Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Saskatoon, City (CY)More information:
Saskatchewan
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 266,141 ... ...
Population, 20161 247,201r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.7 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 115,619 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 107,052 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,174.7 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 226.56 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 266,145 130,760 135,385
0 to 14 years 48,690 25,175 23,520
0 to 4 years 15,755 8,160 7,585
5 to 9 years 16,890 8,710 8,180
10 to 14 years 16,055 8,305 7,750
15 to 64 years 176,970 88,085 88,890
15 to 19 years 15,260 7,875 7,380
20 to 24 years 19,595 9,785 9,810
25 to 29 years 20,215 10,135 10,080
30 to 34 years 21,655 10,760 10,895
35 to 39 years 20,720 10,230 10,490
40 to 44 years 18,080 9,080 9,005
45 to 49 years 15,540 7,735 7,805
50 to 54 years 14,610 7,270 7,335
55 to 59 years 15,965 7,845 8,120
60 to 64 years 15,325 7,365 7,965
65 years and over 40,475 17,500 22,975
65 to 69 years 12,955 6,155 6,805
70 to 74 years 9,785 4,460 5,325
75 to 79 years 6,485 2,915 3,565
80 to 84 years 4,885 1,960 2,925
85 years and over 6,370 2,010 4,360
85 to 89 years 3,890 1,340 2,550
90 to 94 years 1,875 540 1,340
95 to 99 years 515 115 400
100 years and over 90 15 80
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.3 17.4
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.4 65.7
65 years and over 15.2 13.4 17.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.5 3.2
Average age of the population 38.8 37.5 39.9
Median age of the population 36.8 35.6 38.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 107,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 58,315 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,975 ... ...
Row house 7,435 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,545 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 25,635 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,720 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 380 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 107,050 ... ...
1 person 31,670 ... ...
2 persons 35,800 ... ...
3 persons 15,770 ... ...
4 persons 14,395 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,420 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 260,955 128,330 132,625
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 217,450 105,580 111,870
Married or living common-law 119,875 59,925 59,950
Married 99,615 49,750 49,865
Living common-law 20,260 10,175 10,080
Living common law - Never married 15,910 8,045 7,865
Living common law - Separated 600 285 315
Living common law - Divorced 3,370 1,690 1,680
Living common law - Widowed 380 160 220
Not married and not living common-law 97,575 45,660 51,920
Not married and not living common law - Never married 69,180 36,625 32,560
Not married and not living common law - Separated 4,810 2,035 2,770
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 13,055 4,980 8,070
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 10,530 2,015 8,515
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 70,400 ... ...
2 persons 35,070 ... ...
3 persons 14,575 ... ...
4 persons 13,720 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,040 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 70,400 ... ...
Total couple families 58,405 ... ...
Married couples 48,275 ... ...
With children6 27,050 ... ...
Without children 21,225 ... ...
Common-law couples 10,130 ... ...
With children6 3,285 ... ...
Without children 6,840 ... ...
Total one-parent families 12,000 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 9,365 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 2,625 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 260,955 128,330 132,625
Total - Persons in census families 206,645 102,335 104,315
Married spouses or common-law partners 116,805 58,405 58,400
Parents in one-parent families 11,995 2,630 9,370
Children6 77,840 41,305 36,540
In a two-parent family 58,335 30,775 27,565
In a one-parent family 19,500 10,525 8,975
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 54,310 25,995 28,315
Living alone 31,675 13,810 17,860
Living with other relatives7 7,535 3,580 3,950
Living with non-relatives only 15,105 8,600 6,500
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 107,055 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 62,180 ... ...
Couple-family households 53,015 ... ...
With children6 27,505 ... ...
Without children 25,515 ... ...
One-parent-family households 9,165 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 2,130 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 585 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 3,685 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 6,800 ... ...
One-person households 31,670 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 212,510 103,335 109,175
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 203,480 98,770 104,715
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,200 48,400 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 203,595 98,825 104,770
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 42,800 36,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 184,820 91,015 93,805
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,600 45,200 31,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 153,025 77,755 75,270
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,400 44,800 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 181,965 86,490 95,475
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,850 5,720 9,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 21,015 10,240 10,780
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,520 5,520 5,520
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 58,345 27,950 30,395
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 212,515 103,335 109,180
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 203,595 98,740 104,855
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,700 62,150 47,680
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 203,700 98,790 104,915
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,960 50,960 41,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 184,960 90,850 94,105
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,280 59,200 41,680
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 153,025 77,535 75,490
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,240 56,900 41,320
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 181,965 86,425 95,540
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,100 8,800 11,270
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 20,775 9,985 10,790
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,860 6,390 7,290
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 58,275 27,975 30,295
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,720 8,580 8,840
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 212,510 103,330 109,180
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 72,435 39,965 32,470
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 65,000 70,500 59,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 74,800 82,400 65,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 62,510 28,815 33,700
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,000 20,000 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,440 32,600 24,880
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.6 87.6 78.4
Employment income (%)19 67.6 71.8 62.4
Government transfers (%)20 16.5 12.4 21.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.0 1.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.2 4.3 6.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.6 3.9 5.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 212,515 103,330 109,180
Without total income 9,025 4,565 4,460
With total income 203,485 98,765 104,715
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,860 7,215 8,650
$10,000 to $19,999 21,140 9,135 12,000
$20,000 to $29,999 30,425 12,760 17,670
$30,000 to $39,999 26,495 11,395 15,095
$40,000 to $49,999 23,350 10,325 13,030
$50,000 to $59,999 19,105 8,975 10,130
$60,000 to $69,999 15,400 7,915 7,485
$70,000 to $79,999 12,165 6,580 5,580
$80,000 to $89,999 9,625 5,300 4,325
$90,000 to $99,999 7,520 4,185 3,335
$100,000 and over 22,400 14,985 7,415
$100,000 to $149,999 14,750 9,395 5,355
$150,000 and over 7,655 5,590 2,065
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 212,515 103,330 109,180
Without after-tax income 8,915 4,510 4,410
With after-tax income 203,595 98,825 104,775
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,545 7,470 9,070
$10,000 to $19,999 22,235 9,580 12,655
$20,000 to $29,999 34,820 14,900 19,915
$30,000 to $39,999 31,225 13,690 17,535
$40,000 to $49,999 27,085 12,545 14,540
$50,000 to $59,999 21,120 10,695 10,430
$60,000 to $69,999 15,580 8,385 7,195
$70,000 to $79,999 11,540 6,270 5,270
$80,000 to $89,999 7,095 4,100 2,995
$90,000 to $99,999 4,555 2,805 1,745
$100,000 and over 11,790 8,370 3,420
$100,000 to $124,999 5,930 4,120 1,815
$125,000 and over 5,865 4,255 1,605
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 212,515 103,330 109,180
Without employment income 59,490 25,575 33,910
With employment income 153,020 77,760 75,265
Under $5,000 (including loss) 20,070 9,140 10,925
$5,000 to $9,999 12,495 5,445 7,050
$10,000 to $19,999 18,170 8,215 9,955
$20,000 to $29,999 14,045 6,510 7,530
$30,000 to $39,999 13,955 6,325 7,630
$40,000 to $49,999 13,200 6,385 6,820
$50,000 to $59,999 12,030 6,120 5,915
$60,000 to $69,999 10,470 5,675 4,795
$70,000 to $79,999 8,600 4,775 3,825
$80,000 to $89,999 7,420 4,165 3,255
$90,000 to $99,999 5,895 3,365 2,530
$100,000 and over 16,670 11,635 5,040
$100,000 to $124,999 7,720 4,895 2,825
$125,000 and over 8,950 6,740 2,210
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 212,510 103,335 109,175
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 198,570 96,165 102,405
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,600 48,000 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 198,625 96,175 102,450
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 42,400 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 181,570 89,285 92,285
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800 46,800 32,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 151,775 77,030 74,745
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 46,000 33,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 171,400 81,400 90,000
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,980 1,140 4,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 15,600 7,735 7,870
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,880 5,520 6,360
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 212,515 103,335 109,180
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 198,700 96,155 102,545
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,250 61,550 45,440
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 198,770 96,160 102,605
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,360 50,080 39,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 181,850 89,225 92,625
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,750 61,250 42,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 152,175 76,965 75,210
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,080 58,150 41,840
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 171,615 81,555 90,060
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,800 5,560 7,920
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 15,565 7,860 7,710
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,610 6,610 8,630
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 212,510 103,330 109,180
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 71,910 39,730 32,180
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 61,200 67,500 55,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 70,800 78,600 61,300
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 58,625 26,860 31,765
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,800 27,200 21,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,640 40,480 29,720
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 89.0 92.4 84.6
Employment income (%) 72.0 75.6 67.6
Government transfers (%) 11.0 7.7 15.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.9 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 107,050 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 74,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 31,670 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 75,380 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 107,055 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 87,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 31,630 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 54,450 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,920 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 75,420 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 124,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 104,900 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 107,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,150 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 640 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,125 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,915 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,950 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,395 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,780 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,940 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,920 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,895 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,655 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,330 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,815 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,145 ... ...
$100,000 and over 43,950 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,685 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,430 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,660 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,175 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 107,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,285 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 650 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,170 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,980 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,315 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,970 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,945 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,670 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,560 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,690 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,410 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,870 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,390 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,405 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,015 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,990 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,755 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,270 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 70,585 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 93,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 26,380 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 30,420 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 115,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 11,150 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 46,775 22,415 24,360
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,600 40,800 38,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,000 36,800 35,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 70,545 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 125,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 105,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 26,335 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 119,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 98,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 30,510 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 150,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 125,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,130 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 46,745 22,510 24,235
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 49,000 50,840 47,320
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 41,760 42,600 41,000
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 260,955 128,330 132,625
0 to 17 years 57,210 29,565 27,640
0 to 5 years 19,010 9,800 9,210
18 to 64 years 166,230 82,125 84,110
65 years and over 37,515 16,640 20,880
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 30,675 14,325 16,345
0 to 17 years 9,000 4,705 4,295
0 to 5 years 3,010 1,520 1,485
18 to 64 years 17,205 8,140 9,070
65 years and over 4,470 1,485 2,985
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.8 11.2 12.3
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.9 15.5
0 to 5 years (%) 15.8 15.5 16.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 9.9 10.8
65 years and over (%) 11.9 8.9 14.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 260,955 128,330 132,625
0 to 17 years 57,205 29,570 27,640
0 to 5 years 19,015 9,805 9,215
18 to 64 years 166,235 82,120 84,110
65 years and over 37,515 16,635 20,875
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 13,685 7,135 6,550
0 to 17 years 3,285 1,720 1,565
0 to 5 years 1,030 530 505
18 to 64 years 9,775 5,145 4,635
65 years and over 625 270 355
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2 5.6 4.9
0 to 17 years (%) 5.7 5.8 5.7
0 to 5 years (%) 5.4 5.4 5.5
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 6.3 5.5
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.6 1.7
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 260,955 128,330 132,625
In bottom half of the distribution 131,845 63,165 68,675
In bottom decile 29,255 14,190 15,065
In second decile 26,040 11,990 14,045
In third decile 25,735 12,250 13,490
In fourth decile 25,505 12,345 13,155
In fifth decile 25,315 12,390 12,920
In top half of the distribution 129,115 65,165 63,950
In sixth decile 25,250 12,525 12,720
In seventh decile 25,830 12,900 12,925
In eighth decile 26,470 13,355 13,115
In ninth decile 26,375 13,435 12,945
In top decile 25,185 12,940 12,245
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 260,955 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.334 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.439 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.295 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.9 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 262,570 128,870 133,705
English only 241,760 119,625 122,135
French only 110 55 55
English and French 17,005 7,550 9,455
Neither English nor French 3,700 1,640 2,055
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 262,570 128,870 133,705
English 255,455 125,635 129,825
French 2,805 1,300 1,500
English and French 760 370 390
Neither English nor French 3,550 1,565 1,985
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 262,570 128,870 133,705
Single responses 252,675 124,090 128,585
Official languages 201,460 99,220 102,240
English 198,440 97,825 100,615
French 3,020 1,395 1,625
Non-official languages 51,215 24,865 26,345
Indigenous languages39 1,345 550 795
Algonquian languages 1,065 430 635
Blackfoot 5 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 945 385 565
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 945 385 565
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 0 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 25 15 15
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 285 120 165
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 75 20 50
Cree, n.o.s. 560 230 330
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 110 45 70
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0
Ojibway languages 110 45 65
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 85 35 55
Ojibway, n.o.s. 15 10 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 225 95 135
Northern Athabaskan languages 225 95 135
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 225 95 135
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 35 15 20
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 15 5 5
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 10 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 49,870 24,315 25,555
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,950 1,995 1,955
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 25 15 10
Hausa 25 10 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 360 175 190
Bilen 30 15 15
Oromo 60 35 30
Somali 205 95 115
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35
Semitic languages 3,560 1,810 1,750
Amharic 170 80 95
Arabic 2,320 1,205 1,120
Aramaic languages 615 305 315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 320 160 160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 250 115 135
Aramaic, n.o.s. 45 25 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 5 15
Maltese 5 0 5
Tigrigna 410 210 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,590 750 835
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 40
Vietnamese 1,515 715 800
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 8,995 4,190 4,805
Bikol 40 20 20
Bisaya, n.o.s. 170 80 85
Cebuano 455 200 255
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 115 55 60
Ilocano 350 155 190
Indonesian 45 20 25
Kankanaey 35 10 20
Kinaray-a 5 0 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35
Pangasinan 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,535 3,525 4,010
Waray-Waray 30 15 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 65
Creole languages 55 30 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 0 5
Morisyen 30 15 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Dravidian languages 870 450 425
Kannada 55 30 30
Malayalam 480 255 230
Tamil 180 90 95
Telugu 145 75 70
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 24,210 11,925 12,285
Albanian 65 35 35
Armenian 95 50 50
Balto-Slavic languages 4,455 1,970 2,490
Baltic languages 25 10 15
Latvian 15 5 10
Lithuanian 10 5 5
Slavic languages 4,425 1,955 2,475
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 30 10 15
Czech 50 25 25
Macedonian 45 20 20
Polish 460 195 265
Russian 810 365 445
Rusyn 35 20 20
Serbo-Croatian 455 230 220
Bosnian 125 60 65
Croatian 140 70 75
Serbian 180 105 80
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Slovak 15 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10
Ukrainian 2,515 1,080 1,435
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10
Irish 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,715 1,170 1,545
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,780 755 1,025
German 1,745 735 1,015
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 10 10
Yiddish 10 5 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 785 355 430
Afrikaans 180 95 85
Dutch 235 115 125
Low German, n.o.s. 50 15 35
Low Saxon 15 5 10
Plautdietsch 290 125 170
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15
Scandinavian languages 150 55 90
Danish 50 30 25
Icelandic 10 5 0
Norwegian 60 15 40
Swedish 30 10 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 185 90 90
Indo-Iranian languages 13,460 7,030 6,430
Indo-Aryan languages 12,110 6,315 5,800
Assamese 5 0 0
Bengali 2,175 1,130 1,050
Gujarati 1,620 890 735
Hindi 870 500 375
Kacchi 0 0 5
Kashmiri 10 5 0
Konkani 5 0 0
Marathi 90 50 40
Nepali 330 175 155
Oriya languages 25 15 5
Odia 25 15 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,085 1,605 1,485
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 105 65 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 95 115
Urdu 3,530 1,765 1,770
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Iranian languages 1,350 715 630
Baluchi 70 35 35
Kurdish 95 55 45
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 255 145 110
Persian languages 920 475 445
Dari 160 85 75
Iranian Persian 665 340 320
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 90 50 45
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 3,215 1,575 1,645
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 190 95 100
Portuguese 550 245 305
Romanian 330 165 160
Spanish 2,145 1,065 1,080
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Japanese 105 35 70
Korean 450 190 260
Mongolian 45 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 1,165 590 575
Akan (Twi) 105 55 50
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 10 5 5
Éwé 15 10 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0
Ga 10 5 5
Ganda 5 0 5
Gikuyu 5 0 0
Igbo 125 65 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 25 30
Lingala 5 0 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 10 5 5
Ndebele 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 30 40
Shona 45 20 25
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 5 5
Swahili 170 85 85
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 355 190 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 80 80
Nilo-Saharan languages 205 105 95
Dinka 65 40 25
Nuer 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45
African, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Sign languages 80 40 45
American Sign Language 60 25 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,455 3,655 3,800
Chinese languages 7,120 3,485 3,635
Hakka 15 5 5
Mandarin 5,080 2,480 2,600
Min Dong 5 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 35 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15
Yue (Cantonese) 1,820 895 925
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 50
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 165 165
Burmese 85 45 40
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 230 115 120
S'gaw Karen 200 100 100
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Tibetan 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 155 65 85
Lao 105 55 60
Thai 45 20 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 230 120 110
Azerbaijani 25 15 10
Kazakh 5 5 5
Turkish 165 85 75
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 25 10 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Uralic languages 310 155 155
Estonian 15 5 10
Finnish 30 10 20
Hungarian 270 140 130
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Multiple responses 9,900 4,785 5,110
English and French 1,055 485 570
English and non-official language(s) 7,770 3,795 3,975
French and non-official language(s) 105 50 55
English, French and non-official language(s) 175 80 95
Multiple non-official languages 785 375 415
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 262,570 128,870 133,705
English 204,355 100,405 103,945
French 535 265 270
Non-official language 14,120 6,995 7,125
Indigenous39 155 65 85
Non-Indigenous 13,970 6,925 7,035
English and French 2,475 1,120 1,355
English and non-official language(s) 38,290 18,735 19,550
French and non-official language(s) 85 40 45
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,010 475 530
Multiple non-official languages 1,710 830 875
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 262,570 128,870 133,705
Single responses 252,295 123,890 128,410
Official languages 220,835 108,205 112,625
English 219,995 107,790 112,205
French 840 420 420
Non-official languages 31,465 15,680 15,780
Indigenous languages39 320 130 185
Algonquian languages 235 95 140
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 220 90 130
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 220 90 130
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 70 30 40
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 20 5 15
Cree, n.o.s. 125 55 75
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 5 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 10 0 5
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 70 30 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 70 30 40
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 70 30 40
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 31,145 15,550 15,600
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,580 1,260 1,325
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 235 110 125
Bilen 20 10 10
Oromo 40 15 20
Somali 120 55 65
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30
Semitic languages 2,340 1,145 1,190
Amharic 110 55 50
Arabic 1,525 755 770
Aramaic languages 420 195 225
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 215 90 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 185 85 100
Aramaic, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 270 130 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,210 590 625
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15
Vietnamese 1,185 580 605
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5,785 2,780 3,000
Bikol 20 5 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 75 40 30
Cebuano 275 130 145
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 80 40 40
Ilocano 190 90 95
Indonesian 20 5 5
Kankanaey 15 10 5
Kinaray-a 15 5 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,995 2,390 2,605
Waray-Waray 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30
Creole languages 20 10 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 15 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 565 305 260
Kannada 25 10 10
Malayalam 330 185 150
Tamil 120 55 60
Telugu 90 50 40
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 13,935 7,160 6,780
Albanian 30 10 10
Armenian 50 25 25
Balto-Slavic languages 1,640 820 815
Baltic languages 10 5 5
Latvian 5 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,630 815 815
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 20 10 5
Czech 10 10 5
Macedonian 25 15 10
Polish 160 70 90
Russian 520 255 260
Rusyn 20 10 10
Serbo-Croatian 205 95 105
Bosnian 50 20 30
Croatian 40 20 25
Serbian 115 60 50
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Slovak 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 665 345 320
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 280 150 130
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 145 75 75
German 145 75 70
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 115 70 50
Afrikaans 95 55 40
Dutch 15 10 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 5 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 0
Swedish 10 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 70 25 40
Indo-Iranian languages 10,085 5,240 4,845
Indo-Aryan languages 9,125 4,745 4,380
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 1,635 855 780
Gujarati 1,290 695 595
Hindi 575 320 250
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 60 30 30
Nepali 235 130 110
Oriya languages 5 0 0
Odia 5 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,545 1,295 1,245
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 80 45 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 65
Urdu 2,560 1,315 1,245
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Iranian languages 960 495 465
Baluchi 45 20 20
Kurdish 65 35 35
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 170 95 75
Persian languages 675 340 335
Dari 85 40 45
Iranian Persian 525 270 260
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 60 30 35
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,785 885 900
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 50 25 25
Portuguese 300 145 155
Romanian 175 90 80
Spanish 1,265 625 635
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 40 15 20
Korean 310 140 170
Mongolian 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 430 205 225
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 20 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15
Lingala 5 0 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20
Shona 10 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 75 35 40
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 150 70 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 45 40
Dinka 25 20 10
Nuer 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25
African, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Sign languages 125 70 55
American Sign Language 95 55 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,770 2,845 2,930
Chinese languages 5,505 2,705 2,805
Hakka 5 5 5
Mandarin 4,195 2,075 2,120
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 10
Yue (Cantonese) 1,175 560 615
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 35 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 265 140 130
Burmese 70 35 30
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 190 95 90
S'gaw Karen 165 85 80
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 40
Lao 50 30 30
Thai 15 5 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 115 60 55
Azerbaijani 15 10 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 85 45 40
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 80 35 40
Estonian 5 5 5
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 70 30 35
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Multiple responses 10,270 4,985 5,290
English and French 410 180 235
English and non-official language(s) 9,440 4,605 4,840
French and non-official language(s) 45 25 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 115 55 60
Multiple non-official languages 260 125 135
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 262,570 128,870 133,705
None 227,275 111,665 115,610
English 13,200 6,610 6,595
French 2,090 945 1,150
Non-official language 14,845 7,050 7,795
Indigenous39 1,080 450 625
Non-Indigenous 13,765 6,600 7,170
English and French 145 75 70
English and non-official language(s) 2,795 1,415 1,375
French and non-official language(s) 440 200 240
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 1,765 900 860
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 260,955 128,325 132,625
Official languages 257,270 126,745 130,525
English 257,180 126,695 130,485
French 16,990 7,305 9,690
Non-official languages 68,685 33,570 35,115
Indigenous languages39 2,485 1,015 1,470
Algonquian languages 2,035 850 1,185
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,865 760 1,105
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,865 760 1,105
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 30 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 805 310 485
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 170 85 85
Cree, n.o.s. 860 340 520
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 220 100 120
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 215 95 120
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 170 65 100
Ojibway, n.o.s. 45 25 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 350 115 230
Northern Athabaskan languages 350 115 230
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 350 115 230
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 100 35 75
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 55 40 15
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 25 20 10
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 66,260 32,565 33,695
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,620 2,880 2,740
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 125 70 60
Hausa 110 60 55
Mina 15 10 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 460 235 225
Bilen 10 10 10
Oromo 85 45 40
Somali 235 120 110
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65
Semitic languages 5,175 2,660 2,520
Amharic 415 215 195
Arabic 3,820 1,975 1,840
Aramaic languages 1,015 485 530
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 550 260 295
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 495 235 260
Aramaic, n.o.s. 45 25 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 130 70 60
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 555 280 275
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 55 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,055 1,025 1,030
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 55 35
Vietnamese 1,960 965 990
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 12,465 5,900 6,560
Bikol 95 35 55
Bisaya, n.o.s. 255 95 155
Cebuano 605 265 340
Fijian 10 10 0
Hiligaynon 160 75 80
Ilocano 805 380 430
Indonesian 140 55 85
Kankanaey 120 45 75
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 35 15 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 140 70 70
Pangasinan 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 12,050 5,710 6,340
Waray-Waray 45 15 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 350 140 210
Creole languages 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 10 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 40 25 15
Krio 20 15 0
Morisyen 160 75 90
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70 25 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30
Dravidian languages 1,495 800 695
Kannada 130 70 60
Malayalam 770 410 360
Tamil 470 255 215
Telugu 335 190 150
Tulu 10 0 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 32,610 16,260 16,350
Albanian 40 20 25
Armenian 70 25 45
Balto-Slavic languages 5,720 2,495 3,230
Baltic languages 50 20 25
Latvian 25 10 15
Lithuanian 20 15 10
Slavic languages 5,700 2,490 3,210
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 70 35 35
Czech 60 35 25
Macedonian 85 40 40
Polish 625 265 360
Russian 1,890 910 980
Rusyn 80 35 50
Serbo-Croatian 670 340 330
Bosnian 210 100 110
Croatian 300 155 150
Serbian 375 210 175
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 25
Ukrainian 3,415 1,415 1,995
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 25 15
Irish 20 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Germanic languages 3,705 1,740 1,965
Frisian 10 10 0
High German languages 2,545 1,195 1,345
German 2,515 1,180 1,335
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 0 15
Yiddish 20 10 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,005 515 490
Afrikaans 335 190 145
Dutch 275 155 120
Low German, n.o.s. 60 10 50
Low Saxon 15 10 0
Plautdietsch 330 155 175
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10
Scandinavian languages 305 110 200
Danish 75 35 40
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 165 65 100
Swedish 95 30 60
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 345 170 175
Indo-Iranian languages 17,550 9,335 8,215
Indo-Aryan languages 16,225 8,625 7,600
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 2,450 1,300 1,145
Gujarati 2,450 1,385 1,065
Hindi 5,520 3,020 2,505
Kacchi 15 10 10
Kashmiri 15 10 0
Konkani 15 0 10
Marathi 210 115 95
Nepali 540 280 260
Oriya languages 40 25 15
Odia 25 20 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,215 2,750 2,470
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 200 105 95
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 280 110 170
Urdu 5,800 3,000 2,795
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30
Iranian languages 1,720 920 800
Baluchi 170 100 65
Kurdish 85 50 40
Parsi 10 0 10
Pashto 445 250 195
Persian languages 1,125 580 540
Dari 250 145 110
Iranian Persian 780 395 390
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 100 50 45
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Italic (Romance) languages 5,915 2,860 3,055
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 535 280 250
Portuguese 705 365 345
Romanian 410 205 210
Spanish 4,555 2,175 2,380
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 520 270 250
Korean 505 210 295
Mongolian 35 10 30
Niger-Congo languages 2,695 1,380 1,310
Akan (Twi) 230 110 120
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 10 0
Éwé 35 10 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 20 20
Ga 35 20 15
Ganda 35 0 30
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 435 200 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 40
Lingala 35 20 15
Luba-Kasai 15 10 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 30 15 10
Ndebele 35 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 80 55
Shona 80 40 40
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 325 180 145
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 10 0
Yoruba 1,075 580 490
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 410 195 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 275 140 135
Dinka 90 45 45
Nuer 60 25 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 70 60
African, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Sign languages 545 230 315
American Sign Language 480 205 275
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 35 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,530 4,135 4,395
Chinese languages 8,080 3,885 4,200
Hakka 40 10 30
Mandarin 6,290 3,030 3,260
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 70 85
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 20 10
Yue (Cantonese) 2,370 1,115 1,255
Chinese, n.o.s. 120 60 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 435 245 195
Burmese 150 90 60
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 285 150 135
S'gaw Karen 245 125 125
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Tibetan 20 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0
Tai-Kadai languages 220 120 105
Lao 115 65 50
Thai 120 65 50
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 420 220 200
Azerbaijani 70 40 30
Kazakh 40 15 25
Turkish 310 165 150
Uyghur 25 0 15
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 295 140 155
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 30 10 15
Hungarian 260 125 140
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 260,955 128,330 132,630
Indigenous identity45 29,885 14,210 15,675
Single Indigenous responses46 29,015 13,775 15,240
First Nations (North American Indian) 15,735 7,300 8,435
Métis 13,170 6,415 6,760
Inuk (Inuit) 110 60 50
Multiple Indigenous responses47 610 305 305
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 255 125 125
Non-Indigenous identity 231,070 114,115 116,955
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 260,955 128,330 132,630
Registered or Treaty Indian49 14,265 6,550 7,715
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 246,690 121,775 124,910
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 107,055 ... ...
Owner 69,520 ... ...
Renter 37,530 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 107,055 ... ...
Condominium 23,240 ... ...
Not condominium 83,815 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 107,055 ... ...
No bedrooms 740 ... ...
1 bedroom 12,810 ... ...
2 bedrooms 27,875 ... ...
3 bedrooms 32,230 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 33,400 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 107,055 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 32,350 ... ...
5 rooms 16,260 ... ...
6 rooms 13,695 ... ...
7 rooms 12,305 ... ...
8 or more rooms 32,440 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 107,055 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 103,755 ... ...
More than one person per room 3,300 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 107,055 ... ...
Suitable 101,280 ... ...
Not suitable 5,775 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 107,055 ... ...
1960 or before 17,005 ... ...
1961 to 1980 32,470 ... ...
1981 to 1990 16,145 ... ...
1991 to 2000 8,770 ... ...
2001 to 2005 5,150 ... ...
2006 to 2010 7,190 ... ...
2011 to 2015 11,355 ... ...
2016 to 202157 8,975 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 107,055 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 102,570 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,480 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 107,055 ... ...
One-maintainer household 53,030 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 48,685 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 5,340 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 107,055 ... ...
15 to 24 years 5,500 ... ...
25 to 34 years 19,530 ... ...
35 to 44 years 21,165 ... ...
45 to 54 years 17,295 ... ...
55 to 64 years 18,790 ... ...
65 to 74 years 13,820 ... ...
75 to 84 years 7,490 ... ...
85 years and over 3,460 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 106,525 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 82,955 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 23,570 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 21,535 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 107,050 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 31,280 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 21,345 ... ...
Not suitable only 4,430 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 3,030 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 1,025 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 1,135 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 250 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 65 ... ...
Acceptable housing 75,770 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 104,490 ... ...
In core need 11,110 ... ...
Not in core need 93,375 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 69,500 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 64.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 14.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,470 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,528 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 376,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 393,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 37,535 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 37.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,150 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,210 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 260,955 128,330 132,625
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 15,180 7,145 8,035
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 14,635 6,915 7,720
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 11,385 5,195 6,190
Métis single ancestry 3,220 1,705 1,515
Inuit single ancestry 30 20 15
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 545 230 315
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 535 225 315
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 15,490 7,385 8,100
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 14,765 7,035 7,730
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 7,150 3,440 3,705
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 7,540 3,560 3,980
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 80 35 50
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 725 350 370
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 700 345 355
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 10 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 230,285 113,795 116,485
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 260,955 128,330 132,625
Canadian citizens77 230,705 112,930 117,775
Canadian citizens aged under 18 51,375 26,465 24,905
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 179,330 86,460 92,865
Not Canadian citizens78 30,250 15,400 14,850
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 260,955 128,330 132,625
Non-immigrants80 202,400 98,965 103,435
Immigrants81 53,210 26,515 26,690
Before 1980 4,000 1,885 2,115
1980 to 1990 2,345 1,170 1,170
1991 to 2000 3,625 1,725 1,900
2001 to 2010 11,980 6,005 5,975
2011 to 202182 31,265 15,735 15,530
2011 to 2015 14,225 7,155 7,070
2016 to 2021 17,035 8,575 8,465
Non-permanent residents83 5,345 2,845 2,500
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 53,215 26,520 26,695
Under 5 years 5,110 2,665 2,440
5 to 14 years 10,420 5,575 4,845
15 to 24 years 7,760 3,645 4,115
25 to 44 years 24,940 12,120 12,825
45 years and over 4,980 2,515 2,465
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 53,215 26,520 26,695
Americas 4,050 2,025 2,030
Brazil 180 80 105
Colombia 305 145 155
El Salvador 330 145 190
Guyana 45 15 30
Haiti 15 0 15
Jamaica 435 220 215
Mexico 405 200 200
Peru 95 25 70
Trinidad and Tobago 40 10 35
United States of America 1,470 800 670
Other places of birth in Americas 730 385 340
Europe 6,900 3,390 3,510
Bosnia and Herzegovina 260 125 130
Croatia 105 60 45
France 95 30 60
Germany 500 205 295
Greece 155 80 70
Hungary 55 35 15
Italy 195 115 80
Netherlands 185 120 70
Poland 430 190 240
Portugal 125 60 65
Romania 295 150 145
Russian Federation 260 105 155
Serbia86 175 85 90
Ukraine 1,100 515 585
United Kingdom87 2,050 1,085 960
Other places of birth in Europe 910 405 505
Africa 5,995 3,090 2,905
Algeria 15 15 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 180 90 90
Egypt 375 195 175
Eritrea 485 255 230
Ethiopia 340 190 150
Morocco 90 55 40
Nigeria 2,090 1,065 1,025
Somalia 120 60 60
South Africa, Republic of 380 180 200
Other places of birth in Africa 1,925 990 935
Asia 36,015 17,900 18,120
Afghanistan 200 100 105
Iran88 660 345 315
Iraq 1,205 615 585
Lebanon 110 75 35
Syria89 655 330 330
Turkey 155 85 70
China90 4,695 2,240 2,450
Hong Kong91 445 220 220
Korea, South92 285 140 150
Taiwan 85 45 45
Philippines 11,835 5,730 6,110
Viet Nam 1,510 735 775
Bangladesh 1,830 955 870
India 5,845 3,080 2,760
Pakistan 3,970 2,015 1,960
Sri Lanka 290 130 165
Other places of birth in Asia 2,225 1,065 1,165
Oceania and other places of birth93 245 120 125
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 17,040 8,575 8,460
Americas 1,010 530 480
Brazil 80 45 35
Colombia 25 10 10
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 195 95 100
Mexico 125 60 60
United States of America 440 250 190
Venezuela95 35 15 25
Other places of birth in Americas 110 50 55
Europe 950 500 455
France 25 15 15
Germany 35 20 15
Ireland96 35 15 20
Italy 30 25 10
Russian Federation 50 20 25
Ukraine 295 120 175
United Kingdom87 170 125 45
Other places of birth in Europe 305 155 145
Africa 2,955 1,535 1,415
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 65 40 30
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 75 40 40
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 200 100 95
Eritrea 295 165 130
Ethiopia 170 105 65
Morocco 35 20 20
Nigeria 1,525 790 735
Somalia 50 25 30
South Africa, Republic of 40 15 25
Sudan97 130 60 70
Tunisia 20 0 15
Other places of birth in Africa 335 175 165
Asia 12,045 5,970 6,080
Afghanistan 35 10 25
Bangladesh 700 345 350
China90 2,315 1,095 1,220
Hong Kong91 120 75 50
India 2,820 1,495 1,320
Iran88 295 160 130
Iraq 260 135 125
Israel 30 15 15
Japan 20 10 15
Jordan 45 15 25
Korea, South92 55 35 25
Lebanon 35 30 10
Nepal 75 45 30
Pakistan 815 385 430
Philippines 2,845 1,325 1,520
Saudi Arabia 130 50 80
Sri Lanka 15 0 0
Syria89 590 290 295
Turkey 20 10 10
United Arab Emirates 130 60 65
Viet Nam 485 280 205
Other places of birth in Asia 225 105 120
Oceania and other93 80 45 35
Australia 45 20 25
Other places of birth98 30 20 10
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 260,955 128,325 132,625
First generation100 60,055 30,110 29,950
Second generation101 34,880 17,055 17,825
Third generation or more102 166,015 81,165 84,850
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 49,215 24,635 24,575
Economic immigrants104 34,395 17,740 16,650
Principal applicants105 13,025 8,415 4,610
Secondary applicants106 21,370 9,330 12,040
Immigrants sponsored by family107 7,845 3,150 4,695
Refugees108 6,875 3,695 3,185
Other immigrants109 100 55 50
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 49,215 24,635 24,575
Asylum claim before admission111 795 530 260
Work permits only before admission112 6,315 3,160 3,160
Study permits only before admission113 1,630 835 795
Work and study permits before admission114 2,860 1,715 1,145
Other permits before admission115 170 75 90
No pre-admission experience116 37,445 18,325 19,125
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 260,955 128,330 132,625
Total visible minority population118 64,530 32,580 31,950
South Asian 18,880 10,040 8,840
Chinese 9,255 4,495 4,755
Black 8,325 4,240 4,085
Filipino 14,355 7,020 7,335
Arab 3,040 1,560 1,480
Latin American 2,545 1,240 1,315
Southeast Asian 3,455 1,735 1,720
West Asian 1,705 840 865
Korean 520 230 290
Japanese 295 140 155
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 480 215 265
Multiple visible minorities 1,670 820 855
Not a visible minority120 196,425 95,750 100,675
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 260,955 128,330 132,625
Canadian 20,900 10,885 10,015
English 48,140 23,345 24,795
Irish 33,855 16,305 17,550
Scottish 40,355 19,555 20,800
French, n.o.s.122 24,655 11,790 12,865
German 59,110 28,175 30,935
Chinese 9,825 4,705 5,125
Italian 3,205 1,630 1,570
Indian (India) 7,295 3,890 3,405
Ukrainian 37,740 17,920 19,820
Dutch 7,195 3,645 3,550
Polish 13,990 6,445 7,550
Québécois 205 105 95
British Isles, n.o.s.123 5,770 2,935 2,830
Filipino 13,320 6,505 6,820
French Canadian 1,390 660 735
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,850 1,525 1,320
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 7,320 3,355 3,965
Métis 12,010 5,840 6,170
European, n.o.s.126 3,550 1,845 1,705
Russian 9,310 4,370 4,940
Norwegian 16,175 7,580 8,590
Welsh 4,785 2,355 2,425
Portuguese 785 410 380
American 2,885 1,440 1,445
Spanish 1,850 865 985
Swedish 6,710 3,075 3,635
Hungarian 5,520 2,670 2,850
Acadian 260 135 125
Pakistani 4,120 2,165 1,960
African, n.o.s.127 1,520 760 760
Jewish 830 390 435
Punjabi 1,535 855 670
Vietnamese 2,085 1,030 1,055
Arab, n.o.s.128 935 515 415
Greek 770 380 390
Jamaican 660 340 320
Asian, n.o.s.129 2,235 1,120 1,125
Cree, n.o.s.130 6,510 3,055 3,455
Korean 565 245 320
Romanian 2,070 965 1,105
Lebanese 395 190 210
Iranian 785 395 390
Christian, n.i.e.131 840 415 425
Danish 2,155 1,145 1,015
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 2,265 1,000 1,265
Sikh 925 450 470
Austrian 3,355 1,570 1,785
Belgian 1,870 960 905
Haitian 40 15 25
Hindu 1,250 705 540
Mexican 690 340 350
Mennonite 2,885 1,355 1,535
Swiss 1,105 540 565
Finnish 1,175 535 640
Sri Lankan 275 110 165
Croatian 800 435 360
Japanese 500 240 260
South Asian, n.o.s.133 695 360 335
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 130 70 60
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,550 815 735
Muslim 1,020 540 480
Egyptian 450 235 220
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 395 200 195
Tamil 135 65 70
Icelandic 1,930 970 965
Colombian 290 150 135
Moroccan 135 70 65
Czech 1,355 655 695
Syrian 405 200 205
Guyanese 135 50 85
Afghan 425 230 195
Black, n.o.s.137 255 130 125
Serbian 395 230 170
Ojibway 445 220 230
Newfoundlander 145 95 55
Hong Konger 185 85 95
Ontarian 75 35 40
Persian 255 140 115
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 155 70 85
Turkish 315 160 150
Inuit, n.o.s.138 145 60 80
Bangladeshi 1,815 985 825
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 375 195 180
Nigerian 1,005 530 475
Armenian 135 50 85
Slovak 410 175 230
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 410 185 230
Somali 145 75 70
Taiwanese 110