Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Vancouver, City (CY)More information:
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 662,248 ... ...
Population, 20161 631,486 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 4.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 328,347 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 305,336 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,749.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 115.18 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 662,250 324,570 337,675
0 to 14 years 70,570 36,595 33,980
0 to 4 years 23,840 12,170 11,670
5 to 9 years 23,070 12,140 10,930
10 to 14 years 23,660 12,280 11,380
15 to 64 years 478,960 236,425 242,535
15 to 19 years 26,315 13,645 12,670
20 to 24 years 43,290 21,135 22,155
25 to 29 years 67,155 32,785 34,375
30 to 34 years 69,225 34,580 34,640
35 to 39 years 57,330 29,065 28,270
40 to 44 years 45,075 22,380 22,695
45 to 49 years 42,045 20,055 21,990
50 to 54 years 44,840 21,665 23,175
55 to 59 years 44,360 22,060 22,305
60 to 64 years 39,320 19,060 20,265
65 years and over 112,720 51,555 61,160
65 to 69 years 34,590 16,420 18,170
70 to 74 years 30,055 14,175 15,880
75 to 79 years 18,520 8,495 10,025
80 to 84 years 13,865 6,080 7,785
85 years and over 15,695 6,385 9,310
85 to 89 years 9,425 4,055 5,370
90 to 94 years 4,685 1,870 2,815
95 to 99 years 1,350 410 935
100 years and over 235 50 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 10.7 11.3 10.1
15 to 64 years 72.3 72.8 71.8
65 years and over 17.0 15.9 18.1
85 years and over 2.4 2.0 2.8
Average age of the population 42.2 41.5 43.0
Median age of the population 39.6 38.8 40.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 305,335 ... ...
Single-detached house 44,750 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,800 ... ...
Row house 10,815 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 54,305 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 95,120 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 94,815 ... ...
Other single-attached house 695 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 20 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 305,335 ... ...
1 person 119,805 ... ...
2 persons 100,730 ... ...
3 persons 38,600 ... ...
4 persons 29,140 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,060 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 650,380 317,905 332,475
Average household size 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 591,675 287,980 303,700
Married or living common-law 298,085 149,430 148,660
Married 230,735 114,860 115,875
Living common-law 67,350 34,570 32,780
Living common law - Never married 57,990 29,630 28,355
Living common law - Separated 1,120 650 465
Living common law - Divorced 7,740 4,060 3,675
Living common law - Widowed 500 225 280
Not married and not living common-law 293,585 138,550 155,040
Not married and not living common law - Never married 218,140 113,810 104,325
Not married and not living common law - Separated 13,790 5,870 7,920
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 37,675 14,270 23,400
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 23,985 4,595 19,390
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 168,660 ... ...
2 persons 96,975 ... ...
3 persons 35,905 ... ...
4 persons 28,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,615 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 168,660 ... ...
Total couple families 142,595 ... ...
Married couples 108,925 ... ...
With children6 58,130 ... ...
Without children 50,790 ... ...
Common-law couples 33,675 ... ...
With children6 5,370 ... ...
Without children 28,305 ... ...
Total one-parent families 26,060 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 21,285 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 4,780 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 650,380 317,905 332,470
Total - Persons in census families 454,055 224,315 229,740
Married spouses or common-law partners 285,190 143,975 141,215
Parents in one-parent families 26,065 4,780 21,280
Children6 142,800 75,560 67,245
In a two-parent family 106,565 56,110 50,460
In a one-parent family 36,235 19,450 16,780
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 196,325 93,590 102,735
Living alone 119,805 56,365 63,440
Living with other relatives7 19,650 7,505 12,145
Living with non-relatives only 56,870 29,725 27,150
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 305,335 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 142,375 ... ...
Couple-family households 122,210 ... ...
With children6 53,125 ... ...
Without children 69,085 ... ...
One-parent-family households 20,160 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 8,260 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 2,030 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 9,045 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 23,825 ... ...
One-person households 119,805 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 580,010 281,450 298,560
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 563,730 273,475 290,250
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 45,600 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 564,040 273,650 290,390
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000 40,800 36,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 508,185 247,130 261,055
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 44,800 34,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 415,915 207,825 208,085
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200 46,400 36,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 454,870 209,135 245,735
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,200 7,900 8,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 49,505 22,375 27,125
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,480 5,520
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 170,155 82,630 87,525
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,500 9,000 9,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 580,010 281,355 298,655
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 563,600 273,300 290,295
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,250 71,700 53,350
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 563,910 273,480 290,425
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,080 56,050 44,520
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 508,140 246,985 261,155
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,150 71,200 49,720
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 415,915 208,040 207,875
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 58,700 68,400 48,960
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 454,215 208,415 245,800
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,940 9,620 10,220
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 49,585 22,205 27,380
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,410 5,835 6,880
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 169,180 82,150 87,035
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,610 9,600 9,620
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 580,010 281,355 298,660
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 192,635 104,825 87,805
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 69,500 74,500 64,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 90,200 101,400 76,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 173,660 79,770 93,895
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,200 21,800 19,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,400 37,080 30,280
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 87.2 89.8 83.8
Employment income (%)19 69.6 72.6 65.6
Government transfers (%)20 12.9 10.2 16.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.7 1.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.6 4.7 6.6
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.6 4.0 5.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 580,010 281,455 298,560
Without total income 16,285 7,975 8,305
With total income 563,730 273,475 290,255
Under $10,000 (including loss) 55,370 25,295 30,075
$10,000 to $19,999 61,180 28,340 32,835
$20,000 to $29,999 86,405 38,360 48,045
$30,000 to $39,999 67,875 30,530 37,345
$40,000 to $49,999 55,555 25,140 30,420
$50,000 to $59,999 46,055 20,965 25,095
$60,000 to $69,999 37,150 18,060 19,085
$70,000 to $79,999 30,195 15,230 14,965
$80,000 to $89,999 24,045 12,365 11,675
$90,000 to $99,999 19,545 10,140 9,405
$100,000 and over 80,345 49,040 31,310
$100,000 to $149,999 46,155 26,435 19,725
$150,000 and over 34,195 22,605 11,585
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 580,010 281,455 298,560
Without after-tax income 15,975 7,800 8,170
With after-tax income 564,035 273,650 290,385
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,995 26,550 31,445
$10,000 to $19,999 63,245 29,355 33,890
$20,000 to $29,999 97,585 43,580 54,000
$30,000 to $39,999 77,280 35,020 42,265
$40,000 to $49,999 63,640 28,995 34,650
$50,000 to $59,999 50,160 23,985 26,170
$60,000 to $69,999 38,210 19,210 18,995
$70,000 to $79,999 29,320 15,255 14,070
$80,000 to $89,999 21,470 11,310 10,165
$90,000 to $99,999 14,965 8,400 6,570
$100,000 and over 50,165 32,000 18,165
$100,000 to $124,999 21,515 13,030 8,490
$125,000 and over 28,645 18,970 9,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 580,010 281,455 298,560
Without employment income 164,095 73,625 90,470
With employment income 415,915 207,825 208,090
Under $5,000 (including loss) 51,110 23,615 27,495
$5,000 to $9,999 33,650 15,005 18,650
$10,000 to $19,999 48,115 21,800 26,315
$20,000 to $29,999 36,415 16,885 19,535
$30,000 to $39,999 34,295 16,015 18,285
$40,000 to $49,999 34,220 16,115 18,105
$50,000 to $59,999 32,385 15,285 17,100
$60,000 to $69,999 27,390 13,915 13,475
$70,000 to $79,999 22,615 11,835 10,775
$80,000 to $89,999 19,180 10,170 9,010
$90,000 to $99,999 15,870 8,395 7,475
$100,000 and over 60,670 38,800 21,870
$100,000 to $124,999 23,930 13,870 10,065
$125,000 and over 36,740 24,935 11,810
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 580,010 281,450 298,560
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 545,310 263,635 281,675
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 43,600 35,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 546,235 263,895 282,350
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 38,400 32,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 499,605 242,560 257,045
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 45,200 35,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 418,280 207,555 210,730
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,400 45,600 36,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 356,615 156,025 200,590
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,680 1,140 2,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 25,265 10,865 14,400
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640 4,960 6,320
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 580,010 281,355 298,655
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 544,950 263,290 281,655
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 59,550 69,400 50,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 545,825 263,560 282,260
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,800 54,250 41,760
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 499,235 242,210 257,020
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,450 71,500 50,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 418,215 207,730 210,490
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 56,800 66,600 47,160
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 356,225 155,625 200,600
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,420 6,050 6,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,615 10,960 14,660
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,390 6,135 8,320
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 580,010 281,355 298,660
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 189,135 102,835 86,300
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,200 68,500 58,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 82,600 93,600 69,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 162,990 74,715 88,275
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,800 29,200 25,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 39,840 45,040 35,480
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 93.0 94.8 90.6
Employment income (%) 73.2 75.8 70.0
Government transfers (%) 7.0 5.2 9.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.6 0.4 0.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 305,335 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 72,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 119,805 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 185,530 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 305,335 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 114,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 92,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 119,745 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 63,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 185,595 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 148,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 305,335 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,990 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,025 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,210 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,595 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,570 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,515 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,620 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,450 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,315 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,760 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,740 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,775 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,225 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,485 ... ...
$100,000 and over 122,810 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,225 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 23,270 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 29,850 ... ...
$200,000 and over 38,465 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 305,335 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,305 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,055 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,095 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,495 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,065 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,130 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,385 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,390 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,430 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 22,815 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,975 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,315 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,955 ... ...
$100,000 and over 101,285 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,545 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 47,500 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 167,155 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 113,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 72,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 106,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 63,570 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 144,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 125,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,830 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 176,675 86,085 90,590
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 40,800 40,800 40,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 37,200 37,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 167,290 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 120,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 72,225 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 140,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 63,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 189,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 149,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,690 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 91,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 176,080 85,775 90,300
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 55,850 58,500 53,350
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 46,080 47,640 44,600
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 650,380 317,910 332,475
0 to 17 years 85,590 44,450 41,145
0 to 5 years 28,350 14,510 13,840
18 to 64 years 457,950 224,570 233,380
65 years and over 106,840 48,890 57,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 86,125 41,205 44,920
0 to 17 years 11,150 5,880 5,270
0 to 5 years 3,325 1,745 1,580
18 to 64 years 55,890 27,030 28,860
65 years and over 19,085 8,295 10,790
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.2 13.0 13.5
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 13.2 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 11.7 12.0 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 12.0 12.4
65 years and over (%) 17.9 17.0 18.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 650,380 317,905 332,470
0 to 17 years 85,590 44,450 41,145
0 to 5 years 28,345 14,510 13,835
18 to 64 years 457,945 224,570 233,380
65 years and over 106,845 48,895 57,950
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 65,275 32,655 32,620
0 to 17 years 7,110 3,740 3,370
0 to 5 years 1,960 1,040 925
18 to 64 years 49,925 25,145 24,780
65 years and over 8,240 3,775 4,465
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 10.3 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.4 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9 7.2 6.7
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.2 10.6
65 years and over (%) 7.7 7.7 7.7
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 650,385 317,910 332,475
In bottom half of the distribution 303,380 145,145 158,235
In bottom decile 88,275 43,010 45,265
In second decile 59,770 28,155 31,615
In third decile 53,530 25,395 28,135
In fourth decile 50,535 24,140 26,400
In fifth decile 51,270 24,445 26,820
In top half of the distribution 347,000 172,760 174,240
In sixth decile 53,315 25,725 27,590
In seventh decile 55,165 26,850 28,315
In eighth decile 61,520 30,295 31,225
In ninth decile 70,990 35,610 35,385
In top decile 106,000 54,280 51,725
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 650,380 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.413 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.504 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.361 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 5.0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 654,825 320,740 334,090
English only 555,235 277,365 277,870
French only 345 165 180
English and French 61,055 27,905 33,150
Neither English nor French 38,195 15,310 22,885
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 654,825 320,740 334,090
English 602,935 298,590 304,340
French 10,485 5,405 5,085
English and French 3,685 1,655 2,030
Neither English nor French 37,725 15,090 22,630
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 654,825 320,740 334,090
Single responses 619,175 303,765 315,405
Official languages 342,060 178,135 163,930
English 332,135 172,950 159,185
French 9,925 5,180 4,745
Non-official languages 277,105 125,635 151,475
Indigenous languages39 295 145 145
Algonquian languages 155 85 75
Blackfoot 10 5 10
Cree-Innu languages 115 60 50
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 115 60 50
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 5 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 30 10 20
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 70 40 30
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 5 5 0
Ojibway languages 20 10 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 5 0 5
Ojibway, n.o.s. 15 10 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 35 20 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 20 15
Dakelh (Carrier) 20 10 5
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 5 5 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 10 5 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 15 5 5
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 5 5 5
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 45 25 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10
Nisga'a 15 10 5
Tsimshian 10 5 5
Wakashan languages 25 5 15
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 5
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 5 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Non-Indigenous languages 276,815 125,485 151,330
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,930 2,745 2,185
Berber languages 30 20 10
Kabyle 15 15 5
Tamazight 10 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 5 0
Hausa 5 5 0
Mina 5 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 240 120 120
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 95 50 45
Somali 145 65 80
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Semitic languages 4,655 2,600 2,050
Amharic 290 150 140
Arabic 2,965 1,710 1,255
Aramaic languages 85 45 45
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 1,105 600 505
Maltese 15 5 5
Tigrigna 190 90 100
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,140 5,385 6,755
Khmer (Cambodian) 230 100 130
Vietnamese 11,870 5,265 6,610
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 24,020 9,625 14,395
Bikol 110 40 70
Bisaya, n.o.s. 225 80 145
Cebuano 655 230 430
Fijian 40 20 15
Hiligaynon 570 210 360
Ilocano 1,840 760 1,080
Indonesian 1,085 490 595
Kankanaey 45 20 25
Kinaray-a 50 15 30
Malagasy languages 5 0 5
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Malay 85 45 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 210 95 120
Pangasinan 105 40 65
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,675 7,450 11,220
Waray-Waray 65 25 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 250 105 145
Creole languages 100 50 55
Haitian Creole 20 10 5
Jamaican English Creole 5 5 0
Krio 5 0 5
Morisyen 35 15 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15
Dravidian languages 3,015 1,730 1,285
Kannada 140 75 65
Malayalam 580 340 235
Tamil 1,615 855 755
Telugu 665 450 215
Tulu 15 5 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Georgian 25 15 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 86,610 42,565 44,040
Albanian 170 90 80
Armenian 315 165 150
Balto-Slavic languages 14,805 6,655 8,150
Baltic languages 250 90 160
Latvian 95 40 60
Lithuanian 150 50 105
Slavic languages 14,555 6,565 7,990
Belarusian 15 5 10
Bulgarian 435 185 250
Czech 1,000 490 510
Macedonian 80 40 45
Polish 2,505 1,125 1,380
Russian 5,155 2,235 2,920
Rusyn 5 0 5
Serbo-Croatian 3,735 1,775 1,965
Bosnian 355 160 190
Croatian 1,120 505 615
Serbian 2,185 1,065 1,120
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 80 40 35
Slovak 615 275 335
Slovene (Slovenian) 135 60 75
Ukrainian 865 360 500
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Celtic languages 100 70 35
Irish 45 35 15
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5
Welsh 40 25 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Germanic languages 7,450 3,660 3,785
Frisian 10 5 5
High German languages 5,050 2,400 2,650
German 4,725 2,245 2,475
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 220 105 115
Yiddish 100 45 55
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,530 825 705
Afrikaans 300 160 140
Dutch 1,150 620 525
Low German, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Low Saxon 10 5 0
Plautdietsch 25 15 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 25 15
Scandinavian languages 845 420 430
Danish 315 170 150
Icelandic 35 15 25
Norwegian 150 75 75
Swedish 350 165 190
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Greek 1,870 945 930
Indo-Iranian languages 33,155 16,695 16,455
Indo-Aryan languages 22,110 11,140 10,970
Assamese 15 5 5
Bengali 1,065 620 445
Gujarati 1,075 555 515
Hindi 4,355 2,265 2,090
Kacchi 185 80 105
Kashmiri 20 10 10
Konkani 50 25 30
Marathi 300 160 140
Nepali 210 115 95
Oriya languages 25 15 10
Odia 20 15 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,305 6,435 6,865
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 35 20 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 255 140 120
Urdu 1,125 640 485
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45
Iranian languages 11,035 5,555 5,480
Baluchi 5 0 0
Kurdish 555 295 260
Parsi 15 10 0
Pashto 140 80 60
Persian languages 10,315 5,160 5,160
Dari 420 205 210
Iranian Persian 8,900 4,440 4,460
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,000 510 485
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 28,740 14,290 14,445
Catalan 90 55 35
Italian 4,000 1,990 2,010
Portuguese 6,740 3,250 3,495
Romanian 1,150 530 620
Spanish 16,735 8,460 8,275
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 7,150 2,305 4,840
Korean 8,605 3,480 5,130
Mongolian 160 70 85
Niger-Congo languages 580 310 270
Akan (Twi) 55 40 15
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 0
Ga 10 5 5
Ganda 25 10 20
Gikuyu 5 0 5
Igbo 25 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 25 20
Lingala 5 5 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 25
Shona 45 25 25
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 5 10
Swahili 140 65 75
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 5 5 0
Yoruba 45 35 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 60 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 30 30
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25
African, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Sign languages 95 45 50
American Sign Language 80 40 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 125,120 55,180 69,940
Chinese languages 124,730 54,985 69,745
Hakka 640 275 365
Mandarin 41,695 17,570 24,125
Min Dong 65 25 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,105 1,315 1,785
Wu (Shanghainese) 850 355 495
Yue (Cantonese) 77,435 35,015 42,415
Chinese, n.o.s. 910 410 505
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 185 185
Burmese 255 130 125
Kuki-Chin languages 35 15 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 905 295 610
Lao 85 45 45
Thai 770 230 540
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Turkic languages 1,755 960 795
Azerbaijani 145 80 65
Kazakh 35 15 20
Turkish 1,500 835 665
Uyghur 30 10 10
Uzbek 10 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20
Uralic languages 1,520 680 840
Estonian 90 40 45
Finnish 395 145 250
Hungarian 1,040 500 540
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Multiple responses 35,655 16,975 18,680
English and French 2,870 1,415 1,455
English and non-official language(s) 28,165 13,545 14,620
French and non-official language(s) 605 290 315
English, French and non-official language(s) 640 285 355
Multiple non-official languages 3,370 1,435 1,935
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 654,825 320,740 334,090
English 363,455 186,725 176,730
French 2,430 1,225 1,200
Non-official language 92,070 40,670 51,400
Indigenous39 45 25 20
Non-Indigenous 92,025 40,645 51,380
English and French 8,325 4,035 4,285
English and non-official language(s) 174,100 81,685 92,415
French and non-official language(s) 245 115 130
English, French and non-official language(s) 4,690 2,210 2,475
Multiple non-official languages 9,525 4,080 5,445
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 654,825 320,740 334,090
Single responses 617,450 303,250 314,195
Official languages 450,825 228,080 222,740
English 446,870 226,125 220,745
French 3,955 1,955 1,995
Non-official languages 166,620 75,170 91,455
Indigenous languages39 60 35 25
Algonquian languages 25 10 10
Blackfoot 5 5 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 15 5 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5
Nisga'a 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 166,565 75,135 91,425
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,190 1,100 1,085
Berber languages 20 5 10
Kabyle 10 10 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 5 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 115 55 55
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 50 25 25
Somali 65 35 35
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 2,055 1,035 1,015
Amharic 85 45 45
Arabic 1,275 655 620
Aramaic languages 60 25 35
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 5 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 10 0 5
Hebrew 510 265 245
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 120 45 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,885 3,540 4,345
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 45 60
Vietnamese 7,755 3,480 4,275
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30 20 10
Austronesian languages 13,285 5,605 7,675
Bikol 35 15 25
Bisaya, n.o.s. 75 25 45
Cebuano 300 110 185
Fijian 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 305 130 175
Ilocano 980 440 545
Indonesian 380 195 185
Kankanaey 30 15 15
Kinaray-a 35 10 20
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 20 10 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 110 50 60
Pangasinan 35 15 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,835 4,520 6,315
Waray-Waray 35 15 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55
Creole languages 40 15 25
Haitian Creole 5 0 5
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 20 10 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Dravidian languages 1,755 955 805
Kannada 35 20 20
Malayalam 310 180 135
Tamil 1,025 515 505
Telugu 370 235 140
Tulu 5 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 41,915 20,215 21,700
Albanian 50 25 25
Armenian 145 75 70
Balto-Slavic languages 6,070 2,820 3,255
Baltic languages 50 20 30
Latvian 10 0 5
Lithuanian 40 15 25
Slavic languages 6,025 2,795 3,230
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 175 75 95
Czech 340 175 170
Macedonian 40 20 20
Polish 720 335 385
Russian 2,570 1,175 1,395
Rusyn 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,640 770 875
Bosnian 140 60 80
Croatian 350 155 195
Serbian 1,135 550 585
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Slovak 235 110 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15
Ukrainian 265 120 140
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 10 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,080 520 555
Frisian 5 0 0
High German languages 760 355 400
German 725 340 385
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 20 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 195 105 95
Afrikaans 60 30 30
Dutch 130 70 60
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 120 55 65
Danish 40 20 20
Icelandic 5 5 0
Norwegian 20 10 10
Swedish 55 25 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 745 335 410
Indo-Iranian languages 19,390 9,400 9,990
Indo-Aryan languages 12,650 6,205 6,445
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 560 300 260
Gujarati 400 195 210
Hindi 2,100 1,050 1,055
Kacchi 50 20 30
Kashmiri 10 10 0
Konkani 5 5 0
Marathi 115 60 55
Nepali 110 55 60
Oriya languages 5 5 5
Odia 5 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,505 4,100 4,400
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 15 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 60
Urdu 620 325 295
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
Iranian languages 6,735 3,195 3,545
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 340 160 180
Parsi 5 0 0
Pashto 90 45 40
Persian languages 6,305 2,980 3,325
Dari 220 95 125
Iranian Persian 5,550 2,625 2,925
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 535 260 275
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 14,425 7,035 7,385
Catalan 35 20 15
Italian 1,400 600 800
Portuguese 3,995 1,905 2,090
Romanian 385 180 200
Spanish 8,600 4,330 4,270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 3,620 1,465 2,150
Korean 5,100 2,200 2,905
Mongolian 75 40 40
Niger-Congo languages 125 55 65
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 40 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
African, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Sign languages 165 85 80
American Sign Language 125 65 60
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 88,935 39,190 49,745
Chinese languages 88,715 39,085 49,630
Hakka 210 95 115
Mandarin 30,925 13,425 17,500
Min Dong 40 15 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,525 660 865
Wu (Shanghainese) 485 225 255
Yue (Cantonese) 54,920 24,400 30,515
Chinese, n.o.s. 610 260 345
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 210 100 110
Burmese 150 75 75
Kuki-Chin languages 20 5 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 330 120 205
Lao 20 10 15
Thai 280 105 175
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Turkic languages 765 385 380
Azerbaijani 70 30 40
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 685 350 335
Uyghur 10 5 5
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 320 135 185
Estonian 10 5 5
Finnish 95 40 60
Hungarian 220 95 125
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Multiple responses 37,380 17,490 19,895
English and French 1,595 795 795
English and non-official language(s) 34,170 15,985 18,185
French and non-official language(s) 105 50 55
English, French and non-official language(s) 315 160 155
Multiple non-official languages 1,205 505 700
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 654,830 320,740 334,085
None 488,985 243,150 245,835
English 57,925 27,110 30,815
French 6,335 3,050 3,285
Non-official language 80,100 37,360 42,740
Indigenous39 245 105 140
Non-Indigenous 79,850 37,250 42,600
English and French 515 240 275
English and non-official language(s) 9,025 4,175 4,850
French and non-official language(s) 2,720 1,270 1,450
English, French and non-official language(s) 150 65 85
Multiple non-official languages 9,075 4,325 4,755
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 650,385 317,885 332,495
Official languages 612,560 302,865 309,695
English 612,215 302,725 309,485
French 60,990 27,755 33,235
Non-official languages 355,425 163,885 191,540
Indigenous languages39 595 240 360
Algonquian languages 235 85 150
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 155 55 100
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 155 55 100
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 15 0 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 65 40 30
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 60 10 50
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 55 25 35
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15 0 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 35 15 15
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 90 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 20 65
Dakelh (Carrier) 35 0 35
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 15 0 10
Tlingit 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 25 0 20
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 25 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 15
Salish languages 60 30 30
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 10 0 10
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 15 15 0
Squamish 10 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 20 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 0 10
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 55 35 20
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 30 15 15
Tsimshian 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 55 15 45
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 20 10 15
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 20 0 15
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Non-Indigenous languages 354,885 163,680 191,205
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,650 4,705 3,940
Berber languages 40 25 15
Kabyle 35 25 10
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 35 25 10
Hausa 25 20 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 385 205 180
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 145 75 70
Somali 240 130 110
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 8,300 4,525 3,775
Amharic 470 250 220
Arabic 4,900 2,855 2,045
Aramaic languages 70 45 30
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 20 25
Aramaic, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 2,815 1,360 1,455
Maltese 20 20 0
Tigrigna 305 140 170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,195 6,795 8,395
Khmer (Cambodian) 325 155 180
Vietnamese 14,905 6,665 8,240
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 33,950 13,630 20,320
Bikol 170 80 90
Bisaya, n.o.s. 245 80 160
Cebuano 1,060 435 630
Fijian 160 60 100
Hiligaynon 885 320 560
Ilocano 3,295 1,355 1,935
Indonesian 1,805 880 925
Kankanaey 75 30 45
Kinaray-a 70 25 45
Malagasy languages 15 10 10
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Malay 815 420 395
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 300 135 165
Pangasinan 230 80 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,430 11,955 18,480
Waray-Waray 160 45 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 680 280 400
Creole languages 320 185 130
Haitian Creole 65 40 30
Jamaican English Creole 15 0 15
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 50 35 15
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 100 60 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 45 35
Dravidian languages 4,730 2,670 2,055
Kannada 330 195 140
Malayalam 965 565 400
Tamil 2,670 1,430 1,240
Telugu 1,110 690 415
Tulu 50 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Georgian 40 30 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 129,460 63,750 65,710
Albanian 225 120 110
Armenian 355 170 185
Balto-Slavic languages 18,335 8,490 9,850
Baltic languages 295 110 190
Latvian 130 45 85
Lithuanian 165 65 105
Slavic languages 18,105 8,425 9,685
Belarusian 55 20 35
Bulgarian 510 245 265
Czech 1,435 725 710
Macedonian 105 60 50
Polish 3,085 1,445 1,640
Russian 7,620 3,365 4,255
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,660 2,245 2,415
Bosnian 875 385 490
Croatian 2,010 935 1,070
Serbian 2,975 1,470 1,505
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 140 65 70
Slovak 825 400 430
Slovene (Slovenian) 205 105 95
Ukrainian 1,945 860 1,085
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Celtic languages 1,255 685 565
Irish 1,035 565 470
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 15
Welsh 130 75 60
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15
Germanic languages 15,535 7,665 7,865
Frisian 25 10 15
High German languages 11,430 5,660 5,770
German 11,050 5,480 5,565
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 330 145 185
Yiddish 240 115 125
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,895 1,560 1,335
Afrikaans 1,015 565 445
Dutch 1,860 965 900
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 30 20 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 40 30
Scandinavian languages 1,805 785 1,020
Danish 565 280 285
Icelandic 40 20 20
Norwegian 405 145 260
Swedish 910 395 510
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 35 0
Greek 3,055 1,555 1,500
Indo-Iranian languages 45,935 23,365 22,570
Indo-Aryan languages 33,070 16,905 16,165
Assamese 15 10 10
Bengali 1,675 950 725
Gujarati 1,840 895 935
Hindi 15,025 7,830 7,190
Kacchi 405 165 245
Kashmiri 20 15 0
Konkani 150 95 55
Marathi 665 385 280
Nepali 325 185 140
Oriya languages 50 30 20
Odia 30 20 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,130 9,570 9,555
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 75 30 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 610 275 340
Urdu 2,515 1,460 1,055
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 250 115 140
Iranian languages 13,100 6,615 6,485
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 800 425 370
Parsi 50 25 20
Pashto 230 160 70
Persian languages 12,330 6,185 6,145
Dari 575 255 320
Iranian Persian 10,805 5,425 5,370
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,050 540 505
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Italic (Romance) languages 50,560 24,575 25,980
Catalan 280 140 140
Italian 7,740 3,710 4,030
Portuguese 8,715 4,260 4,460
Romanian 1,475 690 780
Spanish 36,500 17,885 18,615
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45
Japanese 12,075 4,980 7,100
Korean 10,480 4,270 6,210
Mongolian 210 95 120
Niger-Congo languages 1,395 750 645
Akan (Twi) 90 50 35
Bamanankan 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 40 10 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 15 10 0
Ganda 75 40 35
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 70 35 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 40 30
Lingala 25 10 10
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 20 10 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 35
Shona 90 40 50
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 10 0
Swahili 610 350 265
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 30 15 15
Yoruba 150 80 65
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 220 150 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 55 50
Dinka 15 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30
African, n.o.s. 35 25 10
Sign languages 775 320 455
American Sign Language 700 280 415
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 148,095 66,600 81,490
Chinese languages 147,655 66,365 81,285
Hakka 970 495 470
Mandarin 74,695 32,335 42,355
Min Dong 65 25 45
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,810 2,440 3,370
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,270 520 745
Yue (Cantonese) 96,965 44,045 52,915
Chinese, n.o.s. 740 325 415
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 35 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 530 285 245
Burmese 365 200 170
Kuki-Chin languages 60 20 40
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 85 45 45
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 35 20
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 1,545 610 930
Lao 150 65 85
Thai 1,380 535 850
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Turkic languages 2,785 1,385 1,395
Azerbaijani 370 185 190
Kazakh 65 10 55
Turkish 2,500 1,270 1,230
Uyghur 15 0 10
Uzbek 40 20 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20
Uralic languages 1,805 835 970
Estonian 140 60 85
Finnish 385 175 215
Hungarian 1,285 610 675
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 45 35
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 650,380 317,885 332,495
Indigenous identity45 14,660 7,175 7,485
Single Indigenous responses46 13,940 6,845 7,090
First Nations (North American Indian) 9,335 4,590 4,745
Métis 4,465 2,195 2,265
Inuk (Inuit) 140 60 80
Multiple Indigenous responses47 380 185 190
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 335 135 200
Non-Indigenous identity 635,720 310,715 325,010
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 650,380 317,885 332,495
Registered or Treaty Indian49 7,005 3,485 3,520
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 643,375 314,395 328,975
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 305,335 ... ...
Owner 138,845 ... ...
Renter 166,490 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 305,335 ... ...
Condominium 112,105 ... ...
Not condominium 193,235 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 305,335 ... ...
No bedrooms 13,860 ... ...
1 bedroom 111,060 ... ...
2 bedrooms 84,935 ... ...
3 bedrooms 42,445 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 53,045 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 305,335 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 187,470 ... ...
5 rooms 37,350 ... ...
6 rooms 22,780 ... ...
7 rooms 16,460 ... ...
8 or more rooms 41,275 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 305,335 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 295,970 ... ...
More than one person per room 9,370 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 305,335 ... ...
Suitable 281,445 ... ...
Not suitable 23,890 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 305,335 ... ...
1960 or before 62,225 ... ...
1961 to 1980 69,110 ... ...
1981 to 1990 35,990 ... ...
1991 to 2000 47,170 ... ...
2001 to 2005 19,415 ... ...
2006 to 2010 22,755 ... ...
2011 to 2015 20,935 ... ...
2016 to 202157 27,740 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 305,335 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 286,035 ... ...
Major repairs needed 19,300 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 305,335 ... ...
One-maintainer household 171,540 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 115,355 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 18,440 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 305,335 ... ...
15 to 24 years 11,910 ... ...
25 to 34 years 65,870 ... ...
35 to 44 years 56,605 ... ...
45 to 54 years 51,270 ... ...
55 to 64 years 50,645 ... ...
65 to 74 years 40,465 ... ...
75 to 84 years 19,715 ... ...
85 years and over 8,870 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 303,725 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 202,070 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 101,655 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 82,575 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 305,335 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 131,005 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 89,520 ... ...
Not suitable only 16,295 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 11,715 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 5,895 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 5,880 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,345 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 360 ... ...
Acceptable housing 174,335 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 284,650 ... ...
In core need 54,210 ... ...
Not in core need 230,435 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 138,850 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 50.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 26.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 11.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,460 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,084 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 1,450,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 1,728,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 166,485 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 12.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 39.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 25.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,570 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,660 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 650,380 317,890 332,495
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 5,460 2,585 2,875
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 5,375 2,545 2,830
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 4,710 2,230 2,480
Métis single ancestry 615 290 325
Inuit single ancestry 50 25 25
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 85 40 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 85 40 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 11,270 5,590 5,680
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 10,880 5,420 5,460
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 7,925 4,000 3,925
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,865 1,380 1,485
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 90 40 45
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 390 170 220
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 375 170 205
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 633,655 309,710 323,940
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 650,380 317,885 332,495
Canadian citizens77 537,810 263,400 274,410
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,320 40,810 37,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 459,495 222,595 236,900
Not Canadian citizens78 112,570 54,480 58,085
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 650,380 317,885 332,495
Non-immigrants80 333,190 170,600 162,590
Immigrants81 274,360 125,745 148,620
Before 1980 45,435 21,455 23,980
1980 to 1990 39,525 18,025 21,500
1991 to 2000 65,920 29,290 36,630
2001 to 2010 54,215 24,230 29,980
2011 to 202182 69,270 32,745 36,525
2011 to 2015 27,910 12,800 15,110
2016 to 2021 41,355 19,945 21,415
Non-permanent residents83 42,830 21,545 21,290
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 274,365 125,745 148,620
Under 5 years 19,460 9,635 9,825
5 to 14 years 40,820 21,020 19,800
15 to 24 years 49,865 22,770 27,095
25 to 44 years 132,610 58,645 73,960
45 years and over 31,610 13,675 17,935
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 274,365 125,745 148,620
Americas 24,375 12,125 12,250
Brazil 2,530 1,220 1,305
Colombia 1,040 505 535
El Salvador 1,030 540 495
Guyana 215 80 135
Haiti 75 40 35
Jamaica 455 240 210
Mexico 3,870 1,920 1,950
Peru 890 440 450
Trinidad and Tobago 510 235 280
United States of America 9,790 4,990 4,800
Other places of birth in Americas 3,965 1,915 2,050
Europe 43,955 22,155 21,795
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,145 535 610
Croatia 835 390 445
France 2,220 1,205 1,015
Germany 2,800 1,260 1,540
Greece 1,070 555 510
Hungary 725 330 390
Italy 2,805 1,335 1,475
Netherlands 770 475 295
Poland 1,995 940 1,060
Portugal 1,290 630 655
Romania 1,250 555 690
Russian Federation 2,395 975 1,415
Serbia86 1,250 585 665
Ukraine 1,785 805 985
United Kingdom87 12,895 7,000 5,895
Other places of birth in Europe 8,725 4,575 4,145
Africa 7,195 3,855 3,340
Algeria 145 90 55
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 75 40 35
Egypt 550 355 190
Eritrea 205 105 105
Ethiopia 430 210 220
Morocco 320 165 160
Nigeria 240 125 115
Somalia 100 65 40
South Africa, Republic of 2,290 1,230 1,055
Other places of birth in Africa 2,835 1,460 1,370
Asia 193,325 84,765 108,555
Afghanistan 395 205 190
Iran88 8,780 4,465 4,310
Iraq 595 325 265
Lebanon 485 315 170
Syria89 740 340 395
Turkey 960 515 445
China90 63,270 26,815 36,455
Hong Kong91 25,485 11,565 13,920
Korea, South92 6,495 2,625 3,870
Taiwan 9,865 4,200 5,670
Philippines 29,925 12,055 17,875
Viet Nam 12,115 5,505 6,605
Bangladesh 800 405 390
India 14,640 7,435 7,210
Pakistan 1,085 620 465
Sri Lanka 1,605 790 815
Other places of birth in Asia 16,080 6,580 9,500
Oceania and other places of birth93 5,520 2,845 2,680
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 41,360 19,945 21,415
Americas 6,735 3,340 3,395
Brazil 1,820 885 935
Colombia 290 150 135
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 15 10
Mexico 1,215 600 615
United States of America 2,295 1,175 1,125
Venezuela95 220 85 135
Other places of birth in Americas 865 425 440
Europe 9,075 4,955 4,115
France 920 505 410
Germany 455 225 235
Ireland96 1,690 1,035 655
Italy 320 190 130
Russian Federation 645 250 400
Ukraine 495 200 295
United Kingdom87 2,415 1,430 985
Other places of birth in Europe 2,135 1,125 1,010
Africa 1,165 680 485
Algeria 40 25 10
Burundi 20 0 15
Cameroon 15 15 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 15 10 10
Egypt 110 90 20
Eritrea 35 35 0
Ethiopia 55 25 25
Morocco 85 40 45
Nigeria 115 70 45
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 350 190 160
Sudan97 35 15 20
Tunisia 25 15 10
Other places of birth in Africa 240 125 115
Asia 23,045 10,150 12,900
Afghanistan 105 60 45
Bangladesh 155 85 75
China90 5,930 2,305 3,625
Hong Kong91 615 210 400
India 3,680 2,100 1,585
Iran88 1,220 590 630
Iraq 125 90 30
Israel 245 140 100
Japan 815 215 600
Jordan 45 25 20
Korea, South92 1,250 430 820
Lebanon 80 50 30
Nepal 65 30 30
Pakistan 255 175 85
Philippines 4,445 1,915 2,530
Saudi Arabia 140 95 45
Sri Lanka 250 110 140
Syria89 565 255 315
Turkey 375 215 155
United Arab Emirates 105 35 75
Viet Nam 995 365 635
Other places of birth in Asia 1,590 660 925
Oceania and other93 1,340 820 525
Australia 1,010 635 380
Other places of birth98 330 185 145
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 650,380 317,885 332,495
First generation100 327,870 152,655 175,215
Second generation101 160,910 82,380 78,535
Third generation or more102 161,595 82,860 78,745
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 228,925 104,290 124,635
Economic immigrants104 140,320 66,200 74,120
Principal applicants105 62,775 33,325 29,450
Secondary applicants106 77,545 32,870 44,675
Immigrants sponsored by family107 66,960 26,690 40,270
Refugees108 17,530 9,610 7,920
Other immigrants109 4,120 1,795 2,325
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 228,925 104,290 124,635
Asylum claim before admission111 5,935 3,425 2,510
Work permits only before admission112 33,310 13,840 19,465
Study permits only before admission113 8,645 4,085 4,555
Work and study permits before admission114 17,150 7,665 9,480
Other permits before admission115 750 285 465
No pre-admission experience116 163,140 74,990 88,150
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 650,380 317,885 332,495
Total visible minority population118 354,615 166,315 188,305
South Asian 44,850 23,295 21,555
Chinese 168,385 77,690 90,695
Black 8,515 4,620 3,895
Filipino 38,605 16,560 22,045
Arab 3,785 2,215 1,570
Latin American 18,080 9,155 8,925
Southeast Asian 20,585 9,480 11,110
West Asian 12,100 6,070 6,030
Korean 10,895 4,600 6,295
Japanese 10,990 4,280 6,710
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 3,240 1,510 1,725
Multiple visible minorities 14,585 6,835 7,755
Not a visible minority120 295,770 151,575 144,195
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 650,385 317,885 332,500
Canadian 33,685 17,880 15,810
English 84,370 42,975 41,395
Irish 65,695 32,670 33,020
Scottish 69,200 34,335 34,865
French, n.o.s.122 30,625 15,415 15,210
German 45,215 22,315 22,900
Chinese 159,080 73,335 85,745
Italian 21,155 10,465 10,690
Indian (India) 27,765 14,435 13,325
Ukrainian 20,000 9,725 10,275
Dutch 13,330 6,960 6,370
Polish 15,900 7,525 8,370
Québécois 925 465 460
British Isles, n.o.s.123 21,545 11,120 10,420
Filipino 38,885 16,625 22,260
French Canadian 4,070 2,015 2,055
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 11,105 5,870 5,235
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 5,665 2,835 2,830
Métis 3,945 1,875 2,070
European, n.o.s.126 11,990 6,180 5,810
Russian 14,135 6,570 7,565
Norwegian 10,125 4,995 5,125
Welsh 9,255 4,290 4,975
Portuguese 6,535 3,185 3,355
American 7,565 3,805 3,760
Spanish 11,605 5,515 6,095
Swedish 8,270 3,935 4,335
Hungarian 5,615 2,760 2,850
Acadian 835 420 415
Pakistani 1,825 1,055 770
African, n.o.s.127 2,660 1,375 1,280
Jewish 11,555 5,895 5,660
Punjabi 6,100 3,220 2,880
Vietnamese 17,450 8,085 9,365
Arab, n.o.s.128 1,800 1,065 735
Greek 5,475 2,880 2,595
Jamaican 1,375 710 660
Asian, n.o.s.129 11,330 5,315 6,015
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,705 835 870
Korean 11,470 4,895 6,575
Romanian 3,370 1,655 1,715
Lebanese 1,780 955 825
Iranian 9,440 4,755 4,685
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,695 825 870
Danish 4,890 2,480 2,415
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,715 815 900
Sikh 3,225 1,640 1,590
Austrian 4,710 2,215 2,490
Belgian 2,160 1,055 1,110
Haitian 190 100 95
Hindu 2,685 1,475 1,210
Mexican 7,855 4,055 3,795
Mennonite 1,860 930 930
Swiss 2,790 1,365 1,425
Finnish 2,775 1,375 1,405
Sri Lankan 1,865 945 930
Croatian 3,580 1,815 1,765
Japanese 13,320 5,380 7,940
South Asian, n.o.s.133 2,460 1,165 1,290
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 430 205 230
Northern European, n.o.s.135 2,840 1,365 1,475
Muslim 885 490 395
Egyptian 1,125 650 475
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 2,830 1,415 1,415
Tamil 1,040 575 465
Icelandic 2,525 1,225 1,305
Colombian 1,735 895 840
Moroccan 545 280 265
Czech 2,820 1,370 1,445
Syrian 770 380 385
Guyanese 460 240 220
Afghan 655 335 320
Black, n.o.s.137 695 435 260
Serbian 2,930 1,475 1,455
Ojibway 440 225 215
Newfoundlander 355 190 165
Hong Konger 8,560 4,040 4,515
Ontarian 360 170 190
Persian 3,510 1,785 1,725
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 770 365 400
Turkish 2,350 1,210 1,140
Inuit, n.o.s.138 145 55 85
Bangladeshi 935 500 425
Algerian 250 140 105
Brazilian 3,785 1,830 1,955
Nigerian 430 215 215
Armenian 760 375 385
Slovak 1,710 790 920
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 2,065 895 1,175
Somali 300 170