Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Ottawa, City (CV)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 1,017,449 ... ...
Population, 20161 934,243 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 8.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 427,113 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 407,252 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 364.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,788.20 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 1,017,445 496,045 521,405
0 to 14 years 166,920 84,820 82,105
0 to 4 years 48,790 24,600 24,195
5 to 9 years 57,410 29,290 28,125
10 to 14 years 60,720 30,930 29,790
15 to 64 years 678,375 333,520 344,850
15 to 19 years 60,385 30,685 29,705
20 to 24 years 70,785 35,910 34,875
25 to 29 years 72,830 36,540 36,295
30 to 34 years 70,190 34,670 35,520
35 to 39 years 69,520 33,780 35,735
40 to 44 years 65,890 31,520 34,370
45 to 49 years 66,240 31,705 34,540
50 to 54 years 67,265 32,775 34,490
55 to 59 years 71,465 35,225 36,235
60 to 64 years 63,795 30,710 33,090
65 years and over 172,150 77,700 94,455
65 to 69 years 52,355 24,910 27,445
70 to 74 years 45,375 21,150 24,230
75 to 79 years 30,940 14,100 16,840
80 to 84 years 21,080 9,190 11,890
85 years and over 22,395 8,350 14,050
85 to 89 years 13,385 5,445 7,940
90 to 94 years 6,775 2,305 4,470
95 to 99 years 1,960 540 1,415
100 years and over 275 55 220
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.1 15.7
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.2 66.1
65 years and over 16.9 15.7 18.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.7 2.7
Average age of the population 40.7 39.8 41.5
Median age of the population 40.0 38.8 40.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 407,250 ... ...
Single-detached house 169,760 ... ...
Semi-detached house 21,675 ... ...
Row house 87,045 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,595 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 43,025 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 76,895 ... ...
Other single-attached house 460 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 795 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 407,255 ... ...
1 person 116,370 ... ...
2 persons 135,365 ... ...
3 persons 61,740 ... ...
4 persons 59,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 34,605 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,000,935 489,175 511,760
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 850,525 411,225 439,305
Married or living common-law 474,220 237,030 237,195
Married 390,555 194,930 195,630
Living common-law 83,660 42,100 41,565
Living common law - Never married 63,475 31,825 31,650
Living common law - Separated 3,270 1,850 1,420
Living common law - Divorced 15,380 7,720 7,665
Living common law - Widowed 1,535 705 835
Not married and not living common-law 376,305 174,200 202,110
Not married and not living common law - Never married 265,265 139,265 126,000
Not married and not living common law - Separated 22,900 9,375 13,525
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 48,880 17,340 31,545
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 39,265 8,220 31,045
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 275,395 ... ...
2 persons 135,105 ... ...
3 persons 57,890 ... ...
4 persons 56,630 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,765 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 275,395 ... ...
Total couple families 231,060 ... ...
Married couples 189,255 ... ...
With children6 108,720 ... ...
Without children 80,535 ... ...
Common-law couples 41,805 ... ...
With children6 12,885 ... ...
Without children 28,920 ... ...
Total one-parent families 44,335 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 35,065 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 9,270 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 1,000,935 489,175 511,760
Total - Persons in census families 809,960 399,195 410,760
Married spouses or common-law partners 462,120 231,290 230,835
Parents in one-parent families 44,335 9,270 35,065
Children6 303,505 158,645 144,860
In a two-parent family 231,930 120,770 111,160
In a one-parent family 71,570 37,870 33,700
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 190,980 89,975 101,000
Living alone 116,365 51,045 65,325
Living with other relatives7 25,225 10,585 14,640
Living with non-relatives only 49,385 28,350 21,035
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 407,255 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 245,945 ... ...
Couple-family households 210,295 ... ...
With children6 110,890 ... ...
Without children 99,405 ... ...
One-parent-family households 35,650 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 9,915 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 1,870 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 10,995 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 22,155 ... ...
One-person households 116,370 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 834,205 404,450 429,755
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 799,200 386,555 412,640
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,000 55,600 45,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 799,650 386,770 412,875
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,000 48,400 40,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 728,470 358,275 370,195
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,800 54,000 40,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 592,955 300,705 292,250
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,600 52,400 42,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 708,155 336,015 372,140
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,650 4,840 8,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 56,350 24,065 32,285
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,720 5,480 6,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 197,900 96,185 101,715
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 834,140 404,315 429,825
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 799,175 386,475 412,700
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 64,500 73,000 56,650
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 799,595 386,675 412,920
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,450 58,100 47,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 728,550 358,535 370,020
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 61,750 71,000 52,750
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 592,955 301,070 291,890
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,650 68,000 53,150
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 708,130 336,085 372,045
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,340 8,240 10,340
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 55,125 23,630 31,500
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,990 5,815 7,870
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 196,650 95,610 101,040
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,100 9,140 9,080
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 834,140 404,315 429,820
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 313,220 168,925 144,295
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 77,500 83,000 72,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 90,800 98,400 82,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 211,910 98,085 113,830
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,000 17,600 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,480 32,400 26,960
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 87.2 90.2 83.6
Employment income (%)19 69.8 72.6 66.4
Government transfers (%)20 12.8 9.8 16.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.8 0.5 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.0 3.4 4.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.5 3.1 3.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 834,205 404,455 429,750
Without total income 35,010 17,895 17,110
With total income 799,195 386,555 412,645
Under $10,000 (including loss) 64,735 28,505 36,225
$10,000 to $19,999 81,905 35,885 46,020
$20,000 to $29,999 99,655 44,000 55,660
$30,000 to $39,999 82,070 36,275 45,795
$40,000 to $49,999 72,320 32,145 40,180
$50,000 to $59,999 65,745 29,095 36,650
$60,000 to $69,999 60,485 27,925 32,560
$70,000 to $79,999 51,755 25,620 26,135
$80,000 to $89,999 44,255 23,120 21,140
$90,000 to $99,999 36,745 19,310 17,430
$100,000 and over 139,520 84,675 54,845
$100,000 to $149,999 96,335 55,110 41,225
$150,000 and over 43,185 29,565 13,625
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 834,205 404,455 429,750
Without after-tax income 34,560 17,680 16,875
With after-tax income 799,645 386,770 412,875
Under $10,000 (including loss) 68,945 29,655 39,285
$10,000 to $19,999 85,505 37,495 48,015
$20,000 to $29,999 112,255 50,030 62,225
$30,000 to $39,999 96,660 43,605 53,055
$40,000 to $49,999 87,825 38,985 48,840
$50,000 to $59,999 80,210 36,915 43,295
$60,000 to $69,999 65,560 32,530 33,030
$70,000 to $79,999 53,935 28,340 25,590
$80,000 to $89,999 45,245 23,750 21,495
$90,000 to $99,999 32,110 18,430 13,680
$100,000 and over 71,395 47,035 24,360
$100,000 to $124,999 38,570 24,160 14,415
$125,000 and over 32,825 22,880 9,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 834,205 404,455 429,750
Without employment income 241,250 103,750 137,500
With employment income 592,955 300,705 292,250
Under $5,000 (including loss) 76,830 37,215 39,615
$5,000 to $9,999 44,305 20,170 24,135
$10,000 to $19,999 60,500 28,255 32,250
$20,000 to $29,999 43,960 21,040 22,915
$30,000 to $39,999 40,800 19,885 20,915
$40,000 to $49,999 40,555 19,160 21,390
$50,000 to $59,999 41,380 19,315 22,065
$60,000 to $69,999 40,990 19,215 21,775
$70,000 to $79,999 35,050 17,715 17,335
$80,000 to $89,999 32,370 17,015 15,360
$90,000 to $99,999 29,120 14,990 14,125
$100,000 and over 107,100 66,730 40,370
$100,000 to $124,999 51,775 29,450 22,325
$125,000 and over 55,320 37,280 18,040
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 834,205 404,450 429,755
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 780,535 377,120 403,405
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,200 53,200 42,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 780,930 377,185 403,750
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,600 46,400 38,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 714,635 351,395 363,235
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,400 52,800 40,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 588,510 297,810 290,705
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,000 50,800 41,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 664,760 315,965 348,795
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,450 850 3,240
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 40,110 16,015 24,095
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,040 5,240 6,750
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 834,140 404,315 429,825
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 780,035 376,805 403,230
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,900 69,400 52,900
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 780,415 376,845 403,565
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,440 55,200 44,080
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 714,295 351,445 362,855
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,550 69,700 51,650
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 588,525 297,910 290,615
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 58,900 66,300 51,350
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 664,165 315,875 348,290
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,400 5,270 7,430
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,730 16,350 24,380
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,840 6,305 8,860
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 834,140 404,315 429,820
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 310,985 167,595 143,385
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 72,500 78,500 67,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 83,700 91,500 74,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 196,430 90,730 105,700
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,600 22,800 20,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,480 37,920 31,520
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 91.0 93.6 87.8
Employment income (%) 73.0 75.4 70.0
Government transfers (%) 9.0 6.4 12.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7 0.4 1.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 407,255 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 116,370 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 55,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 290,885 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 407,250 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 126,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 116,230 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 64,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 53,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 291,025 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 151,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 123,000 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 407,250 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,455 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,405 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,985 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,820 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,080 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,475 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,320 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,715 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,070 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,155 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,780 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,500 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,185 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,710 ... ...
$100,000 and over 208,915 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 50,875 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,410 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 54,675 ... ...
$200,000 and over 62,955 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 407,250 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,980 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,470 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,800 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,240 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,615 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,425 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,305 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,425 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,055 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,980 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 29,855 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,930 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,450 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,010 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,500 ... ...
$100,000 and over 172,210 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 54,115 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 39,740 ... ...
$150,000 and over 78,355 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 274,735 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 129,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 101,595 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 122,135 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 162,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 137,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 41,580 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 165,755 79,400 86,360
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 46,400 45,200 47,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 41,600 40,400 42,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 274,750 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 153,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 124,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 101,380 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 140,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 112,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 122,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 186,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 150,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 41,480 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 92,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 80,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 165,700 78,980 86,720
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 56,900 57,600 56,300
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 47,360 47,360 47,360
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 1,000,940 489,180 511,760
0 to 17 years 202,130 102,880 99,245
0 to 5 years 59,530 30,115 29,415
18 to 64 years 638,295 312,235 326,060
65 years and over 160,515 74,065 86,450
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 89,205 41,925 47,285
0 to 17 years 21,565 10,970 10,605
0 to 5 years 7,035 3,560 3,470
18 to 64 years 52,460 24,915 27,545
65 years and over 15,185 6,045 9,140
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.9 8.6 9.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.7
0 to 5 years (%) 11.8 11.8 11.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 8.0 8.5
65 years and over (%) 9.5 8.2 10.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 1,000,935 489,175 511,760
0 to 17 years 202,125 102,880 99,250
0 to 5 years 59,525 30,110 29,410
18 to 64 years 638,295 312,235 326,060
65 years and over 160,515 74,060 86,455
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 59,550 30,045 29,500
0 to 17 years 11,235 5,710 5,525
0 to 5 years 3,615 1,800 1,815
18 to 64 years 43,190 22,140 21,050
65 years and over 5,120 2,195 2,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 6.1 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 5.6 5.6 5.6
0 to 5 years (%) 6.1 6.0 6.2
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 7.1 6.5
65 years and over (%) 3.2 3.0 3.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 1,000,940 489,180 511,760
In bottom half of the distribution 380,325 182,230 198,100
In bottom decile 86,925 42,530 44,395
In second decile 70,295 33,095 37,200
In third decile 70,060 33,670 36,390
In fourth decile 72,780 34,600 38,180
In fifth decile 80,265 38,330 41,935
In top half of the distribution 620,610 306,950 313,665
In sixth decile 88,850 42,775 46,070
In seventh decile 100,465 48,890 51,575
In eighth decile 117,410 57,895 59,520
In ninth decile 146,625 72,875 73,755
In top decile 167,260 84,515 82,745
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 1,000,935 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.345 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.430 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.301 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 1,006,965 491,745 515,220
English only 610,175 311,375 298,800
French only 14,275 5,910 8,365
English and French 367,035 168,485 198,545
Neither English nor French 15,480 5,975 9,500
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 1,006,965 491,745 515,220
English 824,560 408,695 415,860
French 141,555 65,135 76,425
English and French 25,845 12,200 13,650
Neither English nor French 15,000 5,710 9,290
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 1,006,965 491,745 515,220
Single responses 944,105 461,815 482,295
Official languages 711,900 351,245 360,650
English 585,865 292,780 293,085
French 126,030 58,470 67,565
Non-official languages 232,210 110,565 121,640
Indigenous languages39 595 240 360
Algonquian languages 205 90 115
Blackfoot 5 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 110 55 60
Atikamekw 5 0 5
Cree languages 105 45 55
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 5 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 25 15 10
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 40 15 20
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Mi'kmaq 15 5 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 75 25 50
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 10 0 5
Ojibway languages 55 20 35
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 5 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 40 15 30
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 365 135 230
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 360 135 230
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 5 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 231,615 110,330 121,285
Afro-Asiatic languages 55,580 27,700 27,885
Berber languages 500 275 225
Kabyle 355 190 165
Tamazight 125 70 50
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Chadic languages 80 40 40
Hausa 50 30 20
Mina 30 15 20
Coptic 30 10 15
Cushitic languages 7,610 3,295 4,320
Bilen 90 45 45
Oromo 210 110 95
Somali 7,150 3,055 4,090
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85
Semitic languages 47,365 24,080 23,285
Amharic 1,615 745 870
Arabic 43,645 22,255 21,395
Aramaic languages 115 55 65
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 40
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 15 5
Aramaic, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Harari 40 15 25
Hebrew 475 265 210
Maltese 35 15 20
Tigrigna 1,390 715 675
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,685 3,470 4,210
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,085 490 595
Vietnamese 6,590 2,980 3,610
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
Austronesian languages 8,640 3,295 5,345
Bikol 30 20 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 150 55 90
Cebuano 340 115 220
Fijian 5 0 0
Hiligaynon 165 60 100
Ilocano 725 295 430
Indonesian 365 145 220
Kankanaey 20 10 15
Kinaray-a 15 5 15
Malagasy languages 70 30 40
Merina 20 10 15
Malagasy, n.o.s. 50 25 30
Malay 55 15 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 25 25
Pangasinan 20 10 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,440 2,440 3,995
Waray-Waray 40 15 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 50 90
Creole languages 4,355 1,865 2,490
Haitian Creole 3,240 1,370 1,865
Jamaican English Creole 25 15 10
Krio 25 15 15
Morisyen 220 110 110
Sango 20 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 750 310 445
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40
Dravidian languages 5,840 3,050 2,785
Kannada 330 165 165
Malayalam 1,350 725 625
Tamil 2,920 1,465 1,455
Telugu 1,200 675 520
Tulu 25 15 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Georgian 40 20 20
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 97,715 46,940 50,770
Albanian 765 390 380
Armenian 450 220 230
Balto-Slavic languages 20,590 9,180 11,410
Baltic languages 405 165 240
Latvian 215 90 125
Lithuanian 185 80 105
Slavic languages 20,185 9,015 11,175
Belarusian 50 25 20
Bulgarian 870 405 460
Czech 780 330 445
Macedonian 100 45 55
Polish 5,110 2,240 2,865
Russian 7,295 3,220 4,075
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,520 1,675 1,845
Bosnian 700 340 365
Croatian 980 460 520
Serbian 1,755 845 915
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 85 40 45
Slovak 530 225 300
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 65 110
Ukrainian 1,755 775 980
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Celtic languages 80 35 40
Irish 20 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5
Welsh 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Germanic languages 7,545 3,440 4,100
Frisian 30 15 15
High German languages 4,615 2,035 2,580
German 4,305 1,880 2,420
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 180 75 100
Yiddish 130 75 55
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,215 1,070 1,140
Afrikaans 210 100 105
Dutch 1,910 920 990
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 5 5 0
Plautdietsch 25 15 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35
Scandinavian languages 660 310 350
Danish 270 125 145
Icelandic 20 15 5
Norwegian 130 50 80
Swedish 245 125 120
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Greek 1,965 1,015 950
Indo-Iranian languages 35,860 18,365 17,490
Indo-Aryan languages 25,015 12,975 12,040
Assamese 10 0 5
Bengali 3,990 1,995 1,995
Gujarati 2,810 1,615 1,195
Hindi 4,225 2,230 1,995
Kacchi 150 55 95
Kashmiri 30 15 15
Konkani 125 60 65
Marathi 475 235 240
Nepali 1,005 495 510
Oriya languages 80 40 40
Odia 55 25 30
Oriya, n.o.s. 25 15 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,610 2,980 2,630
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 100 50 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 920 440 480
Urdu 5,390 2,700 2,690
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45
Iranian languages 10,830 5,385 5,450
Baluchi 10 5 0
Kurdish 785 400 385
Parsi 20 5 10
Pashto 1,285 660 625
Persian languages 8,690 4,285 4,405
Dari 2,320 1,125 1,200
Iranian Persian 5,735 2,840 2,900
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 630 325 310
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 30,450 14,285 16,165
Catalan 35 10 20
Italian 7,960 3,880 4,080
Portuguese 5,655 2,715 2,935
Romanian 2,630 1,180 1,450
Spanish 14,140 6,475 7,660
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Japanese 970 300 675
Korean 2,660 1,155 1,500
Mongolian 45 15 35
Niger-Congo languages 7,710 3,500 4,215
Akan (Twi) 365 175 185
Bamanankan 115 60 50
Edo 65 30 40
Éwé 95 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 125 65 65
Ga 50 25 30
Ganda 155 65 95
Gikuyu 65 20 45
Igbo 225 105 120
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 940 395 540
Lingala 380 160 220
Luba-Kasai 85 35 50
Mòoré 35 20 20
Mwani 40 20 15
Ndebele 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,885 845 1,040
Shona 120 50 75
Soninke 15 10 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 25 10 15
Swahili 1,420 640 775
Wojenaka 30 15 10
Wolof 145 80 65
Yoruba 640 310 330
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 685 315 370
Nilo-Saharan languages 355 175 185
Dinka 100 55 45
Nuer 70 25 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 170 90 85
African, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Sign languages 240 135 105
American Sign Language 170 100 70
Quebec Sign Language 20 15 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 34,275 16,020 18,255
Chinese languages 33,415 15,610 17,800
Hakka 125 50 70
Mandarin 22,310 10,375 11,935
Min Dong 30 15 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 600 280 320
Wu (Shanghainese) 295 125 170
Yue (Cantonese) 9,675 4,565 5,110
Chinese, n.o.s. 355 190 170
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 800 380 425
Burmese 175 85 90
Kuki-Chin languages 205 90 115
Karenic languages 300 150 150
S'gaw Karen 285 140 145
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Tibetan 60 30 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 65 25 35
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25
Tai-Kadai languages 730 275 465
Lao 335 155 180
Thai 390 115 280
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Turkic languages 2,980 1,585 1,390
Azerbaijani 160 85 75
Kazakh 25 10 15
Turkish 2,600 1,400 1,195
Uyghur 55 30 20
Uzbek 55 25 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50
Uralic languages 1,740 800 935
Estonian 125 60 70
Finnish 260 105 155
Hungarian 1,345 640 710
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25
Multiple responses 62,860 29,935 32,925
English and French 22,595 10,665 11,935
English and non-official language(s) 27,990 13,645 14,340
French and non-official language(s) 5,620 2,510 3,110
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,925 1,865 2,060
Multiple non-official languages 2,735 1,250 1,485
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 1,006,965 491,745 515,220
English 618,285 308,580 309,700
French 57,370 26,490 30,880
Non-official language 59,420 27,750 31,675
Indigenous39 85 35 50
Non-Indigenous 59,340 27,715 31,620
English and French 78,665 36,265 42,405
English and non-official language(s) 149,585 72,990 76,595
French and non-official language(s) 8,165 3,480 4,690
English, French and non-official language(s) 30,925 14,090 16,840
Multiple non-official languages 4,540 2,100 2,440
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 1,006,965 491,745 515,220
Single responses 942,180 461,005 481,175
Official languages 817,530 401,465 416,065
English 734,735 363,575 371,155
French 82,795 37,890 44,905
Non-official languages 124,650 59,540 65,110
Indigenous languages39 170 80 95
Algonquian languages 40 20 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 20 10 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 10 5 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 5 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 5 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 120 50 70
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 115 50 70
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5
Cayuga 5 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 124,480 59,465 65,015
Afro-Asiatic languages 32,290 15,555 16,735
Berber languages 210 110 105
Kabyle 145 75 70
Tamazight 60 30 30
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Chadic languages 30 15 10
Hausa 20 10 5
Mina 10 5 5
Coptic 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 4,260 1,770 2,490
Bilen 55 30 25
Oromo 105 55 50
Somali 3,980 1,625 2,350
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 120 60 65
Semitic languages 27,780 13,655 14,120
Amharic 870 385 480
Arabic 25,805 12,715 13,090
Aramaic languages 70 30 35
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10
Aramaic, n.o.s. 25 10 10
Harari 15 10 15
Hebrew 185 95 90
Maltese 5 0 5
Tigrigna 810 410 390
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,625 2,115 2,510
Khmer (Cambodian) 515 230 280
Vietnamese 4,115 1,885 2,230
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 4,440 1,920 2,520
Bikol 5 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 60 20 35
Cebuano 175 75 100
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 70 40 35
Ilocano 395 180 215
Indonesian 120 55 65
Kankanaey 20 5 10
Kinaray-a 10 0 5
Malagasy languages 35 10 25
Merina 15 0 15
Malagasy, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 25
Pangasinan 10 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,425 1,475 1,950
Waray-Waray 20 10 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30
Creole languages 2,235 915 1,325
Haitian Creole 1,650 670 985
Jamaican English Creole 5 0 0
Krio 15 5 10
Morisyen 135 65 75
Sango 10 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 395 145 250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Dravidian languages 3,600 1,845 1,755
Kannada 175 90 85
Malayalam 810 445 365
Tamil 1,915 925 995
Telugu 685 390 300
Tulu 5 0 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Georgian 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 46,210 22,445 23,765
Albanian 355 175 175
Armenian 195 90 105
Balto-Slavic languages 9,300 4,365 4,935
Baltic languages 85 40 45
Latvian 40 20 20
Lithuanian 40 20 20
Slavic languages 9,215 4,325 4,890
Belarusian 30 20 10
Bulgarian 375 170 200
Czech 180 90 95
Macedonian 35 15 20
Polish 1,765 795 970
Russian 4,365 2,055 2,310
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,600 780 825
Bosnian 310 150 160
Croatian 320 155 165
Serbian 955 460 490
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Slovak 155 75 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15
Ukrainian 680 325 360
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0
Welsh 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 730 345 385
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 460 205 260
German 430 185 240
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 15 15
Yiddish 10 5 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 190 95 90
Afrikaans 75 35 35
Dutch 115 60 55
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0
Scandinavian languages 70 40 30
Danish 20 10 5
Icelandic 5 0 5
Norwegian 10 5 5
Swedish 35 25 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Greek 570 265 310
Indo-Iranian languages 21,700 10,970 10,730
Indo-Aryan languages 14,950 7,725 7,220
Assamese 10 5 5
Bengali 2,425 1,190 1,235
Gujarati 1,585 910 675
Hindi 2,285 1,195 1,090
Kacchi 50 20 30
Kashmiri 5 5 5
Konkani 25 10 15
Marathi 195 100 100
Nepali 710 355 355
Oriya languages 35 20 20
Odia 25 10 15
Oriya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,825 2,040 1,790
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 40 20 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 505 240 265
Urdu 3,210 1,605 1,605
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15
Iranian languages 6,745 3,240 3,500
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 455 210 245
Parsi 10 5 5
Pashto 865 420 450
Persian languages 5,400 2,600 2,800
Dari 1,325 625 700
Iranian Persian 3,695 1,790 1,905
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 375 180 200
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 13,355 6,225 7,130
Catalan 15 10 5
Italian 1,995 885 1,110
Portuguese 2,890 1,410 1,480
Romanian 1,185 535 650
Spanish 7,265 3,390 3,870
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 380 145 235
Korean 1,555 715 840
Mongolian 30 10 20
Niger-Congo languages 3,040 1,320 1,725
Akan (Twi) 120 50 70
Bamanankan 35 15 20
Edo 20 5 15
Éwé 20 10 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 25 30
Ga 10 5 10
Ganda 35 15 15
Gikuyu 5 0 0
Igbo 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 415 165 250
Lingala 150 60 85
Luba-Kasai 25 5 15
Mòoré 5 5 0
Mwani 5 0 0
Ndebele 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,000 455 545
Shona 25 10 15
Soninke 10 10 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 5
Swahili 645 265 380
Wojenaka 20 15 5
Wolof 50 20 25
Yoruba 225 100 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 50 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 55 80
Dinka 30 10 15
Nuer 25 5 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 400 225 170
American Sign Language 295 165 130
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 22,960 10,900 12,060
Chinese languages 22,375 10,620 11,760
Hakka 35 15 20
Mandarin 16,200 7,760 8,440
Min Dong 25 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 235 100 130
Wu (Shanghainese) 190 90 100
Yue (Cantonese) 5,515 2,535 2,980
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 105 75
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 535 255 280
Burmese 105 55 50
Kuki-Chin languages 140 65 80
Karenic languages 210 100 110
S'gaw Karen 200 95 100
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibetan 30 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25
Tai-Kadai languages 295 125 175
Lao 170 75 90
Thai 120 45 80
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Turkic languages 1,895 1,000 890
Azerbaijani 60 30 30
Kazakh 15 5 5
Turkish 1,715 910 800
Uyghur 40 25 10
Uzbek 30 10 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Uralic languages 380 170 210
Estonian 15 5 10
Finnish 25 10 15
Hungarian 345 160 185
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Multiple responses 64,785 30,740 34,045
English and French 19,180 8,785 10,395
English and non-official language(s) 37,595 18,375 19,220
French and non-official language(s) 3,505 1,500 2,010
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,785 1,745 2,040
Multiple non-official languages 720 340 380
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 1,006,965 491,745 515,220
None 786,960 387,530 399,430
English 67,365 32,330 35,040
French 48,965 22,695 26,265
Non-official language 70,130 33,325 36,800
Indigenous39 430 165 265
Non-Indigenous 69,695 33,160 36,535
English and French 5,080 2,335 2,740
English and non-official language(s) 9,150 4,495 4,655
French and non-official language(s) 11,250 5,085 6,170
English, French and non-official language(s) 580 290 290
Multiple non-official languages 7,485 3,665 3,820
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 1,000,935 489,105 511,830
Official languages 985,515 483,135 502,380
English 971,415 477,215 494,200
French 379,320 173,190 206,130
Non-official languages 339,240 160,670 178,570
Indigenous languages39 1,390 630 765
Algonquian languages 625 280 340
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 265 120 140
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 245 110 135
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 10 10 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 50 25 30
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 90 45 45
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 25 10 15
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 65 20 45
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 55 35 20
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 25 15 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 285 110 175
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 30 10 20
Oji-Cree 20 10 10
Ojibway languages 245 95 150
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 85 30 55
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 15 15 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 150 50 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 25 20 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 20 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 640 275 365
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 630 265 365
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 70 25 50
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 50 20 30
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 15 10 0
Salish languages 15 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 15 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Non-Indigenous languages 338,015 160,135 177,885
Afro-Asiatic languages 82,330 41,340 40,990
Berber languages 730 365 365
Kabyle 520 265 260
Tamazight 205 110 95
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30
Chadic languages 400 210 195
Hausa 300 155 150
Mina 100 50 45
Coptic 155 80 70
Cushitic languages 10,730 4,890 5,840
Bilen 170 110 60
Oromo 305 145 155
Somali 10,040 4,510 5,535
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 295 160 135
Semitic languages 72,430 36,845 35,585
Amharic 3,125 1,545 1,580
Arabic 66,380 33,855 32,530
Aramaic languages 235 110 125
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 105 45 60
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 50 15 25
Aramaic, n.o.s. 80 50 30
Harari 85 30 50
Hebrew 2,170 1,145 1,025
Maltese 60 25 35
Tigrigna 2,045 1,035 1,015
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 75 60
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,935 4,585 5,345
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,520 665 855
Vietnamese 8,490 3,950 4,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 10
Austronesian languages 12,405 4,905 7,500
Bikol 20 10 15
Bisaya, n.o.s. 180 85 95
Cebuano 645 240 405
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 375 175 200
Ilocano 1,445 570 875
Indonesian 855 380 475
Kankanaey 70 20 55
Kinaray-a 35 10 30
Malagasy languages 125 65 60
Merina 15 0 10
Malagasy, n.o.s. 110 60 55
Malay 380 160 225
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 25 40
Pangasinan 70 30 45
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,525 4,075 6,450
Waray-Waray 110 30 80
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 510 210 300
Creole languages 10,580 4,660 5,920
Haitian Creole 8,565 3,695 4,865
Jamaican English Creole 145 90 60
Krio 65 20 45
Morisyen 595 300 300
Sango 75 30 40
Creole, n.o.s. 1,355 580 770
Creole languages, n.i.e. 410 200 215
Dravidian languages 8,700 4,595 4,105
Kannada 840 470 370
Malayalam 1,920 1,075 840
Tamil 4,800 2,435 2,370
Telugu 2,150 1,160 995
Tulu 65 30 30
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25
Georgian 90 40 55
Hmong-Mien languages 15 0 0
Indo-European languages 154,980 73,655 81,320
Albanian 950 505 445
Armenian 760 400 365
Balto-Slavic languages 26,665 12,305 14,365
Baltic languages 480 200 285
Latvian 230 115 115
Lithuanian 250 90 160
Slavic languages 26,270 12,150 14,115
Belarusian 195 90 110
Bulgarian 1,075 540 535
Czech 1,345 630 720
Macedonian 210 95 115
Polish 6,645 2,990 3,660
Russian 11,590 5,520 6,070
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,685 2,220 2,460
Bosnian 1,385 670 715
Croatian 2,135 985 1,150
Serbian 2,655 1,305 1,350
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 90 50 40
Slovak 945 390 550
Slovene (Slovenian) 235 115 115
Ukrainian 3,170 1,375 1,795
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20
Celtic languages 455 220 235
Irish 300 160 140
Scottish Gaelic 80 45 35
Welsh 70 20 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Germanic languages 17,165 8,105 9,060
Frisian 45 20 25
High German languages 12,755 6,045 6,710
German 12,375 5,860 6,515
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 230 95 130
Yiddish 310 150 155
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,475 1,600 1,880
Afrikaans 660 340 330
Dutch 2,715 1,225 1,490
Low German, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 35 25 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 115 35 85
Scandinavian languages 1,500 745 755
Danish 505 185 320
Icelandic 25 10 15
Norwegian 360 205 155
Swedish 685 385 300
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 95 30 60
Greek 2,965 1,530 1,440
Indo-Iranian languages 52,110 26,755 25,350
Indo-Aryan languages 39,190 20,285 18,910
Assamese 30 15 20
Bengali 5,420 2,800 2,620
Gujarati 4,375 2,440 1,935
Hindi 18,430 9,705 8,725
Kacchi 340 150 190
Kashmiri 35 15 15
Konkani 275 105 165
Marathi 1,205 590 615
Nepali 1,270 650 625
Oriya languages 100 45 55
Odia 65 25 40
Oriya, n.o.s. 25 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10,240 5,435 4,805
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 210 110 100
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,485 735 755
Urdu 10,495 5,330 5,165
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 305 185 120
Iranian languages 14,040 7,075 6,965
Baluchi 20 15 0
Kurdish 1,090 550 540
Parsi 40 25 15
Pashto 2,035 1,035 1,000
Persian languages 11,805 6,005 5,800
Dari 3,470 1,780 1,690
Iranian Persian 7,810 3,910 3,900
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 755 425 330
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 60 90
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10
Italic (Romance) languages 61,090 27,150 33,940
Catalan 135 75 65
Italian 15,235 7,125 8,110
Portuguese 8,795 4,195 4,605
Romanian 3,310 1,420 1,895
Spanish 38,350 16,470 21,880
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 185 100 85
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 55 40 15
Japanese 2,835 1,345 1,485
Korean 3,615 1,590 2,020
Mongolian 95 30 70
Niger-Congo languages 18,815 8,510 10,310
Akan (Twi) 850 395 455
Bamanankan 360 210 145
Edo 200 95 110
Éwé 235 110 125
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 315 145 170
Ga 195 90 110
Ganda 385 155 230
Gikuyu 90 25 65
Igbo 1,085 520 570
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,030 845 1,185
Lingala 3,105 1,270 1,840
Luba-Kasai 510 230 280
Mòoré 125 80 50
Mwani 35 25 10
Ndebele 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,185 1,430 1,755
Shona 275 95 185
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 75 25 45
Swahili 5,310 2,495 2,815
Wojenaka 115 55 60
Wolof 405 205 205
Yoruba 2,250 1,115 1,140
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,945 1,450 1,495
Nilo-Saharan languages 700 315 390
Dinka 155 75 70
Nuer 100 25 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 450 210 240
African, n.o.s. 175 75 105
Sign languages 2,095 780 1,320
American Sign Language 1,820 640 1,180
Quebec Sign Language 145 70 75
Sign languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120
Sino-Tibetan languages 41,125 19,215 21,910
Chinese languages 40,240 18,760 21,480
Hakka 225 100 125
Mandarin 29,995 13,735 16,265
Min Dong 40 10 30
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 455 580
Wu (Shanghainese) 490 215 280
Yue (Cantonese) 13,630 6,420 7,215
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 220 215
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 450 425
Burmese 310 155 150
Kuki-Chin languages 280 120 160
Karenic languages 360 195 170
S'gaw Karen 345 185 155
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 45 20 25
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,220 465 755
Lao 475 200 275
Thai 880 325 550
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Turkic languages 4,425 2,280 2,145
Azerbaijani 385 250 140
Kazakh 170 80 90
Turkish 3,820 1,945 1,875
Uyghur 105 75 30
Uzbek 160 65 95
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55
Uralic languages 2,410 1,105 1,300
Estonian 210 85 125
Finnish 435 195 240
Hungarian 1,775 830 950
Other languages, n.i.e. 300 140 160
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,000,935 489,105 511,830
Indigenous identity45 26,395 12,465 13,930
Single Indigenous responses46 25,110 11,875 13,230
First Nations (North American Indian) 13,300 6,280 7,015
Métis 10,545 5,015 5,530
Inuk (Inuit) 1,270 585 685
Multiple Indigenous responses47 665 295 365
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 620 295 325
Non-Indigenous identity 974,540 476,640 497,905
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,000,935 489,105 511,830
Registered or Treaty Indian49 6,635 3,155 3,475
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 994,300 485,945 508,350
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 407,250 ... ...
Owner 260,220 ... ...
Renter 147,030 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 407,250 ... ...
Condominium 65,705 ... ...
Not condominium 341,550 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 407,250 ... ...
No bedrooms 3,830 ... ...
1 bedroom 59,775 ... ...
2 bedrooms 85,345 ... ...
3 bedrooms 150,190 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 108,110 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 407,250 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 117,090 ... ...
5 rooms 54,625 ... ...
6 rooms 57,030 ... ...
7 rooms 54,520 ... ...
8 or more rooms 123,985 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 407,250 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 398,225 ... ...
More than one person per room 9,030 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 407,250 ... ...
Suitable 385,180 ... ...
Not suitable 22,070 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 407,250 ... ...
1960 or before 64,815 ... ...
1961 to 1980 115,070 ... ...
1981 to 1990 63,195 ... ...
1991 to 2000 46,095 ... ...
2001 to 2005 28,865 ... ...
2006 to 2010 29,380 ... ...
2011 to 2015 28,490 ... ...
2016 to 202157 31,355 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 407,250 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 385,390 ... ...
Major repairs needed 21,860 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 407,250 ... ...
One-maintainer household 198,960 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 189,175 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 19,115 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 407,250 ... ...
15 to 24 years 14,640 ... ...
25 to 34 years 62,300 ... ...
35 to 44 years 72,630 ... ...
45 to 54 years 76,580 ... ...
55 to 64 years 80,140 ... ...
65 to 74 years 58,720 ... ...
75 to 84 years 31,270 ... ...
85 years and over 10,970 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 404,915 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 323,340 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 81,575 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 72,595 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 407,250 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 114,035 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 71,850 ... ...
Not suitable only 16,150 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 14,840 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 4,180 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 5,275 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,475 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 275 ... ...
Acceptable housing 293,215 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 395,940 ... ...
In core need 44,435 ... ...
Not in core need 351,505 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 259,630 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 59.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,560 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,668 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 624,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 672,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 146,985 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 14.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 35.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 23.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,380 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,422 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 1,000,935 489,105 511,835
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 8,200 3,800 4,400
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 7,950 3,690 4,255
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 5,255 2,460 2,790
Métis single ancestry 1,945 905 1,040
Inuit single ancestry 750 325 425
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 255 105 145
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 200 75 120
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 35 20 15
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 20 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 33,190 15,520 17,675
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 32,460 15,245 17,220
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 23,370 10,935 12,430
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 8,340 3,935 4,400
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 755 365 390
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 730 275 450
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 640 255 385
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55 10 50
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 15
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 959,545 469,790 489,755
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 1,000,940 489,105 511,830
Canadian citizens77 905,590 442,065 463,525
Canadian citizens aged under 18 185,345 94,095 91,250
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 720,250 347,970 372,280
Not Canadian citizens78 95,345 47,040 48,305
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 1,000,940 489,105 511,830
Non-immigrants80 712,100 351,370 360,735
Immigrants81 259,215 122,255 136,960
Before 1980 42,685 20,520 22,160
1980 to 1990 29,930 14,095 15,835
1991 to 2000 51,775 24,130 27,645
2001 to 2010 56,115 25,335 30,785
2011 to 202182 78,715 38,175 40,540
2011 to 2015 31,305 14,655 16,650
2016 to 2021 47,415 23,520 23,890
Non-permanent residents83 29,620 15,485 14,135
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 259,220 122,255 136,960
Under 5 years 25,575 12,690 12,885
5 to 14 years 46,995 23,865 23,135
15 to 24 years 47,450 21,275 26,175
25 to 44 years 116,090 53,990 62,100
45 years and over 23,105 10,435 12,665
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 259,220 122,255 136,960
Americas 36,600 16,125 20,475
Brazil 1,980 930 1,050
Colombia 1,755 760 995
El Salvador 2,045 960 1,090
Guyana 1,255 545 710
Haiti 6,705 2,795 3,915
Jamaica 3,175 1,360 1,815
Mexico 1,710 680 1,035
Peru 790 310 475
Trinidad and Tobago 1,280 520 760
United States of America 8,795 4,110 4,690
Other places of birth in Americas 7,110 3,160 3,955
Europe 54,405 25,760 28,645
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,630 795 840
Croatia 780 330 450
France 2,665 1,195 1,465
Germany 3,390 1,535 1,860
Greece 800 415 380
Hungary 700 320 375
Italy 4,625 2,315 2,310
Netherlands 1,640 800 840
Poland 3,965 1,690 2,270
Portugal 1,995 1,015 975
Romania 2,550 1,105 1,450
Russian Federation 3,245 1,420 1,820
Serbia86 770 350 420
Ukraine 2,460 1,100 1,360
United Kingdom87 14,765 7,490 7,275
Other places of birth in Europe 8,420 3,870 4,550
Africa 44,290 21,085 23,205
Algeria 1,905 945 960
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 3,975 1,720 2,260
Egypt 4,410 2,340 2,070
Eritrea 1,535 850 680
Ethiopia 2,815 1,355 1,465
Morocco 2,640 1,350 1,290
Nigeria 3,220 1,660 1,560
Somalia 4,520 1,780 2,740
South Africa, Republic of 1,235 570 665
Other places of birth in Africa 18,035 8,520 9,510
Asia 123,015 58,815 64,205
Afghanistan 2,850 1,405 1,445
Iran88 6,000 3,040 2,965
Iraq 4,460 2,270 2,190
Lebanon 11,905 6,115 5,785
Syria89 6,365 3,250 3,120
Turkey 1,655 865 785
China90 20,320 8,865 11,450
Hong Kong91 3,205 1,595 1,605
Korea, South92 2,195 990 1,210
Taiwan 1,025 465 560
Philippines 10,505 4,100 6,405
Viet Nam 6,155 2,820 3,335
Bangladesh 3,270 1,655 1,610
India 16,195 8,385 7,810
Pakistan 5,500 2,725 2,775
Sri Lanka 2,885 1,400 1,485
Other places of birth in Asia 18,530 8,865 9,665
Oceania and other places of birth93 905 475 430
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 47,415 23,520 23,890
Americas 5,050 2,405 2,650
Brazil 740 380 360
Colombia 270 105 160
Haiti 985 420 570
Jamaica 200 110 90
Mexico 325 150 180
United States of America 1,565 805 760
Venezuela95 120 50 65
Other places of birth in Americas 855 390 460
Europe 3,680 1,875 1,800
France 505 240 260
Germany 180 125 55
Ireland96 130 100 30
Italy 65 40 20
Russian Federation 475 205 265
Ukraine 505 245 260
United Kingdom87 710 410 300
Other places of birth in Europe 1,120 515 605
Africa 12,725 6,285 6,435
Algeria 625 315 315
Burundi 1,300 600 705
Cameroon 480 230 245
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,060 480 580
Côte d'Ivoire 275 115 155
Egypt 670 360 310
Eritrea 580 300 275
Ethiopia 440 200 235
Morocco 955 495 460
Nigeria 1,790 915 870
Somalia 570 295 275
South Africa, Republic of 345 150 195
Sudan97 175 120 55
Tunisia 450 220 235
Other places of birth in Africa 3,005 1,480 1,530
Asia 25,825 12,890 12,935
Afghanistan 755 380 375
Bangladesh 580 250 330
China90 3,225 1,415 1,805
Hong Kong91 90 40 50
India 5,645 3,100 2,545
Iran88 825 425 400
Iraq 955 490 465
Israel 145 85 55
Japan 60 15 45
Jordan 340 150 195
Korea, South92 315 125 185
Lebanon 1,045 555 485
Nepal 110 45 65
Pakistan 925 455 470
Philippines 2,105 915 1,190
Saudi Arabia 580 315 265
Sri Lanka 260 115 150
Syria89 4,450 2,315 2,130
Turkey 695 365 330
United Arab Emirates 570 290 275
Viet Nam 460 190 270
Other places of birth in Asia 1,705 840 860
Oceania and other93 130 65 65
Australia 95 50 45
Other places of birth98 35 10 20
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 1,000,935 489,105 511,830
First generation100 303,690 145,105 158,585
Second generation101 209,590 104,920 104,675
Third generation or more102 487,660 239,080 248,570
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 216,530 101,735 114,800
Economic immigrants104 104,175 52,225 51,945
Principal applicants105 44,555 27,060 17,490
Secondary applicants106 59,620 25,165 34,455
Immigrants sponsored by family107 56,285 22,245 34,040
Refugees108 52,950 25,975 26,975
Other immigrants109 3,125 1,295 1,835
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 216,530 101,735 114,800
Asylum claim before admission111 20,290 9,650 10,640
Work permits only before admission112 18,040 7,960 10,080
Study permits only before admission113 6,945 3,595 3,345
Work and study permits before admission114 14,565 7,575 6,990
Other permits before admission115 1,390 535 860
No pre-admission experience116 155,295 72,415 82,880
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 1,000,935 489,105 511,830
Total visible minority population118 324,960 157,890 167,070
South Asian 57,820 29,940 27,880
Chinese 46,170 21,615 24,560
Black 84,765 40,255 44,515
Filipino 14,320 6,055 8,270
Arab 58,180 29,880 28,305
Latin American 14,350 6,585 7,765
Southeast Asian 14,960 7,065 7,895
West Asian 13,255 6,695 6,560
Korean 4,125 1,915 2,210
Japanese 2,315 995 1,320
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 3,780 1,745 2,040
Multiple visible minorities 10,910 5,160 5,750
Not a visible minority120 675,975 331,215 344,765
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 1,000,940 489,100 511,830
Canadian 114,205 57,380 56,830
English 156,485 77,185 79,300
Irish 192,250 91,835 100,410
Scottish 160,250 78,815 81,440
French, n.o.s.122 140,710 67,935 72,780
German 73,625 36,175 37,450
Chinese 47,925 22,335 25,590
Italian 45,685 22,695 22,985
Indian (India) 31,385 16,215 15,175
Ukrainian 23,840 11,510 12,320
Dutch 25,770 12,400 13,370
Polish 30,300 14,425 15,870
Québécois 6,730 3,200 3,535
British Isles, n.o.s.123 38,750 18,815 19,935
Filipino 14,365 6,115 8,255
French Canadian 32,825 15,350 17,480
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 20,120 9,920 10,195
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 11,410 5,415 5,995
Métis 11,175 5,195 5,975
European, n.o.s.126 15,605 7,760 7,835
Russian 13,005 6,075 6,935
Norwegian 6,875 3,420 3,455
Welsh 16,410 8,135 8,275
Portuguese 9,695 4,800 4,895
American 11,045 5,345 5,700
Spanish 10,990 5,030 5,960
Swedish 6,575 3,270 3,305
Hungarian 8,230 3,970 4,255
Acadian 7,460 3,570 3,890
Pakistani 7,485 3,735 3,750
African, n.o.s.127 15,090 7,240 7,850
Jewish 10,700 5,485 5,215
Punjabi 3,420 1,835 1,585
Vietnamese 10,085 4,815 5,270
Arab, n.o.s.128 21,480 10,985 10,495
Greek 7,290 3,835 3,455
Jamaican 6,675 3,290 3,385
Asian, n.o.s.129 5,085 2,390 2,690
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,815 845 970
Korean 4,265 2,010 2,260
Romanian 5,620 2,595 3,025
Lebanese 23,990 11,990 12,000
Iranian 7,265 3,680 3,585
Christian, n.i.e.131 4,845 2,360 2,490
Danish 5,015 2,415 2,600
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 4,065 1,895 2,170
Sikh 1,755 935 815
Austrian 4,670 2,280 2,390
Belgian 4,230 2,025 2,205
Haitian 9,780 4,470 5,310
Hindu 4,180 2,335 1,845
Mexican 3,200 1,400 1,805
Mennonite 1,190 610 580
Swiss 3,790 1,760 2,030
Finnish 4,090 2,080 2,010
Sri Lankan 2,960 1,450 1,500
Croatian 3,375 1,690 1,685
Japanese 3,105 1,310 1,790
South Asian, n.o.s.133 3,335 1,750 1,575
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 2,315 1,120 1,195
Northern European, n.o.s.135 3,290 1,585 1,710
Muslim 5,230 2,530 2,695
Egyptian 6,920 3,585 3,330
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 3,200 1,525 1,675
Tamil 2,350 1,235 1,115
Icelandic 1,460 740 715
Colombian 2,360 1,060 1,300
Moroccan 2,910 1,485 1,425
Czech 3,215 1,525 1,690
Syrian 6,610 3,290 3,325
Guyanese 2,010 915 1,095
Afghan 4,475 2,255 2,220
Black, n.o.s.137 4,085 1,955 2,125
Serbian 2,535 1,220 1,320
Ojibway 1,320 625 695
Newfoundlander 2,465 1,200 1,265
Hong Konger 1,200 605 595
Ontarian 5,400 2,575 2,825
Persian 3,095 1,605 1,490
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,090 1,000 1,095
Turkish 4,175 2,125 2,050
Inuit, n.o.s.138 1,635 730 905
Bangladeshi 3,680 1,850 1,830
Algerian 2,015 1,015 1,005
Brazilian 2,550 1,315 1,235
Nigerian 3,850 1,845 2,005
Armenian 1,670 880 785
Slovak 2,665 1,225 1,440
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 2,630 1,200 1,430
Somali