Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Winnipeg, City (CY)More information:
Manitoba
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 749,607 ... ...
Population, 20161 705,244 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 6.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 315,465 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 300,431 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,623.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 461.78 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 749,605 369,205 380,400
0 to 14 years 124,345 63,865 60,490
0 to 4 years 39,810 20,250 19,560
5 to 9 years 42,130 21,750 20,380
10 to 14 years 42,410 21,860 20,545
15 to 64 years 497,940 249,740 248,195
15 to 19 years 42,490 22,040 20,450
20 to 24 years 56,365 29,780 26,585
25 to 29 years 55,040 28,165 26,880
30 to 34 years 54,930 27,335 27,595
35 to 39 years 53,845 26,630 27,215
40 to 44 years 50,115 24,525 25,595
45 to 49 years 46,635 23,135 23,495
50 to 54 years 44,555 21,980 22,575
55 to 59 years 48,230 23,775 24,455
60 to 64 years 45,735 22,380 23,350
65 years and over 127,320 55,605 71,710
65 to 69 years 39,550 18,630 20,915
70 to 74 years 33,270 15,150 18,120
75 to 79 years 22,025 9,780 12,245
80 to 84 years 15,050 6,185 8,870
85 years and over 17,430 5,860 11,570
85 to 89 years 10,155 3,805 6,350
90 to 94 years 5,425 1,640 3,785
95 to 99 years 1,585 365 1,215
100 years and over 260 50 215
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 66.4 67.6 65.2
65 years and over 17.0 15.1 18.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 40.3 39.0 41.5
Median age of the population 38.8 37.6 40.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 300,430 ... ...
Single-detached house 172,765 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,015 ... ...
Row house 11,700 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,515 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 56,430 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 41,055 ... ...
Other single-attached house 285 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 665 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 300,435 ... ...
1 person 90,705 ... ...
2 persons 96,125 ... ...
3 persons 45,425 ... ...
4 persons 40,895 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,285 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 736,660 363,645 373,015
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 625,260 305,345 319,915
Married or living common-law 336,075 167,725 168,355
Married 280,110 139,785 140,325
Living common-law 55,970 27,940 28,025
Living common law - Never married 42,285 21,165 21,125
Living common law - Separated 2,135 1,120 1,020
Living common law - Divorced 10,455 5,185 5,275
Living common law - Widowed 1,085 475 610
Not married and not living common-law 289,185 137,625 151,555
Not married and not living common law - Never married 203,765 110,345 93,420
Not married and not living common law - Separated 14,415 6,135 8,280
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 37,040 14,250 22,790
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 33,965 6,895 27,065
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 199,010 ... ...
2 persons 97,475 ... ...
3 persons 43,835 ... ...
4 persons 39,505 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,195 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 199,005 ... ...
Total couple families 163,295 ... ...
Married couples 135,310 ... ...
With children6 77,570 ... ...
Without children 57,740 ... ...
Common-law couples 27,980 ... ...
With children6 9,945 ... ...
Without children 18,035 ... ...
Total one-parent families 35,715 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 28,085 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 7,630 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 736,660 363,645 373,015
Total - Persons in census families 582,730 288,345 294,380
Married spouses or common-law partners 326,585 163,095 163,490
Parents in one-parent families 35,715 7,635 28,080
Children6 220,425 117,620 102,805
In a two-parent family 163,700 86,720 76,980
In a one-parent family 56,730 30,900 25,825
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 153,935 75,300 78,635
Living alone 90,710 41,285 49,425
Living with other relatives7 26,280 11,930 14,350
Living with non-relatives only 36,945 22,085 14,860
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 300,430 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 171,950 ... ...
Couple-family households 144,435 ... ...
With children6 76,710 ... ...
Without children 67,720 ... ...
One-parent-family households 27,515 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 8,070 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 1,755 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 10,830 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 17,120 ... ...
One-person households 90,710 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 612,550 299,945 312,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 591,230 289,135 302,095
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 43,600 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 591,420 289,235 302,180
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 38,000 32,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 526,990 261,815 265,175
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 40,000 29,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 432,160 222,120 210,040
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 40,800 31,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 544,345 263,020 281,330
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,600 5,120 9,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,835 31,455 35,380
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,200 5,200 5,200
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 160,780 78,050 82,730
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 612,550 299,885 312,665
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 591,650 289,370 302,280
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,120 56,550 44,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 591,805 289,455 302,350
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200 45,400 37,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 527,445 262,505 264,945
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,040 53,800 38,360
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 432,160 222,505 209,655
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,400 52,900 39,480
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 545,050 263,625 281,420
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,840 8,480 11,120
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,315 31,380 34,935
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,115 5,800 6,395
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 159,805 77,905 81,905
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,740 8,560 8,910
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 612,550 299,885 312,660
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 213,275 118,795 94,485
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,000 62,000 53,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 68,700 75,100 60,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 170,365 79,515 90,850
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600 19,000 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,280 29,480 23,520
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.0 86.4 76.4
Employment income (%)19 67.6 72.0 62.3
Government transfers (%)20 18.1 13.7 23.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.1 1.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.8 4.8 7.0
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 4.1 5.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 612,555 299,945 312,605
Without total income 21,320 10,810 10,510
With total income 591,230 289,140 302,095
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,360 27,165 29,195
$10,000 to $19,999 64,895 28,120 36,780
$20,000 to $29,999 94,155 40,555 53,605
$30,000 to $39,999 81,775 36,035 45,740
$40,000 to $49,999 73,305 33,985 39,320
$50,000 to $59,999 57,035 27,935 29,100
$60,000 to $69,999 43,130 23,310 19,815
$70,000 to $79,999 31,605 17,945 13,655
$80,000 to $89,999 23,710 13,565 10,150
$90,000 to $99,999 18,465 10,165 8,295
$100,000 and over 46,795 30,360 16,430
$100,000 to $149,999 32,650 20,205 12,440
$150,000 and over 14,145 10,155 3,990
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 612,555 299,945 312,605
Without after-tax income 21,135 10,710 10,425
With after-tax income 591,415 289,240 302,180
Under $10,000 (including loss) 58,750 27,810 30,940
$10,000 to $19,999 70,515 30,860 39,655
$20,000 to $29,999 112,575 49,090 63,480
$30,000 to $39,999 100,235 45,785 54,455
$40,000 to $49,999 81,705 39,605 42,100
$50,000 to $59,999 57,850 31,095 26,750
$60,000 to $69,999 38,490 21,715 16,780
$70,000 to $79,999 27,055 14,955 12,100
$80,000 to $89,999 15,350 8,780 6,575
$90,000 to $99,999 9,025 5,615 3,410
$100,000 and over 19,860 13,935 5,930
$100,000 to $124,999 10,075 6,865 3,210
$125,000 and over 9,790 7,065 2,725
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 612,555 299,945 312,605
Without employment income 180,390 77,825 102,570
With employment income 432,160 222,125 210,040
Under $5,000 (including loss) 52,755 24,705 28,055
$5,000 to $9,999 35,240 15,795 19,440
$10,000 to $19,999 53,585 24,815 28,775
$20,000 to $29,999 45,970 21,525 24,450
$30,000 to $39,999 45,340 22,090 23,255
$40,000 to $49,999 43,980 21,630 22,350
$50,000 to $59,999 35,610 18,895 16,710
$60,000 to $69,999 28,925 16,655 12,270
$70,000 to $79,999 22,305 13,215 9,095
$80,000 to $89,999 18,325 10,555 7,770
$90,000 to $99,999 14,875 8,240 6,635
$100,000 and over 35,245 24,010 11,235
$100,000 to $124,999 18,000 11,415 6,590
$125,000 and over 17,245 12,600 4,650
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 612,550 299,945 312,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 572,340 279,010 293,325
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 42,400 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 572,530 279,035 293,500
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 36,800 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 518,390 256,935 261,455
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 40,800 30,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 431,875 221,085 210,790
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 41,600 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 499,100 240,255 258,845
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,020 1,120 4,840
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 42,415 19,715 22,700
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640 5,640 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 612,550 299,885 312,665
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 572,520 279,320 293,200
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,880 54,700 41,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 572,705 279,325 293,375
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,080 43,680 34,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 518,240 257,390 260,845
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,480 54,350 38,680
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 431,370 221,250 210,125
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,400 52,900 39,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 498,905 240,460 258,445
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,670 5,380 7,870
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 42,495 20,040 22,455
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,130 6,560 7,640
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 612,550 299,885 312,660
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 211,690 117,810 93,885
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,400 58,800 49,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,500 70,900 56,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 159,045 74,035 85,010
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,000 24,800 21,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,680 35,680 28,200
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.8 91.6 83.2
Employment income (%) 73.0 76.6 68.6
Government transfers (%) 12.1 8.5 16.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.9 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 300,435 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 90,710 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 209,720 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 300,430 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 98,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 81,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 90,825 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,650 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,560 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 209,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,900 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 300,430 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,870 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,585 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,825 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,475 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,165 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,090 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,205 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,170 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,070 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,865 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,360 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 22,375 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 21,205 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,380 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,225 ... ...
$100,000 and over 112,560 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 25,530 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 28,730 ... ...
$200,000 and over 21,805 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 300,430 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,185 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,655 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,930 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,985 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,465 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,245 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,675 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,175 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,510 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,200 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 27,845 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,255 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,665 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,740 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,915 ... ...
$100,000 and over 82,990 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 34,720 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,050 ... ...
$150,000 and over 27,220 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 198,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 69,340 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 87,715 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 126,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,775 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 127,650 63,370 64,285
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 37,600 37,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 33,600 33,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 198,185 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 119,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 98,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 69,100 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 87,995 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 144,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 32,575 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 127,655 63,105 64,550
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 46,160 47,400 44,960
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,560 39,000 38,080
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 736,660 363,645 373,010
0 to 17 years 148,750 76,400 72,355
0 to 5 years 48,080 24,555 23,525
18 to 64 years 469,065 234,145 234,920
65 years and over 118,845 53,105 65,735
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 95,370 44,995 50,375
0 to 17 years 26,315 13,510 12,805
0 to 5 years 9,615 4,870 4,750
18 to 64 years 54,255 26,120 28,135
65 years and over 14,800 5,365 9,435
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.4 13.5
0 to 17 years (%) 17.7 17.7 17.7
0 to 5 years (%) 20.0 19.8 20.2
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.2 12.0
65 years and over (%) 12.5 10.1 14.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 736,660 363,645 373,015
0 to 17 years 148,750 76,395 72,355
0 to 5 years 48,085 24,555 23,530
18 to 64 years 469,070 234,145 234,920
65 years and over 118,840 53,105 65,735
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 61,700 31,680 30,020
0 to 17 years 14,220 7,425 6,800
0 to 5 years 5,135 2,625 2,515
18 to 64 years 42,665 22,330 20,330
65 years and over 4,815 1,925 2,885
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.4 8.7 8.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.7 9.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 9.5 8.7
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.6 4.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 736,660 363,645 373,015
In bottom half of the distribution 410,185 199,135 211,050
In bottom decile 88,735 43,950 44,790
In second decile 80,825 37,715 43,105
In third decile 81,590 39,505 42,090
In fourth decile 80,190 39,155 41,035
In fifth decile 78,850 38,815 40,030
In top half of the distribution 326,470 164,510 161,965
In sixth decile 77,220 38,615 38,610
In seventh decile 73,440 36,910 36,530
In eighth decile 69,335 34,885 34,450
In ninth decile 59,395 30,005 29,390
In top decile 47,080 24,095 22,980
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 736,660 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.333 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.443 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.290 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 742,360 365,905 376,455
English only 656,970 327,710 329,260
French only 1,260 580 680
English and French 71,705 32,200 39,495
Neither English nor French 12,435 5,415 7,020
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 742,360 365,905 376,455
English 706,105 349,470 356,640
French 20,820 9,570 11,250
English and French 3,465 1,685 1,780
Neither English nor French 11,960 5,175 6,785
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 742,360 365,905 376,455
Single responses 702,865 346,690 356,175
Official languages 504,910 250,755 254,160
English 484,365 241,350 243,020
French 20,540 9,400 11,140
Non-official languages 197,955 95,935 102,015
Indigenous languages39 3,100 1,240 1,860
Algonquian languages 2,870 1,145 1,725
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,040 405 630
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,040 405 630
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 20 0 15
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 360 130 225
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 40 20 20
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 25 5 20
Cree, n.o.s. 600 245 355
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,830 735 1,090
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 635 260 375
Ojibway languages 1,190 475 715
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 55 35 25
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 240 85 160
Ojibway, n.o.s. 890 360 535
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 25 35
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 25 35
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 60 25 35
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 90 35 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 90 35 55
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 40 20 20
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 15 20
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 35 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 194,855 94,700 100,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,655 6,545 6,110
Berber languages 80 45 35
Kabyle 60 40 30
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Chadic languages 75 55 20
Hausa 65 45 15
Mina 10 5 5
Coptic 85 40 45
Cushitic languages 1,675 825 850
Bilen 180 95 80
Oromo 315 170 140
Somali 1,175 550 620
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Semitic languages 10,740 5,575 5,160
Amharic 1,680 790 895
Arabic 5,845 3,140 2,705
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 505 280 225
Maltese 15 5 5
Tigrigna 2,660 1,350 1,305
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,720 2,240 2,480
Khmer (Cambodian) 245 115 125
Vietnamese 4,465 2,115 2,350
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
Austronesian languages 49,130 22,590 26,535
Bikol 145 75 70
Bisaya, n.o.s. 365 150 210
Cebuano 770 350 420
Fijian 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 395 170 225
Ilocano 1,320 595 730
Indonesian 135 55 80
Kankanaey 10 5 5
Kinaray-a 30 10 15
Malagasy languages 5 0 5
Merina 5 0 5
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 900 435 465
Pangasinan 175 85 90
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,670 20,560 24,105
Waray-Waray 65 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70
Creole languages 405 180 225
Haitian Creole 60 30 25
Jamaican English Creole 20 15 10
Krio 145 60 85
Morisyen 40 25 20
Sango 30 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 75 30 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25
Dravidian languages 1,690 945 745
Kannada 100 55 40
Malayalam 860 495 365
Tamil 455 230 220
Telugu 260 145 110
Tulu 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Georgian 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 97,015 48,070 48,940
Albanian 310 155 150
Armenian 55 25 30
Balto-Slavic languages 18,635 8,345 10,290
Baltic languages 80 35 45
Latvian 20 10 15
Lithuanian 55 30 30
Slavic languages 18,550 8,305 10,245
Belarusian 40 15 30
Bulgarian 130 65 60
Czech 355 170 185
Macedonian 125 60 65
Polish 4,050 1,790 2,255
Russian 5,620 2,680 2,935
Rusyn 10 0 5
Serbo-Croatian 1,980 935 1,045
Bosnian 580 280 295
Croatian 745 330 415
Serbian 625 305 315
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 35 10 20
Slovak 250 95 150
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 75 115
Ukrainian 5,805 2,410 3,395
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Celtic languages 45 25 20
Irish 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10
Welsh 15 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Germanic languages 12,180 5,360 6,820
Frisian 15 10 10
High German languages 8,995 3,965 5,030
German 8,780 3,855 4,925
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 45 20 20
Yiddish 165 85 80
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,835 1,225 1,605
Afrikaans 160 75 85
Dutch 1,000 470 530
Low German, n.o.s. 205 60 140
Low Saxon 50 25 25
Plautdietsch 1,345 565 780
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 20 45
Scandinavian languages 325 160 165
Danish 115 60 55
Icelandic 75 20 50
Norwegian 50 25 25
Swedish 85 50 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Greek 1,055 515 540
Indo-Iranian languages 47,215 25,100 22,115
Indo-Aryan languages 44,090 23,515 20,575
Assamese 5 0 5
Bengali 2,000 1,235 765
Gujarati 3,160 1,705 1,460
Hindi 3,050 1,610 1,435
Kacchi 20 5 10
Kashmiri 10 5 5
Konkani 30 10 15
Marathi 145 80 70
Nepali 695 355 345
Oriya languages 10 10 5
Odia 10 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30,575 16,190 14,380
Rohingya 35 15 15
Sindhi 45 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 765 365 395
Urdu 3,515 1,875 1,640
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
Iranian languages 3,120 1,580 1,535
Baluchi 10 5 0
Kurdish 835 415 415
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 230 110 120
Persian languages 2,040 1,045 1,000
Dari 580 280 295
Iranian Persian 1,280 665 615
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 180 95 85
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 17,525 8,545 8,980
Catalan 10 5 5
Italian 2,805 1,330 1,470
Portuguese 6,300 3,060 3,240
Romanian 445 215 225
Spanish 7,945 3,925 4,020
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 455 155 300
Korean 3,040 1,420 1,620
Mongolian 15 5 10
Niger-Congo languages 4,425 2,185 2,235
Akan (Twi) 175 95 80
Bamanankan 45 25 20
Edo 55 30 25
Éwé 30 15 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65 35 30
Ga 20 10 15
Ganda 45 20 30
Gikuyu 25 10 15
Igbo 405 215 190
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 255 125 135
Lingala 65 30 40
Luba-Kasai 20 5 10
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 30 15 15
Ndebele 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 180 85 90
Shona 120 45 75
Soninke 5 5 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 0 5
Swahili 915 435 480
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 90 45 40
Yoruba 1,425 720 705
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 440 215 220
Nilo-Saharan languages 365 195 165
Dinka 170 95 70
Nuer 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65
African, n.o.s. 25 10 15
Sign languages 265 140 120
American Sign Language 250 130 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,475 8,975 9,495
Chinese languages 17,935 8,695 9,240
Hakka 50 20 30
Mandarin 11,185 5,515 5,670
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 250 115 140
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40
Yue (Cantonese) 6,165 2,905 3,265
Chinese, n.o.s. 190 100 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 510 265 245
Burmese 65 40 25
Kuki-Chin languages 45 20 20
Karenic languages 390 205 185
S'gaw Karen 355 185 165
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Tibetan 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 905 415 490
Lao 685 340 345
Thai 215 75 140
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Turkic languages 400 220 175
Azerbaijani 40 25 15
Kazakh 5 0 5
Turkish 270 150 120
Uyghur 10 5 5
Uzbek 35 20 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15
Uralic languages 840 365 475
Estonian 20 10 10
Finnish 115 45 70
Hungarian 710 310 395
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Multiple responses 39,490 19,215 20,280
English and French 4,605 2,215 2,400
English and non-official language(s) 30,695 14,985 15,710
French and non-official language(s) 810 405 405
English, French and non-official language(s) 600 280 320
Multiple non-official languages 2,780 1,330 1,450
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 742,360 365,905 376,455
English 510,595 253,465 257,130
French 5,310 2,415 2,890
Non-official language 56,540 27,845 28,700
Indigenous39 495 205 285
Non-Indigenous 56,050 27,645 28,410
English and French 13,370 5,975 7,390
English and non-official language(s) 145,805 71,115 74,685
French and non-official language(s) 775 365 410
English, French and non-official language(s) 4,440 2,070 2,370
Multiple non-official languages 5,530 2,645 2,880
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 742,360 365,905 376,455
Single responses 703,180 346,965 356,215
Official languages 580,205 286,070 294,140
English 571,855 282,315 289,540
French 8,355 3,755 4,600
Non-official languages 122,975 60,895 62,075
Indigenous languages39 835 350 480
Algonquian languages 795 330 465
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 225 80 150
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 225 80 150
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 20 35
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 165 60 110
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 565 255 315
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 255 120 140
Ojibway languages 315 135 180
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 50 20 30
Ojibway, n.o.s. 250 105 145
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5 10 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 122,135 60,545 61,595
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,250 4,145 4,100
Berber languages 50 25 25
Kabyle 40 20 20
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 5 0
Hausa 10 5 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 40 15 25
Cushitic languages 1,105 525 585
Bilen 140 75 65
Oromo 155 75 75
Somali 810 365 440
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 7,040 3,575 3,465
Amharic 920 425 500
Arabic 3,905 2,005 1,905
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 360 200 165
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 1,825 940 895
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,415 1,640 1,775
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 60
Vietnamese 3,290 1,575 1,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
Austronesian languages 31,895 15,085 16,810
Bikol 55 25 30
Bisaya, n.o.s. 200 90 105
Cebuano 415 195 220
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 220 100 115
Ilocano 645 310 335
Indonesian 55 25 25
Kankanaey 5 0 0
Kinaray-a 15 5 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 550 275 280
Pangasinan 70 35 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 29,615 13,985 15,630
Waray-Waray 15 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Creole languages 195 70 125
Haitian Creole 45 15 30
Jamaican English Creole 10 5 5
Krio 65 20 45
Morisyen 15 10 10
Sango 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 25 5 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Dravidian languages 1,045 580 465
Kannada 40 20 15
Malayalam 565 320 240
Tamil 275 145 130
Telugu 155 80 70
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Georgian 5 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 57,225 29,180 28,045
Albanian 175 90 80
Armenian 30 15 15
Balto-Slavic languages 8,015 3,845 4,170
Baltic languages 10 5 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 5 5
Slavic languages 8,000 3,840 4,165
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 60 35 30
Czech 90 40 50
Macedonian 80 40 35
Polish 1,455 650 800
Russian 3,855 1,890 1,965
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 870 405 465
Bosnian 280 135 145
Croatian 255 110 145
Serbian 325 155 175
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Slovak 45 20 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15
Ukrainian 1,515 740 780
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 0 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,140 500 640
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 865 380 490
German 855 370 485
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 0
Yiddish 5 5 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 250 115 135
Afrikaans 55 30 30
Dutch 55 30 30
Low German, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Low Saxon 5 0 0
Plautdietsch 120 50 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 10 15
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 5 5 0
Swedish 10 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 430 195 230
Indo-Iranian languages 38,750 20,450 18,295
Indo-Aryan languages 36,550 19,370 17,180
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 1,245 720 530
Gujarati 2,385 1,260 1,120
Hindi 2,120 1,095 1,025
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 10 5
Marathi 75 35 40
Nepali 520 250 265
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 27,145 14,425 12,720
Rohingya 25 15 15
Sindhi 30 15 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 485 240 245
Urdu 2,470 1,280 1,190
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Iranian languages 2,195 1,075 1,120
Baluchi 5 0 0
Kurdish 660 320 340
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 155 70 80
Persian languages 1,375 690 695
Dari 380 180 200
Iranian Persian 880 450 435
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 115 60 55
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 8,680 4,070 4,605
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 735 300 440
Portuguese 3,370 1,590 1,775
Romanian 165 80 80
Spanish 4,405 2,105 2,305
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 185 75 105
Korean 2,355 1,135 1,225
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,960 940 1,015
Akan (Twi) 95 55 40
Bamanankan 15 5 10
Edo 5 5 5
Éwé 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5
Gikuyu 5 0 5
Igbo 150 80 70
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 65
Lingala 40 15 25
Luba-Kasai 10 5 5
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 5 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 55 50
Shona 10 5 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 515 245 270
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 70 40 30
Yoruba 615 275 335
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 80 75
Dinka 75 45 30
Nuer 20 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35
African, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Sign languages 420 240 185
American Sign Language 365 200 165
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,100 6,930 7,175
Chinese languages 13,675 6,700 6,975
Hakka 10 5 5
Mandarin 9,010 4,495 4,515
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 25
Yue (Cantonese) 4,350 2,055 2,300
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 415 220 190
Burmese 45 30 15
Kuki-Chin languages 30 10 15
Karenic languages 335 180 160
S'gaw Karen 310 165 145
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Tibetan 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 525 245 280
Lao 415 200 215
Thai 105 50 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 185 100 85
Azerbaijani 10 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 125 65 55
Uyghur 5 5 5
Uzbek 20 10 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Uralic languages 205 85 110
Estonian 0 5 0
Finnish 20 10 10
Hungarian 180 80 105
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5
Multiple responses 39,180 18,940 20,240
English and French 2,665 1,235 1,435
English and non-official language(s) 34,860 16,910 17,950
French and non-official language(s) 375 180 195
English, French and non-official language(s) 485 255 230
Multiple non-official languages 795 365 435
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 742,360 365,905 376,455
None 604,755 299,320 305,435
English 53,905 26,610 27,295
French 9,325 4,190 5,140
Non-official language 56,170 26,625 29,540
Indigenous39 2,255 890 1,360
Non-Indigenous 53,915 25,740 28,180
English and French 635 285 350
English and non-official language(s) 9,650 4,940 4,710
French and non-official language(s) 1,905 850 1,050
English, French and non-official language(s) 145 80 65
Multiple non-official languages 5,865 3,000 2,865
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 736,660 363,630 373,030
Official languages 724,310 358,280 366,030
English 723,085 357,755 365,330
French 72,665 32,570 40,100
Non-official languages 261,030 126,510 134,520
Indigenous languages39 5,175 2,080 3,095
Algonquian languages 4,835 1,935 2,900
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,755 690 1,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,755 690 1,070
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 45 0 40
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 610 195 415
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 105 55 50
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 70 30 40
Cree, n.o.s. 945 405 535
Innu (Montagnais) 10 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 10 20
Mi'kmaq 35 10 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,185 1,300 1,885
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 15 0 10
Oji-Cree 985 435 555
Ojibway languages 2,245 895 1,355
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 155 55 100
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 370 145 225
Ojibway, n.o.s. 1,755 710 1,045
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 80 30 50
Northern Athabaskan languages 70 20 50
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 70 20 50
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 115 55 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 115 55 60
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 85 35 45
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 65 15 40
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 65 15 40
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 20 0 15
Non-Indigenous languages 255,980 124,490 131,500
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,350 10,305 10,045
Berber languages 175 90 80
Kabyle 120 55 70
Tamazight 40 25 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Chadic languages 310 205 100
Hausa 290 195 90
Mina 20 0 0
Coptic 170 85 80
Cushitic languages 2,230 1,075 1,155
Bilen 240 105 135
Oromo 380 190 190
Somali 1,585 775 815
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Semitic languages 18,310 9,260 9,050
Amharic 3,355 1,545 1,810
Arabic 9,335 4,880 4,450
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,640 1,850 1,790
Maltese 15 0 15
Tigrigna 4,095 2,040 2,060
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 65
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,300 2,950 3,345
Khmer (Cambodian) 345 155 195
Vietnamese 5,935 2,785 3,150
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 45 30 15
Austronesian languages 65,485 30,340 35,145
Bikol 210 125 85
Bisaya, n.o.s. 585 255 330
Cebuano 1,355 655 700
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 685 330 355
Ilocano 3,000 1,395 1,605
Indonesian 225 110 115
Kankanaey 20 10 15
Kinaray-a 15 0 10
Malagasy languages 10 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Malay 225 105 120
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,625 815 810
Pangasinan 320 110 210
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,325 29,735 34,590
Waray-Waray 155 80 75
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 845 415 425
Creole languages 1,205 585 620
Haitian Creole 195 90 105
Jamaican English Creole 90 45 45
Krio 385 195 190
Morisyen 105 40 60
Sango 50 20 25
Creole, n.o.s. 220 105 110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 170 85 85
Dravidian languages 2,505 1,330 1,180
Kannada 290 150 130
Malayalam 1,090 550 545
Tamil 980 545 430
Telugu 510 270 240
Tulu 35 20 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Georgian 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 124,645 62,185 62,460
Albanian 455 200 255
Armenian 90 40 45
Balto-Slavic languages 22,770 10,425 12,350
Baltic languages 125 40 85
Latvian 65 20 45
Lithuanian 60 20 40
Slavic languages 22,710 10,400 12,310
Belarusian 70 15 55
Bulgarian 200 90 110
Czech 420 190 230
Macedonian 165 85 75
Polish 5,310 2,435 2,880
Russian 8,645 4,165 4,475
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,465 1,210 1,255
Bosnian 830 415 415
Croatian 1,255 605 650
Serbian 1,050 545 510
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Slovak 295 115 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 110 155
Ukrainian 8,620 3,720 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Celtic languages 155 100 55
Irish 85 55 30
Scottish Gaelic 30 25 0
Welsh 35 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Germanic languages 16,220 7,485 8,735
Frisian 50 25 25
High German languages 12,850 5,905 6,945
German 12,425 5,740 6,685
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 40 25 10
Yiddish 405 150 260
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,640 1,705 1,935
Afrikaans 370 200 170
Dutch 1,360 660 705
Low German, n.o.s. 245 115 125
Low Saxon 50 25 25
Plautdietsch 1,625 715 910
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 30 25
Scandinavian languages 585 305 280
Danish 160 90 70
Icelandic 130 70 60
Norwegian 150 75 70
Swedish 165 85 80
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10
Greek 1,450 740 715
Indo-Iranian languages 59,015 31,750 27,265
Indo-Aryan languages 55,360 29,855 25,505
Assamese 20 15 10
Bengali 2,655 1,595 1,065
Gujarati 4,200 2,390 1,810
Hindi 23,320 12,360 10,960
Kacchi 30 25 0
Kashmiri 10 10 0
Konkani 115 70 45
Marathi 340 195 150
Nepali 765 375 390
Oriya languages 25 20 10
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 39,215 21,115 18,095
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 85 65 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,160 595 570
Urdu 6,160 3,325 2,835
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 195 105 90
Iranian languages 3,955 2,045 1,920
Baluchi 25 20 0
Kurdish 1,165 570 600
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 440 220 225
Persian languages 2,500 1,315 1,180
Dari 855 405 450
Iranian Persian 1,500 830 670
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 225 120 105
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages 27,580 13,020 14,565
Catalan 35 20 15
Italian 4,570 2,125 2,450
Portuguese 7,865 3,905 3,955
Romanian 545 290 265
Spanish 15,660 7,275 8,385
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Japanese 1,275 660 615
Korean 3,860 1,840 2,020
Mongolian 25 10 20
Niger-Congo languages 12,495 6,340 6,155
Akan (Twi) 335 190 140
Bamanankan 170 75 95
Edo 205 120 85
Éwé 55 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 145 95 50
Ga 50 20 20
Ganda 150 75 75
Gikuyu 85 30 55
Igbo 1,365 765 605
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 450 230 225
Lingala 490 235 260
Luba-Kasai 65 30 35
Mòoré 10 0 10
Mwani 45 25 20
Ndebele 60 25 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 395 195 205
Shona 295 155 140
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 30 10 15
Swahili 2,760 1,375 1,385
Wojenaka 70 40 35
Wolof 320 185 135
Yoruba 5,300 2,660 2,635
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,535 755 780
Nilo-Saharan languages 530 260 260
Dinka 255 145 110
Nuer 30 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 245 105 140
African, n.o.s. 70 35 35
Sign languages 1,600 580 1,020
American Sign Language 1,475 510 970
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,550 10,315 11,235
Chinese languages 20,965 10,035 10,925
Hakka 70 25 40
Mandarin 15,160 7,330 7,830
Min Dong 15 0 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425 195 230
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 45 35
Yue (Cantonese) 8,060 3,725 4,335
Chinese, n.o.s. 160 75 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 600 285 315
Burmese 135 75 60
Kuki-Chin languages 45 10 30
Karenic languages 415 195 210
S'gaw Karen 385 190 200
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages 1,420 610 810
Lao 1,100 510 595
Thai 515 185 330
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Turkic languages 690 405 290
Azerbaijani 115 75 35
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 605 340 270
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15
Uralic languages 1,120 495 630
Estonian 35 10 25
Finnish 155 70 85
Hungarian 935 415 515
Other languages, n.i.e. 235 110 125
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 736,660 363,635 373,030
Indigenous identity45 90,995 43,585 47,410
Single Indigenous responses46 88,655 42,495 46,160
First Nations (North American Indian) 40,290 18,880 21,405
Métis 47,915 23,385 24,530
Inuk (Inuit) 455 230 230
Multiple Indigenous responses47 1,600 740 860
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 740 350 390
Non-Indigenous identity 645,665 320,050 325,615
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 736,660 363,635 373,030
Registered or Treaty Indian49 36,690 17,090 19,605
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 699,970 346,545 353,425
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 300,430 ... ...
Owner 189,575 ... ...
Renter 110,855 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 300,430 ... ...
Condominium 30,160 ... ...
Not condominium 270,270 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 300,430 ... ...
No bedrooms 4,000 ... ...
1 bedroom 50,935 ... ...
2 bedrooms 79,835 ... ...
3 bedrooms 101,020 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 64,640 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 300,430 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 106,380 ... ...
5 rooms 49,255 ... ...
6 rooms 44,165 ... ...
7 rooms 34,735 ... ...
8 or more rooms 65,905 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 300,430 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 288,735 ... ...
More than one person per room 11,695 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 300,430 ... ...
Suitable 276,300 ... ...
Not suitable 24,130 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 300,430 ... ...
1960 or before 94,010 ... ...
1961 to 1980 92,410 ... ...
1981 to 1990 36,600 ... ...
1991 to 2000 19,030 ... ...
2001 to 2005 9,695 ... ...
2006 to 2010 12,055 ... ...
2011 to 2015 15,490 ... ...
2016 to 202157 21,140 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 300,430 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 280,850 ... ...
Major repairs needed 19,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 300,430 ... ...
One-maintainer household 154,495 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 130,400 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 15,540 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 300,430 ... ...
15 to 24 years 11,615 ... ...
25 to 34 years 46,285 ... ...
35 to 44 years 55,860 ... ...
45 to 54 years 51,940 ... ...
55 to 64 years 56,510 ... ...
65 to 74 years 44,825 ... ...
75 to 84 years 23,965 ... ...
85 years and over 9,440 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 299,745 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 239,255 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 60,490 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 53,280 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 300,430 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 94,430 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 52,455 ... ...
Not suitable only 18,635 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 13,810 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 3,760 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 4,030 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,490 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 240 ... ...
Acceptable housing 206,000 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 292,540 ... ...
In core need 34,425 ... ...
Not in core need 258,120 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 189,560 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,240 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,326 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 340,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 364,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 110,855 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 24.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,100 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,137 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 736,660 363,635 373,025
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 42,460 20,030 22,430
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 41,075 19,400 21,680
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 29,575 13,800 15,775
Métis single ancestry 11,270 5,475 5,795
Inuit single ancestry 230 120 110
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 1,390 635 750
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 1,340 605 735
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15 10 10
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 25 15 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 50,730 24,670 26,065
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 48,430 23,710 24,725
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 18,690 9,110 9,585
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 29,470 14,470 14,995
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 275 130 145
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 2,300 960 1,340
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,215 920 1,295
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50 20 30
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 20 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 643,465 318,935 324,530
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 736,660 363,630 373,025
Canadian citizens77 634,515 311,040 323,480
Canadian citizens aged under 18 132,535 67,745 64,785
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 501,980 243,290 258,690
Not Canadian citizens78 102,145 52,595 49,550
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 736,660 363,630 373,025
Non-immigrants80 505,525 249,260 256,260
Immigrants81 201,040 97,480 103,560
Before 1980 29,080 13,490 15,585
1980 to 1990 17,290 8,640 8,650
1991 to 2000 17,060 7,820 9,240
2001 to 2010 48,280 23,545 24,735
2011 to 202182 89,330 43,985 45,350
2011 to 2015 43,430 21,155 22,270
2016 to 2021 45,900 22,825 23,075
Non-permanent residents83 30,095 16,890 13,200
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 201,040 97,480 103,560
Under 5 years 19,145 9,850 9,290
5 to 14 years 37,070 19,205 17,865
15 to 24 years 35,750 16,795 18,955
25 to 44 years 91,925 43,405 48,520
45 years and over 17,155 8,220 8,930
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 201,040 97,480 103,560
Americas 17,800 8,495 9,300
Brazil 1,555 775 780
Colombia 795 410 380
El Salvador 1,465 760 700
Guyana 1,105 475 625
Haiti 150 75 80
Jamaica 1,820 865 950
Mexico 950 465 480
Peru 205 95 110
Trinidad and Tobago 1,505 750 755
United States of America 3,875 1,735 2,140
Other places of birth in Americas 4,380 2,085 2,295
Europe 33,300 16,135 17,165
Bosnia and Herzegovina 825 440 380
Croatia 640 290 355
France 655 375 280
Germany 3,010 1,415 1,595
Greece 705 390 315
Hungary 470 210 260
Italy 2,265 1,110 1,155
Netherlands 1,045 545 495
Poland 3,465 1,555 1,915
Portugal 3,430 1,635 1,795
Romania 510 270 240
Russian Federation 1,945 835 1,110
Serbia86 360 170 185
Ukraine 3,895 1,855 2,045
United Kingdom87 6,455 3,170 3,285
Other places of birth in Europe 3,615 1,865 1,750
Africa 23,455 11,695 11,765
Algeria 340 145 200
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,325 690 635
Egypt 1,165 600 570
Eritrea 2,615 1,350 1,265
Ethiopia 2,445 1,125 1,315
Morocco 440 220 220
Nigeria 7,440 3,855 3,585
Somalia 785 320 465
South Africa, Republic of 660 335 320
Other places of birth in Africa 6,250 3,050 3,200
Asia 125,980 60,885 65,090
Afghanistan 795 365 425
Iran88 1,030 585 440
Iraq 1,220 600 620
Lebanon 285 160 125
Syria89 1,670 905 765
Turkey 245 140 110
China90 8,900 4,140 4,760
Hong Kong91 1,165 600 570
Korea, South92 2,655 1,305 1,350
Taiwan 265 100 170
Philippines 62,100 28,940 33,160
Viet Nam 4,340 2,005 2,330
Bangladesh 1,245 635 610
India 27,605 14,265 13,340
Pakistan 3,735 1,915 1,820
Sri Lanka 1,065 500 560
Other places of birth in Asia 7,650 3,720 3,930
Oceania and other places of birth93 515 270 250
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 45,900 22,825 23,075
Americas 3,505 1,810 1,690
Brazil 1,265 650 620
Colombia 275 140 135
Haiti 50 30 20
Jamaica 335 190 140
Mexico 215 130 90
United States of America 590 325 260
Venezuela95 30 10 20
Other places of birth in Americas 750 340 405
Europe 2,770 1,410 1,360
France 130 80 50
Germany 35 15 25
Ireland96 80 50 30
Italy 130 60 65
Russian Federation 425 190 230
Ukraine 920 435 480
United Kingdom87 245 150 95
Other places of birth in Europe 800 420 375
Africa 9,410 4,700 4,705
Algeria 250 85 160
Burundi 90 60 35
Cameroon 80 30 50
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 395 205 185
Côte d'Ivoire 75 20 50
Egypt 255 125 130
Eritrea 1,230 640 585
Ethiopia 540 215 325
Morocco 210 110 100
Nigeria 4,350 2,275 2,075
Somalia 300 135 165
South Africa, Republic of 130 75 55
Sudan97 340 155 185
Tunisia 95 70 30
Other places of birth in Africa 1,075 500 580
Asia 30,145 14,860 15,285
Afghanistan 135 55 75
Bangladesh 570 265 305
China90 3,350 1,560 1,790
Hong Kong91 185 85 100
India 11,030 5,650 5,380
Iran88 255 140 115
Iraq 645 305 340
Israel 470 230 235
Japan 75 25 55
Jordan 145 60 85
Korea, South92 750 385 370
Lebanon 140 85 55
Nepal 85 45 40
Pakistan 1,090 575 515
Philippines 7,945 3,740 4,205
Saudi Arabia 115 55 55
Sri Lanka 175 80 95
Syria89 1,380 750 625
Turkey 120 55 60
United Arab Emirates 155 80 75
Viet Nam 530 220 305
Other places of birth in Asia 795 395 395
Oceania and other93 80 45 35
Australia 60 30 30
Other places of birth98 15 15 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 736,660 363,635 373,030
First generation100 236,410 117,070 119,345
Second generation101 131,455 65,405 66,055
Third generation or more102 368,795 181,160 187,635
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 171,965 83,990 87,970
Economic immigrants104 113,765 57,290 56,470
Principal applicants105 46,180 26,005 20,175
Secondary applicants106 67,580 31,285 36,300
Immigrants sponsored by family107 35,860 15,365 20,495
Refugees108 21,840 11,145 10,700
Other immigrants109 500 195 305
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 171,965 83,990 87,970
Asylum claim before admission111 1,900 1,060 840
Work permits only before admission112 9,430 4,555 4,870
Study permits only before admission113 3,080 1,585 1,490
Work and study permits before admission114 9,760 5,475 4,285
Other permits before admission115 685 340 345
No pre-admission experience116 147,110 70,975 76,140
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 736,660 363,635 373,030
Total visible minority population118 253,630 127,430 126,200
South Asian 62,460 33,650 28,810
Chinese 22,745 11,105 11,640
Black 40,085 20,415 19,670
Filipino 83,305 40,035 43,265
Arab 7,035 3,670 3,365
Latin American 8,910 4,460 4,440
Southeast Asian 10,285 4,950 5,335
West Asian 3,280 1,715 1,565
Korean 3,825 1,855 1,970
Japanese 1,520 715 805
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 2,800 1,295 1,505
Multiple visible minorities 7,380 3,560 3,825
Not a visible minority120 483,030 236,205 246,825
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 736,660 363,630 373,030
Canadian 51,625 26,385 25,240
English 107,395 52,540 54,860
Irish 77,850 36,970 40,885
Scottish 99,465 48,065 51,395
French, n.o.s.122 66,405 31,720 34,685
German 84,850 41,305 43,545
Chinese 26,290 12,790 13,505
Italian 16,915 8,380 8,530
Indian (India) 33,570 17,810 15,760
Ukrainian 90,380 43,520 46,860
Dutch 20,605 10,070 10,535
Polish 45,295 21,485 23,815
Québécois 765 370 395
British Isles, n.o.s.123 16,525 8,255 8,270
Filipino 80,110 38,430 41,680
French Canadian 7,525 3,440 4,085
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 8,225 4,215 4,015
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 21,030 10,105 10,925
Métis 44,360 21,515 22,850
European, n.o.s.126 7,835 4,030 3,810
Russian 21,260 10,030 11,230
Norwegian 9,620 4,420 5,200
Welsh 9,555 4,610 4,945
Portuguese 10,280 5,225 5,060
American 4,305 2,060 2,240
Spanish 8,450 4,040 4,415
Swedish 11,545 5,345 6,195
Hungarian 6,200 3,155 3,040
Acadian 880 385 495
Pakistani 4,510 2,350 2,165
African, n.o.s.127 7,195 3,720 3,475
Jewish 10,270 5,060 5,210
Punjabi 12,640 6,905 5,735
Vietnamese 6,790 3,235 3,560
Arab, n.o.s.128 2,925 1,610 1,310
Greek 3,040 1,580 1,460
Jamaican 3,550 1,850 1,700
Asian, n.o.s.129 8,345 4,130 4,215
Cree, n.o.s.130 9,470 4,330 5,145
Korean 3,715 1,765 1,950
Romanian 3,385 1,615 1,770
Lebanese 1,095 585 515
Iranian 1,330 765 565
Christian, n.i.e.131 2,025 1,070 955
Danish 4,145 1,990 2,155
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 8,225 3,965 4,255
Sikh 8,390 4,500 3,890
Austrian 6,505 3,060 3,440
Belgian 9,305 4,535 4,775
Haitian 305 175 130
Hindu 3,470 1,885 1,590
Mexican 1,795 885 910
Mennonite 15,125 7,505 7,620
Swiss 2,485 1,145 1,340
Finnish 2,475 1,195 1,280
Sri Lankan 1,075 560 515
Croatian 2,330 1,160 1,165
Japanese 2,205 1,055 1,150
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,545 825 725
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 620 280 335
Northern European, n.o.s.135 2,265 1,040 1,235
Muslim 1,660 875 785
Egyptian 1,380 720 660
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 1,870 850 1,025
Tamil 325 190 135
Icelandic 15,870 7,740 8,125
Colombian 975 490 490
Moroccan 485 220 265
Czech 2,655 1,310 1,345
Syrian 1,265 650 615
Guyanese 1,270 620 645
Afghan 1,195 595 595
Black, n.o.s.137 1,885 990 895
Serbian 1,105 550 550
Ojibway 8,225 3,825 4,405
Newfoundlander 365 180 185
Hong Konger 990 500 485
Ontarian 305 135 165
Persian 495 255 240
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,060 990 1,070
Turkish 775 455 320
Inuit, n.o.s.138 635 320 315
Bangladeshi 1,830 1,115 720
Algerian 285 145 140
Brazilian 1,800 875 925
Nigerian 4,700 2,420 2,285
Armenian 305 145 160
Slovak 1,205 565 645
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,945 925 1,020
Somali 1,355 655