Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Cape Breton, County (CTY)More information:
Nova Scotia
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 98,318 ... ...
Population, 20161 98,722 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 48,020 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 43,799 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 40.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,457.21 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 98,320 47,120 51,200
0 to 14 years 13,110 6,685 6,425
0 to 4 years 3,785 1,955 1,830
5 to 9 years 4,435 2,210 2,225
10 to 14 years 4,890 2,520 2,370
15 to 64 years 59,870 28,940 30,925
15 to 19 years 4,955 2,575 2,380
20 to 24 years 5,450 2,835 2,615
25 to 29 years 5,705 2,930 2,770
30 to 34 years 5,115 2,545 2,565
35 to 39 years 4,925 2,270 2,655
40 to 44 years 5,035 2,305 2,735
45 to 49 years 5,640 2,655 2,985
50 to 54 years 6,310 3,015 3,295
55 to 59 years 7,985 3,655 4,325
60 to 64 years 8,745 4,155 4,600
65 years and over 25,340 11,495 13,845
65 to 69 years 8,235 4,020 4,215
70 to 74 years 6,745 3,260 3,485
75 to 79 years 4,470 1,960 2,505
80 to 84 years 3,020 1,280 1,740
85 years and over 2,875 970 1,900
85 to 89 years 1,790 670 1,115
90 to 94 years 790 220 570
95 to 99 years 260 70 185
100 years and over 35 10 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.3 14.2 12.5
15 to 64 years 60.9 61.4 60.4
65 years and over 25.8 24.4 27.0
85 years and over 2.9 2.1 3.7
Average age of the population 46.1 44.9 47.3
Median age of the population 49.2 47.6 50.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 43,795 ... ...
Single-detached house 32,275 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,865 ... ...
Row house 760 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,905 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,545 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 215 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,170 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 43,800 ... ...
1 person 14,445 ... ...
2 persons 16,090 ... ...
3 persons 6,680 ... ...
4 persons 4,235 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,350 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 96,640 46,420 50,220
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 85,205 40,435 44,770
Married or living common-law 42,260 21,095 21,165
Married 34,575 17,260 17,320
Living common-law 7,685 3,835 3,850
Living common law - Never married 5,450 2,695 2,755
Living common law - Separated 410 205 210
Living common law - Divorced 1,565 825 735
Living common law - Widowed 260 105 150
Not married and not living common-law 42,945 19,335 23,605
Not married and not living common law - Never married 26,910 14,080 12,835
Not married and not living common law - Separated 3,190 1,340 1,850
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 5,660 2,230 3,425
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 7,180 1,685 5,495
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 28,200 ... ...
2 persons 16,810 ... ...
3 persons 6,265 ... ...
4 persons 3,585 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,545 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 28,200 ... ...
Total couple families 20,645 ... ...
Married couples 16,800 ... ...
With children6 6,850 ... ...
Without children 9,950 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,840 ... ...
With children6 1,605 ... ...
Without children 2,235 ... ...
Total one-parent families 7,560 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 6,055 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,500 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 96,640 46,420 50,220
Total - Persons in census families 75,010 36,330 38,680
Married spouses or common-law partners 41,280 20,620 20,665
Parents in one-parent families 7,560 1,505 6,060
Children6 26,170 14,205 11,960
In a two-parent family 14,290 7,670 6,625
In a one-parent family 11,880 6,540 5,340
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,625 10,090 11,535
Living alone 14,445 6,370 8,070
Living with other relatives7 2,885 1,245 1,640
Living with non-relatives only 4,295 2,475 1,825
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 43,800 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 24,690 ... ...
Couple-family households 18,800 ... ...
With children6 7,680 ... ...
Without children 11,120 ... ...
One-parent-family households 5,885 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 1,265 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 125 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,320 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,950 ... ...
One-person households 14,445 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 83,530 39,740 43,790
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 80,470 38,200 42,270
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,000 36,000 32,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 80,490 38,215 42,275
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 32,400 30,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 64,600 31,430 33,170
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 25,600 27,600 24,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 49,010 24,230 24,775
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 27,800 28,800 26,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 70,860 32,770 38,090
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,800 15,400 14,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,935 9,120 7,810
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,450 9,200 6,280
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 23,055 11,310 11,745
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 83,510 39,720 43,795
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 80,510 38,255 42,260
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,760 45,440 38,440
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 80,525 38,270 42,260
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,680 38,000 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 64,755 31,580 33,180
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,720 39,560 32,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 49,015 24,225 24,785
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,520 40,680 34,440
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 70,930 32,880 38,050
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,800 14,860 14,760
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,940 9,105 7,835
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,520 10,610 8,250
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 22,940 11,070 11,870
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,300 9,000 9,580
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 83,515 39,720 43,795
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 20,015 9,540 10,475
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 53,600 57,200 50,800
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,500 65,400 56,050
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 21,610 10,825 10,785
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,200 17,600 14,900
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,460 27,040 19,880
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 68.8 71.8 65.4
Employment income (%)19 54.7 56.7 52.6
Government transfers (%)20 31.3 28.2 34.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 4.8 5.6 4.0
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 7.4 6.5 8.4
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 6.4 5.7 7.0
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 83,535 39,740 43,795
Without total income 3,065 1,540 1,525
With total income 80,470 38,195 42,270
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,635 3,075 3,555
$10,000 to $19,999 11,195 4,590 6,610
$20,000 to $29,999 16,995 7,770 9,230
$30,000 to $39,999 12,405 5,880 6,520
$40,000 to $49,999 10,050 4,575 5,475
$50,000 to $59,999 7,100 3,335 3,765
$60,000 to $69,999 4,795 2,535 2,260
$70,000 to $79,999 3,205 1,820 1,390
$80,000 to $89,999 2,400 1,245 1,155
$90,000 to $99,999 1,965 935 1,030
$100,000 and over 3,710 2,435 1,275
$100,000 to $149,999 2,790 1,705 1,080
$150,000 and over 920 725 195
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 83,535 39,740 43,795
Without after-tax income 3,045 1,525 1,520
With after-tax income 80,490 38,215 42,275
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,905 3,160 3,750
$10,000 to $19,999 11,750 4,880 6,870
$20,000 to $29,999 19,690 9,130 10,565
$30,000 to $39,999 14,620 7,005 7,620
$40,000 to $49,999 10,700 4,995 5,700
$50,000 to $59,999 6,665 3,455 3,205
$60,000 to $69,999 4,040 2,095 1,945
$70,000 to $79,999 2,720 1,275 1,445
$80,000 to $89,999 1,315 750 565
$90,000 to $99,999 710 450 260
$100,000 and over 1,375 1,015 355
$100,000 to $124,999 775 550 225
$125,000 and over 595 465 135
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 83,535 39,740 43,795
Without employment income 34,525 15,510 19,020
With employment income 49,005 24,230 24,780
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,120 3,440 3,675
$5,000 to $9,999 4,520 2,110 2,410
$10,000 to $19,999 8,060 3,995 4,060
$20,000 to $29,999 6,110 2,880 3,230
$30,000 to $39,999 4,850 2,305 2,550
$40,000 to $49,999 4,575 1,985 2,585
$50,000 to $59,999 3,315 1,680 1,635
$60,000 to $69,999 2,710 1,480 1,225
$70,000 to $79,999 1,915 1,075 835
$80,000 to $89,999 1,705 805 905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,575 715 855
$100,000 and over 2,555 1,755 805
$100,000 to $124,999 1,400 865 540
$125,000 and over 1,155 890 265
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 83,530 39,740 43,790
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 78,715 37,205 41,510
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,800 35,200 29,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 78,760 37,215 41,550
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,200 31,800 27,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 64,475 31,280 33,195
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 27,200 30,000 24,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 50,225 24,695 25,530
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,200 31,600 27,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,375 29,730 35,645
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,200 11,800 10,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 16,415 8,925 7,490
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,700 10,300 7,300
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 83,510 39,720 43,795
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 78,935 37,380 41,555
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,840 44,600 35,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 78,960 37,385 41,580
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,840 37,040 31,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 64,555 31,320 33,235
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,720 41,720 32,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 50,230 24,635 25,600
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,240 42,840 33,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,395 29,835 35,560
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,840 12,080 11,640
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 16,345 8,815 7,530
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,980 10,760 9,080
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 83,515 39,720 43,795
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 19,915 9,470 10,445
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,000 54,400 46,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 56,750 61,850 52,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 20,380 10,265 10,115
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,200 22,400 18,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,240 34,720 23,700
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 75.4 78.4 72.0
Employment income (%) 61.0 63.3 58.5
Government transfers (%) 24.6 21.6 28.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 5.2 5.7 4.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 43,800 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 62,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 55,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 14,445 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 28,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 29,355 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 72,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 43,800 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 76,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 65,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,430 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,720 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,520 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 29,365 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 95,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 81,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 43,800 ... ...
Under $5,000 435 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 295 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,235 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 990 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,175 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,315 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,085 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,380 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,325 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,060 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,915 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,410 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,055 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,625 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,320 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,190 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,155 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,660 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,740 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,630 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 43,800 ... ...
Under $5,000 470 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 300 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,245 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,035 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,385 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,455 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,655 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,670 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,370 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,410 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,960 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,715 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,205 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,875 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,745 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,015 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,115 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 28,050 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 72,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 11,290 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 8,725 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,950 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 18,740 8,845 9,895
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 29,400 29,800 29,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 27,800 28,200 27,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 28,075 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 95,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 81,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,285 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 73,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,720 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 130,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 109,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,960 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,050 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 18,630 8,780 9,855
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 36,520 37,200 35,920
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 31,800 32,040 31,640
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 96,640 46,420 50,225
0 to 17 years 16,100 8,205 7,895
0 to 5 years 4,695 2,415 2,270
18 to 64 years 56,440 27,140 29,300
65 years and over 24,095 11,075 13,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,695 7,930 9,770
0 to 17 years 3,925 2,065 1,865
0 to 5 years 1,300 695 600
18 to 64 years 8,600 3,925 4,675
65 years and over 5,165 1,935 3,230
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.3 17.1 19.5
0 to 17 years (%) 24.4 25.2 23.6
0 to 5 years (%) 27.7 28.9 26.4
18 to 64 years (%) 15.2 14.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 21.4 17.5 24.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 92,020 44,190 47,830
0 to 17 years 14,445 7,345 7,100
0 to 5 years 4,205 2,150 2,060
18 to 64 years 53,785 25,900 27,880
65 years and over 23,785 10,945 12,845
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,725 2,430 2,295
0 to 17 years 690 360 330
0 to 5 years 210 115 95
18 to 64 years 3,720 1,950 1,770
65 years and over 315 120 195
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.1 5.5 4.8
0 to 17 years (%) 4.8 4.9 4.6
0 to 5 years (%) 5.0 5.3 4.7
18 to 64 years (%) 6.9 7.5 6.4
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.1 1.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 96,640 46,420 50,225
In bottom half of the distribution 63,540 29,930 33,610
In bottom decile 15,470 7,160 8,310
In second decile 14,905 6,855 8,050
In third decile 12,345 5,870 6,480
In fourth decile 11,020 5,245 5,780
In fifth decile 9,800 4,805 4,990
In top half of the distribution 33,100 16,490 16,615
In sixth decile 9,070 4,385 4,680
In seventh decile 8,200 4,095 4,105
In eighth decile 6,765 3,385 3,380
In ninth decile 5,550 2,810 2,735
In top decile 3,515 1,805 1,715
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 96,640 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.318 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.502 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.277 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 96,905 46,500 50,405
English only 92,710 44,725 47,980
French only 25 10 15
English and French 4,050 1,700 2,355
Neither English nor French 120 60 60
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 96,905 46,500 50,405
English 96,065 46,100 49,960
French 645 300 350
English and French 90 50 40
Neither English nor French 110 55 55
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 96,905 46,500 50,405
Single responses 95,625 45,870 49,755
Official languages 90,680 43,315 47,365
English 89,975 42,990 46,980
French 710 325 385
Non-official languages 4,945 2,555 2,390
Indigenous languages39 2,125 1,015 1,110
Algonquian languages 2,120 1,015 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,120 1,010 1,105
Mi'kmaq 2,115 1,010 1,105
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,820 1,540 1,280
Afro-Asiatic languages 95 60 35
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 95 60 35
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 85 55 30
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 85 30 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 85 30 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 185 80 100
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 80 95
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 440 285 155
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 400 270 130
Tamil 15 5 10
Telugu 25 10 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,445 790 655
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 105 40 65
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 5 0
Slavic languages 100 35 60
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 5 0 0
Polish 35 15 25
Russian 15 5 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 5 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 10 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Germanic languages 135 70 65
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 75 35 40
German 65 25 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 50 30 20
Afrikaans 10 0 5
Dutch 45 25 20
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 5 5
Danish 5 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 45 20 15
Indo-Iranian languages 1,025 590 440
Indo-Aryan languages 995 575 425
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 25 10
Gujarati 80 50 30
Hindi 165 105 55
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 345 295
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 65 35 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 30 15 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 120 60 60
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 40 25 15
Portuguese 15 10 10
Romanian 5 0 0
Spanish 60 25 30
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 5 5
Korean 50 25 30
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5
American Sign Language 10 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 435 225 210
Chinese languages 435 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 375 195 175
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 35 20 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 5 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 5 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,275 630 650
English and French 270 120 150
English and non-official language(s) 960 475 475
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 35 20 10
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 96,905 46,500 50,405
English 90,155 43,100 47,055
French 150 75 80
Non-official language 1,690 875 815
Indigenous39 910 440 465
Non-Indigenous 780 430 350
English and French 560 250 310
English and non-official language(s) 4,185 2,130 2,055
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 85 40 45
Multiple non-official languages 65 25 40
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 96,905 46,500 50,405
Single responses 95,960 46,000 49,955
Official languages 92,730 44,310 48,420
English 92,530 44,220 48,315
French 200 95 110
Non-official languages 3,225 1,690 1,535
Indigenous languages39 1,590 775 815
Algonquian languages 1,585 775 810
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 1,585 775 810
Mi'kmaq 1,585 770 810
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,640 915 725
Afro-Asiatic languages 40 25 20
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 40 25 20
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 40 25 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 35 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 70 35 40
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 90 45 45
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 45 45
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 275 180 95
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 260 175 85
Tamil 5 0 0
Telugu 10 5 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 775 420 355
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 5 0 10
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 5 0 5
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 35 15 25
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 20 10 10
German 15 10 10
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 5 15
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 15 5 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 670 380 290
Indo-Aryan languages 650 365 280
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 20 15 5
Gujarati 25 15 15
Hindi 75 45 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 470 265 205
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 50 25 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 25 10 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 25 10 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 10 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 50 15 30
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 5
Portuguese 10 5 5
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 30 10 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 0 5
Korean 30 20 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 15 10
American Sign Language 15 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 315 175 140
Chinese languages 315 175 140
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 285 155 125
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 945 495 445
English and French 75 40 35
English and non-official language(s) 845 445 395
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 5 5 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 96,905 46,500 50,405
None 92,770 44,445 48,320
English 1,355 715 640
French 470 200 265
Non-official language 1,935 930 1,010
Indigenous39 1,045 485 565
Non-Indigenous 895 445 450
English and French 10 10 5
English and non-official language(s) 155 90 60
French and non-official language(s) 35 15 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 165 95 70
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 96,640 46,420 50,225
Official languages 96,485 46,330 50,155
English 96,460 46,315 50,145
French 4,060 1,760 2,310
Non-official languages 7,635 3,895 3,740
Indigenous languages39 3,485 1,650 1,835
Algonquian languages 3,485 1,650 1,835
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 10 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 10 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,470 1,645 1,825
Mi'kmaq 3,470 1,640 1,830
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 10 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 0 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Non-Indigenous languages 4,175 2,260 1,910
Afro-Asiatic languages 235 165 70
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 230 160 70
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 220 155 65
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 10 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 40 80
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 120 40 80
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 295 135 160
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 285 125 160
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 610 375 240
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 540 335 195
Tamil 75 55 15
Telugu 65 35 30
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,295 1,285 1,010
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 130 55 75
Baltic languages 20 10 10
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 120 55 65
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 35 10 30
Russian 65 40 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 20 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 125 65 65
Irish 10 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 90 40 50
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Germanic languages 260 160 100
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 185 110 75
German 175 105 70
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 55 40 15
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 55 40 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 40 25 10
Danish 20 10 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 0
Swedish 10 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 55 30 25
Indo-Iranian languages 1,430 825 595
Indo-Aryan languages 1,395 810 585
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 25 15
Gujarati 100 70 35
Hindi 980 585 395
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 810 460 350
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 100 45 60
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 45 20 25
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 45 20 25
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 35 15 20
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 335 170 165
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 120 65 50
Portuguese 25 10 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 205 105 100
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 10 15
Korean 80 35 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 60 55
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 30 15 15
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 115 60 55
American Sign Language 90 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 490 260 235
Chinese languages 480 255 230
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 450 240 205
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 10 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 20 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 96,640 46,420 50,220
Indigenous identity45 7,385 3,555 3,835
Single Indigenous responses46 7,175 3,445 3,730
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,925 2,835 3,090
Métis 1,175 575 600
Inuk (Inuit) 75 35 40
Multiple Indigenous responses47 60 40 20
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 155 70 85
Non-Indigenous identity 89,255 42,870 46,385
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 96,640 46,420 50,220
Registered or Treaty Indian49 5,330 2,585 2,745
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 91,310 43,835 47,475
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 43,800 ... ...
Owner 30,325 ... ...
Renter 12,370 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 1,105 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 43,800 ... ...
Condominium 600 ... ...
Not condominium 43,195 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 43,800 ... ...
No bedrooms 145 ... ...
1 bedroom 4,555 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,830 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,245 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,020 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 43,800 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,330 ... ...
5 rooms 7,775 ... ...
6 rooms 8,135 ... ...
7 rooms 6,575 ... ...
8 or more rooms 11,980 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 43,800 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 43,480 ... ...
More than one person per room 315 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 43,800 ... ...
Suitable 42,090 ... ...
Not suitable 1,705 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 43,800 ... ...
1960 or before 15,845 ... ...
1961 to 1980 13,150 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,285 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,155 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,305 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,435 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,400 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,225 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 43,800 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 39,615 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,185 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 43,800 ... ...
One-maintainer household 25,525 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 16,630 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,640 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 43,800 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,030 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,495 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,465 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,735 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,740 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,570 ... ...
75 to 84 years 5,020 ... ...
85 years and over 1,745 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 42,230 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 35,415 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 6,815 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 6,265 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 43,800 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 11,500 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 5,835 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,365 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 3,115 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 115 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 840 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 210 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 20 ... ...
Acceptable housing 32,295 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 41,675 ... ...
In core need 3,515 ... ...
Not in core need 38,165 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 30,045 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 46.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 710 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 891 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 160,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 183,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 12,215 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 24.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 32.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 800 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 827 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,105 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 6.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 218 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 289 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 96,640 46,420 50,220
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 4,990 2,425 2,565
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 4,980 2,420 2,555
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 4,735 2,290 2,440
Métis single ancestry 225 115 110
Inuit single ancestry 20 15 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,385 1,625 1,755
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,345 1,605 1,740
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,450 1,155 1,300
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 815 405 410
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 75 45 30
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 40 20 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 40 20 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 88,270 42,370 45,895
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 96,640 46,420 50,220
Canadian citizens77 93,520 44,660 48,855
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,945 8,065 7,880
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 77,580 36,600 40,975
Not Canadian citizens78 3,120 1,755 1,365
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 96,640 46,420 50,220
Non-immigrants80 92,120 43,985 48,135
Immigrants81 2,185 1,085 1,100
Before 1980 830 385 445
1980 to 1990 150 85 70
1991 to 2000 165 75 85
2001 to 2010 355 160 200
2011 to 202182 680 390 295
2011 to 2015 280 135 140
2016 to 2021 405 250 150
Non-permanent residents83 2,335 1,345 990
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 2,185 1,085 1,095
Under 5 years 325 155 175
5 to 14 years 395 205 190
15 to 24 years 425 200 225
25 to 44 years 910 445 465
45 years and over 135 90 45
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 2,185 1,085 1,095
Americas 515 240 275
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 10 0 10
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 20 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 0
United States of America 410 185 225
Other places of birth in Americas 40 25 15
Europe 745 370 375
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 90 35 55
Greece 10 0 0
Hungary 15 10 0
Italy 35 20 10
Netherlands 50 40 10
Poland 25 0 20
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 10 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 10 10
United Kingdom87 370 165 210
Other places of birth in Europe 115 60 50
Africa 205 120 85
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
Egypt 35 30 10
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 25 10 10
Nigeria 65 25 40
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 55 35 15
Asia 700 340 355
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 35 15 20
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 10 0 0
China90 120 60 60
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 45 20 25
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 205 95 110
Viet Nam 35 15 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 105 50 55
Pakistan 45 25 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 70 35 30
Oceania and other places of birth93 20 15 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 405 255 150
Americas 40 30 15
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 10 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 25 10 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 65 50 15
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 20 10 10
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 25 25 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 55 25 25
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 20 15 10
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 30 10 15
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 240 145 95
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 45 25 20
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 55 40 15
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 85 55 30
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 0
Oceania and other93 10 10 0
Australia 10 10 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 96,640 46,420 50,225
First generation100 4,960 2,620 2,335
Second generation101 4,535 2,170 2,365
Third generation or more102 87,140 41,625 45,520
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,355 705 655
Economic immigrants104 805 460 350
Principal applicants105 415 295 125
Secondary applicants106 395 165 230
Immigrants sponsored by family107 460 200 260
Refugees108 85 45 40
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,355 705 655
Asylum claim before admission111 25 10 10
Work permits only before admission112 320 200 120
Study permits only before admission113 95 55 40
Work and study permits before admission114 130 85 50
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 780 360 425
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 96,640 46,420 50,220
Total visible minority population118 4,945 2,605 2,335
South Asian 1,985 1,140 845
Chinese 615 315 295
Black 1,255 625 630
Filipino 340 155 190
Arab 220 140 80
Latin American 80 25 50
Southeast Asian 140 55 80
West Asian 75 40 35
Korean 80 30 45
Japanese 25 10 15
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 50 25 25
Multiple visible minorities 75 30 45
Not a visible minority120 91,695 43,810 47,885
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 96,640 46,420 50,220
Canadian 15,050 7,185 7,860
English 19,780 9,360 10,425
Irish 22,125 10,285 11,840
Scottish 36,210 17,080 19,125
French, n.o.s.122 13,430 6,330 7,100
German 2,995 1,410 1,585
Chinese 575 285 295
Italian 3,635 1,785 1,850
Indian (India) 1,295 705 590
Ukrainian 1,345 680 660
Dutch 1,150 530 620
Polish 2,255 1,190 1,065
Québécois 35 25 15
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,285 630 650
Filipino 285 125 160
French Canadian 290 130 170
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 4,955 2,295 2,660
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,815 900 920
Métis 1,090 540 550
European, n.o.s.126 2,645 1,315 1,330
Russian 235 125 115
Norwegian 385 155 230
Welsh 1,555 690 865
Portuguese 140 60 80
American 265 115 150
Spanish 360 165 195
Swedish 285 95 190
Hungarian 405 215 185
Acadian 2,220 1,025 1,200
Pakistani 80 40 45
African, n.o.s.127 370 205 160
Jewish 180 105 70
Punjabi 255 180 80
Vietnamese 90 30 60
Arab, n.o.s.128 45 30 15
Greek 280 145 140
Jamaican 50 35 15
Asian, n.o.s.129 295 180 120
Cree, n.o.s.130 135 55 75
Korean 85 35 50
Romanian 130 80 55
Lebanese 895 495 405
Iranian 45 15 25
Christian, n.i.e.131 305 130 170
Danish 200 65 135
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 695 320 375
Sikh 165 115 50
Austrian 225 140 90
Belgian 495 245 250
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 185 115 70
Mexican 20 10 15
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 50 0 40
Finnish 65 25 40
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 60 20 40
Japanese 25 10 20
South Asian, n.o.s.133 45 15 30
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 4,430 2,120 2,310
Northern European, n.o.s.135 195 85 115
Muslim 20 20 0
Egyptian 70 50 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 10 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 20 10 15
Colombian 20 0 20
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 100 45 50
Syrian 110 60 50
Guyanese 45 10 35
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 160 80 80
Serbian 10 0 0
Ojibway 55 10 40
Newfoundlander 1,465 650 815
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 45 15 30
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 90 60 35
Bangladeshi 25 15 10
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 15
Nigerian 40 10 35
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 40 0 30
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 100 45 55
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 35 15 20
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 10 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 35 10 25
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 50 20 30
Algonquin 10 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 75 30 45
Lithuanian 155 75 80
South African 0 0 0
Australian 10 0 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 2,030 1,005 1,025
Ethiopian 10 0 10
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 10 0 10
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 35 25
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 55 20 35
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 80 40 40
New Brunswicker 30 10 25
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean