Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Age
Age characteristics
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
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Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Mobility and migration
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Montréal, Ville (V)More information:
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 1,762,949 ... ...
Population, 20161 1,704,694 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 878,542 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 816,338 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,833.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 364.74 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 1,762,950 867,975 894,980
0 to 14 years 270,430 138,255 132,170
0 to 4 years 88,670 45,335 43,335
5 to 9 years 93,325 47,700 45,620
10 to 14 years 88,435 45,220 43,215
15 to 64 years 1,197,045 603,075 593,965
15 to 19 years 82,475 41,675 40,805
20 to 24 years 125,235 63,220 62,015
25 to 29 years 153,995 77,680 76,315
30 to 34 years 146,855 73,810 73,040
35 to 39 years 135,880 67,835 68,040
40 to 44 years 127,165 63,885 63,285
45 to 49 years 110,130 55,495 54,630
50 to 54 years 105,545 54,115 51,435
55 to 59 years 108,040 55,305 52,730
60 to 64 years 101,725 50,055 51,670
65 years and over 295,475 126,635 168,845
65 to 69 years 85,025 40,115 44,915
70 to 74 years 72,300 32,855 39,445
75 to 79 years 52,720 22,645 30,075
80 to 84 years 39,395 15,780 23,610
85 years and over 46,035 15,250 30,790
85 to 89 years 27,835 10,185 17,655
90 to 94 years 14,360 4,155 10,205
95 to 99 years 3,375 825 2,560
100 years and over 465 90 375
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.3 15.9 14.8
15 to 64 years 67.9 69.5 66.4
65 years and over 16.8 14.6 18.9
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.4
Average age of the population 40.6 39.5 41.7
Median age of the population 38.8 38.0 39.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 816,340 ... ...
Single-detached house 58,065 ... ...
Semi-detached house 25,740 ... ...
Row house 26,175 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 107,565 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 464,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 130,615 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,350 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 415 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 816,335 ... ...
1 person 341,345 ... ...
2 persons 242,175 ... ...
3 persons 103,550 ... ...
4 persons 82,715 ... ...
5 or more persons 46,560 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,723,210 851,575 871,635
Average household size 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 1,492,520 729,715 762,810
Married or living common-law 705,905 356,290 349,615
Married 475,835 239,100 236,735
Living common-law 230,070 117,190 112,880
Living common law - Never married 196,170 99,370 96,795
Living common law - Separated 2,885 1,655 1,230
Living common law - Divorced 28,550 15,015 13,530
Living common law - Widowed 2,465 1,140 1,320
Not married and not living common-law 786,615 373,420 413,195
Not married and not living common law - Never married 572,045 304,055 267,990
Not married and not living common law - Separated 31,535 13,590 17,945
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 113,315 41,760 71,560
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 69,720 14,020 55,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 428,615 ... ...
2 persons 221,015 ... ...
3 persons 92,715 ... ...
4 persons 77,780 ... ...
5 or more persons 37,105 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 428,610 ... ...
Total couple families 338,830 ... ...
Married couples 223,910 ... ...
With children6 133,435 ... ...
Without children 90,475 ... ...
Common-law couples 114,915 ... ...
With children6 41,490 ... ...
Without children 73,430 ... ...
Total one-parent families 89,785 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 72,595 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 17,190 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 1,723,210 851,575 871,630
Total - Persons in census families 1,231,380 602,840 628,545
Married spouses or common-law partners 677,655 341,670 335,985
Parents in one-parent families 89,785 17,190 72,595
Children6 463,940 243,975 219,965
In a two-parent family 329,670 172,390 157,285
In a one-parent family 134,270 71,585 62,680
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 491,830 248,740 243,090
Living alone 341,350 165,410 175,935
Living with other relatives7 45,070 20,400 24,670
Living with non-relatives only 105,415 62,925 42,485
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 816,335 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 394,155 ... ...
Couple-family households 317,105 ... ...
With children6 163,645 ... ...
Without children 153,460 ... ...
One-parent-family households 77,045 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 11,240 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 1,730 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 14,975 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 52,900 ... ...
One-person households 341,345 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 1,453,280 713,595 739,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,396,100 685,155 710,950
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 38,800 35,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,396,475 685,330 711,145
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,200 34,400 32,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,227,255 612,060 615,200
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,200 34,000 26,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,021,705 527,390 494,315
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,400 35,200 29,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,175,325 551,265 624,060
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,700 9,500 11,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 157,000 78,185 78,815
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,520 5,480 5,640
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 472,820 247,320 225,500
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 1,453,295 713,745 739,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,396,365 685,790 710,575
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,120 55,450 45,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,396,760 685,970 710,790
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,680 43,560 37,880
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,226,320 612,170 614,155
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,560 52,350 38,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,021,715 527,765 493,950
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,120 51,700 40,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,174,640 550,810 623,830
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,020 10,830 13,080
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 156,980 78,065 78,920
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,800 6,070 7,510
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 471,875 247,465 224,410
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,130 9,180 9,080
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data12 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)13 79.8 84.4 74.4
Employment income (%)14 67.4 71.8 62.1
Government transfers (%)15 20.2 15.7 25.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.3 1.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.9 6.5 7.4
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 6.2 6.0 6.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data16 1,453,280 713,595 739,680
Without total income 57,180 28,440 28,735
With total income 1,396,100 685,155 710,945
Under $10,000 (including loss) 120,165 57,640 62,520
$10,000 to $19,999 179,185 83,775 95,410
$20,000 to $29,999 259,695 119,565 140,135
$30,000 to $39,999 194,585 93,585 101,000
$40,000 to $49,999 163,390 78,450 84,940
$50,000 to $59,999 123,115 58,355 64,755
$60,000 to $69,999 88,460 43,350 45,110
$70,000 to $79,999 64,815 33,230 31,590
$80,000 to $89,999 50,645 26,325 24,320
$90,000 to $99,999 36,060 19,280 16,785
$100,000 and over 115,980 71,595 44,385
$100,000 to $149,999 74,835 44,155 30,680
$150,000 and over 41,145 27,440 13,705
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data17 1,453,280 713,595 739,680
Without after-tax income 56,805 28,265 28,535
With after-tax income 1,396,475 685,335 711,140
Under $10,000 (including loss) 124,825 59,490 65,335
$10,000 to $19,999 188,395 88,605 99,785
$20,000 to $29,999 303,115 142,120 161,000
$30,000 to $39,999 231,960 113,680 118,280
$40,000 to $49,999 183,475 88,390 95,090
$50,000 to $59,999 123,490 59,975 63,515
$60,000 to $69,999 81,775 41,055 40,725
$70,000 to $79,999 52,690 27,360 25,330
$80,000 to $89,999 32,505 18,175 14,325
$90,000 to $99,999 21,155 12,260 8,890
$100,000 and over 53,090 34,210 18,885
$100,000 to $124,999 25,835 15,730 10,105
$125,000 and over 27,260 18,485 8,775
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data14 1,453,280 713,595 739,680
Without employment income 431,575 186,210 245,365
With employment income 1,021,705 527,385 494,320
Under $5,000 (including loss) 145,910 71,820 74,090
$5,000 to $9,999 99,605 47,595 52,010
$10,000 to $19,999 136,545 66,030 70,515
$20,000 to $29,999 105,255 51,415 53,840
$30,000 to $39,999 98,425 50,780 47,640
$40,000 to $49,999 94,645 47,585 47,065
$50,000 to $59,999 76,170 39,085 37,085
$60,000 to $69,999 59,460 31,825 27,635
$70,000 to $79,999 46,765 25,580 21,185
$80,000 to $89,999 40,295 21,350 18,945
$90,000 to $99,999 27,160 15,825 11,340
$100,000 and over 91,480 58,500 32,980
$100,000 to $124,999 40,345 24,630 15,710
$125,000 and over 51,135 33,870 17,270
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data18 1,453,280 713,595 739,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,355,225 663,385 691,840
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 35,600 31,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,355,570 663,490 692,080
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,400 32,000 28,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,196,380 596,375 600,005
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,400 35,200 27,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,000,475 515,695 484,790
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 36,000 30,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,066,120 490,855 575,265
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,280 2,660 7,150
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 104,820 51,840 52,980
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,080 4,640 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data19 1,453,295 713,745 739,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,355,285 663,595 691,695
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,600 52,150 41,320
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,355,700 663,725 691,975
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,760 40,880 34,720
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,195,295 596,055 599,245
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,560 52,600 38,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 999,875 515,515 484,355
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,040 51,800 39,920
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,066,040 490,710 575,335
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,160 6,610 9,490
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 104,790 51,525 53,260
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,380 5,970 8,740
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.2 90.6 80.8
Employment income (%) 72.8 77.2 67.6
Government transfers (%) 13.8 9.4 19.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2 0.9 1.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data20 816,335 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 63,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 56,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 341,345 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 474,990 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data21 816,355 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 85,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 341,250 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,760 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 475,105 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data16 816,335 ... ...
Under $5,000 17,005 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 9,785 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 16,775 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 24,425 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 54,215 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,420 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 37,880 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 38,590 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 39,530 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 37,970 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 69,550 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 62,125 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 55,220 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 49,040 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 41,220 ... ...
$100,000 and over 224,580 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 76,005 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 48,680 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 51,900 ... ...
$200,000 and over 47,995 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data17 816,335 ... ...
Under $5,000 18,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10,005 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 17,050 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 26,035 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 59,285 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 46,355 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 45,485 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,370 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,995 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 43,530 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 78,470 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 68,975 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 59,285 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 49,000 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 39,955 ... ...
$100,000 and over 160,295 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 68,460 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 38,400 ... ...
$150,000 and over 53,430 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data22 435,310 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 156,425 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 175,465 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 114,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 86,340 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data23 446,765 228,335 218,420
Median total income in 2020 ($)24 34,000 34,400 33,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)24 30,800 31,000 30,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data25 435,360 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 115,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 92,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 156,545 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 109,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 175,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 144,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 114,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,035 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 75,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data26 446,290 227,645 218,645
Average total income in 2020 ($)24 44,280 45,400 43,080
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)24 36,760 37,240 36,240
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data27 1,723,215 851,580 871,635
0 to 17 years 316,605 161,795 154,815
0 to 5 years 107,500 54,865 52,630
18 to 64 years 1,140,405 572,585 567,820
65 years and over 266,200 117,200 149,000
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 299,080 143,995 155,085
0 to 17 years 49,430 25,350 24,085
0 to 5 years 17,500 8,905 8,595
18 to 64 years 184,970 93,610 91,360
65 years and over 64,675 25,040 39,635
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.4 16.9 17.8
0 to 17 years (%) 15.6 15.7 15.6
0 to 5 years (%) 16.3 16.2 16.3
18 to 64 years (%) 16.2 16.3 16.1
65 years and over (%) 24.3 21.4 26.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data27 1,723,210 851,575 871,630
0 to 17 years 316,610 161,790 154,815
0 to 5 years 107,500 54,870 52,635
18 to 64 years 1,140,405 572,580 567,825
65 years and over 266,195 117,200 148,995
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 199,665 102,220 97,440
0 to 17 years 26,605 13,610 12,995
0 to 5 years 9,255 4,715 4,540
18 to 64 years 144,765 77,525 67,235
65 years and over 28,295 11,090 17,205
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.6 12.0 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.4 8.4 8.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.7 13.5 11.8
65 years and over (%) 10.6 9.5 11.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data28The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 1,723,215 851,575 871,635
In bottom half of the distribution 1,097,735 535,190 562,545
In bottom decile 278,660 138,645 140,020
In second decile 226,095 107,680 118,415
In third decile 221,215 107,370 113,845
In fourth decile 197,520 96,110 101,415
In fifth decile 174,245 85,395 88,855
In top half of the distribution 625,475 316,385 309,090
In sixth decile 150,945 74,795 76,155
In seventh decile 134,455 67,455 67,000
In eighth decile 121,350 61,450 59,900
In ninth decile 108,785 55,650 53,130
In top decile 109,935 57,030 52,905
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data29 1,723,210 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.374 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.516 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.318 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data30 1,741,260 859,120 882,135
English only 207,690 107,915 99,775
French only 473,490 215,190 258,295
English and French 1,018,100 519,275 498,830
Neither English nor French 41,975 16,745 25,230
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data31 1,741,260 859,120 882,135
English 457,725 231,930 225,795
French 1,091,480 533,590 557,890
English and French 151,345 77,485 73,865
Neither English nor French 40,705 16,120 24,585
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data32 1,741,260 859,120 882,135
Single responses 1,615,770 796,000 819,775
Official languages 1,044,150 518,340 525,805
English 225,920 115,155 110,765
French 818,225 403,185 415,040
Non-official languages 571,625 277,655 293,970
Indigenous languages33 355 125 230
Algonquian languages 190 70 120
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 165 60 105
Atikamekw 25 5 20
Cree languages 95 35 60
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 5 0 5
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 35 15 20
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 50 20 30
Innu (Montagnais) 35 10 20
Naskapi 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 15 10 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 5 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 5 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 135 30 105
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 135 30 105
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 5
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 571,270 277,530 293,740
Afro-Asiatic languages 119,100 63,230 55,865
Berber languages 15,445 8,305 7,140
Kabyle 14,315 7,650 6,660
Tamazight 985 570 415
Berber languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65
Chadic languages 335 180 160
Hausa 175 100 70
Mina 165 80 90
Coptic 165 90 75
Cushitic languages 765 360 410
Bilen 20 10 10
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 735 345 390
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Semitic languages 102,380 54,295 48,085
Amharic 495 235 255
Arabic 99,450 52,790 46,660
Aramaic languages 120 50 65
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5
Aramaic, n.o.s. 70 30 40
Harari 5 5 0
Hebrew 1,580 845 735
Maltese 5 0 5
Tigrigna 705 360 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,210 10,690 12,525
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,580 2,090 2,500
Vietnamese 18,595 8,585 10,005
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
Austronesian languages 15,495 6,045 9,455
Bikol 85 40 50
Bisaya, n.o.s. 305 120 180
Cebuano 680 250 430
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 390 130 260
Ilocano 1,650 670 980
Indonesian 405 165 240
Kankanaey 15 10 5
Kinaray-a 25 10 15
Malagasy languages 410 185 225
Merina 285 120 160
Malagasy, n.o.s. 130 65 65
Malay 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 160 75 90
Pangasinan 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,970 4,220 6,755
Waray-Waray 40 15 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 215 100 115
Creole languages 36,965 16,655 20,310
Haitian Creole 27,145 12,010 15,135
Jamaican English Creole 10 5 5
Krio 10 10 5
Morisyen 910 440 470
Sango 50 25 20
Creole, n.o.s. 8,605 4,065 4,535
Creole languages, n.i.e. 230 100 125
Dravidian languages 12,090 6,330 5,765
Kannada 225 140 90
Malayalam 1,315 700 610
Tamil 9,175 4,555 4,615
Telugu 1,350 915 430
Tulu 15 10 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Georgian 105 45 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 289,040 139,810 149,235
Albanian 1,795 885 910
Armenian 5,565 2,645 2,920
Balto-Slavic languages 29,665 13,025 16,635
Baltic languages 315 125 195
Latvian 115 55 60
Lithuanian 205 70 140
Slavic languages 29,350 12,905 16,445
Belarusian 30 15 15
Bulgarian 3,100 1,440 1,660
Czech 555 255 300
Macedonian 95 40 55
Polish 5,875 2,530 3,345
Russian 14,020 6,080 7,940
Rusyn 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,580 1,265 1,320
Bosnian 340 170 175
Croatian 865 415 450
Serbian 1,300 645 650
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 80 35 45
Slovak 345 130 220
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 100 140
Ukrainian 2,490 1,045 1,440
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Celtic languages 40 25 10
Irish 10 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0
Welsh 15 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Germanic languages 11,285 5,660 5,630
Frisian 5 5 0
High German languages 9,860 4,925 4,935
German 3,360 1,560 1,795
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 235 125 110
Yiddish 6,270 3,240 3,025
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 895 465 430
Afrikaans 65 40 25
Dutch 740 390 345
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 5 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 35 50
Scandinavian languages 480 245 230
Danish 150 70 80
Icelandic 30 15 15
Norwegian 65 35 30
Swedish 230 120 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30
Greek 14,410 6,805 7,605
Indo-Iranian languages 58,285 30,880 27,410
Indo-Aryan languages 42,700 23,120 19,580
Assamese 20 10 10
Bengali 9,850 5,065 4,785
Gujarati 4,805 2,565 2,235
Hindi 3,655 2,135 1,520
Kacchi 90 40 45
Kashmiri 25 15 5
Konkani 55 35 20
Marathi 345 200 145
Nepali 330 170 160
Oriya languages 45 25 20
Odia 25 15 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 16,345 9,050 7,290
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 45 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 205 190
Urdu 6,535 3,480 3,060
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75
Iranian languages 15,575 7,755 7,820
Baluchi 5 5 0
Kurdish 435 245 190
Parsi 25 20 10
Pashto 975 525 450
Persian languages 14,065 6,930 7,135
Dari 1,085 520 565
Iranian Persian 11,665 5,750 5,915
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,315 665 650
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15
Italic (Romance) languages 167,975 79,875 88,100
Catalan 190 90 95
Italian 57,590 26,825 30,760
Portuguese 18,080 8,625 9,455
Romanian 12,300 5,780 6,525
Spanish 79,720 38,505 41,210
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Japanese 1,590 475 1,115
Korean 3,810 1,650 2,160
Mongolian 100 35 65
Niger-Congo languages 13,245 6,595 6,650
Akan (Twi) 620 305 315
Bamanankan 665 360 310
Edo 60 25 35
Éwé 330 185 150
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,245 640 605
Ga 45 25 20
Ganda 25 10 15
Gikuyu 0 5 0
Igbo 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,090 490 595
Lingala 1,680 750 930
Luba-Kasai 140 60 75
Mòoré 150 85 70
Mwani 20 10 10
Ndebele 30 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,320 595 720
Shona 80 40 40
Soninke 205 135 70
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 5 10
Swahili 795 385 400
Wojenaka 485 225 255
Wolof 1,495 800 690
Yoruba 625 325 295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,045 1,060 980
Nilo-Saharan languages 340 190 155
Dinka 5 5 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 275 150 120
African, n.o.s. 60 35 25
Sign languages 275 140 135
American Sign Language 35 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 185 90 95
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,550 21,145 25,405
Chinese languages 46,390 21,080 25,315
Hakka 210 85 125
Mandarin 29,410 13,275 16,135
Min Dong 15 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,730 760 970
Wu (Shanghainese) 440 195 240
Yue (Cantonese) 13,690 6,300 7,390
Chinese, n.o.s. 855 435 420
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 120 55 70
Burmese 45 15 30
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 65 30 35
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 1,705 735 965
Lao 1,280 615 665
Thai 405 115 295
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Turkic languages 5,370 2,745 2,625
Azerbaijani 250 155 95
Kazakh 25 15 15
Turkish 4,825 2,455 2,370
Uyghur 140 65 75
Uzbek 40 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90 30 55
Uralic languages 2,190 965 1,225
Estonian 70 30 40
Finnish 140 55 85
Hungarian 1,985 880 1,105
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 40 35
Multiple responses 125,490 63,125 62,360
English and French 35,195 17,970 17,225
English and non-official language(s) 26,945 13,375 13,565
French and non-official language(s) 44,880 22,480 22,400
English, French and non-official language(s) 13,590 7,010 6,580
Multiple non-official languages 4,880 2,290 2,590
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data34 1,741,260 859,120 882,135
English 236,770 119,975 116,790
French 743,335 365,685 377,655
Non-official language 182,560 86,255 96,305
Indigenous33 70 30 40
Non-Indigenous 182,495 86,230 96,265
English and French 146,050 75,850 70,210
English and non-official language(s) 111,510 55,685 55,830
French and non-official language(s) 174,715 83,145 91,570
English, French and non-official language(s) 135,525 67,480 68,045
Multiple non-official languages 10,780 5,055 5,720
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data35 1,741,260 859,120 882,135
Single responses 1,586,665 782,610 804,055
Official languages 1,255,565 623,405 632,155
English 347,110 175,135 171,970
French 908,455 448,270 460,180
Non-official languages 331,100 159,200 171,905
Indigenous languages33 125 50 75
Algonquian languages 80 35 45
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 70 25 45
Atikamekw 10 0 5
Cree languages 40 20 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 20 10 10
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 5 15
Innu (Montagnais) 20 10 10
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 5 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 35 10 30
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 30 5 25
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 330,975 159,150 171,830
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,235 31,705 29,525
Berber languages 6,795 3,645 3,145
Kabyle 6,320 3,390 2,930
Tamazight 360 195 165
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50
Chadic languages 125 60 65
Hausa 80 45 45
Mina 40 15 25
Coptic 120 65 60
Cushitic languages 365 170 195
Bilen 10 5 10
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 345 160 185
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Semitic languages 53,825 27,770 26,060
Amharic 240 115 125
Arabic 52,330 27,000 25,325
Aramaic languages 75 30 45
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 5 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35 20 20
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 715 375 335
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 445 230 215
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,465 7,600 8,865
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,860 1,295 1,560
Vietnamese 13,590 6,300 7,290
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 9,325 3,930 5,395
Bikol 35 15 15
Bisaya, n.o.s. 170 75 100
Cebuano 425 180 250
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 235 90 145
Ilocano 960 415 545
Indonesian 170 85 90
Kankanaey 5 0 0
Kinaray-a 20 10 5
Malagasy languages 115 55 60
Merina 65 30 35
Malagasy, n.o.s. 50 20 25
Malay 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 85 45 45
Pangasinan 25 10 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,960 2,890 4,070
Waray-Waray 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50
Creole languages 17,395 7,710 9,685
Haitian Creole 12,640 5,455 7,185
Jamaican English Creole 5 5 5
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 475 225 250
Sango 10 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 4,185 1,980 2,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40
Dravidian languages 9,345 4,775 4,570
Kannada 115 65 50
Malayalam 970 520 445
Tamil 7,425 3,635 3,790
Telugu 820 550 275
Tulu 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Georgian 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 168,495 80,690 87,800
Albanian 1,050 505 540
Armenian 3,895 1,770 2,120
Balto-Slavic languages 17,140 7,850 9,295
Baltic languages 85 40 50
Latvian 35 20 15
Lithuanian 50 25 30
Slavic languages 17,055 7,810 9,250
Belarusian 5 5 5
Bulgarian 2,020 960 1,060
Czech 165 75 90
Macedonian 60 25 30
Polish 2,505 1,085 1,420
Russian 9,755 4,475 5,285
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,200 575 630
Bosnian 170 80 90
Croatian 365 165 200
Serbian 645 320 325
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 25 5 15
Slovak 70 30 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 40 45
Ukrainian 1,185 545 640
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Celtic languages 5 10 0
Irish 5 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 6,300 3,280 3,020
Frisian 5 0 5
High German languages 6,055 3,160 2,895
German 510 245 270
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 10 10
Yiddish 5,525 2,905 2,615
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 145 70 75
Afrikaans 30 15 15
Dutch 105 55 50
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5
Scandinavian languages 85 40 50
Danish 15 10 10
Icelandic 15 5 10
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 45 20 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Greek 7,530 3,370 4,165
Indo-Iranian languages 43,235 22,475 20,760
Indo-Aryan languages 32,115 17,085 15,025
Assamese 5 5 0
Bengali 7,290 3,630 3,660
Gujarati 3,250 1,705 1,545
Hindi 2,460 1,380 1,075
Kacchi 60 30 35
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 15 5 5
Marathi 160 90 70
Nepali 225 115 105
Oriya languages 5 5 0
Odia 5 5 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,485 7,465 6,020
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 10 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245 130 115
Urdu 4,795 2,465 2,335
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50
Iranian languages 11,115 5,390 5,730
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 220 120 105
Parsi 15 5 5
Pashto 750 405 350
Persian languages 10,090 4,835 5,250
Dari 675 320 355
Iranian Persian 8,570 4,115 4,460
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 845 400 440
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Italic (Romance) languages 89,325 41,435 47,885
Catalan 75 30 40
Italian 21,255 8,905 12,350
Portuguese 9,715 4,550 5,165
Romanian 7,290 3,495 3,800
Spanish 50,960 24,440 26,520
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Japanese 705 285 425
Korean 2,705 1,205 1,495
Mongolian 55 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 4,240 2,060 2,180
Akan (Twi) 340 160 180
Bamanankan 205 100 105
Edo 20 10 10
Éwé 85 45 40
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 455 235 220
Ga 20 10 10
Ganda 5 0 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 20 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 335 145 190
Lingala 570 255 320
Luba-Kasai 10 5 5
Mòoré 25 10 10
Mwani 10 5 0
Ndebele 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 465 215 250
Shona 35 15 20
Soninke 95 65 30
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 290 155 135
Wojenaka 130 50 80
Wolof 600 325 275
Yoruba 180 85 90
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 330 150 185
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 60 45
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40
African, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Sign languages 515 300 220
American Sign Language 90 45 40
Quebec Sign Language 305 165 140
Sign languages, n.i.e. 125 85 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,185 16,285 18,900
Chinese languages 35,100 16,245 18,855
Hakka 75 35 35
Mandarin 23,585 10,965 12,620
Min Dong 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,050 460 590
Wu (Shanghainese) 285 135 145
Yue (Cantonese) 9,590 4,395 5,195
Chinese, n.o.s. 505 250 255
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 30 35
Burmese 30 10 20
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 35 20 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 870 405 465
Lao 715 350 370
Thai 150 60 90
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 3,575 1,790 1,780
Azerbaijani 100 60 40
Kazakh 5 0 5
Turkish 3,325 1,665 1,660
Uyghur 100 45 60
Uzbek 15 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Uralic languages 695 285 415
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 10 15
Hungarian 675 275 400
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Multiple responses 154,590 76,515 78,075
English and French 45,705 23,415 22,290
English and non-official language(s) 32,655 15,945 16,710
French and non-official language(s) 55,175 26,790 28,385
English, French and non-official language(s) 19,445 9,630 9,820
Multiple non-official languages 1,605 740 865
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 1,741,260 859,120 882,135
None 1,279,175 629,625 649,555
English 115,715 59,690 56,025
French 109,450 53,550 55,895
Non-official language 129,625 62,430 67,195
Indigenous33 145 55 90
Non-Indigenous 129,480 62,370 67,105
English and French 29,960 15,165 14,790
English and non-official language(s) 35,695 18,170 17,525
French and non-official language(s) 27,860 13,495 14,370
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,580 1,835 1,740
Multiple non-official languages 10,200 5,165 5,035
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data37 1,723,225 851,610 871,615
Official languages 1,681,610 834,860 846,755
English 1,216,575 623,125 593,455
French 1,475,945 727,525 748,420
Non-official languages 862,365 420,005 442,360
Indigenous languages33 800 315 485
Algonquian languages 365 150 210
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 260 100 160
Atikamekw 20 0 15
Cree languages 150 60 90
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 65 30 40
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 70 25 45
Innu (Montagnais) 80 25 60
Naskapi 20 10 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 10
Mi'kmaq 25 10 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 90 50 45
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 30 20 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 55 30 30
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 35 15 25
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 35 20 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 30 20 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 25 15 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 15 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 315 75 235
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 310 75 235
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 65 50 20
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 60 45 20
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 10 10 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 861,690 419,765 441,925
Afro-Asiatic languages 193,965 101,880 92,090
Berber languages 23,765 12,670 11,095
Kabyle 21,490 11,425 10,070
Tamazight 2,020 1,120 900
Berber languages, n.i.e. 560 290 270
Chadic languages 1,205 655 545
Hausa 575 370 210
Mina 625 290 340
Coptic 745 385 360
Cushitic languages 1,160 540 615
Bilen 15 10 0
Oromo 10 0 0
Somali 1,115 515 600
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 15 40
Semitic languages 182,025 95,605 86,420
Amharic 780 375 405
Arabic 173,385 91,115 82,270
Aramaic languages 215 95 125
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 20 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 155 70 95
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 7,665 4,080 3,580
Maltese 20 10 10
Tigrigna 820 400 420
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 50 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,875 14,470 16,405
Khmer (Cambodian) 6,850 3,180 3,675
Vietnamese 24,550 11,565 12,985
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 50 25 30
Austronesian languages 24,510 9,720 14,785
Bikol 175 65 110
Bisaya, n.o.s. 450 200 255
Cebuano 1,155 395 755
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 765 265 500
Ilocano 2,925 1,225 1,700
Indonesian 805 365 440
Kankanaey 45 25 20
Kinaray-a 85 25 60
Malagasy languages 835 405 425
Merina 655 320 335
Malagasy, n.o.s. 185 90 90
Malay 355 190 165
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 355 165 200
Pangasinan 120 55 65
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 21,575 8,340 13,235
Waray-Waray 120 55 65
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 905 390 515
Creole languages 74,245 33,880 40,365
Haitian Creole 66,445 30,045 36,400
Jamaican English Creole 215 115 105
Krio 60 25 40
Morisyen 2,365 1,215 1,140
Sango 185 100 80
Creole, n.o.s. 11,950 5,630 6,320
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,520 685 835
Dravidian languages 16,725 8,745 7,975
Kannada 540 325 215
Malayalam 1,760 935 825
Tamil 12,940 6,480 6,465
Telugu 2,415 1,600 815
Tulu 30 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Georgian 150 75 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 450,480 219,660 230,825
Albanian 2,425 1,220 1,205
Armenian 7,185 3,350 3,835
Balto-Slavic languages 40,980 19,110 21,870
Baltic languages 530 215 315
Latvian 190 85 105
Lithuanian 340 135 210
Slavic languages 40,615 18,955 21,660
Belarusian 160 55 105
Bulgarian 3,765 1,820 1,945
Czech 990 455 535
Macedonian 215 80 135
Polish 7,925 3,535 4,390
Russian 23,995 11,285 12,705
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,390 1,700 1,695
Bosnian 675 315 365
Croatian 1,515 775 740
Serbian 1,725 840 885
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 95 60 40
Slovak 590 250 340
Slovene (Slovenian) 345 145 200
Ukrainian 4,905 2,155 2,745
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30
Celtic languages 275 150 125
Irish 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 15
Welsh 35 20 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45
Germanic languages 28,325 14,670 13,655
Frisian 40 20 25
High German languages 25,545 13,365 12,180
German 17,050 8,935 8,110
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 300 120 175
Yiddish 8,490 4,455 4,030
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,020 1,005 1,025
Afrikaans 205 95 105
Dutch 1,645 825 820
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 20 0 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 175 85 90
Scandinavian languages 1,440 725 710
Danish 425 190 230
Icelandic 45 20 20
Norwegian 285 155 130
Swedish 820 445 370
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 80 30 50
Greek 20,685 9,850 10,830
Indo-Iranian languages 77,115 41,190 35,920
Indo-Aryan languages 58,875 31,985 26,890
Assamese 35 25 15
Bengali 12,945 6,685 6,255
Gujarati 6,930 3,785 3,140
Hindi 24,370 13,400 10,970
Kacchi 195 95 95
Kashmiri 40 25 15
Konkani 155 95 60
Marathi 780 440 340
Nepali 485 270 220
Oriya languages 45 20 35
Odia 30 15 15
Oriya, n.o.s. 20 0 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 22,580 12,435 10,150
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 100 50 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 845 470 370
Urdu 11,425 6,220 5,200
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 500 325 180
Iranian languages 18,895 9,560 9,335
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 780 465 315
Parsi 80 35 40
Pashto 1,225 645 580
Persian languages 17,095 8,600 8,495
Dari 1,280 645 640
Iranian Persian 14,160 7,125 7,040
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,790 920 865
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35
Italic (Romance) languages 293,340 139,795 153,545
Catalan 715 400 315
Italian 95,535 45,630 49,905
Portuguese 28,840 14,425 14,410
Romanian 15,245 7,225 8,020
Spanish 177,230 83,945 93,280
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 405 240 165
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45
Japanese 4,585 2,190 2,400
Korean 5,035 2,200 2,835
Mongolian 180 55 120
Niger-Congo languages 31,565 16,015 15,555
Akan (Twi) 1,340 755 585
Bamanankan 1,540 790 745
Edo 245 115 125
Éwé 865 505 360
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,730 1,485 1,245
Ga 220 145 75
Ganda 75 40 30
Gikuyu 45 0 40
Igbo 485 280 205
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,825 855 970
Lingala 7,315 3,405 3,910
Luba-Kasai 520 225 295
Mòoré 620 340 280
Mwani 20 15 10
Ndebele 115 70 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,045 1,010 1,035
Shona 245 150 95
Soninke 465 310 155
Sotho-Tswana languages 45 15 30
Swahili 3,405 1,710 1,695
Wojenaka 1,005 510 495
Wolof 4,030 2,185 1,840
Yoruba 2,040 1,025 1,015
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 7,005 3,630 3,375
Nilo-Saharan languages 705 390 315
Dinka 10 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 690 385 310
African, n.o.s. 425 225 200
Sign languages 1,985 795 1,185
American Sign Language 495 160 330
Quebec Sign Language 1,345 510 830
Sign languages, n.i.e. 340 210 130
Sino-Tibetan languages 56,545 26,095 30,455
Chinese languages 56,370 26,025 30,340
Hakka 335 170 160
Mandarin 41,405 18,880 22,525
Min Dong 35 20 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,725 1,170 1,560
Wu (Shanghainese) 695 310 390
Yue (Cantonese) 19,045 8,640 10,405
Chinese, n.o.s. 860 455 410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 180 60 115
Burmese 65 10 60
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30
Tai-Kadai languages 2,755 1,240 1,520
Lao 1,985 965 1,020
Thai 1,085 390 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Turkic languages 9,265 4,570 4,695
Azerbaijani 520 325 200
Kazakh 60 35 25
Turkish 8,445 4,105 4,340
Uyghur 205 95 110
Uzbek 140 85 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205 90 115
Uralic languages 3,265 1,435 1,835
Estonian 85 35 50
Finnish 245 120 125
Hungarian 2,945 1,280 1,660
Other languages, n.i.e. 425 215 205
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data38 1,723,230 851,610 871,615
Indigenous identity39 15,315 7,080 8,235
Single Indigenous responses40 14,315 6,630 7,685
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,065 3,655 4,415
Métis 5,705 2,835 2,870
Inuk (Inuit) 545 135 405
Multiple Indigenous responses41 305 150 155
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere42 695 305 385
Non-Indigenous identity 1,707,915 844,530 863,385
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data38 1,723,230 851,610 871,615
Registered or Treaty Indian43 3,465 1,570 1,890
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,719,765 850,040 869,730
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data44 816,355 ... ...
Owner 297,340 ... ...
Renter 519,020 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data45 816,355 ... ...
Condominium 178,700 ... ...
Not condominium 637,660 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data46 816,355 ... ...
No bedrooms 19,020 ... ...
1 bedroom 254,075 ... ...
2 bedrooms 284,300 ... ...
3 bedrooms 194,410 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 64,550 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data47 816,355 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 473,475 ... ...
5 rooms 155,105 ... ...
6 rooms 69,335 ... ...
7 rooms 48,130 ... ...
8 or more rooms 70,315 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data48 816,355 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 789,745 ... ...
More than one person per room 26,615 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data49 816,355 ... ...
Suitable 745,905 ... ...
Not suitable 70,450 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data50 816,355 ... ...
1960 or before 293,880 ... ...
1961 to 1980 248,030 ... ...
1981 to 1990 89,700 ... ...
1991 to 2000 57,865 ... ...
2001 to 2005 28,770 ... ...
2006 to 2010 30,795 ... ...
2011 to 2015 33,075 ... ...
2016 to 202151 34,235 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data52 816,355 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 746,280 ... ...
Major repairs needed 70,075 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data53 816,355 ... ...
One-maintainer household 494,140 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 291,245 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 30,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data54 816,355 ... ...
15 to 24 years 39,665 ... ...
25 to 34 years 154,835 ... ...
35 to 44 years 156,945 ... ...
45 to 54 years 137,925 ... ...
55 to 64 years 137,110 ... ...
65 to 74 years 105,800 ... ...
75 to 84 years 59,160 ... ...
85 years and over 24,920 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data55 808,950 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 612,990 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 195,960 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 171,990 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data56 816,355 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 301,530 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 168,425 ... ...
Not suitable only 52,965 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 46,120 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 10,065 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 16,530 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 6,480 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 940 ... ...
Acceptable housing 514,825 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data57 784,980 ... ...
In core need 82,165 ... ...
Not in core need 702,815 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 297,340 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage58 61.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs55 18.0 ... ...
% in core housing need57 3.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)59 1,360 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)59 1,532 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)60 500,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)60 584,500 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 519,015 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing61 8.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs55 27.8 ... ...
% in core housing need57 14.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)59 870 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)59 969 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs55 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)59 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)59 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data62 1,723,230 851,615 871,620
Indigenous ancestry (only)63 8,560 3,785 4,780
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)64 8,395 3,715 4,680
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 7,165 3,225 3,935
Métis single ancestry 880 380 500
Inuit single ancestry 350 110 240
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)65 170 70 100
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 90 45 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 70 20 55
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries66 28,175 12,775 15,400
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries67 27,945 12,705 15,240
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25,185 11,485 13,695
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,455 1,140 1,310
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 310 80 235
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries68 225 70 160
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 195 60 130
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 15
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20 0 15
Non-Indigenous ancestry only69 1,686,490 835,050 851,435
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data70 1,723,230 851,610 871,615
Canadian citizens71 1,434,570 703,030 731,545
Canadian citizens aged under 18 279,730 142,810 136,925
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,154,835 560,215 594,620
Not Canadian citizens72 288,660 148,585 140,075
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data73 1,723,230 851,610 871,615
Non-immigrants74 1,017,325 502,500 514,820
Immigrants75 576,120 278,025 298,100
Before 1980 87,415 40,730 46,685
1980 to 1990 59,835 29,275 30,555
1991 to 2000 95,220 45,340 49,880
2001 to 2010 139,575 67,480 72,090
2011 to 202176 194,080 95,195 98,885
2011 to 2015 90,040 43,785 46,255
2016 to 2021 104,040 51,410 52,630
Non-permanent residents77 129,780 71,085 58,695
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data78 576,125 278,025 298,100
Under 5 years 45,920 23,340 22,575
5 to 14 years 90,130 45,385 44,740
15 to 24 years 104,655 46,955 57,705
25 to 44 years 290,245 141,865 148,380
45 years and over 45,170 20,475 24,700
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data79 576,125 278,025 298,100
Americas 127,690 58,995 68,690
Brazil 3,760 1,770 1,990
Colombia 8,195 3,835 4,360
El Salvador 6,400 3,265 3,130
Guyana 1,350 660 690
Haiti 47,555 21,110 26,445
Jamaica 2,670 1,090 1,585
Mexico 8,225 4,005 4,220
Peru 6,715 3,060 3,660
Trinidad and Tobago 2,120 970 1,155
United States of America 10,180 5,260 4,920
Other places of birth in Americas 30,520 13,985 16,535
Europe 137,155 66,390 70,765
Bosnia and Herzegovina 780 390 385
Croatia 760 390 375
France 39,280 20,790 18,485
Germany 2,480 1,285 1,200
Greece 7,730 3,445 4,285
Hungary 1,365 650 720
Italy 30,215 14,095 16,120
Netherlands 500 310 190
Poland 4,685 1,965 2,720
Portugal 7,715 3,520 4,195
Romania 9,655 4,440 5,215
Russian Federation 5,520 2,235 3,290
Serbia80 675 320 350
Ukraine 4,385 1,940 2,445
United Kingdom81 4,005 2,245 1,755
Other places of birth in Europe 17,395 8,365 9,030
Africa 140,555 71,665 68,890
Algeria 43,840 22,680 21,165
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 6,025 2,765 3,265
Egypt 9,400 4,720 4,685
Eritrea 495 250 250
Ethiopia 660 305 355
Morocco 33,005 16,490 16,515
Nigeria 1,200 630 565
Somalia 400 200 200
South Africa, Republic of 415 275 140
Other places of birth in Africa 45,115 23,355 21,760
Asia 169,860 80,480 89,375
Afghanistan 1,100 570 535
Iran82 9,815 4,825 4,990
Iraq 1,610 890 725
Lebanon 17,455 9,230 8,220
Syria83 12,040 6,095 5,940
Turkey 4,010 2,020 1,995
China84 26,330 11,650 14,680
Hong Kong85 2,375 1,130 1,245
Korea, South86 2,680 1,185 1,495
Taiwan 1,265 540 725
Philippines 20,475 7,940 12,535
Viet Nam 16,395 7,460 8,935
Bangladesh 7,035 3,560 3,475
India 13,570 7,040 6,525
Pakistan 5,730 3,040 2,690
Sri Lanka 6,965 3,425 3,540
Other places of birth in Asia 21,010 9,890 11,120
Oceania and other places of birth87 860 485 375
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data88 104,040 51,410 52,625
Americas 15,850 7,650 8,205
Brazil 1,105 455 645
Colombia 1,260 575 685
Haiti 5,495 2,700 2,795
Jamaica 135 70 60
Mexico 1,320 690 625
United States of America 2,255 1,165 1,090
Venezuela89 915 355 555
Other places of birth in Americas 3,375 1,630 1,740
Europe 17,760 9,335 8,425
France 11,735 6,290 5,445
Germany 235 130 105
Ireland90 55 45 10
Italy 420 260 160
Russian Federation 625 235 390
Ukraine 750 355 395
United Kingdom81 480 290 185
Other places of birth in Europe 3,465 1,725 1,740
Africa 34,835 17,255 17,575
Algeria 10,085 4,925 5,160
Burundi 715 385 335
Cameroon 3,555 1,730 1,825
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,490 645 845
Côte d'Ivoire 1,625 785 835
Egypt 1,470 795 675
Eritrea 275 145 125
Ethiopia 90 40 45
Morocco 5,375 2,535 2,835
Nigeria 550 310 240
Somalia 40 25 20
South Africa, Republic of 105 55 50
Sudan91 70 40 35
Tunisia 3,360 1,755 1,610
Other places of birth in Africa 6,015 3,075 2,945
Asia 35,290 16,975 18,315
Afghanistan 180 95 85
Bangladesh 960 465 495
China84 4,960 2,085 2,875
Hong Kong85 55 10 40
India 5,690 3,035 2,655
Iran82 2,275 1,025 1,250
Iraq 245 145 100
Israel 145 90 60
Japan 185 55 130
Jordan 355 160 195
Korea, South86 750 320 435
Lebanon 1,710 930 775
Nepal 180 110 75
Pakistan 1,030 520 505
Philippines 5,730 2,455 3,280
Saudi Arabia 860 540 325
Sri Lanka 500 205 295
Syria83 5,895 3,065 2,835
Turkey 520 295 225
United Arab Emirates 580 290 290
Viet Nam 910 395 515
Other places of birth in Asia 1,565 680 880
Oceania and other87 305 195 110
Australia 195 125 65
Other places of birth92 110 70 45
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data93 1,723,225 851,610 871,615
First generation94 725,270 358,390 366,885
Second generation95 361,130 181,485 179,645
Third generation or more96 636,825 311,740 325,090
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data97 488,705 237,295 251,410
Economic immigrants98 267,215 137,555 129,660
Principal applicants99 135,610 78,460 57,150
Secondary applicants100 131,610 59,100 72,515
Immigrants sponsored by family101 133,215 54,390 78,825
Refugees102 79,320 41,035 38,285
Other immigrants103 8,955 4,310 4,645
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data104 488,705 237,295 251,410
Asylum claim before admission105 50,275 26,560 23,710
Work permits only before admission106 50,365 23,725 26,640
Study permits only before admission107 11,765 6,105 5,655
Work and study permits before admission108 25,200 14,095 11,105
Other permits before admission109 4,400 1,875 2,525
No pre-admission experience110 346,705 164,930 181,775
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data111 1,723,230 851,610 871,615
Total visible minority population112 668,975 330,800 338,175
South Asian 79,670 42,620 37,050
Chinese 56,935 26,075 30,860
Black 198,610 96,350 102,255
Filipino 27,355 11,555 15,805
Arab 141,935 74,355 67,585
Latin American 78,150 38,450 39,705
Southeast Asian 37,905 17,950 19,955
West Asian 17,500 8,735 8,765
Korean 5,245 2,365 2,880
Japanese 2,645 1,045 1,600
Visible minority, n.i.e.113 5,470 2,675 2,795
Multiple visible minorities 17,540 8,615 8,920
Not a visible minority114 1,054,255 520,810 533,445
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data115 1,723,230 851,610 871,615
Canadian 216,645 104,085 112,565
English 43,185 22,080 21,110
Irish 80,635 38,520 42,120
Scottish 44,880 21,650 23,230
French, n.o.s.116 307,670 155,535 152,135
German 31,730 15,215 16,510
Chinese 61,715 28,350 33,365
Italian 135,430 66,225 69,205
Indian (India) 36,920 19,740 17,180
Ukrainian 14,865 7,080 7,785
Dutch 6,520 3,225 3,295
Polish 23,515 11,460 12,060
Québécois 103,145 51,885 51,265
British Isles, n.o.s.117 11,665 6,000 5,670
Filipino 26,105 11,050 15,045
French Canadian 59,380 28,470 30,910
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.118 19,910 10,385 9,530
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.119 15,970 7,210 8,760
Métis 3,645 1,645 2,000
European, n.o.s.120 22,450 11,380 11,070
Russian 20,180 9,420 10,760
Norwegian 2,370 1,150 1,220
Welsh 3,345 1,715 1,630
Portuguese 23,120 11,280 11,840
American 11,970 5,910 6,055
Spanish 31,535 15,600 15,940
Swedish 2,500 1,180 1,320
Hungarian 9,065 4,385 4,680
Acadian 11,725 5,325 6,400
Pakistani 9,080 4,870 4,210
African, n.o.s.121 33,155 16,460 16,695
Jewish 26,680 13,550 13,135
Punjabi 5,655 3,385 2,270
Vietnamese 26,955 12,890 14,070
Arab, n.o.s.122 52,935 28,050 24,885
Greek 26,980 13,250 13,725
Jamaican 5,905 2,760 3,140
Asian, n.o.s.123 8,475 3,860 4,610
Cree, n.o.s.124 780 355 430
Korean 5,445 2,485 2,960
Romanian 16,255 7,785 8,470
Lebanese 30,115 15,635 14,475
Iranian 12,890 6,310 6,575
Christian, n.i.e.125 11,615 5,780 5,835
Danish 1,820 845 970
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.126 3,710 1,705 2,005
Sikh 3,335 1,775 1,560
Austrian 3,485 1,725 1,755
Belgian 10,940 5,520 5,420
Haitian 80,485 37,710 42,775
Hindu 5,610 3,195 2,420
Mexican 15,365 7,685 7,680
Mennonite 385 195 195
Swiss 5,470 2,695 2,775
Finnish 1,000 425 580
Sri Lankan 7,720 3,820 3,905
Croatian 2,230 1,080 1,155
Japanese 3,565 1,490 2,075
South Asian, n.o.s.127 1,770 970 800
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.128 2,310 1,015 1,300
Northern European, n.o.s.129 1,300 685 615
Muslim 8,530 4,530 3,995
Egyptian 13,040 6,810 6,230
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.130 12,215 6,250 5,965
Tamil 4,835 2,245 2,585
Icelandic 345 205 145
Colombian 11,580 5,525 6,055
Moroccan 37,360 19,125 18,235
Czech 2,395 1,080 1,315
Syrian 13,935 6,830 7,105
Guyanese 1,650 815 835
Afghan 1,885 1,005 885
Black, n.o.s.131 7,275 3,530 3,740
Serbian 1,755 835 920
Ojibway 250 130 125
Newfoundlander 390 230 160
Hong Konger 1,000 460 540
Ontarian 795 370 430
Persian 4,285 2,325 1,955
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,925 1,500 1,425
Turkish 8,160 4,055 4,105
Inuit, n.o.s.132 775 220 555
Bangladeshi 8,790 4,475 4,310
Algerian 40,570 21,135 19,435
Brazilian 6,440 3,085 3,355
Nigerian 1,780 820 955
Armenian 10,715 5,120 5,595
Slovak 1,375 640 735
Eastern European, n.o.s.133 2,990 1,430 1,555
Somali 1,155 550 610
Taiwanese 1,860 860 1,000
Iraqi 1,770 975 800
Salvadorean 9,125 4,430 4,700
African Caribbean 5,045 2,265 2,780
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.134 1,775 775 995
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.135 3,005 1,655 1,355
Caribbean, n.o.s.136 4,900 2,065 2,835
Algonquin 1,725 860 865
West Indian, n.o.s.137 1,900 775