Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Québec, Ville (V)More information:
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 549,459 ... ...
Population, 20161 531,902 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 283,219 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 265,711 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,214.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 452.30 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 549,460 267,585 281,870
0 to 14 years 81,030 41,355 39,675
0 to 4 years 25,250 12,960 12,285
5 to 9 years 28,145 14,410 13,735
10 to 14 years 27,630 13,980 13,650
15 to 64 years 343,410 172,560 170,845
15 to 19 years 24,665 12,380 12,285
20 to 24 years 31,980 15,915 16,070
25 to 29 years 39,470 20,145 19,325
30 to 34 years 36,900 18,700 18,200
35 to 39 years 36,280 18,670 17,610
40 to 44 years 36,805 18,725 18,085
45 to 49 years 30,685 15,655 15,035
50 to 54 years 30,385 15,180 15,200
55 to 59 years 37,125 18,320 18,805
60 to 64 years 39,105 18,870 20,240
65 years and over 125,020 53,665 71,355
65 to 69 years 36,000 16,600 19,405
70 to 74 years 32,360 14,690 17,670
75 to 79 years 24,930 10,915 14,015
80 to 84 years 15,680 6,360 9,325
85 years and over 16,050 5,110 10,940
85 to 89 years 9,810 3,425 6,380
90 to 94 years 4,875 1,405 3,470
95 to 99 years 1,210 260 955
100 years and over 155 20 135
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.5 14.1
15 to 64 years 62.5 64.5 60.6
65 years and over 22.8 20.1 25.3
85 years and over 2.9 1.9 3.9
Average age of the population 43.8 42.3 45.1
Median age of the population 43.2 41.6 44.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 265,710 ... ...
Single-detached house 80,885 ... ...
Semi-detached house 14,020 ... ...
Row house 6,945 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,110 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 120,775 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 23,520 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,080 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,380 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 265,710 ... ...
1 person 110,300 ... ...
2 persons 92,215 ... ...
3 persons 28,440 ... ...
4 persons 24,375 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,375 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 533,530 261,755 271,780
Average household size 2.0 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 468,435 226,230 242,205
Married or living common-law 253,785 127,125 126,655
Married 126,990 63,505 63,490
Living common-law 126,790 63,625 63,170
Living common law - Never married 105,435 52,560 52,875
Living common law - Separated 1,030 540 495
Living common law - Divorced 18,100 9,535 8,565
Living common law - Widowed 2,235 995 1,235
Not married and not living common-law 214,645 99,105 115,545
Not married and not living common law - Never married 151,010 79,050 71,960
Not married and not living common law - Separated 6,010 2,685 3,320
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 32,865 11,895 20,970
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 24,765 5,470 19,295
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 145,765 ... ...
2 persons 86,680 ... ...
3 persons 26,320 ... ...
4 persons 23,555 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,215 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 145,770 ... ...
Total couple families 124,015 ... ...
Married couples 60,675 ... ...
With children6 22,995 ... ...
Without children 37,675 ... ...
Common-law couples 63,340 ... ...
With children6 27,815 ... ...
Without children 35,530 ... ...
Total one-parent families 21,750 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 15,725 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 6,025 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 533,535 261,755 271,775
Total - Persons in census families 395,570 196,405 199,165
Married spouses or common-law partners 248,030 124,315 123,720
Parents in one-parent families 21,750 6,020 15,730
Children6 125,785 66,070 59,715
In a two-parent family 93,620 48,735 44,890
In a one-parent family 32,165 17,335 14,830
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 137,965 65,355 72,610
Living alone 110,305 50,095 60,210
Living with other relatives7 8,035 3,705 4,335
Living with non-relatives only 19,625 11,560 8,065
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 265,710 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 140,370 ... ...
Couple-family households 120,310 ... ...
With children6 49,305 ... ...
Without children 71,005 ... ...
One-parent-family households 20,060 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 1,310 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 320 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 2,945 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 10,455 ... ...
One-person households 110,300 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 452,670 220,490 232,180
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 445,060 216,755 228,300
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,400 48,800 40,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 445,165 216,815 228,355
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 42,000 36,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 412,055 203,490 208,565
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 42,800 31,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 323,940 167,315 156,625
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 43,200 36,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 365,185 168,010 197,180
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,000 9,800 11,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 48,690 25,595 23,090
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,440 5,600
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 116,995 61,625 55,370
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,000 6,000 7,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 452,690 220,490 232,205
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 445,235 216,885 228,355
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,400 57,900 47,160
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 445,345 216,950 228,390
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,000 46,520 39,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 412,490 203,670 208,815
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,040 52,600 39,680
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 323,975 167,280 156,695
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,920 51,300 42,240
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 365,375 168,420 196,945
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,850 10,960 12,610
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 48,545 25,635 22,905
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,990 5,880 8,240
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 116,935 61,865 55,075
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,880 7,720 8,060
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 452,690 220,490 232,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 161,675 86,040 75,635
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 59,600 64,000 55,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 68,300 73,600 62,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 130,435 63,500 66,935
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,800 20,600 17,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,280 31,240 25,520
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 81.4 85.2 77.0
Employment income (%)19 65.2 68.4 61.4
Government transfers (%)20 18.6 14.7 23.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.2 1.8
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.6 4.3 5.0
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.0 3.8 4.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 452,670 220,495 232,180
Without total income 7,610 3,730 3,880
With total income 445,060 216,760 228,305
Under $10,000 (including loss) 23,705 10,650 13,055
$10,000 to $19,999 46,100 18,635 27,460
$20,000 to $29,999 66,355 27,890 38,470
$30,000 to $39,999 59,785 26,835 32,955
$40,000 to $49,999 59,880 28,020 31,865
$50,000 to $59,999 51,390 25,275 26,120
$60,000 to $69,999 38,075 20,515 17,555
$70,000 to $79,999 27,565 15,650 11,910
$80,000 to $89,999 21,495 12,020 9,475
$90,000 to $99,999 15,195 8,470 6,725
$100,000 and over 35,515 22,795 12,720
$100,000 to $149,999 25,730 15,985 9,745
$150,000 and over 9,780 6,815 2,970
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 452,670 220,495 232,180
Without after-tax income 7,505 3,675 3,825
With after-tax income 445,170 216,815 228,350
Under $10,000 (including loss) 26,225 11,195 15,030
$10,000 to $19,999 48,700 20,000 28,705
$20,000 to $29,999 79,415 33,955 45,465
$30,000 to $39,999 78,160 36,450 41,715
$40,000 to $49,999 72,230 35,735 36,490
$50,000 to $59,999 51,580 28,080 23,505
$60,000 to $69,999 33,950 18,695 15,255
$70,000 to $79,999 22,125 11,955 10,165
$80,000 to $89,999 12,200 7,120 5,080
$90,000 to $99,999 6,785 4,255 2,535
$100,000 and over 13,795 9,380 4,420
$100,000 to $124,999 7,455 4,945 2,505
$125,000 and over 6,335 4,430 1,910
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 452,670 220,495 232,180
Without employment income 128,725 53,170 75,555
With employment income 323,945 167,320 156,625
Under $5,000 (including loss) 38,525 20,275 18,250
$5,000 to $9,999 24,660 11,130 13,535
$10,000 to $19,999 37,695 17,120 20,575
$20,000 to $29,999 30,765 14,350 16,410
$30,000 to $39,999 31,680 15,375 16,310
$40,000 to $49,999 34,790 16,510 18,285
$50,000 to $59,999 30,150 15,585 14,560
$60,000 to $69,999 23,500 13,405 10,095
$70,000 to $79,999 18,835 10,920 7,920
$80,000 to $89,999 16,175 8,915 7,260
$90,000 to $99,999 11,000 6,425 4,575
$100,000 and over 26,165 17,310 8,855
$100,000 to $124,999 13,465 8,610 4,860
$125,000 and over 12,705 8,705 3,995
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 452,670 220,490 232,180
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 439,575 213,935 225,640
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,000 46,400 38,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 439,730 213,950 225,785
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 40,000 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 407,300 201,315 205,985
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 42,800 32,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 325,985 167,870 158,115
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 42,800 35,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 334,930 151,505 183,425
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,500 5,120 8,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 40,235 21,715 18,520
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,600 4,160 5,280
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 452,690 220,490 232,205
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 439,740 214,120 225,620
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,800 55,500 44,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 439,885 214,145 225,745
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,880 44,640 37,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 407,365 201,345 206,015
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,280 52,950 39,760
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 326,075 167,775 158,300
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,480 51,250 41,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 334,765 151,630 183,135
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,120 8,050 10,010
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,430 21,935 18,490
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,740 5,175 8,600
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 452,690 220,490 232,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 160,815 85,535 75,280
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 56,400 60,800 51,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,400 70,100 57,850
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 124,130 60,420 63,705
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,200 25,800 21,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,640 36,040 29,440
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.0 89.8 81.8
Employment income (%) 69.2 72.4 65.4
Government transfers (%) 13.9 10.3 18.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2 1.0 1.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 265,710 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 70,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 110,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 155,410 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 265,710 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 87,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 72,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,290 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,840 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,960 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 155,425 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 116,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 94,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 265,710 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,175 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,550 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,995 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,830 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,260 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,545 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,735 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,150 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,755 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,710 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,575 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,435 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,915 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,735 ... ...
$100,000 and over 83,795 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,105 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,430 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,830 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,430 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 265,710 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,435 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,615 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,670 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,350 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,085 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,250 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,215 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,260 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,495 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,820 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,085 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 22,880 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,505 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,625 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,845 ... ...
$100,000 and over 58,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,315 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,145 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,115 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 147,410 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 71,650 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 77,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 50,930 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 139,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 115,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,405 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 63,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 129,925 61,655 68,270
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 40,000 41,600 38,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,200 36,400 34,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 147,255 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 117,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 95,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 71,620 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 102,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 84,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 50,915 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 156,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,345 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 80,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 130,030 62,005 68,025
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 46,080 48,280 44,120
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,680 39,920 37,600
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 533,535 261,760 271,775
0 to 17 years 94,995 48,375 46,620
0 to 5 years 30,640 15,770 14,870
18 to 64 years 325,620 163,075 162,540
65 years and over 112,920 50,310 62,615
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 56,125 25,435 30,685
0 to 17 years 7,260 3,670 3,595
0 to 5 years 2,530 1,305 1,230
18 to 64 years 30,590 15,475 15,115
65 years and over 18,270 6,285 11,985
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.5 9.7 11.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.6 7.6 7.7
0 to 5 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.5 9.3
65 years and over (%) 16.2 12.5 19.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 533,535 261,755 271,775
0 to 17 years 94,995 48,375 46,615
0 to 5 years 30,640 15,775 14,865
18 to 64 years 325,620 163,075 162,545
65 years and over 112,925 50,305 62,615
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,920 16,270 16,650
0 to 17 years 3,665 1,835 1,830
0 to 5 years 1,220 630 595
18 to 64 years 22,960 12,215 10,740
65 years and over 6,295 2,215 4,075
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2 6.2 6.1
0 to 17 years (%) 3.9 3.8 3.9
0 to 5 years (%) 4.0 4.0 4.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.1 7.5 6.6
65 years and over (%) 5.6 4.4 6.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 533,530 261,755 271,775
In bottom half of the distribution 283,750 134,870 148,880
In bottom decile 49,565 23,215 26,350
In second decile 51,865 23,690 28,165
In third decile 58,000 27,410 30,590
In fourth decile 62,105 29,835 32,270
In fifth decile 62,215 30,720 31,500
In top half of the distribution 249,785 126,885 122,900
In sixth decile 62,055 31,250 30,805
In seventh decile 58,870 29,805 29,065
In eighth decile 54,210 27,440 26,765
In ninth decile 42,235 21,650 20,580
In top decile 32,415 16,740 15,680
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 533,535 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.307 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.416 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.263 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 542,435 265,020 277,415
English only 2,150 1,165 985
French only 306,375 137,715 168,660
English and French 231,725 125,175 106,555
Neither English nor French 2,180 960 1,215
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 542,435 265,020 277,415
English 10,130 5,280 4,850
French 522,475 254,620 267,860
English and French 7,795 4,230 3,565
Neither English nor French 2,040 885 1,150
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 542,435 265,020 277,415
Single responses 532,460 259,875 272,590
Official languages 499,205 243,365 255,840
English 7,685 4,035 3,655
French 491,515 239,335 252,180
Non-official languages 33,255 16,510 16,745
Indigenous languages39 355 140 210
Algonquian languages 325 140 190
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 320 135 185
Atikamekw 30 15 15
Cree languages 5 5 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Innu (Montagnais) 265 110 160
Naskapi 20 15 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 25 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 5 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 32,900 16,365 16,535
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,990 4,300 3,695
Berber languages 915 490 425
Kabyle 730 385 345
Tamazight 135 75 60
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25
Chadic languages 95 50 45
Hausa 50 25 30
Mina 45 30 20
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 65 35 25
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 30 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Semitic languages 6,915 3,730 3,190
Amharic 5 0 0
Arabic 6,885 3,710 3,175
Aramaic languages 5 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,080 490 590
Khmer (Cambodian) 330 145 185
Vietnamese 750 350 400
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 525 235 290
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Cebuano 15 5 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 20 10 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 255 120 140
Merina 145 70 80
Malagasy, n.o.s. 115 50 65
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 80 85
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25
Creole languages 815 375 435
Haitian Creole 545 255 295
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 20 10 10
Sango 165 75 90
Creole, n.o.s. 60 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Dravidian languages 70 35 35
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 10 5 5
Tamil 25 10 15
Telugu 30 15 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 16,515 8,075 8,440
Albanian 230 120 110
Armenian 50 20 30
Balto-Slavic languages 2,230 1,070 1,160
Baltic languages 5 5 0
Latvian 0 5 0
Lithuanian 5 5 0
Slavic languages 2,220 1,060 1,160
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 210 90 115
Czech 25 15 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 220 90 130
Russian 670 305 360
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 965 495 470
Bosnian 620 330 290
Croatian 110 55 55
Serbian 205 105 100
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Slovak 15 5 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 110 45 65
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 530 240 290
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 375 150 225
German 355 145 215
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 10 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 125 65 55
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 105 60 50
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10
Scandinavian languages 30 15 10
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 0
Swedish 15 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Greek 95 50 45
Indo-Iranian languages 1,690 830 855
Indo-Aryan languages 800 395 400
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 90 45 45
Gujarati 10 5 5
Hindi 55 30 25
Kacchi 5 0 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 15 10 5
Nepali 460 230 225
Oriya languages 5 5 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5
Rohingya 115 45 70
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 30 10 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 895 435 460
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 100 60 45
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 0
Persian languages 780 370 410
Dari 210 95 115
Iranian Persian 505 245 260
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 70 30 40
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,685 5,740 5,945
Catalan 20 5 15
Italian 490 285 205
Portuguese 2,520 1,270 1,255
Romanian 795 380 410
Spanish 7,850 3,795 4,055
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 135 30 105
Korean 65 15 45
Mongolian 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 3,830 1,935 1,890
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0
Bamanankan 140 75 65
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 100 60 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 245 140 105
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 480 210 270
Lingala 145 75 70
Luba-Kasai 5 0 0
Mòoré 35 15 20
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 640 315 320
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 10 5 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 950 480 470
Wojenaka 100 45 55
Wolof 365 190 175
Yoruba 15 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 590 305 290
Nilo-Saharan languages 140 70 80
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65
African, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Sign languages 120 60 55
American Sign Language 5 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 95 50 40
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,255 575 675
Chinese languages 1,170 530 635
Hakka 5 5 5
Mandarin 840 380 465
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5
Yue (Cantonese) 245 120 130
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 85 45 40
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 15 5 5
S'gaw Karen 15 5 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 160 55 100
Lao 90 45 45
Thai 70 10 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 80 50 30
Azerbaijani 15 10 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 60 35 20
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 110 55 55
Estonian 5 5 0
Finnish 15 5 10
Hungarian 90 45 50
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Multiple responses 9,970 5,145 4,830
English and French 4,530 2,380 2,150
English and non-official language(s) 340 175 165
French and non-official language(s) 4,320 2,195 2,130
English, French and non-official language(s) 465 240 225
Multiple non-official languages 315 150 160
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 542,435 265,020 277,415
English 3,775 1,990 1,780
French 480,760 233,290 247,475
Non-official language 9,035 4,440 4,595
Indigenous39 95 35 60
Non-Indigenous 8,935 4,405 4,530
English and French 21,740 11,930 9,810
English and non-official language(s) 980 475 500
French and non-official language(s) 19,480 9,470 10,015
English, French and non-official language(s) 6,105 3,160 2,945
Multiple non-official languages 560 265 290
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 542,435 265,020 277,415
Single responses 531,650 259,530 272,120
Official languages 514,060 250,910 263,155
English 6,770 3,540 3,230
French 507,295 247,370 259,925
Non-official languages 17,585 8,620 8,965
Indigenous languages39 190 80 110
Algonquian languages 175 75 100
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 170 70 95
Atikamekw 10 5 10
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 140 60 80
Naskapi 25 15 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 17,395 8,540 8,860
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,520 1,770 1,750
Berber languages 375 190 180
Kabyle 285 140 145
Tamazight 40 20 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20
Chadic languages 40 15 20
Hausa 30 10 15
Mina 10 5 5
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 25 15 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 25 15 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 3,090 1,550 1,535
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 3,075 1,550 1,525
Aramaic languages 5 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 575 265 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 50 75
Vietnamese 445 210 235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 280 140 140
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 5 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 115 50 65
Merina 45 25 25
Malagasy, n.o.s. 70 30 40
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 70 50
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Creole languages 300 125 170
Haitian Creole 160 60 100
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 5 5 5
Sango 100 45 55
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Dravidian languages 35 15 20
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 15 5 5
Telugu 15 10 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 10,115 4,970 5,140
Albanian 130 70 55
Armenian 25 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,150 575 580
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,150 575 580
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 110 50 60
Czech 5 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 45 20 25
Russian 410 205 205
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 515 265 245
Bosnian 325 165 160
Croatian 65 35 30
Serbian 105 55 50
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20 15 5
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 65 35 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 90 45 40
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 55 30 25
German 50 25 25
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 25 15 10
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 25 15 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,265 615 650
Indo-Aryan languages 635 315 320
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 80 35 40
Gujarati 10 5 5
Hindi 35 20 15
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 10 5 5
Nepali 405 205 200
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0
Rohingya 80 30 45
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 15 10 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 630 300 330
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 75 35 40
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 550 265 285
Dari 120 55 70
Iranian Persian 380 190 195
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 45 20 25
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 7,430 3,635 3,795
Catalan 10 0 5
Italian 100 55 45
Portuguese 1,835 925 915
Romanian 400 185 215
Spanish 5,080 2,470 2,615
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 70 20 45
Korean 25 5 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,200 575 630
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 25 10 10
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 20 10 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65 35 25
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 145 65 80
Lingala 40 25 10
Luba-Kasai 5 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 235 105 130
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 5 5 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 420 200 220
Wojenaka 45 15 25
Wolof 125 60 65
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 30 40
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 180 100 80
American Sign Language 5 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 140 80 60
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 920 465 460
Chinese languages 840 425 420
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 655 330 325
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5
Yue (Cantonese) 155 75 80
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 10 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 40 35
Burmese 5 5 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 10 5 5
S'gaw Karen 10 5 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 25
Lao 35 10 20
Thai 10 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 15
Azerbaijani 15 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 15 5 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 35 15 20
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 0
Hungarian 30 10 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 10,780 5,490 5,295
English and French 4,225 2,240 1,985
English and non-official language(s) 305 150 150
French and non-official language(s) 5,520 2,720 2,795
English, French and non-official language(s) 665 340 330
Multiple non-official languages 70 30 35
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 542,435 265,015 277,415
None 502,640 244,320 258,325
English 16,745 9,250 7,490
French 8,425 4,175 4,245
Non-official language 9,385 4,575 4,810
Indigenous39 110 55 50
Non-Indigenous 9,280 4,520 4,755
English and French 1,135 600 535
English and non-official language(s) 2,595 1,340 1,255
French and non-official language(s) 670 305 360
English, French and non-official language(s) 155 85 65
Multiple non-official languages 680 355 325
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 533,540 261,755 271,785
Official languages 531,350 260,805 270,545
English 232,115 125,640 106,470
French 529,110 259,640 269,475
Non-official languages 66,825 31,525 35,290
Indigenous languages39 685 305 385
Algonquian languages 590 265 335
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 580 250 330
Atikamekw 70 25 40
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 480 210 275
Naskapi 45 25 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 0 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 0 15
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15 0 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 90 40 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 85 40 45
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 66,155 31,235 34,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,230 6,515 5,715
Berber languages 1,160 655 500
Kabyle 935 510 425
Tamazight 170 115 60
Berber languages, n.i.e. 85 60 25
Chadic languages 325 180 145
Hausa 185 100 80
Mina 140 80 65
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 85 35 45
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 85 35 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 11,380 6,050 5,335
Amharic 10 10 0
Arabic 11,240 5,955 5,285
Aramaic languages 15 15 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 110 70 30
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 0 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,370 620 755
Khmer (Cambodian) 385 155 230
Vietnamese 995 455 540
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 790 305 480
Bikol 10 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 30 10 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 20 0 10
Indonesian 60 20 35
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 340 145 190
Merina 170 70 100
Malagasy, n.o.s. 170 75 95
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 0 25
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 320 120 200
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 10 30
Creole languages 1,720 810 915
Haitian Creole 1,220 540 680
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 80 40 35
Sango 205 110 95
Creole, n.o.s. 140 80 60
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60
Dravidian languages 80 40 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 20 10 10
Tamil 40 20 25
Telugu 10 10 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 41,540 19,135 22,405
Albanian 360 185 175
Armenian 100 40 60
Balto-Slavic languages 3,470 1,725 1,740
Baltic languages 15 10 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 15 10 0
Slavic languages 3,455 1,715 1,740
Belarusian 15 15 0
Bulgarian 295 125 170
Czech 70 30 45
Macedonian 10 0 0
Polish 340 165 175
Russian 1,555 785 770
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,220 620 595
Bosnian 835 435 400
Croatian 250 125 120
Serbian 295 135 155
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40 30 15
Slovak 20 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0
Ukrainian 275 115 160
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 35 10 25
Irish 15 0 10
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Germanic languages 3,225 1,600 1,625
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 2,820 1,385 1,435
German 2,785 1,365 1,420
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 50 35 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 305 135 165
Afrikaans 20 0 10
Dutch 275 130 140
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10
Scandinavian languages 165 95 65
Danish 40 25 25
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 25 15 0
Swedish 100 60 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Greek 170 85 85
Indo-Iranian languages 2,280 1,155 1,120
Indo-Aryan languages 1,325 690 635
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 215 110 95
Gujarati 40 15 20
Hindi 400 225 175
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 40 20 20
Nepali 560 320 245
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 20 10
Rohingya 245 105 145
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 130 75 55
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 1,000 485 515
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 115 60 60
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 10 0
Persian languages 910 440 470
Dari 170 85 85
Iranian Persian 625 315 310
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 160 70 90
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 33,870 15,245 18,625
Catalan 100 55 45
Italian 2,770 1,405 1,365
Portuguese 3,810 2,035 1,775
Romanian 1,035 485 545
Spanish 28,335 12,365 15,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 35 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Japanese 645 330 310
Korean 155 50 105
Mongolian 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 6,985 3,415 3,570
Akan (Twi) 40 20 20
Bamanankan 295 135 160
Edo 15 10 0
Éwé 190 125 65
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 575 300 275
Ga 15 0 0
Ganda 25 10 10
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 815 370 445
Lingala 675 360 315
Luba-Kasai 50 25 25
Mòoré 200 90 115
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 955 475 480
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 20 10 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 1,855 920 935
Wojenaka 185 105 85
Wolof 965 490 470
Yoruba 25 20 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,915 960 960
Nilo-Saharan languages 270 115 155
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 270 115 155
African, n.o.s. 105 50 50
Sign languages 660 270 390
American Sign Language 10 10 0
Quebec Sign Language 585 240 345
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 30 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,965 865 1,100
Chinese languages 1,825 795 1,030
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,390 585 805
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 55 55
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 425 185 240
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 130 70 65
Burmese 30 15 10
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 25 10 15
S'gaw Karen 15 0 15
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 285 110 180
Lao 130 55 70
Thai 185 55 130
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 170 100 75
Azerbaijani 55 30 25
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 125 75 50
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 150 80 70
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 35 20 15
Hungarian 115 55 55
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 533,540 261,755 271,785
Indigenous identity45 9,395 4,520 4,870
Single Indigenous responses46 8,750 4,200 4,545
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,380 2,550 2,830
Métis 3,165 1,555 1,605
Inuk (Inuit) 200 90 110
Multiple Indigenous responses47 190 105 85
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 450 210 240
Non-Indigenous identity 524,150 257,235 266,915
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 533,540 261,755 271,785
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,260 1,535 1,725
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 530,280 260,220 270,060
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 265,715 ... ...
Owner 136,145 ... ...
Renter 129,565 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 265,715 ... ...
Condominium 47,950 ... ...
Not condominium 217,765 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 265,715 ... ...
No bedrooms 3,330 ... ...
1 bedroom 58,930 ... ...
2 bedrooms 92,570 ... ...
3 bedrooms 70,355 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 40,530 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 265,715 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 123,770 ... ...
5 rooms 41,655 ... ...
6 rooms 24,590 ... ...
7 rooms 22,735 ... ...
8 or more rooms 52,960 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 265,715 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 263,990 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,725 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 265,715 ... ...
Suitable 260,295 ... ...
Not suitable 5,420 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 265,715 ... ...
1960 or before 55,205 ... ...
1961 to 1980 80,320 ... ...
1981 to 1990 39,705 ... ...
1991 to 2000 29,160 ... ...
2001 to 2005 13,630 ... ...
2006 to 2010 15,940 ... ...
2011 to 2015 15,515 ... ...
2016 to 202157 16,240 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 265,715 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 252,200 ... ...
Major repairs needed 13,510 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 265,715 ... ...
One-maintainer household 155,015 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 106,740 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 3,965 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 265,715 ... ...
15 to 24 years 11,640 ... ...
25 to 34 years 42,570 ... ...
35 to 44 years 44,495 ... ...
45 to 54 years 38,860 ... ...
55 to 64 years 49,225 ... ...
65 to 74 years 45,090 ... ...
75 to 84 years 26,135 ... ...
85 years and over 7,695 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 264,715 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 222,060 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 42,655 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 39,255 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 265,715 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 58,545 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 40,000 ... ...
Not suitable only 4,570 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 10,950 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 465 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 2,175 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 370 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 20 ... ...
Acceptable housing 207,170 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 261,320 ... ...
In core need 14,230 ... ...
Not in core need 247,085 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 136,115 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 62.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 1.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,130 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,195 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 300,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 326,800 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 129,565 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 10.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 24.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 9.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 830 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 904 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 533,540 261,755 271,785
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 7,295 3,305 3,985
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 7,200 3,265 3,930
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 6,020 2,765 3,255
Métis single ancestry 1,060 470 590
Inuit single ancestry 125 35 90
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 90 35 55
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 75 25 55
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15 15 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 11,965 5,470 6,495
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 11,725 5,380 6,350
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10,670 4,840 5,830
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 945 460 480
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 115 75 40
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 235 85 145
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 195 70 125
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 15 25
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 514,285 252,985 261,300
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 533,540 261,755 271,785
Canadian citizens77 503,370 246,560 256,810
Canadian citizens aged under 18 89,385 45,425 43,960
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 413,985 201,140 212,845
Not Canadian citizens78 30,170 15,195 14,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 533,540 261,755 271,785
Non-immigrants80 475,200 232,315 242,880
Immigrants81 45,235 22,475 22,760
Before 1980 3,130 1,745 1,385
1980 to 1990 2,440 1,330 1,110
1991 to 2000 4,775 2,295 2,475
2001 to 2010 12,720 6,360 6,360
2011 to 202182 22,160 10,740 11,425
2011 to 2015 9,850 4,800 5,050
2016 to 2021 12,315 5,940 6,375
Non-permanent residents83 13,115 6,965 6,150
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 45,235 22,475 22,760
Under 5 years 5,080 2,480 2,600
5 to 14 years 7,510 3,630 3,885
15 to 24 years 6,085 2,775 3,315
25 to 44 years 23,815 12,230 11,580
45 years and over 2,735 1,360 1,375
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 45,235 22,475 22,760
Americas 8,960 4,215 4,745
Brazil 1,115 545 570
Colombia 2,865 1,315 1,555
El Salvador 330 185 140
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 1,125 495 625
Jamaica 25 15 10
Mexico 780 365 415
Peru 300 135 160
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 10
United States of America 770 355 410
Other places of birth in Americas 1,655 800 850
Europe 12,755 6,615 6,140
Bosnia and Herzegovina 860 445 415
Croatia 65 20 45
France 7,360 3,900 3,460
Germany 315 110 205
Greece 15 0 10
Hungary 35 20 20
Italy 320 190 125
Netherlands 35 10 25
Poland 225 120 105
Portugal 260 145 115
Romania 605 280 320
Russian Federation 270 130 135
Serbia86 80 40 40
Ukraine 310 120 190
United Kingdom87 255 185 70
Other places of birth in Europe 1,760 895 860
Africa 18,370 9,330 9,045
Algeria 1,915 1,055 865
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,310 610 705
Egypt 150 70 80
Eritrea 10 0 10
Ethiopia 15 0 10
Morocco 2,715 1,410 1,305
Nigeria 65 20 40
Somalia 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 55 15 40
Other places of birth in Africa 12,125 6,140 5,985
Asia 5,100 2,285 2,815
Afghanistan 150 70 80
Iran88 310 140 170
Iraq 65 30 35
Lebanon 230 145 90
Syria89 500 270 235
Turkey 25 15 10
China90 840 275 565
Hong Kong91 50 20 30
Korea, South92 65 35 35
Taiwan 30 15 20
Philippines 255 85 170
Viet Nam 570 260 310
Bangladesh 210 100 110
India 100 55 45
Pakistan 25 25 10
Sri Lanka 25 0 15
Other places of birth in Asia 1,645 755 895
Oceania and other places of birth93 45 30 15
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 12,315 5,940 6,375
Americas 1,575 770 805
Brazil 380 185 195
Colombia 380 170 210
Haiti 190 90 100
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 120 70 55
United States of America 135 65 70
Venezuela95 50 20 25
Other places of birth in Americas 310 170 140
Europe 2,240 1,130 1,115
France 1,755 900 855
Germany 20 10 15
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 35 30 10
Russian Federation 15 0 10
Ukraine 95 30 65
United Kingdom87 25 25 0
Other places of birth in Europe 300 130 170
Africa 7,215 3,470 3,745
Algeria 360 175 185
Burundi 235 115 120
Cameroon 1,220 575 645
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 540 220 325
Côte d'Ivoire 1,585 780 800
Egypt 25 10 15
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 735 350 385
Nigeria 50 15 35
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 10
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 685 365 320
Other places of birth in Africa 1,755 855 905
Asia 1,275 565 705
Afghanistan 70 25 40
Bangladesh 30 15 10
China90 110 40 65
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 15 0 15
Iran88 90 35 50
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 25 0 15
Jordan 15 0 0
Korea, South92 15 0 0
Lebanon 40 20 20
Nepal 30 15 15
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 110 50 60
Saudi Arabia 20 0 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 405 210 195
Turkey 10 10 0
United Arab Emirates 10 0 10
Viet Nam 70 20 55
Other places of birth in Asia 195 85 115
Oceania and other93 15 10 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 10 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 533,540 261,755 271,785
First generation100 61,925 30,910 31,010
Second generation101 29,090 14,690 14,400
Third generation or more102 442,530 216,155 226,375
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 42,100 20,730 21,370
Economic immigrants104 23,715 12,695 11,020
Principal applicants105 11,695 7,750 3,950
Secondary applicants106 12,020 4,950 7,075
Immigrants sponsored by family107 9,485 3,630 5,860
Refugees108 8,695 4,315 4,380
Other immigrants109 200 90 110
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 42,100 20,730 21,370
Asylum claim before admission111 980 560 425
Work permits only before admission112 3,565 1,845 1,720
Study permits only before admission113 1,520 725 795
Work and study permits before admission114 3,255 1,920 1,335
Other permits before admission115 230 100 120
No pre-admission experience116 32,555 15,575 16,980
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 533,540 261,755 271,785
Total visible minority population118 50,375 24,715 25,655
South Asian 1,610 870 740
Chinese 2,465 775 1,690
Black 21,955 10,995 10,955
Filipino 520 190 335
Arab 9,650 5,075 4,580
Latin American 8,585 4,155 4,430
Southeast Asian 2,755 1,275 1,485
West Asian 860 425 435
Korean 210 120 85
Japanese 295 120 175
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 450 225 230
Multiple visible minorities 1,015 495 525
Not a visible minority120 483,165 237,040 246,125
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 533,540 261,760 271,785
Canadian 180,875 87,195 93,685
English 6,775 3,430 3,350
Irish 23,435 11,185 12,250
Scottish 8,710 4,260 4,455
French, n.o.s.122 147,175 74,020 73,155
German 6,010 2,860 3,150
Chinese 2,825 955 1,870
Italian 7,020 3,530 3,490
Indian (India) 720 400 320
Ukrainian 1,025 490 530
Dutch 600 285 310
Polish 1,690 855 840
Québécois 68,300 33,675 34,620
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,245 610 635
Filipino 500 205 300
French Canadian 48,390 23,425 24,965
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 12,130 5,945 6,185
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 8,280 3,580 4,710
Métis 2,270 1,025 1,245
European, n.o.s.126 7,300 3,810 3,490
Russian 920 430 495
Norwegian 375 205 170
Welsh 125 50 80
Portuguese 1,985 975 1,010
American 2,140 1,050 1,090
Spanish 3,340 1,635 1,700
Swedish 185 115 65
Hungarian 410 185 225
Acadian 5,820 2,715 3,110
Pakistani 50 10 35
African, n.o.s.127 4,355 2,225 2,130
Jewish 405 205 200
Punjabi 15 0 10
Vietnamese 1,535 755 780
Arab, n.o.s.128 4,275 2,300 1,975
Greek 560 295 270
Jamaican 120 65 50
Asian, n.o.s.129 315 130 185
Cree, n.o.s.130 220 105 110
Korean 200 100 95
Romanian 955 450 500
Lebanese 945 545 395
Iranian 605 285 315
Christian, n.i.e.131 4,380 2,190 2,195
Danish 185 120 65
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,495 695 795
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 340 225 115
Belgian 2,970 1,450 1,525
Haitian 1,980 930 1,055
Hindu 100 60 40
Mexican 1,640 750 890
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 1,315 675 640
Finnish 145 70 80
Sri Lankan 25 10 10
Croatian 245 115 130
Japanese 440 180 260
South Asian, n.o.s.133 35 20 15
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,120 485 640
Northern European, n.o.s.135 190 105 85
Muslim 865 465 395
Egyptian 340 195 145
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 960 440 520
Tamil 10 0 10
Icelandic 30 15 15
Colombian 3,705 1,795 1,905
Moroccan 3,075 1,580 1,490
Czech 165 70 95
Syrian 410 215 195
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 175 95 80
Black, n.o.s.137 470 245 230
Serbian 270 140 130
Ojibway 30 10 15
Newfoundlander 60 30 30
Hong Konger 55 10 35
Ontarian 265 140 130
Persian 85 40 45
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 25 10 20
Turkish 215 120 100
Inuit, n.o.s.138 290 140 155
Bangladeshi 185 95 95
Algerian 1,900 995 905
Brazilian 1,885 925 955
Nigerian 55 25 30
Armenian 235 150 85
Slovak 75 35 40
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 75 25 50
Somali 60 20 40
Taiwanese 80 40