Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Victoria, City (CY)More information:
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 91,867 ... ...
Population, 20161 85,792 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.1 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 53,070 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 49,222 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,722.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.45 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 91,870 43,585 48,285
0 to 14 years 8,450 4,240 4,205
0 to 4 years 2,910 1,510 1,400
5 to 9 years 2,835 1,395 1,440
10 to 14 years 2,705 1,340 1,365
15 to 64 years 62,060 30,275 31,785
15 to 19 years 2,710 1,375 1,340
20 to 24 years 6,040 2,565 3,475
25 to 29 years 8,765 4,240 4,525
30 to 34 years 9,035 4,545 4,490
35 to 39 years 7,455 3,820 3,635
40 to 44 years 5,985 3,035 2,945
45 to 49 years 5,205 2,635 2,570
50 to 54 years 5,340 2,635 2,705
55 to 59 years 5,560 2,665 2,895
60 to 64 years 5,965 2,755 3,205
65 years and over 21,350 9,065 12,285
65 to 69 years 6,020 2,675 3,345
70 to 74 years 5,905 2,675 3,230
75 to 79 years 3,705 1,685 2,015
80 to 84 years 2,410 990 1,430
85 years and over 3,320 1,045 2,270
85 to 89 years 1,675 605 1,065
90 to 94 years 1,235 350 890
95 to 99 years 355 80 275
100 years and over 45 10 40
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 9.2 9.7 8.7
15 to 64 years 67.6 69.5 65.8
65 years and over 23.2 20.8 25.4
85 years and over 3.6 2.4 4.7
Average age of the population 45.2 44.0 46.3
Median age of the population 42.8 41.6 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 49,225 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,685 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,150 ... ...
Row house 2,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,450 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 23,510 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,000 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 35 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 49,225 ... ...
1 person 24,100 ... ...
2 persons 17,060 ... ...
3 persons 4,295 ... ...
4 persons 2,620 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,145 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 87,890 41,820 46,065
Average household size 1.8 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 83,415 39,340 44,075
Married or living common-law 38,580 19,280 19,305
Married 26,155 13,060 13,095
Living common-law 12,425 6,215 6,205
Living common law - Never married 10,080 5,020 5,055
Living common law - Separated 270 150 120
Living common law - Divorced 1,945 995 955
Living common law - Widowed 125 50 75
Not married and not living common-law 44,835 20,060 24,770
Not married and not living common law - Never married 29,280 14,960 14,320
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,400 1,000 1,395
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 8,670 3,180 5,495
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 4,485 925 3,560
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 21,760 ... ...
2 persons 15,225 ... ...
3 persons 3,545 ... ...
4 persons 2,340 ... ...
5 or more persons 650 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.5 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.5 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 21,760 ... ...
Total couple families 18,540 ... ...
Married couples 12,330 ... ...
With children6 4,670 ... ...
Without children 7,670 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,205 ... ...
With children6 980 ... ...
Without children 5,225 ... ...
Total one-parent families 3,225 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,585 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 640 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 87,890 41,825 46,065
Total - Persons in census families 53,900 26,230 27,670
Married spouses or common-law partners 37,075 18,550 18,530
Parents in one-parent families 3,225 640 2,585
Children6 13,610 7,045 6,560
In a two-parent family 9,275 4,740 4,540
In a one-parent family 4,330 2,310 2,025
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 33,985 15,590 18,395
Living alone 24,100 10,670 13,430
Living with other relatives7 1,530 705 830
Living with non-relatives only 8,350 4,215 4,140
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 49,220 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 19,975 ... ...
Couple-family households 17,160 ... ...
With children6 5,135 ... ...
Without children 12,025 ... ...
One-parent-family households 2,815 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 365 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 160 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 940 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 3,680 ... ...
One-person households 24,100 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 79,470 37,590 41,880
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 78,090 36,880 41,205
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,200 46,400 41,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 78,125 36,900 41,220
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200 41,600 37,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 71,625 33,820 37,805
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000 42,800 33,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 56,910 27,725 29,185
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 42,800 35,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,235 29,925 36,310
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,600 9,000 10,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,705 3,075 3,630
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,320 5,240 5,360
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 22,165 10,370 11,790
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 79,470 37,595 41,880
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 78,060 36,985 41,070
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,500 59,600 49,920
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 78,075 37,000 41,080
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,200 49,760 43,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 71,475 33,860 37,620
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,680 56,150 43,880
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 56,910 27,875 29,035
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,040 53,350 43,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,025 29,970 36,055
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,650 10,100 11,110
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 6,370 2,905 3,465
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,225 5,895 6,500
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 21,920 10,235 11,680
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,170 9,080 9,250
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 79,470 37,590 41,875
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 26,355 13,895 12,455
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,400 64,500 60,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,800 75,300 67,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 24,520 11,200 13,325
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,800 21,800 18,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,560 31,440 26,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.4 86.2 80.4
Employment income (%)19 64.2 67.4 60.9
Government transfers (%)20 16.5 13.7 19.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.8 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.8 5.1 6.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 4.2 5.3
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 79,470 37,595 41,875
Without total income 1,380 710 670
With total income 78,090 36,880 41,210
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,990 2,300 2,690
$10,000 to $19,999 7,390 3,305 4,090
$20,000 to $29,999 12,385 5,150 7,240
$30,000 to $39,999 10,875 4,830 6,045
$40,000 to $49,999 9,705 4,485 5,215
$50,000 to $59,999 7,930 3,590 4,340
$60,000 to $69,999 6,090 2,925 3,160
$70,000 to $79,999 4,760 2,415 2,345
$80,000 to $89,999 3,530 1,865 1,660
$90,000 to $99,999 2,690 1,390 1,300
$100,000 and over 7,740 4,610 3,125
$100,000 to $149,999 5,260 2,970 2,285
$150,000 and over 2,480 1,640 840
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 79,470 37,595 41,875
Without after-tax income 1,345 690 655
With after-tax income 78,125 36,905 41,225
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,275 2,410 2,865
$10,000 to $19,999 7,675 3,430 4,240
$20,000 to $29,999 14,155 5,995 8,160
$30,000 to $39,999 12,800 5,765 7,035
$40,000 to $49,999 11,105 5,130 5,975
$50,000 to $59,999 8,320 3,905 4,410
$60,000 to $69,999 5,870 2,980 2,890
$70,000 to $79,999 4,210 2,185 2,030
$80,000 to $89,999 2,840 1,505 1,335
$90,000 to $99,999 1,795 970 825
$100,000 and over 4,090 2,635 1,460
$100,000 to $124,999 2,015 1,250 765
$125,000 and over 2,080 1,385 690
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 79,470 37,595 41,875
Without employment income 22,555 9,865 12,690
With employment income 56,915 27,730 29,185
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,025 3,175 3,850
$5,000 to $9,999 4,355 1,870 2,490
$10,000 to $19,999 6,760 2,940 3,825
$20,000 to $29,999 5,610 2,620 2,990
$30,000 to $39,999 5,325 2,610 2,715
$40,000 to $49,999 5,425 2,620 2,805
$50,000 to $59,999 5,220 2,465 2,750
$60,000 to $69,999 4,105 1,995 2,115
$70,000 to $79,999 3,285 1,735 1,550
$80,000 to $89,999 2,570 1,400 1,170
$90,000 to $99,999 2,005 1,060 945
$100,000 and over 5,215 3,235 1,985
$100,000 to $124,999 2,645 1,490 1,160
$125,000 and over 2,575 1,745 830
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 79,470 37,590 41,880
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 76,500 36,055 40,445
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,000 43,600 37,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 76,580 36,090 40,500
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,000 38,800 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 71,055 33,535 37,525
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 42,400 33,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 58,840 28,405 30,440
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 40,400 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 54,245 23,440 30,805
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,960 2,540 4,920
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 4,085 1,925 2,160
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,320 5,080 5,680
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 79,470 37,595 41,880
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 76,555 36,145 40,410
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,640 56,150 45,680
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 76,635 36,200 40,430
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,520 46,160 39,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 70,875 33,525 37,350
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,760 55,350 42,880
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 58,635 28,435 30,205
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,280 50,800 40,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 54,180 23,250 30,930
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,730 7,520 7,890
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,090 1,865 2,225
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,700 6,020 7,270
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 79,470 37,590 41,875
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 26,005 13,680 12,320
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 57,600 60,000 55,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 65,900 70,500 60,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 23,510 10,740 12,765
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,400 27,000 22,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,360 37,400 30,000
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 89.2 91.4 86.8
Employment income (%) 68.6 71.2 65.6
Government transfers (%) 10.8 8.6 13.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7 0.6 0.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 49,225 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 67,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 60,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 24,100 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 25,120 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 49,225 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 86,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 24,095 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 53,850 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 25,125 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 117,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 99,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 49,225 ... ...
Under $5,000 715 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 355 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 585 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,505 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,135 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,200 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,375 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,275 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,310 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,025 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,685 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,080 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,605 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,235 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,790 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,155 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,420 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 49,225 ... ...
Under $5,000 790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 370 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,985 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,530 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,660 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,710 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,805 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,600 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,065 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,315 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,830 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,030 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,500 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,885 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,410 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,605 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,865 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 22,010 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 12,515 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,665 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 131,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 114,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,150 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.4 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 32,455 14,890 17,570
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 40,800 41,200 40,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 37,600 36,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 22,015 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 120,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,575 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 118,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 99,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,690 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 153,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 127,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,110 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,550 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 32,445 14,850 17,595
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 49,520 50,040 49,080
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 42,800 42,960 42,680
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 87,890 41,820 46,070
0 to 17 years 9,990 5,045 4,945
0 to 5 years 3,470 1,790 1,680
18 to 64 years 59,105 28,455 30,650
65 years and over 18,795 8,320 10,475
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,515 5,255 6,260
0 to 17 years 1,375 680 695
0 to 5 years 490 235 255
18 to 64 years 7,025 3,320 3,705
65 years and over 3,110 1,250 1,860
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.1 12.6 13.6
0 to 17 years (%) 13.7 13.4 14.0
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 13.0 15.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.7 12.1
65 years and over (%) 16.6 15.1 17.7
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 87,890 41,825 46,065
0 to 17 years 9,985 5,045 4,940
0 to 5 years 3,470 1,790 1,685
18 to 64 years 59,110 28,455 30,650
65 years and over 18,795 8,320 10,475
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,225 2,545 2,680
0 to 17 years 460 200 260
0 to 5 years 140 65 70
18 to 64 years 4,275 2,110 2,170
65 years and over 485 230 255
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 6.1 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 4.6 4.0 5.2
0 to 5 years (%) 4.0 3.6 4.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.2 7.4 7.1
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.8 2.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 87,890 41,820 46,070
In bottom half of the distribution 46,805 21,695 25,105
In bottom decile 11,525 5,360 6,160
In second decile 9,535 4,255 5,280
In third decile 8,905 4,190 4,720
In fourth decile 8,405 3,945 4,455
In fifth decile 8,425 3,945 4,485
In top half of the distribution 41,085 20,125 20,965
In sixth decile 8,160 3,895 4,260
In seventh decile 7,775 3,775 4,000
In eighth decile 8,225 4,005 4,220
In ninth decile 8,595 4,225 4,365
In top decile 8,345 4,225 4,120
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 87,890 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.344 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.449 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.306 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.1 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 89,115 42,325 46,790
English only 76,660 36,990 39,670
French only 35 15 15
English and French 11,735 5,020 6,715
Neither English nor French 685 290 395
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 89,115 42,325 46,790
English 86,515 41,140 45,375
French 1,645 775 870
English and French 305 135 170
Neither English nor French 650 275 375
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 89,115 42,325 46,790
Single responses 86,595 41,180 45,415
Official languages 73,880 35,655 38,230
English 72,220 34,875 37,345
French 1,655 780 880
Non-official languages 12,715 5,530 7,190
Indigenous languages39 50 20 30
Algonquian languages 30 10 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 15 5 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 5 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 5 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 5 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 12,665 5,505 7,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 815 425 390
Berber languages 5 5 0
Kabyle 5 5 0
Tamazight 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 95 40 55
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 35 15 20
Somali 55 30 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 715 380 330
Amharic 65 25 45
Arabic 565 315 250
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 35 25 10
Maltese 5 5 0
Tigrigna 40 20 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 100 145
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15
Vietnamese 220 85 135
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,455 570 885
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 35 15 20
Cebuano 70 25 45
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 35 20 15
Ilocano 105 45 60
Indonesian 20 5 15
Kankanaey 5 0 5
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 0
Pangasinan 0 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,145 435 705
Waray-Waray 5 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Creole languages 20 5 15
Haitian Creole 5 0 5
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 205 115 85
Kannada 5 5 5
Malayalam 105 65 40
Tamil 40 15 25
Telugu 50 20 25
Tulu 5 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,130 2,765 3,365
Albanian 45 20 30
Armenian 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,195 485 705
Baltic languages 35 15 20
Latvian 20 5 10
Lithuanian 15 5 10
Slavic languages 1,160 475 685
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 40 20 15
Czech 100 40 50
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 315 135 180
Russian 350 145 200
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 160 55 110
Bosnian 15 5 10
Croatian 75 25 50
Serbian 70 30 45
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Slovak 35 20 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5
Ukrainian 150 50 95
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 10 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,465 585 885
Frisian 5 0 5
High German languages 935 350 590
German 890 330 555
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 10 15
Yiddish 20 10 15
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 390 170 220
Afrikaans 45 25 20
Dutch 325 140 190
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5
Scandinavian languages 140 60 75
Danish 50 25 30
Icelandic 5 5 5
Norwegian 40 20 15
Swedish 40 15 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 65 35 25
Indo-Iranian languages 1,495 770 720
Indo-Aryan languages 1,080 575 510
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 85 50 35
Gujarati 80 40 40
Hindi 255 150 105
Kacchi 10 5 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5
Marathi 30 15 10
Nepali 25 15 15
Oriya languages 0 5 0
Odia 0 5 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 405 200 210
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
Urdu 140 75 60
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 415 200 215
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 15 10 5
Parsi 5 0 5
Pashto 20 15 5
Persian languages 375 175 205
Dari 20 10 10
Iranian Persian 315 140 175
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 40 20 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,845 855 990
Catalan 5 0 0
Italian 220 100 120
Portuguese 430 195 235
Romanian 90 45 45
Spanish 1,100 520 585
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 485 120 365
Korean 505 210 295
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 110 55 55
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 5 0 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 0 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 25 15 15
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 5 5 0
Yoruba 20 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 15 20
American Sign Language 30 10 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,200 935 1,265
Chinese languages 2,175 925 1,250
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,065 420 640
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 5 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 15
Yue (Cantonese) 1,015 465 550
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 25
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 140 45 95
Lao 5 0 0
Thai 135 40 95
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 100 60 40
Azerbaijani 5 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 100 60 35
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 220 85 135
Estonian 20 0 15
Finnish 65 20 40
Hungarian 145 65 75
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,515 1,145 1,375
English and French 555 240 320
English and non-official language(s) 1,670 775 895
French and non-official language(s) 50 25 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 65 25 35
Multiple non-official languages 180 80 105
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 89,115 42,325 46,790
English 75,005 35,990 39,010
French 315 155 165
Non-official language 2,660 1,230 1,435
Indigenous39 10 5 0
Non-Indigenous 2,655 1,220 1,430
English and French 1,440 625 820
English and non-official language(s) 8,910 3,970 4,940
French and non-official language(s) 30 10 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 505 230 280
Multiple non-official languages 250 115 135
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 89,115 42,325 46,790
Single responses 87,105 41,410 45,700
Official languages 81,655 38,870 42,790
English 81,170 38,640 42,530
French 490 230 255
Non-official languages 5,455 2,540 2,915
Indigenous languages39 10 5 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,445 2,535 2,910
Afro-Asiatic languages 475 240 240
Berber languages 5 0 5
Kabyle 5 0 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 50 25 30
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 25 10 15
Somali 30 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 420 215 205
Amharic 45 10 30
Arabic 345 185 160
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 25 15 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 60 60
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
Vietnamese 110 55 60
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 795 360 435
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 0 5
Cebuano 30 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 70 35 35
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 670 300 370
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 10 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 5 0 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 110 50 55
Kannada 5 0 0
Malayalam 50 25 25
Tamil 25 10 10
Telugu 35 15 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,955 960 1,000
Albanian 30 15 15
Armenian 5 0 5
Balto-Slavic languages 345 160 190
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 0 0
Slavic languages 345 155 190
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 15 10 10
Czech 20 10 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 60 30 25
Russian 165 75 90
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 30
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 25 10 15
Serbian 20 10 15
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 35 10 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 120 50 70
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 85 35 50
German 80 35 50
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 30 15 20
Afrikaans 15 10 5
Dutch 15 10 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 725 395 330
Indo-Aryan languages 495 275 215
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 25 15 10
Gujarati 20 5 10
Hindi 125 80 50
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 15 10 5
Nepali 15 5 10
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 180 100 80
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 5 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 90 45 45
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Iranian languages 230 120 110
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 10 5 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 20 15 0
Persian languages 205 100 105
Dari 10 5 5
Iranian Persian 185 90 95
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 15 5 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 715 330 390
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 45 25 25
Portuguese 210 95 120
Romanian 20 10 10
Spanish 435 200 235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 165 55 110
Korean 320 145 175
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 5 0 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 50 25 25
American Sign Language 40 15 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,280 575 710
Chinese languages 1,270 565 700
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 675 300 370
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 5
Yue (Cantonese) 560 240 315
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 30
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 55 20 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 45 25 25
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 45 20 25
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 45 15 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 5 5
Hungarian 30 10 20
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,005 910 1,095
English and French 235 100 135
English and non-official language(s) 1,680 775 910
French and non-official language(s) 10 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 35 15 25
Multiple non-official languages 45 20 25
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 89,115 42,325 46,790
None 79,630 38,125 41,500
English 2,310 1,070 1,235
French 1,135 490 640
Non-official language 4,730 2,020 2,710
Indigenous39 90 40 45
Non-Indigenous 4,640 1,975 2,660
English and French 40 15 20
English and non-official language(s) 385 190 190
French and non-official language(s) 340 160 180
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 540 240 300
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 87,890 41,805 46,080
Official languages 87,205 41,520 45,690
English 87,180 41,515 45,665
French 11,765 5,065 6,700
Non-official languages 20,225 9,275 10,950
Indigenous languages39 355 145 210
Algonquian languages 190 65 125
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 70 30 40
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 70 30 40
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 45 25 25
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 35 85
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 110 25 75
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 105 25 75
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 25 15 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 15 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10
Salish languages 25 20 0
Halkomelem 15 10 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 25 15 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 15 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 40 10 30
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 10 20
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 19,930 9,170 10,760
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,280 655 625
Berber languages 35 20 15
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 35 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 115 45 70
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 65 25 35
Somali 45 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,205 625 585
Amharic 110 35 80
Arabic 880 485 400
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 180 90 90
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 65 30 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 345 130 215
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 25
Vietnamese 295 100 195
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,125 845 1,275
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 0 20
Cebuano 75 30 40
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 20 20
Ilocano 145 75 75
Indonesian 70 25 45
Kankanaey 10 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 50 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 20 0 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,960 775 1,185
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40
Creole languages 85 45 40
Haitian Creole 10 10 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 25 15 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25
Dravidian languages 380 225 155
Kannada 10 10 0
Malayalam 190 120 65
Tamil 80 45 35
Telugu 140 75 65
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 10 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,240 5,355 5,885
Albanian 75 45 30
Armenian 10 10 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,625 760 860
Baltic languages 40 20 20
Latvian 30 15 20
Lithuanian 10 10 0
Slavic languages 1,590 750 840
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 40 25 15
Czech 125 50 80
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 355 170 185
Russian 620 300 320
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 295 140 155
Bosnian 20 0 20
Croatian 130 60 75
Serbian 175 85 90
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 60 25 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10
Ukrainian 210 120 95
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 50 35 15
Irish 30 20 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10
Welsh 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,760 1,290 1,470
Frisian 25 10 20
High German languages 1,950 915 1,045
German 1,915 900 1,015
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 30 0 30
Yiddish 25 15 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 605 250 350
Afrikaans 115 65 50
Dutch 475 180 290
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 295 165 130
Danish 95 60 40
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 105 65 40
Swedish 125 55 65
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 90 50 45
Indo-Iranian languages 1,995 1,020 980
Indo-Aryan languages 1,585 825 770
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 130 65 65
Gujarati 120 70 60
Hindi 830 475 355
Kacchi 15 0 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 30 10 20
Marathi 115 45 70
Nepali 40 15 25
Oriya languages 10 10 0
Odia 10 10 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 575 275 290
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 295 140 155
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0
Iranian languages 440 220 225
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 15 10 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 40 30 10
Persian languages 400 190 215
Dari 30 20 10
Iranian Persian 355 170 185
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30 0 25
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 5,290 2,460 2,830
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 830 325 505
Portuguese 620 310 315
Romanian 60 35 30
Spanish 4,160 1,990 2,170
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Japanese 1,065 410 660
Korean 695 320 375
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 270 135 135
Akan (Twi) 50 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 15 0 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 0 25
Lingala 15 15 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 10 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 15 10 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 15 10 0
Swahili 95 45 45
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 35 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 280 90 185
American Sign Language 240 65 175
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,670 1,200 1,470
Chinese languages 2,625 1,170 1,450
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,560 685 880
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 10
Yue (Cantonese) 1,360 600 755
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 35 15
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 35 25 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 165 55 110
Lao 15 10 0
Thai 160 55 110
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 215 105 110
Azerbaijani 15 10 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 195 100 100
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Uralic languages 315 165 155
Estonian 35 10 25
Finnish 95 50 45
Hungarian 195 110 80
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 87,890 41,810 46,085
Indigenous identity45 4,365 1,935 2,425
Single Indigenous responses46 4,160 1,865 2,295
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,345 1,120 1,220
Métis 1,785 735 1,050
Inuk (Inuit) 25 10 15
Multiple Indigenous responses47 135 40 95
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 70 40 35
Non-Indigenous identity 83,530 39,870 43,655
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 87,890 41,810 46,085
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,530 730 805
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 86,360 41,080 45,275
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 49,225 ... ...
Owner 19,455 ... ...
Renter 29,765 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 49,225 ... ...
Condominium 15,085 ... ...
Not condominium 34,140 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 49,225 ... ...
No bedrooms 2,265 ... ...
1 bedroom 19,425 ... ...
2 bedrooms 17,385 ... ...
3 bedrooms 6,435 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 3,710 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 49,225 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 31,515 ... ...
5 rooms 6,935 ... ...
6 rooms 3,760 ... ...
7 rooms 2,515 ... ...
8 or more rooms 4,495 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.3 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 49,225 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 48,460 ... ...
More than one person per room 765 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 49,225 ... ...
Suitable 46,495 ... ...
Not suitable 2,725 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 49,225 ... ...
1960 or before 15,050 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,265 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,655 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,475 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,590 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,260 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,780 ... ...
2016 to 202157 3,145 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 49,225 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 46,175 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,045 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 49,225 ... ...
One-maintainer household 29,905 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 17,620 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,700 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 49,225 ... ...
15 to 24 years 2,750 ... ...
25 to 34 years 9,980 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,295 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,825 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,660 ... ...
65 to 74 years 8,150 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,140 ... ...
85 years and over 1,425 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 49,045 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 32,375 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 16,675 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 14,890 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 49,220 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 20,495 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 14,935 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,805 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,870 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 715 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 975 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 150 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 60 ... ...
Acceptable housing 28,725 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 47,260 ... ...
In core need 9,160 ... ...
Not in core need 38,100 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 19,455 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 56.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 21.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 8.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,310 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,586 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 750,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 821,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 29,765 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 42.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 26.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,300 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,378 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 87,890 41,810 46,080
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,190 530 665
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,170 525 650
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 980 445 535
Métis single ancestry 185 75 110
Inuit single ancestry 10 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 15 0 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 15 0 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 4,060 1,860 2,200
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,885 1,795 2,095
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,715 1,330 1,385
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,150 455 690
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20 0 10
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 175 65 110
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 165 65 100
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 82,640 39,425 43,215
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 87,890 41,810 46,080
Canadian citizens77 80,110 38,110 41,995
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,315 4,640 4,680
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,785 33,470 37,320
Not Canadian citizens78 7,785 3,700 4,085
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 87,890 41,810 46,080
Non-immigrants80 67,650 32,350 35,300
Immigrants81 17,580 8,145 9,430
Before 1980 5,690 2,560 3,130
1980 to 1990 1,660 835 830
1991 to 2000 2,335 1,050 1,290
2001 to 2010 2,930 1,365 1,565
2011 to 202182 4,960 2,330 2,625
2011 to 2015 1,895 870 1,025
2016 to 2021 3,070 1,465 1,600
Non-permanent residents83 2,660 1,310 1,345
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 17,580 8,145 9,435
Under 5 years 1,870 905 960
5 to 14 years 2,890 1,540 1,350
15 to 24 years 3,040 1,325 1,710
25 to 44 years 8,255 3,725 4,530
45 years and over 1,525 645 885
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 17,580 8,145 9,435
Americas 3,175 1,435 1,740
Brazil 110 65 50
Colombia 125 60 60
El Salvador 55 25 30
Guyana 25 0 20
Haiti 20 10 15
Jamaica 105 55 45
Mexico 245 110 130
Peru 35 15 20
Trinidad and Tobago 40 0 35
United States of America 1,945 855 1,090
Other places of birth in Americas 475 230 245
Europe 6,655 3,190 3,465
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 10 20
Croatia 40 10 30
France 160 80 85
Germany 590 250 340
Greece 30 20 15
Hungary 100 60 45
Italy 135 75 65
Netherlands 315 115 205
Poland 270 145 120
Portugal 80 35 50
Romania 95 50 40
Russian Federation 255 115 140
Serbia86 95 45 50
Ukraine 95 60 35
United Kingdom87 3,505 1,740 1,765
Other places of birth in Europe 860 400 460
Africa 1,055 520 535
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 55 45 0
Eritrea 55 25 25
Ethiopia 110 35 80
Morocco 95 40 50
Nigeria 50 20 30
Somalia 20 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 260 120 140
Other places of birth in Africa 390 205 190
Asia 6,365 2,820 3,545
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 260 135 125
Iraq 55 30 25
Lebanon 45 20 25
Syria89 185 115 75
Turkey 100 60 40
China90 1,110 485 625
Hong Kong91 210 90 115
Korea, South92 400 185 220
Taiwan 110 40 70
Philippines 1,845 740 1,100
Viet Nam 210 90 120
Bangladesh 60 40 25
India 650 365 285
Pakistan 170 75 95
Sri Lanka 25 15 15
Other places of birth in Asia 925 335 590
Oceania and other places of birth93 335 180 155
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 3,070 1,465 1,605
Americas 470 205 265
Brazil 50 25 20
Colombia 25 0 20
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 0 10
Mexico 45 25 25
United States of America 255 105 150
Venezuela95 15 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 65 30 30
Europe 475 270 210
France 35 20 15
Germany 50 25 25
Ireland96 40 20 15
Italy 15 15 0
Russian Federation 25 10 15
Ukraine 25 10 15
United Kingdom87 185 120 65
Other places of birth in Europe 110 55 55
Africa 300 125 180
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 20 15 0
Ethiopia 50 15 40
Morocco 25 0 20
Nigeria 30 10 25
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 30 10 20
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 115 55 60
Asia 1,750 810 940
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 30 20 10
China90 160 50 110
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 300 155 140
Iran88 25 15 15
Iraq 35 15 20
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 55 10 45
Jordan 10 0 10
Korea, South92 90 35 55
Lebanon 10 0 10
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 75 40 30
Philippines 585 265 325
Saudi Arabia 15 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 180 105 75
Turkey 35 30 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 30 10 15
Other places of birth in Asia 110 50 55
Oceania and other93 70 55 10
Australia 50 40 10
Other places of birth98 15 10 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 87,890 41,810 46,085
First generation100 22,125 10,340 11,780
Second generation101 19,390 9,125 10,270
Third generation or more102 46,375 22,345 24,035
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 11,890 5,580 6,305
Economic immigrants104 6,710 3,275 3,435
Principal applicants105 3,295 1,775 1,520
Secondary applicants106 3,410 1,495 1,920
Immigrants sponsored by family107 4,095 1,700 2,400
Refugees108 955 545 410
Other immigrants109 125 65 65
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 11,890 5,580 6,305
Asylum claim before admission111 275 160 115
Work permits only before admission112 2,540 1,105 1,435
Study permits only before admission113 585 265 315
Work and study permits before admission114 1,075 475 595
Other permits before admission115 75 30 45
No pre-admission experience116 7,345 3,545 3,800
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 87,890 41,810 46,085
Total visible minority population118 14,860 6,980 7,880
South Asian 2,540 1,295 1,250
Chinese 3,075 1,455 1,620
Black 1,510 755 750
Filipino 2,340 925 1,415
Arab 680 390 285
Latin American 1,120 515 605
Southeast Asian 780 290 490
West Asian 445 215 235
Korean 675 325 350
Japanese 895 355 540
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 210 120 95
Multiple visible minorities 590 340 255
Not a visible minority120 73,030 34,830 38,200
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 87,890 41,805 46,080
Canadian 7,335 3,745 3,590
English 26,790 12,640 14,150
Irish 18,205 8,225 9,980
Scottish 21,660 9,880 11,780
French, n.o.s.122 8,300 3,775 4,525
German 11,540 5,410 6,130
Chinese 3,285 1,545 1,735
Italian 3,205 1,435 1,770
Indian (India) 1,790 930 865
Ukrainian 4,455 2,015 2,440
Dutch 4,030 1,815 2,210
Polish 3,240 1,525 1,715
Québécois 260 125 135
British Isles, n.o.s.123 5,785 2,735 3,055
Filipino 2,255 890 1,365
French Canadian 1,085 495 595
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,940 980 960
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,460 710 750
Métis 1,525 600 925
European, n.o.s.126 2,410 1,160 1,245
Russian 2,195 990 1,195
Norwegian 3,030 1,340 1,690
Welsh 3,210 1,430 1,780
Portuguese 695 320 370
American 2,025 945 1,080
Spanish 1,015 440 575
Swedish 2,070 920 1,155
Hungarian 1,250 585 670
Acadian 335 165 175
Pakistani 190 80 110
African, n.o.s.127 450 245 205
Jewish 1,405 710 690
Punjabi 235 120 115
Vietnamese 410 170 245
Arab, n.o.s.128 285 175 110
Greek 440 185 250
Jamaican 275 135 135
Asian, n.o.s.129 365 140 230
Cree, n.o.s.130 550 230 315
Korean 675 340 340
Romanian 625 295 325
Lebanese 290 150 140
Iranian 395 185 210
Christian, n.i.e.131 220 130 85
Danish 1,385 610 775
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 495 285 215
Sikh 95 50 50
Austrian 1,090 515 575
Belgian 555 285 270
Haitian 30 15 15
Hindu 135 85 45
Mexican 440 230 210
Mennonite 330 165 165
Swiss 680 310 370
Finnish 805 395 415
Sri Lankan 35 15 20
Croatian 335 175 160
Japanese 1,015 410 605
South Asian, n.o.s.133 80 40 40
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 210 105 105
Northern European, n.o.s.135 785 375 410
Muslim 45 20 20
Egyptian 140 80 60
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 195 90 105
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 545 270 270
Colombian 185 80 105
Moroccan 120 50 75
Czech 520 250 270
Syrian 150 85 65
Guyanese 80 50 35
Afghan 25 15 10
Black, n.o.s.137 95 55 45
Serbian 295 150 150
Ojibway 215 90 120
Newfoundlander 140 90 50
Hong Konger 145 55 90
Ontarian 80 15 65
Persian 150 65 85
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 165 75 90
Turkish 225 105 120
Inuit, n.o.s.138 40 15 25
Bangladeshi 55 35 20
Algerian 10 0 0
Brazilian 225 110 110
Nigerian 120 50 70
Armenian 80 50 30
Slovak 230 110 130
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 350 130 220
Somali 50 25 25
Taiwanese 135 65 80
Iraqi