Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Fredericton, City (C)More information:
New Brunswick
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 63,116 ... ...
Population, 20161 58,721r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 29,892 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 28,478 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 471.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 133.93 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 63,115 30,205 32,910
0 to 14 years 9,120 4,615 4,505
0 to 4 years 2,760 1,420 1,340
5 to 9 years 3,255 1,650 1,605
10 to 14 years 3,100 1,540 1,555
15 to 64 years 41,455 20,275 21,180
15 to 19 years 3,340 1,670 1,670
20 to 24 years 5,590 2,810 2,780
25 to 29 years 5,005 2,565 2,440
30 to 34 years 4,300 2,130 2,170
35 to 39 years 4,310 2,130 2,185
40 to 44 years 3,995 1,960 2,035
45 to 49 years 3,770 1,765 2,010
50 to 54 years 3,585 1,705 1,885
55 to 59 years 3,830 1,790 2,040
60 to 64 years 3,730 1,755 1,975
65 years and over 12,540 5,320 7,225
65 to 69 years 3,555 1,565 1,990
70 to 74 years 3,275 1,445 1,835
75 to 79 years 2,340 1,015 1,325
80 to 84 years 1,735 735 995
85 years and over 1,650 565 1,085
85 to 89 years 995 370 625
90 to 94 years 500 150 355
95 to 99 years 135 35 100
100 years and over 15 5 10
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.4 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 65.7 67.1 64.4
65 years and over 19.9 17.6 22.0
85 years and over 2.6 1.9 3.3
Average age of the population 41.7 40.2 43.0
Median age of the population 40.0 38.0 41.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 28,475 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,460 ... ...
Semi-detached house 790 ... ...
Row house 1,245 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,375 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,930 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 420 ... ...
Other single-attached house 170 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,095 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 28,480 ... ...
1 person 9,690 ... ...
2 persons 10,675 ... ...
3 persons 3,815 ... ...
4 persons 2,915 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,390 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 61,835 29,690 32,145
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 53,995 25,590 28,410
Married or living common-law 28,895 14,445 14,445
Married 22,570 11,285 11,285
Living common-law 6,320 3,160 3,165
Living common law - Never married 4,840 2,440 2,405
Living common law - Separated 300 160 145
Living common law - Divorced 1,045 510 530
Living common law - Widowed 135 50 80
Not married and not living common-law 25,105 11,145 13,965
Not married and not living common law - Never married 16,740 8,705 8,035
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,675 665 1,010
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 3,495 1,180 2,315
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 3,200 600 2,600
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 16,955 ... ...
2 persons 9,915 ... ...
3 persons 3,315 ... ...
4 persons 2,680 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,045 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 16,960 ... ...
Total couple families 14,165 ... ...
Married couples 11,000 ... ...
With children6 5,150 ... ...
Without children 5,850 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,165 ... ...
With children6 925 ... ...
Without children 2,240 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,795 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,250 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 540 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 61,835 29,690 32,145
Total - Persons in census families 46,200 22,575 23,625
Married spouses or common-law partners 28,330 14,150 14,175
Parents in one-parent families 2,790 545 2,250
Children6 15,080 7,880 7,200
In a two-parent family 11,005 5,665 5,340
In a one-parent family 4,075 2,215 1,855
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,640 7,120 8,515
Living alone 9,695 3,900 5,790
Living with other relatives7 1,165 495 675
Living with non-relatives only 4,780 2,725 2,050
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 28,480 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 15,635 ... ...
Couple-family households 13,265 ... ...
With children6 5,700 ... ...
Without children 7,565 ... ...
One-parent-family households 2,370 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 335 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 85 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 660 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 2,070 ... ...
One-person households 9,690 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 52,730 25,085 27,645
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 50,985 24,205 26,785
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400 44,400 37,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 51,000 24,210 26,785
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 39,200 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 46,520 22,520 23,990
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 40,000 29,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 37,150 18,715 18,430
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 38,400 31,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 39,955 17,425 22,520
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,300 9,700 10,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 5,860 2,870 2,995
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,520 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 13,305 6,255 7,045
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 7,500 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 52,730 25,080 27,650
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 51,025 24,185 26,840
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,080 57,250 45,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 51,040 24,200 26,840
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,520 46,880 38,560
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 46,590 22,495 24,095
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,680 53,650 40,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 37,145 18,725 18,420
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,040 50,440 39,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 39,915 17,380 22,535
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,810 10,240 11,260
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 5,555 2,760 2,790
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,375 6,270 6,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 13,045 6,240 6,800
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,410 8,240 8,560
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 52,730 25,080 27,650
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 19,085 10,260 8,825
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,400 62,400 54,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 67,500 72,700 61,450
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 14,240 6,510 7,725
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 15,000 16,400 14,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,940 25,400 20,860
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.4 87.2 79.2
Employment income (%)19 64.2 68.2 59.7
Government transfers (%)20 16.6 12.8 20.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.3 1.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.0 4.3 5.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.2 3.7 4.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 52,735 25,080 27,650
Without total income 1,745 880 865
With total income 50,985 24,200 26,785
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,955 1,775 2,180
$10,000 to $19,999 5,825 2,295 3,530
$20,000 to $29,999 8,375 3,560 4,815
$30,000 to $39,999 7,110 3,175 3,930
$40,000 to $49,999 6,360 2,815 3,545
$50,000 to $59,999 4,675 2,180 2,490
$60,000 to $69,999 3,660 1,975 1,690
$70,000 to $79,999 2,850 1,485 1,365
$80,000 to $89,999 2,240 1,180 1,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,530 850 685
$100,000 and over 4,405 2,900 1,505
$100,000 to $149,999 3,000 1,910 1,095
$150,000 and over 1,400 990 415
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 52,735 25,080 27,650
Without after-tax income 1,735 870 860
With after-tax income 51,000 24,215 26,790
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,195 1,825 2,375
$10,000 to $19,999 6,075 2,405 3,675
$20,000 to $29,999 9,855 4,350 5,505
$30,000 to $39,999 8,640 3,800 4,835
$40,000 to $49,999 7,005 3,265 3,740
$50,000 to $59,999 4,975 2,530 2,450
$60,000 to $69,999 3,595 1,925 1,665
$70,000 to $79,999 2,330 1,255 1,070
$80,000 to $89,999 1,355 840 510
$90,000 to $99,999 880 585 295
$100,000 and over 2,095 1,430 660
$100,000 to $124,999 1,080 705 375
$125,000 and over 1,015 730 285
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 52,735 25,080 27,650
Without employment income 15,585 6,365 9,220
With employment income 37,145 18,715 18,430
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,710 2,200 2,510
$5,000 to $9,999 3,400 1,520 1,880
$10,000 to $19,999 4,830 2,235 2,590
$20,000 to $29,999 3,890 1,935 1,955
$30,000 to $39,999 3,640 1,705 1,930
$40,000 to $49,999 3,550 1,645 1,900
$50,000 to $59,999 2,790 1,405 1,385
$60,000 to $69,999 2,475 1,370 1,100
$70,000 to $79,999 1,945 1,065 880
$80,000 to $89,999 1,620 840 780
$90,000 to $99,999 1,140 645 500
$100,000 and over 3,160 2,145 1,015
$100,000 to $124,999 1,490 960 530
$125,000 and over 1,675 1,185 485
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 52,730 25,085 27,645
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 49,825 23,610 26,215
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 42,400 33,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 49,850 23,615 26,235
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 37,200 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 45,725 22,105 23,615
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,000 39,600 29,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 36,810 18,490 18,320
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,000 38,000 30,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 35,180 14,820 20,360
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,400 5,240 7,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 4,550 2,255 2,295
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,440 5,520
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 52,730 25,080 27,650
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 49,695 23,570 26,120
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,920 54,650 41,840
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 49,725 23,580 26,150
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,800 44,640 35,440
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 45,670 22,070 23,595
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,880 53,350 38,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 36,650 18,470 18,175
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,680 50,240 39,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 35,100 14,855 20,245
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,130 7,460 8,620
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,350 2,170 2,175
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,920 6,520 7,320
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 52,730 25,080 27,650
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 18,935 10,200 8,735
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,000 57,200 50,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 62,900 68,100 56,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 13,045 5,955 7,085
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,200 20,600 16,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,320 30,640 24,500
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 88.0 91.4 84.0
Employment income (%) 68.8 72.0 64.8
Government transfers (%) 12.0 8.6 16.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.1 1.5
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 28,480 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 64,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 9,690 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 18,790 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 28,480 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 91,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 76,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,690 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 50,960 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,760 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 18,790 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 28,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 275 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 445 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 490 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,195 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,100 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,140 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,215 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,295 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,440 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,345 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,960 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,615 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,165 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,010 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,040 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,300 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,810 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 28,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 290 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 460 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 515 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,340 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,320 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,335 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,530 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,585 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,490 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,945 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,660 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,365 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,980 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,615 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,710 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,765 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,765 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,180 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 17,065 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 7,755 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 6,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,690 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 14,465 6,625 7,840
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 36,400 36,400 36,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,200 32,800 33,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 17,070 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 115,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,750 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 106,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 88,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,135 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 145,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,680 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 63,750 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 14,420 6,625 7,795
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 44,560 44,600 44,560
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,000 37,760 38,240
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 61,835 29,690 32,140
0 to 17 years 10,925 5,535 5,390
0 to 5 years 3,365 1,740 1,630
18 to 64 years 39,295 19,140 20,155
65 years and over 11,615 5,020 6,595
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 8,320 3,745 4,575
0 to 17 years 1,920 1,010 915
0 to 5 years 630 335 295
18 to 64 years 4,880 2,240 2,640
65 years and over 1,520 495 1,020
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.6 14.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 18.2 16.9
0 to 5 years (%) 18.7 19.2 18.2
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.7 13.1
65 years and over (%) 13.1 9.9 15.5
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 61,840 29,690 32,145
0 to 17 years 10,925 5,530 5,395
0 to 5 years 3,365 1,740 1,625
18 to 64 years 39,295 19,140 20,155
65 years and over 11,615 5,015 6,600
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,770 1,875 1,890
0 to 17 years 640 345 290
0 to 5 years 195 105 85
18 to 64 years 2,935 1,470 1,470
65 years and over 195 65 130
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.1 6.3 5.9
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8 6.3 5.4
0 to 5 years (%) 5.8 6.3 5.2
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 7.7 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.3 2.0
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 61,835 29,690 32,140
In bottom half of the distribution 35,350 16,690 18,665
In bottom decile 8,180 3,830 4,350
In second decile 7,255 3,405 3,855
In third decile 7,100 3,310 3,785
In fourth decile 6,675 3,200 3,480
In fifth decile 6,140 2,945 3,200
In top half of the distribution 26,485 13,005 13,480
In sixth decile 5,945 2,880 3,065
In seventh decile 5,680 2,755 2,925
In eighth decile 5,475 2,660 2,815
In ninth decile 4,895 2,440 2,460
In top decile 4,490 2,265 2,225
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 61,840 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.330 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.433 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.287 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.7 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 62,250 29,850 32,400
English only 46,595 22,915 23,680
French only 205 85 115
English and French 15,100 6,675 8,420
Neither English nor French 360 180 180
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 62,250 29,850 32,400
English 57,460 27,705 29,755
French 3,900 1,725 2,170
English and French 560 265 300
Neither English nor French 335 160 175
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 62,250 29,850 32,400
Single responses 60,355 28,950 31,405
Official languages 53,705 25,565 28,135
English 49,915 23,895 26,020
French 3,785 1,670 2,115
Non-official languages 6,655 3,380 3,270
Indigenous languages39 40 20 20
Algonquian languages 35 20 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 20 15
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 15 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,610 3,365 3,250
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,400 730 660
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15 5 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 10 10 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,385 725 655
Amharic 25 15 10
Arabic 1,295 675 620
Aramaic languages 5 5 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 45 20 25
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 15 10 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 75 85
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5
Vietnamese 155 75 80
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 365 160 205
Bikol 5 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Cebuano 45 15 30
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5
Ilocano 5 5 0
Indonesian 5 0 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 125 165
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Creole languages 10 5 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 0 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 165 100 60
Kannada 15 10 5
Malayalam 35 20 15
Tamil 45 30 20
Telugu 65 40 20
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,960 1,515 1,440
Albanian 20 10 10
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 630 310 320
Baltic languages 20 5 10
Latvian 5 0 0
Lithuanian 15 5 10
Slavic languages 610 300 310
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 0 5
Czech 15 10 5
Macedonian 5 0 5
Polish 50 20 25
Russian 365 195 175
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 110 55 55
Bosnian 30 15 15
Croatian 30 15 10
Serbian 50 20 30
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 60 20 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 315 145 170
Frisian 5 0 5
High German languages 165 80 90
German 160 75 85
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 120 60 60
Afrikaans 5 5 5
Dutch 115 55 60
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 20 10 10
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 0
Swedish 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 1,295 730 565
Indo-Aryan languages 925 535 390
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 165 100 70
Gujarati 45 35 15
Hindi 200 110 90
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 5 5 5
Marathi 30 15 10
Nepali 95 45 45
Oriya languages 5 5 0
Odia 5 5 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 150 100
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 110 60 50
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 370 195 175
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 40 20 25
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 20 10 15
Persian languages 305 165 140
Dari 5 0 5
Iranian Persian 285 150 130
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20 15 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 685 320 365
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 35 15 20
Portuguese 180 85 90
Romanian 45 20 25
Spanish 420 200 220
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 5 20
Korean 210 115 100
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 275 130 140
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 35
Shona 10 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 75 35 40
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 10
American Sign Language 25 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 910 465 445
Chinese languages 890 455 440
Hakka 5 5 0
Mandarin 745 385 360
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5
Yue (Cantonese) 95 45 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 5 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40 20 20
Azerbaijani 5 5 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 20 10 15
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 5 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 45 25 20
Estonian 5 5 0
Finnish 5 0 0
Hungarian 35 15 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Multiple responses 1,900 905 995
English and French 860 380 480
English and non-official language(s) 860 430 435
French and non-official language(s) 60 30 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 40 25 15
Multiple non-official languages 80 40 35
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 62,250 29,850 32,400
English 50,905 24,365 26,540
French 1,380 620 765
Non-official language 1,960 1,010 955
Indigenous39 5 0 5
Non-Indigenous 1,955 1,005 950
English and French 2,735 1,205 1,530
English and non-official language(s) 4,590 2,335 2,255
French and non-official language(s) 60 20 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 475 230 245
Multiple non-official languages 150 75 75
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 62,250 29,850 32,400
Single responses 60,565 28,985 31,585
Official languages 56,495 26,910 29,585
English 54,565 26,055 28,515
French 1,925 850 1,075
Non-official languages 4,075 2,075 2,000
Indigenous languages39 5 0 10
Algonquian languages 5 0 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 10
Mi'kmaq 5 0 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,065 2,075 1,990
Afro-Asiatic languages 980 495 485
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 10 5 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 970 490 480
Amharic 15 5 10
Arabic 920 455 460
Aramaic languages 5 5 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 10 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 10 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 60 65
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 125 60 65
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 180 80 100
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 70 90
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 5
Haitian Creole 5 5 5
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 80 45 35
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 20 10 10
Tamil 30 15 15
Telugu 35 25 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,695 885 815
Albanian 5 5 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 400 215 190
Baltic languages 5 5 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 5 5
Slavic languages 400 205 190
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 5
Russian 275 150 125
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 70 35 35
Bosnian 20 5 15
Croatian 10 5 10
Serbian 35 20 15
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 35 20 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 50 20 25
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 35 15 20
German 30 15 20
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 10 5
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 15 10 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 5 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 840 450 390
Indo-Aryan languages 580 325 250
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 100 55 40
Gujarati 40 25 15
Hindi 135 75 60
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 5 5 5
Konkani 5 5 5
Marathi 5 5 5
Nepali 55 30 30
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 155 90 65
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 60 30 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 265 125 135
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 35 15 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 20 5 10
Persian languages 215 110 105
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 200 105 95
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 15 5 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 400 195 200
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5
Portuguese 130 65 65
Romanian 30 10 15
Spanish 235 115 115
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 0
Korean 170 90 80
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 50 65
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 15
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 10
Shona 5 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 55 25 35
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 15 15
American Sign Language 30 15 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 645 330 320
Chinese languages 635 320 315
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 565 285 280
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 50 25 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 10 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 5 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,690 870 820
English and French 495 240 255
English and non-official language(s) 1,090 575 515
French and non-official language(s) 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 50 25 25
Multiple non-official languages 25 15 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 62,250 29,855 32,400
None 55,655 26,720 28,930
English 2,120 1,045 1,075
French 1,835 795 1,040
Non-official language 1,835 885 945
Indigenous39 40 15 20
Non-Indigenous 1,800 865 930
English and French 90 40 50
English and non-official language(s) 270 140 125
French and non-official language(s) 205 105 105
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 230 120 110
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 61,840 29,705 32,135
Official languages 61,470 29,540 31,930
English 61,310 29,485 31,825
French 15,175 6,810 8,365
Non-official languages 9,300 4,575 4,725
Indigenous languages39 95 60 40
Algonquian languages 95 60 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 85 55 35
Mi'kmaq 55 25 30
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 35 30 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,215 4,525 4,690
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,020 1,020 990
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 65 30 30
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 15
Somali 35 25 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,950 990 960
Amharic 60 25 35
Arabic 1,730 870 860
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 140 75 60
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 30 15 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 180 105 80
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 180 100 80
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 610 265 340
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 10 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 45 30 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 30 30 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 515 210 310
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Creole languages 50 35 15
Haitian Creole 10 10 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 15 10 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0
Dravidian languages 260 135 130
Kannada 35 20 15
Malayalam 60 25 35
Tamil 150 75 75
Telugu 80 50 25
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,515 2,170 2,340
Albanian 25 10 10
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 775 365 405
Baltic languages 30 15 15
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 30 15 15
Slavic languages 755 350 405
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 15 10 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 55 20 30
Russian 515 250 265
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 120 55 70
Bosnian 55 20 35
Croatian 50 25 30
Serbian 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 205 85 120
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 0 20
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 20
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 605 285 325
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 455 210 240
German 450 210 235
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 125 55 65
Afrikaans 35 15 20
Dutch 95 45 50
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 50 20 30
Danish 10 0 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 10 0
Swedish 25 15 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 30 15 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,670 890 780
Indo-Aryan languages 1,310 675 630
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 210 110 100
Gujarati 120 70 55
Hindi 730 385 345
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 100 50 45
Nepali 150 65 80
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 340 180 150
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10
Urdu 235 130 110
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Iranian languages 370 220 150
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 335 210 125
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 320 190 125
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 15 15 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,565 660 910
Catalan 10 10 0
Italian 220 100 125
Portuguese 220 125 95
Romanian 60 25 35
Spanish 1,250 500 755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 95 50 45
Korean 225 115 120
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 510 260 245
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 25 20
Lingala 50 15 30
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 70 55
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 310 160 150
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 85 40 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 110 20 85
American Sign Language 110 20 85
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,055 560 500
Chinese languages 1,050 560 495
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 945 510 435
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 125 65 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 80 55 30
Azerbaijani 10 10 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 75 45 30
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 75 40 40
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 30 10 20
Hungarian 40 25 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 61,835 29,705 32,130
Indigenous identity45 2,180 935 1,250
Single Indigenous responses46 2,065 890 1,170
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,535 635 895
Métis 435 205 230
Inuk (Inuit) 95 50 45
Multiple Indigenous responses47 30 15 10
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 90 25 65
Non-Indigenous identity 59,655 28,765 30,890
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 61,835 29,705 32,130
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,110 455 655
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 60,725 29,245 31,475
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 28,480 ... ...
Owner 16,110 ... ...
Renter 12,365 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 28,480 ... ...
Condominium 1,920 ... ...
Not condominium 26,555 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 28,480 ... ...
No bedrooms 145 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,535 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,635 ... ...
3 bedrooms 8,305 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,865 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 28,480 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,825 ... ...
5 rooms 4,960 ... ...
6 rooms 3,945 ... ...
7 rooms 2,810 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,935 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 28,480 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 28,070 ... ...
More than one person per room 410 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 28,480 ... ...
Suitable 27,490 ... ...
Not suitable 990 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 28,480 ... ...
1960 or before 5,615 ... ...
1961 to 1980 8,150 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,845 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,545 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,025 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,355 ... ...
2011 to 2015 2,105 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,835 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 28,480 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 26,690 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,785 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 28,480 ... ...
One-maintainer household 15,160 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 12,380 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 940 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 28,480 ... ...
15 to 24 years 2,260 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,840 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,610 ... ...
45 to 54 years 4,265 ... ...
55 to 64 years 4,635 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,310 ... ...
75 to 84 years 2,560 ... ...
85 years and over 990 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 28,345 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 22,765 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 5,575 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 5,060 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 28,480 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 7,695 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 5,015 ... ...
Not suitable only 770 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,260 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 125 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 435 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 90 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 20,780 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 27,830 ... ...
In core need 2,515 ... ...
Not in core need 25,310 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 16,100 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 59.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,060 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,189 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 250,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 273,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 12,365 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 9.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 32.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 16.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,030 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,080 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 61,835 29,700 32,130
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 955 405 550
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 955 400 550
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 845 350 495
Métis single ancestry 45 15 35
Inuit single ancestry 60 35 25
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,270 980 1,295
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,205 940 1,260
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,740 730 1,010
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 410 180 230
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50 25 20
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 70 35 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 20 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50 20 30
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 58,610 28,320 30,290
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 61,835 29,700 32,135
Canadian citizens77 55,870 26,700 29,165
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,475 4,730 4,745
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 46,400 21,970 24,425
Not Canadian citizens78 5,965 3,000 2,965
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 61,835 29,700 32,135
Non-immigrants80 52,300 25,000 27,300
Immigrants81 7,790 3,760 4,030
Before 1980 1,115 460 650
1980 to 1990 305 150 155
1991 to 2000 600 250 345
2001 to 2010 1,270 640 630
2011 to 202182 4,500 2,245 2,255
2011 to 2015 1,025 525 500
2016 to 2021 3,475 1,720 1,750
Non-permanent residents83 1,745 945 805
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 7,790 3,760 4,035
Under 5 years 835 420 415
5 to 14 years 1,680 825 850
15 to 24 years 1,055 430 625
25 to 44 years 3,670 1,760 1,915
45 years and over 550 325 225
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 7,790 3,760 4,035
Americas 930 410 515
Brazil 30 20 15
Colombia 40 25 20
El Salvador 10 0 10
Guyana 10 0 10
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 50 15 35
Mexico 35 15 20
Peru 10 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 25 10 15
United States of America 570 260 315
Other places of birth in Americas 145 65 80
Europe 1,705 790 915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 20 40
Croatia 20 10 0
France 55 30 30
Germany 120 60 65
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 15 0 10
Italy 35 10 20
Netherlands 50 30 15
Poland 20 0 20
Portugal 25 15 10
Romania 50 15 35
Russian Federation 130 65 60
Serbia86 20 10 10
Ukraine 165 70 95
United Kingdom87 765 355 405
Other places of birth in Europe 180 80 100
Africa 1,195 630 565
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 185 75 110
Egypt 295 175 125
Eritrea 25 15 10
Ethiopia 40 20 20
Morocco 25 10 10
Nigeria 160 75 80
Somalia 20 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 50 15 35
Other places of birth in Africa 380 215 160
Asia 3,935 1,915 2,015
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 240 145 100
Iraq 60 30 35
Lebanon 205 100 105
Syria89 505 240 260
Turkey 50 25 25
China90 650 335 310
Hong Kong91 50 20 25
Korea, South92 170 80 90
Taiwan 15 0 10
Philippines 500 205 295
Viet Nam 140 80 60
Bangladesh 140 80 65
India 455 240 210
Pakistan 160 90 75
Sri Lanka 15 0 10
Other places of birth in Asia 575 235 340
Oceania and other places of birth93 30 10 20
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 3,475 1,720 1,750
Americas 210 100 115
Brazil 25 15 10
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 10 10
Mexico 15 0 15
United States of America 55 30 30
Venezuela95 15 0 10
Other places of birth in Americas 75 40 35
Europe 315 175 140
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 95 50 50
Ukraine 105 50 55
United Kingdom87 50 30 20
Other places of birth in Europe 45 25 15
Africa 800 400 395
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 60 35 25
Cameroon 10 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 125 35 95
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 240 135 105
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 150 70 75
Somalia 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 10
Sudan97 35 20 10
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 105 65 40
Asia 2,140 1,040 1,095
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 100 55 45
China90 245 125 120
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 290 165 125
Iran88 90 50 40
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 60 25 35
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 30 20 15
Korea, South92 30 15 15
Lebanon 65 25 40
Nepal 60 25 35
Pakistan 100 50 50
Philippines 300 135 170
Saudi Arabia 65 35 35
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 490 230 255
Turkey 30 15 15
United Arab Emirates 75 15 55
Viet Nam 60 45 15
Other places of birth in Asia 40 15 25
Oceania and other93 10 0 0
Australia 10 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 61,835 29,705 32,135
First generation100 10,200 5,025 5,170
Second generation101 5,715 2,785 2,930
Third generation or more102 45,925 21,890 24,030
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 6,675 3,290 3,380
Economic immigrants104 4,500 2,340 2,160
Principal applicants105 1,690 1,145 550
Secondary applicants106 2,805 1,195 1,610
Immigrants sponsored by family107 850 290 565
Refugees108 1,315 665 655
Other immigrants109 10 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 6,675 3,290 3,380
Asylum claim before admission111 65 45 20
Work permits only before admission112 775 390 390
Study permits only before admission113 360 175 185
Work and study permits before admission114 535 305 230
Other permits before admission115 20 0 20
No pre-admission experience116 4,920 2,385 2,535
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 61,835 29,705 32,130
Total visible minority population118 8,660 4,355 4,300
South Asian 1,775 900 875
Chinese 1,135 575 560
Black 1,780 875 905
Filipino 600 265 340
Arab 1,555 790 760
Latin American 520 260 260
Southeast Asian 315 165 150
West Asian 440 240 200
Korean 225 120 110
Japanese 50 15 30
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 95 55 35
Multiple visible minorities 175 100 70
Not a visible minority120 53,175 25,345 27,835
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 61,840 29,705 32,135
Canadian 9,435 4,520 4,915
English 15,495 7,255 8,235
Irish 16,480 7,715 8,765
Scottish 15,340 7,230 8,115
French, n.o.s.122 7,950 3,820 4,130
German 3,590 1,705 1,885
Chinese 1,220 610 605
Italian 885 420 465
Indian (India) 875 440 440
Ukrainian 755 350 400
Dutch 1,795 845 945
Polish 540 255 285
Québécois 210 130 80
British Isles, n.o.s.123 2,300 1,105 1,195
Filipino 640 285 350
French Canadian 600 280 320
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,900 1,405 1,495
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 975 400 580
Métis 480 215 265
European, n.o.s.126 1,280 615 660
Russian 450 225 225
Norwegian 450 215 240
Welsh 1,845 805 1,040
Portuguese 220 105 110
American 615 280 340
Spanish 375 205 170
Swedish 310 135 175
Hungarian 230 120 110
Acadian 3,520 1,580 1,940
Pakistani 245 105 145
African, n.o.s.127 550 255 290
Jewish 405 200 195
Punjabi 90 45 50
Vietnamese 205 100 105
Arab, n.o.s.128 385 225 165
Greek 130 70 60
Jamaican 80 35 45
Asian, n.o.s.129 125 65 60
Cree, n.o.s.130 75 25 50
Korean 205 105 95
Romanian 120 55 65
Lebanese 625 335 295
Iranian 300 160 140
Christian, n.i.e.131 230 125 110
Danish 545 255 285
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 450 165 280
Sikh 30 15 20
Austrian 170 95 75
Belgian 170 65 110
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 95 50 50
Mexican 195 115 85
Mennonite 35 10 25
Swiss 85 25 55
Finnish 120 70 45
Sri Lankan 35 15 20
Croatian 55 30 25
Japanese 65 25 40
South Asian, n.o.s.133 70 30 40
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 620 275 340
Northern European, n.o.s.135 270 115 155
Muslim 140 65 75
Egyptian 430 240 190
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 35 10 25
Tamil 50 25 25
Icelandic 15 15 0
Colombian 95 45 50
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 65 35 30
Syrian 540 250 290
Guyanese 45 15 30
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 105 35 65
Serbian 70 30 40
Ojibway 40 20 20
Newfoundlander 245 100 145
Hong Konger 10 10 0
Ontarian 60 35 25
Persian 90 60 30
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 25 15 0
Turkish 105 60 45
Inuit, n.o.s.138 155 85 70
Bangladeshi 145 85 55
Algerian 30 20 15
Brazilian 130 70 55
Nigerian 145 70 80
Armenian 30 15 10
Slovak 15 0 10
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 30 25 0
Somali 45 30 10
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 50