Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
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Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
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First official language spoken
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Mississauga, City (CY)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 717,961 ... ...
Population, 20161 721,599 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 254,089 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 244,575 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,452.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 292.74 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 717,960 351,545 366,415
0 to 14 years 109,320 55,990 53,325
0 to 4 years 31,595 16,160 15,435
5 to 9 years 36,740 18,705 18,040
10 to 14 years 40,980 21,125 19,855
15 to 64 years 489,245 241,065 248,185
15 to 19 years 44,665 23,245 21,425
20 to 24 years 51,660 27,075 24,585
25 to 29 years 51,740 26,945 24,795
30 to 34 years 48,420 24,160 24,265
35 to 39 years 46,900 22,775 24,130
40 to 44 years 44,290 20,520 23,770
45 to 49 years 46,350 21,480 24,865
50 to 54 years 51,670 24,380 27,295
55 to 59 years 55,175 26,900 28,280
60 to 64 years 48,360 23,595 24,770
65 years and over 119,400 54,490 64,910
65 to 69 years 37,880 18,130 19,755
70 to 74 years 30,975 14,455 16,520
75 to 79 years 21,165 9,710 11,455
80 to 84 years 14,710 6,675 8,030
85 years and over 14,670 5,520 9,150
85 to 89 years 9,115 3,680 5,440
90 to 94 years 4,285 1,535 2,750
95 to 99 years 1,125 275 845
100 years and over 155 35 120
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.2 15.9 14.6
15 to 64 years 68.1 68.6 67.7
65 years and over 16.6 15.5 17.7
85 years and over 2.0 1.6 2.5
Average age of the population 41.1 40.1 42.1
Median age of the population 40.8 39.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 244,575 ... ...
Single-detached house 90,660 ... ...
Semi-detached house 26,855 ... ...
Row house 34,455 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,895 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,545 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 66,830 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 255 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 244,575 ... ...
1 person 47,335 ... ...
2 persons 67,705 ... ...
3 persons 47,360 ... ...
4 persons 47,210 ... ...
5 or more persons 34,965 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 712,825 349,900 362,925
Average household size 2.9 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 608,645 295,555 313,090
Married or living common-law 342,985 171,345 171,645
Married 316,235 157,940 158,295
Living common-law 26,750 13,405 13,345
Living common law - Never married 18,380 9,205 9,180
Living common law - Separated 1,320 750 570
Living common law - Divorced 6,410 3,165 3,245
Living common law - Widowed 645 285 360
Not married and not living common-law 265,660 124,210 141,445
Not married and not living common law - Never married 190,760 102,375 88,390
Not married and not living common law - Separated 14,180 5,415 8,760
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 30,475 10,680 19,800
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 30,240 5,740 24,500
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 200,800 ... ...
2 persons 81,180 ... ...
3 persons 50,845 ... ...
4 persons 48,155 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,620 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 200,800 ... ...
Total couple families 165,710 ... ...
Married couples 152,350 ... ...
With children6 100,340 ... ...
Without children 52,010 ... ...
Common-law couples 13,355 ... ...
With children6 5,330 ... ...
Without children 8,025 ... ...
Total one-parent families 35,090 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 28,715 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 6,380 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 712,825 349,895 362,925
Total - Persons in census families 617,560 306,115 311,450
Married spouses or common-law partners 331,415 165,705 165,710
Parents in one-parent families 35,095 6,380 28,715
Children6 251,055 134,030 117,025
In a two-parent family 196,690 104,545 92,145
In a one-parent family 54,365 29,485 24,875
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 95,265 43,785 51,480
Living alone 47,335 20,450 26,890
Living with other relatives7 23,355 8,670 14,680
Living with non-relatives only 24,575 14,665 9,910
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 244,575 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 158,795 ... ...
Couple-family households 133,805 ... ...
With children6 87,100 ... ...
Without children 46,705 ... ...
One-parent-family households 24,990 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 15,945 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 3,305 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 9,850 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 9,350 ... ...
One-person households 47,335 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 603,590 293,945 309,645
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 571,335 278,075 293,260
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200 43,200 35,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 571,620 278,205 293,415
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 39,200 33,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 502,730 251,855 250,870
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,800 40,800 29,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 416,025 214,690 201,345
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 43,600 33,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 518,755 250,215 268,540
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,800 6,000 9,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 53,615 22,615 30,995
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,480 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 188,245 93,920 94,330
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,000 8,000 9,700
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 603,595 293,930 309,665
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 571,305 278,290 293,015
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,150 61,900 46,840
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 571,595 278,435 293,165
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,640 49,760 39,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 502,720 252,405 250,315
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,120 59,450 42,720
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 416,030 215,060 200,970
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,450 59,600 44,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 519,055 250,380 268,675
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,110 8,880 11,260
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 53,365 22,595 30,765
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,300 5,845 6,630
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 187,375 93,085 94,290
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,660 9,550 9,770
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 603,590 293,930 309,665
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 200,090 111,360 88,735
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,500 72,000 61,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 82,300 89,800 72,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 156,125 74,510 81,615
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,600 18,200 15,300
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,320 30,120 24,740
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.0 87.0 78.0
Employment income (%)19 70.6 74.4 65.6
Government transfers (%)20 17.0 12.9 22.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.8 1.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.5 5.6 7.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.9 5.2 6.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 603,590 293,950 309,645
Without total income 32,255 15,870 16,385
With total income 571,340 278,080 293,260
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,240 25,220 34,025
$10,000 to $19,999 72,465 32,655 39,815
$20,000 to $29,999 91,495 41,225 50,275
$30,000 to $39,999 68,405 30,690 37,715
$40,000 to $49,999 56,785 25,965 30,820
$50,000 to $59,999 47,345 22,500 24,850
$60,000 to $69,999 37,410 18,550 18,860
$70,000 to $79,999 29,075 15,260 13,820
$80,000 to $89,999 23,260 13,145 10,110
$90,000 to $99,999 18,555 10,620 7,940
$100,000 and over 67,295 42,255 25,040
$100,000 to $149,999 45,390 27,065 18,320
$150,000 and over 21,910 15,190 6,720
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 603,590 293,950 309,645
Without after-tax income 31,970 15,740 16,230
With after-tax income 571,625 278,205 293,415
Under $10,000 (including loss) 61,165 25,970 35,200
$10,000 to $19,999 75,560 34,230 41,330
$20,000 to $29,999 101,790 45,725 56,070
$30,000 to $39,999 79,410 36,350 43,055
$40,000 to $49,999 66,680 31,555 35,125
$50,000 to $59,999 51,360 25,250 26,110
$60,000 to $69,999 37,625 19,915 17,710
$70,000 to $79,999 27,845 15,825 12,020
$80,000 to $89,999 22,560 12,335 10,225
$90,000 to $99,999 13,935 8,305 5,630
$100,000 and over 33,685 22,750 10,935
$100,000 to $124,999 17,235 11,235 6,000
$125,000 and over 16,455 11,515 4,940
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 603,590 293,950 309,645
Without employment income 187,565 79,260 108,305
With employment income 416,030 214,685 201,340
Under $5,000 (including loss) 59,875 28,915 30,965
$5,000 to $9,999 37,860 17,075 20,785
$10,000 to $19,999 47,080 22,425 24,650
$20,000 to $29,999 34,425 16,740 17,685
$30,000 to $39,999 33,370 16,010 17,360
$40,000 to $49,999 34,265 16,470 17,795
$50,000 to $59,999 32,040 15,975 16,060
$60,000 to $69,999 27,140 14,165 12,975
$70,000 to $79,999 21,620 11,860 9,755
$80,000 to $89,999 18,350 10,780 7,570
$90,000 to $99,999 15,430 8,980 6,455
$100,000 and over 54,580 35,290 19,295
$100,000 to $124,999 26,110 15,370 10,740
$125,000 and over 28,470 19,920 8,555
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 603,590 293,945 309,645
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 555,325 269,545 285,775
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 42,000 32,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 555,470 269,570 285,905
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 37,600 30,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 493,325 246,865 246,465
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 42,400 31,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 414,210 213,365 200,845
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 44,400 35,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 485,020 233,245 251,770
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,360 830 3,080
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 29,645 11,520 18,120
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,800 5,480 6,040
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 603,595 293,930 309,665
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 555,320 269,620 285,705
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,200 58,950 43,920
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 555,460 269,645 285,815
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,000 47,280 37,080
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 493,010 246,895 246,115
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,650 59,750 43,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 414,475 213,590 200,885
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,550 59,650 45,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 485,385 233,615 251,770
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,125 4,864 7,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,625 11,445 18,180
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,500 6,640 8,040
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 603,590 293,930 309,665
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 197,530 109,850 87,675
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,000 67,000 56,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,000 84,500 67,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 145,220 69,305 75,915
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,600 25,200 21,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,920 37,680 30,440
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 89.6 92.8 85.4
Employment income (%) 76.6 80.2 72.0
Government transfers (%) 10.5 7.1 14.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.8 0.5 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 244,575 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 47,335 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 197,235 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 244,575 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 126,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 104,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 47,355 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 58,650 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 197,220 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 142,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 117,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 244,575 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,095 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,215 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,050 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,945 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,680 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,605 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,840 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,465 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,580 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,690 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,570 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,810 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,860 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,345 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,790 ... ...
$100,000 and over 125,035 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,045 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,255 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 33,085 ... ...
$200,000 and over 36,655 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 244,575 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,450 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,275 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,090 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,165 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,100 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,270 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,615 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,375 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,860 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,230 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,505 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,755 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,855 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,180 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,815 ... ...
$100,000 and over 105,040 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,890 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,375 ... ...
$150,000 and over 47,775 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 192,130 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 48,770 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 105,670 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 141,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,410 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 71,910 35,115 36,800
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,600 40,400 38,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,000 36,400 35,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 191,900 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 142,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 117,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 48,565 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 117,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 105,835 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 166,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 30,225 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 81,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 71,855 35,350 36,500
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 51,120 52,350 49,960
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 42,680 42,920 42,440
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 712,825 349,900 362,930
0 to 17 years 135,865 69,835 66,030
0 to 5 years 38,655 19,720 18,935
18 to 64 years 461,865 226,785 235,080
65 years and over 115,095 53,280 61,820
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 66,740 31,335 35,405
0 to 17 years 16,105 8,330 7,770
0 to 5 years 4,885 2,495 2,390
18 to 64 years 37,080 17,675 19,400
65 years and over 13,560 5,330 8,230
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.4 9.0 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 11.9 11.9 11.8
0 to 5 years (%) 12.6 12.6 12.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0 7.8 8.3
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.0 13.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 712,825 349,895 362,925
0 to 17 years 135,865 69,840 66,025
0 to 5 years 38,655 19,720 18,935
18 to 64 years 461,865 226,780 235,085
65 years and over 115,100 53,275 61,820
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 41,965 21,280 20,685
0 to 17 years 8,615 4,465 4,155
0 to 5 years 2,640 1,355 1,290
18 to 64 years 28,650 14,830 13,820
65 years and over 4,700 1,985 2,715
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 6.1 5.7
0 to 17 years (%) 6.3 6.4 6.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.8 6.9 6.8
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 6.5 5.9
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.7 4.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 712,825 349,900 362,930
In bottom half of the distribution 313,175 151,265 161,910
In bottom decile 61,650 30,120 31,530
In second decile 59,710 28,095 31,610
In third decile 61,960 29,800 32,160
In fourth decile 63,455 30,765 32,690
In fifth decile 66,405 32,480 33,915
In top half of the distribution 399,650 198,630 201,020
In sixth decile 70,015 34,345 35,670
In seventh decile 73,495 36,290 37,205
In eighth decile 78,265 38,865 39,395
In ninth decile 86,475 42,975 43,500
In top decile 91,405 46,155 45,250
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 712,825 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.343 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.450 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.297 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 714,840 350,580 364,250
English only 641,785 320,635 321,140
French only 535 210 330
English and French 47,965 20,490 27,475
Neither English nor French 24,550 9,245 15,300
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 714,840 350,580 364,250
English 676,630 335,215 341,410
French 7,395 3,300 4,090
English and French 6,705 3,035 3,665
Neither English nor French 24,110 9,025 15,080
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 714,840 350,580 364,250
Single responses 654,950 321,420 333,530
Official languages 326,820 163,730 163,090
English 320,640 160,955 159,690
French 6,180 2,775 3,405
Non-official languages 328,130 157,695 170,435
Indigenous languages39 10 5 10
Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 328,120 157,690 170,430
Afro-Asiatic languages 37,470 18,825 18,640
Berber languages 50 30 25
Kabyle 20 10 10
Tamazight 15 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Chadic languages 40 20 20
Hausa 35 20 20
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 155 75 80
Cushitic languages 1,070 445 620
Bilen 10 5 5
Oromo 20 10 10
Somali 1,025 425 605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Semitic languages 36,160 18,255 17,900
Amharic 360 165 190
Arabic 33,265 16,865 16,405
Aramaic languages 1,505 740 765
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,030 505 525
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 375 180 190
Aramaic, n.o.s. 100 50 50
Harari 40 20 20
Hebrew 50 30 20
Maltese 685 320 370
Tigrigna 235 125 115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,440 4,730 5,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 40 35
Vietnamese 10,355 4,685 5,670
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 10
Austronesian languages 21,720 9,175 12,545
Bikol 95 35 60
Bisaya, n.o.s. 190 70 120
Cebuano 515 205 310
Fijian 5 0 5
Hiligaynon 295 115 180
Ilocano 755 330 430
Indonesian 920 425 490
Kankanaey 15 5 5
Kinaray-a 10 5 10
Malagasy languages 5 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Malay 45 20 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 285 135 145
Pangasinan 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,325 7,705 10,620
Waray-Waray 65 25 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85
Creole languages 695 320 375
Haitian Creole 50 25 25
Jamaican English Creole 20 10 10
Krio 10 0 10
Morisyen 370 175 190
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 125 55 70
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 50 75
Dravidian languages 17,630 8,905 8,730
Kannada 800 385 410
Malayalam 3,480 1,795 1,680
Tamil 10,275 5,070 5,205
Telugu 2,940 1,580 1,360
Tulu 95 50 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Georgian 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 189,030 92,165 96,860
Albanian 2,485 1,245 1,245
Armenian 525 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 46,030 21,540 24,495
Baltic languages 540 230 320
Latvian 95 35 60
Lithuanian 450 190 260
Slavic languages 45,490 21,310 24,180
Belarusian 30 15 15
Bulgarian 990 485 505
Czech 530 235 290
Macedonian 1,060 510 550
Polish 22,070 10,175 11,895
Russian 4,615 2,035 2,575
Rusyn 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 8,955 4,420 4,540
Bosnian 1,125 555 565
Croatian 4,075 1,960 2,110
Serbian 3,645 1,845 1,800
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 110 50 60
Slovak 590 265 325
Slovene (Slovenian) 670 290 375
Ukrainian 5,960 2,865 3,095
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Celtic languages 15 10 10
Irish 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Germanic languages 3,070 1,330 1,740
Frisian 5 0 5
High German languages 2,215 955 1,260
German 2,170 935 1,235
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 45 20 30
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 610 285 325
Afrikaans 95 40 50
Dutch 490 230 260
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5
Scandinavian languages 240 90 150
Danish 125 50 75
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 20 10 15
Swedish 95 30 65
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Greek 2,065 1,010 1,055
Indo-Iranian languages 92,180 46,790 45,390
Indo-Aryan languages 85,835 43,600 42,235
Assamese 45 25 25
Bengali 4,020 1,965 2,050
Gujarati 7,260 3,635 3,625
Hindi 11,685 5,970 5,710
Kacchi 280 130 150
Kashmiri 75 40 40
Konkani 715 350 360
Marathi 1,990 1,010 985
Nepali 895 475 415
Oriya languages 235 125 110
Odia 155 90 70
Oriya, n.o.s. 80 40 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20,690 10,845 9,845
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 595 305 290
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,105 525 580
Urdu 35,995 18,070 17,930
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 245 125 120
Iranian languages 6,325 3,180 3,150
Baluchi 30 15 10
Kurdish 250 140 110
Parsi 5 0 0
Pashto 1,170 615 555
Persian languages 4,875 2,410 2,465
Dari 2,220 1,080 1,140
Iranian Persian 2,230 1,120 1,110
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 420 205 215
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
Italic (Romance) languages 42,635 19,990 22,645
Catalan 15 10 5
Italian 10,260 4,950 5,310
Portuguese 14,050 6,570 7,485
Romanian 2,530 1,200 1,330
Spanish 15,765 7,255 8,510
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
Japanese 750 265 485
Korean 4,370 2,000 2,370
Mongolian 35 15 20
Niger-Congo languages 2,090 940 1,155
Akan (Twi) 630 270 360
Bamanankan 5 0 0
Edo 70 25 40
Éwé 50 20 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5
Ga 50 20 25
Ganda 45 25 20
Gikuyu 45 15 30
Igbo 190 100 90
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15
Lingala 20 5 10
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 20 10 10
Ndebele 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 25
Shona 50 20 35
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 15 5 5
Swahili 255 115 145
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 15 5 10
Yoruba 385 185 195
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 70 95
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 40 20
Dinka 5 5 0
Nuer 20 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 130 70 60
American Sign Language 110 55 55
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 40,325 18,620 21,705
Chinese languages 39,910 18,415 21,490
Hakka 250 115 130
Mandarin 23,180 10,740 12,440
Min Dong 45 25 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 885 395 490
Wu (Shanghainese) 280 130 150
Yue (Cantonese) 14,830 6,810 8,020
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 190 220
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 190 205
Burmese 110 55 55
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 265 125 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 305 115 190
Lao 145 70 75
Thai 155 45 110
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Turkic languages 1,435 765 665
Azerbaijani 45 15 25
Kazakh 5 0 0
Turkish 1,235 665 565
Uyghur 80 40 40
Uzbek 45 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Uralic languages 1,570 705 865
Estonian 105 55 55
Finnish 105 35 65
Hungarian 1,360 620 740
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Multiple responses 59,890 29,160 30,725
English and French 2,500 1,140 1,365
English and non-official language(s) 50,705 24,930 25,770
French and non-official language(s) 960 440 520
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,400 625 775
Multiple non-official languages 4,325 2,030 2,295
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 714,840 350,580 364,250
English 339,600 169,550 170,055
French 1,660 785 875
Non-official language 92,650 43,395 49,250
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 92,645 43,395 49,250
English and French 6,065 2,620 3,450
English and non-official language(s) 257,535 126,595 130,945
French and non-official language(s) 500 215 280
English, French and non-official language(s) 8,490 3,615 4,870
Multiple non-official languages 8,335 3,805 4,530
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 714,840 350,580 364,250
Single responses 642,395 315,100 327,300
Official languages 445,105 220,205 224,900
English 442,265 218,885 223,385
French 2,840 1,325 1,515
Non-official languages 197,295 94,895 102,395
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 197,290 94,895 102,400
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,565 11,015 11,550
Berber languages 25 15 15
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 15 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 25 15 10
Hausa 25 15 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 90 40 50
Cushitic languages 505 210 295
Bilen 5 5 0
Oromo 10 5 0
Somali 485 205 285
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 21,920 10,730 11,185
Amharic 135 60 75
Arabic 20,380 10,005 10,375
Aramaic languages 1,095 520 575
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 730 345 380
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140
Aramaic, n.o.s. 100 50 50
Harari 20 10 10
Hebrew 15 10 5
Maltese 165 80 90
Tigrigna 95 45 50
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,495 3,435 4,060
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 5
Vietnamese 7,475 3,425 4,045
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 11,880 5,400 6,485
Bikol 25 5 15
Bisaya, n.o.s. 95 40 55
Cebuano 265 115 150
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 160 70 90
Ilocano 350 160 190
Indonesian 385 175 215
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 155 70 85
Pangasinan 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,335 4,710 5,630
Waray-Waray 20 10 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30
Creole languages 430 205 230
Haitian Creole 25 10 15
Jamaican English Creole 15 10 10
Krio 5 0 5
Morisyen 295 140 155
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 65 30 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Dravidian languages 11,535 5,700 5,835
Kannada 440 230 215
Malayalam 2,075 1,055 1,025
Tamil 7,195 3,460 3,730
Telugu 1,765 925 840
Tulu 40 20 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Georgian 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 107,145 52,170 54,970
Albanian 1,240 605 635
Armenian 275 125 150
Balto-Slavic languages 25,395 12,040 13,355
Baltic languages 190 80 110
Latvian 15 5 10
Lithuanian 175 75 100
Slavic languages 25,205 11,960 13,245
Belarusian 10 5 5
Bulgarian 560 275 285
Czech 160 70 85
Macedonian 535 250 280
Polish 12,460 5,830 6,625
Russian 3,060 1,420 1,640
Rusyn 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 4,535 2,230 2,305
Bosnian 580 280 300
Croatian 1,765 845 920
Serbian 2,150 1,080 1,065
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40 15 20
Slovak 225 95 125
Slovene (Slovenian) 130 60 70
Ukrainian 3,520 1,710 1,810
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 265 115 150
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 185 75 110
German 180 75 105
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 60 30 30
Afrikaans 25 15 10
Dutch 30 15 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 10 15
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 15 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 705 330 375
Indo-Iranian languages 59,885 30,070 29,815
Indo-Aryan languages 56,140 28,265 27,880
Assamese 35 15 20
Bengali 2,540 1,215 1,330
Gujarati 4,335 2,085 2,250
Hindi 6,860 3,475 3,385
Kacchi 130 55 75
Kashmiri 30 15 10
Konkani 140 60 80
Marathi 1,175 600 575
Nepali 575 305 275
Oriya languages 120 65 55
Odia 75 45 35
Oriya, n.o.s. 50 25 25
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,860 7,820 7,035
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 315 165 150
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 560 265 295
Urdu 24,310 12,050 12,260
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75
Iranian languages 3,740 1,810 1,935
Baluchi 15 5 5
Kurdish 150 80 70
Parsi 5 0 0
Pashto 695 340 355
Persian languages 2,880 1,385 1,500
Dari 1,300 630 670
Iranian Persian 1,315 620 685
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 270 130 140
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Italic (Romance) languages 19,370 8,880 10,490
Catalan 5 5 5
Italian 2,825 1,195 1,630
Portuguese 5,925 2,760 3,165
Romanian 1,245 595 645
Spanish 9,365 4,320 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 440 190 255
Korean 3,145 1,470 1,675
Mongolian 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 760 345 415
Akan (Twi) 295 125 165
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 10 5 10
Éwé 15 10 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5
Ga 20 10 10
Ganda 15 10 5
Gikuyu 5 5 0
Igbo 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5
Lingala 25 10 10
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 10 5 5
Ndebele 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5
Shona 15 5 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 80 40 45
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 135 60 75
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 25 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 15 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 280 160 115
American Sign Language 210 115 90
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 75 45 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 30,050 14,015 16,040
Chinese languages 29,760 13,875 15,880
Hakka 65 40 30
Mandarin 18,070 8,550 9,515
Min Dong 30 15 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 415 185 235
Wu (Shanghainese) 205 95 110
Yue (Cantonese) 10,705 4,870 5,835
Chinese, n.o.s. 255 120 140
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 295 140 155
Burmese 80 35 40
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 210 100 105
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 135 70 65
Lao 70 40 35
Thai 65 35 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 840 435 410
Azerbaijani 20 10 15
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 735 385 345
Uyghur 65 30 35
Uzbek 20 10 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Uralic languages 505 245 260
Estonian 10 0 5
Finnish 15 5 5
Hungarian 485 230 250
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Multiple responses 72,440 35,485 36,955
English and French 1,525 680 850
English and non-official language(s) 68,355 33,655 34,700
French and non-official language(s) 325 150 175
English, French and non-official language(s) 885 375 510
Multiple non-official languages 1,340 620 720
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 714,840 350,585 364,255
None 492,280 242,340 249,940
English 84,240 41,680 42,560
French 6,000 2,525 3,475
Non-official language 101,055 48,865 52,195
Indigenous39 15 5 10
Non-Indigenous 101,040 48,855 52,180
English and French 1,250 540 710
English and non-official language(s) 12,975 6,475 6,505
French and non-official language(s) 3,690 1,555 2,135
English, French and non-official language(s) 195 90 105
Multiple non-official languages 13,150 6,520 6,635
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 712,825 349,875 362,945
Official languages 688,520 340,690 347,835
English 688,000 340,480 347,520
French 48,150 20,240 27,905
Non-official languages 438,795 211,915 226,880
Indigenous languages39 55 30 20
Algonquian languages 40 20 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 10 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 10 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 15 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 15 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15 10 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 438,745 211,880 226,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 54,370 27,465 26,905
Berber languages 100 45 55
Kabyle 25 0 20
Tamazight 35 25 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Chadic languages 125 65 60
Hausa 100 55 50
Mina 25 0 15
Coptic 700 305 395
Cushitic languages 1,785 755 1,030
Bilen 15 0 0
Oromo 60 35 25
Somali 1,705 710 995
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,455 26,650 25,810
Amharic 600 300 300
Arabic 49,495 25,250 24,250
Aramaic languages 2,205 1,120 1,085
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,375 715 660
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 585 295 290
Aramaic, n.o.s. 265 120 150
Harari 35 15 20
Hebrew 505 285 225
Maltese 1,005 475 535
Tigrigna 435 190 245
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,870 6,505 7,365
Khmer (Cambodian) 160 95 65
Vietnamese 13,745 6,425 7,320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 10 0
Austronesian languages 30,380 12,860 17,520
Bikol 145 55 100
Bisaya, n.o.s. 225 95 130
Cebuano 1,070 405 665
Fijian 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 515 205 305
Ilocano 1,400 595 805
Indonesian 1,220 540 680
Kankanaey 20 15 10
Kinaray-a 50 15 30
Malagasy languages 40 15 25
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Malay 350 195 160
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 410 185 225
Pangasinan 70 30 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,240 11,900 16,340
Waray-Waray 165 65 100
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 520 220 305
Creole languages 2,370 1,080 1,285
Haitian Creole 205 110 90
Jamaican English Creole 280 105 175
Krio 10 0 10
Morisyen 1,035 515 520
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 745 310 440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 265 110 155
Dravidian languages 27,955 14,220 13,730
Kannada 2,555 1,295 1,260
Malayalam 5,875 2,970 2,905
Tamil 17,180 8,685 8,495
Telugu 5,570 3,100 2,460
Tulu 390 200 185
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85
Georgian 130 60 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 263,220 129,250 133,975
Albanian 3,590 1,770 1,820
Armenian 760 365 395
Balto-Slavic languages 55,720 26,465 29,255
Baltic languages 560 250 315
Latvian 105 40 65
Lithuanian 455 205 245
Slavic languages 55,330 26,280 29,050
Belarusian 175 80 90
Bulgarian 1,350 700 645
Czech 845 415 430
Macedonian 1,690 775 920
Polish 27,810 13,075 14,730
Russian 9,165 4,250 4,920
Rusyn 30 15 10
Serbo-Croatian 11,745 5,870 5,875
Bosnian 2,100 1,025 1,080
Croatian 6,735 3,300 3,435
Serbian 4,950 2,535 2,415
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 185 85 100
Slovak 645 305 335
Slovene (Slovenian) 995 400 595
Ukrainian 8,620 4,015 4,605
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Celtic languages 80 40 40
Irish 55 35 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 15 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 6,755 3,255 3,500
Frisian 10 10 0
High German languages 5,230 2,570 2,660
German 5,190 2,550 2,640
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 55 15 40
Yiddish 15 15 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,190 590 600
Afrikaans 385 200 190
Dutch 745 360 385
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 55 25 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 20 0
Scandinavian languages 525 240 290
Danish 225 105 115
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 65 40 25
Swedish 265 110 150
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20
Greek 3,320 1,695 1,625
Indo-Iranian languages 139,200 70,370 68,830
Indo-Aryan languages 132,170 66,840 65,330
Assamese 100 50 50
Bengali 6,400 3,130 3,275
Gujarati 12,330 6,155 6,175
Hindi 54,740 27,605 27,135
Kacchi 605 265 340
Kashmiri 240 115 125
Konkani 1,975 890 1,085
Marathi 5,100 2,565 2,540
Nepali 1,260 625 635
Oriya languages 435 240 195
Odia 225 125 100
Oriya, n.o.s. 215 115 100
Punjabi (Panjabi) 37,835 19,910 17,925
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 1,355 695 660
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,005 955 1,055
Urdu 55,765 27,985 27,775
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 920 475 445
Iranian languages 8,635 4,340 4,295
Baluchi 30 15 15
Kurdish 490 305 180
Parsi 10 0 10
Pashto 2,055 1,080 970
Persian languages 6,505 3,210 3,300
Dari 3,085 1,495 1,590
Iranian Persian 3,105 1,585 1,515
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 480 210 270
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70
Italic (Romance) languages 59,405 28,185 31,215
Catalan 15 0 10
Italian 16,055 7,840 8,210
Portuguese 18,895 8,830 10,065
Romanian 3,120 1,545 1,580
Spanish 24,075 11,240 12,835
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 85 60 30
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65
Japanese 1,775 810 965
Korean 5,260 2,445 2,815
Mongolian 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 6,195 2,805 3,390
Akan (Twi) 1,225 495 730
Bamanankan 20 0 10
Edo 315 130 180
Éwé 100 50 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 95 50 45
Ga 195 90 110
Ganda 50 20 30
Gikuyu 110 35 80
Igbo 500 240 260
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 30 65
Lingala 190 60 125
Luba-Kasai 10 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 45 15 30
Ndebele 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 20 55
Shona 130 60 75
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 30 10 20
Swahili 1,550 740 810
Wojenaka 15 10 0
Wolof 65 20 40
Yoruba 1,455 730 730
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 685 310 370
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 20 45
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40
African, n.o.s. 35 15 20
Sign languages 675 340 335
American Sign Language 585 295 290
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 125 70 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 47,480 22,215 25,265
Chinese languages 47,005 21,970 25,035
Hakka 400 200 200
Mandarin 31,700 14,725 16,980
Min Dong 40 25 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,660 745 920
Wu (Shanghainese) 465 190 275
Yue (Cantonese) 19,900 9,320 10,585
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 195 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 455 235 220
Burmese 115 65 50
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 290 145 145
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Tai-Kadai languages 440 195 250
Lao 210 90 120
Thai 290 115 175
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,440 1,330 1,120
Azerbaijani 105 40 60
Kazakh 10 0 10
Turkish 2,245 1,225 1,020
Uyghur 45 30 15
Uzbek 55 40 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Uralic languages 1,835 875 965
Estonian 140 70 70
Finnish 145 60 85
Hungarian 1,560 745 810
Other languages, n.i.e. 135 80 60
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 712,825 349,875 362,950
Indigenous identity45 3,555 1,795 1,755
Single Indigenous responses46 3,375 1,715 1,660
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,950 985 975
Métis 1,395 730 670
Inuk (Inuit) 25 0 25
Multiple Indigenous responses47 55 15 35
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 125 65 60
Non-Indigenous identity 709,270 348,080 361,185
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 712,825 349,875 362,950
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,005 500 500
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 711,820 349,375 362,445
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 244,575 ... ...
Owner 172,225 ... ...
Renter 72,355 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 244,575 ... ...
Condominium 69,070 ... ...
Not condominium 175,510 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 244,575 ... ...
No bedrooms 1,275 ... ...
1 bedroom 31,240 ... ...
2 bedrooms 49,850 ... ...
3 bedrooms 79,885 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 82,320 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 244,575 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 78,710 ... ...
5 rooms 36,265 ... ...
6 rooms 35,265 ... ...
7 rooms 28,750 ... ...
8 or more rooms 65,590 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 244,575 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 229,855 ... ...
More than one person per room 14,720 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 244,575 ... ...
Suitable 216,910 ... ...
Not suitable 27,660 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 244,575 ... ...
1960 or before 17,730 ... ...
1961 to 1980 75,015 ... ...
1981 to 1990 47,955 ... ...
1991 to 2000 46,745 ... ...
2001 to 2005 23,530 ... ...
2006 to 2010 15,745 ... ...
2011 to 2015 9,550 ... ...
2016 to 202157 8,300 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 244,575 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 232,950 ... ...
Major repairs needed 11,625 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 244,575 ... ...
One-maintainer household 110,565 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 112,395 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 21,620 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 244,575 ... ...
15 to 24 years 3,595 ... ...
25 to 34 years 24,745 ... ...
35 to 44 years 40,875 ... ...
45 to 54 years 51,605 ... ...
55 to 64 years 58,260 ... ...
65 to 74 years 38,545 ... ...
75 to 84 years 19,955 ... ...
85 years and over 6,995 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 243,100 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 174,940 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 68,155 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 60,495 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 244,575 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 95,180 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 57,695 ... ...
Not suitable only 19,345 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 6,285 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 6,515 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 3,535 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,390 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 415 ... ...
Acceptable housing 149,400 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 235,435 ... ...
In core need 35,085 ... ...
Not in core need 200,350 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 172,220 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 23.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 9.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,800 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,974 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 900,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 999,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 72,350 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 12.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 39.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 28.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,600 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,650 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 712,825 349,880 362,950
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 755 365 390
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 750 360 390
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 490 220 265
Métis single ancestry 255 140 115
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 4,295 2,230 2,060
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 4,200 2,195 2,005
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,050 1,610 1,445
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,135 580 550
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 10 10
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 90 35 60
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 70 25 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 10 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 707,780 347,285 360,495
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 712,825 349,880 362,945
Canadian citizens77 600,215 294,035 306,180
Canadian citizens aged under 18 118,190 60,365 57,825
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 482,020 233,670 248,350
Not Canadian citizens78 112,610 55,840 56,770
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 712,825 349,880 362,945
Non-immigrants80 306,375 154,210 152,165
Immigrants81 379,425 181,245 198,175
Before 1980 58,680 27,785 30,890
1980 to 1990 47,340 22,805 24,535
1991 to 2000 83,110 39,565 43,540
2001 to 2010 95,400 45,225 50,175
2011 to 202182 94,895 45,860 49,040
2011 to 2015 42,390 19,970 22,420
2016 to 2021 52,500 25,885 26,620
Non-permanent residents83 27,030 14,420 12,610
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 379,420 181,245 198,175
Under 5 years 32,680 16,660 16,020
5 to 14 years 63,840 33,265 30,575
15 to 24 years 70,345 31,280 39,065
25 to 44 years 173,645 81,920 91,725
45 years and over 38,915 18,120 20,795
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 379,420 181,245 198,175
Americas 46,530 20,760 25,765
Brazil 1,275 550 730
Colombia 3,385 1,555 1,830
El Salvador 815 390 425
Guyana 6,240 2,705 3,530
Haiti 155 90 70
Jamaica 11,015 4,620 6,390
Mexico 1,390 620 770
Peru 1,335 600 740
Trinidad and Tobago 5,760 2,595 3,165
United States of America 5,580 2,610 2,970
Other places of birth in Americas 9,565 4,415 5,150
Europe 77,850 37,130 40,720
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,385 1,215 1,175
Croatia 3,035 1,510 1,525
France 625 305 325
Germany 2,115 985 1,125
Greece 1,385 695 695
Hungary 690 320 370
Italy 6,805 3,450 3,355
Netherlands 475 235 245
Poland 19,025 8,650 10,380
Portugal 10,415 5,020 5,395
Romania 2,645 1,270 1,375
Russian Federation 1,985 860 1,125
Serbia86 1,835 930 905
Ukraine 4,675 2,205 2,475
United Kingdom87 9,225 4,530 4,695
Other places of birth in Europe 10,525 4,960 5,565
Africa 25,430 12,395 13,030
Algeria 340 185 155
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 265 145 125
Egypt 8,975 4,605 4,370
Eritrea 255 120 140
Ethiopia 480 215 260
Morocco 460 155 310
Nigeria 2,920 1,510 1,405
Somalia 905 355 555
South Africa, Republic of 1,170 560 605
Other places of birth in Africa 9,660 4,550 5,110
Asia 228,910 110,640 118,270
Afghanistan 2,470 1,270 1,205
Iran88 2,675 1,440 1,235
Iraq 8,415 4,260 4,155
Lebanon 3,315 1,595 1,725
Syria89 6,705 3,330 3,370
Turkey 985 550 440
China90 22,830 10,410 12,415
Hong Kong91 6,655 3,180 3,475
Korea, South92 4,125 1,910 2,215
Taiwan 1,685 720 960
Philippines 28,670 12,345 16,330
Viet Nam 10,950 5,055 5,890
Bangladesh 3,065 1,535 1,535
India 61,255 30,465 30,790
Pakistan 33,805 17,050 16,755
Sri Lanka 7,785 3,690 4,090
Other places of birth in Asia 23,530 11,845 11,680
Oceania and other places of birth93 700 315 390
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 52,505 25,885 26,615
Americas 3,975 1,830 2,150
Brazil 275 100 175
Colombia 310 105 210
Haiti 15 10 10
Jamaica 705 365 340
Mexico 270 135 130
United States of America 1,260 595 665
Venezuela95 195 65 135
Other places of birth in Americas 945 465 480
Europe 3,120 1,545 1,575
France 80 45 40
Germany 55 20 35
Ireland96 105 70 35
Italy 45 35 15
Russian Federation 185 65 120
Ukraine 610 290 315
United Kingdom87 260 150 110
Other places of birth in Europe 1,775 870 910
Africa 4,550 2,270 2,275
Algeria 70 25 40
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 45 25 25
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 105 60 45
Egypt 1,555 790 765
Eritrea 40 15 30
Ethiopia 65 40 25
Morocco 135 50 85
Nigeria 1,275 665 610
Somalia 105 55 55
South Africa, Republic of 165 80 90
Sudan97 140 45 90
Tunisia 65 20 40
Other places of birth in Africa 770 390 380
Asia 40,800 20,215 20,590
Afghanistan 355 145 215
Bangladesh 455 230 220
China90 2,680 1,140 1,540
Hong Kong91 95 35 65
India 16,580 8,685 7,900
Iran88 260 145 115
Iraq 2,045 1,025 1,025
Israel 50 30 20
Japan 60 15 45
Jordan 315 175 140
Korea, South92 285 105 180
Lebanon 495 240 260
Nepal 225 120 105
Pakistan 4,305 2,135 2,165
Philippines 3,065 1,330 1,730
Saudi Arabia 1,030 490 540
Sri Lanka 400 160 240
Syria89 4,375 2,175 2,195
Turkey 290 160 130
United Arab Emirates 1,265 670 595
Viet Nam 745 280 465
Other places of birth in Asia 1,420 715 705
Oceania and other93 65 35 30
Australia 45 25 20
Other places of birth98 15 15 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 712,825 349,875 362,945
First generation100 412,535 198,815 213,715
Second generation101 192,000 97,085 94,915
Third generation or more102 108,295 53,975 54,320
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 320,745 153,460 167,285
Economic immigrants104 179,000 91,230 87,770
Principal applicants105 69,680 45,935 23,745
Secondary applicants106 109,320 45,290 64,030
Immigrants sponsored by family107 89,420 34,500 54,920
Refugees108 48,575 26,020 22,555
Other immigrants109 3,755 1,710 2,040
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 320,745 153,460 167,285
Asylum claim before admission111 18,860 10,075 8,780
Work permits only before admission112 21,710 10,255 11,450
Study permits only before admission113 5,400 2,775 2,630
Work and study permits before admission114 11,195 5,395 5,795
Other permits before admission115 1,775 730 1,050
No pre-admission experience116 261,805 124,230 137,575
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 712,825 349,875 362,950
Total visible minority population118 441,480 215,950 225,520
South Asian 180,800 91,790 89,010
Chinese 52,095 24,770 27,325
Black 49,220 22,640 26,575
Filipino 38,335 17,390 20,945
Arab 42,805 21,920 20,885
Latin American 17,325 7,905 9,415
Southeast Asian 17,165 8,195 8,965
West Asian 8,510 4,305 4,200
Korean 5,825 2,805 3,020
Japanese 2,115 925 1,190
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 10,890 5,220 5,670
Multiple visible minorities 16,410 8,075 8,330
Not a visible minority120 271,345 133,925 137,425
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 712,825 349,875 362,945
Canadian 42,315 21,530 20,790
English 46,415 23,000 23,415
Irish 39,785 19,520 20,265
Scottish 36,800 17,910 18,890
French, n.o.s.122 15,425 7,195 8,230
German 19,285 9,635 9,650
Chinese 55,350 26,310 29,045
Italian 38,075 19,230 18,845
Indian (India) 90,560 45,830 44,730
Ukrainian 17,350 8,410 8,940
Dutch 6,125 2,945 3,185
Polish 36,095 17,275 18,820
Québécois 445 235 215
British Isles, n.o.s.123 12,325 6,035 6,290
Filipino 37,325 17,115 20,210
French Canadian 3,120 1,520 1,600
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 4,980 2,510 2,465
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,615 835 785
Métis 1,460 750 715
European, n.o.s.126 6,500 3,155 3,345
Russian 6,265 2,795 3,470
Norwegian 1,235 605 630
Welsh 3,880 1,815 2,065
Portuguese 27,845 13,555 14,290
American 3,425 1,620 1,795
Spanish 9,865 4,515 5,350
Swedish 1,420 725 695
Hungarian 3,945 1,850 2,095
Acadian 600 340 265
Pakistani 41,025 20,915 20,110
African, n.o.s.127 9,710 4,560 5,145
Jewish 2,065 1,000 1,060
Punjabi 10,725 5,625 5,100
Vietnamese 15,010 7,250 7,765
Arab, n.o.s.128 16,645 8,490 8,155
Greek 5,890 2,980 2,910
Jamaican 15,860 7,065 8,795
Asian, n.o.s.129 9,685 4,670 5,020
Cree, n.o.s.130 100 45 55
Korean 6,025 2,890 3,140
Romanian 3,755 1,845 1,910
Lebanese 4,645 2,270 2,375
Iranian 3,165 1,675 1,490
Christian, n.i.e.131 6,110 2,960 3,150
Danish 990 535 460
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 540 260 280
Sikh 6,110 3,190 2,920
Austrian 1,940 965 975
Belgian 665 335 330
Haitian 300 160 140
Hindu 11,545 5,960 5,580
Mexican 2,350 1,110 1,240
Mennonite 200 115 85
Swiss 980 490 495
Finnish 995 500 500
Sri Lankan 7,370 3,610 3,765
Croatian 7,955 4,085 3,875
Japanese 2,875 1,315 1,560
South Asian, n.o.s.133 10,410 5,095 5,315
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 415 205 205
Northern European, n.o.s.135 725 365 355
Muslim 10,055 5,150 4,910
Egyptian 9,950 5,160 4,795
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 3,455 1,660 1,795
Tamil 6,505 3,305 3,200
Icelandic 200 95 105
Colombian 3,820 1,830 1,985
Moroccan 530 205 325
Czech 1,485 670 815
Syrian 6,385 3,210 3,180
Guyanese 6,165 2,920 3,240
Afghan 4,085 2,055 2,035
Black, n.o.s.137 4,015 1,875 2,140
Serbian 4,680 2,395 2,290
Ojibway 300 165 135
Newfoundlander 750 390 360
Hong Konger 2,595 1,195 1,400
Ontarian 1,060 510 550
Persian 1,685 930 755
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 5,460 2,545 2,910
Turkish 3,150 1,655 1,495
Inuit, n.o.s.138 45 15 25
Bangladeshi 2,740 1,415 1,330
Algerian 355 190 170
Brazilian 1,630 745 895
Nigerian 2,470 1,225 1,245
Armenian 1,295 600 690
Slovak 1,385 710 670
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,275 605 675
Somali 2,165