Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
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Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Saint John, City (C)More information:
New Brunswick
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 69,895 ... ...
Population, 20161 67,575 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 33,908 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 31,825 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 221.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 315.59 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 69,895 33,835 36,060
0 to 14 years 10,180 5,220 4,960
0 to 4 years 3,045 1,565 1,480
5 to 9 years 3,475 1,730 1,740
10 to 14 years 3,670 1,925 1,745
15 to 64 years 45,360 22,325 23,030
15 to 19 years 3,390 1,765 1,625
20 to 24 years 4,340 2,270 2,070
25 to 29 years 4,955 2,500 2,460
30 to 34 years 4,480 2,220 2,260
35 to 39 years 4,290 2,110 2,180
40 to 44 years 4,145 2,000 2,145
45 to 49 years 4,295 2,080 2,215
50 to 54 years 4,415 2,075 2,335
55 to 59 years 5,625 2,760 2,870
60 to 64 years 5,420 2,545 2,875
65 years and over 14,355 6,285 8,065
65 to 69 years 4,610 2,155 2,455
70 to 74 years 3,860 1,790 2,070
75 to 79 years 2,520 1,115 1,400
80 to 84 years 1,695 680 1,015
85 years and over 1,670 545 1,125
85 to 89 years 1,030 375 655
90 to 94 years 455 130 325
95 to 99 years 150 35 115
100 years and over 30 5 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.4 13.8
15 to 64 years 64.9 66.0 63.9
65 years and over 20.5 18.6 22.4
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 43.3 42.0 44.6
Median age of the population 44.0 42.0 45.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 31,825 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,750 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,035 ... ...
Row house 1,930 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,170 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,955 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,150 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 715 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 31,825 ... ...
1 person 11,440 ... ...
2 persons 11,350 ... ...
3 persons 4,540 ... ...
4 persons 2,925 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,575 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 68,180 32,915 35,260
Average household size 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 59,710 28,615 31,100
Married or living common-law 29,835 14,910 14,925
Married 22,815 11,400 11,415
Living common-law 7,020 3,510 3,510
Living common law - Never married 5,150 2,560 2,590
Living common law - Separated 450 235 210
Living common law - Divorced 1,260 650 615
Living common law - Widowed 160 70 90
Not married and not living common-law 29,875 13,705 16,175
Not married and not living common law - Never married 18,870 10,030 8,835
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,435 1,000 1,430
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,505 1,810 2,695
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 4,070 860 3,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 18,940 ... ...
2 persons 11,125 ... ...
3 persons 4,080 ... ...
4 persons 2,600 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,135 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 18,935 ... ...
Total couple families 14,630 ... ...
Married couples 11,125 ... ...
With children6 4,945 ... ...
Without children 6,175 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,505 ... ...
With children6 1,295 ... ...
Without children 2,210 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,310 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,455 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 855 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 68,175 32,915 35,260
Total - Persons in census families 51,095 24,890 26,210
Married spouses or common-law partners 29,260 14,605 14,660
Parents in one-parent families 4,305 855 3,455
Children6 17,525 9,430 8,095
In a two-parent family 11,045 5,885 5,155
In a one-parent family 6,485 3,550 2,940
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,085 8,025 9,055
Living alone 11,440 4,985 6,455
Living with other relatives7 1,815 820 995
Living with non-relatives only 3,825 2,225 1,600
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 31,825 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 16,865 ... ...
Couple-family households 13,460 ... ...
With children6 5,750 ... ...
Without children 7,710 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,405 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 620 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 90 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 965 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,845 ... ...
One-person households 11,440 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 58,025 27,715 30,315
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 55,835 26,580 29,255
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 39,600 34,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 55,855 26,590 29,265
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,200 35,200 31,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 47,670 23,180 24,490
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,400 35,600 27,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 38,415 19,250 19,170
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,200 36,400 30,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 45,905 20,635 25,270
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,000 11,500 12,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,390 4,215 4,175
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,640 6,000 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,155 7,325 7,830
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 58,030 27,720 30,310
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 55,725 26,475 29,245
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,200 48,680 40,120
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 55,750 26,490 29,260
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,600 40,600 34,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 47,475 23,120 24,350
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,840 45,240 34,680
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 38,420 19,280 19,135
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,800 45,320 36,240
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 45,855 20,580 25,275
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,470 11,810 13,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,320 4,140 4,180
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,730 7,120 6,340
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,090 7,305 7,785
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,110 9,100 9,120
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 58,030 27,720 30,305
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 18,865 9,895 8,970
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 51,200 55,600 47,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,100 64,800 54,850
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 14,740 6,905 7,835
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,200 19,200 15,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,520 28,320 21,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 76.8 81.2 72.0
Employment income (%)19 63.6 67.8 59.1
Government transfers (%)20 23.2 18.8 28.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.3 2.3 2.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.6 5.9 7.4
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.6 5.2 6.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 58,030 27,715 30,310
Without total income 2,195 1,135 1,060
With total income 55,835 26,580 29,255
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,570 2,080 2,495
$10,000 to $19,999 6,705 2,800 3,900
$20,000 to $29,999 10,475 4,495 5,980
$30,000 to $39,999 8,935 4,030 4,900
$40,000 to $49,999 7,750 3,440 4,305
$50,000 to $59,999 5,145 2,510 2,635
$60,000 to $69,999 3,610 1,940 1,675
$70,000 to $79,999 2,465 1,440 1,025
$80,000 to $89,999 1,840 980 860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,255 700 555
$100,000 and over 3,075 2,160 915
$100,000 to $149,999 2,230 1,545 685
$150,000 and over 845 610 230
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 58,030 27,715 30,310
Without after-tax income 2,175 1,125 1,045
With after-tax income 55,855 26,595 29,260
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,785 2,130 2,655
$10,000 to $19,999 7,010 2,960 4,050
$20,000 to $29,999 12,535 5,525 7,010
$30,000 to $39,999 10,690 4,855 5,835
$40,000 to $49,999 7,960 3,700 4,260
$50,000 to $59,999 5,005 2,675 2,330
$60,000 to $69,999 3,085 1,670 1,410
$70,000 to $79,999 1,800 1,010 790
$80,000 to $89,999 1,105 715 390
$90,000 to $99,999 610 430 180
$100,000 and over 1,275 925 355
$100,000 to $124,999 740 530 210
$125,000 and over 535 390 145
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 58,030 27,715 30,310
Without employment income 19,610 8,465 11,145
With employment income 38,415 19,250 19,165
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,890 2,365 2,525
$5,000 to $9,999 3,300 1,435 1,865
$10,000 to $19,999 4,950 2,275 2,670
$20,000 to $29,999 4,530 2,120 2,410
$30,000 to $39,999 4,970 2,275 2,700
$40,000 to $49,999 4,175 1,985 2,195
$50,000 to $59,999 2,975 1,510 1,465
$60,000 to $69,999 2,220 1,265 950
$70,000 to $79,999 1,695 995 695
$80,000 to $89,999 1,365 700 665
$90,000 to $99,999 960 565 395
$100,000 and over 2,395 1,755 635
$100,000 to $124,999 1,255 880 370
$125,000 and over 1,145 870 270
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 58,025 27,715 30,315
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 54,850 26,050 28,795
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,000 38,000 30,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 54,890 26,055 28,835
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,800 34,000 28,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 47,520 23,125 24,400
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,800 36,400 28,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 38,845 19,490 19,355
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 36,800 30,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 41,085 17,920 23,160
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,950 7,500 8,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 6,425 3,380 3,045
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,840 6,450 5,480
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 58,030 27,720 30,310
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 54,840 25,970 28,875
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,760 47,000 37,040
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 54,870 25,970 28,900
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,400 39,000 32,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 47,515 23,120 24,395
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,080 46,000 34,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 38,845 19,455 19,390
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,880 45,800 35,960
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 41,090 17,800 23,290
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,400 8,850 9,830
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 6,405 3,365 3,040
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,340 7,620 7,030
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 58,030 27,720 30,305
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 18,650 9,765 8,890
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 48,400 53,200 44,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 56,950 61,900 51,450
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 13,910 6,475 7,435
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,200 24,600 20,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,520 34,320 25,340
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 83.2 87.2 78.6
Employment income (%) 69.4 73.0 65.2
Government transfers (%) 16.9 12.9 21.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.1 2.1 2.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 31,825 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 62,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 56,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 11,440 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 20,385 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 31,825 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 77,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 65,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,420 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,880 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 20,405 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 96,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,100 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 31,825 ... ...
Under $5,000 345 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 530 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 615 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 600 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,020 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,590 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,530 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,680 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,670 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,575 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,020 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,665 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,310 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,925 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,645 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,100 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,050 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,885 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,950 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,225 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 31,825 ... ...
Under $5,000 360 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 540 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 620 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 645 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,185 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,955 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,865 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,895 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,765 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,485 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,885 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,400 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,010 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,615 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,645 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,690 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,400 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,555 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 18,995 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 7,845 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 70,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 6,350 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 113,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,060 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 51,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 15,270 7,205 8,060
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 34,400 32,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,800 31,000 30,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 18,980 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 96,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,780 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,375 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 125,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 105,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,050 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 15,285 7,265 8,020
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 40,880 41,840 40,040
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,080 35,360 34,800
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 68,180 32,915 35,265
0 to 17 years 12,155 6,240 5,910
0 to 5 years 3,715 1,870 1,840
18 to 64 years 42,615 20,750 21,865
65 years and over 13,410 5,925 7,485
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,100 5,415 6,685
0 to 17 years 2,965 1,500 1,465
0 to 5 years 1,035 510 525
18 to 64 years 6,355 2,935 3,420
65 years and over 2,785 985 1,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.8 16.5 19.0
0 to 17 years (%) 24.4 24.0 24.8
0 to 5 years (%) 27.9 27.2 28.4
18 to 64 years (%) 14.9 14.1 15.6
65 years and over (%) 20.8 16.6 24.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 68,175 32,915 35,260
0 to 17 years 12,155 6,245 5,910
0 to 5 years 3,715 1,875 1,845
18 to 64 years 42,615 20,750 21,865
65 years and over 13,410 5,920 7,485
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,345 2,230 2,115
0 to 17 years 860 450 415
0 to 5 years 275 135 135
18 to 64 years 3,200 1,670 1,535
65 years and over 280 110 170
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.8 6.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.1 7.2 7.0
0 to 5 years (%) 7.4 7.4 7.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 8.0 7.0
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.9 2.2
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 68,180 32,915 35,265
In bottom half of the distribution 44,680 21,070 23,610
In bottom decile 10,880 5,095 5,780
In second decile 10,335 4,755 5,580
In third decile 8,995 4,265 4,735
In fourth decile 7,690 3,625 4,065
In fifth decile 6,775 3,330 3,445
In top half of the distribution 23,495 11,850 11,650
In sixth decile 6,075 3,055 3,020
In seventh decile 5,740 2,860 2,875
In eighth decile 4,770 2,405 2,360
In ninth decile 4,010 2,040 1,970
In top decile 2,910 1,490 1,420
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 68,175 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.328 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.473 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.287 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 68,840 33,280 35,560
English only 58,910 29,010 29,905
French only 125 55 70
English and French 9,395 4,030 5,365
Neither English nor French 410 190 220
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 68,840 33,280 35,560
English 65,790 31,830 33,955
French 2,380 1,125 1,260
English and French 300 160 145
Neither English nor French 370 165 205
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 68,840 33,280 35,560
Single responses 67,400 32,585 34,815
Official languages 62,590 30,100 32,495
English 60,060 28,920 31,145
French 2,530 1,180 1,350
Non-official languages 4,810 2,485 2,325
Indigenous languages39 10 0 5
Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,800 2,485 2,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,140 615 530
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 5 0
Hausa 5 5 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 90 40 45
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 90 40 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,050 570 480
Amharic 5 0 5
Arabic 1,010 540 465
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 5
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 65 65
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5
Vietnamese 120 60 60
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 380 165 210
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Cebuano 25 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 5 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 315 135 175
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 15 5 5
Haitian Creole 5 5 5
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 150 80 70
Kannada 10 5 10
Malayalam 80 45 35
Tamil 25 10 15
Telugu 35 20 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,920 1,035 885
Albanian 10 5 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 270 135 140
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 265 130 135
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 5 0 5
Polish 25 15 10
Russian 155 75 85
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10
Bosnian 10 5 5
Croatian 5 0 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 55 30 25
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 105 45 55
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 60 20 35
German 60 20 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 30 25 10
Afrikaans 0 0 5
Dutch 30 20 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 10
Danish 5 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 10 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 45 35 10
Indo-Iranian languages 975 550 425
Indo-Aryan languages 770 440 330
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 100 50 50
Gujarati 140 95 45
Hindi 130 70 60
Kacchi 10 0 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 20 10 10
Nepali 15 5 10
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 240 140 100
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5
Urdu 115 60 50
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 205 110 100
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 50 25 25
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 5
Persian languages 150 80 65
Dari 25 10 15
Iranian Persian 115 65 50
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 505 265 240
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 55 30 20
Portuguese 150 75 70
Romanian 50 25 20
Spanish 255 130 120
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 15
Korean 165 75 90
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 110 65 50
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 15 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0
Lingala 10 5 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 25 15 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 20 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 5 10
American Sign Language 15 5 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 680 335 345
Chinese languages 675 330 340
Hakka 5 5 0
Mandarin 550 265 285
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5
Yue (Cantonese) 100 55 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 10 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 35 30 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 20 15 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Uralic languages 25 10 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 5
Hungarian 15 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,445 700 740
English and French 625 275 350
English and non-official language(s) 705 365 340
French and non-official language(s) 25 15 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 45 20 20
Multiple non-official languages 45 25 25
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 68,840 33,280 35,560
English 61,480 29,640 31,845
French 625 300 330
Non-official language 1,700 885 815
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 1,700 885 815
English and French 1,420 615 810
English and non-official language(s) 3,245 1,665 1,580
French and non-official language(s) 35 10 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 230 115 110
Multiple non-official languages 95 55 45
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 68,840 33,280 35,560
Single responses 67,790 32,765 35,030
Official languages 64,590 31,095 33,490
English 63,745 30,705 33,040
French 845 390 450
Non-official languages 3,200 1,670 1,535
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,200 1,670 1,535
Afro-Asiatic languages 955 520 440
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 55 25 30
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 25 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 905 495 410
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 875 475 400
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 5
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 15 15 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 100 55 50
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 100 55 50
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 200 90 110
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 15 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 80 95
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 110 60 50
Kannada 5 0 0
Malayalam 50 30 20
Tamil 30 15 15
Telugu 25 15 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,055 555 500
Albanian 10 0 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 155 85 75
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 155 85 75
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 5 5
Russian 105 55 50
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
Bosnian 5 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 15 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 15 5 10
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 10 5 5
German 10 5 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5 5 0
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 5 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 610 330 280
Indo-Aryan languages 480 265 215
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 60 30 35
Gujarati 75 50 25
Hindi 80 35 40
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 0 5
Nepali 10 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 175 90 85
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 70 45 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 130 70 65
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 40 20 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 0
Persian languages 85 45 40
Dari 15 10 10
Iranian Persian 65 35 30
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5 5 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 255 130 125
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 15 5 5
Portuguese 90 45 45
Romanian 20 10 10
Spanish 135 70 65
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0
Korean 145 65 75
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 45 20 30
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 5 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 50 25 20
American Sign Language 35 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 505 255 250
Chinese languages 505 255 250
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 445 220 220
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 5 0
Yue (Cantonese) 55 25 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 0 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,050 520 535
English and French 250 105 145
English and non-official language(s) 740 385 360
French and non-official language(s) 20 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 15 10
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 68,840 33,280 35,560
None 64,690 31,255 33,440
English 1,330 670 660
French 1,020 445 580
Non-official language 1,245 610 630
Indigenous39 15 0 15
Non-Indigenous 1,230 610 620
English and French 65 35 30
English and non-official language(s) 220 115 100
French and non-official language(s) 80 40 45
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 185 115 75
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 68,180 32,915 35,265
Official languages 67,770 32,735 35,030
English 67,685 32,700 34,990
French 9,405 4,025 5,375
Non-official languages 7,000 3,630 3,370
Indigenous languages39 50 0 45
Algonquian languages 10 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,950 3,625 3,325
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,450 815 635
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 0 0
Hausa 15 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 95 45 55
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 90 45 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,360 770 595
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,290 735 560
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 65 35 30
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 150 75 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0
Vietnamese 140 75 65
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 560 220 335
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 75 35 40
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 15 0 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 520 215 305
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Creole languages 20 15 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 270 165 100
Kannada 60 40 20
Malayalam 100 70 35
Tamil 105 65 40
Telugu 60 40 20
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,135 1,710 1,425
Albanian 35 10 20
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 395 205 190
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 395 205 190
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 40 25 10
Russian 280 150 135
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 15 10 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 160 80 80
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 305 150 155
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 230 130 100
German 230 130 100
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 60 35 30
Afrikaans 15 0 10
Dutch 45 30 25
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 35 10 25
Danish 10 0 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 10 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 90 60 25
Indo-Iranian languages 1,505 930 575
Indo-Aryan languages 1,285 810 475
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 105 55 55
Gujarati 265 200 65
Hindi 785 490 290
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 10 0
Marathi 25 10 15
Nepali 25 15 10
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 325 230 85
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 0 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10
Urdu 320 185 140
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Iranian languages 240 130 115
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 20 15 10
Persian languages 205 115 90
Dari 40 20 25
Iranian Persian 135 80 55
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25 15 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 905 410 490
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 95 55 45
Portuguese 165 85 75
Romanian 60 30 30
Spanish 660 270 390
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 75 50 30
Korean 195 95 105
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 360 165 195
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 45 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 20 15 0
Luba-Kasai 20 15 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 90 55 35
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 155 70 85
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 150 45 100
American Sign Language 125 30 90
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 10 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 885 420 465
Chinese languages 875 420 455
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 795 380 410
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 25 10
Yue (Cantonese) 130 60 70
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 75 50 25
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 60 45 15
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 15 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 10 10
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 68,175 32,915 35,265
Indigenous identity45 1,895 850 1,045
Single Indigenous responses46 1,735 760 970
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,135 540 595
Métis 495 195 300
Inuk (Inuit) 95 30 75
Multiple Indigenous responses47 30 15 10
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 130 75 55
Non-Indigenous identity 66,285 32,065 34,220
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 68,175 32,915 35,265
Registered or Treaty Indian49 470 270 195
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 67,710 32,640 35,065
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 31,825 ... ...
Owner 17,240 ... ...
Renter 14,585 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 31,825 ... ...
Condominium 1,685 ... ...
Not condominium 30,145 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 31,825 ... ...
No bedrooms 230 ... ...
1 bedroom 4,905 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,060 ... ...
3 bedrooms 11,115 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,510 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 31,825 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,340 ... ...
5 rooms 5,705 ... ...
6 rooms 4,965 ... ...
7 rooms 3,780 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,040 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.8 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 31,825 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 31,465 ... ...
More than one person per room 360 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 31,825 ... ...
Suitable 30,730 ... ...
Not suitable 1,090 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 31,825 ... ...
1960 or before 11,330 ... ...
1961 to 1980 10,860 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,660 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,640 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,010 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,530 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,100 ... ...
2016 to 202157 685 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 31,825 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 28,930 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 31,825 ... ...
One-maintainer household 18,735 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 12,065 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,025 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 31,825 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,365 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,690 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,955 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,065 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,625 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,350 ... ...
75 to 84 years 2,805 ... ...
85 years and over 970 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 31,675 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 25,785 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 5,890 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 5,435 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 31,825 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 9,025 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 5,190 ... ...
Not suitable only 830 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,175 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 115 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 570 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 130 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 20 ... ...
Acceptable housing 22,800 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 31,225 ... ...
In core need 2,575 ... ...
Not in core need 28,650 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 17,235 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,000 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,097 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 174,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 198,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 14,585 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 16.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 27.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 13.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 830 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 849 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 68,175 32,915 35,260
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 700 315 385
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 680 300 385
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 570 290 285
Métis single ancestry 70 15 55
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 15 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,500 1,175 1,320
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,455 1,155 1,300
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,025 955 1,065
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 370 160 210
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 65 40 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 40 25 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 40 20 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 64,980 31,425 33,555
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 68,175 32,915 35,260
Canadian citizens77 63,340 30,230 33,110
Canadian citizens aged under 18 11,075 5,700 5,375
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 52,255 24,530 27,730
Not Canadian citizens78 4,840 2,690 2,150
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 68,175 32,915 35,260
Non-immigrants80 60,985 29,075 31,910
Immigrants81 5,535 2,825 2,710
Before 1980 970 475 490
1980 to 1990 255 140 115
1991 to 2000 315 175 140
2001 to 2010 745 380 365
2011 to 202182 3,250 1,660 1,590
2011 to 2015 760 350 410
2016 to 2021 2,490 1,310 1,180
Non-permanent residents83 1,660 1,010 645
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 5,535 2,825 2,705
Under 5 years 615 325 285
5 to 14 years 1,195 585 610
15 to 24 years 830 440 395
25 to 44 years 2,330 1,150 1,175
45 years and over 565 330 240
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 5,535 2,825 2,705
Americas 685 365 325
Brazil 20 15 0
Colombia 15 0 10
El Salvador 10 10 0
Guyana 35 0 30
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 15 10
Mexico 50 15 30
Peru 15 10 0
Trinidad and Tobago 40 25 15
United States of America 315 185 130
Other places of birth in Americas 160 75 80
Europe 1,175 580 595
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 10 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 75 20 50
Greece 40 25 15
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 20 0 20
Netherlands 35 15 25
Poland 20 10 10
Portugal 30 25 0
Romania 55 25 25
Russian Federation 50 30 20
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 85 30 50
United Kingdom87 600 300 300
Other places of birth in Europe 135 70 60
Africa 680 365 320
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 35 25 10
Egypt 95 50 45
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 185 75 110
Somalia 55 25 30
South Africa, Republic of 45 15 30
Other places of birth in Africa 245 145 100
Asia 2,975 1,510 1,470
Afghanistan 25 10 15
Iran88 140 80 65
Iraq 10 0 10
Lebanon 65 50 15
Syria89 725 400 325
Turkey 35 25 10
China90 435 215 220
Hong Kong91 25 25 0
Korea, South92 95 40 55
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 440 180 260
Viet Nam 85 50 35
Bangladesh 50 25 20
India 385 210 175
Pakistan 155 70 90
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 295 125 170
Oceania and other places of birth93 10 10 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 2,490 1,310 1,180
Americas 155 85 70
Brazil 15 10 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 15 15 0
Mexico 25 10 20
United States of America 40 25 15
Venezuela95 15 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 35 20 20
Europe 115 55 60
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 25 15 10
Ukraine 25 10 20
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 60 30 25
Africa 485 260 220
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 10 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 30 20 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 70 40 30
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 170 70 100
Somalia 40 20 20
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 55 35 25
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 55 30 20
Asia 1,740 910 825
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 40 20 15
China90 205 110 95
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 235 140 100
Iran88 50 35 20
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 25 20 0
Korea, South92 15 0 10
Lebanon 30 25 0
Nepal 15 10 0
Pakistan 50 20 30
Philippines 260 100 160
Saudi Arabia 20 10 10
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 615 340 270
Turkey 20 15 10
United Arab Emirates 50 20 30
Viet Nam 30 15 10
Other places of birth in Asia 40 20 25
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 68,180 32,915 35,265
First generation100 7,640 4,045 3,585
Second generation101 4,465 2,115 2,350
Third generation or more102 56,075 26,750 29,325
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 4,570 2,355 2,215
Economic immigrants104 2,710 1,375 1,335
Principal applicants105 1,095 725 370
Secondary applicants106 1,620 650 965
Immigrants sponsored by family107 645 280 365
Refugees108 1,200 690 510
Other immigrants109 10 10 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 4,570 2,355 2,215
Asylum claim before admission111 75 50 25
Work permits only before admission112 450 230 220
Study permits only before admission113 180 85 100
Work and study permits before admission114 335 235 105
Other permits before admission115 35 25 10
No pre-admission experience116 3,490 1,735 1,750
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 68,180 32,915 35,265
Total visible minority population118 7,405 3,840 3,570
South Asian 1,605 975 630
Chinese 945 450 490
Black 1,820 885 935
Filipino 635 285 355
Arab 1,050 570 480
Latin American 345 150 190
Southeast Asian 265 135 135
West Asian 260 155 105
Korean 180 85 100
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 70 40 30
Multiple visible minorities 215 105 110
Not a visible minority120 60,770 29,075 31,690
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 68,180 32,915 35,260
Canadian 13,085 6,405 6,680
English 16,425 7,625 8,800
Irish 20,115 9,025 11,090
Scottish 14,675 6,920 7,750
French, n.o.s.122 11,365 5,275 6,090
German 3,295 1,500 1,790
Chinese 1,005 490 515
Italian 880 405 475
Indian (India) 1,065 585 480
Ukrainian 515 235 280
Dutch 1,390 705 690
Polish 425 230 195
Québécois 80 25 50
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,630 765 865
Filipino 600 270 330
French Canadian 710 345 360
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 3,495 1,740 1,760
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,125 550 580
Métis 490 205 285
European, n.o.s.126 1,060 530 525
Russian 305 115 185
Norwegian 395 185 215
Welsh 1,295 630 665
Portuguese 190 70 120
American 575 250 325
Spanish 320 145 175
Swedish 345 165 180
Hungarian 125 80 45
Acadian 2,885 1,315 1,565
Pakistani 230 130 100
African, n.o.s.127 510 260 245
Jewish 230 90 140
Punjabi 50 35 10
Vietnamese 155 75 75
Arab, n.o.s.128 520 280 245
Greek 275 140 140
Jamaican 75 40 30
Asian, n.o.s.129 200 105 95
Cree, n.o.s.130 100 50 50
Korean 185 90 95
Romanian 100 50 55
Lebanese 620 285 335
Iranian 140 75 65
Christian, n.i.e.131 160 75 85
Danish 405 205 205
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 415 195 215
Sikh 65 60 0
Austrian 120 60 65
Belgian 110 55 50
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 110 80 25
Mexican 115 50 65
Mennonite 45 20 25
Swiss 70 20 50
Finnish 195 105 90
Sri Lankan 35 20 10
Croatian 40 15 25
Japanese 40 20 20
South Asian, n.o.s.133 35 20 10
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 685 335 350
Northern European, n.o.s.135 260 125 140
Muslim 135 90 45
Egyptian 70 40 30
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 45 20 25
Tamil 25 15 10
Icelandic 15 15 0
Colombian 25 15 15
Moroccan 10 0 10
Czech 30 10 20
Syrian 565 300 265
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 30 15 10
Black, n.o.s.137 300 100 195
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 55 15 40
Newfoundlander 295 140 155
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 45 30 15
Persian 50 30 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 45 20 20
Turkish 70 40 25
Inuit, n.o.s.138 115 45 70
Bangladeshi 45 25 20
Algerian 15 15 0
Brazilian 75 45 30
Nigerian 145 50 85
Armenian 35 25 10
Slovak 30 0 25
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 45 25 20
Somali 90 40 50
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 10