Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Brandon--SourisMore information:
Manitoba
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 89,812 ... ...
Population, 20161 88,170 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 1.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 40,568 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 36,472 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 17,968.60 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 89,810 44,470 45,340
0 to 14 years 17,045 8,890 8,160
0 to 4 years 5,460 2,820 2,640
5 to 9 years 5,940 3,135 2,805
10 to 14 years 5,645 2,935 2,710
15 to 64 years 55,910 28,000 27,910
15 to 19 years 5,285 2,745 2,540
20 to 24 years 5,790 3,025 2,770
25 to 29 years 5,930 3,090 2,845
30 to 34 years 6,235 3,110 3,125
35 to 39 years 6,075 3,045 3,035
40 to 44 years 5,640 2,765 2,865
45 to 49 years 5,120 2,570 2,550
50 to 54 years 4,710 2,355 2,355
55 to 59 years 5,430 2,580 2,850
60 to 64 years 5,685 2,725 2,965
65 years and over 16,850 7,575 9,275
65 to 69 years 4,980 2,450 2,525
70 to 74 years 4,325 2,035 2,295
75 to 79 years 2,925 1,305 1,620
80 to 84 years 2,175 930 1,240
85 years and over 2,450 860 1,585
85 to 89 years 1,380 520 865
90 to 94 years 795 280 520
95 to 99 years 225 55 170
100 years and over 45 10 35
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.0 20.0 18.0
15 to 64 years 62.3 63.0 61.6
65 years and over 18.8 17.0 20.5
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.5
Average age of the population 40.3 39.0 41.6
Median age of the population 38.8 37.2 40.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 36,470 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,915 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,300 ... ...
Row house 1,985 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 610 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,970 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 725 ... ...
Other single-attached house 50 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,920 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 36,470 ... ...
1 person 10,945 ... ...
2 persons 13,410 ... ...
3 persons 4,840 ... ...
4 persons 4,430 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,845 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 85,755 42,655 43,095
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 72,760 35,580 37,185
Married or living common-law 43,295 21,605 21,685
Married 36,060 18,000 18,065
Living common-law 7,230 3,605 3,625
Living common law - Never married 5,375 2,725 2,650
Living common law - Separated 250 125 125
Living common law - Divorced 1,420 680 740
Living common law - Widowed 180 75 105
Not married and not living common-law 29,465 13,975 15,495
Not married and not living common law - Never married 19,380 10,810 8,575
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,490 645 840
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,045 1,615 2,430
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 4,555 905 3,655
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 24,140 ... ...
2 persons 13,010 ... ...
3 persons 4,530 ... ...
4 persons 4,230 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,365 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 24,135 ... ...
Total couple families 20,715 ... ...
Married couples 17,100 ... ...
With children6 8,190 ... ...
Without children 8,910 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,615 ... ...
With children6 1,460 ... ...
Without children 2,155 ... ...
Total one-parent families 3,430 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,700 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 730 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 85,755 42,660 43,100
Total - Persons in census families 69,375 34,585 34,785
Married spouses or common-law partners 41,425 20,695 20,730
Parents in one-parent families 3,425 730 2,695
Children6 24,515 13,155 11,365
In a two-parent family 18,835 10,055 8,775
In a one-parent family 5,685 3,100 2,585
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,385 8,075 8,310
Living alone 10,945 5,020 5,925
Living with other relatives7 1,845 920 920
Living with non-relatives only 3,595 2,130 1,465
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 36,470 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 22,385 ... ...
Couple-family households 19,580 ... ...
With children6 9,060 ... ...
Without children 10,520 ... ...
One-parent-family households 2,805 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 445 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 110 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 830 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,760 ... ...
One-person households 10,945 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 69,410 34,120 35,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 67,465 33,105 34,355
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200 47,600 36,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 67,530 33,150 34,385
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 40,800 32,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 62,065 30,995 31,070
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 42,800 27,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 51,015 26,560 24,465
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 43,200 28,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 61,080 29,470 31,610
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,950 4,600 10,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,850 3,055 3,790
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,520 5,280
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,735 6,650 8,090
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 7,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 69,245 34,045 35,200
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 67,560 33,210 34,350
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,680 54,800 42,760
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 67,620 33,230 34,385
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,320 44,440 36,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 62,230 31,075 31,160
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,080 50,560 35,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 50,915 26,620 24,295
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,720 48,840 36,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 61,260 29,475 31,785
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,930 8,450 11,290
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 7,160 3,225 3,935
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,630 6,490 6,740
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,060 6,735 8,325
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,050 7,910 8,170
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 69,245 34,040 35,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 24,720 14,545 10,170
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 56,000 60,800 49,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 62,150 66,700 55,650
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 20,065 8,980 11,085
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,200 18,200 16,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,960 29,200 23,320
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 81.6 86.4 75.6
Employment income (%)19 66.2 71.4 59.5
Government transfers (%)20 18.5 13.7 24.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.2 1.8
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.8 3.6 6.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.7 2.9 4.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 69,410 34,125 35,290
Without total income 1,945 1,010 930
With total income 67,465 33,110 34,355
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,430 2,510 2,920
$10,000 to $19,999 7,800 3,140 4,655
$20,000 to $29,999 10,430 4,205 6,230
$30,000 to $39,999 9,135 3,750 5,390
$40,000 to $49,999 8,525 3,850 4,675
$50,000 to $59,999 6,960 3,670 3,290
$60,000 to $69,999 5,305 3,100 2,205
$70,000 to $79,999 3,885 2,450 1,430
$80,000 to $89,999 2,900 1,725 1,175
$90,000 to $99,999 2,230 1,305 925
$100,000 and over 4,865 3,400 1,470
$100,000 to $149,999 3,625 2,490 1,130
$150,000 and over 1,245 910 335
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 69,410 34,125 35,290
Without after-tax income 1,875 975 905
With after-tax income 67,530 33,145 34,380
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,815 2,655 3,160
$10,000 to $19,999 8,460 3,415 5,050
$20,000 to $29,999 12,455 5,100 7,355
$30,000 to $39,999 11,305 4,900 6,405
$40,000 to $49,999 9,910 5,055 4,860
$50,000 to $59,999 7,080 4,140 2,940
$60,000 to $69,999 4,780 2,905 1,870
$70,000 to $79,999 3,180 1,865 1,315
$80,000 to $89,999 1,770 1,115 655
$90,000 to $99,999 975 700 275
$100,000 and over 1,800 1,305 495
$100,000 to $124,999 985 715 270
$125,000 and over 815 590 230
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 69,410 34,125 35,290
Without employment income 18,390 7,565 10,825
With employment income 51,020 26,555 24,460
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,780 3,130 3,655
$5,000 to $9,999 4,065 1,735 2,335
$10,000 to $19,999 6,480 2,880 3,600
$20,000 to $29,999 5,270 2,295 2,975
$30,000 to $39,999 5,315 2,455 2,855
$40,000 to $49,999 5,225 2,580 2,645
$50,000 to $59,999 4,375 2,530 1,840
$60,000 to $69,999 3,440 2,220 1,220
$70,000 to $79,999 2,730 1,800 925
$80,000 to $89,999 2,225 1,350 880
$90,000 to $99,999 1,640 955 685
$100,000 and over 3,480 2,630 850
$100,000 to $124,999 1,905 1,360 545
$125,000 and over 1,575 1,270 305
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 69,410 34,120 35,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,655 32,175 33,475
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 46,400 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,670 32,175 33,490
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 40,000 30,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 60,980 30,355 30,625
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 43,600 28,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 51,055 26,360 24,700
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,000 43,200 29,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 56,645 27,450 29,195
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,680 1,310 6,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 5,390 2,525 2,860
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,920 6,120 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 69,245 34,045 35,200
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,740 32,275 33,465
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,560 53,150 40,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,770 32,280 33,490
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 42,920 34,040
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 61,220 30,400 30,815
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,160 50,840 35,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 51,105 26,475 24,630
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,560 49,080 35,520
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 56,650 27,470 29,180
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,370 6,150 8,520
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,540 2,670 2,870
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,420 6,890 7,930
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 69,245 34,040 35,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 24,505 14,455 10,055
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,400 56,800 46,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 59,000 63,750 52,150
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 18,855 8,335 10,515
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,400 25,200 20,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,440 34,880 26,880
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.4 90.2 81.6
Employment income (%) 71.0 75.8 65.0
Government transfers (%) 13.6 9.9 18.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.1 1.7
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 36,475 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 10,945 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 25,525 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 36,450 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 90,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 74,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,955 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,680 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,760 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 25,490 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 108,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 89,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 36,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 340 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 300 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 540 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 575 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,485 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,500 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,325 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,520 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,660 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,555 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,915 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,880 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,580 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,390 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,275 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,640 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,100 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,175 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 36,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 425 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 310 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 565 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 625 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,665 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,785 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,605 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,905 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,900 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,810 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,590 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,375 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,030 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,715 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,415 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,765 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,125 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,300 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,330 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 24,255 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 10,670 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 9,700 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 121,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,220 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 14,540 7,150 7,390
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 38,000 42,000 35,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 36,000 32,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 24,180 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,575 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 98,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 109,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,195 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 63,850 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 14,530 7,100 7,430
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 44,920 47,440 42,560
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,800 39,560 36,080
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 85,750 42,655 43,100
0 to 17 years 19,400 10,120 9,280
0 to 5 years 6,335 3,265 3,075
18 to 64 years 51,085 25,460 25,625
65 years and over 15,270 7,075 8,190
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,600 5,310 6,295
0 to 17 years 3,300 1,670 1,630
0 to 5 years 1,135 585 550
18 to 64 years 5,890 2,730 3,165
65 years and over 2,410 905 1,505
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.4 14.6
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 16.5 17.6
0 to 5 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.7 12.3
65 years and over (%) 15.8 12.8 18.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 85,430 42,490 42,940
0 to 17 years 19,285 10,055 9,230
0 to 5 years 6,295 3,245 3,050
18 to 64 years 50,900 25,365 25,535
65 years and over 15,250 7,070 8,180
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,780 1,945 1,835
0 to 17 years 825 425 395
0 to 5 years 265 140 125
18 to 64 years 2,675 1,375 1,295
65 years and over 285 140 145
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.4 4.6 4.3
0 to 17 years (%) 4.3 4.2 4.3
0 to 5 years (%) 4.2 4.4 4.1
18 to 64 years (%) 5.3 5.4 5.1
65 years and over (%) 1.9 2.0 1.8
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 85,755 42,655 43,100
In bottom half of the distribution 50,945 24,695 26,255
In bottom decile 9,925 4,705 5,215
In second decile 10,885 4,985 5,900
In third decile 10,205 4,920 5,280
In fourth decile 10,250 5,180 5,070
In fifth decile 9,685 4,905 4,780
In top half of the distribution 34,810 17,965 16,845
In sixth decile 8,945 4,630 4,310
In seventh decile 8,490 4,345 4,140
In eighth decile 7,370 3,780 3,595
In ninth decile 6,150 3,185 2,970
In top decile 3,850 2,015 1,835
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 85,755 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.310 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.417 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.271 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 88,230 43,735 44,495
English only 83,070 41,340 41,725
French only 35 25 10
English and French 3,845 1,795 2,050
Neither English nor French 1,280 575 710
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 88,230 43,735 44,495
English 85,840 42,610 43,240
French 980 495 485
English and French 160 85 75
Neither English nor French 1,255 560 695
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 88,230 43,735 44,495
Single responses 86,140 42,680 43,455
Official languages 73,305 36,420 36,885
English 72,205 35,870 36,335
French 1,100 550 555
Non-official languages 12,830 6,265 6,570
Indigenous languages39 300 125 170
Algonquian languages 185 80 110
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 115 45 65
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 115 45 65
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 5 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 15 30
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 55 25 30
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 30 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 5 5
Ojibway languages 60 25 40
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 15 5 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 40 20 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 100 45 55
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 100 45 55
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 12,530 6,130 6,400
Afro-Asiatic languages 795 430 370
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0 0
Hausa 5 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 140 70 65
Bilen 50 35 20
Oromo 15 10 5
Somali 70 25 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 650 355 295
Amharic 305 155 145
Arabic 155 85 65
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 190 115 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 25 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 55 25 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 975 460 515
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 25 10 20
Cebuano 60 25 30
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 5 10
Ilocano 20 10 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10
Pangasinan 0 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 795 385 410
Waray-Waray 5 5 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15
Creole languages 80 45 40
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 60 30 30
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Dravidian languages 125 60 65
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 90 45 50
Tamil 20 10 10
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 8,515 4,165 4,350
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 970 450 520
Baltic languages 5 5 5
Latvian 5 5 0
Lithuanian 5 0 5
Slavic languages 965 450 515
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 10 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 70 25 45
Russian 260 125 130
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 15
Bosnian 10 5 10
Croatian 5 0 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 595 280 315
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 15 5 10
Irish 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0
Welsh 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 3,200 1,510 1,695
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 2,195 1,020 1,175
German 2,180 1,015 1,165
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 640 305 335
Afrikaans 130 70 65
Dutch 105 50 55
Low German, n.o.s. 125 50 75
Low Saxon 10 0 5
Plautdietsch 220 105 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 25 25
Scandinavian languages 25 10 20
Danish 15 5 5
Icelandic 5 5 5
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 345 175 165
Greek 25 15 15
Indo-Iranian languages 2,055 1,085 975
Indo-Aryan languages 2,010 1,055 950
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 20 10
Gujarati 1,270 685 585
Hindi 95 55 40
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 475 230 245
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
Urdu 120 55 65
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 45 25 25
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 5 5
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 10 5
Persian languages 30 15 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,240 1,105 1,140
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 25 10 15
Portuguese 70 25 45
Romanian 15 5 10
Spanish 2,130 1,055 1,075
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 0 10
Korean 170 90 85
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 295 145 145
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 35 15 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 10 5 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 45 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 155 80 75
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 5
American Sign Language 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430 675 750
Chinese languages 1,430 675 750
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 995 470 525
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0
Yue (Cantonese) 375 180 200
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 25 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 5 10
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,095 1,060 1,040
English and French 320 165 150
English and non-official language(s) 1,550 775 775
French and non-official language(s) 45 20 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 20 10
Multiple non-official languages 160 85 80
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 88,230 43,735 44,495
English 74,295 36,895 37,400
French 185 100 90
Non-official language 4,510 2,140 2,365
Indigenous39 35 15 20
Non-Indigenous 4,475 2,130 2,350
English and French 655 325 325
English and non-official language(s) 7,695 3,835 3,860
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 170 75 95
Multiple non-official languages 710 360 350
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 88,230 43,735 44,495
Single responses 86,240 42,725 43,515
Official languages 77,785 38,595 39,185
English 77,510 38,450 39,055
French 275 145 130
Non-official languages 8,460 4,130 4,330
Indigenous languages39 60 30 30
Algonquian languages 35 15 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 10 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 30 15 10
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 25 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 8,395 4,100 4,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 585 305 280
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 105 50 55
Bilen 45 30 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 15 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 480 255 220
Amharic 215 110 100
Arabic 105 55 50
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 155 90 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 530 270 260
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 10
Cebuano 30 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5
Ilocano 10 5 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 440 230 215
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Creole languages 55 25 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 45 25 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 95 45 45
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 65 40 30
Tamil 10 5 10
Telugu 15 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,645 2,745 2,905
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 435 230 205
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 435 230 205
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 10 5
Russian 175 90 90
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 245 130 115
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,760 795 965
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,215 540 670
German 1,210 540 675
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 240 100 140
Afrikaans 85 45 45
Dutch 10 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 105 45 65
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 35 15 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 300 150 150
Greek 15 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,755 895 860
Indo-Aryan languages 1,720 880 845
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 0
Gujarati 1,130 590 545
Hindi 75 40 40
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 420 200 215
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5
Urdu 85 40 45
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 5
Persian languages 15 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 5 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,680 815 860
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5
Portuguese 30 15 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 1,645 800 845
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 125 65 65
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 110 50 55
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 45 20 20
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 10
American Sign Language 20 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,165 555 610
Chinese languages 1,165 555 610
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 820 385 440
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 315 155 160
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,990 1,010 980
English and French 130 60 65
English and non-official language(s) 1,810 925 885
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 35 20 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 88,230 43,735 44,495
None 80,660 39,970 40,695
English 2,795 1,410 1,385
French 475 235 235
Non-official language 3,320 1,620 1,700
Indigenous39 275 105 165
Non-Indigenous 3,045 1,510 1,535
English and French 35 15 20
English and non-official language(s) 520 255 260
French and non-official language(s) 95 45 50
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 325 185 145
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 85,700 42,705 42,995
Official languages 84,595 42,225 42,375
English 84,550 42,185 42,370
French 3,760 1,735 2,025
Non-official languages 14,655 7,240 7,415
Indigenous languages39 645 280 370
Algonquian languages 380 165 210
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 200 85 110
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 200 85 110
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 55 15 35
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 135 65 70
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 180 85 100
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 10
Ojibway languages 170 80 90
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 20 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 25 10 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 125 55 75
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 275 105 160
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 265 105 160
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 14,020 6,975 7,050
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,195 600 595
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 15 0
Hausa 15 15 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 165 80 80
Bilen 55 35 20
Oromo 15 15 0
Somali 90 30 65
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,040 525 520
Amharic 635 330 310
Arabic 220 100 120
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 10 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 355 175 180
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 40 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 35 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,420 705 710
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 105 50 55
Cebuano 85 55 30
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 20 20
Ilocano 80 35 45
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,375 685 690
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60
Creole languages 210 100 110
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 100 50 55
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 160 90 65
Kannada 15 10 10
Malayalam 120 70 50
Tamil 55 35 15
Telugu 20 15 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 8,460 4,210 4,250
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,260 540 720
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 10 0 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,260 540 710
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 165 50 115
Russian 540 280 265
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 45 10 30
Bosnian 30 10 15
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 810 350 460
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,045 995 1,055
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,405 670 730
German 1,405 670 730
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 760 370 395
Afrikaans 235 120 115
Dutch 130 45 95
Low German, n.o.s. 35 10 20
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 325 165 155
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 30 15
Scandinavian languages 50 20 30
Danish 45 15 25
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Greek 25 20 0
Indo-Iranian languages 2,465 1,340 1,135
Indo-Aryan languages 2,435 1,315 1,120
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 1,495 825 665
Hindi 1,350 765 585
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 25 0
Nepali 10 10 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 625 320 305
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 170 85 85
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 30 15 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,820 1,400 1,420
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 55 20 30
Portuguese 85 30 50
Romanian 15 10 0
Spanish 2,710 1,345 1,360
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 60 20 40
Korean 130 65 60
Mongolian 15 0 15
Niger-Congo languages 890 485 405
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 15 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 150 95 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 10 10 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 130 75 60
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 515 255 265
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 55 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 155 80 80
American Sign Language 140 65 80
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,500 705 790
Chinese languages 1,495 705 790
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,150 510 640
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 15 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 505 255 255
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 35 20 20
Lao 25 15 10
Thai 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 15 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 85,700 42,705 42,995
Indigenous identity45 10,235 4,880 5,355
Single Indigenous responses46 9,910 4,755 5,155
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,165 2,390 2,775
Métis 4,720 2,360 2,365
Inuk (Inuit) 30 10 20
Multiple Indigenous responses47 235 90 140
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 95 40 55
Non-Indigenous identity 75,460 37,820 37,640
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 85,700 42,705 42,995
Registered or Treaty Indian49 4,650 2,065 2,585
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 81,045 40,640 40,410
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 36,450 ... ...
Owner 25,080 ... ...
Renter 11,260 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 105 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 36,450 ... ...
Condominium 3,080 ... ...
Not condominium 33,375 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 36,450 ... ...
No bedrooms 270 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,250 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,805 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,710 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,415 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 36,450 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,885 ... ...
5 rooms 6,160 ... ...
6 rooms 5,580 ... ...
7 rooms 4,795 ... ...
8 or more rooms 11,035 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 36,450 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 35,680 ... ...
More than one person per room 765 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 36,450 ... ...
Suitable 34,925 ... ...
Not suitable 1,520 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 36,450 ... ...
1960 or before 9,470 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,905 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,005 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,950 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,705 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,055 ... ...
2011 to 2015 2,485 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,865 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 36,450 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 34,225 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,225 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 36,450 ... ...
One-maintainer household 19,360 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 16,170 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 920 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 36,450 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,945 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,905 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,500 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,465 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,375 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,605 ... ...
75 to 84 years 3,400 ... ...
85 years and over 1,250 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 34,755 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 29,870 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 4,880 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,355 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 36,450 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 8,000 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,400 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,220 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,775 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 160 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 310 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 130 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 28,445 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 34,225 ... ...
In core need 2,530 ... ...
Not in core need 31,700 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 23,600 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 56.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 7.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 890 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,064 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 260,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 276,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 11,215 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 17.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 27.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 14.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 900 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 931 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 105 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 0 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 112 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 85,695 42,705 42,995
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 5,195 2,355 2,835
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 5,065 2,295 2,770
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 3,980 1,795 2,190
Métis single ancestry 1,075 495 580
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 130 65 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 110 65 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 20 0 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 5,360 2,750 2,605
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 5,090 2,625 2,465
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,290 1,195 1,095
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,755 1,415 1,335
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 0 35
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 270 130 140
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 270 125 140
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 75,140 37,590 37,550
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 85,695 42,700 42,995
Canadian citizens77 78,040 38,900 39,140
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,115 9,575 8,535
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 59,925 29,320 30,605
Not Canadian citizens78 7,655 3,805 3,855
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 85,695 42,700 42,995
Non-immigrants80 73,020 36,420 36,600
Immigrants81 11,450 5,575 5,875
Before 1980 915 405 500
1980 to 1990 500 240 255
1991 to 2000 600 270 335
2001 to 2010 3,625 1,800 1,820
2011 to 202182 5,815 2,850 2,960
2011 to 2015 2,575 1,325 1,250
2016 to 2021 3,235 1,530 1,710
Non-permanent residents83 1,230 705 520
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 11,450 5,575 5,875
Under 5 years 1,120 565 555
5 to 14 years 2,395 1,170 1,225
15 to 24 years 1,570 710 860
25 to 44 years 5,645 2,740 2,905
45 years and over 720 390 330
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 11,450 5,575 5,875
Americas 2,505 1,190 1,315
Brazil 30 10 20
Colombia 265 110 155
El Salvador 990 520 470
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 95 30 60
Mexico 135 55 85
Peru 15 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 15
United States of America 400 170 235
Other places of birth in Americas 550 275 275
Europe 2,495 1,180 1,320
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 10 25
Croatia 0 0 0
France 45 15 30
Germany 480 270 215
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 20 15 0
Netherlands 100 40 60
Poland 70 20 50
Portugal 25 10 10
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 180 90 95
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 365 180 185
United Kingdom87 1,005 435 570
Other places of birth in Europe 140 80 65
Africa 2,000 1,030 970
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 35 20 15
Egypt 10 10 0
Eritrea 250 140 110
Ethiopia 405 215 190
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 600 315 285
Somalia 80 25 55
South Africa, Republic of 200 110 90
Other places of birth in Africa 405 185 225
Asia 4,430 2,170 2,255
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 20 10 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 30 15 10
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 1,045 490 550
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 85 40 45
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 1,290 595 695
Viet Nam 25 10 15
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 1,605 835 770
Pakistan 115 65 55
Sri Lanka 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Asia 185 85 100
Oceania and other places of birth93 25 15 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 3,240 1,530 1,705
Americas 375 175 205
Brazil 30 10 20
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 65 20 45
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 50 35 20
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 200 110 95
Europe 250 140 110
France 0 0 0
Germany 80 50 30
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 45 25 20
Ukraine 50 30 25
United Kingdom87 30 20 10
Other places of birth in Europe 20 0 20
Africa 1,045 495 550
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 25 15 10
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 175 90 85
Ethiopia 130 55 75
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 430 220 210
Somalia 70 15 55
South Africa, Republic of 60 25 35
Sudan97 45 30 15
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 100 40 65
Asia 1,555 715 845
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 170 75 90
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 870 410 460
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 20 10 10
Philippines 435 185 255
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 25 15 15
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 0
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 10 0 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 85,700 42,705 42,995
First generation100 13,160 6,545 6,615
Second generation101 9,430 4,760 4,665
Third generation or more102 63,110 31,405 31,710
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 10,540 5,165 5,370
Economic immigrants104 7,795 3,975 3,820
Principal applicants105 2,940 2,080 860
Secondary applicants106 4,860 1,900 2,960
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,780 685 1,095
Refugees108 945 495 445
Other immigrants109 25 0 15
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 10,540 5,165 5,370
Asylum claim before admission111 45 25 20
Work permits only before admission112 1,695 1,070 620
Study permits only before admission113 220 90 135
Work and study permits before admission114 435 275 160
Other permits before admission115 25 0 20
No pre-admission experience116 8,120 3,705 4,415
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 85,700 42,705 42,995
Total visible minority population118 12,080 6,240 5,835
South Asian 2,705 1,455 1,255
Chinese 1,550 760 790
Black 3,050 1,620 1,435
Filipino 1,595 785 810
Arab 105 50 55
Latin American 2,230 1,140 1,090
Southeast Asian 290 165 130
West Asian 35 25 15
Korean 130 70 60
Japanese 55 15 45
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 40 15 25
Multiple visible minorities 290 140 145
Not a visible minority120 73,620 36,460 37,155
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 85,700 42,700 42,995
Canadian 9,835 5,015 4,820
English 24,290 11,655 12,635
Irish 15,505 7,290 8,215
Scottish 21,525 10,645 10,875
French, n.o.s.122 7,150 3,655 3,495
German 11,060 5,495 5,565
Chinese 1,670 830 845
Italian 680 375 305
Indian (India) 1,775 920 855
Ukrainian 9,230 4,505 4,725
Dutch 2,990 1,410 1,580
Polish 4,215 1,955 2,255
Québécois 45 20 25
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,970 1,045 925
Filipino 1,555 790 765
French Canadian 385 185 205
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,725 990 735
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 2,300 1,220 1,090
Métis 4,230 2,105 2,125
European, n.o.s.126 990 470 525
Russian 2,105 1,130 975
Norwegian 1,695 790 905
Welsh 1,920 895 1,025
Portuguese 160 90 75
American 635 320 315
Spanish 365 210 160
Swedish 1,385 685 700
Hungarian 505 215 290
Acadian 75 40 30
Pakistani 100 40 55
African, n.o.s.127 450 245 200
Jewish 145 60 80
Punjabi 185 125 60
Vietnamese 75 40 40
Arab, n.o.s.128 95 30 70
Greek 110 60 50
Jamaican 230 115 120
Asian, n.o.s.129 290 165 125
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,280 575 710
Korean 140 80 60
Romanian 380 175 205
Lebanese 50 0 45
Iranian 30 25 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 400 205 195
Danish 650 285 365
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 955 460 495
Sikh 75 35 35
Austrian 670 310 360
Belgian 3,695 1,930 1,760
Haitian 10 10 0
Hindu 565 320 245
Mexican 275 130 145
Mennonite 1,730 820 910
Swiss 345 190 160
Finnish 255 115 135
Sri Lankan 10 0 10
Croatian 65 40 25
Japanese 80 35 50
South Asian, n.o.s.133 30 10 25
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 115 60 55
Northern European, n.o.s.135 375 170 205
Muslim 55 20 35
Egyptian 35 15 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 420 210 205
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 1,535 720 815
Colombian 305 125 180
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 200 110 90
Syrian 25 15 10
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 105 60 50
Serbian 25 10 15
Ojibway 875 385 495
Newfoundlander 60 35 20
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 50 15 35
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 25 10 20
Turkish 15 15 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 70 15 55
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 10 0
Nigerian 480 240 240
Armenian 55 20 35
Slovak 110 75 35
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 125 60 65
Somali 90 30 55
Taiwanese 25 0 20
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 745 375 365
African Caribbean 40 20 20
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 70 35 35
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 35 25 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 15 10 0
Algonquin 30 15 15
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 100 50 55
South African 220 120 105
Australian 50 20 25
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 30 15 10
Congolese 40 20 25
Nova Scotian 10 10 0
Ethiopian 335 190 140
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 150 90