Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
Profile table

Add a geography

Add a geography

You can add up to five (5) geographies to the table. For comparison of more than five geographies, please refer to the comprehensive download files.

Add or remove data

Add or remove data

Topic:
Select all topics
Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Calgary, City (CY)More information:
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 1,306,784 ... ...
Population, 20161 1,239,220 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 531,062 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 502,301 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,592.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 820.62 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 1,306,780 648,835 657,950
0 to 14 years 235,855 121,145 114,710
0 to 4 years 73,840 37,865 35,980
5 to 9 years 80,585 41,225 39,365
10 to 14 years 81,425 42,055 39,370
15 to 64 years 893,525 445,660 447,865
15 to 19 years 73,490 37,720 35,770
20 to 24 years 78,365 40,280 38,085
25 to 29 years 88,385 43,930 44,460
30 to 34 years 105,960 52,030 53,930
35 to 39 years 110,765 54,785 55,985
40 to 44 years 100,080 49,490 50,595
45 to 49 years 91,385 45,430 45,945
50 to 54 years 84,725 42,550 42,175
55 to 59 years 82,570 41,000 41,570
60 to 64 years 77,790 38,450 39,345
65 years and over 177,405 82,035 95,375
65 to 69 years 62,120 30,410 31,710
70 to 74 years 46,495 22,225 24,270
75 to 79 years 28,965 13,485 15,485
80 to 84 years 19,405 8,370 11,035
85 years and over 20,420 7,540 12,875
85 to 89 years 12,620 4,995 7,625
90 to 94 years 6,225 2,115 4,110
95 to 99 years 1,375 390 990
100 years and over 195 45 155
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.7 17.4
15 to 64 years 68.4 68.7 68.1
65 years and over 13.6 12.6 14.5
85 years and over 1.6 1.2 2.0
Average age of the population 38.8 38.2 39.5
Median age of the population 38.0 37.6 38.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 502,300 ... ...
Single-detached house 276,050 ... ...
Semi-detached house 31,660 ... ...
Row house 48,860 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 21,165 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 81,870 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 40,700 ... ...
Other single-attached house 200 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,790 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 502,305 ... ...
1 person 132,695 ... ...
2 persons 159,955 ... ...
3 persons 80,020 ... ...
4 persons 79,565 ... ...
5 or more persons 50,070 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,291,770 642,160 649,610
Average household size 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 1,070,930 527,695 543,240
Married or living common-law 624,845 312,690 312,150
Married 529,175 264,635 264,545
Living common-law 95,665 48,060 47,610
Living common law - Never married 73,555 37,065 36,490
Living common law - Separated 3,080 1,645 1,435
Living common law - Divorced 17,645 8,750 8,890
Living common law - Widowed 1,390 595 795
Not married and not living common-law 446,090 215,005 231,085
Not married and not living common law - Never married 313,900 170,360 143,540
Not married and not living common law - Separated 24,245 10,380 13,865
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 67,400 25,865 41,535
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 40,550 8,395 32,150
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 356,225 ... ...
2 persons 164,970 ... ...
3 persons 78,740 ... ...
4 persons 79,565 ... ...
5 or more persons 32,950 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 356,220 ... ...
Total couple families 304,050 ... ...
Married couples 256,225 ... ...
With children6 155,795 ... ...
Without children 100,430 ... ...
Common-law couples 47,830 ... ...
With children6 14,805 ... ...
Without children 33,020 ... ...
Total one-parent families 52,170 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 40,670 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 11,505 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 1,291,770 642,160 649,610
Total - Persons in census families 1,060,650 527,080 533,570
Married spouses or common-law partners 608,110 304,145 303,965
Parents in one-parent families 52,170 11,500 40,665
Children6 400,375 211,435 188,940
In a two-parent family 319,875 167,975 151,905
In a one-parent family 80,495 43,460 37,035
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 231,120 115,080 116,040
Living alone 132,690 62,770 69,920
Living with other relatives7 34,850 14,875 19,980
Living with non-relatives only 63,575 37,435 26,140
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 502,300 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 302,280 ... ...
Couple-family households 262,950 ... ...
With children6 147,735 ... ...
Without children 115,220 ... ...
One-parent-family households 39,325 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 17,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 4,035 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 18,975 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 27,275 ... ...
One-person households 132,690 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 1,056,225 521,185 535,040
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,003,515 495,570 507,940
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,400 50,800 39,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,004,015 495,845 508,175
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000 44,800 36,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 909,585 457,190 452,395
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400 48,400 32,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 761,365 391,230 370,130
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,400 49,600 35,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 880,900 428,430 452,470
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 5,640 9,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 115,990 54,710 61,280
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,800 5,760 5,880
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 326,795 158,290 168,500
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500 8,000 9,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 1,056,230 521,175 535,050
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,003,175 495,345 507,830
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 64,600 76,500 53,050
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,003,685 495,595 508,095
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,500 60,400 44,760
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 909,780 457,395 452,390
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 61,600 74,500 48,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 761,230 391,465 369,765
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,450 71,900 48,320
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 879,935 427,945 451,995
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,010 8,920 11,050
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 115,600 54,695 60,905
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,060 6,620 7,460
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 325,765 158,290 167,480
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,350 9,260 9,440
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 1,056,230 521,175 535,055
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 356,230 200,300 155,925
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 72,500 79,000 65,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 93,600 105,800 77,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 309,535 144,060 165,475
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,400 23,000 18,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,600 39,360 28,560
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 86.4 90.0 81.4
Employment income (%)19 71.0 74.2 66.4
Government transfers (%)20 13.6 10.1 18.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.0 1.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.2 4.2 6.6
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 3.9 5.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 1,056,220 521,185 535,035
Without total income 52,710 25,610 27,100
With total income 1,003,510 495,570 507,940
Under $10,000 (including loss) 88,650 37,295 51,350
$10,000 to $19,999 95,485 40,550 54,935
$20,000 to $29,999 150,395 67,505 82,885
$30,000 to $39,999 120,085 52,190 67,895
$40,000 to $49,999 102,800 47,405 55,400
$50,000 to $59,999 84,010 40,150 43,855
$60,000 to $69,999 69,945 34,995 34,950
$70,000 to $79,999 56,175 29,855 26,315
$80,000 to $89,999 43,630 24,315 19,315
$90,000 to $99,999 36,520 20,230 16,285
$100,000 and over 155,825 101,065 54,765
$100,000 to $149,999 90,875 54,255 36,615
$150,000 and over 64,950 46,810 18,145
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 1,056,220 521,185 535,035
Without after-tax income 52,205 25,340 26,860
With after-tax income 1,004,020 495,845 508,175
Under $10,000 (including loss) 92,205 38,635 53,565
$10,000 to $19,999 99,660 42,515 57,150
$20,000 to $29,999 170,545 76,940 93,605
$30,000 to $39,999 139,800 62,515 77,285
$40,000 to $49,999 119,345 56,570 62,770
$50,000 to $59,999 94,265 46,850 47,410
$60,000 to $69,999 71,155 37,840 33,320
$70,000 to $79,999 52,530 29,120 23,415
$80,000 to $89,999 41,555 22,700 18,850
$90,000 to $99,999 28,220 16,610 11,610
$100,000 and over 94,730 65,540 29,195
$100,000 to $124,999 39,250 25,260 13,985
$125,000 and over 55,485 40,285 15,205
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 1,056,220 521,185 535,035
Without employment income 294,855 129,955 164,905
With employment income 761,365 391,235 370,135
Under $5,000 (including loss) 93,565 43,905 49,665
$5,000 to $9,999 61,265 26,265 35,000
$10,000 to $19,999 84,600 37,635 46,965
$20,000 to $29,999 65,430 30,260 35,170
$30,000 to $39,999 62,020 29,540 32,480
$40,000 to $49,999 60,110 29,420 30,685
$50,000 to $59,999 56,160 27,655 28,505
$60,000 to $69,999 50,010 25,670 24,345
$70,000 to $79,999 40,770 22,575 18,195
$80,000 to $89,999 33,160 18,845 14,315
$90,000 to $99,999 29,855 16,295 13,560
$100,000 and over 124,415 83,170 41,245
$100,000 to $124,999 49,530 29,135 20,400
$125,000 and over 74,880 54,035 20,845
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 1,056,225 521,185 535,040
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 980,505 483,190 497,310
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,600 51,200 37,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 980,815 483,265 497,550
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 44,800 34,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 897,540 451,120 446,420
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,200 51,200 36,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 762,840 391,880 370,965
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400 51,600 38,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 833,025 405,905 427,120
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,140 950 2,740
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 70,610 32,260 38,350
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,600 5,840 7,300
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 1,056,230 521,175 535,050
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 980,005 482,985 497,015
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 64,200 77,400 51,450
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 980,295 483,045 497,250
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,800 60,800 43,040
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 897,990 451,595 446,395
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 64,500 78,300 50,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 762,865 392,125 370,740
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 63,450 75,800 50,440
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 833,205 406,035 427,170
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,005 4,932 7,020
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 70,185 31,980 38,210
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,230 7,210 9,090
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 1,056,230 521,175 535,055
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 352,800 198,465 154,335
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 69,500 76,500 62,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 91,200 104,000 74,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 292,225 136,270 155,955
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,800 32,400 26,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 43,240 51,500 36,040
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 92.0 94.6 88.2
Employment income (%) 77.0 79.6 73.2
Government transfers (%) 7.9 5.4 11.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.6 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 502,305 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 132,690 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 50,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 369,610 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 502,305 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 129,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 104,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 132,725 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 67,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 55,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 369,575 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 151,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 122,700 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 502,305 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,975 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,895 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,930 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,410 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,505 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,430 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,120 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,160 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,875 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 31,950 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 31,405 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 29,885 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,640 ... ...
$100,000 and over 245,760 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 61,565 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 47,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 61,440 ... ...
$200,000 and over 75,515 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 502,305 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,665 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,985 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,035 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,855 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,290 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,415 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,475 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,635 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,230 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,030 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,875 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 38,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 36,910 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 35,205 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,690 ... ...
$100,000 and over 203,605 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 64,210 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 45,680 ... ...
$150,000 and over 93,720 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 350,080 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 119,715 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 170,690 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 142,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 47,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 196,265 100,210 96,060
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 44,000 45,200 43,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 39,600 40,000 38,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 350,020 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 122,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 119,860 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 140,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 113,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 170,590 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 178,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 143,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 47,630 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 89,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 196,265 100,075 96,185
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 59,850 61,150 58,550
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 49,480 50,080 48,880
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 1,291,770 642,160 649,610
0 to 17 years 279,980 143,740 136,235
0 to 5 years 90,035 46,090 43,945
18 to 64 years 844,490 419,605 424,880
65 years and over 167,305 78,810 88,495
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,560 55,845 59,720
0 to 17 years 30,045 15,495 14,550
0 to 5 years 9,980 5,085 4,895
18 to 64 years 68,060 33,225 34,835
65 years and over 17,455 7,120 10,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.0 8.7 9.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.8 10.7
0 to 5 years (%) 11.1 11.0 11.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.9 8.2
65 years and over (%) 10.4 9.0 11.7
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 1,291,770 642,160 649,610
0 to 17 years 279,975 143,740 136,235
0 to 5 years 90,035 46,090 43,945
18 to 64 years 844,490 419,610 424,880
65 years and over 167,305 78,810 88,495
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 74,755 38,790 35,970
0 to 17 years 16,260 8,345 7,910
0 to 5 years 5,165 2,630 2,530
18 to 64 years 52,615 27,685 24,930
65 years and over 5,885 2,755 3,135
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.8 6.0 5.5
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8 5.8 5.8
0 to 5 years (%) 5.7 5.7 5.8
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 6.6 5.9
65 years and over (%) 3.5 3.5 3.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 1,291,770 642,160 649,610
In bottom half of the distribution 567,165 277,385 289,775
In bottom decile 107,675 54,440 53,230
In second decile 113,610 53,540 60,065
In third decile 112,705 54,705 58,005
In fourth decile 115,075 56,390 58,690
In fifth decile 118,100 58,310 59,790
In top half of the distribution 724,605 364,770 359,830
In sixth decile 122,380 60,845 61,535
In seventh decile 125,895 62,890 63,005
In eighth decile 132,170 66,300 65,865
In ninth decile 145,410 73,125 72,290
In top decile 198,750 101,615 97,135
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 1,291,770 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.376 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.471 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.327 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.1 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 1,296,120 644,020 652,095
English only 1,177,415 591,385 586,025
French only 825 350 480
English and French 85,355 39,160 46,200
Neither English nor French 32,520 13,125 19,395
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 1,296,120 644,020 652,095
English 1,240,980 619,695 621,280
French 16,810 8,335 8,480
English and French 6,620 3,275 3,345
Neither English nor French 31,705 12,710 18,995
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 1,296,120 644,020 652,095
Single responses 1,229,455 611,620 617,835
Official languages 846,405 428,260 418,145
English 830,305 420,265 410,040
French 16,100 7,990 8,105
Non-official languages 383,050 183,360 199,690
Indigenous languages39 580 240 345
Algonquian languages 415 165 250
Blackfoot 175 80 90
Cree-Innu languages 185 70 120
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 185 70 120
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 0 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 10 5 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 50 15 30
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 125 45 75
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 15 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 45 15 35
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 20 0 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 30 10 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 50 30 25
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 25 20
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 5
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 20 15 10
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5
Salish languages 5 0 5
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 80 30 55
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 15 5 10
Stoney 60 20 40
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Non-Indigenous languages 382,470 183,120 199,345
Afro-Asiatic languages 34,290 17,610 16,680
Berber languages 125 70 55
Kabyle 90 45 45
Tamazight 30 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Chadic languages 40 20 20
Hausa 40 20 20
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 30 10 15
Cushitic languages 3,165 1,585 1,580
Bilen 170 85 85
Oromo 1,370 685 685
Somali 1,600 795 805
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 5
Semitic languages 30,935 15,925 15,005
Amharic 4,460 2,140 2,315
Arabic 20,395 10,695 9,705
Aramaic languages 635 305 330
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 325 160 165
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 215 100 110
Aramaic, n.o.s. 95 40 55
Harari 40 20 25
Hebrew 455 225 230
Maltese 15 5 10
Tigrigna 4,890 2,510 2,380
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,755 6,180 7,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 795 365 425
Vietnamese 12,855 5,750 7,100
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 110 60 50
Austronesian languages 51,040 22,530 28,505
Bikol 195 85 110
Bisaya, n.o.s. 865 370 495
Cebuano 1,840 815 1,020
Fijian 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 955 405 550
Ilocano 3,435 1,545 1,890
Indonesian 665 270 395
Kankanaey 190 80 110
Kinaray-a 85 40 40
Malagasy languages 30 15 10
Merina 5 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 25 15 10
Malay 135 65 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 460 225 240
Pangasinan 195 95 100
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 41,375 18,235 23,135
Waray-Waray 155 75 75
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 420 180 235
Creole languages 560 275 285
Haitian Creole 165 75 85
Jamaican English Creole 15 10 5
Krio 55 25 30
Morisyen 95 50 50
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 145 75 75
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40
Dravidian languages 6,430 3,300 3,125
Kannada 355 180 175
Malayalam 2,655 1,335 1,320
Tamil 2,095 1,095 1,000
Telugu 1,255 660 595
Tulu 50 25 30
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Georgian 120 70 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 182,725 89,715 93,015
Albanian 1,330 695 630
Armenian 260 135 125
Balto-Slavic languages 27,355 12,635 14,725
Baltic languages 435 205 230
Latvian 170 75 95
Lithuanian 270 130 140
Slavic languages 26,925 12,430 14,490
Belarusian 20 5 15
Bulgarian 785 395 390
Czech 1,190 545 650
Macedonian 135 70 70
Polish 6,845 3,190 3,650
Russian 9,460 4,205 5,255
Rusyn 0 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,440 2,150 2,290
Bosnian 780 380 405
Croatian 1,755 830 925
Serbian 1,830 900 925
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 75 40 35
Slovak 940 465 475
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 85 110
Ukrainian 2,900 1,315 1,585
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Celtic languages 100 55 45
Irish 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10
Welsh 40 25 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Germanic languages 12,360 5,935 6,430
Frisian 30 15 15
High German languages 7,370 3,450 3,915
German 7,100 3,315 3,790
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 210 105 100
Yiddish 55 25 30
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,940 1,950 1,990
Afrikaans 905 445 455
Dutch 2,750 1,370 1,375
Low German, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Low Saxon 10 5 0
Plautdietsch 180 75 105
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 35
Scandinavian languages 1,000 495 505
Danish 560 295 265
Icelandic 40 20 20
Norwegian 165 70 95
Swedish 235 110 125
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5
Greek 1,385 640 745
Indo-Iranian languages 98,325 49,490 48,840
Indo-Aryan languages 85,530 43,050 42,485
Assamese 45 20 25
Bengali 4,350 2,175 2,180
Gujarati 6,290 3,245 3,045
Hindi 7,905 3,990 3,920
Kacchi 1,030 455 580
Kashmiri 75 40 35
Konkani 160 75 85
Marathi 980 495 480
Nepali 2,195 1,135 1,065
Oriya languages 95 50 40
Odia 55 30 25
Oriya, n.o.s. 40 20 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 43,685 21,975 21,710
Rohingya 25 10 10
Sindhi 285 150 135
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 960 475 490
Urdu 16,835 8,445 8,390
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 625 330 290
Iranian languages 12,760 6,425 6,335
Baluchi 50 30 15
Kurdish 1,055 515 540
Parsi 20 10 15
Pashto 1,960 1,000 960
Persian languages 9,625 4,835 4,780
Dari 2,800 1,400 1,395
Iranian Persian 5,565 2,800 2,765
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,255 635 620
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages 41,550 20,105 21,450
Catalan 45 15 25
Italian 4,100 2,060 2,040
Portuguese 4,065 1,935 2,125
Romanian 4,155 2,045 2,115
Spanish 29,175 14,035 15,135
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30
Japanese 2,195 735 1,455
Korean 10,205 4,705 5,510
Mongolian 450 200 245
Niger-Congo languages 5,870 2,945 2,920
Akan (Twi) 620 315 305
Bamanankan 10 10 5
Edo 90 45 40
Éwé 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 35 45
Ga 35 20 20
Ganda 60 25 30
Gikuyu 55 25 30
Igbo 730 380 355
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 190 95 95
Lingala 55 30 20
Luba-Kasai 25 5 15
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 115 55 60
Ndebele 85 40 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 140 60 80
Shona 290 130 155
Soninke 10 5 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 35 15 25
Swahili 725 355 380
Wojenaka 5 0 0
Wolof 80 40 45
Yoruba 1,685 880 805
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 700 335 360
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,270 640 625
Dinka 535 295 240
Nuer 375 165 215
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 305 155 155
African, n.o.s. 55 35 25
Sign languages 230 115 110
American Sign Language 185 100 85
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 67,255 31,260 36,000
Chinese languages 65,980 30,640 35,335
Hakka 280 135 150
Mandarin 31,270 14,465 16,810
Min Dong 30 15 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,205 515 690
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 125 125
Yue (Cantonese) 32,065 14,990 17,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 840 380 460
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,235 600 635
Burmese 255 120 135
Kuki-Chin languages 90 40 45
Karenic languages 220 110 115
S'gaw Karen 170 85 85
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30
Tibetan 635 320 325
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25
Tai-Kadai languages 1,070 390 685
Lao 415 195 215
Thai 620 175 445
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Turkic languages 1,870 1,000 865
Azerbaijani 240 135 110
Kazakh 55 20 35
Turkish 1,340 730 610
Uyghur 65 30 35
Uzbek 95 45 45
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40
Uralic languages 3,070 1,415 1,655
Estonian 70 35 35
Finnish 240 85 155
Hungarian 2,765 1,300 1,465
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Multiple responses 66,660 32,400 34,265
English and French 5,245 2,530 2,715
English and non-official language(s) 53,970 26,410 27,560
French and non-official language(s) 1,145 565 580
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,015 465 545
Multiple non-official languages 5,295 2,430 2,865
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 1,296,120 644,020 652,095
English 858,205 432,905 425,300
French 3,800 1,885 1,915
Non-official language 119,530 56,930 62,595
Indigenous39 45 20 20
Non-Indigenous 119,485 56,915 62,570
English and French 12,035 5,650 6,380
English and non-official language(s) 283,170 137,555 145,610
French and non-official language(s) 525 235 290
English, French and non-official language(s) 6,990 3,275 3,715
Multiple non-official languages 11,860 5,575 6,290
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 1,296,120 644,020 652,095
Single responses 1,226,245 609,935 616,315
Official languages 983,495 492,440 491,055
English 977,675 489,585 488,090
French 5,820 2,860 2,965
Non-official languages 242,750 117,500 125,255
Indigenous languages39 105 40 60
Algonquian languages 65 30 35
Blackfoot 35 15 20
Cree-Innu languages 25 15 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 15 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 5 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 20 5 15
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 20 5 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 242,650 117,455 125,195
Afro-Asiatic languages 21,960 10,980 10,975
Berber languages 45 30 15
Kabyle 35 20 15
Tamazight 5 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Chadic languages 25 10 10
Hausa 25 10 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 15 10 5
Cushitic languages 2,135 1,040 1,100
Bilen 130 65 70
Oromo 995 495 495
Somali 1,010 470 535
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 19,740 9,895 9,845
Amharic 2,800 1,320 1,485
Arabic 12,395 6,275 6,120
Aramaic languages 485 230 255
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 250 120 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 80
Aramaic, n.o.s. 85 45 45
Harari 25 10 15
Hebrew 235 115 115
Maltese 5 5 0
Tigrigna 3,765 1,920 1,845
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,355 4,270 5,090
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 190 240
Vietnamese 8,840 4,030 4,810
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 80 45 35
Austronesian languages 32,480 15,230 17,250
Bikol 75 35 35
Bisaya, n.o.s. 470 220 245
Cebuano 1,090 530 560
Fijian 10 5 0
Hiligaynon 520 250 270
Ilocano 2,135 990 1,150
Indonesian 225 115 110
Kankanaey 110 50 55
Kinaray-a 50 30 20
Malagasy languages 15 5 10
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Malay 40 20 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 120 120
Pangasinan 50 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 27,210 12,710 14,500
Waray-Waray 70 40 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 180 90 90
Creole languages 325 155 170
Haitian Creole 115 60 60
Jamaican English Creole 10 5 5
Krio 20 15 10
Morisyen 70 35 40
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25
Dravidian languages 4,160 2,085 2,080
Kannada 190 90 95
Malayalam 1,785 890 900
Tamil 1,395 710 680
Telugu 760 375 380
Tulu 30 15 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Georgian 75 40 30
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 112,245 55,440 56,805
Albanian 610 325 290
Armenian 140 65 75
Balto-Slavic languages 12,980 6,225 6,760
Baltic languages 195 95 95
Latvian 70 40 35
Lithuanian 120 60 60
Slavic languages 12,790 6,130 6,660
Belarusian 10 5 5
Bulgarian 360 175 185
Czech 345 160 185
Macedonian 70 35 35
Polish 2,795 1,345 1,455
Russian 6,055 2,880 3,170
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,860 905 960
Bosnian 315 155 160
Croatian 650 300 350
Serbian 895 440 450
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Slovak 350 165 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 20 15
Ukrainian 905 435 470
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 15 5 10
Irish 5 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5
Welsh 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Germanic languages 1,535 735 805
Frisian 5 5 5
High German languages 665 320 345
German 640 305 335
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 10 10
Yiddish 10 5 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 725 345 380
Afrikaans 435 215 225
Dutch 275 125 150
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10
Scandinavian languages 130 60 75
Danish 40 20 20
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 15 10 5
Swedish 70 30 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 430 185 245
Indo-Iranian languages 73,220 36,630 36,595
Indo-Aryan languages 64,720 32,425 32,290
Assamese 20 10 15
Bengali 2,905 1,420 1,490
Gujarati 4,045 2,085 1,960
Hindi 5,165 2,605 2,565
Kacchi 565 235 325
Kashmiri 50 25 30
Konkani 70 35 35
Marathi 565 285 280
Nepali 1,565 805 765
Oriya languages 40 20 20
Odia 25 15 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 36,445 18,325 18,120
Rohingya 10 5 5
Sindhi 165 85 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 520 255 265
Urdu 12,250 6,075 6,175
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175
Iranian languages 8,490 4,190 4,295
Baluchi 30 15 15
Kurdish 735 355 380
Parsi 10 5 5
Pashto 1,215 625 595
Persian languages 6,470 3,185 3,285
Dari 1,710 830 880
Iranian Persian 3,900 1,930 1,975
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 860 430 430
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 23,265 11,255 12,015
Catalan 25 10 15
Italian 945 425 520
Portuguese 2,220 1,090 1,125
Romanian 1,980 980 995
Spanish 18,095 8,740 9,360
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Japanese 1,075 455 615
Korean 7,740 3,650 4,090
Mongolian 305 135 170
Niger-Congo languages 2,045 965 1,080
Akan (Twi) 315 155 160
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 5 5
Éwé 10 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 25
Ga 15 5 5
Ganda 15 5 10
Gikuyu 10 5 5
Igbo 195 100 100
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 80 40 45
Lingala 35 10 20
Luba-Kasai 10 0 10
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 20 10 5
Ndebele 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30
Shona 85 35 50
Soninke 10 5 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 5 5
Swahili 275 125 145
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 50 25 20
Yoruba 615 290 325
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80
Nilo-Saharan languages 700 350 350
Dinka 325 185 145
Nuer 255 110 145
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60
African, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Sign languages 380 210 165
American Sign Language 295 160 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 47,145 22,180 24,965
Chinese languages 46,220 21,715 24,505
Hakka 80 30 50
Mandarin 23,495 11,210 12,290
Min Dong 5 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 460 185 280
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 75 75
Yue (Cantonese) 21,510 9,980 11,530
Chinese, n.o.s. 500 230 270
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 910 460 455
Burmese 160 75 80
Kuki-Chin languages 85 40 45
Karenic languages 165 80 85
S'gaw Karen 125 65 60
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
Tibetan 485 250 235
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 435 205 230
Lao 175 80 95
Thai 240 110 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,135 580 560
Azerbaijani 120 55 65
Kazakh 15 10 5
Turkish 910 470 440
Uyghur 35 15 20
Uzbek 40 15 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5
Uralic languages 1,065 505 555
Estonian 5 0 5
Finnish 35 20 15
Hungarian 1,025 490 540
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Multiple responses 69,870 34,085 35,785
English and French 2,485 1,205 1,285
English and non-official language(s) 64,950 31,765 33,190
French and non-official language(s) 240 105 135
English, French and non-official language(s) 640 290 350
Multiple non-official languages 1,550 715 835
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 1,296,115 644,020 652,100
None 1,038,845 519,700 519,145
English 97,335 47,975 49,365
French 9,450 4,360 5,090
Non-official language 116,850 55,575 61,275
Indigenous39 600 265 330
Non-Indigenous 116,250 55,305 60,945
English and French 1,235 595 640
English and non-official language(s) 15,885 7,880 8,005
French and non-official language(s) 3,285 1,535 1,755
English, French and non-official language(s) 190 105 90
Multiple non-official languages 13,040 6,300 6,735
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 1,291,770 642,130 649,635
Official languages 1,259,370 628,960 630,410
English 1,258,480 628,565 629,915
French 86,135 39,155 46,980
Non-official languages 518,025 249,240 268,785
Indigenous languages39 1,600 630 965
Algonquian languages 1,045 395 650
Blackfoot 460 180 275
Cree-Innu languages 520 215 305
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 520 215 305
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 25 15 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 220 65 155
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 25 25 0
Cree, n.o.s. 235 105 130
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 10
Mi'kmaq 25 10 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120 40 85
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 120 40 85
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15 0 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 55 10 45
Ojibway, n.o.s. 50 15 30
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 225 90 135
Northern Athabaskan languages 215 85 130
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 25 15 15
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 10 0 10
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 170 70 100
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 35 10 30
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 10 30
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 30 10 20
Salish languages 20 20 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 215 115 100
Assiniboine 15 0 15
Dakota 20 20 0
Stoney 170 90 80
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 15 0 15
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 20 0 15
Non-Indigenous languages 516,570 248,665 267,905
Afro-Asiatic languages 52,310 27,045 25,265
Berber languages 275 175 95
Kabyle 165 90 70
Tamazight 80 60 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 25 10
Chadic languages 350 215 135
Hausa 340 210 135
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 85 35 45
Cushitic languages 4,685 2,455 2,225
Bilen 235 130 105
Oromo 2,085 1,115 970
Somali 2,420 1,260 1,165
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Semitic languages 48,400 24,960 23,435
Amharic 8,360 4,130 4,230
Arabic 33,325 17,480 15,845
Aramaic languages 820 480 345
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 345 210 135
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 370 210 160
Aramaic, n.o.s. 120 65 50
Harari 80 45 35
Hebrew 1,975 1,000 975
Maltese 30 15 15
Tigrigna 7,570 3,870 3,695
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 125 90 40
Austro-Asiatic languages 19,430 8,935 10,495
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,135 540 595
Vietnamese 18,090 8,270 9,820
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 270 150 120
Austronesian languages 70,310 31,065 39,240
Bikol 505 265 240
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,065 475 595
Cebuano 3,285 1,510 1,775
Fijian 90 50 40
Hiligaynon 1,265 525 735
Ilocano 6,395 2,785 3,610
Indonesian 1,175 545 635
Kankanaey 250 105 145
Kinaray-a 85 50 35
Malagasy languages 40 20 20
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 30 15 10
Malay 780 350 430
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,130 490 635
Pangasinan 460 235 225
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 66,715 29,420 37,300
Waray-Waray 390 190 200
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,700 770 925
Creole languages 1,915 975 940
Haitian Creole 540 285 255
Jamaican English Creole 135 55 80
Krio 125 60 60
Morisyen 355 170 185
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 475 275 205
Creole languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240
Dravidian languages 10,080 5,160 4,920
Kannada 1,075 550 530
Malayalam 3,775 1,935 1,840
Tamil 4,200 2,140 2,055
Telugu 2,335 1,220 1,115
Tulu 70 35 35
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Georgian 220 120 100
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 257,340 126,440 130,900
Albanian 1,825 990 840
Armenian 460 265 195
Balto-Slavic languages 34,205 16,055 18,150
Baltic languages 485 220 270
Latvian 155 65 90
Lithuanian 330 155 175
Slavic languages 33,920 15,935 17,985
Belarusian 85 30 50
Bulgarian 985 445 540
Czech 1,940 970 970
Macedonian 290 135 150
Polish 8,485 4,025 4,460
Russian 14,155 6,685 7,470
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 6,010 2,820 3,195
Bosnian 1,560 745 810
Croatian 3,010 1,400 1,615
Serbian 2,905 1,385 1,520
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 120 55 65
Slovak 1,295 590 700
Slovene (Slovenian) 280 115 165
Ukrainian 4,265 1,890 2,375
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 435 245 190
Irish 205 125 85
Scottish Gaelic 85 35 40
Welsh 135 80 60
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Germanic languages 21,235 10,295 10,935
Frisian 55 20 35
High German languages 14,220 6,860 7,360
German 13,950 6,720 7,235
Pennsylvania German 10 0 0
Swiss German 350 165 185
Yiddish 110 65 40
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5,870 2,990 2,885
Afrikaans 1,785 960 825
Dutch 3,780 1,890 1,885
Low German, n.o.s. 40 25 15
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 230 90 135
Vlaams (Flemish) 125 60 65
Scandinavian languages 1,920 895 1,030
Danish 940 480 460
Icelandic 50 15 35
Norwegian 380 165 215
Swedish 630 275 355
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Greek 2,155 1,065 1,090
Indo-Iranian languages 132,795 67,155 65,640
Indo-Aryan languages 118,560 60,020 58,540
Assamese 80 45 35
Bengali 6,005 3,015 2,990
Gujarati 10,800 5,485 5,315
Hindi 42,160 21,290 20,875
Kacchi 2,245 985 1,260
Kashmiri 190 95 95
Konkani 425 200 230
Marathi 2,245 1,150 1,095
Nepali 2,880 1,485 1,395
Oriya languages 105 45 55
Odia 15 10 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 85 40 50
Punjabi (Panjabi) 61,205 31,170 30,030
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 630 360 270
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,330 640 690
Urdu 29,980 15,280 14,705
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 1,355 730 625
Iranian languages 16,480 8,290 8,195
Baluchi 65 35 30
Kurdish 1,360 690 670
Parsi 10 10 0
Pashto 2,930 1,485 1,445
Persian languages 12,595 6,355 6,230
Dari 4,430 2,165 2,265
Iranian Persian 6,735 3,460 3,275
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,605 835 770
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 160 75 80
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75
Italic (Romance) languages 71,550 34,010 37,540
Catalan 100 45 60
Italian 8,730 4,240 4,490
Portuguese 6,170 3,070 3,100
Romanian 5,390 2,695 2,695
Spanish 54,235 25,520 28,715
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 120 75 45
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80
Japanese 4,845 2,125 2,715
Korean 11,695 5,490 6,205
Mongolian 640 300 335
Niger-Congo languages 16,975 8,610 8,365
Akan (Twi) 1,270 645 620
Bamanankan 35 20 15
Edo 310 165 145
Éwé 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 170 110 65
Ga 275 140 140
Ganda 110 60 45
Gikuyu 155 70 85
Igbo 2,800 1,465 1,335
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 295 140 150
Lingala 395 185 210
Luba-Kasai 75 25 50
Mòoré 15 10 0
Mwani 255 140 110
Ndebele 125 65 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 145 85 65
Shona 580 270 310
Soninke 20 10 10
Sotho-Tswana languages 120 60 55
Swahili 3,220 1,700 1,520
Wojenaka 35 25 10
Wolof 230 130 100
Yoruba 5,915 2,900 3,015
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,355 1,175 1,180
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,815 925 890
Dinka 815 435 380
Nuer 440 200 240
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 575 300 270
African, n.o.s. 170 80 90
Sign languages 1,775 630 1,145
American Sign Language 1,495 515 980
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 335 155 185
Sino-Tibetan languages 81,025 38,350 42,680
Chinese languages 79,265 37,475 41,795
Hakka 390 160 235
Mandarin 45,330 21,095 24,235
Min Dong 35 25 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,000 1,295
Wu (Shanghainese) 335 140 195
Yue (Cantonese) 42,090 19,730 22,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 840 395 445
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,785 885 900
Burmese 495 245 250
Kuki-Chin languages 120 60 60
Karenic languages 365 180 190
S'gaw Karen 295 145 150
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50
Tibetan 765 395 370
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 155 70 85
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages 1,640 680 955
Lao 595 300 295
Thai 1,160 445 710
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40
Turkic languages 3,420 1,785 1,635
Azerbaijani 550 285 270
Kazakh 170 75 95
Turkish 2,530 1,425 1,100
Uyghur 110 30 80
Uzbek 180 80 100
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 65
Uralic languages 3,760 1,750 2,010
Estonian 125 55 70
Finnish 360 170 190
Hungarian 3,290 1,535 1,755
Other languages, n.i.e. 485 275 210
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,291,770 642,135 649,635
Indigenous identity45 41,350 19,270 22,085
Single Indigenous responses46 39,720 18,515 21,210
First Nations (North American Indian) 18,440 8,300 10,135
Métis 20,855 9,990 10,865
Inuk (Inuit) 430 220 205
Multiple Indigenous responses47 865 385 475
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 765 365 395
Non-Indigenous identity 1,250,420 622,865 627,555
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,291,770 642,135 649,635
Registered or Treaty Indian49 14,405 6,575 7,825
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,277,370 635,560 641,810
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 502,305 ... ...
Owner 345,690 ... ...
Renter 156,615 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 502,305 ... ...
Condominium 124,190 ... ...
Not condominium 378,115 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 502,305 ... ...
No bedrooms 2,920 ... ...
1 bedroom 59,385 ... ...
2 bedrooms 116,625 ... ...
3 bedrooms 167,895 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 155,480 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 502,305 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 153,485 ... ...
5 rooms 78,585 ... ...
6 rooms 69,385 ... ...
7 rooms 59,530 ... ...
8 or more rooms 141,320 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 502,305 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 486,420 ... ...
More than one person per room 15,885 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 502,305 ... ...
Suitable 476,790 ... ...
Not suitable 25,515 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 502,305 ... ...
1960 or before 43,855 ... ...
1961 to 1980 133,035 ... ...
1981 to 1990 59,780 ... ...
1991 to 2000 75,685 ... ...
2001 to 2005 50,390 ... ...
2006 to 2010 47,665 ... ...
2011 to 2015 45,850 ... ...
2016 to 202157 46,045 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 502,305 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 479,525 ... ...
Major repairs needed 22,780 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 502,305 ... ...
One-maintainer household 242,815 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 228,860 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 30,630 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 502,305 ... ...
15 to 24 years 13,825 ... ...
25 to 34 years 83,280 ... ...
35 to 44 years 110,705 ... ...
45 to 54 years 100,130 ... ...
55 to 64 years 93,305 ... ...
65 to 74 years 62,865 ... ...
75 to 84 years 27,860 ... ...
85 years and over 10,340 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 499,855 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 385,380 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 114,470 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 102,665 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 502,305 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 150,520 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 103,650 ... ...
Not suitable only 19,875 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 14,995 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 4,215 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 6,360 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,170 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 250 ... ...
Acceptable housing 351,785 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 488,040 ... ...
In core need 49,860 ... ...
Not in core need 438,185 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 345,680 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 65.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 17.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,720 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,774 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 456,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 519,500 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 156,615 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 9.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 34.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 20.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,350 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,404 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 1,291,770 642,135 649,635
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 14,495 6,615 7,875
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 14,125 6,430 7,695
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 10,035 4,560 5,475
Métis single ancestry 3,975 1,790 2,185
Inuit single ancestry 115 75 40
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 370 190 185
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 355 180 180
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 15 15 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 34,850 16,545 18,305
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 33,825 16,090 17,740
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 19,015 9,015 10,005
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 14,490 6,925 7,565
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 320 145 170
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 1,030 460 570
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 935 420 515
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60 20 35
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 15 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 1,242,425 618,970 623,455
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 1,291,770 642,135 649,640
Canadian citizens77 1,131,540 565,050 566,495
Canadian citizens aged under 18 257,900 132,670 125,230
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 873,645 432,380 441,265
Not Canadian citizens78 160,225 77,085 83,140
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 1,291,770 642,135 649,640
Non-immigrants80 834,100 420,985 413,120
Immigrants81 430,640 207,060 223,575
Before 1980 48,430 23,310 25,115
1980 to 1990 40,330 19,730 20,600
1991 to 2000 61,465 29,575 31,890
2001 to 2010 117,055 56,175 60,875
2011 to 202182 163,365 78,275 85,095
2011 to 2015 82,050 39,320 42,735
2016 to 2021 81,315 38,960 42,360
Non-permanent residents83 27,025 14,085 12,940
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 430,640 207,065 223,575
Under 5 years 37,050 18,960 18,090
5 to 14 years 71,460 37,200 34,265
15 to 24 years 74,550 34,020 40,525
25 to 44 years 204,525 97,045 107,480
45 years and over 43,060 19,840 23,220
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 430,640 207,065 223,575
Americas 44,125 20,585 23,540
Brazil 2,010 890 1,120
Colombia 5,865 2,710 3,160
El Salvador 2,425 1,135 1,290
Guyana 740 340 400
Haiti 510 295 220
Jamaica 3,135 1,475 1,660
Mexico 4,895 2,410 2,480
Peru 1,070 470 595
Trinidad and Tobago 1,315 620 695
United States of America 10,895 4,960 5,935
Other places of birth in Americas 11,260 5,275 5,985
Europe 68,740 34,275 34,465
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,000 960 1,045
Croatia 1,330 620 705
France 1,265 645 620
Germany 4,685 2,155 2,525
Greece 865 455 415
Hungary 1,550 740 815
Italy 3,075 1,590 1,490
Netherlands 2,620 1,375 1,245
Poland 5,890 2,750 3,140
Portugal 990 505 485
Romania 4,025 2,030 1,995
Russian Federation 4,210 1,785 2,430
Serbia86 980 460 515
Ukraine 3,035 1,385 1,655
United Kingdom87 20,420 10,815 9,600
Other places of birth in Europe 11,795 6,010 5,780
Africa 51,610 26,045 25,560
Algeria 630 310 315
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 855 425 435
Egypt 3,320 1,745 1,575
Eritrea 4,720 2,465 2,250
Ethiopia 7,090 3,435 3,655
Morocco 870 445 425
Nigeria 12,450 6,340 6,110
Somalia 1,580 775 805
South Africa, Republic of 3,095 1,620 1,480
Other places of birth in Africa 17,005 8,480 8,525
Asia 262,700 124,535 138,160
Afghanistan 3,980 1,970 2,010
Iran88 5,515 2,865 2,650
Iraq 3,935 1,990 1,950
Lebanon 4,095 2,205 1,890
Syria89 4,340 2,280 2,060
Turkey 1,085 540 545
China90 36,245 16,615 19,625
Hong Kong91 10,775 5,180 5,595
Korea, South92 8,215 3,835 4,375
Taiwan 2,110 885 1,220
Philippines 65,430 29,000 36,430
Viet Nam 15,395 6,875 8,525
Bangladesh 3,510 1,785 1,725
India 56,510 28,275 28,240
Pakistan 18,375 9,305 9,070
Sri Lanka 1,820 900 925
Other places of birth in Asia 21,375 10,040 11,335
Oceania and other places of birth93 3,470 1,630 1,840
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 81,315 38,960 42,360
Americas 7,550 3,475 4,070
Brazil 840 355 490
Colombia 615 245 370
Haiti 105 55 45
Jamaica 475 215 255
Mexico 1,265 645 615
United States of America 2,130 1,000 1,130
Venezuela95 885 390 500
Other places of birth in Americas 1,245 570 675
Europe 6,505 3,340 3,170
France 200 95 105
Germany 225 105 120
Ireland96 470 315 160
Italy 260 160 105
Russian Federation 635 235 405
Ukraine 680 295 385
United Kingdom87 1,420 805 610
Other places of birth in Europe 2,615 1,330 1,290
Africa 15,065 7,475 7,590
Algeria 60 15 50
Burundi 40 15 25
Cameroon 380 170 210
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 155 85 75
Côte d'Ivoire 55 30 20
Egypt 595 300 300
Eritrea 2,525 1,325 1,195
Ethiopia 1,845 880 965
Morocco 210 95 110
Nigeria 5,885 2,895 2,990
Somalia 310 140 170
South Africa, Republic of 650 360 295
Sudan97 445 215 225
Tunisia 95 65 30
Other places of birth in Africa 1,815 895 920
Asia 51,570 24,320 27,250
Afghanistan 845 405 435
Bangladesh 630 310 320
China90 5,520 2,410 3,115
Hong Kong91 310 120 190
India 14,070 7,095 6,970
Iran88 865 415 445
Iraq 945 440 505
Israel 340 185 150
Japan 170 25 140
Jordan 165 90 70
Korea, South92 1,740 740 1,000
Lebanon 425 215 210
Nepal 460 235 230
Pakistan 2,315 1,130 1,185
Philippines 15,485 7,055 8,435
Saudi Arabia 265 160 105
Sri Lanka 145 75 70
Syria89 3,070 1,630 1,445
Turkey 405 175 225
United Arab Emirates 360 200 165
Viet Nam 955 310 640
Other places of birth in Asia 2,090 885 1,205
Oceania and other93 620 345 280
Australia 435 230 205
Other places of birth98 185 115 75
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 1,291,770 642,130 649,635
First generation100 471,470 228,280 243,195
Second generation101 281,465 142,090 139,380
Third generation or more102 538,830 271,765 267,065
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 382,215 183,750 198,460
Economic immigrants104 215,420 108,005 107,410
Principal applicants105 88,050 52,955 35,090
Secondary applicants106 127,375 55,055 72,315
Immigrants sponsored by family107 107,140 43,925 63,210
Refugees108 55,735 29,885 25,845
Other immigrants109 3,920 1,925 1,990
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 382,215 183,750 198,460
Asylum claim before admission111 13,615 7,955 5,660
Work permits only before admission112 46,635 20,170 26,460
Study permits only before admission113 9,450 4,855 4,595
Work and study permits before admission114 22,045 11,495 10,545
Other permits before admission115 1,375 605 770
No pre-admission experience116 289,095 138,665 150,425
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 1,291,770 642,135 649,635
Total visible minority population118 534,695 262,355 272,340
South Asian 141,660 71,810 69,845
Chinese 91,410 44,315 47,095
Black 70,680 35,655 35,020
Filipino 84,215 38,660 45,550
Arab 30,735 16,175 14,560
Latin American 31,855 15,340 16,520
Southeast Asian 26,395 12,300 14,095
West Asian 15,150 7,705 7,440
Korean 12,380 5,945 6,430
Japanese 5,825 2,530 3,295
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 5,445 2,710 2,740
Multiple visible minorities 18,955 9,210 9,745
Not a visible minority120 757,075 379,775 377,295
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 1,291,770 642,135 649,635
Canadian 125,490 65,430 60,065
English 205,980 102,400 103,575
Irish 153,865 74,665 79,195
Scottish 177,490 87,675 89,815
French, n.o.s.122 79,635 39,135 40,500
German 146,970 72,775 74,190
Chinese 96,180 46,325 49,860
Italian 36,235 18,060 18,175
Indian (India) 71,115 35,960 35,155
Ukrainian 69,030 33,640 35,390
Dutch 38,505 19,070 19,430
Polish 42,735 20,560 22,175
Québécois 1,580 785 795
British Isles, n.o.s.123 41,520 20,955 20,570
Filipino 79,200 36,580 42,625
French Canadian 9,130 4,545 4,590
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 20,860 10,850 10,005
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 12,415 5,805 6,615
Métis 19,805 9,345 10,460
European, n.o.s.126 22,790 11,410 11,380
Russian 28,470 13,255 15,215
Norwegian 32,675 15,535 17,140
Welsh 21,030 9,965 11,065
Portuguese 6,770 3,400 3,370
American 18,030 8,720 9,310
Spanish 17,085 7,820 9,265
Swedish 20,940 10,255 10,685
Hungarian 16,335 7,965 8,375
Acadian 2,935 1,520 1,415
Pakistani 22,800 11,565 11,240
African, n.o.s.127 13,470 6,635 6,830
Jewish 6,595 3,345 3,250
Punjabi 18,050 9,135 8,920
Vietnamese 21,145 9,890 11,255
Arab, n.o.s.128 10,585 5,620 4,965
Greek 5,540 2,865 2,680
Jamaican 5,860 2,915 2,950
Asian, n.o.s.129 14,510 6,955 7,555
Cree, n.o.s.130 5,915 2,675 3,240
Korean 12,445 5,920 6,525
Romanian 10,540 4,990 5,545
Lebanese 11,360 5,955 5,405
Iranian 6,105 3,130 2,975
Christian, n.i.e.131 4,815 2,325 2,490
Danish 14,575 7,305 7,270
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 4,225 2,020 2,200
Sikh 14,120 7,270 6,850
Austrian 10,255 5,080 5,175
Belgian 5,295 2,545 2,755
Haitian 930 475 455
Hindu 8,550 4,305 4,245
Mexican 7,685 3,755 3,930
Mennonite 3,750 1,840 1,910
Swiss 5,765 2,795 2,965
Finnish 5,250 2,540 2,705
Sri Lankan 1,865 925 940
Croatian 5,170 2,540 2,635
Japanese 7,785 3,465 4,320
South Asian, n.o.s.133 4,655 2,305 2,345
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,330 620 705
Northern European, n.o.s.135 6,340 3,050 3,290
Muslim 6,060 3,145 2,915
Egyptian 4,610 2,475 2,135
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 5,960 2,910 3,050
Tamil 1,370 710 665
Icelandic 6,025 3,195 2,830
Colombian 6,420 3,075 3,345
Moroccan 880 425 460
Czech 6,295 3,085 3,215
Syrian 4,215 2,150 2,065
Guyanese 1,210 595 615
Afghan 6,465 3,170 3,290
Black, n.o.s.137 2,530 1,325 1,205
Serbian 3,125 1,485 1,635
Ojibway 1,165 595 575
Newfoundlander 1,500 795 705
Hong Konger 3,940 1,925 2,015
Ontarian 1,030 470 565
Persian 2,700 1,440 1,260
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,495 745 750
Turkish 2,610 1,435 1,175
Inuit, n.o.s.138 520 265 255
Bangladeshi 3,570 1,810 1,765
Algerian 645 320 320
Brazilian 2,555 1,260 1,290
Nigerian 8,120 4,145 3,975
Armenian 925 495 430
Slovak 3,520 1,750 1,770
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 2,620 1,220 1,400