Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic CharlottetownMore information:
Prince Edward Island
[Population centre]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 52,390 ... ...
Population, 20161 48,054r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 9.0 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 24,116 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 22,617 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 910.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 57.56 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 52,390 25,180 27,205
0 to 14 years 7,630 3,905 3,725
0 to 4 years 2,195 1,130 1,065
5 to 9 years 2,550 1,320 1,230
10 to 14 years 2,885 1,455 1,435
15 to 64 years 34,230 16,755 17,475
15 to 19 years 2,925 1,495 1,435
20 to 24 years 5,045 2,675 2,370
25 to 29 years 3,890 2,040 1,855
30 to 34 years 3,325 1,610 1,715
35 to 39 years 3,145 1,520 1,630
40 to 44 years 3,155 1,425 1,725
45 to 49 years 3,205 1,525 1,680
50 to 54 years 3,145 1,490 1,660
55 to 59 years 3,290 1,565 1,725
60 to 64 years 3,095 1,420 1,685
65 years and over 10,530 4,520 6,005
65 to 69 years 3,080 1,440 1,645
70 to 74 years 2,825 1,275 1,545
75 to 79 years 1,870 805 1,070
80 to 84 years 1,330 535 795
85 years and over 1,425 475 960
85 to 89 years 830 305 530
90 to 94 years 435 135 300
95 to 99 years 145 30 115
100 years and over 20 5 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.5 13.7
15 to 64 years 65.3 66.5 64.2
65 years and over 20.1 18.0 22.1
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.5
Average age of the population 41.8 40.1 43.3
Median age of the population 40.4 38.0 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 22,615 ... ...
Single-detached house 10,730 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,020 ... ...
Row house 950 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 620 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,760 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 85 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 425 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 22,620 ... ...
1 person 7,445 ... ...
2 persons 7,795 ... ...
3 persons 3,385 ... ...
4 persons 2,665 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,330 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 51,085 24,635 26,450
Average household size 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 44,760 21,275 23,480
Married or living common-law 23,145 11,530 11,620
Married 18,885 9,410 9,480
Living common-law 4,265 2,120 2,140
Living common law - Never married 3,285 1,615 1,670
Living common law - Separated 160 95 70
Living common law - Divorced 725 380 340
Living common law - Widowed 95 35 55
Not married and not living common-law 21,610 9,750 11,860
Not married and not living common law - Never married 14,925 7,800 7,125
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,205 470 740
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,685 900 1,785
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,790 575 2,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 13,560 ... ...
2 persons 7,345 ... ...
3 persons 2,880 ... ...
4 persons 2,345 ... ...
5 or more persons 985 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 13,560 ... ...
Total couple families 11,205 ... ...
Married couples 9,080 ... ...
With children6 4,650 ... ...
Without children 4,425 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,130 ... ...
With children6 705 ... ...
Without children 1,425 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,355 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,870 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 485 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 51,085 24,635 26,450
Total - Persons in census families 37,995 18,625 19,370
Married spouses or common-law partners 22,410 11,170 11,240
Parents in one-parent families 2,355 485 1,870
Children6 13,225 6,970 6,255
In a two-parent family 9,745 5,100 4,650
In a one-parent family 3,480 1,875 1,610
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 13,095 6,015 7,080
Living alone 7,440 2,905 4,540
Living with other relatives7 1,125 470 650
Living with non-relatives only 4,525 2,635 1,890
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 22,620 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 12,365 ... ...
Couple-family households 10,405 ... ...
With children6 5,010 ... ...
Without children 5,400 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,960 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 85 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 595 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,840 ... ...
One-person households 7,445 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 43,470 20,735 22,735
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 41,595 19,780 21,815
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000 40,400 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 41,620 19,795 21,825
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,000 35,600 32,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 37,895 18,315 19,580
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,400 34,800 28,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,850 15,445 15,405
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,400 33,200 29,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,430 14,915 18,520
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,200 10,800 11,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,130 3,055 3,075
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,880 6,000 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,640 5,720 5,915
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 43,380 20,720 22,655
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 41,530 19,770 21,760
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,960 52,050 44,240
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 41,560 19,790 21,770
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,800 42,560 37,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 37,925 18,285 19,635
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,160 47,160 37,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,755 15,380 15,375
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,440 44,680 38,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 33,525 14,960 18,565
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,680 11,120 12,130
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 6,135 2,975 3,160
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,850 7,140 6,590
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,615 5,755 5,865
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,590 8,610 8,570
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 43,375 20,720 22,655
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,675 7,620 7,050
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,800 57,200 52,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,200 68,100 59,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 12,485 5,990 6,490
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 15,000 15,900 14,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,640 22,880 20,520
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 80.4 83.8 76.6
Employment income (%)19 64.0 66.8 61.0
Government transfers (%)20 19.7 16.2 23.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.1 2.1 2.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.9 5.5 6.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.0 4.8 5.2
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 43,470 20,735 22,730
Without total income 1,875 955 915
With total income 41,595 19,785 21,810
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,225 1,430 1,790
$10,000 to $19,999 4,625 1,980 2,640
$20,000 to $29,999 7,355 3,205 4,150
$30,000 to $39,999 6,660 3,150 3,515
$40,000 to $49,999 5,005 2,310 2,695
$50,000 to $59,999 4,085 1,900 2,180
$60,000 to $69,999 2,940 1,520 1,415
$70,000 to $79,999 2,065 1,110 955
$80,000 to $89,999 1,605 830 780
$90,000 to $99,999 1,165 535 630
$100,000 and over 2,870 1,810 1,060
$100,000 to $149,999 1,935 1,160 770
$150,000 and over 935 645 290
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 43,470 20,735 22,730
Without after-tax income 1,845 940 905
With after-tax income 41,620 19,795 21,830
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,455 1,500 1,955
$10,000 to $19,999 4,950 2,150 2,800
$20,000 to $29,999 8,940 4,020 4,920
$30,000 to $39,999 7,760 3,685 4,075
$40,000 to $49,999 5,620 2,600 3,015
$50,000 to $59,999 3,980 2,030 1,950
$60,000 to $69,999 2,560 1,305 1,250
$70,000 to $79,999 1,685 845 845
$80,000 to $89,999 885 485 400
$90,000 to $99,999 495 290 200
$100,000 and over 1,300 885 415
$100,000 to $124,999 630 410 225
$125,000 and over 665 470 190
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 43,470 20,735 22,730
Without employment income 12,615 5,290 7,325
With employment income 30,855 15,450 15,405
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,015 1,835 2,185
$5,000 to $9,999 2,945 1,330 1,615
$10,000 to $19,999 4,480 2,220 2,260
$20,000 to $29,999 3,485 1,775 1,705
$30,000 to $39,999 3,315 1,640 1,675
$40,000 to $49,999 2,815 1,395 1,420
$50,000 to $59,999 2,435 1,195 1,245
$60,000 to $69,999 1,815 990 825
$70,000 to $79,999 1,410 745 660
$80,000 to $89,999 1,205 565 640
$90,000 to $99,999 910 445 470
$100,000 and over 2,025 1,320 705
$100,000 to $124,999 970 590 380
$125,000 and over 1,055 725 330
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 43,470 20,735 22,735
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 40,770 19,370 21,400
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 38,000 32,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 40,795 19,375 21,425
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,400 33,200 29,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 37,425 18,060 19,365
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,000 34,400 28,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,995 15,490 15,505
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,200 32,000 28,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 29,530 12,820 16,710
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,100 6,040 7,650
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 5,210 2,670 2,540
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,160 6,750 5,600
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 43,380 20,720 22,655
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,705 19,380 21,325
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,880 49,040 41,040
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,730 19,380 21,350
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 40,120 34,560
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 37,350 18,050 19,300
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,920 46,880 37,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,870 15,460 15,410
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,920 44,200 37,640
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,410 12,780 16,630
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,880 8,180 9,420
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,045 2,475 2,565
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,470 7,550 7,400
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 43,375 20,720 22,655
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,535 7,565 6,965
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 51,600 54,000 49,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,250 64,100 56,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 11,715 5,670 6,040
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,800 18,200 17,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,560 27,200 24,020
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 85.6 89.0 82.2
Employment income (%) 69.2 71.8 66.2
Government transfers (%) 14.3 11.0 17.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.1 2.0 2.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 22,620 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 70,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 61,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 7,445 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 15,175 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 22,625 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,450 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,880 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 15,175 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 109,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 22,620 ... ...
Under $5,000 320 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 165 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 510 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,245 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 905 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 945 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 970 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,040 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 960 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,985 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,795 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,570 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,435 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,275 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,125 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,395 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,625 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,775 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,330 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 22,620 ... ...
Under $5,000 345 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,380 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,125 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,125 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,225 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,250 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,160 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,255 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,990 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,745 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,510 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,240 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,160 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,245 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,275 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,640 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 13,680 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 5,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,385 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 123,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,240 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 11,970 5,540 6,430
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 33,200 33,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,600 30,400 30,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 13,705 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,555 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 102,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 83,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,320 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 139,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 112,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,300 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,350 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 11,910 5,490 6,425
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 39,960 39,560 40,320
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,200 33,720 34,640
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 51,085 24,640 26,445
0 to 17 years 9,295 4,760 4,535
0 to 5 years 2,630 1,350 1,275
18 to 64 years 32,215 15,675 16,535
65 years and over 9,580 4,200 5,380
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,900 3,575 4,325
0 to 17 years 1,770 945 825
0 to 5 years 485 260 225
18 to 64 years 4,530 2,075 2,455
65 years and over 1,600 560 1,045
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.5 16.3
0 to 17 years (%) 19.1 19.8 18.3
0 to 5 years (%) 18.5 19.2 17.6
18 to 64 years (%) 14.1 13.2 14.8
65 years and over (%) 16.7 13.3 19.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 51,085 24,635 26,450
0 to 17 years 9,295 4,760 4,535
0 to 5 years 2,630 1,355 1,280
18 to 64 years 32,210 15,675 16,535
65 years and over 9,580 4,200 5,375
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,615 1,780 1,835
0 to 17 years 680 360 320
0 to 5 years 180 100 85
18 to 64 years 2,770 1,345 1,420
65 years and over 165 70 90
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.1 7.2 6.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.3 7.6 7.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.8 7.2 6.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.7 1.7
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 51,085 24,640 26,450
In bottom half of the distribution 30,900 14,710 16,190
In bottom decile 7,630 3,620 4,000
In second decile 6,850 3,230 3,620
In third decile 5,910 2,795 3,115
In fourth decile 5,415 2,565 2,850
In fifth decile 5,105 2,490 2,610
In top half of the distribution 20,185 9,930 10,260
In sixth decile 4,860 2,385 2,480
In seventh decile 4,560 2,190 2,370
In eighth decile 4,120 2,045 2,075
In ninth decile 3,530 1,735 1,795
In top decile 3,115 1,575 1,545
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 51,085 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.337 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.449 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.295 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 51,345 24,805 26,540
English only 43,540 21,490 22,050
French only 45 20 25
English and French 7,130 2,985 4,145
Neither English nor French 635 310 320
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 51,345 24,805 26,540
English 49,520 23,965 25,560
French 975 445 530
English and French 245 110 135
Neither English nor French 610 295 315
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 51,345 24,805 26,540
Single responses 50,040 24,140 25,900
Official languages 42,115 20,005 22,110
English 41,155 19,575 21,580
French 960 430 530
Non-official languages 7,925 4,135 3,790
Indigenous languages39 10 0 5
Algonquian languages 10 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 5
Mi'kmaq 10 0 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 7,915 4,130 3,785
Afro-Asiatic languages 845 465 385
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 70 30 35
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 70 30 35
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 775 430 350
Amharic 5 5 5
Arabic 760 415 340
Aramaic languages 10 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 510 240 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5
Vietnamese 505 240 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 300 130 170
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Cebuano 20 5 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 5 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 250 110 145
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 35 10 20
Haitian Creole 5 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Dravidian languages 405 240 160
Kannada 10 5 5
Malayalam 335 200 130
Tamil 20 15 5
Telugu 40 25 20
Tulu 0 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,080 1,715 1,365
Albanian 100 55 50
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 315 140 175
Baltic languages 5 5 0
Latvian 5 5 0
Lithuanian 5 5 0
Slavic languages 310 135 175
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 5
Czech 10 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 10 15
Russian 185 75 105
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20
Bosnian 20 10 10
Croatian 10 5 5
Serbian 15 5 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5
Ukrainian 35 15 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 5 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 205 105 100
Frisian 5 5 0
High German languages 80 50 40
German 75 40 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 100 45 55
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 80 35 45
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 20 10 10
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,975 1,180 795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,780 1,075 700
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 115 75 40
Gujarati 255 185 65
Hindi 200 120 80
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 180 85 95
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 880 530 355
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 25
Urdu 65 35 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Iranian languages 195 105 90
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 5
Persian languages 190 105 90
Dari 10 5 5
Iranian Persian 165 85 80
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20 10 10
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 470 230 235
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 15 5
Portuguese 100 50 55
Romanian 30 15 15
Spanish 320 160 165
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 65 10 60
Korean 100 50 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 110 60 50
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 0
Gikuyu 10 0 5
Igbo 5 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 20 10 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 15 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 5 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0
American Sign Language 0 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,345 1,155 1,190
Chinese languages 2,285 1,120 1,165
Hakka 5 5 0
Mandarin 1,985 960 1,025
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10
Yue (Cantonese) 220 110 110
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 35 30
Burmese 15 5 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 40 25 20
S'gaw Karen 40 25 15
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60 30 30
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 55 30 30
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 10 20
Estonian 10 5 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 25 10 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Multiple responses 1,305 665 640
English and French 310 130 190
English and non-official language(s) 845 465 385
French and non-official language(s) 30 10 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 30 10 15
Multiple non-official languages 95 50 45
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 51,345 24,805 26,540
English 41,860 19,970 21,890
French 260 120 140
Non-official language 3,160 1,660 1,505
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 3,160 1,660 1,505
English and French 835 345 490
English and non-official language(s) 4,785 2,495 2,290
French and non-official language(s) 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 235 110 125
Multiple non-official languages 185 95 90
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 51,345 24,805 26,540
Single responses 50,080 24,160 25,920
Official languages 44,465 21,220 23,245
English 44,070 21,055 23,020
French 395 170 220
Non-official languages 5,610 2,935 2,675
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,610 2,935 2,675
Afro-Asiatic languages 580 305 280
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 20 25
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 45 20 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 530 280 250
Amharic 5 0 0
Arabic 520 275 240
Aramaic languages 5 0 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 500 250 245
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 495 250 245
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 165 75 85
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 10 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 70 75
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 20 10 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 0 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 295 175 125
Kannada 10 5 5
Malayalam 250 145 105
Tamil 15 10 10
Telugu 20 10 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,870 1,035 830
Albanian 65 35 30
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 190 85 105
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 185 85 100
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 5 5
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 130 60 75
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10
Bosnian 5 5 5
Croatian 5 5 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0
Ukrainian 25 15 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 35 20 15
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 10 5 5
German 5 5 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 20 10 5
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 15 10 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 0 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,330 775 555
Indo-Aryan languages 1,195 710 480
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 75 50 25
Gujarati 175 130 45
Hindi 105 65 45
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 0 0
Nepali 120 60 65
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 650 375 275
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
Urdu 25 15 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Iranian languages 135 65 70
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 130 60 65
Dari 5 5 5
Iranian Persian 110 50 60
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 5 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 245 120 125
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 5
Portuguese 55 25 30
Romanian 15 5 5
Spanish 175 85 90
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 5 15
Korean 70 35 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 0 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,980 985 995
Chinese languages 1,945 965 980
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,740 865 875
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10
Yue (Cantonese) 165 80 80
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 20 20
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 25 15 15
S'gaw Karen 25 15 15
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 55 25 30
Azerbaijani 5 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 50 20 25
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 10 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,270 645 625
English and French 155 60 95
English and non-official language(s) 1,065 560 505
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 15 15
Multiple non-official languages 15 10 10
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 51,345 24,805 26,540
None 46,305 22,260 24,050
English 2,025 1,020 1,000
French 625 275 350
Non-official language 1,695 870 820
Indigenous39 15 5 10
Non-Indigenous 1,675 860 810
English and French 35 10 20
English and non-official language(s) 340 200 140
French and non-official language(s) 105 50 60
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 215 115 95
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 51,005 24,610 26,400
Official languages 50,445 24,345 26,100
English 50,405 24,320 26,080
French 7,225 3,110 4,115
Non-official languages 10,175 5,290 4,880
Indigenous languages39 40 30 10
Algonquian languages 40 30 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 25 10
Mi'kmaq 35 25 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 10,140 5,270 4,870
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,125 635 490
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 20 0 10
Hausa 20 0 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 60 40 20
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 60 40 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,070 605 465
Amharic 10 10 0
Arabic 1,025 575 450
Aramaic languages 40 25 15
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 40 25 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 40 20 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 630 290 340
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 630 290 340
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 455 180 275
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 10
Ilocano 10 0 0
Indonesian 15 10 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 15 0 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 435 170 265
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Creole languages 135 60 70
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 60 30 30
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 50 15 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Dravidian languages 610 335 275
Kannada 30 15 15
Malayalam 505 275 230
Tamil 125 55 65
Telugu 45 30 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,390 2,355 2,035
Albanian 140 75 65
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 390 195 195
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 385 195 195
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 35 10 25
Czech 45 25 20
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 50 25 25
Russian 215 115 100
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 60 35 30
Bosnian 45 25 20
Croatian 25 10 15
Serbian 15 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 0
Ukrainian 45 20 25
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 15 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 400 185 220
Frisian 10 10 0
High German languages 250 125 125
German 240 120 120
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 15 10
Yiddish 10 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 115 50 60
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 105 50 60
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 50 15 40
Danish 35 15 25
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 0 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 20 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages 2,485 1,510 975
Indo-Aryan languages 2,235 1,380 855
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 190 145 45
Gujarati 290 225 65
Hindi 1,235 785 445
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 35 25 10
Nepali 165 75 90
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 930 575 355
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35
Urdu 150 80 70
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 60 45 15
Iranian languages 250 130 120
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 250 130 120
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 220 120 100
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,040 455 585
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 115 70 45
Portuguese 190 70 115
Romanian 40 15 25
Spanish 770 340 430
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0
Japanese 215 85 135
Korean 75 35 40
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 270 185 90
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 10 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 30 20 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 35 15
Lingala 20 10 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 40 30 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 80 55 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 10
American Sign Language 25 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,595 1,290 1,305
Chinese languages 2,530 1,260 1,270
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,425 1,200 1,225
Min Dong 10 0 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 270 160 110
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 35 30
Burmese 30 15 15
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 40 20 20
S'gaw Karen 40 20 20
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 85 35 50
Azerbaijani 20 15 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 70 25 45
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 45 10 35
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 25 10 20
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 51,010 24,610 26,400
Indigenous identity45 960 475 490
Single Indigenous responses46 905 450 455
First Nations (North American Indian) 630 315 310
Métis 225 100 125
Inuk (Inuit) 55 35 20
Multiple Indigenous responses47 0 0 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 50 25 30
Non-Indigenous identity 50,045 24,135 25,910
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 51,010 24,610 26,400
Registered or Treaty Indian49 345 170 175
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 50,665 24,440 26,225
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 22,625 ... ...
Owner 11,525 ... ...
Renter 11,100 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 22,625 ... ...
Condominium 1,220 ... ...
Not condominium 21,410 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 22,625 ... ...
No bedrooms 130 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,195 ... ...
2 bedrooms 7,430 ... ...
3 bedrooms 6,915 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 4,960 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 22,625 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,095 ... ...
5 rooms 3,710 ... ...
6 rooms 3,075 ... ...
7 rooms 2,295 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,450 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.8 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 22,625 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 22,275 ... ...
More than one person per room 350 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 22,625 ... ...
Suitable 21,650 ... ...
Not suitable 975 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 22,625 ... ...
1960 or before 3,840 ... ...
1961 to 1980 6,260 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,970 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,655 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,485 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,825 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,730 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,855 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 22,625 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 21,485 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,135 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 22,625 ... ...
One-maintainer household 11,875 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 9,585 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,165 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 22,625 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,590 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,315 ... ...
35 to 44 years 3,580 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,665 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,945 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,780 ... ...
75 to 84 years 2,100 ... ...
85 years and over 640 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 22,515 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 17,545 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 4,965 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,495 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 22,625 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 6,565 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,510 ... ...
Not suitable only 770 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 785 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 150 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 305 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 45 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 16,055 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 22,040 ... ...
In core need 1,700 ... ...
Not in core need 20,340 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 11,525 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 2.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,180 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,292 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 348,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 384,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 11,095 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 13.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,000 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,086 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 51,005 24,610 26,395
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 385 195 190
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 385 195 190
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 310 155 160
Métis single ancestry 60 35 30
Inuit single ancestry 10 10 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,065 465 595
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,050 460 590
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 815 355 460
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 175 75 100
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 65 30 30
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 15 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 49,565 23,945 25,615
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 51,005 24,605 26,395
Canadian citizens77 42,895 20,220 22,675
Canadian citizens aged under 18 7,865 3,915 3,950
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 35,030 16,305 18,730
Not Canadian citizens78 8,115 4,390 3,725
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 51,005 24,605 26,395
Non-immigrants80 40,325 19,040 21,290
Immigrants81 6,870 3,420 3,455
Before 1980 665 280 385
1980 to 1990 230 130 105
1991 to 2000 345 135 210
2001 to 2010 990 495 500
2011 to 202182 4,640 2,375 2,260
2011 to 2015 1,080 515 570
2016 to 2021 3,555 1,860 1,695
Non-permanent residents83 3,805 2,150 1,655
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 6,870 3,415 3,455
Under 5 years 540 300 245
5 to 14 years 1,470 805 660
15 to 24 years 1,025 515 510
25 to 44 years 2,945 1,305 1,640
45 years and over 895 495 400
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 6,870 3,415 3,455
Americas 810 400 405
Brazil 45 25 25
Colombia 40 10 30
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 120 55 60
Mexico 30 10 25
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 0
United States of America 420 205 215
Other places of birth in Americas 115 80 35
Europe 1,140 530 615
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 25 30
Croatia 0 0 0
France 55 25 30
Germany 50 25 30
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 20 10 10
Italy 35 20 20
Netherlands 55 25 25
Poland 20 15 0
Portugal 15 10 10
Romania 15 0 15
Russian Federation 70 25 40
Serbia86 10 0 10
Ukraine 40 25 20
United Kingdom87 410 185 230
Other places of birth in Europe 280 135 145
Africa 375 195 180
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 50 20 25
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 20 15 0
Nigeria 100 45 55
Somalia 25 15 10
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 15
Other places of birth in Africa 150 90 55
Asia 4,500 2,270 2,230
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 155 90 70
Iraq 55 35 20
Lebanon 115 75 40
Syria89 390 205 185
Turkey 15 10 10
China90 1,455 725 735
Hong Kong91 90 65 25
Korea, South92 35 0 30
Taiwan 90 40 50
Philippines 345 135 205
Viet Nam 470 230 245
Bangladesh 90 55 35
India 665 360 300
Pakistan 65 35 35
Sri Lanka 55 25 25
Other places of birth in Asia 395 175 220
Oceania and other places of birth93 45 15 25
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 3,555 1,865 1,695
Americas 315 155 160
Brazil 35 15 15
Colombia 35 15 25
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 110 45 60
Mexico 20 10 10
United States of America 60 25 35
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 55 45 10
Europe 250 120 130
France 35 25 10
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 20 0 10
Russian Federation 35 10 25
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 60 25 35
Other places of birth in Europe 65 35 35
Africa 210 105 100
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 25 15 15
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 85 40 45
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 50 30 15
Asia 2,765 1,470 1,290
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 50 25 20
China90 1,040 540 500
Hong Kong91 55 35 20
India 535 300 235
Iran88 10 0 10
Iraq 40 25 15
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 10 10 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 20 20 0
Nepal 20 10 10
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 140 70 70
Saudi Arabia 15 10 10
Sri Lanka 25 10 10
Syria89 210 120 90
Turkey 10 0 10
United Arab Emirates 30 10 25
Viet Nam 440 220 225
Other places of birth in Asia 85 45 40
Oceania and other93 25 10 10
Australia 20 10 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 51,005 24,610 26,400
First generation100 11,095 5,775 5,320
Second generation101 4,015 1,910 2,095
Third generation or more102 35,900 16,920 18,975
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 6,205 3,135 3,070
Economic immigrants104 4,745 2,445 2,300
Principal applicants105 1,895 1,035 865
Secondary applicants106 2,850 1,415 1,435
Immigrants sponsored by family107 595 255 345
Refugees108 830 410 410
Other immigrants109 40 25 15
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 6,205 3,135 3,070
Asylum claim before admission111 25 15 10
Work permits only before admission112 715 350 365
Study permits only before admission113 275 135 140
Work and study permits before admission114 645 355 290
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 4,550 2,290 2,260
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 51,010 24,610 26,400
Total visible minority population118 10,055 5,355 4,700
South Asian 2,790 1,720 1,075
Chinese 2,580 1,285 1,290
Black 1,380 755 625
Filipino 490 190 300
Arab 955 515 440
Latin American 350 175 175
Southeast Asian 830 370 460
West Asian 275 150 125
Korean 85 45 45
Japanese 130 30 105
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 100 60 45
Multiple visible minorities 85 65 30
Not a visible minority120 40,945 19,255 21,690
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 51,005 24,610 26,395
Canadian 6,505 3,160 3,340
English 11,040 5,110 5,925
Irish 13,960 6,360 7,600
Scottish 16,110 7,290 8,820
French, n.o.s.122 5,735 2,655 3,080
German 2,190 985 1,205
Chinese 2,365 1,180 1,185
Italian 645 305 340
Indian (India) 1,670 1,065 605
Ukrainian 445 220 230
Dutch 1,175 500 675
Polish 460 190 270
Québécois 65 40 25
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,070 490 580
Filipino 395 155 240
French Canadian 320 130 195
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,940 890 1,050
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 420 175 240
Métis 250 115 135
European, n.o.s.126 865 410 455
Russian 290 135 155
Norwegian 225 100 120
Welsh 840 450 390
Portuguese 165 80 80
American 350 155 190
Spanish 255 145 110
Swedish 130 60 70
Hungarian 130 75 55
Acadian 2,085 965 1,120
Pakistani 100 60 35
African, n.o.s.127 365 175 190
Jewish 145 70 75
Punjabi 225 100 125
Vietnamese 575 255 325
Arab, n.o.s.128 420 240 185
Greek 105 55 50
Jamaican 255 140 115
Asian, n.o.s.129 255 135 120
Cree, n.o.s.130 20 15 10
Korean 105 55 50
Romanian 60 15 45
Lebanese 480 220 260
Iranian 170 90 80
Christian, n.i.e.131 225 95 130
Danish 280 145 135
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 215 100 110
Sikh 160 90 70
Austrian 70 40 30
Belgian 65 25 40
Haitian 20 10 10
Hindu 250 160 90
Mexican 145 90 60
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 105 35 70
Finnish 35 10 30
Sri Lankan 80 45 35
Croatian 40 10 35
Japanese 155 40 115
South Asian, n.o.s.133 145 80 60
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 365 150 210
Northern European, n.o.s.135 120 55 65
Muslim 40 15 25
Egyptian 35 20 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 60 20 40
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 75 55 25
Colombian 60 15 40
Moroccan 20 20 0
Czech 60 25 35
Syrian 315 150 165
Guyanese 40 30 10
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 125 75 60
Serbian 30 20 10
Ojibway 20 0 15
Newfoundlander 115 80 40
Hong Konger 105 65 40
Ontarian 45 15 30
Persian 60 35 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 10 0 10
Turkish 25 15 15
Inuit, n.o.s.138 75 40 30
Bangladeshi 110 85 25
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 130 50 80
Nigerian 145 65 80
Armenian 10 10 0
Slovak 20 0 10
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 45 25 20
Somali 60 40 20
Taiwanese 115 45 65
Iraqi 25 15 15
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 25 15 10
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 110 60 50
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 40 30 15
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 55 25 30
Algonquin 10 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 20 0 20
Lithuanian 10 10 0
South African 30 20 10
Australian 65 40 30
Palestinian 70 45 25
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 95 40 55
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 25 15 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 105 60 45
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 60 30 30
Maltese 35 25 10
Macedonian 20 10 10
Slovenian 20 10 10
Western European, n.o.s.145 65 15 45
New Brunswicker 45 30 15
Gujarati 25 20 0