130
Swedish 300 105 190
Hungarian 165 60 100
Acadian 2,880 1,310 1,575
Pakistani 25 15 15
African, n.o.s.127 480 235 250
Jewish 135 70 65
Punjabi 80 30 60
Vietnamese 35 15 20
Arab, n.o.s.128 110 55 55
Greek 155 75 80
Jamaican 45 20 25
Asian, n.o.s.129 120 65 50
Cree, n.o.s.130 205 70 135
Korean 115 50 70
Romanian 70 35 35
Lebanese 260 145 115
Iranian 50 20 30
Christian, n.i.e.131 140 60 75
Danish 535 250 285
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 370 180 195
Sikh 45 15 30
Austrian 100 55 45
Belgian 170 80 95
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 70 50 20
Mexican 55 35 20
Mennonite 90 35 55
Swiss 265 145 120
Finnish 60 20 45
Sri Lankan 35 25 15
Croatian 25 20 0
Japanese 25 15 10
South Asian, n.o.s.133 65 35 30
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,775 835 935
Northern European, n.o.s.135 700 380 320
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 15 15 10
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 15 10 10
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 55 20 35
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 115 85 25
Syrian 95 45 55
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 230 120 115
Serbian 25 10 15
Ojibway 110 35 80
Newfoundlander 435 235 205
Hong Konger 20 0 20
Ontarian 135 70 60
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 10 0 10
Turkish 10 10 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 150 50 100
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 30 10 25
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 20 10 10
Slovak 55 20 35
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 115 35 85
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 15 0 10
African Caribbean 10 0 10
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 20 0 20
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 50 25 25
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 10 10 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 50 15 35
South African 65 15 50
Australian 60 30 35
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 2,310 1,115 1,195
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0