Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic BrandonMore information:
Manitoba
[Population centre]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 50,532 ... ...
Population, 20161 48,345r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 4.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 22,320 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 21,003 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,759.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 28.73 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 50,525 24,625 25,905
0 to 14 years 9,325 4,830 4,490
0 to 4 years 2,950 1,520 1,425
5 to 9 years 3,325 1,720 1,600
10 to 14 years 3,050 1,590 1,465
15 to 64 years 32,905 16,285 16,620
15 to 19 years 3,115 1,570 1,540
20 to 24 years 3,880 1,950 1,925
25 to 29 years 3,650 1,860 1,790
30 to 34 years 3,770 1,835 1,940
35 to 39 years 3,745 1,880 1,865
40 to 44 years 3,485 1,725 1,760
45 to 49 years 3,030 1,525 1,510
50 to 54 years 2,630 1,300 1,330
55 to 59 years 2,885 1,355 1,525
60 to 64 years 2,710 1,275 1,430
65 years and over 8,300 3,510 4,790
65 to 69 years 2,375 1,130 1,245
70 to 74 years 2,065 900 1,165
75 to 79 years 1,385 565 820
80 to 84 years 1,185 475 710
85 years and over 1,290 435 850
85 to 89 years 745 270 470
90 to 94 years 420 140 280
95 to 99 years 105 25 85
100 years and over 25 5 20
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.5 19.6 17.3
15 to 64 years 65.1 66.1 64.2
65 years and over 16.4 14.3 18.5
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.3
Average age of the population 39.0 37.5 40.4
Median age of the population 36.8 35.6 38.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 21,005 ... ...
Single-detached house 10,875 ... ...
Semi-detached house 895 ... ...
Row house 1,600 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 530 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,205 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 720 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,135 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 21,000 ... ...
1 person 6,550 ... ...
2 persons 7,145 ... ...
3 persons 3,080 ... ...
4 persons 2,685 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,540 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 49,345 24,200 25,145
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 41,205 19,790 21,415
Married or living common-law 22,510 11,270 11,240
Married 18,295 9,165 9,125
Living common-law 4,215 2,100 2,110
Living common law - Never married 3,250 1,650 1,600
Living common law - Separated 140 70 70
Living common law - Divorced 755 355 395
Living common law - Widowed 70 25 45
Not married and not living common-law 18,695 8,525 10,170
Not married and not living common law - Never married 12,725 6,760 5,965
Not married and not living common law - Separated 945 370 575
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,625 950 1,680
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,400 445 1,955
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 13,360 ... ...
2 persons 6,840 ... ...
3 persons 2,825 ... ...
4 persons 2,520 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 13,360 ... ...
Total couple families 10,905 ... ...
Married couples 8,795 ... ...
With children6 4,615 ... ...
Without children 4,180 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,110 ... ...
With children6 850 ... ...
Without children 1,260 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,455 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,955 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 500 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 49,345 24,200 25,145
Total - Persons in census families 38,535 18,970 19,570
Married spouses or common-law partners 21,805 10,900 10,905
Parents in one-parent families 2,455 500 1,955
Children6 14,270 7,570 6,700
In a two-parent family 10,190 5,340 4,850
In a one-parent family 4,085 2,230 1,855
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 10,810 5,235 5,580
Living alone 6,550 2,870 3,685
Living with other relatives7 1,335 665 670
Living with non-relatives only 2,920 1,695 1,225
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 21,000 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 12,035 ... ...
Couple-family households 10,050 ... ...
With children6 5,020 ... ...
Without children 5,035 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,980 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 330 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 85 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 615 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,385 ... ...
One-person households 6,550 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 40,025 19,370 20,655
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 38,740 18,710 20,030
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200 47,200 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 38,770 18,735 20,040
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 40,800 32,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 35,150 17,310 17,840
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,800 42,800 27,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 29,125 14,885 14,240
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 44,400 30,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 35,630 16,910 18,725
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,650 4,600 9,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,485 1,990 2,500
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,160 5,400 5,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,200 4,640 5,560
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 7,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 40,025 19,365 20,660
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 38,880 18,805 20,075
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,880 55,200 42,960
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 38,915 18,815 20,100
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400 44,560 36,560
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 35,190 17,295 17,895
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,880 51,850 36,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 29,125 14,975 14,150
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,920 50,680 36,760
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 35,760 16,960 18,800
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,950 8,300 11,430
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,595 2,000 2,590
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,235 6,240 6,230
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,430 4,710 5,720
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,100 7,850 8,290
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 40,020 19,370 20,655
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,025 8,030 6,000
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 56,800 62,400 50,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,500 69,800 57,300
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 11,795 5,355 6,440
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,000 18,200 16,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,680 29,480 22,540
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 81.2 86.4 75.0
Employment income (%)19 67.4 73.2 60.3
Government transfers (%)20 18.7 13.6 24.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.2 1.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.6 4.3 7.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.4 3.6 5.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 40,030 19,375 20,655
Without total income 1,290 660 630
With total income 38,735 18,715 20,025
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,095 1,430 1,670
$10,000 to $19,999 4,345 1,695 2,645
$20,000 to $29,999 5,940 2,365 3,580
$30,000 to $39,999 5,425 2,220 3,205
$40,000 to $49,999 5,045 2,270 2,775
$50,000 to $59,999 4,075 2,100 1,975
$60,000 to $69,999 2,955 1,700 1,255
$70,000 to $79,999 2,125 1,310 815
$80,000 to $89,999 1,645 975 675
$90,000 to $99,999 1,325 740 580
$100,000 and over 2,750 1,905 840
$100,000 to $149,999 2,015 1,370 645
$150,000 and over 735 540 195
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 40,030 19,375 20,655
Without after-tax income 1,260 640 615
With after-tax income 38,770 18,730 20,040
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,275 1,480 1,790
$10,000 to $19,999 4,760 1,875 2,890
$20,000 to $29,999 7,125 2,895 4,230
$30,000 to $39,999 6,770 2,945 3,830
$40,000 to $49,999 5,765 2,885 2,885
$50,000 to $59,999 3,950 2,260 1,695
$60,000 to $69,999 2,690 1,590 1,105
$70,000 to $79,999 1,850 1,055 800
$80,000 to $89,999 960 595 365
$90,000 to $99,999 560 390 165
$100,000 and over 1,060 770 290
$100,000 to $124,999 575 415 160
$125,000 and over 490 360 135
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 40,030 19,375 20,655
Without employment income 10,905 4,485 6,415
With employment income 29,125 14,885 14,240
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,420 1,475 1,945
$5,000 to $9,999 2,320 940 1,385
$10,000 to $19,999 3,695 1,600 2,095
$20,000 to $29,999 3,010 1,310 1,700
$30,000 to $39,999 3,130 1,475 1,650
$40,000 to $49,999 3,130 1,520 1,615
$50,000 to $59,999 2,565 1,465 1,095
$60,000 to $69,999 1,910 1,220 685
$70,000 to $79,999 1,565 1,010 560
$80,000 to $89,999 1,340 815 530
$90,000 to $99,999 995 545 445
$100,000 and over 2,050 1,525 525
$100,000 to $124,999 1,080 755 325
$125,000 and over 975 770 195
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 40,025 19,370 20,655
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 37,590 18,145 19,445
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800 45,200 33,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 37,610 18,145 19,465
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,000 39,200 30,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 34,500 16,910 17,590
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 43,200 28,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 29,055 14,755 14,305
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 43,600 30,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 32,785 15,615 17,170
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,740 1,240 5,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 3,265 1,565 1,705
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,440 5,480 5,320
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 40,025 19,365 20,660
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 37,725 18,245 19,480
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,120 52,500 40,120
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 37,750 18,250 19,500
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,120 42,560 33,960
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 34,620 16,920 17,700
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,600 51,350 36,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,215 14,905 14,310
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,360 50,000 36,440
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 32,930 15,710 17,215
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,000 5,655 8,220
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,355 1,690 1,670
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,180 6,820 7,540
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 40,020 19,370 20,655
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 13,930 7,995 5,935
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,800 57,600 47,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,400 65,500 53,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 11,025 4,935 6,085
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,400 25,200 20,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,400 35,080 26,600
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.8 90.8 81.8
Employment income (%) 72.8 77.8 66.6
Government transfers (%) 13.2 9.3 18.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.2 1.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 21,000 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 6,550 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 14,450 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 21,010 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 90,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 74,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,560 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,960 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 14,445 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 109,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 21,000 ... ...
Under $5,000 205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 195 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 365 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 355 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 805 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 830 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 860 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 980 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 875 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,730 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,685 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,475 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,390 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,275 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,220 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,580 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,735 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,795 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,110 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 21,000 ... ...
Under $5,000 225 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 375 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 395 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 910 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,000 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 935 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,110 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,090 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,060 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,080 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,970 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,760 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,510 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,350 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,345 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,300 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,390 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 13,430 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 5,155 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,500 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,400 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 9,470 4,560 4,910
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 40,000 35,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,200 34,800 32,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 13,405 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 90,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,145 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 82,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,505 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 134,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,245 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 63,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 9,470 4,525 4,950
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 44,880 47,000 42,920
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,760 39,080 36,560
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 49,345 24,200 25,145
0 to 17 years 11,080 5,715 5,360
0 to 5 years 3,585 1,830 1,750
18 to 64 years 30,825 15,210 15,615
65 years and over 7,440 3,270 4,170
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,675 2,980 3,690
0 to 17 years 2,030 1,025 1,000
0 to 5 years 715 370 340
18 to 64 years 3,670 1,650 2,025
65 years and over 975 310 665
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.3 14.7
0 to 17 years (%) 18.3 18.0 18.7
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 20.4 19.2
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 10.8 12.9
65 years and over (%) 13.1 9.5 16.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 49,345 24,200 25,145
0 to 17 years 11,080 5,720 5,365
0 to 5 years 3,580 1,830 1,755
18 to 64 years 30,820 15,210 15,615
65 years and over 7,440 3,270 4,170
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,770 1,390 1,380
0 to 17 years 615 325 290
0 to 5 years 205 110 95
18 to 64 years 2,025 1,010 1,015
65 years and over 135 65 70
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.6 5.8 5.5
0 to 17 years (%) 5.5 5.6 5.4
0 to 5 years (%) 5.7 6.0 5.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.6 6.5
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.9 1.8
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 49,345 24,200 25,145
In bottom half of the distribution 29,495 14,025 15,465
In bottom decile 6,140 2,870 3,270
In second decile 6,265 2,820 3,445
In third decile 5,720 2,710 3,005
In fourth decile 5,770 2,845 2,920
In fifth decile 5,605 2,780 2,825
In top half of the distribution 19,855 10,170 9,680
In sixth decile 5,010 2,605 2,410
In seventh decile 4,905 2,490 2,420
In eighth decile 4,275 2,155 2,115
In ninth decile 3,410 1,745 1,670
In top decile 2,255 1,180 1,080
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 49,345 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.312 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.422 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.272 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 49,755 24,355 25,400
English only 46,245 22,740 23,505
French only 15 10 5
English and French 2,400 1,120 1,285
Neither English nor French 1,095 490 605
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 49,755 24,355 25,400
English 48,105 23,595 24,515
French 450 220 225
English and French 135 70 65
Neither English nor French 1,065 470 595
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 49,755 24,355 25,400
Single responses 48,090 23,530 24,565
Official languages 39,070 19,035 20,030
English 38,585 18,805 19,785
French 485 235 250
Non-official languages 9,020 4,490 4,530
Indigenous languages39 225 95 125
Algonquian languages 165 70 95
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 100 45 55
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 100 45 55
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 40 15 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 50 30 25
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 5
Ojibway languages 60 25 35
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 15 5 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 20 25
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 40 20 25
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 8,800 4,395 4,405
Afro-Asiatic languages 775 415 355
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0 0
Hausa 5 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 135 70 65
Bilen 50 35 20
Oromo 15 10 5
Somali 70 25 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 635 345 290
Amharic 305 155 145
Arabic 150 75 65
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 180 105 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 25 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 20 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 565 275 290
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 45 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 5 10
Ilocano 10 10 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 465 230 240
Waray-Waray 5 5 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 80 45 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 55 30 25
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Dravidian languages 100 50 50
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 70 35 30
Tamil 20 10 10
Telugu 5 0 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,370 2,695 2,670
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 745 345 400
Baltic languages 5 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 740 345 395
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 0 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 55 15 35
Russian 165 85 85
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
Bosnian 10 0 5
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 500 240 265
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 565 285 275
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 330 170 160
German 330 170 155
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 205 105 100
Afrikaans 80 40 35
Dutch 55 25 25
Low German, n.o.s. 20 5 5
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 60 25 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 10
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 5 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Greek 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,970 1,030 940
Indo-Aryan languages 1,920 1,000 915
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 20 10
Gujarati 1,240 665 575
Hindi 85 45 35
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 445 210 235
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10
Urdu 100 50 55
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 45 25 25
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 5 5
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 10 5
Persian languages 25 15 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,065 1,025 1,045
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 15 10
Portuguese 65 25 40
Romanian 15 5 10
Spanish 1,970 985 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 0 10
Korean 140 75 65
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 275 135 135
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 30 20 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 35 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 155 80 75
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,385 660 730
Chinese languages 1,385 660 725
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 990 470 520
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0
Yue (Cantonese) 350 165 180
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,665 830 835
English and French 185 95 90
English and non-official language(s) 1,300 645 655
French and non-official language(s) 40 15 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 120 65 60
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 49,755 24,355 25,400
English 39,620 19,320 20,305
French 60 30 30
Non-official language 3,285 1,620 1,665
Indigenous39 25 15 15
Non-Indigenous 3,260 1,605 1,655
English and French 365 175 195
English and non-official language(s) 5,900 2,960 2,940
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 150 65 85
Multiple non-official languages 360 185 175
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 49,755 24,355 25,400
Single responses 48,275 23,590 24,685
Official languages 42,095 20,525 21,570
English 41,995 20,475 21,520
French 95 50 50
Non-official languages 6,185 3,060 3,115
Indigenous languages39 45 20 25
Algonquian languages 30 10 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 10 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,140 3,040 3,095
Afro-Asiatic languages 560 295 265
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 105 50 55
Bilen 45 30 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 15 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 455 245 210
Amharic 215 110 100
Arabic 95 50 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 145 80 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 320 155 160
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 25 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 260 130 135
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Creole languages 55 25 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 45 25 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 70 40 35
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 30 20
Tamil 10 5 10
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,710 1,855 1,855
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 375 190 180
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 375 190 180
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 0
Russian 135 65 65
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 235 125 110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 85 45 40
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 30 15 10
German 30 15 10
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 50 25 30
Afrikaans 50 20 25
Dutch 5 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,680 855 825
Indo-Aryan languages 1,650 840 810
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 0
Gujarati 1,110 575 530
Hindi 65 35 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 385 185 200
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 5
Urdu 75 35 35
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 10 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 5 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,560 760 795
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 5
Portuguese 30 15 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 1,525 740 780
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 105 50 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 100 45 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 35 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 10 10
American Sign Language 15 5 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,145 545 600
Chinese languages 1,145 545 600
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 815 385 435
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 305 145 155
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,480 765 715
English and French 75 30 45
English and non-official language(s) 1,365 710 650
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 25 15 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 49,755 24,355 25,395
None 44,185 21,585 22,600
English 2,085 1,035 1,045
French 285 135 150
Non-official language 2,355 1,170 1,190
Indigenous39 200 85 115
Non-Indigenous 2,155 1,085 1,070
English and French 35 15 25
English and non-official language(s) 470 230 235
French and non-official language(s) 75 35 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 260 150 115
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 49,330 24,190 25,140
Official languages 48,285 23,720 24,560
English 48,275 23,710 24,560
French 2,365 1,100 1,255
Non-official languages 11,870 5,925 5,945
Indigenous languages39 470 195 275
Algonquian languages 330 145 185
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 160 75 90
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 160 75 90
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 15 30
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 105 50 55
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 175 75 100
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 165 75 90
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 20 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 25 10 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 120 45 75
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 155 55 105
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 150 50 100
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 11,410 5,740 5,670
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,180 590 580
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 15 0
Hausa 15 15 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 165 80 80
Bilen 55 35 20
Oromo 15 15 0
Somali 90 30 65
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,025 520 510
Amharic 630 320 305
Arabic 220 100 120
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 10 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 340 175 170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 35 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 35 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 780 415 365
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 15 10
Cebuano 80 50 30
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 20 20
Ilocano 40 25 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 745 400 350
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Creole languages 200 95 100
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 100 50 55
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Dravidian languages 145 90 60
Kannada 15 10 10
Malayalam 110 65 40
Tamil 45 35 10
Telugu 20 15 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,710 3,385 3,325
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 985 420 570
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 10 0 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 985 420 570
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 140 45 95
Russian 385 195 195
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15
Bosnian 15 0 15
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 705 310 395
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 840 385 455
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 510 240 270
German 505 240 265
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 335 150 190
Afrikaans 160 80 80
Dutch 75 20 55
Low German, n.o.s. 20 0 20
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 80 35 40
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 0
Scandinavian languages 40 15 25
Danish 35 15 20
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Greek 20 20 0
Indo-Iranian languages 2,355 1,285 1,070
Indo-Aryan languages 2,325 1,260 1,060
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 1,465 815 650
Hindi 1,310 750 560
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 25 0
Nepali 10 10 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 570 290 280
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 170 85 85
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 30 15 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,560 1,305 1,255
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 35 15 20
Portuguese 65 30 40
Romanian 15 10 0
Spanish 2,470 1,265 1,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 45 10 35
Korean 95 45 50
Mongolian 15 0 15
Niger-Congo languages 865 470 390
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 15 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 140 90 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 10 10 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 130 75 60
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 510 255 255
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 55 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 80 35 50
American Sign Language 70 25 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,450 680 770
Chinese languages 1,445 680 765
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,145 510 625
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 0 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 475 235 240
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15
Lao 25 15 10
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 15 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 49,325 24,190 25,135
Indigenous identity45 7,050 3,220 3,830
Single Indigenous responses46 6,830 3,140 3,685
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,925 1,755 2,170
Métis 2,885 1,380 1,505
Inuk (Inuit) 15 0 10
Multiple Indigenous responses47 160 60 105
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 60 25 40
Non-Indigenous identity 42,275 20,970 21,305
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 49,325 24,190 25,135
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,655 1,595 2,060
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 45,670 22,595 23,080
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 21,005 ... ...
Owner 12,710 ... ...
Renter 8,295 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 21,005 ... ...
Condominium 2,665 ... ...
Not condominium 18,340 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 21,005 ... ...
No bedrooms 235 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,180 ... ...
2 bedrooms 6,415 ... ...
3 bedrooms 6,860 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,315 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 21,005 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,440 ... ...
5 rooms 3,685 ... ...
6 rooms 2,945 ... ...
7 rooms 2,535 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,405 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 21,005 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 20,415 ... ...
More than one person per room 590 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 21,005 ... ...
Suitable 19,830 ... ...
Not suitable 1,175 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 21,005 ... ...
1960 or before 5,080 ... ...
1961 to 1980 6,680 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,160 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,815 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,165 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,375 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,510 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,220 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 21,005 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 19,815 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,195 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 21,005 ... ...
One-maintainer household 11,125 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 9,130 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 750 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 21,005 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,335 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,775 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,160 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,265 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,475 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,760 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,655 ... ...
85 years and over 595 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 20,960 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 17,535 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,425 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 3,045 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 21,005 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 5,355 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,095 ... ...
Not suitable only 945 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 880 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 125 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 205 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 105 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 15,655 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 20,575 ... ...
In core need 1,390 ... ...
Not in core need 19,185 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 12,705 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 2.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,120 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,189 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 290,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 299,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 8,295 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 16.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 29.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 14.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 950 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 977 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 49,325 24,190 25,140
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 3,935 1,705 2,225
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 3,855 1,670 2,190
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 3,150 1,390 1,760
Métis single ancestry 705 270 430
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 80 40 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 75 40 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,235 1,650 1,585
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,045 1,555 1,490
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,350 705 650
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,665 855 810
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 0 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 190 95 95
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 185 90 95
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 42,155 20,830 21,325
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 49,325 24,185 25,140
Canadian citizens77 43,000 20,965 22,035
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,930 5,120 4,800
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 33,075 15,845 17,230
Not Canadian citizens78 6,330 3,225 3,100
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 49,325 24,185 25,140
Non-immigrants80 39,210 19,075 20,140
Immigrants81 8,970 4,445 4,525
Before 1980 550 260 290
1980 to 1990 280 155 125
1991 to 2000 355 165 190
2001 to 2010 2,925 1,430 1,495
2011 to 202182 4,865 2,435 2,425
2011 to 2015 2,120 1,100 1,020
2016 to 2021 2,750 1,335 1,410
Non-permanent residents83 1,145 670 475
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 8,970 4,445 4,525
Under 5 years 840 460 380
5 to 14 years 1,710 850 855
15 to 24 years 1,215 540 675
25 to 44 years 4,665 2,315 2,350
45 years and over 540 285 255
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 8,970 4,445 4,525
Americas 2,090 1,020 1,075
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 250 105 145
El Salvador 970 505 460
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 90 30 60
Mexico 85 35 50
Peru 15 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 10
United States of America 180 90 90
Other places of birth in Americas 465 235 230
Europe 1,350 630 715
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 0 20
Croatia 0 0 0
France 15 0 10
Germany 190 125 60
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 65 20 40
Poland 60 20 40
Portugal 15 0 10
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 70 40 30
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 340 165 175
United Kingdom87 475 195 280
Other places of birth in Europe 75 35 35
Africa 1,890 965 925
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 35 20 15
Egypt 10 10 0
Eritrea 245 135 105
Ethiopia 405 215 190
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 580 305 275
Somalia 80 25 55
South Africa, Republic of 140 80 65
Other places of birth in Africa 395 175 220
Asia 3,620 1,815 1,800
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 20 10 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 30 15 10
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 1,010 475 535
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 70 30 35
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 680 335 345
Viet Nam 25 10 15
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 1,520 800 725
Pakistan 115 65 55
Sri Lanka 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Asia 120 60 60
Oceania and other places of birth93 15 10 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 2,745 1,335 1,410
Americas 325 160 160
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 65 20 45
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 40 25 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 190 110 85
Europe 120 75 45
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 25 20 10
Ukraine 50 30 25
United Kingdom87 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 10 0 10
Africa 1,015 480 535
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 25 15 10
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 170 85 85
Ethiopia 130 55 75
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 430 215 210
Somalia 70 15 55
South Africa, Republic of 55 25 25
Sudan97 45 30 15
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 95 35 60
Asia 1,275 615 660
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 170 75 90
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 825 385 435
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 20 10 10
Philippines 205 105 100
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 25 15 15
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 10 0 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 49,330 24,190 25,135
First generation100 10,380 5,250 5,130
Second generation101 5,535 2,725 2,810
Third generation or more102 33,405 16,210 17,195
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 8,420 4,185 4,235
Economic immigrants104 6,115 3,170 2,945
Principal applicants105 2,435 1,700 735
Secondary applicants106 3,675 1,470 2,210
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,385 530 850
Refugees108 900 480 430
Other immigrants109 20 0 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 8,420 4,185 4,235
Asylum claim before admission111 40 25 15
Work permits only before admission112 1,340 885 455
Study permits only before admission113 170 60 115
Work and study permits before admission114 390 245 145
Other permits before admission115 10 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 6,470 2,970 3,505
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 49,325 24,190 25,135
Total visible minority population118 10,610 5,520 5,090
South Asian 2,540 1,380 1,160
Chinese 1,495 730 765
Black 2,855 1,495 1,360
Filipino 870 450 415
Arab 105 45 55
Latin American 2,095 1,090 1,010
Southeast Asian 210 125 85
West Asian 30 20 15
Korean 95 50 45
Japanese 40 15 25
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 35 15 20
Multiple visible minorities 240 115 130
Not a visible minority120 38,720 18,670 20,050
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 49,330 24,185 25,140
Canadian 4,445 2,220 2,230
English 12,420 5,830 6,585
Irish 7,795 3,645 4,155
Scottish 10,865 5,380 5,490
French, n.o.s.122 3,570 1,835 1,735
German 6,060 2,980 3,080
Chinese 1,570 785 785
Italian 395 225 170
Indian (India) 1,660 870 785
Ukrainian 6,500 3,165 3,335
Dutch 1,455 655 795
Polish 2,935 1,395 1,540
Québécois 25 10 10
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,055 535 520
Filipino 905 495 405
French Canadian 240 130 110
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 765 430 340
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,755 895 855
Métis 2,630 1,255 1,380
European, n.o.s.126 450 200 245
Russian 1,080 565 520
Norwegian 960 435 520
Welsh 1,030 490 540
Portuguese 95 35 55
American 250 115 135
Spanish 280 155 120
Swedish 815 390 425
Hungarian 340 155 185
Acadian 40 15 25
Pakistani 95 40 55
African, n.o.s.127 400 210 185
Jewish 110 45 65
Punjabi 185 125 60
Vietnamese 70 40 35
Arab, n.o.s.128 90 25 70
Greek 85 45 40
Jamaican 210 105 105
Asian, n.o.s.129 185 105 80
Cree, n.o.s.130 915 410 505
Korean 100 65 45
Romanian 260 110 145
Lebanese 25 0 20
Iranian 30 25 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 305 170 140
Danish 400 180 220
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 670 345 325
Sikh 75 35 35
Austrian 355 180 180
Belgian 1,055 480 575
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 540 315 225
Mexican 145 75 70
Mennonite 605 250 355
Swiss 240 125 115
Finnish 140 50 90
Sri Lankan 10 0 0
Croatian 60 35 25
Japanese 50 25 30
South Asian, n.o.s.133 30 10 25
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 55 35 20
Northern European, n.o.s.135 200 70 125
Muslim 55 20 35
Egyptian 35 15 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 395 190 200
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 740 365 385
Colombian 295 120 170
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 120 70 50
Syrian 25 15 10
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 100 50 50
Serbian 15 10 10
Ojibway 730 300 425
Newfoundlander 30 20 10
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 10 0 10
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 15 10 10
Turkish 15 15 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 45 10 30
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 10 10 0
Nigerian 465 235 235
Armenian 45 20 30
Slovak 70 45 25
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 80 30 50
Somali 90 30 55
Taiwanese 25 0 20
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 705 355 350
African Caribbean 35 20 15
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 60 35 25
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 35 25 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 15 10 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 55 20 35
South African 135 70 70
Australian 10 0 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 40 20 25
Nova Scotian 10 10 0
Ethiopian 325 185 140
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 150 90 65
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 390 200 190
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 20 0 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 30 15 20
New Brunswicker 10 0 10
Gujarati 245 140 105
Eritrean