Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Cape BretonMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Economic region]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 132,019 ... ...
Population, 20161 132,010 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 0.0 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 67,740 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 58,872 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 12.7 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 10,357.09 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 132,020 63,655 68,360
0 to 14 years 17,490 8,900 8,590
0 to 4 years 5,085 2,590 2,500
5 to 9 years 5,915 2,955 2,960
10 to 14 years 6,495 3,355 3,135
15 to 64 years 79,185 38,415 40,775
15 to 19 years 6,685 3,460 3,225
20 to 24 years 6,910 3,635 3,275
25 to 29 years 7,055 3,600 3,455
30 to 34 years 6,600 3,245 3,355
35 to 39 years 6,410 3,015 3,395
40 to 44 years 6,760 3,110 3,645
45 to 49 years 7,505 3,545 3,965
50 to 54 years 8,555 4,100 4,450
55 to 59 years 10,820 4,990 5,835
60 to 64 years 11,880 5,710 6,175
65 years and over 35,340 16,345 18,995
65 to 69 years 11,370 5,595 5,770
70 to 74 years 9,625 4,695 4,925
75 to 79 years 6,345 2,875 3,465
80 to 84 years 4,190 1,825 2,360
85 years and over 3,815 1,345 2,470
85 to 89 years 2,435 935 1,500
90 to 94 years 1,015 320 695
95 to 99 years 320 85 235
100 years and over 45 10 35
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.2 14.0 12.6
15 to 64 years 60.0 60.3 59.6
65 years and over 26.8 25.7 27.8
85 years and over 2.9 2.1 3.6
Average age of the population 46.7 45.6 47.7
Median age of the population 50.4 49.2 51.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 58,870 ... ...
Single-detached house 44,825 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,130 ... ...
Row house 775 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,145 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,500 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 215 ... ...
Other single-attached house 100 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 2,175 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 58,875 ... ...
1 person 19,275 ... ...
2 persons 22,145 ... ...
3 persons 8,600 ... ...
4 persons 5,660 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,195 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 129,720 62,690 67,030
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 114,525 54,755 59,775
Married or living common-law 59,010 29,470 29,540
Married 48,545 24,245 24,300
Living common-law 10,470 5,230 5,240
Living common law - Never married 7,375 3,665 3,705
Living common law - Separated 555 285 270
Living common law - Divorced 2,160 1,130 1,035
Living common law - Widowed 370 150 220
Not married and not living common-law 55,515 25,280 30,235
Not married and not living common law - Never married 34,625 18,315 16,310
Not married and not living common law - Separated 4,020 1,730 2,295
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 7,255 2,990 4,260
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 9,615 2,245 7,365
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 38,175 ... ...
2 persons 23,030 ... ...
3 persons 8,080 ... ...
4 persons 4,870 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,195 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 38,180 ... ...
Total couple families 28,855 ... ...
Married couples 23,620 ... ...
With children6 9,395 ... ...
Without children 14,225 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,230 ... ...
With children6 2,165 ... ...
Without children 3,065 ... ...
Total one-parent families 9,325 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 7,410 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,915 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 129,720 62,690 67,030
Total - Persons in census families 101,615 49,465 52,145
Married spouses or common-law partners 57,705 28,835 28,875
Parents in one-parent families 9,320 1,910 7,415
Children6 34,580 18,720 15,860
In a two-parent family 19,960 10,695 9,260
In a one-parent family 14,620 8,025 6,600
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 28,100 13,225 14,880
Living alone 19,275 8,695 10,580
Living with other relatives7 3,710 1,630 2,080
Living with non-relatives only 5,120 2,900 2,220
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 58,875 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 33,750 ... ...
Couple-family households 26,495 ... ...
With children6 10,570 ... ...
Without children 15,925 ... ...
One-parent-family households 7,255 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 1,600 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 160 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,670 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 2,420 ... ...
One-person households 19,275 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 112,240 53,795 58,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 108,330 51,840 56,485
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 36,800 32,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 108,355 51,860 56,495
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 32,800 29,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 87,945 43,230 44,715
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 25,400 27,600 23,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,475 33,215 33,260
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 26,800 28,200 26,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 95,370 44,615 50,755
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,900 15,600 14,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 24,495 13,435 11,060
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500 10,100 6,800
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 29,975 14,905 15,075
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 112,220 53,780 58,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 108,430 51,890 56,540
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 46,160 38,160
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 108,450 51,910 56,540
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,800 38,480 33,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 88,245 43,435 44,810
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 39,760 31,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,480 33,275 33,205
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,120 40,520 33,720
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 95,450 44,680 50,770
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,780 14,960 14,620
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 24,575 13,560 11,010
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,970 10,930 8,790
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 29,880 14,775 15,110
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,020 8,730 9,310
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 112,220 53,780 58,445
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 25,940 12,400 13,535
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 53,600 58,000 50,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 61,000 66,600 55,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 30,795 15,810 14,985
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,400 18,000 14,700
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,840 27,720 19,720
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 69.0 72.0 65.6
Employment income (%)19 54.2 56.3 51.9
Government transfers (%)20 31.0 27.9 34.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 5.4 6.2 4.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 7.0 6.1 7.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.9 5.4 6.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 112,235 53,795 58,445
Without total income 3,910 1,955 1,955
With total income 108,325 51,840 56,490
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,860 4,005 4,860
$10,000 to $19,999 14,965 6,035 8,925
$20,000 to $29,999 22,725 10,355 12,370
$30,000 to $39,999 16,875 8,055 8,815
$40,000 to $49,999 13,650 6,280 7,370
$50,000 to $59,999 9,620 4,665 4,955
$60,000 to $69,999 6,395 3,490 2,910
$70,000 to $79,999 4,390 2,575 1,820
$80,000 to $89,999 3,260 1,730 1,525
$90,000 to $99,999 2,505 1,250 1,260
$100,000 and over 5,085 3,400 1,680
$100,000 to $149,999 3,780 2,375 1,405
$150,000 and over 1,305 1,020 280
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 112,235 53,795 58,445
Without after-tax income 3,880 1,935 1,950
With after-tax income 108,355 51,860 56,495
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,260 4,125 5,135
$10,000 to $19,999 15,810 6,455 9,350
$20,000 to $29,999 26,270 12,165 14,105
$30,000 to $39,999 19,980 9,635 10,350
$40,000 to $49,999 14,440 6,905 7,535
$50,000 to $59,999 8,910 4,785 4,125
$60,000 to $69,999 5,455 2,935 2,520
$70,000 to $79,999 3,555 1,765 1,795
$80,000 to $89,999 1,795 1,055 740
$90,000 to $99,999 970 625 345
$100,000 and over 1,910 1,405 500
$100,000 to $124,999 1,085 775 315
$125,000 and over 820 630 190
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 112,235 53,795 58,445
Without employment income 45,760 20,580 25,180
With employment income 66,480 33,210 33,265
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,795 4,700 5,090
$5,000 to $9,999 6,300 2,925 3,380
$10,000 to $19,999 11,395 5,715 5,680
$20,000 to $29,999 8,155 3,930 4,220
$30,000 to $39,999 6,660 3,150 3,510
$40,000 to $49,999 6,045 2,655 3,390
$50,000 to $59,999 4,310 2,225 2,090
$60,000 to $69,999 3,520 1,980 1,545
$70,000 to $79,999 2,600 1,480 1,115
$80,000 to $89,999 2,280 1,105 1,175
$90,000 to $99,999 1,970 940 1,025
$100,000 and over 3,445 2,410 1,030
$100,000 to $124,999 1,875 1,180 695
$125,000 and over 1,565 1,230 335
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 112,240 53,795 58,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 106,195 50,640 55,555
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,400 36,000 29,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 106,255 50,640 55,615
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,600 32,400 27,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 88,095 43,185 44,905
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 26,800 30,200 24,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 68,455 34,065 34,390
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,200 31,000 26,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 88,335 40,670 47,665
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,600 12,600 11,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 23,970 13,210 10,760
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,400 10,800 7,850
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 112,220 53,780 58,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 106,455 50,800 55,655
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,400 45,760 35,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 106,490 50,805 55,690
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,200 37,800 30,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 88,345 43,320 45,020
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,760 42,120 31,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 68,590 34,110 34,485
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,920 42,920 33,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 88,345 40,680 47,665
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,940 12,310 11,620
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 23,905 13,135 10,770
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,250 11,110 9,200
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 112,220 53,780 58,445
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 25,825 12,325 13,505
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,000 55,600 45,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 57,550 63,750 51,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 29,300 15,110 14,190
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,000 22,600 17,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,400 35,120 23,300
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 75.4 78.4 72.0
Employment income (%) 60.5 62.9 57.6
Government transfers (%) 24.5 21.5 28.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 5.7 6.3 5.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 58,875 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 62,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 56,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 19,275 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 31,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 29,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 39,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 58,870 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 77,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 65,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 19,265 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,880 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 39,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 95,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 81,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 58,875 ... ...
Under $5,000 560 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 370 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,510 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,320 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,835 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,230 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,065 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,780 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,250 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,590 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,205 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,610 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,110 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,210 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,710 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,665 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,700 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,130 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 58,875 ... ...
Under $5,000 610 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 380 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,525 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,610 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,495 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,390 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,575 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,500 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,220 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,930 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,435 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,540 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,740 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,005 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,605 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,115 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,750 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,745 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 38,005 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 72,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 16,130 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 11,895 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 8,570 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 24,390 11,590 12,795
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 30,000 30,800 29,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 28,200 28,800 27,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 38,015 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 81,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 16,120 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 73,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,885 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 130,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 108,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,565 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 24,275 11,425 12,850
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 37,240 38,200 36,320
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 32,360 32,720 32,000
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 129,715 62,690 67,025
0 to 17 years 21,495 10,950 10,550
0 to 5 years 6,255 3,200 3,060
18 to 64 years 74,510 35,955 38,560
65 years and over 33,705 15,785 17,920
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 23,115 10,440 12,670
0 to 17 years 5,010 2,620 2,390
0 to 5 years 1,675 885 790
18 to 64 years 10,935 5,015 5,925
65 years and over 7,170 2,810 4,360
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.8 16.7 18.9
0 to 17 years (%) 23.3 23.9 22.7
0 to 5 years (%) 26.8 27.7 25.9
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 13.9 15.4
65 years and over (%) 21.3 17.8 24.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 123,105 59,490 63,615
0 to 17 years 19,120 9,730 9,390
0 to 5 years 5,520 2,805 2,715
18 to 64 years 70,720 34,165 36,550
65 years and over 33,265 15,595 17,670
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,600 2,885 2,720
0 to 17 years 800 420 385
0 to 5 years 235 130 105
18 to 64 years 4,385 2,295 2,090
65 years and over 415 170 245
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.6 4.9 4.3
0 to 17 years (%) 4.2 4.3 4.1
0 to 5 years (%) 4.3 4.7 3.9
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 6.7 5.7
65 years and over (%) 1.2 1.1 1.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 129,715 62,690 67,030
In bottom half of the distribution 84,775 40,155 44,620
In bottom decile 19,935 9,230 10,705
In second decile 19,470 9,010 10,460
In third decile 16,840 8,060 8,780
In fourth decile 15,150 7,260 7,885
In fifth decile 13,380 6,590 6,790
In top half of the distribution 44,945 22,535 22,410
In sixth decile 12,470 6,145 6,325
In seventh decile 11,290 5,625 5,665
In eighth decile 9,235 4,660 4,580
In ninth decile 7,440 3,785 3,655
In top decile 4,505 2,320 2,180
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 129,720 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.315 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.495 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.273 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.5 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 130,100 62,835 67,265
English only 119,815 58,285 61,530
French only 90 40 50
English and French 10,035 4,435 5,595
Neither English nor French 165 75 90
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 130,100 62,835 67,265
English 125,845 60,845 65,000
French 3,930 1,840 2,095
English and French 170 85 85
Neither English nor French 150 65 85
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 130,100 62,835 67,265
Single responses 128,025 61,840 66,185
Official languages 121,700 58,625 63,075
English 117,580 56,705 60,875
French 4,120 1,925 2,195
Non-official languages 6,325 3,210 3,110
Indigenous languages39 2,780 1,325 1,455
Algonquian languages 2,770 1,320 1,450
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,765 1,315 1,450
Mi'kmaq 2,765 1,315 1,445
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,550 1,890 1,655
Afro-Asiatic languages 160 95 60
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 160 95 60
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 145 90 55
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 35 65
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 95 35 65
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 260 105 155
Bikol 5 0 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 240 100 140
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 470 305 170
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 430 285 145
Tamil 15 5 10
Telugu 25 10 20
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,945 1,040 905
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 145 55 90
Baltic languages 10 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 5 5
Slavic languages 135 55 85
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 5 10
Macedonian 5 0 0
Polish 45 20 30
Russian 20 10 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 5 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0
Ukrainian 40 20 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 45 20 20
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 15
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Germanic languages 470 250 225
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 350 175 170
German 315 160 155
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 15 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 110 60 50
Afrikaans 10 0 5
Dutch 100 55 40
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 10 5
Danish 5 5 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 45 25 15
Indo-Iranian languages 1,065 610 455
Indo-Aryan languages 1,030 595 435
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 25 10
Gujarati 80 50 30
Hindi 165 105 55
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 675 365 305
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 65 35 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Iranian languages 30 20 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 30 20 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 175 80 95
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 55 35 20
Portuguese 25 10 10
Romanian 10 5 5
Spanish 90 35 60
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 15
Korean 60 30 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 10 5
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 450 230 220
Chinese languages 450 230 220
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 385 205 190
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 40 25 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 10 20
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 20 5 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,075 995 1,080
English and French 715 310 400
English and non-official language(s) 1,290 650 640
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 45 25 20
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 130,100 62,835 67,265
English 118,840 57,370 61,470
French 1,700 790 915
Non-official language 1,970 1,005 970
Indigenous39 1,060 515 545
Non-Indigenous 905 490 420
English and French 1,720 765 955
English and non-official language(s) 5,660 2,815 2,850
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 130 60 70
Multiple non-official languages 70 30 40
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 130,100 62,835 67,265
Single responses 128,720 62,150 66,570
Official languages 124,825 60,135 64,685
English 122,725 59,170 63,560
French 2,090 970 1,125
Non-official languages 3,900 2,020 1,880
Indigenous languages39 1,940 945 995
Algonquian languages 1,940 945 990
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 1,940 945 990
Mi'kmaq 1,935 945 990
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,960 1,070 885
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 40 35
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 75 40 35
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 75 40 35
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 80 35 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 80 35 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 130 60 70
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 60 70
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 295 190 105
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 275 185 90
Tamil 5 0 0
Telugu 10 5 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 970 515 455
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 5 10
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 10 5 10
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 5
Russian 5 5 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 15 15
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 15
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 155 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 140 80 65
German 125 70 60
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 20 5 15
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 20 5 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 695 390 300
Indo-Aryan languages 670 380 290
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 20 15 5
Gujarati 30 15 15
Hindi 75 45 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 485 275 215
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 50 25 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 25 10 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 25 10 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 10 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 70 20 50
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 5
Portuguese 15 10 5
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 45 15 35
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 0 5
Korean 40 20 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 10
American Sign Language 20 15 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 325 175 150
Chinese languages 325 175 150
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 295 165 135
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,380 685 700
English and French 270 125 145
English and non-official language(s) 1,085 550 540
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 5 5 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 130,100 62,835 67,265
None 123,715 59,745 63,965
English 2,060 1,055 1,000
French 1,100 480 625
Non-official language 2,770 1,310 1,460
Indigenous39 1,500 685 815
Non-Indigenous 1,270 620 645
English and French 15 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 180 100 80
French and non-official language(s) 65 30 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 195 110 90
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 129,715 62,690 67,025
Official languages 129,530 62,590 66,945
English 129,465 62,565 66,900
French 10,025 4,460 5,565
Non-official languages 10,155 5,045 5,105
Indigenous languages39 4,660 2,185 2,475
Algonquian languages 4,650 2,175 2,470
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 10 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 10 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 4,635 2,175 2,460
Mi'kmaq 4,625 2,170 2,455
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 10 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 0 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 20 0 10
Non-Indigenous languages 5,530 2,880 2,655
Afro-Asiatic languages 350 235 115
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 340 230 110
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 325 215 110
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 20 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 40 85
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 130 40 85
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 405 175 230
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 15 0 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 0 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 385 170 220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Creole languages 10 10 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Dravidian languages 640 395 250
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 565 355 210
Tamil 85 65 15
Telugu 65 35 30
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,280 1,735 1,555
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 220 85 135
Baltic languages 20 10 10
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 205 80 125
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 25 0 20
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 65 20 50
Russian 80 55 30
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 20 0 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 40 20 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 375 185 195
Irish 15 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 305 145 155
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35
Germanic languages 785 405 380
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 620 310 310
German 600 300 295
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 10 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 125 80 50
Afrikaans 25 10 10
Dutch 100 65 35
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 45 30 10
Danish 20 10 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 15 0
Swedish 15 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Greek 55 30 25
Indo-Iranian languages 1,485 855 630
Indo-Aryan languages 1,440 830 610
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 45 25 25
Gujarati 100 70 35
Hindi 1,020 595 415
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 840 480 360
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 100 45 60
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 60 30 30
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 55 25 30
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 45 15 25
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 495 240 255
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 155 80 75
Portuguese 45 15 25
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 325 150 170
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 10 15
Korean 80 35 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 60 55
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 30 15 15
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 175 85 80
American Sign Language 145 65 80
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 550 285 270
Chinese languages 540 280 265
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 500 265 235
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 95 45 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 20 10 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 20 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 20 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 129,715 62,690 67,025
Indigenous identity45 11,165 5,415 5,750
Single Indigenous responses46 10,845 5,265 5,585
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,250 3,975 4,275
Métis 2,410 1,210 1,205
Inuk (Inuit) 185 80 105
Multiple Indigenous responses47 60 40 25
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 250 110 140
Non-Indigenous identity 118,555 57,275 61,280
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 129,715 62,690 67,025
Registered or Treaty Indian49 7,555 3,665 3,885
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 122,165 59,025 63,140
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 58,870 ... ...
Owner 42,360 ... ...
Renter 14,890 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 1,625 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 58,870 ... ...
Condominium 775 ... ...
Not condominium 58,100 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 58,870 ... ...
No bedrooms 175 ... ...
1 bedroom 5,715 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,565 ... ...
3 bedrooms 24,490 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,935 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 58,870 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 12,150 ... ...
5 rooms 10,755 ... ...
6 rooms 11,050 ... ...
7 rooms 8,785 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,135 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 58,870 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 58,450 ... ...
More than one person per room 420 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 58,870 ... ...
Suitable 56,775 ... ...
Not suitable 2,100 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 58,870 ... ...
1960 or before 20,000 ... ...
1961 to 1980 17,810 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,265 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,880 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,065 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,105 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,930 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,820 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 58,870 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 53,115 ... ...
Major repairs needed 5,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 58,870 ... ...
One-maintainer household 33,930 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 22,965 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,975 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 58,870 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,175 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,695 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,200 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,920 ... ...
55 to 64 years 13,210 ... ...
65 to 74 years 13,300 ... ...
75 to 84 years 7,090 ... ...
85 years and over 2,280 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 56,600 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 48,255 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 8,345 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 7,655 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 58,870 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 14,655 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 7,085 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,680 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 4,360 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 125 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 1,110 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 270 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 20 ... ...
Acceptable housing 44,220 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 55,915 ... ...
In core need 4,800 ... ...
Not in core need 51,110 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 41,920 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 44.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 660 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 855 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 166,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 193,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 14,725 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 23.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 30.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 19.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 800 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 811 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,620 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 5.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 208 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 277 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 129,720 62,690 67,030
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 7,220 3,485 3,730
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 7,160 3,475 3,685
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 6,650 3,220 3,425
Métis single ancestry 425 210 215
Inuit single ancestry 80 40 40
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 60 15 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 60 15 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 5,070 2,500 2,570
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 4,990 2,450 2,540
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,210 1,545 1,660
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,645 825 825
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 135 80 60
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 75 45 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 75 45 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 117,430 56,705 60,730
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 129,715 62,690 67,030
Canadian citizens77 125,795 60,550 65,245
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,185 10,785 10,405
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 104,615 49,765 54,845
Not Canadian citizens78 3,915 2,140 1,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 129,715 62,690 67,030
Non-immigrants80 123,690 59,550 64,135
Immigrants81 3,485 1,685 1,800
Before 1980 1,345 615 725
1980 to 1990 220 95 125
1991 to 2000 265 120 145
2001 to 2010 570 270 305
2011 to 202182 1,090 580 505
2011 to 2015 380 170 205
2016 to 2021 705 410 300
Non-permanent residents83 2,545 1,460 1,090
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,485 1,685 1,800
Under 5 years 470 220 245
5 to 14 years 620 300 315
15 to 24 years 615 280 330
25 to 44 years 1,395 650 750
45 years and over 390 240 150
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,485 1,685 1,800
Americas 955 460 495
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 10 0 10
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 20 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 0
United States of America 800 375 425
Other places of birth in Americas 80 45 30
Europe 1,345 630 720
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 20 15 0
Germany 335 150 180
Greece 10 0 0
Hungary 15 10 0
Italy 40 30 15
Netherlands 90 65 30
Poland 45 20 25
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 10 10
United Kingdom87 595 245 350
Other places of birth in Europe 165 80 90
Africa 255 155 95
Algeria 10 10 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
Egypt 35 30 10
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 25 10 10
Nigeria 65 25 40
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 30 20 10
Other places of birth in Africa 70 55 15
Asia 900 420 480
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 40 25 20
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 25 10 15
Syria89 55 25 25
Turkey 10 0 0
China90 165 75 85
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 45 20 25
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 265 115 150
Viet Nam 35 15 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 120 55 65
Pakistan 45 25 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 80 35 40
Oceania and other places of birth93 25 15 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 710 410 300
Americas 65 45 20
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 10 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 35 25 15
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 165 100 60
France 0 0 0
Germany 90 50 40
Ireland96 25 10 10
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 40 30 10
Other places of birth in Europe 10 0 0
Africa 70 45 25
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 20 15 10
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 30 10 15
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 395 205 195
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 65 35 25
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 65 40 25
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 15 10 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 145 75 70
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 50 20 25
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and other93 10 10 0
Australia 10 10 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 129,715 62,690 67,025
First generation100 6,655 3,430 3,230
Second generation101 6,140 2,980 3,165
Third generation or more102 116,920 56,285 60,640
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 2,140 1,065 1,075
Economic immigrants104 1,320 690 630
Principal applicants105 650 420 230
Secondary applicants106 670 270 400
Immigrants sponsored by family107 635 275 365
Refugees108 185 100 80
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 2,140 1,065 1,075
Asylum claim before admission111 35 20 20
Work permits only before admission112 505 290 210
Study permits only before admission113 95 55 45
Work and study permits before admission114 160 85 70
Other permits before admission115 15 0 15
No pre-admission experience116 1,320 610 710
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 129,715 62,690 67,025
Total visible minority population118 5,520 2,900 2,620
South Asian 2,105 1,215 890
Chinese 720 370 355
Black 1,370 695 675
Filipino 460 190 270
Arab 315 195 120
Latin American 85 30 50
Southeast Asian 150 55 90
West Asian 80 40 35
Korean 80 30 45
Japanese 25 15 15
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 50 25 25
Multiple visible minorities 75 30 45
Not a visible minority120 124,195 59,790 64,410
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 129,715 62,690 67,030
Canadian 19,050 9,155 9,895
English 24,900 11,825 13,070
Irish 28,770 13,545 15,225
Scottish 49,650 23,740 25,910
French, n.o.s.122 18,955 8,980 9,980
German 4,325 2,020 2,305
Chinese 680 340 340
Italian 3,970 1,965 2,010
Indian (India) 1,370 750 620
Ukrainian 1,540 775 765
Dutch 1,705 820 885
Polish 2,555 1,355 1,200
Québécois 70 45 20
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,665 820 850
Filipino 395 160 230
French Canadian 530 235 305
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 6,090 2,860 3,220
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 2,225 1,080 1,145
Métis 2,205 1,095 1,110
European, n.o.s.126 3,275 1,640 1,630
Russian 325 150 175
Norwegian 505 205 305
Welsh 2,075 940 1,135
Portuguese 180 70 110
American 405 200 210
Spanish 375 175 200
Swedish 350 135 210
Hungarian 470 240 235
Acadian 7,185 3,365 3,820
Pakistani 80 40 45
African, n.o.s.127 405 235 170
Jewish 220 125 95
Punjabi 275 190 90
Vietnamese 100 30 65
Arab, n.o.s.128 70 45 25
Greek 305 155 150
Jamaican 65 50 20
Asian, n.o.s.129 320 190 130
Cree, n.o.s.130 170 65 105
Korean 85 35 50
Romanian 180 105 70
Lebanese 935 505 430
Iranian 45 15 25
Christian, n.i.e.131 375 160 210
Danish 265 90 170
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 835 385 450
Sikh 165 115 50
Austrian 255 145 110
Belgian 580 290 290
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 185 115 70
Mexican 30 10 20
Mennonite 65 25 35
Swiss 135 40 95
Finnish 90 30 55
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 60 20 40
Japanese 45 10 30
South Asian, n.o.s.133 45 15 30
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 6,475 3,150 3,325
Northern European, n.o.s.135 285 125 165
Muslim 20 20 0
Egyptian 70 50 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 20 10 10
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 30 10 20
Colombian 20 0 20
Moroccan 35 0 25
Czech 125 45 80
Syrian 245 150 95
Guyanese 45 10 35
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 175 90 85
Serbian 10 0 0
Ojibway 80 30 45
Newfoundlander 1,605 720 890
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 75 25 45
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 25 0 20
Inuit, n.o.s.138 225 120 100
Bangladeshi 25 15 10
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 15
Nigerian 45 10 35
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 50 0 40
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 145 70 70
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 40 15 25
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 10 10 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 45 20 25
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 65 20 45
Algonquin 10 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 80 35 45
Lithuanian 180 90 85
South African 15 10 0
Australian 15 10 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 2,750 1,415 1,340
Ethiopian 15 15 10
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 10 0 10
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 35 25
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 70 30 45
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 15 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 130 60 70
New Brunswicker 30 10 25
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean