Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Toronto, City (C)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 2,794,356 ... ...
Population, 20161 2,731,571 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 2.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 1,253,238 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 1,160,892 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,427.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 631.10 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 2,794,355 1,350,865 1,443,490
0 to 14 years 384,295 197,395 186,900
0 to 4 years 123,550 63,380 60,170
5 to 9 years 129,040 66,350 62,690
10 to 14 years 131,710 67,665 64,040
15 to 64 years 1,933,075 945,475 987,600
15 to 19 years 134,810 69,135 65,675
20 to 24 years 185,650 93,740 91,915
25 to 29 years 243,955 121,370 122,585
30 to 34 years 246,785 122,845 123,935
35 to 39 years 213,810 105,070 108,740
40 to 44 years 185,820 88,905 96,910
45 to 49 years 175,875 82,600 93,275
50 to 54 years 184,060 87,130 96,925
55 to 59 years 191,380 92,710 98,665
60 to 64 years 170,935 81,960 88,970
65 years and over 476,985 207,995 268,990
65 to 69 years 141,550 65,525 76,025
70 to 74 years 118,910 53,985 64,930
75 to 79 years 81,880 36,035 45,850
80 to 84 years 62,790 26,000 36,785
85 years and over 71,855 26,455 45,400
85 to 89 years 42,430 16,995 25,435
90 to 94 years 22,155 7,545 14,610
95 to 99 years 6,400 1,720 4,675
100 years and over 875 195 680
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.8 14.6 12.9
15 to 64 years 69.2 70.0 68.4
65 years and over 17.1 15.4 18.6
85 years and over 2.6 2.0 3.1
Average age of the population 41.5 40.3 42.6
Median age of the population 39.6 38.4 41.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 1,160,890 ... ...
Single-detached house 270,490 ... ...
Semi-detached house 71,955 ... ...
Row house 62,915 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 47,810 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 162,245 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 542,625 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,770 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 85 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 1,160,895 ... ...
1 person 385,765 ... ...
2 persons 353,415 ... ...
3 persons 178,225 ... ...
4 persons 147,360 ... ...
5 or more persons 96,120 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,761,285 1,336,430 1,424,855
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 2,410,060 1,153,470 1,256,590
Married or living common-law 1,213,410 610,400 603,015
Married 1,020,980 511,485 509,505
Living common-law 192,430 98,920 93,510
Living common law - Never married 155,085 79,230 75,855
Living common law - Separated 5,745 3,350 2,400
Living common law - Divorced 29,020 15,200 13,825
Living common law - Widowed 2,580 1,145 1,440
Not married and not living common-law 1,196,645 543,075 653,575
Not married and not living common law - Never married 853,580 437,820 415,760
Not married and not living common law - Separated 67,320 27,225 40,095
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 154,535 55,725 98,805
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 121,210 22,300 98,910
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 733,225 ... ...
2 persons 362,160 ... ...
3 persons 174,070 ... ...
4 persons 141,635 ... ...
5 or more persons 55,360 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 733,220 ... ...
Total couple families 580,590 ... ...
Married couples 484,435 ... ...
With children6 288,375 ... ...
Without children 196,060 ... ...
Common-law couples 96,155 ... ...
With children6 24,805 ... ...
Without children 71,350 ... ...
Total one-parent families 152,635 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 127,560 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 25,075 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 2,761,290 1,336,430 1,424,855
Total - Persons in census families 2,108,975 1,030,460 1,078,515
Married spouses or common-law partners 1,161,175 584,390 576,785
Parents in one-parent families 152,635 25,075 127,560
Children6 795,165 420,995 374,170
In a two-parent family 560,345 295,780 264,560
In a one-parent family 234,820 125,210 109,615
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 652,310 305,970 346,345
Living alone 385,765 172,230 213,540
Living with other relatives7 93,005 36,350 56,655
Living with non-relatives only 173,540 97,395 76,150
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 1,160,895 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 608,930 ... ...
Couple-family households 493,770 ... ...
With children6 265,950 ... ...
Without children 227,825 ... ...
One-parent-family households 115,160 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 40,515 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 9,920 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 41,030 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 74,730 ... ...
One-person households 385,765 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 2,377,950 1,139,545 1,238,405
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,267,990 1,084,035 1,183,950
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200 42,000 37,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,268,960 1,084,545 1,184,415
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 38,000 34,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,971,475 961,465 1,010,015
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 40,400 31,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,628,895 818,820 810,075
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 42,800 34,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,073,950 980,850 1,093,100
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500 6,600 9,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 215,780 93,240 122,550
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,560 5,520 5,600
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 751,475 369,900 381,575
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,000 10,000 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 2,377,950 1,139,355 1,238,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,268,720 1,084,315 1,184,405
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,050 71,900 53,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,269,665 1,084,780 1,184,885
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,080 54,800 43,880
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,972,460 962,230 1,010,235
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,300 71,400 49,720
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,628,885 818,905 809,980
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,100 70,100 50,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,074,670 981,145 1,093,525
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,500 9,390 11,490
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 214,715 93,140 121,570
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,470 5,970 6,840
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 751,260 370,340 380,925
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,060 10,090 10,030
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 2,377,945 1,139,355 1,238,590
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 764,215 409,545 354,675
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 69,500 74,000 65,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 95,900 107,900 82,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 628,025 294,775 333,255
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,200 18,200 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,080 35,560 27,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.6 88.2 80.0
Employment income (%)19 69.6 73.6 64.6
Government transfers (%)20 15.5 11.8 20.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 0.7 1.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.9 5.1 6.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.4 4.8 6.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 2,377,950 1,139,540 1,238,410
Without total income 109,960 55,505 54,450
With total income 2,267,990 1,084,035 1,183,955
Under $10,000 (including loss) 211,890 95,345 116,545
$10,000 to $19,999 278,135 128,640 149,490
$20,000 to $29,999 383,760 173,415 210,345
$30,000 to $39,999 278,910 123,895 155,015
$40,000 to $49,999 221,305 99,630 121,675
$50,000 to $59,999 177,155 80,720 96,430
$60,000 to $69,999 138,600 65,425 73,180
$70,000 to $79,999 111,165 54,305 56,865
$80,000 to $89,999 90,210 47,155 43,055
$90,000 to $99,999 73,405 38,500 34,900
$100,000 and over 303,450 176,995 126,450
$100,000 to $149,999 174,940 95,315 79,625
$150,000 and over 128,510 81,685 46,825
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 2,377,950 1,139,540 1,238,410
Without after-tax income 108,985 54,995 53,995
With after-tax income 2,268,965 1,084,545 1,184,420
Under $10,000 (including loss) 219,695 98,860 120,830
$10,000 to $19,999 290,385 135,125 155,265
$20,000 to $29,999 427,315 192,875 234,435
$30,000 to $39,999 317,215 143,540 173,680
$40,000 to $49,999 254,390 116,075 138,315
$50,000 to $59,999 191,895 89,410 102,485
$60,000 to $69,999 144,175 71,035 73,140
$70,000 to $79,999 107,625 56,265 51,360
$80,000 to $89,999 85,860 43,655 42,210
$90,000 to $99,999 54,710 29,750 24,955
$100,000 and over 175,685 107,950 67,735
$100,000 to $124,999 72,650 41,585 31,060
$125,000 and over 103,035 66,370 36,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 2,377,950 1,139,540 1,238,410
Without employment income 749,060 320,720 428,335
With employment income 1,628,890 818,815 810,070
Under $5,000 (including loss) 233,535 111,890 121,640
$5,000 to $9,999 149,810 68,255 81,550
$10,000 to $19,999 182,800 85,935 96,860
$20,000 to $29,999 134,370 63,055 71,310
$30,000 to $39,999 131,130 63,285 67,845
$40,000 to $49,999 128,965 61,660 67,305
$50,000 to $59,999 117,230 56,800 60,430
$60,000 to $69,999 98,370 49,625 48,745
$70,000 to $79,999 81,720 41,950 39,765
$80,000 to $89,999 69,910 38,470 31,440
$90,000 to $99,999 61,540 32,370 29,175
$100,000 and over 239,510 145,510 94,000
$100,000 to $124,999 94,895 52,690 42,210
$125,000 and over 144,610 92,825 51,790
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 2,377,950 1,139,545 1,238,405
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,210,875 1,054,040 1,156,835
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 39,600 33,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,211,340 1,054,160 1,157,180
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 36,000 31,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,937,590 943,240 994,350
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 41,600 33,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,619,820 811,895 807,930
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 42,800 36,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,945,410 918,155 1,027,255
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,300 870 2,440
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 112,960 44,865 68,095
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,080 5,640 6,400
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 2,377,950 1,139,355 1,238,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,211,540 1,054,250 1,157,290
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 59,500 70,400 49,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,211,955 1,054,335 1,157,620
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,960 53,600 40,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,937,680 943,545 994,135
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 61,500 73,700 49,960
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,620,165 812,015 808,145
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,200 70,700 49,760
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,946,775 919,240 1,027,530
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,335 5,108 7,430
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 113,735 44,895 68,835
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,670 6,680 8,310
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 2,377,945 1,139,355 1,238,590
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 753,570 403,225 350,345
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 64,000 68,000 60,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 90,200 103,200 75,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 585,965 275,395 310,575
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,400 25,800 23,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 38,040 43,120 33,520
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 90.6 93.6 86.6
Employment income (%) 74.2 77.2 70.2
Government transfers (%) 9.4 6.3 13.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7 0.4 1.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 1,160,895 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 385,765 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 775,125 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 1,160,890 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 121,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 385,525 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 63,850 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 775,365 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 149,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,300 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 1,160,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,975 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10,700 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,325 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 23,970 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 52,135 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 40,010 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 38,210 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 39,540 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 39,320 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 39,335 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 78,920 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 77,155 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 72,540 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 68,900 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 62,465 ... ...
$100,000 and over 477,390 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 126,785 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 90,785 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 112,045 ... ...
$200,000 and over 147,770 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 1,160,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 24,205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10,965 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,670 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 25,555 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,350 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,335 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 43,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 45,405 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 47,410 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 94,635 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 90,850 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 84,155 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 76,730 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 65,450 ... ...
$100,000 and over 387,715 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 125,030 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 84,425 ... ...
$150,000 and over 178,260 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 723,990 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 106,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 238,385 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 313,995 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,855 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 559,305 269,620 289,685
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,200 38,800 39,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,600 35,200 36,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 723,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 118,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 238,080 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 142,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 110,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 314,490 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 189,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 145,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 138,050 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 89,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 558,720 268,480 290,245
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 55,950 57,400 54,600
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 45,680 46,200 45,240
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 2,761,285 1,336,425 1,424,855
0 to 17 years 461,810 237,260 224,550
0 to 5 years 148,485 76,170 72,320
18 to 64 years 1,842,580 897,600 944,980
65 years and over 456,895 201,570 255,325
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,955 170,110 193,845
0 to 17 years 67,725 34,800 32,925
0 to 5 years 22,175 11,260 10,910
18 to 64 years 218,825 104,895 113,925
65 years and over 77,410 30,410 47,005
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.2 12.7 13.6
0 to 17 years (%) 14.7 14.7 14.7
0 to 5 years (%) 14.9 14.8 15.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.7 12.1
65 years and over (%) 16.9 15.1 18.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 2,761,290 1,336,430 1,424,855
0 to 17 years 461,805 237,255 224,550
0 to 5 years 148,485 76,165 72,315
18 to 64 years 1,842,585 897,605 944,975
65 years and over 456,895 201,565 255,330
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 241,110 122,080 119,030
0 to 17 years 35,500 18,215 17,290
0 to 5 years 11,610 5,845 5,765
18 to 64 years 179,925 92,890 87,040
65 years and over 25,685 10,980 14,705
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 9.1 8.4
0 to 17 years (%) 7.7 7.7 7.7
0 to 5 years (%) 7.8 7.7 8.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8 10.4 9.2
65 years and over (%) 5.6 5.5 5.8
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 2,761,285 1,336,425 1,424,855
In bottom half of the distribution 1,385,785 657,800 727,980
In bottom decile 348,260 169,275 178,980
In second decile 287,815 133,480 154,340
In third decile 265,075 124,965 140,110
In fourth decile 245,925 116,600 129,330
In fifth decile 238,700 113,485 125,215
In top half of the distribution 1,375,505 678,625 696,880
In sixth decile 234,350 112,690 121,660
In seventh decile 236,815 114,510 122,300
In eighth decile 245,465 120,335 125,125
In ninth decile 268,615 133,080 135,530
In top decile 390,265 198,000 192,265
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 2,761,290 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.437 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.555 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.371 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.7 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 2,772,630 1,341,750 1,430,880
English only 2,409,655 1,187,180 1,222,480
French only 2,555 1,125 1,430
English and French 236,915 104,325 132,595
Neither English nor French 123,505 49,120 74,380
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 2,772,630 1,341,750 1,430,880
English 2,590,345 1,265,255 1,325,090
French 38,695 18,240 20,460
English and French 22,190 10,120 12,070
Neither English nor French 121,390 48,135 73,260
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 2,772,630 1,341,750 1,430,880
Single responses 2,588,520 1,253,850 1,334,665
Official languages 1,425,805 711,505 714,295
English 1,391,685 695,305 696,380
French 34,115 16,200 17,920
Non-official languages 1,162,715 542,350 620,370
Indigenous languages39 265 130 145
Algonquian languages 225 105 120
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 75 35 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 70 35 40
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 5 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 25 5 20
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140 70 75
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0
Ojibway languages 135 70 65
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 10 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 5 0 5
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 105 50 50
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 5 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,162,445 542,225 620,225
Afro-Asiatic languages 70,715 35,165 35,550
Berber languages 115 70 45
Kabyle 75 40 35
Tamazight 30 20 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Chadic languages 205 135 75
Hausa 190 125 65
Mina 15 10 5
Coptic 40 20 25
Cushitic languages 12,110 5,465 6,645
Bilen 130 75 60
Oromo 875 420 450
Somali 11,020 4,925 6,100
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35
Semitic languages 58,240 29,480 28,765
Amharic 7,465 3,405 4,065
Arabic 32,985 17,385 15,600
Aramaic languages 5,335 2,555 2,785
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,195 1,975 2,220
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 945 475 470
Aramaic, n.o.s. 195 105 90
Harari 700 310 390
Hebrew 4,210 2,280 1,930
Maltese 1,090 525 570
Tigrigna 6,310 2,950 3,360
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65
Austro-Asiatic languages 28,750 12,695 16,050
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,230 540 685
Vietnamese 27,445 12,125 15,320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 75 35 40
Austronesian languages 102,870 41,175 61,695
Bikol 330 145 190
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,385 580 810
Cebuano 2,750 1,095 1,660
Fijian 10 5 0
Hiligaynon 2,140 840 1,305
Ilocano 9,165 3,735 5,430
Indonesian 1,905 850 1,055
Kankanaey 245 110 135
Kinaray-a 185 75 110
Malagasy languages 20 10 15
Merina 5 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Malay 195 95 100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 875 400 480
Pangasinan 450 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 82,185 32,660 49,530
Waray-Waray 270 105 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 755 305 450
Creole languages 2,720 1,235 1,480
Haitian Creole 720 315 405
Jamaican English Creole 150 65 85
Krio 100 45 60
Morisyen 565 265 300
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 765 350 415
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215
Dravidian languages 67,995 34,355 33,640
Kannada 1,185 600 575
Malayalam 7,290 4,225 3,065
Tamil 52,905 25,655 27,250
Telugu 6,450 3,790 2,660
Tulu 115 60 60
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Georgian 1,095 590 505
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5
Indo-European languages 571,820 274,720 297,095
Albanian 9,195 4,540 4,660
Armenian 7,615 3,645 3,970
Balto-Slavic languages 105,980 47,080 58,905
Baltic languages 2,645 1,030 1,610
Latvian 1,165 450 715
Lithuanian 1,480 585 895
Slavic languages 103,340 46,045 57,290
Belarusian 135 55 80
Bulgarian 3,830 1,780 2,050
Czech 2,410 1,075 1,335
Macedonian 5,090 2,400 2,690
Polish 20,795 8,965 11,835
Russian 33,770 14,690 19,080
Rusyn 20 10 10
Serbo-Croatian 19,275 9,060 10,210
Bosnian 1,295 620 675
Croatian 4,990 2,220 2,775
Serbian 12,630 6,055 6,575
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 365 170 190
Slovak 2,765 1,290 1,475
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,425 575 850
Ukrainian 13,740 6,100 7,640
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30
Celtic languages 195 100 100
Irish 95 55 40
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 15
Welsh 50 20 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Germanic languages 17,060 7,825 9,230
Frisian 30 15 15
High German languages 12,605 5,640 6,970
German 10,700 4,765 5,930
Pennsylvania German 10 5 0
Swiss German 305 130 170
Yiddish 1,600 735 865
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,005 1,520 1,480
Afrikaans 450 245 200
Dutch 2,430 1,215 1,210
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 5 0 5
Plautdietsch 20 10 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 45 50
Scandinavian languages 1,375 625 755
Danish 535 235 300
Icelandic 50 25 20
Norwegian 190 80 105
Swedish 610 285 330
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15
Greek 23,540 11,110 12,435
Indo-Iranian languages 207,390 106,275 101,105
Indo-Aryan languages 150,130 77,905 72,230
Assamese 115 60 55
Bengali 31,335 16,040 15,290
Gujarati 27,090 14,195 12,895
Hindi 22,300 12,140 10,165
Kacchi 1,575 675 900
Kashmiri 90 45 45
Konkani 745 365 380
Marathi 3,025 1,605 1,415
Nepali 3,275 1,670 1,605
Oriya languages 495 275 225
Odia 305 170 135
Oriya, n.o.s. 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,230 11,065 10,170
Rohingya 15 0 10
Sindhi 550 285 265
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,260 1,605 1,655
Urdu 34,460 17,555 16,905
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 575 320 255
Iranian languages 57,210 28,350 28,860
Baluchi 90 50 40
Kurdish 1,865 1,085 780
Parsi 125 70 50
Pashto 4,390 2,285 2,105
Persian languages 50,490 24,715 25,770
Dari 10,715 5,190 5,525
Iranian Persian 34,575 16,910 17,665
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5,200 2,620 2,585
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 245 140 110
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20
Italic (Romance) languages 200,780 94,110 106,665
Catalan 120 55 60
Italian 50,995 23,065 27,930
Portuguese 60,360 28,845 31,510
Romanian 10,510 4,765 5,740
Spanish 78,575 37,275 41,295
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 225 100 120
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30
Japanese 6,740 2,170 4,570
Korean 32,805 14,550 18,250
Mongolian 310 145 165
Niger-Congo languages 14,070 6,585 7,485
Akan (Twi) 3,640 1,685 1,955
Bamanankan 50 25 20
Edo 550 210 345
Éwé 125 75 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 205 95 105
Ga 165 80 90
Ganda 645 300 345
Gikuyu 150 70 85
Igbo 790 410 380
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 325 135 185
Lingala 215 95 120
Luba-Kasai 20 5 15
Mòoré 10 10 0
Mwani 85 45 40
Ndebele 100 45 55
Rundi (Kirundi) 240 105 130
Shona 370 175 190
Soninke 155 90 65
Sotho-Tswana languages 100 30 70
Swahili 2,255 1,050 1,210
Wojenaka 20 10 10
Wolof 145 70 75
Yoruba 2,495 1,195 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,220 575 645
Nilo-Saharan languages 360 190 170
Dinka 35 20 10
Nuer 10 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120
African, n.o.s. 70 40 35
Sign languages 430 225 215
American Sign Language 365 185 180
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35
Sino-Tibetan languages 233,845 104,960 128,890
Chinese languages 227,685 101,945 125,740
Hakka 2,475 1,125 1,355
Mandarin 112,620 50,370 62,245
Min Dong 485 245 240
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,475 1,985 2,490
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,750 775 975
Yue (Cantonese) 103,530 46,375 57,150
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,240 1,010 1,230
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 110 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,080 2,980 3,100
Burmese 540 260 275
Kuki-Chin languages 5 0 10
Karenic languages 215 100 120
S'gaw Karen 175 80 95
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20
Tibetan 5,155 2,535 2,620
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 165 90 75
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45
Tai-Kadai languages 1,745 650 1,100
Lao 600 295 310
Thai 1,065 330 730
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 75 25 60
Turkic languages 13,515 7,230 6,290
Azerbaijani 1,280 705 570
Kazakh 145 65 80
Turkish 11,225 6,040 5,190
Uyghur 265 115 150
Uzbek 395 200 195
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205 100 105
Uralic languages 12,495 5,505 6,990
Estonian 1,495 610 885
Finnish 1,090 405 685
Hungarian 9,915 4,490 5,415
Other languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85
Multiple responses 184,110 87,895 96,215
English and French 12,390 5,945 6,450
English and non-official language(s) 149,250 71,920 77,330
French and non-official language(s) 3,630 1,625 2,000
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,875 1,795 2,080
Multiple non-official languages 14,965 6,610 8,355
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 2,772,630 1,341,750 1,430,880
English 1,485,800 737,765 748,035
French 9,195 4,355 4,835
Non-official language 369,860 169,255 200,610
Indigenous39 40 15 20
Non-Indigenous 369,820 169,240 200,580
English and French 33,080 15,330 17,750
English and non-official language(s) 809,180 385,785 423,400
French and non-official language(s) 2,020 870 1,150
English, French and non-official language(s) 27,745 12,255 15,495
Multiple non-official languages 35,750 16,140 19,610
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 2,772,630 1,341,750 1,430,880
Single responses 2,569,065 1,245,330 1,323,735
Official languages 1,855,810 912,035 943,770
English 1,839,730 904,470 935,265
French 16,070 7,565 8,510
Non-official languages 713,255 333,295 379,960
Indigenous languages39 80 35 45
Algonquian languages 70 30 45
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 10 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 10 5 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 15 25
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0
Ojibway languages 40 15 25
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 713,175 333,260 379,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 39,890 18,995 20,900
Berber languages 45 30 20
Kabyle 25 15 15
Tamazight 10 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Chadic languages 125 70 55
Hausa 115 65 45
Mina 10 5 5
Coptic 20 10 5
Cushitic languages 7,140 3,190 3,955
Bilen 95 55 40
Oromo 495 230 270
Somali 6,515 2,895 3,625
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Semitic languages 32,565 15,700 16,865
Amharic 3,940 1,755 2,185
Arabic 18,060 8,910 9,150
Aramaic languages 4,345 2,080 2,265
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,485 1,655 1,825
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 730 355 375
Aramaic, n.o.s. 130 65 65
Harari 385 170 220
Hebrew 1,630 845 790
Maltese 275 125 145
Tigrigna 3,870 1,795 2,075
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 19,895 8,890 11,000
Khmer (Cambodian) 730 315 415
Vietnamese 19,130 8,560 10,570
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 62,525 26,740 35,790
Bikol 145 60 85
Bisaya, n.o.s. 735 305 430
Cebuano 1,575 670 905
Fijian 5 10 0
Hiligaynon 1,235 535 700
Ilocano 5,385 2,385 2,995
Indonesian 685 320 360
Kankanaey 130 60 70
Kinaray-a 85 45 45
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 60 35 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 455 210 245
Pangasinan 160 70 85
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 51,355 21,815 29,535
Waray-Waray 120 40 70
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 395 175 225
Creole languages 1,485 650 830
Haitian Creole 400 165 235
Jamaican English Creole 80 30 50
Krio 50 20 25
Morisyen 430 205 225
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 350 155 195
Creole languages, n.i.e. 175 75 100
Dravidian languages 49,945 24,780 25,165
Kannada 520 270 250
Malayalam 4,505 2,545 1,960
Tamil 40,825 19,600 21,225
Telugu 4,055 2,345 1,710
Tulu 25 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15
Georgian 765 405 355
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 319,375 152,430 166,945
Albanian 4,390 2,170 2,225
Armenian 5,090 2,395 2,690
Balto-Slavic languages 53,790 24,470 29,325
Baltic languages 705 280 425
Latvian 285 115 175
Lithuanian 425 170 255
Slavic languages 53,085 24,185 28,900
Belarusian 40 20 20
Bulgarian 1,940 915 1,025
Czech 805 360 445
Macedonian 2,275 1,050 1,225
Polish 8,710 3,875 4,835
Russian 21,060 9,415 11,645
Rusyn 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 9,715 4,605 5,110
Bosnian 595 265 330
Croatian 1,815 815 1,005
Serbian 7,150 3,455 3,695
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 150 70 80
Slovak 1,475 735 740
Slovene (Slovenian) 335 130 205
Ukrainian 6,720 3,075 3,640
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Celtic languages 25 15 15
Irish 15 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5
Welsh 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,160 1,015 1,145
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,530 700 830
German 1,290 590 695
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 60 30 30
Yiddish 185 80 100
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 430 220 215
Afrikaans 125 65 60
Dutch 290 145 145
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5
Scandinavian languages 195 95 100
Danish 55 25 35
Icelandic 0 0 5
Norwegian 30 10 15
Swedish 110 55 55
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 11,130 4,965 6,165
Indo-Iranian languages 134,850 67,805 67,045
Indo-Aryan languages 96,005 49,180 46,825
Assamese 50 30 25
Bengali 20,505 10,255 10,250
Gujarati 18,045 9,355 8,690
Hindi 12,995 6,990 6,000
Kacchi 770 335 435
Kashmiri 35 15 25
Konkani 190 95 95
Marathi 1,470 760 710
Nepali 2,235 1,150 1,085
Oriya languages 270 145 120
Odia 170 90 80
Oriya, n.o.s. 95 55 40
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,450 7,555 6,890
Rohingya 10 5 10
Sindhi 240 115 125
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,750 875 870
Urdu 22,650 11,320 11,325
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 340 180 165
Iranian languages 38,835 18,610 20,225
Baluchi 75 40 35
Kurdish 1,045 570 480
Parsi 60 25 40
Pashto 3,230 1,655 1,575
Persian languages 34,250 16,225 18,025
Dari 7,145 3,340 3,810
Iranian Persian 23,600 11,195 12,405
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 3,500 1,685 1,810
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 170 100 70
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Italic (Romance) languages 107,915 49,595 58,320
Catalan 50 20 25
Italian 21,040 8,375 12,665
Portuguese 35,625 17,105 18,520
Romanian 4,755 2,150 2,600
Spanish 46,355 21,900 24,455
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 100 40 55
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Japanese 3,105 1,280 1,825
Korean 23,115 10,510 12,605
Mongolian 185 100 90
Niger-Congo languages 5,745 2,605 3,140
Akan (Twi) 1,925 835 1,090
Bamanankan 30 15 15
Edo 135 50 85
Éwé 35 15 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 95 40 55
Ga 65 25 35
Ganda 200 95 110
Gikuyu 35 20 15
Igbo 215 105 115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 130 60 70
Lingala 95 45 55
Luba-Kasai 5 5 5
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 30 15 15
Ndebele 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 60 70
Shona 95 40 60
Soninke 85 55 30
Sotho-Tswana languages 35 15 20
Swahili 1,005 455 555
Wojenaka 5 5 0
Wolof 50 25 25
Yoruba 935 425 510
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 355 180 180
Nilo-Saharan languages 125 60 70
Dinka 10 10 5
Nuer 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45
African, n.o.s. 25 15 10
Sign languages 860 500 355
American Sign Language 635 385 255
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110
Sino-Tibetan languages 172,010 78,390 93,615
Chinese languages 167,280 76,080 91,200
Hakka 1,075 475 600
Mandarin 86,150 39,880 46,265
Min Dong 330 160 170
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,270 1,000 1,265
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,130 515 615
Yue (Cantonese) 74,845 33,360 41,490
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,430 655 770
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,700 2,305 2,400
Burmese 330 155 170
Kuki-Chin languages 5 0 0
Karenic languages 145 65 75
S'gaw Karen 110 55 55
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15
Tibetan 4,120 2,030 2,090
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Tai-Kadai languages 770 340 430
Lao 275 135 140
Thai 450 190 265
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25
Turkic languages 8,360 4,310 4,045
Azerbaijani 690 350 335
Kazakh 10 10 5
Turkish 7,155 3,705 3,455
Uyghur 185 90 100
Uzbek 225 115 110
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50
Uralic languages 4,940 2,240 2,700
Estonian 325 115 210
Finnish 155 70 85
Hungarian 4,460 2,050 2,410
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40
Multiple responses 203,565 96,420 107,150
English and French 7,520 3,465 4,055
English and non-official language(s) 188,260 89,520 98,740
French and non-official language(s) 1,050 460 595
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,630 1,175 1,455
Multiple non-official languages 4,100 1,800 2,305
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 2,772,630 1,341,750 1,430,880
None 2,031,410 990,095 1,041,310
English 269,945 129,305 140,645
French 26,595 12,125 14,470
Non-official language 341,655 160,845 180,805
Indigenous39 325 150 175
Non-Indigenous 341,325 160,695 180,630
English and French 3,695 1,680 2,015
English and non-official language(s) 43,120 21,070 22,050
French and non-official language(s) 13,575 5,895 7,675
English, French and non-official language(s) 895 445 450
Multiple non-official languages 41,745 20,285 21,455
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 2,761,290 1,336,390 1,424,895
Official languages 2,637,775 1,287,455 1,350,320
English 2,635,255 1,286,345 1,348,915
French 238,505 104,650 133,855
Non-official languages 1,536,605 724,300 812,305
Indigenous languages39 870 385 490
Algonquian languages 715 300 415
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 190 85 100
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 185 85 95
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 10 10 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15 10 15
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 20 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 25 0 25
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 40 35
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 55 15 40
Mi'kmaq 55 15 40
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 500 215 295
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 15 0 15
Ojibway languages 480 215 270
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 95 35 60
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 10 0 10
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 385 175 205
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 25 20 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 15 10 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 40 20 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40 20 25
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 50 20 30
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 45 20 25
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0
Salish languages 10 10 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Non-Indigenous languages 1,535,860 723,970 811,890
Afro-Asiatic languages 119,095 59,300 59,800
Berber languages 305 185 120
Kabyle 180 105 75
Tamazight 115 70 45
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15
Chadic languages 610 325 285
Hausa 560 300 260
Mina 40 25 20
Coptic 215 110 110
Cushitic languages 19,090 8,780 10,315
Bilen 175 105 70
Oromo 1,725 840 885
Somali 17,155 7,790 9,370
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 125 105
Semitic languages 101,800 51,415 50,385
Amharic 13,295 6,275 7,020
Arabic 59,680 31,035 28,645
Aramaic languages 7,625 3,755 3,875
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,015 2,905 3,115
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,380 715 665
Aramaic, n.o.s. 350 195 155
Harari 1,090 490 595
Hebrew 19,995 10,000 9,995
Maltese 1,620 795 825
Tigrigna 9,440 4,465 4,975
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 285 185 105
Austro-Asiatic languages 40,125 18,090 22,035
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,830 760 1,075
Vietnamese 38,420 17,385 21,035
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 135 55 80
Austronesian languages 143,975 57,795 86,190
Bikol 730 315 415
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,845 730 1,115
Cebuano 4,725 1,855 2,870
Fijian 90 50 40
Hiligaynon 3,700 1,470 2,230
Ilocano 16,205 6,315 9,890
Indonesian 2,890 1,305 1,585
Kankanaey 380 155 230
Kinaray-a 175 85 90
Malagasy languages 35 0 35
Merina 10 0 10
Malagasy, n.o.s. 25 0 25
Malay 1,720 800 925
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,620 675 950
Pangasinan 860 355 505
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135,600 53,930 81,670
Waray-Waray 920 360 560
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 3,135 1,305 1,830
Creole languages 9,055 3,840 5,210
Haitian Creole 1,995 865 1,130
Jamaican English Creole 1,175 435 740
Krio 220 90 130
Morisyen 1,540 725 815
Sango 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,305 1,330 1,980
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,235 560 675
Dravidian languages 98,850 50,540 48,310
Kannada 3,625 1,880 1,750
Malayalam 11,165 6,325 4,835
Tamil 77,785 38,640 39,145
Telugu 11,850 6,900 4,955
Tulu 320 160 155
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 240 95 140
Georgian 1,355 670 680
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10
Indo-European languages 801,510 390,560 410,955
Albanian 11,050 5,615 5,430
Armenian 9,595 4,680 4,910
Balto-Slavic languages 132,695 60,545 72,155
Baltic languages 3,550 1,500 2,055
Latvian 1,655 715 940
Lithuanian 1,905 785 1,120
Slavic languages 129,955 59,410 70,545
Belarusian 485 185 300
Bulgarian 4,900 2,350 2,550
Czech 3,625 1,665 1,960
Macedonian 7,660 3,560 4,105
Polish 27,850 12,460 15,390
Russian 52,840 23,965 28,870
Rusyn 30 10 25
Serbo-Croatian 25,500 12,155 13,345
Bosnian 3,320 1,625 1,695
Croatian 9,415 4,365 5,055
Serbian 18,040 8,705 9,335
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 715 355 360
Slovak 3,675 1,740 1,930
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,900 810 1,090
Ukrainian 21,345 9,400 11,945
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 35
Celtic languages 1,350 745 605
Irish 990 565 425
Scottish Gaelic 140 80 60
Welsh 135 55 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 30
Germanic languages 39,895 19,365 20,530
Frisian 55 40 10
High German languages 31,620 15,385 16,235
German 27,540 13,390 14,145
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 575 275 300
Yiddish 3,915 1,905 2,010
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 6,385 3,260 3,125
Afrikaans 2,095 1,140 955
Dutch 4,115 2,055 2,055
Low German, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 205 100 105
Scandinavian languages 2,975 1,310 1,670
Danish 1,020 435 580
Icelandic 95 50 45
Norwegian 535 215 320
Swedish 1,530 700 830
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 95 65 30
Greek 36,620 17,545 19,070
Indo-Iranian languages 302,620 156,380 146,235
Indo-Aryan languages 236,745 123,180 113,565
Assamese 230 125 110
Bengali 41,750 21,390 20,355
Gujarati 42,425 22,190 20,235
Hindi 107,170 56,950 50,220
Kacchi 3,300 1,400 1,900
Kashmiri 280 130 150
Konkani 2,005 940 1,065
Marathi 8,290 4,325 3,970
Nepali 5,580 2,850 2,725
Oriya languages 1,010 535 475
Odia 605 340 265
Oriya, n.o.s. 410 200 210
Punjabi (Panjabi) 41,430 22,070 19,365
Rohingya 40 15 25
Sindhi 1,355 740 615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,370 3,830 3,540
Urdu 65,035 33,230 31,805
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 1,665 950 715
Iranian languages 70,200 35,455 34,740
Baluchi 160 85 80
Kurdish 3,275 1,870 1,410
Parsi 230 155 70
Pashto 7,095 3,795 3,300
Persian languages 62,515 31,290 31,225
Dari 14,995 7,475 7,520
Iranian Persian 42,785 21,270 21,510
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5,490 2,915 2,575
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 225 225
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 420 230 190
Italic (Romance) languages 296,705 139,660 157,045
Catalan 335 195 135
Italian 84,335 38,730 45,605
Portuguese 80,170 38,850 41,325
Romanian 12,920 5,785 7,140
Spanish 138,770 66,085 72,685
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 725 390 340
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 250 130 115
Japanese 14,220 6,085 8,130
Korean 38,895 17,235 21,665
Mongolian 415 180 235
Niger-Congo languages 32,875 15,155 17,720
Akan (Twi) 6,410 2,830 3,580
Bamanankan 240 115 125
Edo 1,305 525 780
Éwé 345 190 155
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 305 175 130
Ga 520 185 335
Ganda 1,490 615 875
Gikuyu 365 135 230
Igbo 2,020 935 1,080
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655 245 415
Lingala 1,665 765 900
Luba-Kasai 175 65 110
Mòoré 40 25 20
Mwani 150 80 65
Ndebele 210 95 115
Rundi (Kirundi) 540 260 280
Shona 715 315 405
Soninke 245 155 90
Sotho-Tswana languages 270 110 160
Swahili 7,620 3,630 3,990
Wojenaka 75 40 35
Wolof 485 240 255
Yoruba 7,235 3,365 3,865
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,620 1,785 1,835
Nilo-Saharan languages 555 290 265
Dinka 55 35 25
Nuer 10 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 490 245 235
African, n.o.s. 305 145 160
Sign languages 2,860 1,240 1,620
American Sign Language 2,575 1,080 1,490
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 370 185 190
Sino-Tibetan languages 275,670 125,525 150,150
Chinese languages 267,745 121,665 146,080
Hakka 3,630 1,695 1,935
Mandarin 162,950 72,885 90,065
Min Dong 645 295 350
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,830 3,510 4,320
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,730 1,225 1,505
Yue (Cantonese) 134,810 61,065 73,745
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,245 1,050 1,195
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 200 90 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 8,080 3,925 4,150
Burmese 875 435 440
Kuki-Chin languages 55 10 45
Karenic languages 225 100 125
S'gaw Karen 155 75 80
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40
Tibetan 6,655 3,265 3,385
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 205 245
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 220 90 125
Tai-Kadai languages 2,865 1,195 1,670
Lao 1,045 480 565
Thai 1,840 735 1,100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 170 70 100
Turkic languages 20,920 11,110 9,815
Azerbaijani 2,425 1,320 1,095
Kazakh 325 150 175
Turkish 18,110 9,650 8,455
Uyghur 240 95 145
Uzbek 790 390 400
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 195
Uralic languages 14,670 6,580 8,095
Estonian 1,680 675 1,005
Finnish 1,405 495 910
Hungarian 11,650 5,430 6,220
Other languages, n.i.e. 575 260 315
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 2,761,285 1,336,390 1,424,895
Indigenous identity45 22,925 10,785 12,135
Single Indigenous responses46 21,475 10,085 11,385
First Nations (North American Indian) 13,800 6,590 7,215
Métis 7,440 3,400 4,035
Inuk (Inuit) 240 100 135
Multiple Indigenous responses47 645 275 375
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 800 420 380
Non-Indigenous identity 2,738,365 1,325,610 1,412,760
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 2,761,285 1,336,390 1,424,895
Registered or Treaty Indian49 7,730 3,705 4,025
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 2,753,555 1,332,685 1,420,870
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 1,160,890 ... ...
Owner 602,925 ... ...
Renter 557,970 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 1,160,890 ... ...
Condominium 353,215 ... ...
Not condominium 807,670 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 1,160,890 ... ...
No bedrooms 28,765 ... ...
1 bedroom 330,340 ... ...
2 bedrooms 334,320 ... ...
3 bedrooms 268,505 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 198,960 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 1,160,890 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 617,005 ... ...
5 rooms 152,950 ... ...
6 rooms 113,715 ... ...
7 rooms 90,775 ... ...
8 or more rooms 186,440 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.9 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 1,160,890 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 1,093,085 ... ...
More than one person per room 67,805 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 1,160,890 ... ...
Suitable 1,016,350 ... ...
Not suitable 144,545 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 1,160,890 ... ...
1960 or before 340,185 ... ...
1961 to 1980 333,990 ... ...
1981 to 1990 109,780 ... ...
1991 to 2000 92,985 ... ...
2001 to 2005 58,975 ... ...
2006 to 2010 63,995 ... ...
2011 to 2015 75,980 ... ...
2016 to 202157 85,005 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 1,160,890 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 1,086,415 ... ...
Major repairs needed 74,480 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 1,160,890 ... ...
One-maintainer household 634,725 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 447,155 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 79,010 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 1,160,890 ... ...
15 to 24 years 34,350 ... ...
25 to 34 years 202,225 ... ...
35 to 44 years 210,570 ... ...
45 to 54 years 204,790 ... ...
55 to 64 years 215,740 ... ...
65 to 74 years 158,850 ... ...
75 to 84 years 90,900 ... ...
85 years and over 43,455 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 1,151,795 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 777,835 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 373,965 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 321,675 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 1,160,895 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 522,150 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 315,735 ... ...
Not suitable only 98,270 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 39,905 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 33,670 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 21,965 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10,015 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 2,595 ... ...
Acceptable housing 638,740 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 1,099,505 ... ...
In core need 215,225 ... ...
Not in core need 884,285 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 602,915 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 56.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 25.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 10.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,740 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,038 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 900,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 1,131,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 557,975 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 14.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 40.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 29.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,500 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,562 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 2,761,285 1,336,390 1,424,895
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 6,060 2,720 3,345
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 5,870 2,660 3,215
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 4,835 2,175 2,655
Métis single ancestry 975 450 525
Inuit single ancestry 60 30 30
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 190 65 125
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 170 65 110
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15 0 15
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 24,150 11,520 12,635
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 23,505 11,250 12,255
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 17,670 8,505 9,165
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 5,665 2,665 2,995
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 170 75 100
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 645 270 375
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 605 255 345
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 40 15 25
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 2,731,070 1,322,155 1,408,920
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 2,761,285 1,336,395 1,424,895
Canadian citizens77 2,284,055 1,102,560 1,181,495
Canadian citizens aged under 18 413,995 213,200 200,795
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,870,055 889,360 980,700
Not Canadian citizens78 477,230 233,830 243,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 2,761,285 1,336,395 1,424,895
Non-immigrants80 1,329,905 666,890 663,015
Immigrants81 1,286,140 593,225 692,915
Before 1980 222,935 100,655 122,280
1980 to 1990 156,460 73,005 83,455
1991 to 2000 273,985 124,465 149,520
2001 to 2010 290,400 132,935 157,470
2011 to 202182 342,360 162,170 180,195
2011 to 2015 144,320 66,410 77,910
2016 to 2021 198,040 95,755 102,285
Non-permanent residents83 145,240 76,280 68,965
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 1,286,140 593,220 692,920
Under 5 years 91,030 45,045 45,985
5 to 14 years 203,840 101,550 102,295
15 to 24 years 247,955 110,365 137,595
25 to 44 years 605,575 276,620 328,960
45 years and over 137,730 59,650 78,080
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 1,286,140 593,220 692,920
Americas 210,980 92,905 118,075
Brazil 10,175 4,815 5,355
Colombia 8,695 3,905 4,795
El Salvador 6,495 3,135 3,360
Guyana 31,025 13,325 17,700
Haiti 1,660 740 915
Jamaica 42,650 17,285 25,370
Mexico 9,340 4,355 4,985
Peru 4,105 1,820 2,280
Trinidad and Tobago 18,280 7,865 10,415
United States of America 25,220 12,190 13,030
Other places of birth in Americas 53,330 23,465 29,865
Europe 266,210 124,220 141,995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,910 2,325 2,585
Croatia 4,200 1,925 2,280
France 5,820 2,895 2,920
Germany 8,915 4,110 4,805
Greece 16,510 7,720 8,795
Hungary 6,135 2,795 3,335
Italy 37,700 17,310 20,395
Netherlands 2,130 1,055 1,070
Poland 18,245 8,015 10,230
Portugal 34,360 16,435 17,925
Romania 11,200 4,900 6,305
Russian Federation 15,820 6,555 9,260
Serbia86 7,740 3,605 4,135
Ukraine 15,845 7,000 8,840
United Kingdom87 35,585 17,855 17,735
Other places of birth in Europe 41,100 19,715 21,380
Africa 88,020 42,020 46,005
Algeria 940 475 465
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 2,130 925 1,210
Egypt 6,420 3,415 3,010
Eritrea 6,485 3,170 3,315
Ethiopia 10,900 4,980 5,915
Morocco 2,385 1,070 1,315
Nigeria 10,015 5,010 5,005
Somalia 10,190 4,390 5,795
South Africa, Republic of 6,000 3,050 2,955
Other places of birth in Africa 32,555 15,535 17,020
Asia 716,885 331,980 384,910
Afghanistan 12,920 6,475 6,445
Iran88 37,190 18,570 18,620
Iraq 11,350 5,720 5,630
Lebanon 6,490 3,460 3,035
Syria89 8,240 4,150 4,085
Turkey 8,500 4,590 3,910
China90 129,755 56,810 72,940
Hong Kong91 36,850 16,655 20,200
Korea, South92 27,505 12,310 15,200
Taiwan 7,985 3,350 4,635
Philippines 132,980 53,880 79,100
Viet Nam 31,675 14,230 17,445
Bangladesh 27,135 13,795 13,335
India 102,155 52,455 49,700
Pakistan 34,140 17,275 16,865
Sri Lanka 47,895 22,985 24,905
Other places of birth in Asia 54,130 25,260 28,865
Oceania and other places of birth93 4,045 2,105 1,940
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 198,040 95,760 102,285
Americas 25,025 11,935 13,090
Brazil 4,200 2,015 2,190
Colombia 1,195 485 715
Haiti 275 150 120
Jamaica 3,145 1,570 1,580
Mexico 2,330 1,075 1,260
United States of America 5,125 2,610 2,520
Venezuela95 1,535 740 790
Other places of birth in Americas 7,215 3,290 3,925
Europe 20,690 10,515 10,175
France 1,940 985 955
Germany 650 355 300
Ireland96 1,365 870 495
Italy 835 480 355
Russian Federation 2,240 855 1,385
Ukraine 2,490 1,155 1,335
United Kingdom87 2,615 1,560 1,055
Other places of birth in Europe 8,550 4,260 4,290
Africa 18,720 9,485 9,240
Algeria 210 95 115
Burundi 125 35 90
Cameroon 500 265 240
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 360 150 210
Côte d'Ivoire 235 100 140
Egypt 995 520 475
Eritrea 2,775 1,495 1,280
Ethiopia 1,955 910 1,045
Morocco 520 245 280
Nigeria 4,535 2,280 2,255
Somalia 1,575 895 685
South Africa, Republic of 675 350 325
Sudan97 480 250 230
Tunisia 120 60 60
Other places of birth in Africa 3,650 1,830 1,815
Asia 132,735 63,325 69,410
Afghanistan 3,180 1,580 1,600
Bangladesh 4,760 2,465 2,290
China90 18,525 7,360 11,170
Hong Kong91 655 240 410
India 40,200 21,455 18,745
Iran88 5,225 2,485 2,745
Iraq 2,265 1,130 1,130
Israel 640 345 295
Japan 860 215 645
Jordan 385 225 155
Korea, South92 3,120 1,185 1,935
Lebanon 960 510 455
Nepal 1,235 640 600
Pakistan 5,740 2,925 2,820
Philippines 24,905 10,720 14,190
Saudi Arabia 1,870 1,070 800
Sri Lanka 2,710 1,295 1,415
Syria89 4,680 2,425 2,260
Turkey 2,670 1,515 1,150
United Arab Emirates 940 460 480
Viet Nam 2,395 885 1,510
Other places of birth in Asia 4,810 2,195 2,620
Oceania and other93 875 505 370
Australia 720 410 310
Other places of birth98 160 95 60
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 2,761,285 1,336,390 1,424,895
First generation100 1,462,090 684,355 777,735
Second generation101 741,035 372,030 369,010
Third generation or more102 558,160 280,005 278,155
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,063,205 492,575 570,640
Economic immigrants104 532,155 254,780 277,375
Principal applicants105 240,950 128,285 112,665
Secondary applicants106 291,205 126,495 164,710
Immigrants sponsored by family107 323,950 131,385 192,565
Refugees108 186,825 97,565 89,265
Other immigrants109 20,280 8,845 11,435
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,063,205 492,575 570,640
Asylum claim before admission111 102,210 53,850 48,355
Work permits only before admission112 111,095 46,175 64,920
Study permits only before admission113 24,490 11,975 12,510
Work and study permits before admission114 65,870 27,080 38,790
Other permits before admission115 5,180 1,985 3,195
No pre-admission experience116 754,355 351,500 402,865
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 2,761,285 1,336,390 1,424,895
Total visible minority population118 1,537,285 732,690 804,595
South Asian 385,440 198,065 187,375
Chinese 296,225 137,460 158,765
Black 265,005 122,060 142,950
Filipino 170,355 72,915 97,440
Arab 42,040 22,085 19,955
Latin American 92,455 44,590 47,865
Southeast Asian 53,905 24,980 28,925
West Asian 69,320 34,925 34,395
Korean 42,190 19,485 22,705
Japanese 13,210 5,365 7,845
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 42,435 19,845 22,585
Multiple visible minorities 64,700 30,915 33,785
Not a visible minority120 1,224,000 603,700 620,300
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 2,761,290 1,336,390 1,424,895
Canadian 165,640 84,370 81,270
English 244,995 122,460 122,530
Irish 226,865 109,935 116,930
Scottish 211,175 103,555 107,625
French, n.o.s.122 85,715 41,845 43,865
German 107,475 52,985 54,495
Chinese 297,725 138,260 159,465
Italian 167,460 82,010 85,450
Indian (India) 182,115 93,540 88,580
Ukrainian 61,560 29,005 32,550
Dutch 34,360 16,410 17,955
Polish 85,255 41,015 44,235
Québécois 2,620 1,225 1,390
British Isles, n.o.s.123 66,395 32,770 33,630
Filipino 161,495 69,185 92,310
French Canadian 15,450 7,195 8,255
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 32,230 16,160 16,075
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 9,350 4,380 4,970
Métis 7,420 3,435 3,985
European, n.o.s.126 35,895 17,620 18,270
Russian 56,130 25,725 30,405
Norwegian 8,670 4,100 4,565
Welsh 23,795 11,125 12,675
Portuguese 85,165 41,805 43,360
American 21,905 10,885 11,015
Spanish 44,625 20,895 23,730
Swedish 9,415 4,405 5,005
Hungarian 25,910 12,385 13,530
Acadian 3,935 1,775 2,160
Pakistani 41,705 21,145 20,555
African, n.o.s.127 50,400 23,975 26,425
Jewish 74,080 37,140 36,940
Punjabi 11,980 6,345 5,635
Vietnamese 42,190 19,685 22,510
Arab, n.o.s.128 18,385 9,645 8,740
Greek 51,985 26,040 25,945
Jamaican 62,015 28,165 33,850
Asian, n.o.s.129 39,880 18,735 21,145
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,380 695 680
Korean 42,195 19,625 22,575
Romanian 20,010 9,315 10,695
Lebanese 11,530 5,790 5,745
Iranian 37,895 19,030 18,865
Christian, n.i.e.131 15,030 7,120 7,910
Danish 7,120 3,525 3,595
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 3,925 1,845 2,085
Sikh 4,850 2,575 2,270
Austrian 11,700 5,695 6,010
Belgian 4,575 2,255 2,320
Haitian 2,820 1,285 1,530
Hindu 26,510 13,990 12,515
Mexican 15,440 7,570 7,870
Mennonite 1,740 820 920
Swiss 6,710 3,305 3,405
Finnish 7,710 3,550 4,165
Sri Lankan 43,495 21,320 22,170
Croatian 12,420 5,930 6,495
Japanese 17,115 7,165 9,950
South Asian, n.o.s.133 25,660 13,120 12,540
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 2,195 995 1,200
Northern European, n.o.s.135 4,345 2,185 2,160
Muslim 15,950 8,065 7,880
Egyptian 9,725 5,120 4,605
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 17,735 8,680 9,060
Tamil 35,070 17,375 17,695
Icelandic 2,560 1,305 1,255
Colombian 10,340 4,845 5,490
Moroccan 3,905 1,895 2,005
Czech 7,745 3,630 4,115
Syrian 6,785 3,285 3,495
Guyanese 27,780 12,870 14,910
Afghan 18,760 9,300 9,460
Black, n.o.s.137 22,590 9,570 13,030
Serbian 17,775 8,655 9,120
Ojibway 2,405 1,185 1,225
Newfoundlander 3,370 1,640 1,735
Hong Konger 12,835 6,050 6,785
Ontarian 4,725 2,365 2,360
Persian 15,215 7,895 7,330
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 17,350 8,165 9,180
Turkish 15,770 8,275 7,490
Inuit, n.o.s.138 285 110 170
Bangladeshi 26,650 13,640 13,010
Algerian 1,290 610 680
Brazilian 14,860 7,215 7,640
Nigerian 10,870 5,165 5,700
Armenian 11,885 5,830 6,055
Slovak 7,065 3,435