Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Cumberland, County (CTY)More information:
Nova Scotia
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 30,538 ... ...
Population, 20161 30,005 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 1.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 18,363 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 14,139 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 7.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,275.77 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 30,540 15,040 15,495
0 to 14 years 3,920 1,985 1,940
0 to 4 years 1,125 595 530
5 to 9 years 1,275 625 650
10 to 14 years 1,520 760 760
15 to 64 years 17,875 8,905 8,970
15 to 19 years 1,465 760 700
20 to 24 years 1,280 695 580
25 to 29 years 1,360 700 655
30 to 34 years 1,420 705 715
35 to 39 years 1,435 715 715
40 to 44 years 1,495 715 780
45 to 49 years 1,830 920 910
50 to 54 years 2,110 1,010 1,095
55 to 59 years 2,675 1,310 1,370
60 to 64 years 2,800 1,365 1,435
65 years and over 8,745 4,155 4,585
65 to 69 years 2,690 1,335 1,355
70 to 74 years 2,455 1,195 1,260
75 to 79 years 1,555 755 795
80 to 84 years 1,100 515 585
85 years and over 945 355 590
85 to 89 years 590 230 360
90 to 94 years 265 105 160
95 to 99 years 80 20 60
100 years and over 10 0 10
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.8 13.2 12.5
15 to 64 years 58.5 59.2 57.9
65 years and over 28.6 27.6 29.6
85 years and over 3.1 2.4 3.8
Average age of the population 48.1 47.3 48.9
Median age of the population 52.8 51.6 53.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 14,135 ... ...
Single-detached house 10,675 ... ...
Semi-detached house 300 ... ...
Row house 320 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 525 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,370 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ...
Other single-attached house 105 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 845 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 14,140 ... ...
1 person 4,775 ... ...
2 persons 5,820 ... ...
3 persons 1,780 ... ...
4 persons 1,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 585 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 29,705 14,465 15,235
Average household size 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 26,620 13,060 13,555
Married or living common-law 15,065 7,550 7,515
Married 11,910 5,975 5,940
Living common-law 3,160 1,580 1,580
Living common law - Never married 1,935 975 960
Living common law - Separated 245 130 115
Living common law - Divorced 835 410 420
Living common law - Widowed 145 60 85
Not married and not living common-law 11,550 5,505 6,040
Not married and not living common law - Never married 6,385 3,635 2,750
Not married and not living common law - Separated 995 460 535
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,875 825 1,045
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,290 580 1,710
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 9,055 ... ...
2 persons 5,880 ... ...
3 persons 1,675 ... ...
4 persons 1,060 ... ...
5 or more persons 445 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 9,060 ... ...
Total couple families 7,410 ... ...
Married couples 5,835 ... ...
With children6 1,935 ... ...
Without children 3,890 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,580 ... ...
With children6 650 ... ...
Without children 930 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,650 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,280 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 365 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 29,700 14,465 15,235
Total - Persons in census families 23,435 11,545 11,885
Married spouses or common-law partners 14,825 7,410 7,410
Parents in one-parent families 1,645 365 1,280
Children6 6,965 3,770 3,195
In a two-parent family 4,505 2,390 2,110
In a one-parent family 2,460 1,380 1,080
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,270 2,920 3,345
Living alone 4,775 2,185 2,585
Living with other relatives7 560 240 315
Living with non-relatives only 935 490 440
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 14,140 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 8,305 ... ...
Couple-family households 7,000 ... ...
With children6 2,420 ... ...
Without children 4,575 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,305 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 245 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 25 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 330 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 455 ... ...
One-person households 4,775 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 25,780 12,485 13,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 24,990 12,100 12,890
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 37,200 30,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,000 12,105 12,895
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,800 33,200 28,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 20,395 10,170 10,225
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 27,600 31,600 24,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,170 7,795 7,375
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,200 31,600 27,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 21,510 10,115 11,395
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,500 13,900 13,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,270 1,760 1,515
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,040 6,500 5,720
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 5,470 2,645 2,830
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 25,785 12,485 13,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 24,915 12,055 12,860
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,760 48,880 37,040
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 24,925 12,060 12,865
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 40,000 32,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 20,430 10,160 10,270
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,160 45,160 31,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,170 7,795 7,375
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,240 43,680 32,480
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 21,455 10,070 11,380
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,320 12,940 13,660
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,305 1,770 1,540
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,390 7,660 7,080
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 5,345 2,445 2,900
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,990 8,840 9,110
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 25,785 12,485 13,295
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 6,940 3,745 3,200
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 49,200 52,800 46,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 56,300 59,750 52,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 5,810 2,705 3,105
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,200 19,400 13,500
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,440 35,360 18,640
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 73.2 77.8 67.4
Employment income (%)19 54.4 57.8 50.3
Government transfers (%)20 26.8 22.1 32.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.3 2.3 2.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.5 4.4 6.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.5 3.7 5.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 25,785 12,485 13,300
Without total income 795 385 405
With total income 24,995 12,105 12,890
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,175 970 1,205
$10,000 to $19,999 3,900 1,565 2,335
$20,000 to $29,999 5,030 2,295 2,730
$30,000 to $39,999 3,675 1,680 1,995
$40,000 to $49,999 3,240 1,615 1,625
$50,000 to $59,999 2,200 1,190 1,010
$60,000 to $69,999 1,430 805 630
$70,000 to $79,999 980 565 410
$80,000 to $89,999 735 410 320
$90,000 to $99,999 510 275 235
$100,000 and over 1,120 730 395
$100,000 to $149,999 840 525 315
$150,000 and over 280 205 75
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 25,785 12,485 13,300
Without after-tax income 785 380 400
With after-tax income 24,995 12,105 12,895
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,285 995 1,290
$10,000 to $19,999 4,095 1,675 2,415
$20,000 to $29,999 5,780 2,645 3,130
$30,000 to $39,999 4,580 2,220 2,360
$40,000 to $49,999 3,325 1,740 1,580
$50,000 to $59,999 1,955 1,065 885
$60,000 to $69,999 1,235 690 550
$70,000 to $79,999 790 440 355
$80,000 to $89,999 385 245 135
$90,000 to $99,999 190 115 80
$100,000 and over 390 270 120
$100,000 to $124,999 190 140 55
$125,000 and over 195 130 65
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 25,785 12,485 13,300
Without employment income 10,610 4,690 5,920
With employment income 15,170 7,795 7,375
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,550 1,365 1,190
$5,000 to $9,999 1,310 570 740
$10,000 to $19,999 1,970 910 1,060
$20,000 to $29,999 1,900 920 985
$30,000 to $39,999 1,730 800 935
$40,000 to $49,999 1,610 820 785
$50,000 to $59,999 1,045 580 465
$60,000 to $69,999 820 485 335
$70,000 to $79,999 635 375 265
$80,000 to $89,999 515 280 235
$90,000 to $99,999 355 200 160
$100,000 and over 725 490 235
$100,000 to $124,999 455 285 170
$125,000 and over 270 205 65
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 25,780 12,485 13,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 24,595 11,935 12,665
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,200 35,600 27,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 24,630 11,935 12,695
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,600 32,000 25,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 20,385 10,185 10,200
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,600 32,800 24,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 15,475 7,950 7,525
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,800 33,200 27,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 19,715 9,085 10,630
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,600 10,800 10,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 3,015 1,570 1,445
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,960 6,700 5,280
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 25,785 12,485 13,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 24,515 11,845 12,675
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,920 46,080 34,120
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 24,555 11,845 12,715
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,640 37,960 29,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 20,380 10,130 10,250
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,480 44,160 30,880
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 15,465 7,930 7,540
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,680 42,960 32,080
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 19,625 9,035 10,590
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,920 10,920 10,930
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,885 1,545 1,330
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,480 7,460 7,510
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 25,785 12,485 13,295
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 6,870 3,725 3,145
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 46,400 50,000 43,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 53,250 56,950 48,920
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 5,530 2,605 2,915
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,800 23,000 17,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,960 35,840 22,820
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 78.0 82.0 73.2
Employment income (%) 59.6 62.4 56.0
Government transfers (%) 21.9 18.1 26.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.2 2.1 2.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 14,140 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 58,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 52,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 4,775 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 28,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 9,365 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 77,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 68,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 14,140 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 75,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 63,450 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,780 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,080 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 9,365 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 94,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 79,100 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 14,140 ... ...
Under $5,000 140 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 100 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 385 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 370 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,175 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 685 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 735 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 875 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 795 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 665 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,315 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,165 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 975 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 850 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 750 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,160 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,285 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 745 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 735 ... ...
$200,000 and over 400 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 14,140 ... ...
Under $5,000 150 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 105 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 385 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 390 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,230 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 815 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 890 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,010 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 905 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 775 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,435 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,360 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,100 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 885 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 625 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,080 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,025 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 560 ... ...
$150,000 and over 495 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 9,020 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 68,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 4,600 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 62,800 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 2,645 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 106,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,540 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 50,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 5,710 2,680 3,030
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 30,400 31,200 29,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 28,200 28,800 27,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 9,030 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 94,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 84,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 130,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 106,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,545 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 5,660 2,665 3,000
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 37,240 37,800 36,720
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 32,200 32,040 32,320
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 29,700 14,470 15,235
0 to 17 years 4,800 2,435 2,365
0 to 5 years 1,375 715 665
18 to 64 years 16,500 8,005 8,495
65 years and over 8,400 4,030 4,375
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,125 2,865 3,255
0 to 17 years 1,155 595 560
0 to 5 years 420 220 200
18 to 64 years 2,720 1,310 1,410
65 years and over 2,240 960 1,280
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.6 19.8 21.4
0 to 17 years (%) 24.2 24.5 23.8
0 to 5 years (%) 30.5 31.0 30.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.5 16.4 16.6
65 years and over (%) 26.7 23.8 29.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 29,700 14,465 15,235
0 to 17 years 4,795 2,430 2,365
0 to 5 years 1,380 715 665
18 to 64 years 16,500 8,005 8,495
65 years and over 8,405 4,030 4,375
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,325 705 620
0 to 17 years 240 125 110
0 to 5 years 90 50 40
18 to 64 years 970 525 445
65 years and over 120 55 60
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.5 4.9 4.1
0 to 17 years (%) 5.0 5.1 4.7
0 to 5 years (%) 6.5 6.6 6.4
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 6.5 5.2
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.4 1.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 29,700 14,465 15,235
In bottom half of the distribution 20,675 9,940 10,730
In bottom decile 4,895 2,310 2,590
In second decile 5,120 2,380 2,745
In third decile 3,990 1,935 2,055
In fourth decile 3,625 1,805 1,815
In fifth decile 3,035 1,505 1,530
In top half of the distribution 9,030 4,530 4,500
In sixth decile 2,680 1,330 1,350
In seventh decile 2,155 1,070 1,085
In eighth decile 1,960 985 975
In ninth decile 1,405 710 700
In top decile 830 435 395
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 29,700 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.327 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.499 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.282 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 29,765 14,505 15,260
English only 28,270 13,845 14,425
French only 0 0 0
English and French 1,435 630 800
Neither English nor French 60 35 25
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 29,765 14,505 15,260
English 29,430 14,335 15,090
French 265 130 135
English and French 25 10 10
Neither English nor French 50 30 25
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 29,765 14,505 15,260
Single responses 29,585 14,430 15,155
Official languages 28,995 14,145 14,850
English 28,700 14,000 14,695
French 300 150 155
Non-official languages 590 285 305
Indigenous languages39 5 5 5
Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 585 280 305
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 35 20 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 35 20 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 5 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 40 5 35
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 5 25
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 15 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 10 10 5
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 385 190 190
Albanian 5 0 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 45 20 25
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 45 20 25
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 0 0
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 5 10
Russian 10 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 215 110 105
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 135 65 70
German 130 60 70
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 70 45 30
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 55 35 25
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 5
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 70 35 30
Indo-Aryan languages 60 30 30
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 20 5 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 15 15
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 45 30 20
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 5
Portuguese 5 0 5
Romanian 5 0 5
Spanish 30 15 10
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0
Korean 45 25 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 5
American Sign Language 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 10 15
Chinese languages 30 15 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 5 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 15 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 180 75 105
English and French 110 45 65
English and non-official language(s) 65 25 40
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 5
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 29,765 14,505 15,260
English 29,000 14,150 14,850
French 15 5 10
Non-official language 165 85 80
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 165 85 80
English and French 185 85 105
English and non-official language(s) 370 175 195
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 5
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 29,765 14,505 15,260
Single responses 29,655 14,445 15,210
Official languages 29,370 14,305 15,065
English 29,335 14,290 15,045
French 35 15 20
Non-official languages 285 140 145
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 285 140 145
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 10 5
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 20 10 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 15 5 10
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 5
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 175 85 95
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 15 0 10
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 15 0 10
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 0
Russian 5 0 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 90 45 45
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 70 30 40
German 70 30 40
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 25 10 5
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 5 5 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 50 25 30
Indo-Aryan languages 45 25 20
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 15 10 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 15 15
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 0 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 20 15 5
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 10 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 5
Korean 35 20 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5
American Sign Language 15 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 10
Chinese languages 20 10 10
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 5 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 10 10 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 110 60 50
English and French 35 20 15
English and non-official language(s) 75 40 35
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 29,770 14,505 15,260
None 29,280 14,295 14,985
English 95 45 50
French 135 55 80
Non-official language 190 80 110
Indigenous39 5 0 5
Non-Indigenous 185 80 105
English and French 0 0 5
English and non-official language(s) 30 15 20
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 10
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 29,700 14,470 15,235
Official languages 29,635 14,430 15,210
English 29,635 14,430 15,210
French 1,425 635 790
Non-official languages 895 455 440
Indigenous languages39 40 20 20
Algonquian languages 30 10 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 860 435 425
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 45 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 70 45 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 65 45 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 40 0 35
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 0 35
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 10 10 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 10 10 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 560 295 265
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 55 15 40
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 55 15 40
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 25 0 25
Russian 20 0 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 295 160 140
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 230 125 100
German 230 125 100
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 10 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 70 45 25
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 60 35 20
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 0 10
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 95 60 35
Indo-Aryan languages 95 60 35
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 80 55 25
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 30 10
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 25 10 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 130 70 55
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 35 20 10
Portuguese 25 15 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 80 40 40
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 0 0
Korean 85 40 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 55 25 30
American Sign Language 35 10 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 25 10 15
Chinese languages 25 10 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 29,700 14,465 15,230
Indigenous identity45 805 365 440
Single Indigenous responses46 740 340 395
First Nations (North American Indian) 375 160 210
Métis 335 160 175
Inuk (Inuit) 30 20 15
Multiple Indigenous responses47 30 0 20
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 40 20 20
Non-Indigenous identity 28,895 14,105 14,790
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 29,700 14,465 15,230
Registered or Treaty Indian49 215 90 125
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 29,490 14,380 15,110
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 14,140 ... ...
Owner 10,655 ... ...
Renter 3,485 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 14,140 ... ...
Condominium 285 ... ...
Not condominium 13,850 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 14,140 ... ...
No bedrooms 20 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,545 ... ...
2 bedrooms 4,215 ... ...
3 bedrooms 5,680 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,680 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 14,140 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 3,000 ... ...
5 rooms 2,420 ... ...
6 rooms 2,645 ... ...
7 rooms 2,190 ... ...
8 or more rooms 3,880 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 14,140 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 14,070 ... ...
More than one person per room 65 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 14,140 ... ...
Suitable 13,780 ... ...
Not suitable 360 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 14,140 ... ...
1960 or before 5,740 ... ...
1961 to 1980 3,505 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,660 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,300 ... ...
2001 to 2005 590 ... ...
2006 to 2010 605 ... ...
2011 to 2015 400 ... ...
2016 to 202157 340 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 14,140 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 12,480 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,660 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 14,140 ... ...
One-maintainer household 8,105 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 5,775 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 260 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 14,140 ... ...
15 to 24 years 280 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,300 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,550 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,250 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,165 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,200 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,735 ... ...
85 years and over 660 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 13,945 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 11,955 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,985 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,780 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 14,140 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 3,620 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,660 ... ...
Not suitable only 275 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,300 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 30 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 305 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 55 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 10,520 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 13,730 ... ...
In core need 1,525 ... ...
Not in core need 12,205 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 10,465 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 45.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 7.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 628 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 779 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 150,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 185,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 3,480 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 18.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 30.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 730 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 748 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 29,705 14,470 15,230
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 280 120 165
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 270 115 155
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 230 100 130
Métis single ancestry 30 10 20
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 15 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 15 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 925 395 530
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 905 395 510
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 630 260 370
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 235 120 120
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 10 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 25 0 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 28,490 13,955 14,540
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 29,700 14,470 15,235
Canadian citizens77 29,300 14,255 15,045
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,725 2,425 2,300
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 24,570 11,825 12,745
Not Canadian citizens78 405 215 190
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 29,700 14,470 15,235
Non-immigrants80 28,635 13,930 14,710
Immigrants81 955 475 475
Before 1980 385 190 190
1980 to 1990 120 65 50
1991 to 2000 75 25 45
2001 to 2010 180 70 110
2011 to 202182 200 115 85
2011 to 2015 50 20 30
2016 to 2021 150 90 55
Non-permanent residents83 110 65 45
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 955 475 475
Under 5 years 115 60 55
5 to 14 years 195 120 70
15 to 24 years 160 60 100
25 to 44 years 380 185 195
45 years and over 110 50 60
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 955 475 475
Americas 225 105 125
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 175 80 95
Other places of birth in Americas 25 15 10
Europe 480 250 225
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 20 10 10
Germany 70 35 40
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 10 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 50 30 20
Poland 20 0 15
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 235 125 115
Other places of birth in Europe 55 45 15
Africa 25 0 15
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 10
Asia 230 120 105
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 20 10 10
Syria89 30 25 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 20 10 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 40 25 20
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 35 0 30
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 40 25 15
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 20 10 10
Oceania and other places of birth93 0 0 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 150 90 55
Americas 25 20 10
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 25 20 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 20 10 10
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 95 60 30
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 40 25 15
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 10 0 10
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 30 25 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 29,700 14,465 15,235
First generation100 1,200 600 600
Second generation101 1,630 820 815
Third generation or more102 26,865 13,045 13,820
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 570 280 285
Economic immigrants104 315 160 155
Principal applicants105 140 90 50
Secondary applicants106 175 75 100
Immigrants sponsored by family107 200 80 120
Refugees108 55 40 15
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 570 280 285
Asylum claim before admission111 30 15 10
Work permits only before admission112 135 75 60
Study permits only before admission113 45 20 30
Work and study permits before admission114 0 0 0
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 355 170 185
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 29,700 14,465 15,235
Total visible minority population118 830 380 450
South Asian 115 70 40
Chinese 80 40 45
Black 310 135 170
Filipino 45 10 40
Arab 65 40 25
Latin American 30 20 10
Southeast Asian 40 20 20
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 80 40 45
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 15 0 15
Multiple visible minorities 45 10 35
Not a visible minority120 28,875 14,085 14,790
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 29,700 14,470 15,235
Canadian 6,215 3,090 3,125
English 8,685 4,000 4,685
Irish 5,705 2,670 3,025
Scottish 7,955 3,870 4,080
French, n.o.s.122 3,345 1,550 1,795
German 1,895 940 955
Chinese 100 40 55
Italian 265 95 170
Indian (India) 85 45 50
Ukrainian 190 85 105
Dutch 710 335 380
Polish 235 130 110
Québécois 10 0 0
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,190 575 620
Filipino 55 10 45
French Canadian 160 80 80
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,145 1,010 1,135
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 330 135 195
Métis 295 140 155
European, n.o.s.126 1,380 680 700
Russian 65 35 30
Norwegian 130 60 75
Welsh 480 185 305
Portuguese 70 30 40
American 135 90 55
Spanish 70 30 40
Swedish 75 25 50
Hungarian 50 15 40
Acadian 1,275 600 670
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 125 50 75
Jewish 40 15 20
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 20 10 10
Arab, n.o.s.128 20 10 0
Greek 35 10 25
Jamaican 0 0 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 10 0 10
Cree, n.o.s.130 55 20 40
Korean 65 25 35
Romanian 25 10 10
Lebanese 60 25 30
Iranian 20 0 20
Christian, n.i.e.131 25 10 20
Danish 175 85 90
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 105 55 55
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 50 35 15
Belgian 65 35 30
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 40 25 10
Mexican 15 10 0
Mennonite 55 25 30
Swiss 95 60 35
Finnish 25 0 25
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 285 110 180
Northern European, n.o.s.135 125 65 60
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 35 10 15
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 35 25 10
Syrian 30 25 10
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 50 20 30
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 50 10 40
Newfoundlander 95 50 45
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 55 30 25
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 10 10 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 55 15 40
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 10 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 20 10 10
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 55 20 35
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 25 10 15
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 10 10 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 0 10
South African 30 0 25
Australian 25 0 20
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 770 365 405
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 45 25 20
New Brunswicker 65 40 30
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0