Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
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Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
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Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
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Language spoken most often at home
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Other language spoken regularly at home
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Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Whitehorse, City (CY)More information:
Yukon
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 28,201 ... ...
Population, 20161 25,085 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 12.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 11,970 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 11,436 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 68.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 413.94 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 28,200 13,880 14,320
0 to 14 years 4,950 2,570 2,380
0 to 4 years 1,575 785 785
5 to 9 years 1,725 920 805
10 to 14 years 1,655 865 785
15 to 64 years 19,450 9,435 10,010
15 to 19 years 1,515 800 715
20 to 24 years 1,665 835 830
25 to 29 years 2,050 1,015 1,035
30 to 34 years 2,525 1,230 1,290
35 to 39 years 2,520 1,215 1,310
40 to 44 years 2,040 970 1,065
45 to 49 years 1,895 860 1,035
50 to 54 years 1,660 800 855
55 to 59 years 1,795 860 935
60 to 64 years 1,795 855 940
65 years and over 3,800 1,870 1,925
65 to 69 years 1,415 695 725
70 to 74 years 1,100 545 555
75 to 79 years 660 345 310
80 to 84 years 335 160 170
85 years and over 290 125 170
85 to 89 years 195 80 110
90 to 94 years 80 40 40
95 to 99 years 15 5 10
100 years and over 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.5 16.6
15 to 64 years 69.0 68.0 69.9
65 years and over 13.5 13.5 13.4
85 years and over 1.0 0.9 1.2
Average age of the population 38.7 38.2 39.3
Median age of the population 37.6 36.8 38.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 11,435 ... ...
Single-detached house 5,535 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,035 ... ...
Row house 1,150 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 640 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,825 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 55 ... ...
Other single-attached house 70 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,130 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 11,440 ... ...
1 person 3,310 ... ...
2 persons 3,815 ... ...
3 persons 1,840 ... ...
4 persons 1,595 ... ...
5 or more persons 880 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 27,725 13,610 14,115
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 23,250 11,315 11,940
Married or living common-law 12,805 6,370 6,435
Married 8,950 4,470 4,485
Living common-law 3,855 1,900 1,955
Living common law - Never married 3,085 1,515 1,565
Living common law - Separated 95 55 45
Living common law - Divorced 615 315 305
Living common law - Widowed 55 15 35
Not married and not living common-law 10,445 4,940 5,500
Not married and not living common law - Never married 7,420 3,810 3,605
Not married and not living common law - Separated 515 220 290
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,675 705 965
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 845 200 640
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 7,660 ... ...
2 persons 4,025 ... ...
3 persons 1,635 ... ...
4 persons 1,430 ... ...
5 or more persons 565 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 7,660 ... ...
Total couple families 6,230 ... ...
Married couples 4,300 ... ...
With children6 2,355 ... ...
Without children 1,945 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,925 ... ...
With children6 725 ... ...
Without children 1,205 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,430 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,045 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 385 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 27,725 13,605 14,115
Total - Persons in census families 21,655 10,680 10,975
Married spouses or common-law partners 12,455 6,180 6,275
Parents in one-parent families 1,430 380 1,050
Children6 7,770 4,115 3,650
In a two-parent family 5,570 2,950 2,615
In a one-parent family 2,200 1,160 1,035
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,075 2,930 3,140
Living alone 3,310 1,480 1,830
Living with other relatives7 740 330 410
Living with non-relatives only 2,020 1,125 900
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 11,435 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 6,495 ... ...
Couple-family households 5,405 ... ...
With children6 2,705 ... ...
Without children 2,700 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,090 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 265 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 105 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 555 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 710 ... ...
One-person households 3,310 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 22,785 11,040 11,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 22,080 10,640 11,435
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 59,200 61,200 57,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 22,085 10,650 11,435
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,400 54,000 51,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 20,720 9,975 10,745
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,400 60,000 52,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 18,390 8,940 9,445
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,800 59,600 54,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 18,570 8,600 9,970
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 4,720 3,600 5,480
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,795 870 925
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,880 5,520 6,160
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,805 2,290 2,515
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 22,785 11,035 11,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 22,095 10,660 11,435
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 67,700 72,300 63,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 22,110 10,670 11,435
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,500 60,300 54,900
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 20,700 9,970 10,730
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 64,600 70,400 59,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 18,385 8,935 9,450
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 61,450 66,200 56,950
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 18,720 8,620 10,095
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,470 7,960 8,910
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,885 900 980
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,200 6,320 8,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,710 2,215 2,500
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,970 7,910 8,020
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 22,785 11,040 11,745
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 9,945 4,975 4,970
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 79,500 84,000 76,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 83,900 89,500 78,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 6,715 3,130 3,590
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,400 30,800 25,800
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 37,480 39,400 35,800
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 89.4 91.0 87.6
Employment income (%)19 75.6 76.8 74.2
Government transfers (%)20 10.6 8.9 12.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.7 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 2.9 2.5 3.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 2.5 2.3 2.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 22,785 11,035 11,745
Without total income 705 400 310
With total income 22,075 10,640 11,440
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,260 625 635
$10,000 to $19,999 1,530 730 800
$20,000 to $29,999 2,360 1,065 1,300
$30,000 to $39,999 2,195 970 1,225
$40,000 to $49,999 2,045 970 1,075
$50,000 to $59,999 1,825 855 965
$60,000 to $69,999 1,815 830 990
$70,000 to $79,999 1,870 805 1,060
$80,000 to $89,999 1,645 730 910
$90,000 to $99,999 1,500 740 755
$100,000 and over 4,040 2,315 1,725
$100,000 to $149,999 3,045 1,665 1,380
$150,000 and over 995 650 340
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 22,785 11,035 11,745
Without after-tax income 695 390 310
With after-tax income 22,090 10,650 11,440
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,320 655 665
$10,000 to $19,999 1,595 755 840
$20,000 to $29,999 2,625 1,185 1,440
$30,000 to $39,999 2,590 1,190 1,405
$40,000 to $49,999 2,355 1,125 1,230
$50,000 to $59,999 2,220 1,050 1,165
$60,000 to $69,999 2,395 1,015 1,375
$70,000 to $79,999 2,150 985 1,160
$80,000 to $89,999 1,635 840 795
$90,000 to $99,999 1,065 555 510
$100,000 and over 2,130 1,295 840
$100,000 to $124,999 1,285 755 535
$125,000 and over 840 535 300
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 22,785 11,035 11,745
Without employment income 4,400 2,100 2,300
With employment income 18,385 8,940 9,445
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,720 785 935
$5,000 to $9,999 940 385 555
$10,000 to $19,999 1,530 695 835
$20,000 to $29,999 1,305 600 705
$30,000 to $39,999 1,435 710 725
$40,000 to $49,999 1,385 685 700
$50,000 to $59,999 1,310 625 680
$60,000 to $69,999 1,445 640 800
$70,000 to $79,999 1,530 660 870
$80,000 to $89,999 1,345 630 720
$90,000 to $99,999 1,275 645 635
$100,000 and over 3,170 1,890 1,285
$100,000 to $124,999 1,790 985 810
$125,000 and over 1,380 900 480
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 22,785 11,040 11,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 21,790 10,495 11,295
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,600 58,000 53,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 21,800 10,500 11,300
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,600 51,600 48,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 20,580 9,915 10,665
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 54,000 57,600 50,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 18,495 8,990 9,505
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 54,000 57,200 51,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 16,895 7,765 9,125
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,320 484 2,560
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,750 850 905
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,750 5,960 7,750
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 22,785 11,035 11,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 21,850 10,525 11,325
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 65,200 69,500 61,250
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 21,860 10,525 11,335
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,100 58,000 52,350
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 20,670 10,000 10,670
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 63,750 68,700 59,100
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 18,540 9,030 9,510
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 59,600 63,950 55,500
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 17,065 7,855 9,215
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,280 5,690 6,780
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,755 740 1,015
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,970 6,330 9,180
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 22,785 11,040 11,745
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 9,845 4,900 4,950
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 75,000 79,500 71,500
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 78,900 84,400 73,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 6,505 3,040 3,465
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,600 33,200 27,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 39,920 42,360 37,760
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 92.4 93.8 91.0
Employment income (%) 77.6 79.0 76.0
Government transfers (%) 7.5 6.1 9.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 0.6 1.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 11,440 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 112,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 3,310 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 57,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 52,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 8,130 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 142,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 123,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 11,435 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 130,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 111,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,310 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 69,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 58,950 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 8,125 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 156,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 132,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 11,435 ... ...
Under $5,000 80 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 140 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 340 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 265 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 215 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 255 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 280 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 250 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 535 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 635 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 650 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 665 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 620 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,415 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,440 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,115 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,920 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,950 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 11,435 ... ...
Under $5,000 90 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 35 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 145 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 350 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 285 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 245 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 320 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 295 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 300 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 690 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 810 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 800 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 745 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 715 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,560 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,500 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,305 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,750 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 7,590 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 138,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 120,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 2,905 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 130,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 112,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 3,085 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 172,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 148,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,335 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 5,335 2,600 2,730
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 51,600 49,600 54,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 46,800 44,800 48,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 7,610 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 153,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 130,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,920 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 147,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 123,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,110 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 185,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 156,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,285 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 85,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 5,195 2,465 2,725
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 63,100 62,600 63,550
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 54,250 53,300 55,150
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 27,725 13,610 14,115
0 to 17 years 5,870 3,050 2,820
0 to 5 years 1,930 970 960
18 to 64 years 18,310 8,815 9,495
65 years and over 3,545 1,745 1,805
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,590 800 790
0 to 17 years 370 205 165
0 to 5 years 135 65 75
18 to 64 years 835 420 420
65 years and over 390 180 210
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.7 5.9 5.6
0 to 17 years (%) 6.3 6.7 5.9
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 6.6 7.8
18 to 64 years (%) 4.6 4.8 4.4
65 years and over (%) 10.9 10.3 11.5
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) x x x
0 to 17 years (%) x x x
0 to 5 years (%) x x x
18 to 64 years (%) x x x
65 years and over (%) x x x
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 27,725 13,610 14,115
In bottom half of the distribution 8,505 4,165 4,340
In bottom decile 1,665 850 815
In second decile 1,535 735 805
In third decile 1,645 810 840
In fourth decile 1,630 795 835
In fifth decile 2,025 980 1,045
In top half of the distribution 19,220 9,445 9,775
In sixth decile 2,390 1,155 1,235
In seventh decile 2,845 1,350 1,495
In eighth decile 3,770 1,825 1,945
In ninth decile 4,770 2,365 2,405
In top decile 5,450 2,750 2,700
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 27,725 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.289 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.355 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.261 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.5 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 27,815 13,660 14,155
English only 23,255 11,540 11,715
French only 65 25 40
English and French 4,365 2,030 2,335
Neither English nor French 125 65 65
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 27,815 13,660 14,155
English 26,325 12,905 13,415
French 1,250 635 615
English and French 120 60 60
Neither English nor French 120 65 65
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 27,815 13,660 14,155
Single responses 26,800 13,165 13,635
Official languages 23,160 11,460 11,705
English 21,945 10,830 11,120
French 1,215 625 590
Non-official languages 3,635 1,705 1,930
Indigenous languages39 100 35 70
Algonquian languages 5 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 30 50
Northern Athabaskan languages 70 25 45
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 20 5 10
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 5 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 40 15 30
Northern Tutchone 15 5 15
Southern Tutchone 10 5 10
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,530 1,675 1,860
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 55 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 35 20 10
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0
Somali 25 20 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55 25 20
Amharic 15 5 5
Arabic 30 15 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 30 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 30 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,165 510 650
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Cebuano 80 30 50
Fijian 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 65 30 40
Ilocano 40 15 25
Indonesian 10 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 900 405 500
Waray-Waray 10 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 15 5 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 100 60 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 70 40 35
Tamil 15 15 5
Telugu 10 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,470 770 700
Albanian 10 5 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 175 85 95
Baltic languages 5 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 5 5
Slavic languages 170 80 90
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 30 15 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 30 10 15
Russian 50 25 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 10
Bosnian 5 0 5
Croatian 10 5 5
Serbian 5 0 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5
Ukrainian 20 15 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 400 195 210
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 305 150 155
German 260 125 135
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 40 20 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 75 30 40
Afrikaans 10 0 5
Dutch 60 25 40
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 10 10
Danish 5 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 615 350 260
Indo-Aryan languages 590 335 255
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 15 20
Gujarati 40 25 15
Hindi 65 35 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 390 225 160
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 60 30 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 15 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 0
Persian languages 15 10 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 10 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 260 130 135
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 15 10
Portuguese 20 10 15
Romanian 10 5 0
Spanish 210 100 105
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 125 45 80
Korean 60 20 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 40 20 20
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 5 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 0
Dinka 5 5 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 10 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 315 120 195
Chinese languages 315 120 195
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 125 50 70
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 175 65 110
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 5 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50 20 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 10
Hungarian 35 20 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,015 500 520
English and French 335 175 160
English and non-official language(s) 575 275 300
French and non-official language(s) 15 15 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 15 10
Multiple non-official languages 65 25 40
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 27,815 13,660 14,155
English 22,525 11,150 11,375
French 535 260 275
Non-official language 800 410 390
Indigenous39 5 0 5
Non-Indigenous 795 410 390
English and French 945 470 480
English and non-official language(s) 2,780 1,265 1,520
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 145 65 75
Multiple non-official languages 75 35 35
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 27,815 13,660 14,155
Single responses 27,105 13,335 13,770
Official languages 25,160 12,380 12,775
English 24,430 12,020 12,415
French 725 360 365
Non-official languages 1,950 960 990
Indigenous languages39 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,945 960 985
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 20
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15 10 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 10 10 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 10 10
Amharic 5 5 5
Arabic 15 5 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 10 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 10 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 765 360 405
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 50 25 30
Fijian 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 50 25 25
Ilocano 20 10 15
Indonesian 5 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 610 290 320
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 85 50 35
Kannada 5 5 5
Malayalam 65 35 25
Tamil 15 10 10
Telugu 5 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 680 360 315
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 45 25 20
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40 20 20
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 5 5 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 30 15 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 0 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 45 25 20
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 35 20 15
German 25 15 10
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 5 5
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 10 5 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 485 265 220
Indo-Aryan languages 470 260 215
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 15 20
Gujarati 30 15 15
Hindi 35 20 20
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 325 185 145
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 40 25 20
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 100 45 50
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 5
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 90 45 45
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 70 30 40
Korean 25 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 0
Dinka 5 5 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 210 90 120
Chinese languages 210 90 120
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 35 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 130 55 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 710 325 385
English and French 175 90 85
English and non-official language(s) 500 225 270
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 25 10 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 27,815 13,660 14,150
None 24,425 12,080 12,345
English 1,055 500 555
French 635 315 320
Non-official language 1,245 555 690
Indigenous39 110 45 60
Non-Indigenous 1,135 510 625
English and French 10 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 210 100 105
French and non-official language(s) 80 35 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 150 65 90
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 27,730 13,605 14,115
Official languages 27,620 13,560 14,060
English 27,540 13,535 14,010
French 4,440 1,985 2,455
Non-official languages 5,480 2,555 2,925
Indigenous languages39 210 95 115
Algonquian languages 20 0 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 20 0 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 20 0 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 0 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 155 65 90
Northern Athabaskan languages 125 45 80
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 20 0 20
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 10 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 80 35 45
Northern Tutchone 25 10 20
Southern Tutchone 55 25 30
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 25 15 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 35 30 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 30 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,280 2,460 2,820
Afro-Asiatic languages 65 35 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 20 10 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 45 25 20
Amharic 10 0 10
Arabic 20 15 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 20 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 20 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,580 700 885
Bikol 15 0 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Cebuano 195 85 110
Fijian 30 25 10
Hiligaynon 110 40 75
Ilocano 80 40 40
Indonesian 25 10 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,450 640 810
Waray-Waray 25 0 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10
Creole languages 25 10 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Dravidian languages 185 75 105
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 135 55 80
Tamil 30 15 20
Telugu 40 20 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,700 1,370 1,330
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 225 110 120
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 225 110 120
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 40 20 20
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 35 20 10
Russian 75 45 30
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 20 10 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 35 0 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0
Ukrainian 60 25 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10
Irish 15 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 760 385 375
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 600 315 285
German 575 305 265
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 50 15 35
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 125 65 60
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 120 60 55
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 70 30 40
Danish 10 10 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 25 10 15
Swedish 45 20 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 30 25 0
Indo-Iranian languages 770 450 325
Indo-Aryan languages 750 430 320
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 65 45 20
Hindi 430 255 180
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 455 240 220
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0
Urdu 135 100 40
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 15 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 10 10 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 985 430 545
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 40 25 15
Portuguese 15 0 10
Romanian 20 10 15
Spanish 925 400 525
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 170 85 85
Korean 75 10 60
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 65 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 15 10 15
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 35 10 25
American Sign Language 35 10 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 405 175 230
Chinese languages 405 175 230
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 235 110 125
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 230 85 145
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 25 20 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 25 20 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 45 20 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 40 20 20
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 27,725 13,610 14,115
Indigenous identity45 4,530 2,065 2,465
Single Indigenous responses46 4,385 1,975 2,410
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,235 1,440 1,795
Métis 950 445 500
Inuk (Inuit) 205 85 115
Multiple Indigenous responses47 90 65 20
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 55 25 30
Non-Indigenous identity 23,195 11,545 11,650
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 27,725 13,610 14,115
Registered or Treaty Indian49 2,610 1,150 1,465
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 25,110 12,460 12,655
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 11,435 ... ...
Owner 7,735 ... ...
Renter 3,700 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 11,435 ... ...
Condominium 1,965 ... ...
Not condominium 9,470 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 11,435 ... ...
No bedrooms 130 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,475 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,005 ... ...
3 bedrooms 4,140 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,685 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 11,435 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 3,840 ... ...
5 rooms 1,895 ... ...
6 rooms 1,840 ... ...
7 rooms 1,400 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,460 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 11,435 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 11,180 ... ...
More than one person per room 255 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 11,435 ... ...
Suitable 10,825 ... ...
Not suitable 610 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 11,435 ... ...
1960 or before 930 ... ...
1961 to 1980 3,440 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,225 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,760 ... ...
2001 to 2005 665 ... ...
2006 to 2010 985 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,130 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,295 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 11,435 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 10,370 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,060 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 11,435 ... ...
One-maintainer household 5,440 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 5,235 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 760 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 11,435 ... ...
15 to 24 years 295 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,015 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,375 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,125 ... ...
55 to 64 years 2,215 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,620 ... ...
75 to 84 years 590 ... ...
85 years and over 200 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 11,420 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 9,465 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,955 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,835 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 11,435 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 3,315 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,670 ... ...
Not suitable only 515 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 815 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 60 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 210 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 30 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 8,125 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 11,300 ... ...
In core need 1,175 ... ...
Not in core need 10,125 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 7,735 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 67.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,800 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,754 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 500,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 521,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 3,700 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 21.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 28.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,400 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,474 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 27,725 13,610 14,120
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,000 910 1,085
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,875 860 1,020
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,670 755 910
Métis single ancestry 110 55 55
Inuit single ancestry 105 45 55
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 125 55 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 80 35 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 45 25 20
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,800 1,310 1,490
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,730 1,265 1,470
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,965 925 1,040
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 675 290 380
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 90 45 50
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 75 50 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55 35 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 15 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 22,925 11,385 11,535
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 27,725 13,610 14,115
Canadian citizens77 25,230 12,320 12,905
Canadian citizens aged under 18 5,685 2,960 2,725
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 19,545 9,360 10,185
Not Canadian citizens78 2,500 1,285 1,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 27,725 13,610 14,115
Non-immigrants80 22,715 11,235 11,480
Immigrants81 4,195 1,950 2,245
Before 1980 780 380 395
1980 to 1990 265 105 160
1991 to 2000 485 180 305
2001 to 2010 870 420 445
2011 to 202182 1,805 865 935
2011 to 2015 850 385 470
2016 to 2021 955 485 465
Non-permanent residents83 815 425 390
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 4,195 1,945 2,245
Under 5 years 345 180 170
5 to 14 years 675 320 355
15 to 24 years 825 400 430
25 to 44 years 2,010 895 1,120
45 years and over 330 155 175
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 4,195 1,945 2,245
Americas 575 270 305
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 15 0 15
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 40 10 25
Mexico 60 25 30
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 0
United States of America 360 185 175
Other places of birth in Americas 90 35 50
Europe 1,185 575 605
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 10 10 0
France 90 40 45
Germany 235 115 115
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 15 10 10
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 70 40 35
Poland 20 10 0
Portugal 10 10 0
Romania 25 10 10
Russian Federation 35 20 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 10 0
United Kingdom87 395 165 230
Other places of birth in Europe 260 130 125
Africa 170 100 70
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 10 0 0
Ethiopia 15 0 10
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 30 20 0
Somalia 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 85 50 40
Asia 2,175 960 1,215
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 15 10 0
China90 170 65 110
Hong Kong91 25 0 20
Korea, South92 60 15 50
Taiwan 10 10 0
Philippines 1,325 580 745
Viet Nam 40 0 35
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 330 180 150
Pakistan 55 40 20
Sri Lanka 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Asia 110 50 65
Oceania and other places of birth93 90 40 45
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 950 485 465
Americas 115 55 60
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 15 0 10
Mexico 30 15 20
United States of America 30 15 15
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 30 15 15
Europe 160 100 60
France 20 15 0
Germany 30 10 15
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 35 20 15
Other places of birth in Europe 65 40 25
Africa 65 40 25
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 15 15 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 20 10 0
Asia 580 270 310
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 30 10 20
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 230 135 95
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 40 15 20
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 25 10 15
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 25 15 10
Philippines 215 90 125
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 10
Oceania and other93 35 15 20
Australia 25 10 20
Other places of birth98 10 10 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 27,730 13,605 14,115
First generation100 5,265 2,485 2,780
Second generation101 4,715 2,305 2,405
Third generation or more102 17,750 8,820 8,935
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,420 1,570 1,850
Economic immigrants104 2,390 1,135 1,250
Principal applicants105 1,220 580 635
Secondary applicants106 1,170 560 615
Immigrants sponsored by family107 885 360 525
Refugees108 125 65 55
Other immigrants109 25 0 15
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,420 1,570 1,850
Asylum claim before admission111 70 35 40
Work permits only before admission112 935 435 495
Study permits only before admission113 60 20 45
Work and study permits before admission114 325 140 185
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 2,025 930 1,090
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 27,725 13,605 14,115
Total visible minority population118 4,660 2,165 2,490
South Asian 975 525 450
Chinese 540 245 300
Black 520 265 255
Filipino 1,820 780 1,040
Arab 20 10 10
Latin American 215 100 115
Southeast Asian 150 60 85
West Asian 20 10 10
Korean 80 15 65
Japanese 165 80 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 15 0 15
Multiple visible minorities 140 70 65
Not a visible minority120 23,070 11,440 11,625
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 27,725 13,610 14,115
Canadian 3,450 1,735 1,715
English 6,780 3,220 3,560
Irish 5,355 2,615 2,745
Scottish 5,990 3,000 2,990
French, n.o.s.122 3,035 1,440 1,600
German 3,715 1,880 1,835
Chinese 735 340 395
Italian 480 240 240
Indian (India) 650 330 320
Ukrainian 1,435 710 725
Dutch 1,335 615 715
Polish 715 330 380
Québécois 90 50 35
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,025 470 550
Filipino 1,650 690 955
French Canadian 445 210 235
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 635 320 320
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,875 895 975
Métis 910 415 500
European, n.o.s.126 770 405 365
Russian 470 205 270
Norwegian 1,070 525 545
Welsh 855 410 445
Portuguese 85 55 30
American 480 245 240
Spanish 345 180 165
Swedish 645 330 315
Hungarian 295 145 150
Acadian 165 60 110
Pakistani 85 65 15
African, n.o.s.127 65 25 35
Jewish 170 75 100
Punjabi 135 80 60
Vietnamese 90 35 60
Arab, n.o.s.128 35 20 10
Greek 40 25 15
Jamaican 70 25 50
Asian, n.o.s.129 180 90 95
Cree, n.o.s.130 290 110 180
Korean 100 25 75
Romanian 120 40 80
Lebanese 45 20 25
Iranian 10 10 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 35 0 35
Danish 305 150 160
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 230 130 100
Sikh 115 50 65
Austrian 240 135 105
Belgian 185 95 95
Haitian 10 0 0
Hindu 45 25 20
Mexican 125 75 45
Mennonite 130 70 60
Swiss 300 155 145
Finnish 235 135 100
Sri Lankan 20 20 0
Croatian 75 20 55
Japanese 215 100 120
South Asian, n.o.s.133 15 0 10
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 45 20 25
Northern European, n.o.s.135 170 70 95
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 20 0 15
Tamil 10 0 10
Icelandic 230 105 120
Colombian 20 0 20
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 135 75 60
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 15 10 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 55 20 35
Serbian 15 10 10
Ojibway 55 15 45
Newfoundlander 85 45 40
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 70 45 30
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 15 10 10
Turkish 15 10 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 140 70 70
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 10 0 10
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 45 20 25
Armenian 15 0 10
Slovak 95 25 70
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 75 30 45
Somali