Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Edmonton, City (CY)More information:
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 1,010,899 ... ...
Population, 20161 933,088r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 8.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 428,857 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 396,404 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,320.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 765.61 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 1,010,900 503,035 507,860
0 to 14 years 184,115 94,365 89,750
0 to 4 years 61,410 31,570 29,840
5 to 9 years 62,955 32,095 30,860
10 to 14 years 59,745 30,695 29,050
15 to 64 years 688,325 345,640 342,690
15 to 19 years 54,355 27,980 26,375
20 to 24 years 67,195 34,240 32,950
25 to 29 years 77,830 38,920 38,910
30 to 34 years 87,660 43,820 43,835
35 to 39 years 85,980 43,125 42,850
40 to 44 years 73,985 37,440 36,545
45 to 49 years 63,865 31,980 31,890
50 to 54 years 59,200 29,750 29,445
55 to 59 years 60,185 29,850 30,340
60 to 64 years 58,080 28,535 29,540
65 years and over 138,460 63,035 75,420
65 to 69 years 47,520 23,050 24,470
70 to 74 years 34,995 16,595 18,395
75 to 79 years 22,215 9,900 12,310
80 to 84 years 15,870 6,835 9,035
85 years and over 17,865 6,650 11,210
85 to 89 years 10,790 4,310 6,480
90 to 94 years 5,350 1,920 3,430
95 to 99 years 1,500 370 1,130
100 years and over 220 50 170
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.2 18.8 17.7
15 to 64 years 68.1 68.7 67.5
65 years and over 13.7 12.5 14.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.2
Average age of the population 38.4 37.6 39.1
Median age of the population 36.8 36.4 37.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 396,400 ... ...
Single-detached house 196,535 ... ...
Semi-detached house 28,150 ... ...
Row house 38,860 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,145 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 91,250 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 29,405 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 396,405 ... ...
1 person 115,525 ... ...
2 persons 123,340 ... ...
3 persons 61,175 ... ...
4 persons 56,830 ... ...
5 or more persons 39,530 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 996,495 496,040 500,455
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 826,785 408,675 418,110
Married or living common-law 453,440 227,160 226,280
Married 378,080 189,325 188,755
Living common-law 75,360 37,840 37,520
Living common law - Never married 58,580 29,495 29,080
Living common law - Separated 2,660 1,395 1,265
Living common law - Divorced 12,995 6,505 6,490
Living common law - Widowed 1,125 440 685
Not married and not living common-law 373,345 181,510 191,830
Not married and not living common law - Never married 263,065 144,100 118,965
Not married and not living common law - Separated 20,940 8,875 12,060
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 53,255 20,835 32,420
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 36,085 7,700 28,385
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 266,155 ... ...
2 persons 125,210 ... ...
3 persons 58,490 ... ...
4 persons 56,055 ... ...
5 or more persons 26,400 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 266,155 ... ...
Total couple families 219,615 ... ...
Married couples 181,950 ... ...
With children6 110,120 ... ...
Without children 71,830 ... ...
Common-law couples 37,660 ... ...
With children6 12,150 ... ...
Without children 25,510 ... ...
Total one-parent families 46,545 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 36,495 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 10,050 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 996,495 496,040 500,455
Total - Persons in census families 793,405 392,485 400,915
Married spouses or common-law partners 439,225 219,625 219,600
Parents in one-parent families 46,545 10,050 36,495
Children6 307,635 162,810 144,820
In a two-parent family 233,400 122,795 110,605
In a one-parent family 74,235 40,020 34,215
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 203,090 103,555 99,540
Living alone 115,525 56,185 59,345
Living with other relatives7 33,295 15,140 18,150
Living with non-relatives only 54,270 32,230 22,040
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 396,405 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 223,495 ... ...
Couple-family households 188,930 ... ...
With children6 105,140 ... ...
Without children 83,790 ... ...
One-parent-family households 34,560 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 13,310 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 2,730 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 16,320 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 25,020 ... ...
One-person households 115,530 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 812,615 401,820 410,795
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 772,550 382,025 390,525
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,000 50,000 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 772,830 382,175 390,650
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 44,000 36,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 686,060 346,340 339,720
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000 47,600 32,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 579,425 299,065 280,360
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,400 49,600 35,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 689,945 336,085 353,860
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500 6,500 10,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 100,730 51,455 49,275
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,760 5,760 5,840
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 259,615 127,600 132,015
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500 8,000 9,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 812,605 401,755 410,850
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 772,300 382,065 390,240
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,800 65,400 48,320
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 772,575 382,205 390,370
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,640 53,600 41,840
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 685,935 346,745 339,185
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,150 62,900 43,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 579,410 299,615 279,790
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,900 61,350 43,840
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 690,130 336,725 353,400
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,700 9,490 11,860
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 100,450 51,410 49,045
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,040 6,710 7,390
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 258,250 126,935 131,320
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,290 9,160 9,420
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 812,605 401,755 410,850
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 265,985 148,275 117,710
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 68,500 74,500 62,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 79,400 87,600 69,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 240,385 114,635 125,745
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,800 25,800 18,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,680 38,840 27,040
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.2 87.2 77.8
Employment income (%)19 69.8 73.6 65.0
Government transfers (%)20 16.8 12.8 22.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.6 1.4 1.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.1 5.0 7.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.5 4.7 6.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 812,610 401,820 410,790
Without total income 40,065 19,795 20,265
With total income 772,550 382,025 390,525
Under $10,000 (including loss) 61,525 26,535 34,995
$10,000 to $19,999 72,240 30,890 41,350
$20,000 to $29,999 122,060 54,400 67,665
$30,000 to $39,999 96,785 41,675 55,110
$40,000 to $49,999 82,910 37,595 45,320
$50,000 to $59,999 70,470 33,585 36,885
$60,000 to $69,999 59,660 29,970 29,690
$70,000 to $79,999 46,895 26,095 20,800
$80,000 to $89,999 36,160 20,900 15,260
$90,000 to $99,999 29,970 17,545 12,425
$100,000 and over 93,865 62,835 31,025
$100,000 to $149,999 64,375 41,115 23,260
$150,000 and over 29,485 21,720 7,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 812,610 401,820 410,790
Without after-tax income 39,785 19,645 20,140
With after-tax income 772,825 382,175 390,655
Under $10,000 (including loss) 63,535 27,315 36,215
$10,000 to $19,999 75,385 32,375 43,010
$20,000 to $29,999 138,165 61,580 76,585
$30,000 to $39,999 113,515 50,570 62,950
$40,000 to $49,999 97,930 46,180 51,750
$50,000 to $59,999 80,470 40,350 40,120
$60,000 to $69,999 59,685 32,865 26,820
$70,000 to $79,999 43,145 24,955 18,190
$80,000 to $89,999 31,835 18,695 13,135
$90,000 to $99,999 20,565 12,870 7,695
$100,000 and over 48,600 34,410 14,185
$100,000 to $124,999 24,550 16,735 7,820
$125,000 and over 24,050 17,680 6,370
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 812,610 401,820 410,790
Without employment income 233,190 102,755 130,435
With employment income 579,420 299,060 280,355
Under $5,000 (including loss) 66,745 30,855 35,885
$5,000 to $9,999 45,250 19,655 25,595
$10,000 to $19,999 65,525 29,070 36,455
$20,000 to $29,999 51,220 23,445 27,780
$30,000 to $39,999 49,645 23,255 26,390
$40,000 to $49,999 48,895 24,215 24,675
$50,000 to $59,999 48,170 23,845 24,320
$60,000 to $69,999 42,600 22,105 20,495
$70,000 to $79,999 34,940 20,285 14,655
$80,000 to $89,999 27,905 16,675 11,225
$90,000 to $99,999 24,830 14,650 10,180
$100,000 and over 73,695 50,995 22,700
$100,000 to $124,999 36,630 23,195 13,435
$125,000 and over 37,070 27,800 9,265
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 812,615 401,820 410,795
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 757,220 373,735 383,485
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,800 50,800 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 757,435 373,785 383,650
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800 44,400 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 680,725 343,675 337,050
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,400 50,800 35,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 583,910 301,440 282,475
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,800 52,400 38,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 656,040 319,715 336,325
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,470 1,010 3,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 63,280 32,395 30,885
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,280 5,640 7,150
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 812,605 401,755 410,850
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 757,650 374,285 383,365
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,800 65,400 46,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 757,850 374,335 383,515
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,480 53,100 40,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 681,465 344,480 336,990
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,700 66,000 45,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 584,580 302,285 282,285
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,450 64,500 45,760
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 656,190 320,570 335,615
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,610 5,425 7,750
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 62,855 32,220 30,635
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,890 6,930 8,900
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 812,605 401,755 410,850
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 264,360 147,390 116,975
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,000 73,500 59,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,400 86,100 66,300
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 228,400 109,590 118,815
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,400 36,400 26,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 40,960 48,680 33,800
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 89.8 92.8 85.4
Employment income (%) 76.6 79.6 72.6
Government transfers (%) 10.3 7.1 14.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2 0.9 1.5
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 396,405 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 115,530 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 280,880 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 396,400 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 110,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 92,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 115,515 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 58,650 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 280,885 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 132,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 110,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 396,405 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,575 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,250 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,425 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,675 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,185 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,825 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,865 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,250 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,200 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,960 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 27,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 27,640 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 26,470 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,065 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,195 ... ...
$100,000 and over 175,820 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 50,345 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 37,255 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 46,410 ... ...
$200,000 and over 41,815 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 396,405 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,960 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,515 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,945 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,115 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 15,525 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,660 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,570 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,945 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,750 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 32,740 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,780 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,695 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,875 ... ...
$100,000 and over 141,375 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 50,770 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,675 ... ...
$150,000 and over 55,935 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 263,290 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 112,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 86,850 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 122,440 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 134,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 115,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 42,720 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 169,800 88,415 81,385
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 42,800 44,000 41,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,400 39,200 37,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 263,055 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 132,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,785 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 128,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 105,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 122,605 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 154,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 128,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,610 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 83,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 169,925 88,215 81,700
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 53,100 55,650 50,400
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 45,040 46,520 43,440
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 996,495 496,040 500,455
0 to 17 years 215,970 110,880 105,085
0 to 5 years 74,100 37,865 36,230
18 to 64 years 650,805 325,095 325,710
65 years and over 129,725 60,065 69,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 99,210 47,510 51,700
0 to 17 years 27,840 14,160 13,680
0 to 5 years 10,330 5,220 5,110
18 to 64 years 57,485 27,900 29,590
65 years and over 13,895 5,455 8,440
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.0 9.6 10.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9 12.8 13.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 13.8 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.6 9.1
65 years and over (%) 10.7 9.1 12.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 996,495 496,040 500,455
0 to 17 years 215,970 110,885 105,085
0 to 5 years 74,095 37,865 36,230
18 to 64 years 650,805 325,095 325,710
65 years and over 129,720 60,060 69,655
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 61,610 31,485 30,130
0 to 17 years 14,175 7,125 7,045
0 to 5 years 5,095 2,525 2,570
18 to 64 years 43,445 22,585 20,865
65 years and over 3,990 1,770 2,215
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2 6.4 6.0
0 to 17 years (%) 6.6 6.4 6.7
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9 6.7 7.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7 7.0 6.4
65 years and over (%) 3.1 3.0 3.2
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 996,495 496,040 500,455
In bottom half of the distribution 477,580 233,335 244,245
In bottom decile 91,105 45,525 45,575
In second decile 98,810 46,575 52,230
In third decile 94,245 45,990 48,255
In fourth decile 95,515 46,955 48,560
In fifth decile 97,910 48,290 49,625
In top half of the distribution 518,915 262,710 256,210
In sixth decile 98,605 49,205 49,405
In seventh decile 101,460 51,050 50,405
In eighth decile 104,315 52,545 51,770
In ninth decile 107,260 54,535 52,725
In top decile 107,270 55,375 51,900
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 996,495 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.334 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.444 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.296 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 1,000,740 497,935 502,805
English only 910,635 457,415 453,220
French only 1,285 520 765
English and French 65,950 30,840 35,115
Neither English nor French 22,865 9,150 13,710
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 1,000,740 497,935 502,805
English 955,475 477,440 478,040
French 17,320 8,835 8,485
English and French 5,790 2,870 2,920
Neither English nor French 22,160 8,800 13,365
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 1,000,740 497,935 502,805
Single responses 945,620 471,410 474,215
Official languages 642,285 325,315 316,970
English 626,085 317,045 309,045
French 16,200 8,275 7,920
Non-official languages 303,340 146,090 157,245
Indigenous languages39 1,850 725 1,130
Algonquian languages 1,565 625 940
Blackfoot 20 15 10
Cree-Innu languages 1,470 580 890
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,470 580 885
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 20 10 10
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 25 10 15
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 360 115 245
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 185 80 110
Cree, n.o.s. 875 360 515
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 30 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 5 5
Ojibway languages 60 30 30
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 30 10 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 25 10 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 160 55 110
Northern Athabaskan languages 160 55 105
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 115 35 80
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 25 5 20
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 10 5 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 10 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 20 5 10
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 45 10 30
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15 0 10
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 10 0 5
Inuktitut 30 10 20
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 15 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 50 25 25
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 15 5 10
Stoney 30 15 15
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 301,485 145,370 156,120
Afro-Asiatic languages 37,825 19,190 18,635
Berber languages 145 80 65
Kabyle 90 45 50
Tamazight 55 35 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 80 45 35
Hausa 70 45 30
Mina 10 5 0
Coptic 20 10 10
Cushitic languages 9,625 4,690 4,935
Bilen 470 255 210
Oromo 1,540 775 760
Somali 7,580 3,630 3,945
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20
Semitic languages 27,955 14,360 13,595
Amharic 2,900 1,355 1,545
Arabic 20,140 10,490 9,650
Aramaic languages 135 65 70
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 40 40
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20
Aramaic, n.o.s. 25 10 15
Harari 160 75 90
Hebrew 350 190 160
Maltese 15 10 5
Tigrigna 4,230 2,175 2,055
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,465 4,255 5,210
Khmer (Cambodian) 680 305 375
Vietnamese 8,725 3,915 4,815
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 60 35 25
Austronesian languages 43,265 19,100 24,165
Bikol 155 65 90
Bisaya, n.o.s. 665 290 375
Cebuano 1,920 870 1,050
Fijian 40 20 20
Hiligaynon 785 325 460
Ilocano 2,280 990 1,295
Indonesian 425 180 240
Kankanaey 115 50 65
Kinaray-a 40 10 25
Malagasy languages 15 5 10
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Malay 105 45 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 440 205 235
Pangasinan 185 80 105
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,655 15,775 19,880
Waray-Waray 90 40 50
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 350 150 195
Creole languages 905 450 450
Haitian Creole 220 115 105
Jamaican English Creole 20 10 5
Krio 200 100 105
Morisyen 165 90 80
Sango 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 205 100 105
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45
Dravidian languages 8,110 4,120 3,995
Kannada 200 105 95
Malayalam 4,575 2,285 2,295
Tamil 2,155 1,125 1,030
Telugu 1,155 595 555
Tulu 15 10 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Georgian 50 30 20
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 138,335 68,200 70,140
Albanian 765 410 355
Armenian 145 65 75
Balto-Slavic languages 24,510 11,225 13,285
Baltic languages 230 100 135
Latvian 105 45 60
Lithuanian 130 50 75
Slavic languages 24,280 11,125 13,155
Belarusian 40 20 15
Bulgarian 370 175 190
Czech 545 265 280
Macedonian 175 85 95
Polish 6,960 3,225 3,740
Russian 4,800 2,140 2,655
Rusyn 20 10 5
Serbo-Croatian 3,940 1,945 1,995
Bosnian 700 340 355
Croatian 1,540 780 755
Serbian 1,605 775 835
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 90 50 45
Slovak 345 170 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 205 90 115
Ukrainian 6,870 2,990 3,885
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Celtic languages 55 30 25
Irish 15 15 5
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5
Welsh 15 5 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Germanic languages 10,190 4,755 5,435
Frisian 40 20 20
High German languages 7,060 3,245 3,815
German 6,915 3,160 3,750
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 120 70 50
Yiddish 25 15 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,500 1,215 1,280
Afrikaans 350 175 175
Dutch 1,985 970 1,015
Low German, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Low Saxon 10 5 5
Plautdietsch 115 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 15
Scandinavian languages 585 270 315
Danish 330 160 170
Icelandic 25 10 20
Norwegian 80 35 45
Swedish 145 60 85
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Greek 780 420 360
Indo-Iranian languages 74,730 38,070 36,655
Indo-Aryan languages 68,225 34,755 33,465
Assamese 30 15 15
Bengali 2,675 1,370 1,310
Gujarati 6,425 3,310 3,115
Hindi 8,550 4,305 4,250
Kacchi 480 210 270
Kashmiri 35 20 15
Konkani 110 55 60
Marathi 685 350 330
Nepali 2,280 1,180 1,095
Oriya languages 75 40 35
Odia 60 35 25
Oriya, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 36,705 18,765 17,945
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 325 155 170
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,180 605 575
Urdu 8,390 4,235 4,155
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 260 135 125
Iranian languages 6,480 3,300 3,185
Baluchi 15 10 5
Kurdish 735 405 335
Parsi 5 5 0
Pashto 685 335 355
Persian languages 5,010 2,540 2,465
Dari 1,570 765 805
Iranian Persian 2,875 1,480 1,395
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 565 295 270
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 27,155 13,220 13,940
Catalan 15 10 10
Italian 3,510 1,700 1,810
Portuguese 3,975 1,900 2,075
Romanian 2,005 955 1,050
Spanish 17,640 8,650 8,990
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Japanese 900 290 615
Korean 6,100 2,855 3,245
Mongolian 80 45 40
Niger-Congo languages 7,595 3,740 3,855
Akan (Twi) 740 380 360
Bamanankan 10 5 5
Edo 110 50 60
Éwé 120 65 50
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 50 50
Ga 75 35 40
Ganda 215 105 105
Gikuyu 65 25 35
Igbo 440 230 210
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 850 410 435
Lingala 120 55 60
Luba-Kasai 25 10 10
Mòoré 30 10 15
Mwani 55 35 20
Ndebele 205 95 115
Rundi (Kirundi) 440 205 230
Shona 505 240 265
Soninke 5 5 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 75 25 50
Swahili 1,255 595 660
Wojenaka 20 5 15
Wolof 150 85 65
Yoruba 980 525 455
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,010 485 530
Nilo-Saharan languages 725 375 350
Dinka 275 140 130
Nuer 200 105 100
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 205 105 95
African, n.o.s. 50 25 20
Sign languages 320 165 155
American Sign Language 275 145 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 43,580 20,485 23,090
Chinese languages 42,900 20,145 22,750
Hakka 545 250 300
Mandarin 19,585 9,275 10,315
Min Dong 20 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,045 470 575
Wu (Shanghainese) 160 80 80
Yue (Cantonese) 20,925 9,750 11,175
Chinese, n.o.s. 590 290 295
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 325 310
Burmese 115 60 55
Kuki-Chin languages 35 15 15
Karenic languages 405 205 195
S'gaw Karen 335 160 170
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30
Tibetan 25 15 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25
Tai-Kadai languages 905 345 565
Lao 305 150 155
Thai 555 170 380
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Turkic languages 2,080 1,140 940
Azerbaijani 170 85 85
Kazakh 15 10 5
Turkish 1,675 935 740
Uyghur 65 30 35
Uzbek 105 55 45
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Uralic languages 1,150 550 600
Estonian 25 10 15
Finnish 140 60 75
Hungarian 990 485 510
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35
Multiple responses 55,115 26,525 28,590
English and French 4,675 2,285 2,385
English and non-official language(s) 43,995 21,165 22,825
French and non-official language(s) 1,375 680 695
English, French and non-official language(s) 850 420 435
Multiple non-official languages 4,220 1,975 2,245
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 1,000,740 497,935 502,805
English 648,980 327,675 321,310
French 4,680 2,270 2,410
Non-official language 90,765 43,525 47,240
Indigenous39 170 70 100
Non-Indigenous 90,595 43,450 47,145
English and French 10,825 5,215 5,610
English and non-official language(s) 228,985 111,475 117,515
French and non-official language(s) 755 345 420
English, French and non-official language(s) 6,735 3,220 3,520
Multiple non-official languages 9,020 4,225 4,790
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 1,000,740 497,935 502,805
Single responses 941,815 469,345 472,465
Official languages 753,490 377,630 375,855
English 746,435 374,180 372,250
French 7,055 3,450 3,605
Non-official languages 188,330 91,715 96,615
Indigenous languages39 395 170 220
Algonquian languages 360 155 205
Blackfoot 5 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 335 150 190
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 335 150 190
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 75 25 45
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 30 10 15
Cree, n.o.s. 235 105 130
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 10 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 187,935 91,540 96,390
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,185 11,995 12,185
Berber languages 65 35 30
Kabyle 40 20 20
Tamazight 25 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 55 35 20
Hausa 50 30 20
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 6,430 3,105 3,325
Bilen 345 180 165
Oromo 1,145 570 575
Somali 4,915 2,340 2,575
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Semitic languages 17,625 8,825 8,805
Amharic 1,770 820 950
Arabic 12,325 6,205 6,120
Aramaic languages 100 50 50
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35 15 20
Harari 110 55 55
Hebrew 150 85 65
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,155 1,605 1,545
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,245 2,860 3,390
Khmer (Cambodian) 380 170 210
Vietnamese 5,805 2,650 3,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 65 40 25
Austronesian languages 27,095 12,695 14,405
Bikol 50 25 30
Bisaya, n.o.s. 385 180 210
Cebuano 1,130 530 600
Fijian 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 425 200 230
Ilocano 1,350 625 730
Indonesian 170 85 90
Kankanaey 65 25 40
Kinaray-a 25 5 15
Malagasy languages 5 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Malay 20 10 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 295 130 165
Pangasinan 70 35 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,875 10,750 12,125
Waray-Waray 40 15 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85
Creole languages 555 265 285
Haitian Creole 165 80 85
Jamaican English Creole 20 10 10
Krio 95 45 55
Morisyen 125 65 60
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 90 45 45
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Dravidian languages 5,850 2,950 2,895
Kannada 100 50 55
Malayalam 3,355 1,675 1,680
Tamil 1,605 825 780
Telugu 775 400 380
Tulu 5 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Georgian 30 20 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 82,580 41,130 41,450
Albanian 340 170 165
Armenian 60 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 10,445 5,010 5,435
Baltic languages 90 45 45
Latvian 40 20 20
Lithuanian 45 25 20
Slavic languages 10,360 4,965 5,390
Belarusian 10 0 5
Bulgarian 180 90 95
Czech 165 80 85
Macedonian 100 50 45
Polish 3,005 1,415 1,595
Russian 2,985 1,435 1,545
Rusyn 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,845 875 965
Bosnian 295 140 155
Croatian 635 310 320
Serbian 895 410 480
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Slovak 65 40 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 30 25
Ukrainian 1,945 945 1,000
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,310 595 720
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 960 440 520
German 945 430 510
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 295 120 170
Afrikaans 155 75 80
Dutch 135 50 85
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 50 25 30
Danish 20 10 10
Icelandic 5 5 5
Norwegian 10 5 0
Swedish 20 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Greek 285 130 155
Indo-Iranian languages 55,830 28,310 27,525
Indo-Aryan languages 51,670 26,240 25,435
Assamese 15 10 5
Bengali 1,745 870 875
Gujarati 4,620 2,345 2,280
Hindi 5,610 2,830 2,780
Kacchi 215 85 125
Kashmiri 15 10 5
Konkani 40 20 25
Marathi 445 220 220
Nepali 1,655 865 785
Oriya languages 35 20 15
Odia 25 15 15
Oriya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30,595 15,640 14,955
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 205 100 105
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 685 335 350
Urdu 5,640 2,810 2,830
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 155 75 75
Iranian languages 4,150 2,065 2,085
Baluchi 10 5 5
Kurdish 435 220 210
Parsi 5 0 0
Pashto 480 225 255
Persian languages 3,200 1,600 1,600
Dari 920 435 485
Iranian Persian 1,910 975 935
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 375 190 180
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 14,295 6,875 7,415
Catalan 10 5 5
Italian 990 405 585
Portuguese 1,750 830 920
Romanian 1,005 485 520
Spanish 10,525 5,145 5,380
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Japanese 370 150 220
Korean 4,535 2,175 2,360
Mongolian 50 25 25
Niger-Congo languages 3,340 1,540 1,800
Akan (Twi) 325 160 165
Bamanankan 10 5 5
Edo 20 10 15
Éwé 20 10 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 90 45 50
Ga 15 5 5
Ganda 90 40 50
Gikuyu 5 0 0
Igbo 190 90 100
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 445 195 245
Lingala 85 35 45
Luba-Kasai 5 0 5
Mòoré 15 10 5
Mwani 30 15 15
Ndebele 70 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 240 110 125
Shona 165 80 85
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 35 15 20
Swahili 605 265 335
Wojenaka 5 5 5
Wolof 125 70 55
Yoruba 410 195 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 330 145 185
Nilo-Saharan languages 360 180 185
Dinka 120 65 60
Nuer 125 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55
African, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Sign languages 485 280 210
American Sign Language 410 230 175
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 30,100 14,195 15,910
Chinese languages 29,600 13,940 15,655
Hakka 210 85 125
Mandarin 14,405 7,015 7,395
Min Dong 10 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 465 195 270
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 45 55
Yue (Cantonese) 14,030 6,415 7,615
Chinese, n.o.s. 370 180 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 475 240 235
Burmese 75 40 35
Kuki-Chin languages 35 15 20
Karenic languages 320 160 160
S'gaw Karen 265 130 135
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Tibetan 15 10 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 400 180 225
Lao 140 65 75
Thai 235 105 130
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20
Turkic languages 1,360 720 635
Azerbaijani 100 55 50
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 1,145 610 540
Uyghur 40 20 20
Uzbek 50 30 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Uralic languages 360 165 195
Estonian 5 0 0
Finnish 20 15 10
Hungarian 335 155 180
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Multiple responses 58,930 28,590 30,340
English and French 2,445 1,180 1,265
English and non-official language(s) 54,020 26,250 27,765
French and non-official language(s) 400 175 225
English, French and non-official language(s) 775 385 395
Multiple non-official languages 1,290 595 695
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 1,000,745 497,935 502,805
None 792,140 396,600 395,535
English 77,010 38,210 38,800
French 8,150 3,865 4,285
Non-official language 94,890 45,245 49,645
Indigenous39 1,555 630 920
Non-Indigenous 93,340 44,615 48,720
English and French 1,120 540 575
English and non-official language(s) 13,430 6,680 6,750
French and non-official language(s) 2,760 1,295 1,465
English, French and non-official language(s) 295 145 150
Multiple non-official languages 10,950 5,355 5,600
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 996,490 496,020 500,470
Official languages 973,345 486,655 486,690
English 971,925 486,110 485,815
French 67,175 31,345 35,830
Non-official languages 410,435 197,970 212,465
Indigenous languages39 3,585 1,495 2,090
Algonquian languages 3,140 1,355 1,785
Blackfoot 45 30 20
Cree-Innu languages 2,970 1,265 1,705
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 2,955 1,265 1,690
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 35 15 20
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 60 30 30
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 1,045 390 655
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 320 140 185
Cree, n.o.s. 1,525 710 820
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140 65 75
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 20 0 15
Ojibway languages 120 55 65
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 35 20 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 35 10 20
Ojibway, n.o.s. 50 20 30
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 245 80 160
Northern Athabaskan languages 240 80 160
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 120 35 85
Gwich'in 15 15 0
Slavey-Hare languages 40 10 35
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 20 0 15
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 20 0 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 15 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 10 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 55 25 30
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 55 0 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15 0 10
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 15 0 10
Inuktitut 40 0 40
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 45 15 25
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 115 35 80
Assiniboine 25 0 25
Dakota 65 25 35
Stoney 30 0 25
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 407,055 196,545 210,510
Afro-Asiatic languages 55,510 28,335 27,180
Berber languages 200 110 95
Kabyle 160 75 85
Tamazight 35 25 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 395 230 165
Hausa 370 215 155
Mina 25 15 10
Coptic 45 30 15
Cushitic languages 13,440 6,560 6,880
Bilen 550 275 275
Oromo 2,605 1,305 1,295
Somali 10,405 5,025 5,385
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50
Semitic languages 44,095 22,820 21,265
Amharic 5,920 3,095 2,825
Arabic 33,200 17,375 15,830
Aramaic languages 190 90 100
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 35 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60 35 20
Aramaic, n.o.s. 55 25 35
Harari 275 145 130
Hebrew 1,305 725 580
Maltese 10 0 10
Tigrigna 6,425 3,230 3,195
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 215 160 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,220 6,165 7,055
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,015 480 530
Vietnamese 12,200 5,685 6,510
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 80 40 35
Austronesian languages 58,930 25,995 32,940
Bikol 305 160 150
Bisaya, n.o.s. 970 435 535
Cebuano 2,935 1,305 1,635
Fijian 110 55 60
Hiligaynon 1,300 540 760
Ilocano 4,370 1,815 2,550
Indonesian 755 290 465
Kankanaey 210 60 145
Kinaray-a 60 25 35
Malagasy languages 20 10 15
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 20 10 15
Malay 690 335 355
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 885 425 465
Pangasinan 410 160 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,850 24,620 31,230
Waray-Waray 295 110 190
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,585 740 845
Creole languages 2,405 1,190 1,220
Haitian Creole 665 345 320
Jamaican English Creole 175 75 95
Krio 380 190 190
Morisyen 330 170 160
Sango 30 20 0
Creole, n.o.s. 565 265 300
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420 200 220
Dravidian languages 11,580 5,850 5,730
Kannada 535 275 260
Malayalam 6,130 3,085 3,045
Tamil 4,375 2,345 2,035
Telugu 2,030 980 1,055
Tulu 40 25 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
Georgian 80 50 35
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 191,820 94,550 97,270
Albanian 920 510 410
Armenian 205 95 110
Balto-Slavic languages 31,195 14,495 16,705
Baltic languages 265 100 160
Latvian 95 30 60
Lithuanian 170 70 100
Slavic languages 31,075 14,440 16,640
Belarusian 155 75 80
Bulgarian 495 250 250
Czech 775 370 405
Macedonian 250 115 135
Polish 9,140 4,365 4,775
Russian 9,120 4,280 4,835
Rusyn 35 25 10
Serbo-Croatian 5,195 2,580 2,615
Bosnian 1,280 625 655
Croatian 2,500 1,280 1,215
Serbian 2,565 1,250 1,315
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 125 60 65
Slovak 530 245 280
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 145
Ukrainian 9,900 4,235 5,665
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Celtic languages 275 100 175
Irish 145 55 95
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 30
Welsh 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 0 30
Germanic languages 17,595 8,380 9,215
Frisian 60 25 35
High German languages 13,130 6,370 6,760
German 12,980 6,285 6,700
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 155 85 75
Yiddish 65 50 20
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,780 1,730 2,050
Afrikaans 855 430 430
Dutch 2,660 1,180 1,475
Low German, n.o.s. 70 25 40
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 215 110 105
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 25 25
Scandinavian languages 1,080 540 540
Danish 435 225 210
Icelandic 60 25 35
Norwegian 260 150 110
Swedish 370 170 200
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Greek 1,405 730 675
Indo-Iranian languages 100,910 51,360 49,550
Indo-Aryan languages 93,710 47,630 46,080
Assamese 105 55 50
Bengali 3,720 1,890 1,820
Gujarati 10,175 5,150 5,025
Hindi 39,515 20,190 19,330
Kacchi 1,040 470 575
Kashmiri 110 50 60
Konkani 285 160 125
Marathi 1,385 695 690
Nepali 2,435 1,260 1,175
Oriya languages 95 45 50
Odia 25 10 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 49,965 25,560 24,405
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 590 310 280
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,735 840 890
Urdu 15,820 8,035 7,785
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 615 335 285
Iranian languages 8,250 4,255 3,995
Baluchi 25 20 0
Kurdish 905 510 395
Parsi 10 10 0
Pashto 1,120 585 530
Persian languages 6,445 3,305 3,140
Dari 2,150 1,080 1,075
Iranian Persian 3,620 1,865 1,750
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 760 395 360
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120 85 40
Italic (Romance) languages 44,360 21,370 22,990
Catalan 30 20 10
Italian 6,730 3,245 3,480
Portuguese 5,550 2,745 2,805
Romanian 2,650 1,325 1,325
Spanish 31,095 14,890 16,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 155 80 80
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50
Japanese 2,830 1,250 1,580
Korean 7,565 3,465 4,100
Mongolian 115 50 65
Niger-Congo languages 17,175 8,615 8,560
Akan (Twi) 1,565 755 815
Bamanankan 80 50 30
Edo 290 150 140
Éwé 270 145 125
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 245 135 120
Ga 185 95 85
Ganda 540 245 295
Gikuyu 160 75 85
Igbo 1,260 580 675
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,480 780 700
Lingala 855 455 400
Luba-Kasai 90 45 45
Mòoré 40 10 30
Mwani 30 15 15
Ndebele 480 225 255
Rundi (Kirundi) 990 515 475
Shona 1,025 450 580
Soninke 50 35 15
Sotho-Tswana languages 105 35 65
Swahili 4,715 2,530 2,185
Wojenaka 95 55 45
Wolof 450 225 220
Yoruba 3,005 1,560 1,445
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,755 1,330 1,425
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,185 625 555
Dinka 465 245 220
Nuer 275 135 145
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 435 245 190
African, n.o.s. 180 105 75
Sign languages 2,090 835 1,255
American Sign Language 1,830 705 1,120
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 315 135 175
Sino-Tibetan languages 54,070 25,675 28,390
Chinese languages 53,025 25,175 27,850
Hakka 960 420 540
Mandarin 31,415 14,695 16,720
Min Dong 20 0 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,605 675 930
Wu (Shanghainese) 240 125 120
Yue (Cantonese) 28,425 13,485 14,940
Chinese, n.o.s. 680 305 375
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 990 480 505
Burmese 320 150 170
Kuki-Chin languages 35 20 15
Karenic languages 605 305 305
S'gaw Karen 555 270 280
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30
Tibetan 25 20 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 55 85
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 100 20 70
Tai-Kadai languages 1,325 570 755
Lao 495 230 265
Thai 790 320 470
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 165 70 90
Turkic languages 3,285 1,805 1,480
Azerbaijani 350 195 160
Kazakh 30 20 15
Turkish 2,760 1,555 1,205
Uyghur 85 45 40
Uzbek 125 70 60
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 115 50 70
Uralic languages 1,610 810 805
Estonian 30 10 20
Finnish 195 90 105
Hungarian 1,385 710 675
Other languages, n.i.e. 460 240 220
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 996,485 496,015 500,470
Indigenous identity45 58,165 27,510 30,660
Single Indigenous responses46 56,235 26,555 29,675
First Nations (North American Indian) 27,840 12,920 14,920
Métis 27,570 13,285 14,285
Inuk (Inuit) 820 350 465
Multiple Indigenous responses47 1,300 660 640
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 635 290 340
Non-Indigenous identity 938,320 468,505 469,815
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 996,485 496,015 500,470
Registered or Treaty Indian49 23,320 10,665 12,655
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 973,165 485,350 487,815
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 396,400 ... ...
Owner 252,150 ... ...
Renter 144,245 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 396,400 ... ...
Condominium 94,750 ... ...
Not condominium 301,645 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 396,400 ... ...
No bedrooms 3,860 ... ...
1 bedroom 55,090 ... ...
2 bedrooms 94,340 ... ...
3 bedrooms 136,735 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 106,380 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 396,400 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 138,580 ... ...
5 rooms 65,915 ... ...
6 rooms 54,345 ... ...
7 rooms 42,880 ... ...
8 or more rooms 94,680 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.8 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 396,400 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 381,040 ... ...
More than one person per room 15,355 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 396,400 ... ...
Suitable 370,185 ... ...
Not suitable 26,210 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 396,400 ... ...
1960 or before 50,230 ... ...
1961 to 1980 110,385 ... ...
1981 to 1990 43,560 ... ...
1991 to 2000 39,315 ... ...
2001 to 2005 32,950 ... ...
2006 to 2010 34,225 ... ...
2011 to 2015 42,510 ... ...
2016 to 202157 43,230 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 396,400 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 375,390 ... ...
Major repairs needed 21,010 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 396,400 ... ...
One-maintainer household 200,305 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 171,270 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 24,820 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 396,400 ... ...
15 to 24 years 15,715 ... ...
25 to 34 years 72,840 ... ...
35 to 44 years 85,785 ... ...
45 to 54 years 70,715 ... ...
55 to 64 years 70,130 ... ...
65 to 74 years 48,765 ... ...
75 to 84 years 22,995 ... ...
85 years and over 9,455 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 394,485 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 298,595 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 95,885 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 87,405 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 396,400 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 130,890 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 85,155 ... ...
Not suitable only 20,340 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 13,440 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 4,385 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 6,080 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,220 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 270 ... ...
Acceptable housing 265,515 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 386,005 ... ...
In core need 46,155 ... ...
Not in core need 339,850 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 252,090 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 65.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 17.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,680 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,720 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 384,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 419,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 144,250 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 9.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 35.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 23.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,250 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,302 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 996,485 496,015 500,475
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 24,160 11,380 12,780
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 23,160 10,940 12,220
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 16,895 7,895 9,005
Métis single ancestry 5,930 2,885 3,050
Inuit single ancestry 335 165 170
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 995 435 555
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 920 405 515
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 55 20 30
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 15 10 10
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 41,540 20,000 21,545
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 39,910 19,225 20,685
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 23,575 11,345 12,235
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15,795 7,585 8,205
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 535 290 245
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 1,630 770 855
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,490 700 785
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60 30 35
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55 35 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 0 15
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 930,790 464,640 466,150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 996,485 496,015 500,470
Canadian citizens77 863,500 431,725 431,775
Canadian citizens aged under 18 197,490 101,310 96,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 666,005 330,415 335,590
Not Canadian citizens78 132,985 64,290 68,700
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 996,485 496,015 500,470
Non-immigrants80 648,190 326,580 321,610
Immigrants81 324,310 156,800 167,515
Before 1980 37,140 18,260 18,880
1980 to 1990 32,440 16,020 16,420
1991 to 2000 41,995 19,605 22,390
2001 to 2010 77,150 37,305 39,840
2011 to 202182 135,590 65,605 69,990
2011 to 2015 67,510 33,300 34,210
2016 to 2021 68,085 32,305 35,780
Non-permanent residents83 23,985 12,640 11,345
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 324,315 156,795 167,515
Under 5 years 26,970 13,990 12,975
5 to 14 years 53,855 27,560 26,290
15 to 24 years 61,200 28,385 32,815
25 to 44 years 151,325 72,445 78,875
45 years and over 30,970 14,415 16,550
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 324,315 156,795 167,515
Americas 28,960 13,630 15,325
Brazil 995 375 615
Colombia 2,720 1,315 1,405
El Salvador 2,525 1,170 1,355
Guyana 1,145 570 575
Haiti 600 315 280
Jamaica 3,440 1,590 1,855
Mexico 2,820 1,430 1,385
Peru 485 205 280
Trinidad and Tobago 1,370 625 745
United States of America 6,290 2,855 3,440
Other places of birth in Americas 6,570 3,175 3,390
Europe 47,105 23,130 23,975
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,530 775 750
Croatia 1,315 670 650
France 715 320 395
Germany 4,025 1,950 2,080
Greece 560 310 245
Hungary 650 320 330
Italy 2,755 1,320 1,435
Netherlands 2,005 980 1,030
Poland 6,475 3,040 3,435
Portugal 2,085 1,035 1,045
Romania 1,915 940 970
Russian Federation 1,945 830 1,120
Serbia86 830 400 430
Ukraine 3,615 1,585 2,025
United Kingdom87 9,990 5,285 4,705
Other places of birth in Europe 6,690 3,360 3,335
Africa 47,395 23,980 23,415
Algeria 365 220 145
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,830 940 890
Egypt 2,670 1,460 1,210
Eritrea 4,090 2,235 1,855
Ethiopia 5,605 2,675 2,930
Morocco 890 435 450
Nigeria 5,675 2,995 2,680
Somalia 5,765 2,835 2,930
South Africa, Republic of 1,805 865 940
Other places of birth in Africa 18,700 9,300 9,395
Asia 196,955 94,215 102,745
Afghanistan 1,850 880 970
Iran88 2,630 1,360 1,275
Iraq 1,780 960 825
Lebanon 4,550 2,440 2,110
Syria89 4,370 2,355 2,010
Turkey 1,525 915 615
China90 21,110 9,560 11,545
Hong Kong91 6,985 3,430 3,550
Korea, South92 5,565 2,580 2,990
Taiwan 935 385 550
Philippines 54,855 24,295 30,565
Viet Nam 10,285 4,825 5,460
Bangladesh 2,055 1,045 1,015
India 50,440 25,490 24,950
Pakistan 8,900 4,475 4,420
Sri Lanka 2,150 1,090 1,060
Other places of birth in Asia 16,975 8,130 8,840
Oceania and other places of birth93 3,890 1,840 2,055
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 68,085 32,305 35,780
Americas 5,305 2,495 2,805
Brazil 295 120 180
Colombia 455 200 250
Haiti 85 50 30
Jamaica 950 460 490
Mexico 1,035 565 475
United States of America 1,120 530 595
Venezuela95 170 65 100
Other places of birth in Americas 1,200 510 690
Europe 4,400 2,165 2,235
France 120 70 50
Germany 160 60 100
Ireland96 280 165 120
Italy 150 85 65
Russian Federation 260 100 165
Ukraine 745 310 435
United Kingdom87 785 435 350
Other places of birth in Europe 1,890 940 950
Africa 13,520 6,490 7,030
Algeria 45 20 25
Burundi 380 200 180
Cameroon 380 145 230
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 590 285 305
Côte d'Ivoire 190 75 115
Egypt 480 230 250
Eritrea 2,045 1,020 1,020
Ethiopia 1,580 705 875
Morocco 175 65 115
Nigeria 2,770 1,430 1,340
Somalia 1,275 665 615
South Africa, Republic of 295 130 160
Sudan97 485 220 260
Tunisia 135 70 65
Other places of birth in Africa 2,705 1,235 1,470
Asia 44,495 20,955 23,540
Afghanistan 415 225 190
Bangladesh 440 200 245
China90 3,540 1,540 2,005
Hong Kong91 345 160 180
India 14,005 7,085 6,920
Iran88 510 230 275
Iraq 315 165 150
Israel 270 160 110
Japan 85 10 75
Jordan 240 125 120
Korea, South92 1,195 485 705
Lebanon 420 190 225
Nepal 510 235 275
Pakistan 1,295 600 690
Philippines 14,200 6,285 7,915
Saudi Arabia 375 170 205
Sri Lanka 415 200 215
Syria89 3,310 1,795 1,515
Turkey 415 215 200
United Arab Emirates 260 140 120
Viet Nam 670 230 435
Other places of birth in Asia 1,270 510 760
Oceania and other93 365 195 170
Australia 185 125 55
Other places of birth98 185 70 110
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 996,485 496,015 500,470
First generation100 356,830 173,885 182,945
Second generation101 217,370 108,715 108,655
Third generation or more102 422,280 213,410 208,870
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 287,175 138,540 148,640
Economic immigrants104 153,380 77,385 75,995
Principal applicants105 64,270 38,640 25,635
Secondary applicants106 89,110 38,745 50,360
Immigrants sponsored by family107 81,980 33,610 48,370
Refugees108 49,110 26,205 22,910
Other immigrants109 2,705 1,340 1,365
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 287,175 138,540 148,640
Asylum claim before admission111 11,065 6,320 4,745
Work permits only before admission112 38,980 17,800 21,185
Study permits only before admission113 8,135 4,145 3,995
Work and study permits before admission114 17,930 10,110 7,815
Other permits before admission115 1,160 480 680
No pre-admission experience116 209,905 99,685 110,215
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 996,485 496,015 500,470
Total visible minority population118 426,195 210,120 216,070
South Asian 114,985 58,570 56,420
Chinese 59,740 28,960 30,780
Black 75,525 37,955 37,570
Filipino 70,550 32,405 38,140
Arab 30,485 15,920 14,565
Latin American 19,455 9,445 10,010
Southeast Asian 19,205 9,015 10,190
West Asian 7,690 3,960 3,730
Korean 8,045 3,790 4,255
Japanese 2,180 950 1,235
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 4,240 2,040 2,205
Multiple visible minorities 14,090 7,115 6,975
Not a visible minority120 570,295 285,890 284,400
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 996,490 496,015 500,470
Canadian 84,995 44,550 40,445
English 132,440 65,940 66,495
Irish 108,030 52,370 55,655
Scottish 116,785 57,665 59,120
French, n.o.s.122 73,060 36,180 36,880
German 115,540 56,870 58,665
Chinese 64,525 30,980 33,550
Italian 22,640 11,365 11,280
Indian (India) 61,940 31,180 30,755
Ukrainian 92,615 44,880 47,730
Dutch 29,900 14,705 15,195
Polish 44,080 20,835 23,240
Québécois 1,270 740 530
British Isles, n.o.s.123 23,035 11,785 11,250
Filipino 67,395 31,160 36,235
French Canadian 7,185 3,370 3,815
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 13,740 7,090 6,645
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 15,175 7,125 8,045
Métis 24,235 11,630 12,605
European, n.o.s.126 13,250 6,990 6,260
Russian 17,395 8,210 9,185
Norwegian 25,790 12,575 13,220
Welsh 14,425 7,240 7,185
Portuguese 8,175 4,175 3,995
American 10,515 5,150 5,370
Spanish 11,065 5,110 5,955
Swedish 16,210 7,425 8,785
Hungarian 8,750 4,395 4,360
Acadian 1,955 995 960
Pakistani 12,175 6,155 6,015
African, n.o.s.127 13,365 6,685 6,680
Jewish 4,210 2,110 2,100
Punjabi 15,425 8,010 7,415
Vietnamese 14,465 7,020 7,445
Arab, n.o.s.128 9,970 5,220 4,755
Greek 3,645 1,950 1,690
Jamaican 5,455 2,730 2,725
Asian, n.o.s.129 9,650 4,675 4,980
Cree, n.o.s.130 13,325 6,290 7,035
Korean 7,835 3,720 4,110
Romanian 7,430 3,580 3,850
Lebanese 12,085 6,080 6,005
Iranian 3,440 1,770 1,665
Christian, n.i.e.131 3,070 1,530 1,540
Danish 8,805 4,245 4,560
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 6,775 3,330 3,445
Sikh 10,965 5,715 5,245
Austrian 7,995 4,030 3,965
Belgian 4,090 2,000 2,095
Haitian 815 425 390
Hindu 9,145 4,720 4,430
Mexican 5,240 2,595 2,640
Mennonite 2,330 1,065 1,260
Swiss 3,485 1,735 1,745
Finnish 3,165 1,455 1,710
Sri Lankan 2,120 1,050 1,070
Croatian 3,960 2,010 1,950
Japanese 3,235 1,490 1,745
South Asian, n.o.s.133 3,120 1,535 1,585
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,390 695 695
Northern European, n.o.s.135 4,725 2,505 2,220
Muslim 5,170 2,555 2,615
Egyptian 3,775 2,025 1,755
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 3,190 1,580 1,615
Tamil 1,360 715 650
Icelandic 3,185 1,620 1,560
Colombian 2,875 1,400 1,475
Moroccan 1,140 600 545
Czech 3,530 1,575 1,955
Syrian 3,980 2,075 1,905
Guyanese 1,355 730 625
Afghan 2,805 1,415 1,390
Black, n.o.s.137 2,810 1,380 1,430
Serbian 2,680 1,310 1,370
Ojibway 1,060 520 535
Newfoundlander 1,320 715 610
Hong Konger 2,385 1,245 1,140
Ontarian 470 250 220
Persian 1,420 700 720
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,960 960 1,000
Turkish 3,100 1,735 1,370
Inuit, n.o.s.138 965 500 465
Bangladeshi 2,370 1,300 1,070
Algerian 410 195 220
Brazilian 1,340 595 745
Nigerian 3,995 2,020 1,975
Armenian 515 250 265
Slovak 1,985 975 1,015
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,710 785 925
Somali