Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Central NovaMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 73,188 ... ...
Population, 20161 71,962 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 1.7 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 38,290 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 32,904 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 7.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 9,280.95 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 73,190 35,570 37,615
0 to 14 years 10,120 5,235 4,890
0 to 4 years 2,810 1,455 1,350
5 to 9 years 3,450 1,765 1,685
10 to 14 years 3,865 2,010 1,845
15 to 64 years 43,960 21,490 22,465
15 to 19 years 3,770 1,965 1,805
20 to 24 years 3,665 1,890 1,770
25 to 29 years 3,255 1,655 1,605
30 to 34 years 3,440 1,710 1,730
35 to 39 years 3,680 1,715 1,970
40 to 44 years 4,075 2,000 2,075
45 to 49 years 4,445 2,080 2,360
50 to 54 years 4,930 2,335 2,590
55 to 59 years 6,110 2,960 3,150
60 to 64 years 6,590 3,180 3,410
65 years and over 19,110 8,845 10,265
65 to 69 years 6,025 2,895 3,135
70 to 74 years 5,405 2,550 2,855
75 to 79 years 3,485 1,725 1,755
80 to 84 years 2,145 960 1,185
85 years and over 2,060 720 1,340
85 to 89 years 1,230 475 760
90 to 94 years 640 210 430
95 to 99 years 160 35 125
100 years and over 30 5 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.8 14.7 13.0
15 to 64 years 60.1 60.4 59.7
65 years and over 26.1 24.9 27.3
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.6
Average age of the population 46.5 45.4 47.5
Median age of the population 50.0 48.8 51.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 32,905 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,930 ... ...
Semi-detached house 935 ... ...
Row house 740 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 890 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,140 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 45 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 2,175 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 32,905 ... ...
1 person 10,580 ... ...
2 persons 12,935 ... ...
3 persons 4,420 ... ...
4 persons 3,270 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,700 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 72,000 35,130 36,865
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 63,065 30,340 32,730
Married or living common-law 36,375 18,140 18,235
Married 29,295 14,620 14,670
Living common-law 7,075 3,520 3,560
Living common law - Never married 4,605 2,295 2,305
Living common law - Separated 465 240 230
Living common law - Divorced 1,770 900 875
Living common law - Widowed 230 85 145
Not married and not living common-law 26,695 12,200 14,500
Not married and not living common law - Never married 15,670 8,470 7,200
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,055 890 1,160
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,125 1,770 2,360
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 4,845 1,070 3,775
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 21,630 ... ...
2 persons 13,175 ... ...
3 persons 4,185 ... ...
4 persons 2,970 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,305 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 21,630 ... ...
Total couple families 17,870 ... ...
Married couples 14,330 ... ...
With children6 5,590 ... ...
Without children 8,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,535 ... ...
With children6 1,370 ... ...
Without children 2,170 ... ...
Total one-parent families 3,765 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,965 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 795 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 71,995 35,135 36,865
Total - Persons in census families 57,770 28,595 29,175
Married spouses or common-law partners 35,735 17,810 17,925
Parents in one-parent families 3,765 795 2,970
Children6 18,270 9,985 8,285
In a two-parent family 12,460 6,730 5,730
In a one-parent family 5,815 3,250 2,560
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,230 6,540 7,690
Living alone 10,580 4,755 5,825
Living with other relatives7 1,365 590 775
Living with non-relatives only 2,285 1,200 1,085
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 32,905 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 19,820 ... ...
Couple-family households 16,795 ... ...
With children6 6,520 ... ...
Without children 10,275 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,025 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 620 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 110 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 690 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,090 ... ...
One-person households 10,580 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 61,885 29,900 31,985
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 59,930 28,915 31,015
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 41,600 32,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 59,975 28,950 31,030
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 36,800 29,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 51,040 25,160 25,880
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,800 35,600 25,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 39,390 20,230 19,155
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,400 34,400 27,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 50,355 23,375 26,980
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,100 13,800 12,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,265 5,230 4,035
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,650 7,450 6,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,640 7,075 7,565
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 61,790 29,845 31,945
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 59,850 28,720 31,125
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,880 51,160 39,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 59,900 28,760 31,140
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,480 41,680 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 50,945 24,985 25,960
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,760 46,560 33,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 39,285 20,050 19,240
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200 43,800 34,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 50,530 23,225 27,305
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,060 13,180 12,980
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,320 5,215 4,105
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,440 8,980 7,770
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,770 7,055 7,715
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,740 8,650 8,820
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 61,795 29,845 31,950
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 17,050 8,870 8,180
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 55,200 60,400 49,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 62,650 68,000 56,850
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 16,470 8,015 8,450
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,400 19,200 14,300
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,140 28,920 19,620
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 75.4 79.2 70.8
Employment income (%)19 57.3 59.7 54.4
Government transfers (%)20 24.6 20.8 29.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.9 3.2 2.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.7 4.8 6.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.8 4.2 5.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 61,885 29,905 31,985
Without total income 1,960 990 975
With total income 59,925 28,910 31,010
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,970 2,100 2,870
$10,000 to $19,999 8,125 3,105 5,025
$20,000 to $29,999 11,095 4,780 6,320
$30,000 to $39,999 8,465 3,810 4,655
$40,000 to $49,999 7,735 3,645 4,085
$50,000 to $59,999 5,690 2,985 2,710
$60,000 to $69,999 3,870 2,275 1,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,790 1,710 1,080
$80,000 to $89,999 2,130 1,220 905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,515 845 670
$100,000 and over 3,540 2,440 1,100
$100,000 to $149,999 2,595 1,740 860
$150,000 and over 940 700 245
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 61,885 29,905 31,985
Without after-tax income 1,910 955 955
With after-tax income 59,975 28,945 31,030
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,285 2,195 3,090
$10,000 to $19,999 8,560 3,335 5,225
$20,000 to $29,999 12,985 5,655 7,330
$30,000 to $39,999 10,590 4,945 5,650
$40,000 to $49,999 8,465 4,310 4,155
$50,000 to $59,999 5,380 3,160 2,220
$60,000 to $69,999 3,380 1,945 1,430
$70,000 to $79,999 2,200 1,255 945
$80,000 to $89,999 1,130 725 405
$90,000 to $99,999 660 460 200
$100,000 and over 1,335 965 375
$100,000 to $124,999 720 505 210
$125,000 and over 620 455 160
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 61,885 29,905 31,985
Without employment income 22,500 9,670 12,825
With employment income 39,385 20,230 19,160
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,560 3,440 3,125
$5,000 to $9,999 3,425 1,480 1,945
$10,000 to $19,999 5,225 2,410 2,810
$20,000 to $29,999 4,270 2,010 2,265
$30,000 to $39,999 3,995 1,785 2,205
$40,000 to $49,999 3,840 1,820 2,025
$50,000 to $59,999 2,965 1,680 1,285
$60,000 to $69,999 2,330 1,435 895
$70,000 to $79,999 1,800 1,065 730
$80,000 to $89,999 1,480 820 665
$90,000 to $99,999 1,200 670 535
$100,000 and over 2,295 1,625 670
$100,000 to $124,999 1,200 800 405
$125,000 and over 1,090 825 265
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 61,885 29,900 31,985
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 58,890 28,365 30,525
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,400 41,200 29,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 58,970 28,375 30,590
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,200 36,000 27,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 50,970 25,075 25,895
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,800 37,200 25,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 40,145 20,530 19,610
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,400 36,800 27,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 45,385 20,490 24,895
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,200 10,900 9,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 8,555 4,815 3,735
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,200 8,000 6,280
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 61,790 29,845 31,945
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 58,965 28,285 30,690
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,320 50,800 36,440
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 59,025 28,300 30,725
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,040 41,240 31,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 50,990 25,005 25,975
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,680 48,560 33,080
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,180 20,460 19,720
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,960 45,760 33,960
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 45,300 20,240 25,050
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,620 11,000 10,310
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 8,540 4,735 3,810
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,570 9,090 7,910
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 61,795 29,845 31,950
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 16,950 8,795 8,150
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 51,600 58,000 45,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 58,800 65,000 52,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 15,715 7,675 8,040
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,000 26,000 18,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,520 37,920 23,440
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 81.2 84.6 76.8
Employment income (%) 62.8 65.2 59.9
Government transfers (%) 18.8 15.5 23.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.9 3.0 2.7
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 32,905 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 66,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 58,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 10,580 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 22,320 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 32,890 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 81,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 68,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,675 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,520 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,720 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 22,220 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,900 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 32,905 ... ...
Under $5,000 310 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 185 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 750 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 590 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,290 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,465 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,445 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,610 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,590 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,550 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,905 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,340 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,990 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,825 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,420 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,505 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,280 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,280 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,360 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 32,905 ... ...
Under $5,000 335 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 185 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 760 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 650 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,445 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,770 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,925 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,880 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,775 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,440 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,050 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,615 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,255 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,785 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,585 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,660 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 21,525 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 10,345 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 67,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 7,085 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 119,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,530 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,400 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 12,865 5,955 6,910
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,000 34,400 30,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,400 30,800 28,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 21,450 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,280 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,070 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 132,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 108,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,495 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 12,935 6,015 6,920
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 40,520 43,400 38,040
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,280 35,600 33,120
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 72,000 35,135 36,865
0 to 17 years 12,345 6,435 5,905
0 to 5 years 3,435 1,765 1,670
18 to 64 years 41,455 20,130 21,330
65 years and over 18,195 8,570 9,630
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,340 5,180 6,160
0 to 17 years 2,095 1,125 970
0 to 5 years 745 430 320
18 to 64 years 5,395 2,520 2,870
65 years and over 3,855 1,530 2,325
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.8 14.7 16.7
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.5 16.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.8 24.3 19.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.5 13.5
65 years and over (%) 21.2 17.9 24.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 71,520 34,885 36,630
0 to 17 years 12,225 6,380 5,840
0 to 5 years 3,395 1,740 1,650
18 to 64 years 41,125 19,950 21,175
65 years and over 18,170 8,555 9,615
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,600 1,345 1,260
0 to 17 years 410 210 195
0 to 5 years 125 70 55
18 to 64 years 2,010 1,060 950
65 years and over 185 75 110
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.6 3.9 3.4
0 to 17 years (%) 3.3 3.3 3.4
0 to 5 years (%) 3.7 4.0 3.4
18 to 64 years (%) 4.9 5.3 4.5
65 years and over (%) 1.0 0.8 1.2
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 72,000 35,135 36,865
In bottom half of the distribution 45,305 21,575 23,720
In bottom decile 9,365 4,305 5,055
In second decile 10,350 4,785 5,565
In third decile 9,130 4,375 4,755
In fourth decile 8,675 4,280 4,400
In fifth decile 7,780 3,835 3,945
In top half of the distribution 26,700 13,555 13,140
In sixth decile 7,195 3,625 3,565
In seventh decile 6,460 3,250 3,210
In eighth decile 5,795 2,960 2,835
In ninth decile 4,375 2,220 2,145
In top decile 2,875 1,490 1,385
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 71,995 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.317 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.464 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.274 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 72,205 35,200 36,995
English only 67,960 33,465 34,500
French only 5 5 5
English and French 4,165 1,710 2,460
Neither English nor French 65 35 35
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 72,205 35,200 36,995
English 71,350 34,810 36,540
French 740 330 405
English and French 50 35 20
Neither English nor French 60 30 35
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 72,205 35,200 36,995
Single responses 71,590 34,925 36,670
Official languages 69,650 33,980 35,670
English 68,850 33,630 35,220
French 800 350 445
Non-official languages 1,945 940 1,005
Indigenous languages39 120 55 70
Algonquian languages 115 55 65
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 115 55 65
Mi'kmaq 115 55 65
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,820 885 935
Afro-Asiatic languages 205 110 100
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 10 5 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 10 5 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 195 100 95
Amharic 5 5 0
Arabic 190 95 90
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 275 125 150
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 15 5 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 5 5 0
Indonesian 10 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 220 100 125
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 5 5 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 70 45 30
Kannada 5 5 0
Malayalam 25 20 5
Tamil 20 10 10
Telugu 15 10 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,025 510 515
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 120 45 75
Baltic languages 15 5 10
Latvian 10 5 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 105 40 65
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 30 10 20
Russian 45 15 35
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 0 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 15 10 10
Irish 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Germanic languages 430 215 215
Frisian 5 5 0
High German languages 195 95 100
German 180 85 90
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 10 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 195 95 100
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 170 80 85
Low German, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 10 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 30 20 10
Danish 20 5 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 5
Swedish 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 25 15 10
Indo-Iranian languages 245 140 105
Indo-Aryan languages 230 130 95
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 25 15 10
Gujarati 20 10 5
Hindi 55 35 25
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 0 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 65 45
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 15 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 5 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 5 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 190 95 100
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 30 20 15
Portuguese 30 10 15
Romanian 5 0 5
Spanish 115 55 60
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 5
Korean 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 20
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 5
American Sign Language 5 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 110 45 65
Chinese languages 110 45 65
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 70 25 45
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 25 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 0 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 5
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 610 280 330
English and French 265 125 140
English and non-official language(s) 300 135 165
French and non-official language(s) 15 0 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 20 10 10
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 72,205 35,200 36,995
English 69,610 33,960 35,650
French 105 50 60
Non-official language 390 205 190
Indigenous39 30 10 20
Non-Indigenous 365 195 170
English and French 565 245 320
English and non-official language(s) 1,415 700 715
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 80 35 50
Multiple non-official languages 35 15 15
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 72,205 35,200 36,995
Single responses 71,850 35,040 36,815
Official languages 71,025 34,615 36,410
English 70,865 34,545 36,315
French 160 65 95
Non-official languages 825 420 400
Indigenous languages39 45 20 25
Algonquian languages 45 20 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 20 25
Mi'kmaq 45 20 25
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 780 405 375
Afro-Asiatic languages 120 60 60
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 120 60 60
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 115 60 55
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 155 85 70
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Cebuano 10 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 70 60
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 45 35 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 25 20 5
Tamil 10 10 5
Telugu 10 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 350 185 170
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 40 15 25
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 35 15 25
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 5 10
Russian 20 5 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 80 35 40
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 45 25 20
German 45 25 20
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 25 15 20
Afrikaans 10 0 5
Dutch 5 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 155 85 70
Indo-Aryan languages 140 85 60
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 10 5
Gujarati 15 10 10
Hindi 25 10 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 50 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 10 0 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 75 40 35
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 5
Portuguese 5 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 60 30 30
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 10 5 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 65 30 30
Chinese languages 65 30 30
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 50 25 30
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 5 5 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 355 165 185
English and French 70 35 40
English and non-official language(s) 275 135 145
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 72,205 35,205 37,000
None 70,395 34,345 36,045
English 410 195 210
French 455 200 255
Non-official language 775 380 395
Indigenous39 60 35 20
Non-Indigenous 715 340 375
English and French 15 5 10
English and non-official language(s) 40 25 20
French and non-official language(s) 45 15 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 65 35 35
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 71,900 35,085 36,820
Official languages 71,820 35,025 36,795
English 71,810 35,015 36,795
French 4,155 1,670 2,485
Non-official languages 3,230 1,620 1,610
Indigenous languages39 200 85 115
Algonquian languages 185 85 100
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 80 100
Mi'kmaq 180 80 100
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,035 1,530 1,505
Afro-Asiatic languages 195 110 90
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 195 110 90
Amharic 10 0 0
Arabic 190 105 85
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 15 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 415 225 190
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 30 10 15
Cebuano 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 390 210 180
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Creole languages 20 0 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 15 0 10
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 85 55 30
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 35 25 0
Tamil 20 15 10
Telugu 30 20 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,900 955 945
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 165 60 105
Baltic languages 15 10 0
Latvian 10 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 150 55 95
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 20 15 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 35 10 25
Russian 60 20 40
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 20 10 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 160 80 80
Irish 15 15 0
Scottish Gaelic 105 45 65
Welsh 10 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Germanic languages 700 320 380
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 450 200 260
German 450 190 260
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 0 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 255 125 130
Afrikaans 15 10 0
Dutch 200 100 100
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 30 15 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 45 20 20
Danish 20 0 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 50 30 25
Indo-Iranian languages 345 190 160
Indo-Aryan languages 340 190 155
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 15 20
Gujarati 50 30 25
Hindi 220 115 105
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 45 10 35
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 85 55
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 55 30 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 645 355 290
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 115 60 55
Portuguese 65 40 30
Romanian 25 10 20
Spanish 460 260 200
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 55 30 25
Korean 30 15 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 90 40 45
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 15 0 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 10 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 90 40 50
American Sign Language 70 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 190 90 105
Chinese languages 185 85 105
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 160 70 90
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 45 20 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 10 15
Estonian 20 0 15
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 71,900 35,080 36,815
Indigenous identity45 2,985 1,405 1,580
Single Indigenous responses46 2,830 1,350 1,475
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,480 695 790
Métis 1,295 630 670
Inuk (Inuit) 50 30 20
Multiple Indigenous responses47 50 25 25
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 105 25 70
Non-Indigenous identity 68,915 33,680 35,240
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 71,900 35,080 36,815
Registered or Treaty Indian49 915 445 470
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 70,985 34,640 36,350
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 32,890 ... ...
Owner 24,965 ... ...
Renter 7,780 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 145 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 32,890 ... ...
Condominium 560 ... ...
Not condominium 32,335 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 32,890 ... ...
No bedrooms 115 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,130 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,650 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,580 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,415 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 32,890 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,595 ... ...
5 rooms 5,745 ... ...
6 rooms 5,785 ... ...
7 rooms 4,835 ... ...
8 or more rooms 9,935 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 32,890 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 32,710 ... ...
More than one person per room 185 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 32,890 ... ...
Suitable 32,030 ... ...
Not suitable 860 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 32,890 ... ...
1960 or before 10,060 ... ...
1961 to 1980 9,120 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,505 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,795 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,320 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,530 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,400 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,160 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 32,890 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 29,695 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,195 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 32,890 ... ...
One-maintainer household 18,070 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 13,955 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 870 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 32,890 ... ...
15 to 24 years 835 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,985 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,165 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,290 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,480 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,000 ... ...
75 to 84 years 3,720 ... ...
85 years and over 1,415 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 32,535 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 28,005 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 4,530 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,025 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 32,890 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 7,830 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,890 ... ...
Not suitable only 660 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,525 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 85 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 555 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 110 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 25,065 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 32,025 ... ...
In core need 1,955 ... ...
Not in core need 30,070 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 24,765 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 48.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 690 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 874 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 190,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 220,800 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 7,770 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 32.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 13.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 785 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 853 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 145 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 250 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 264 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 71,900 35,085 36,815
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,170 550 615
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,145 540 605
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 910 435 470
Métis single ancestry 225 95 125
Inuit single ancestry 20 10 10
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 25 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 15 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,795 1,290 1,500
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,725 1,265 1,455
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,825 820 1,000
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 840 405 430
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 65 40 30
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 75 30 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 15 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 67,935 33,235 34,700
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 71,905 35,085 36,815
Canadian citizens77 70,395 34,295 36,110
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,065 6,435 5,630
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 58,330 27,855 30,480
Not Canadian citizens78 1,505 795 710
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 71,905 35,085 36,815
Non-immigrants80 68,480 33,405 35,075
Immigrants81 2,925 1,400 1,530
Before 1980 1,205 565 635
1980 to 1990 175 65 110
1991 to 2000 205 90 115
2001 to 2010 465 210 250
2011 to 202182 880 465 415
2011 to 2015 345 180 160
2016 to 2021 535 280 260
Non-permanent residents83 495 280 215
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 2,925 1,400 1,525
Under 5 years 425 175 255
5 to 14 years 500 280 215
15 to 24 years 520 250 270
25 to 44 years 1,205 565 645
45 years and over 270 130 140
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 2,925 1,400 1,525
Americas 680 305 375
Brazil 25 15 15
Colombia 20 0 15
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 15 0 10
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 10 0
Mexico 20 20 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 20 10 0
United States of America 505 200 305
Other places of birth in Americas 55 45 10
Europe 1,275 615 655
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 25 15 10
France 25 10 20
Germany 160 75 80
Greece 15 0 10
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 25 15 10
Netherlands 185 115 75
Poland 20 0 15
Portugal 15 15 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 15
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 660 310 355
Other places of birth in Europe 115 60 55
Africa 125 70 55
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 10 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 10 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 30 15 15
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 40 25 10
Other places of birth in Africa 30 10 20
Asia 815 400 410
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 15 10 10
Syria89 90 35 60
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 100 50 50
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 20 15 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 345 180 170
Viet Nam 10 10 0
Bangladesh 15 10 10
India 100 55 40
Pakistan 10 15 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 70 20 45
Oceania and other places of birth93 35 10 30
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 535 280 255
Americas 70 40 30
Brazil 10 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 10 10 0
United States of America 40 15 20
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 0
Europe 45 25 20
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 10 0 0
Italy 15 10 10
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 30 30 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 15 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 380 190 190
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 20 15 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 20 15 10
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 10 10 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 10 0 0
Philippines 210 110 100
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 90 35 55
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 71,900 35,085 36,820
First generation100 3,870 1,835 2,035
Second generation101 4,585 2,240 2,340
Third generation or more102 63,445 31,005 32,445
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,725 830 895
Economic immigrants104 1,005 490 515
Principal applicants105 465 275 190
Secondary applicants106 540 215 325
Immigrants sponsored by family107 595 295 305
Refugees108 125 50 80
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,725 830 895
Asylum claim before admission111 10 0 0
Work permits only before admission112 480 250 230
Study permits only before admission113 75 25 45
Work and study permits before admission114 100 45 55
Other permits before admission115 25 0 20
No pre-admission experience116 1,035 505 535
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 71,900 35,085 36,820
Total visible minority population118 3,205 1,720 1,485
South Asian 515 315 205
Chinese 295 120 175
Black 1,275 680 600
Filipino 440 235 200
Arab 170 95 75
Latin American 165 100 65
Southeast Asian 95 55 40
West Asian 10 10 0
Korean 40 15 25
Japanese 50 30 20
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 55 20 30
Multiple visible minorities 95 45 50
Not a visible minority120 68,695 33,370 35,330
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 71,900 35,085 36,820
Canadian 11,260 5,420 5,845
English 15,870 7,540 8,335
Irish 16,160 7,510 8,645
Scottish 30,700 14,860 15,840
French, n.o.s.122 8,670 4,105 4,570
German 5,435 2,640 2,795
Chinese 320 120 200
Italian 780 400 380
Indian (India) 360 210 150
Ukrainian 460 205 260
Dutch 2,305 1,095 1,205
Polish 760 390 365
Québécois 120 55 65
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,790 860 930
Filipino 300 160 135
French Canadian 335 135 200
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 4,065 1,985 2,080
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 780 360 425
Métis 1,145 540 600
European, n.o.s.126 2,425 1,190 1,230
Russian 335 170 165
Norwegian 410 145 265
Welsh 1,230 545 685
Portuguese 180 85 100
American 355 185 170
Spanish 170 65 100
Swedish 255 105 140
Hungarian 185 125 55
Acadian 2,585 1,240 1,345
Pakistani 20 15 0
African, n.o.s.127 430 220 210
Jewish 175 85 95
Punjabi 45 25 15
Vietnamese 30 20 10
Arab, n.o.s.128 70 45 25
Greek 190 90 105
Jamaican 75 30 45
Asian, n.o.s.129 190 110 75
Cree, n.o.s.130 95 30 55
Korean 40 20 20
Romanian 90 40 50
Lebanese 180 85 90
Iranian 0 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 120 55 70
Danish 285 170 115
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 430 200 235
Sikh 35 20 25
Austrian 65 25 35
Belgian 435 210 225
Haitian 25 20 10
Hindu 15 10 10
Mexican 75 45 25
Mennonite 35 20 20
Swiss 215 105 110
Finnish 85 55 35
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 170 70 95
Japanese 60 40 30
South Asian, n.o.s.133 50 35 20
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,160 550 605
Northern European, n.o.s.135 275 100 175
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 30 20 10
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 50 20 25
Tamil 10 0 0
Icelandic 30 15 15
Colombian 40 25 10
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 85 50 35
Syrian 200 85 120
Guyanese 10 10 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 225 90 135
Serbian 15 15 0
Ojibway 30 15 15
Newfoundlander 365 190 175
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 75 40 30
Persian 15 10 10
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 30 20 10
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 110 55 55
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 10 0
Nigerian 25 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 40 25 15
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 45 20 25
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 15 0 15
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 70 40 30
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 30 10 15
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 10 0 0
Algonquin 80 25 55
West Indian, n.o.s.143 25 15 10
Lithuanian 110 65 50
South African 30 20 15
Australian 15 0 15
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 25 15 20
Congolese 10 0 0
Nova Scotian 2,355 1,110 1,245
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 20 0 15
Peruvian