Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic BrandonMore information:
Manitoba
[Census agglomeration]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 54,268 ... ...
Population, 20161 51,807r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 4.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 23,674 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 22,283 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 44.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,232.81 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 54,270 26,655 27,610
0 to 14 years 10,015 5,175 4,835
0 to 4 years 3,160 1,630 1,535
5 to 9 years 3,540 1,835 1,710
10 to 14 years 3,310 1,715 1,595
15 to 64 years 35,420 17,695 17,725
15 to 19 years 3,340 1,705 1,635
20 to 24 years 4,090 2,095 2,000
25 to 29 years 3,880 2,010 1,875
30 to 34 years 4,040 1,985 2,055
35 to 39 years 4,015 2,035 1,975
40 to 44 years 3,755 1,855 1,900
45 to 49 years 3,300 1,675 1,620
50 to 54 years 2,840 1,410 1,430
55 to 59 years 3,160 1,500 1,655
60 to 64 years 3,000 1,420 1,580
65 years and over 8,835 3,790 5,045
65 to 69 years 2,575 1,240 1,335
70 to 74 years 2,240 990 1,250
75 to 79 years 1,475 615 870
80 to 84 years 1,230 500 730
85 years and over 1,310 445 865
85 to 89 years 760 275 475
90 to 94 years 425 140 280
95 to 99 years 105 25 80
100 years and over 20 5 20
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.5 19.4 17.5
15 to 64 years 65.3 66.4 64.2
65 years and over 16.3 14.2 18.3
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1
Average age of the population 39.1 37.7 40.4
Median age of the population 37.2 35.6 38.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 22,280 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,075 ... ...
Semi-detached house 915 ... ...
Row house 1,600 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 530 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,220 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 725 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,185 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 22,285 ... ...
1 person 6,770 ... ...
2 persons 7,700 ... ...
3 persons 3,235 ... ...
4 persons 2,900 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,675 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 52,750 25,925 26,825
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 44,260 21,485 22,770
Married or living common-law 24,550 12,315 12,240
Married 20,060 10,070 9,990
Living common-law 4,495 2,240 2,250
Living common law - Never married 3,425 1,735 1,690
Living common law - Separated 155 75 75
Living common law - Divorced 845 405 435
Living common law - Widowed 80 30 50
Not married and not living common-law 19,705 9,165 10,535
Not married and not living common law - Never married 13,505 7,305 6,200
Not married and not living common law - Separated 990 405 585
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,715 995 1,720
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,495 465 2,030
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 14,410 ... ...
2 persons 7,390 ... ...
3 persons 2,995 ... ...
4 persons 2,735 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,285 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 14,405 ... ...
Total couple families 11,885 ... ...
Married couples 9,635 ... ...
With children6 5,025 ... ...
Without children 4,605 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,250 ... ...
With children6 900 ... ...
Without children 1,345 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,525 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,010 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 515 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 52,750 25,920 26,825
Total - Persons in census families 41,610 20,505 21,110
Married spouses or common-law partners 23,765 11,875 11,885
Parents in one-parent families 2,525 515 2,010
Children6 15,320 8,115 7,210
In a two-parent family 11,125 5,830 5,295
In a one-parent family 4,200 2,290 1,910
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,135 5,420 5,720
Living alone 6,770 3,000 3,775
Living with other relatives7 1,390 695 695
Living with non-relatives only 2,980 1,725 1,250
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 22,280 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 13,025 ... ...
Couple-family households 10,985 ... ...
With children6 5,455 ... ...
Without children 5,535 ... ...
One-parent-family households 2,040 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 350 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 95 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 640 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,405 ... ...
One-person households 6,770 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 42,760 20,765 21,995
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 41,380 20,055 21,320
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,600 47,600 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 41,415 20,080 21,340
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 40,800 33,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 37,665 18,605 19,060
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 43,200 28,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,280 16,025 15,250
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 44,400 30,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 37,895 18,040 19,850
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,550 4,520 9,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,715 2,085 2,630
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,240 5,480 5,080
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,655 4,855 5,800
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 7,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 42,760 20,765 21,995
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 41,550 20,175 21,375
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,440 55,900 43,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 41,585 20,185 21,400
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,840 45,000 36,880
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 37,720 18,595 19,125
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,520 52,550 36,680
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,280 16,125 15,155
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,360 51,250 37,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 38,100 18,150 19,950
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,860 8,240 11,330
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,860 2,120 2,740
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,290 6,315 6,275
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,940 4,930 6,005
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,090 7,820 8,310
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 42,760 20,765 21,995
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 15,190 8,720 6,475
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 57,200 62,400 50,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,700 70,200 57,250
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 12,540 5,700 6,845
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,200 18,600 16,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,240 30,160 22,960
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 81.8 86.8 75.6
Employment income (%)19 67.6 73.4 60.4
Government transfers (%)20 18.3 13.3 24.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.2 1.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.4 4.2 7.0
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.3 3.4 5.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 42,760 20,765 21,995
Without total income 1,380 705 670
With total income 41,385 20,060 21,325
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,310 1,525 1,785
$10,000 to $19,999 4,600 1,810 2,790
$20,000 to $29,999 6,240 2,490 3,750
$30,000 to $39,999 5,715 2,335 3,375
$40,000 to $49,999 5,360 2,405 2,955
$50,000 to $59,999 4,315 2,215 2,100
$60,000 to $69,999 3,170 1,815 1,350
$70,000 to $79,999 2,315 1,435 885
$80,000 to $89,999 1,790 1,050 740
$90,000 to $99,999 1,460 825 635
$100,000 and over 3,105 2,145 955
$100,000 to $149,999 2,255 1,530 730
$150,000 and over 845 620 225
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 42,760 20,765 21,995
Without after-tax income 1,345 690 655
With after-tax income 41,415 20,075 21,340
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,505 1,585 1,920
$10,000 to $19,999 5,045 1,995 3,045
$20,000 to $29,999 7,495 3,045 4,445
$30,000 to $39,999 7,145 3,105 4,040
$40,000 to $49,999 6,140 3,060 3,080
$50,000 to $59,999 4,220 2,420 1,795
$60,000 to $69,999 2,930 1,725 1,200
$70,000 to $79,999 2,020 1,150 870
$80,000 to $89,999 1,080 665 415
$90,000 to $99,999 630 445 190
$100,000 and over 1,215 885 335
$100,000 to $124,999 655 475 180
$125,000 and over 560 410 155
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 42,760 20,765 21,995
Without employment income 11,485 4,735 6,745
With employment income 31,280 16,030 15,250
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,710 1,620 2,085
$5,000 to $9,999 2,475 1,010 1,465
$10,000 to $19,999 3,930 1,695 2,240
$20,000 to $29,999 3,200 1,385 1,810
$30,000 to $39,999 3,325 1,570 1,760
$40,000 to $49,999 3,340 1,610 1,725
$50,000 to $59,999 2,720 1,550 1,170
$60,000 to $69,999 2,060 1,315 740
$70,000 to $79,999 1,710 1,080 625
$80,000 to $89,999 1,435 875 560
$90,000 to $99,999 1,085 600 485
$100,000 and over 2,300 1,715 590
$100,000 to $124,999 1,195 835 355
$125,000 and over 1,110 880 230
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 42,760 20,765 21,995
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 40,185 19,465 20,720
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 46,000 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 40,200 19,470 20,735
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,400 39,600 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 36,975 18,190 18,790
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,000 43,600 29,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 31,210 15,890 15,320
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 44,000 30,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 34,890 16,675 18,215
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,740 1,220 5,760
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 3,465 1,655 1,805
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,560 5,440
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 42,760 20,765 21,995
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,315 19,555 20,755
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,760 53,400 40,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,335 19,565 20,775
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,560 43,080 34,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 37,070 18,165 18,905
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,280 52,300 36,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 31,325 15,995 15,325
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,800 50,760 36,520
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 35,090 16,800 18,300
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,950 5,645 8,150
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,580 1,775 1,805
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,180 6,790 7,570
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 42,760 20,765 21,995
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 15,060 8,655 6,410
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 53,200 58,000 47,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,700 66,200 53,250
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 11,740 5,245 6,500
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,800 25,600 21,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,960 35,960 26,880
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.0 91.0 82.2
Employment income (%) 72.8 77.8 66.6
Government transfers (%) 13.0 9.1 17.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.2 1.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 22,285 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 6,770 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 15,510 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 22,285 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 92,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 76,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,770 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,320 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,160 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 15,510 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 110,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 91,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 22,285 ... ...
Under $5,000 215 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 365 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 370 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 825 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 855 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 775 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 895 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,015 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 915 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,795 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,765 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,555 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,465 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,365 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,925 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,760 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,905 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,985 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,270 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 22,285 ... ...
Under $5,000 245 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 205 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 410 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 930 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,030 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 965 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,155 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,130 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,100 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,175 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,075 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,855 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,610 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,455 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,565 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,435 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,575 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 14,475 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 5,655 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 77,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,965 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,360 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 9,745 4,725 5,025
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,600 40,400 35,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 35,200 32,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 14,440 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 111,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 91,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,630 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 102,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 83,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,000 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,300 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 9,765 4,685 5,085
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 45,280 47,240 43,440
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,120 39,280 37,040
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 52,745 25,925 26,825
0 to 17 years 11,895 6,125 5,770
0 to 5 years 3,835 1,960 1,875
18 to 64 years 32,890 16,250 16,635
65 years and over 7,965 3,550 4,420
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,915 3,110 3,800
0 to 17 years 2,105 1,065 1,040
0 to 5 years 730 385 345
18 to 64 years 3,800 1,710 2,090
65 years and over 1,010 335 675
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.1 12.0 14.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.7 17.4 18.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.1 19.7 18.4
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.5 12.6
65 years and over (%) 12.7 9.5 15.2
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 52,750 25,920 26,825
0 to 17 years 11,890 6,125 5,770
0 to 5 years 3,840 1,960 1,880
18 to 64 years 32,890 16,250 16,640
65 years and over 7,965 3,550 4,415
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,810 1,415 1,395
0 to 17 years 620 325 295
0 to 5 years 205 110 90
18 to 64 years 2,055 1,030 1,025
65 years and over 135 65 75
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 5.5 5.2
0 to 17 years (%) 5.2 5.3 5.1
0 to 5 years (%) 5.4 5.7 5.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.3 6.3 6.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.9 1.7
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 52,745 25,925 26,825
In bottom half of the distribution 30,965 14,750 16,215
In bottom decile 6,325 2,970 3,350
In second decile 6,555 2,960 3,595
In third decile 5,995 2,840 3,155
In fourth decile 6,140 3,020 3,115
In fifth decile 5,950 2,960 2,995
In top half of the distribution 21,785 11,175 10,610
In sixth decile 5,410 2,800 2,605
In seventh decile 5,285 2,690 2,600
In eighth decile 4,640 2,350 2,285
In ninth decile 3,880 1,990 1,885
In top decile 2,570 1,345 1,230
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 52,750 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.314 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.422 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.273 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 53,210 26,110 27,105
English only 49,520 24,405 25,115
French only 15 10 5
English and French 2,575 1,200 1,375
Neither English nor French 1,105 495 610
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 53,210 26,110 27,105
English 51,530 25,330 26,205
French 465 235 235
English and French 140 70 65
Neither English nor French 1,080 475 600
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 53,210 26,110 27,105
Single responses 51,515 25,265 26,255
Official languages 42,255 20,665 21,590
English 41,745 20,415 21,330
French 510 250 260
Non-official languages 9,260 4,600 4,660
Indigenous languages39 230 100 130
Algonquian languages 170 75 95
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 100 45 60
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 100 45 60
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 45 15 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 55 30 30
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 5
Ojibway languages 60 25 35
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 15 5 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 45 20 25
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 45 20 25
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,035 4,500 4,535
Afro-Asiatic languages 775 420 355
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0 0
Hausa 5 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 135 70 65
Bilen 50 35 20
Oromo 15 10 5
Somali 70 25 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 630 345 290
Amharic 305 155 145
Arabic 145 80 65
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 180 105 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 25 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 20 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 565 275 295
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 45 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 5 10
Ilocano 10 10 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 470 230 245
Waray-Waray 5 5 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 80 45 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 55 30 25
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Dravidian languages 105 55 55
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 75 40 35
Tamil 20 10 10
Telugu 5 0 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,590 2,795 2,790
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 775 360 415
Baltic languages 5 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 775 360 415
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 5 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 55 20 40
Russian 175 85 90
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
Bosnian 10 0 5
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 520 245 270
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 700 345 360
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 420 210 210
German 415 210 205
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 250 120 130
Afrikaans 95 45 50
Dutch 60 30 30
Low German, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 70 35 40
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 20 10 10
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 5 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Greek 25 15 15
Indo-Iranian languages 1,995 1,040 950
Indo-Aryan languages 1,945 1,015 925
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 20 10
Gujarati 1,240 665 575
Hindi 85 50 35
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 460 220 235
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5
Urdu 110 55 60
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 45 25 25
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 5 5
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 10 5
Persian languages 25 15 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,085 1,030 1,050
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 15 15
Portuguese 65 25 40
Romanian 15 5 10
Spanish 1,985 990 990
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 0 10
Korean 140 75 65
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 275 135 135
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 30 20 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 35 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 155 80 75
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,390 660 725
Chinese languages 1,385 660 725
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 990 470 525
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0
Yue (Cantonese) 355 170 185
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 5 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,695 840 850
English and French 190 95 95
English and non-official language(s) 1,320 660 665
French and non-official language(s) 40 15 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 130 65 60
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 53,210 26,110 27,105
English 42,860 20,970 21,890
French 60 30 30
Non-official language 3,355 1,655 1,700
Indigenous39 25 15 15
Non-Indigenous 3,330 1,645 1,690
English and French 380 180 200
English and non-official language(s) 6,025 3,010 3,010
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 150 65 85
Multiple non-official languages 365 190 180
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 53,210 26,110 27,105
Single responses 51,710 25,330 26,380
Official languages 45,405 22,210 23,195
English 45,310 22,155 23,150
French 100 50 50
Non-official languages 6,305 3,120 3,180
Indigenous languages39 45 20 25
Algonquian languages 30 10 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 10 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,260 3,100 3,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 560 295 265
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 105 50 55
Bilen 45 30 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 15 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 455 245 210
Amharic 215 110 100
Arabic 95 50 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 145 80 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 320 155 160
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 25 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 260 130 135
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Creole languages 55 25 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 45 25 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 75 40 35
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 50 30 20
Tamil 10 5 10
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,820 1,905 1,910
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 380 195 185
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 380 195 185
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 0
Russian 140 65 70
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 235 125 110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 155 75 80
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 70 35 40
German 70 35 40
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 75 40 40
Afrikaans 70 30 35
Dutch 10 0 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,700 865 835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,670 845 820
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 0
Gujarati 1,110 575 530
Hindi 65 35 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 400 190 205
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 5
Urdu 80 35 40
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 5
Persian languages 15 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 5 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,570 770 800
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5
Portuguese 30 15 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 1,535 750 785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 105 50 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 100 45 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 35 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 10 10
American Sign Language 15 5 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,145 550 600
Chinese languages 1,145 550 600
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 815 385 435
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 305 145 155
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,500 775 725
English and French 75 35 45
English and non-official language(s) 1,385 720 660
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 25 15 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 53,210 26,110 27,105
None 47,515 23,275 24,240
English 2,125 1,060 1,065
French 300 140 155
Non-official language 2,415 1,195 1,220
Indigenous39 200 85 120
Non-Indigenous 2,215 1,115 1,100
English and French 35 15 25
English and non-official language(s) 470 230 240
French and non-official language(s) 80 40 45
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 270 150 120
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 52,750 25,925 26,825
Official languages 51,700 25,450 26,245
English 51,685 25,440 26,245
French 2,515 1,165 1,345
Non-official languages 12,095 6,045 6,050
Indigenous languages39 470 195 275
Algonquian languages 330 145 185
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 160 75 90
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 160 75 90
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 15 30
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 105 50 55
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 175 75 100
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 165 75 90
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 20 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 25 10 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 120 45 75
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 155 55 105
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 150 50 100
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 11,640 5,860 5,780
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,185 600 580
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 15 0
Hausa 15 15 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 165 80 80
Bilen 55 35 20
Oromo 15 15 0
Somali 90 30 65
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,035 525 510
Amharic 630 320 305
Arabic 225 105 120
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 10 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 340 175 170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 35 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 35 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 780 415 365
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 15 10
Cebuano 80 50 30
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 20 20
Ilocano 40 25 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 745 400 350
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Creole languages 200 95 100
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 100 50 55
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Dravidian languages 160 90 65
Kannada 15 10 10
Malayalam 120 70 50
Tamil 55 35 15
Telugu 20 15 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,900 3,480 3,415
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,020 430 585
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 10 0 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,015 430 585
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 145 45 100
Russian 390 200 195
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15
Bosnian 15 0 15
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 730 325 410
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 930 425 505
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 570 265 310
German 570 265 305
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 380 165 210
Afrikaans 180 95 85
Dutch 85 25 60
Low German, n.o.s. 20 0 20
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 95 40 50
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 0
Scandinavian languages 50 15 30
Danish 45 15 25
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Greek 25 20 0
Indo-Iranian languages 2,395 1,310 1,085
Indo-Aryan languages 2,365 1,290 1,075
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 1,465 815 650
Hindi 1,310 750 560
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 25 0
Nepali 10 10 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 615 320 300
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 170 85 85
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 30 15 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,580 1,310 1,270
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 40 15 30
Portuguese 65 30 40
Romanian 15 10 0
Spanish 2,485 1,270 1,210
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 45 10 35
Korean 95 45 50
Mongolian 15 0 15
Niger-Congo languages 865 470 390
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 15 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 140 90 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 10 10 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 130 75 60
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 510 255 255
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 55 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 100 45 60
American Sign Language 85 30 55
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,455 685 775
Chinese languages 1,455 685 765
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,145 510 625
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 0 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 485 240 245
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15
Lao 25 15 10
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 15 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 52,750 25,920 26,825
Indigenous identity45 7,245 3,310 3,935
Single Indigenous responses46 7,005 3,220 3,785
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,985 1,785 2,200
Métis 3,005 1,430 1,575
Inuk (Inuit) 20 0 15
Multiple Indigenous responses47 170 65 105
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 60 25 40
Non-Indigenous identity 45,510 22,620 22,890
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 52,750 25,920 26,825
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,710 1,620 2,090
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 49,040 24,305 24,730
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 22,285 ... ...
Owner 13,920 ... ...
Renter 8,365 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 22,285 ... ...
Condominium 2,690 ... ...
Not condominium 19,595 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 22,285 ... ...
No bedrooms 235 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,195 ... ...
2 bedrooms 6,585 ... ...
3 bedrooms 7,375 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,895 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 22,285 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,505 ... ...
5 rooms 3,865 ... ...
6 rooms 3,180 ... ...
7 rooms 2,745 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,985 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 22,285 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 21,695 ... ...
More than one person per room 590 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 22,285 ... ...
Suitable 21,095 ... ...
Not suitable 1,185 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 22,285 ... ...
1960 or before 5,375 ... ...
1961 to 1980 7,040 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,375 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,925 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,205 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,430 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,630 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,305 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 22,285 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 21,000 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,280 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 22,285 ... ...
One-maintainer household 11,680 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 9,805 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 795 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 22,285 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,360 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,930 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,450 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,485 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,755 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,955 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,745 ... ...
85 years and over 610 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 22,130 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 18,590 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,545 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 3,155 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 22,285 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 5,560 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,200 ... ...
Not suitable only 960 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 960 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 120 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 215 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 105 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 16,720 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 21,745 ... ...
In core need 1,410 ... ...
Not in core need 20,330 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 13,820 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 2.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,110 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,198 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 300,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 307,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 8,360 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 16.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 28.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 14.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 940 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 975 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 52,750 25,925 26,825
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 4,010 1,745 2,265
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 3,925 1,695 2,225
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 3,175 1,400 1,775
Métis single ancestry 745 290 450
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 85 45 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 80 45 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,365 1,710 1,660
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,170 1,610 1,560
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,400 730 665
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,745 880 870
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 0 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 200 95 100
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 195 95 100
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 45,375 22,475 22,895
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 52,745 25,925 26,825
Canadian citizens77 46,335 22,645 23,690
Canadian citizens aged under 18 10,740 5,530 5,210
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 35,595 17,115 18,480
Not Canadian citizens78 6,415 3,280 3,135
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 52,745 25,925 26,825
Non-immigrants80 42,410 20,690 21,715
Immigrants81 9,180 4,555 4,630
Before 1980 575 270 310
1980 to 1990 315 180 135
1991 to 2000 390 180 210
2001 to 2010 2,990 1,465 1,520
2011 to 202182 4,915 2,465 2,450
2011 to 2015 2,145 1,115 1,035
2016 to 2021 2,765 1,350 1,420
Non-permanent residents83 1,160 680 480
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 9,180 4,555 4,625
Under 5 years 845 460 385
5 to 14 years 1,750 880 875
15 to 24 years 1,265 570 700
25 to 44 years 4,770 2,360 2,405
45 years and over 560 295 265
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 9,180 4,555 4,625
Americas 2,115 1,025 1,085
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 250 105 145
El Salvador 970 505 460
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 90 30 60
Mexico 85 35 50
Peru 15 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 10
United States of America 200 100 105
Other places of birth in Americas 465 235 230
Europe 1,485 710 780
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 0 20
Croatia 0 0 0
France 15 0 10
Germany 190 125 60
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 20 15 0
Netherlands 70 25 45
Poland 65 20 50
Portugal 15 0 10
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 70 40 30
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 345 170 180
United Kingdom87 545 235 315
Other places of birth in Europe 95 50 45
Africa 1,910 975 935
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 35 20 15
Egypt 15 10 0
Eritrea 245 135 105
Ethiopia 405 215 190
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 580 305 275
Somalia 80 25 55
South Africa, Republic of 160 90 70
Other places of birth in Africa 395 175 220
Asia 3,655 1,835 1,820
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 20 10 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 30 15 10
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 1,020 480 540
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 70 30 35
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 680 335 345
Viet Nam 25 10 15
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 1,550 810 740
Pakistan 115 65 55
Sri Lanka 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Asia 120 60 60
Oceania and other places of birth93 15 10 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 2,770 1,345 1,420
Americas 325 160 160
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 65 20 45
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 40 25 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 190 110 85
Europe 140 85 50
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 25 20 10
Ukraine 50 30 25
United Kingdom87 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 20 0 20
Africa 1,015 480 535
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 25 15 10
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 170 85 85
Ethiopia 130 55 75
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 430 215 210
Somalia 70 15 55
South Africa, Republic of 55 25 25
Sudan97 45 30 15
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 95 35 60
Asia 1,280 620 665
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 170 75 90
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 830 390 440
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 20 10 10
Philippines 205 105 100
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 25 15 15
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 10 0 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 52,750 25,920 26,825
First generation100 10,645 5,395 5,250
Second generation101 5,870 2,910 2,970
Third generation or more102 36,230 17,620 18,610
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 8,605 4,290 4,320
Economic immigrants104 6,250 3,260 2,990
Principal applicants105 2,485 1,735 750
Secondary applicants106 3,760 1,525 2,235
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,440 545 890
Refugees108 900 480 430
Other immigrants109 20 0 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 8,605 4,290 4,320
Asylum claim before admission111 45 25 15
Work permits only before admission112 1,380 905 475
Study permits only before admission113 170 60 115
Work and study permits before admission114 390 250 145
Other permits before admission115 10 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 6,610 3,045 3,565
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 52,750 25,920 26,825
Total visible minority population118 10,710 5,585 5,120
South Asian 2,595 1,405 1,185
Chinese 1,500 730 770
Black 2,870 1,510 1,360
Filipino 870 450 415
Arab 105 50 55
Latin American 2,105 1,095 1,010
Southeast Asian 210 125 85
West Asian 30 20 15
Korean 95 50 45
Japanese 55 15 35
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 35 15 20
Multiple visible minorities 240 115 130
Not a visible minority120 42,040 20,340 21,700
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 52,750 25,925 26,825
Canadian 5,030 2,525 2,505
English 13,615 6,390 7,230
Irish 8,490 3,990 4,500
Scottish 11,880 5,860 6,015
French, n.o.s.122 3,820 1,950 1,875
German 6,575 3,205 3,370
Chinese 1,570 785 785
Italian 440 250 190
Indian (India) 1,715 905 810
Ukrainian 7,040 3,445 3,590
Dutch 1,550 720 830
Polish 3,080 1,475 1,605
Québécois 25 10 10
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,165 605 560
Filipino 905 495 405
French Canadian 250 135 115
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 815 460 355
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,795 925 870
Métis 2,770 1,310 1,460
European, n.o.s.126 500 225 275
Russian 1,175 615 555
Norwegian 1,080 505 580
Welsh 1,170 555 620
Portuguese 95 35 55
American 315 155 155
Spanish 285 165 120
Swedish 945 445 495
Hungarian 380 180 200
Acadian 45 25 25
Pakistani 95 40 55
African, n.o.s.127 400 210 195
Jewish 115 45 70
Punjabi 185 125 60
Vietnamese 70 40 35
Arab, n.o.s.128 90 25 70
Greek 85 50 40
Jamaican 210 105 105
Asian, n.o.s.129 195 110 85
Cree, n.o.s.130 920 410 510
Korean 100 65 45
Romanian 285 130 160
Lebanese 25 0 20
Iranian 30 25 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 315 170 145
Danish 490 235 255
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 670 345 325
Sikh 75 35 35
Austrian 400 210 195
Belgian 1,115 505 615
Haitian 10 10 0
Hindu 540 315 225
Mexican 145 75 70
Mennonite 715 325 390
Swiss 245 130 115
Finnish 150 50 100
Sri Lankan 10 0 10
Croatian 65 40 25
Japanese 60 25 40
South Asian, n.o.s.133 30 10 25
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 55 35 20
Northern European, n.o.s.135 215 85 130
Muslim 55 20 35
Egyptian 50 25 25
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 395 190 200
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 795 370 425
Colombian 295 120 170
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 145 80 65
Syrian 25 15 10
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 100 50 50
Serbian 15 10 10
Ojibway 740 305 430
Newfoundlander 30 20 10
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 20 0 15
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 15 10 10
Turkish 15 15 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 45 10 30
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 10 10 0
Nigerian 465 235 235
Armenian 45 20 30
Slovak 70 45 25
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 90 40 50
Somali 90 30 55
Taiwanese 25 0 20
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 705 355 350
African Caribbean 35 20 15
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 60 35 25
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 35 25 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 15 10 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 65 25 40
South African 150 75 80
Australian 20 10 10
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 40 20 25
Nova Scotian 10 10 0
Ethiopian 325 185 140
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 150 90 65
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 390 200 190
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 20 0 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 30 15 20
New Brunswicker 10 0 10
Gujarati 245 140 105
Eritrean 145 90 55
African Canadian 20 20 0
Israeli 25 15 10
Mohawk 20 10 10
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 35 10 25
Bulgarian 20 20 0
Albertan 10 0 10
Ghanaian 40 20 20
Barbadian 0 0 0
African American 0 0 0
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 10 0 0