Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Charlottetown, City (CY)More information:
Prince Edward Island
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 38,809 ... ...
Population, 20161 36,094 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 18,364 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 17,184 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 876.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 44.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 38,810 18,645 20,165
0 to 14 years 5,145 2,650 2,490
0 to 4 years 1,495 775 725
5 to 9 years 1,710 895 815
10 to 14 years 1,935 980 955
15 to 64 years 25,505 12,510 12,995
15 to 19 years 2,085 1,050 1,035
20 to 24 years 4,085 2,180 1,905
25 to 29 years 3,055 1,600 1,455
30 to 34 years 2,470 1,205 1,270
35 to 39 years 2,255 1,095 1,160
40 to 44 years 2,205 985 1,225
45 to 49 years 2,235 1,060 1,175
50 to 54 years 2,270 1,060 1,210
55 to 59 years 2,435 1,150 1,280
60 to 64 years 2,400 1,110 1,290
65 years and over 8,160 3,485 4,675
65 to 69 years 2,360 1,120 1,235
70 to 74 years 2,110 945 1,160
75 to 79 years 1,420 610 805
80 to 84 years 1,055 415 640
85 years and over 1,215 395 825
85 to 89 years 695 255 445
90 to 94 years 375 115 265
95 to 99 years 130 25 100
100 years and over 15 0 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.3 14.2 12.3
15 to 64 years 65.7 67.1 64.4
65 years and over 21.0 18.7 23.2
85 years and over 3.1 2.1 4.1
Average age of the population 42.4 40.6 44.1
Median age of the population 40.8 38.0 43.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 17,180 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,480 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,560 ... ...
Row house 570 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 550 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,700 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 45 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 260 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 17,185 ... ...
1 person 6,110 ... ...
2 persons 5,860 ... ...
3 persons 2,470 ... ...
4 persons 1,790 ... ...
5 or more persons 945 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 37,600 18,130 19,470
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 33,660 15,990 17,675
Married or living common-law 16,455 8,200 8,255
Married 13,280 6,620 6,660
Living common-law 3,170 1,580 1,595
Living common law - Never married 2,485 1,220 1,265
Living common law - Separated 110 70 40
Living common law - Divorced 500 260 240
Living common law - Widowed 75 35 45
Not married and not living common-law 17,210 7,795 9,415
Not married and not living common law - Never married 11,970 6,250 5,715
Not married and not living common law - Separated 940 365 570
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,080 710 1,370
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,220 465 1,760
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 9,665 ... ...
2 persons 5,430 ... ...
3 persons 2,030 ... ...
4 persons 1,540 ... ...
5 or more persons 670 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 9,670 ... ...
Total couple families 7,920 ... ...
Married couples 6,335 ... ...
With children6 3,130 ... ...
Without children 3,205 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,585 ... ...
With children6 505 ... ...
Without children 1,080 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,745 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,395 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 350 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 37,600 18,130 19,470
Total - Persons in census families 26,705 13,065 13,640
Married spouses or common-law partners 15,840 7,895 7,945
Parents in one-parent families 1,750 355 1,400
Children6 9,120 4,820 4,300
In a two-parent family 6,580 3,450 3,135
In a one-parent family 2,535 1,365 1,170
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 10,890 5,065 5,830
Living alone 6,115 2,415 3,700
Living with other relatives7 900 380 525
Living with non-relatives only 3,875 2,265 1,610
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 17,185 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 8,785 ... ...
Couple-family households 7,330 ... ...
With children6 3,385 ... ...
Without children 3,945 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,450 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 205 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 60 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 455 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,560 ... ...
One-person households 6,115 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 32,470 15,480 16,985
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,060 14,765 16,295
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 38,400 35,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,065 14,765 16,295
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 34,000 32,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 28,040 13,545 14,500
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,800 32,800 27,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 22,780 11,440 11,345
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,600 31,000 28,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,370 11,460 13,910
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,400 10,800 12,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,655 2,360 2,295
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,840 6,000 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,920 4,400 4,520
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 32,465 15,480 16,985
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,070 14,790 16,275
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,160 49,720 42,880
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,070 14,790 16,275
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,480 40,880 36,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 28,085 13,545 14,540
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400 44,920 36,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 22,780 11,340 11,440
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,320 42,040 36,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,395 11,495 13,900
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,780 11,090 12,350
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,705 2,290 2,410
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,770 7,130 6,430
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,945 4,395 4,545
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,650 8,640 8,670
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 32,465 15,480 16,985
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 10,455 5,480 4,975
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,400 53,600 50,800
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 61,500 64,300 58,450
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,505 4,500 5,005
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 15,000 15,800 14,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,280 22,260 20,400
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 79.2 82.6 75.4
Employment income (%)19 62.5 64.8 60.0
Government transfers (%)20 20.8 17.3 24.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.2 2.2 2.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.3 5.9 6.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.4 5.2 5.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 32,465 15,480 16,985
Without total income 1,405 715 695
With total income 31,060 14,765 16,295
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,435 1,110 1,330
$10,000 to $19,999 3,595 1,545 2,050
$20,000 to $29,999 5,820 2,575 3,250
$30,000 to $39,999 5,235 2,505 2,730
$40,000 to $49,999 3,790 1,730 2,060
$50,000 to $59,999 2,960 1,390 1,565
$60,000 to $69,999 2,055 1,075 980
$70,000 to $79,999 1,395 750 650
$80,000 to $89,999 1,100 570 530
$90,000 to $99,999 790 350 440
$100,000 and over 1,885 1,160 725
$100,000 to $149,999 1,265 745 525
$150,000 and over 620 420 200
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 32,465 15,480 16,985
Without after-tax income 1,400 710 690
With after-tax income 31,060 14,765 16,295
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,595 1,155 1,440
$10,000 to $19,999 3,830 1,675 2,160
$20,000 to $29,999 7,095 3,235 3,860
$30,000 to $39,999 6,030 2,850 3,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,125 1,925 2,200
$50,000 to $59,999 2,760 1,410 1,350
$60,000 to $69,999 1,740 895 845
$70,000 to $79,999 1,130 555 580
$80,000 to $89,999 585 315 270
$90,000 to $99,999 315 180 135
$100,000 and over 855 580 280
$100,000 to $124,999 420 275 150
$125,000 and over 430 305 130
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 32,465 15,480 16,985
Without employment income 9,685 4,045 5,640
With employment income 22,780 11,435 11,345
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,050 1,410 1,645
$5,000 to $9,999 2,215 1,015 1,200
$10,000 to $19,999 3,530 1,765 1,760
$20,000 to $29,999 2,715 1,410 1,305
$30,000 to $39,999 2,560 1,275 1,285
$40,000 to $49,999 2,095 1,055 1,040
$50,000 to $59,999 1,745 840 910
$60,000 to $69,999 1,250 695 555
$70,000 to $79,999 930 505 430
$80,000 to $89,999 805 380 425
$90,000 to $99,999 600 280 320
$100,000 and over 1,280 810 470
$100,000 to $124,999 600 350 250
$125,000 and over 680 460 225
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 32,470 15,480 16,985
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,405 14,440 15,965
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 35,200 31,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,420 14,440 15,980
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,000 31,400 28,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 27,690 13,350 14,340
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,200 31,600 27,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 22,855 11,450 11,405
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,400 29,600 27,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 22,465 9,920 12,550
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,050 5,720 7,750
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 3,890 2,025 1,870
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,080 6,800 5,480
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 32,465 15,480 16,985
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,380 14,475 15,910
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,840 46,400 39,640
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,390 14,475 15,915
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,720 38,120 33,520
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 27,625 13,345 14,280
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,960 44,360 35,840
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 22,720 11,350 11,380
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,920 41,560 36,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 22,280 9,855 12,435
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,900 8,110 9,530
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,805 1,880 1,925
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,520 7,750 7,290
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 32,465 15,480 16,985
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 10,345 5,445 4,900
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 49,200 50,000 48,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 57,550 60,250 54,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,880 4,240 4,640
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600 17,800 17,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,960 26,200 23,840
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 84.8 88.0 81.2
Employment income (%) 68.0 70.2 65.4
Government transfers (%) 15.2 11.9 18.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.2 2.2 2.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 17,185 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 58,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 6,115 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 11,070 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 77,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 17,180 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 83,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,090 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,080 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 11,095 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 105,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 17,185 ... ...
Under $5,000 265 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 145 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 335 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 440 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,065 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 760 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 775 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 795 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 840 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,565 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,380 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,190 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,070 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 940 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,870 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,700 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,120 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,170 ... ...
$200,000 and over 885 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 17,185 ... ...
Under $5,000 280 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 145 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 345 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 460 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,185 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 925 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 945 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,010 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 980 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 915 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,730 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,310 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,075 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 870 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,500 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,565 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 840 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,095 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 9,795 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 4,090 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 3,650 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,660 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,400 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 9,990 4,685 5,305
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,400 32,000 32,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,800 29,600 30,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 9,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 106,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,115 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 100,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 82,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,620 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 134,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,690 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,150 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 9,910 4,690 5,220
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 38,720 38,360 39,040
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,280 32,800 33,680
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 37,605 18,130 19,470
0 to 17 years 6,285 3,235 3,045
0 to 5 years 1,795 930 865
18 to 64 years 24,025 11,705 12,325
65 years and over 7,290 3,185 4,105
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,550 2,970 3,585
0 to 17 years 1,395 745 650
0 to 5 years 390 210 180
18 to 64 years 3,810 1,745 2,065
65 years and over 1,345 485 870
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.4 16.4 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 23.0 21.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.7 22.6 20.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 14.9 16.8
65 years and over (%) 18.5 15.1 21.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 37,600 18,130 19,470
0 to 17 years 6,285 3,240 3,045
0 to 5 years 1,795 930 865
18 to 64 years 24,025 11,705 12,320
65 years and over 7,290 3,190 4,100
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,040 1,495 1,545
0 to 17 years 530 285 245
0 to 5 years 140 75 65
18 to 64 years 2,375 1,150 1,225
65 years and over 140 65 80
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.3 8.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.4 8.8 8.0
0 to 5 years (%) 7.9 8.0 7.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.8 9.9
65 years and over (%) 1.9 2.0 1.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 37,600 18,130 19,470
In bottom half of the distribution 24,080 11,510 12,575
In bottom decile 6,390 3,045 3,345
In second decile 5,550 2,645 2,905
In third decile 4,475 2,120 2,360
In fourth decile 3,975 1,885 2,090
In fifth decile 3,690 1,810 1,885
In top half of the distribution 13,520 6,625 6,900
In sixth decile 3,355 1,645 1,705
In seventh decile 3,010 1,440 1,575
In eighth decile 2,705 1,325 1,385
In ninth decile 2,385 1,165 1,220
In top decile 2,060 1,045 1,015
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 37,600 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.344 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.464 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.302 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 37,845 18,290 19,560
English only 32,370 15,965 16,405
French only 30 15 15
English and French 4,940 2,070 2,870
Neither English nor French 505 240 265
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 37,845 18,290 19,560
English 36,450 17,660 18,795
French 700 305 390
English and French 205 90 115
Neither English nor French 490 230 255
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 37,845 18,290 19,560
Single responses 36,815 17,760 19,055
Official languages 30,440 14,440 16,000
English 29,750 14,140 15,605
French 695 305 390
Non-official languages 6,370 3,320 3,055
Indigenous languages39 10 0 5
Algonquian languages 10 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 5
Mi'kmaq 10 0 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,365 3,315 3,050
Afro-Asiatic languages 745 405 345
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 70 30 35
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 70 30 35
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 675 370 305
Amharic 5 5 5
Arabic 660 360 295
Aramaic languages 10 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 220 240
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5
Vietnamese 455 220 240
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 260 115 145
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Cebuano 15 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 5 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 220 95 125
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 30 10 20
Haitian Creole 5 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 335 200 140
Kannada 10 5 5
Malayalam 265 160 105
Tamil 20 15 5
Telugu 35 20 15
Tulu 0 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,560 1,425 1,135
Albanian 100 55 50
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 225 100 125
Baltic languages 5 5 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 5 0
Slavic languages 225 100 125
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 10
Russian 145 60 85
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 20
Bosnian 15 5 5
Croatian 10 5 5
Serbian 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5
Ukrainian 20 5 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 140 65 75
Frisian 5 5 0
High German languages 55 30 30
German 50 25 30
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 65 25 40
Afrikaans 5 5 0
Dutch 55 20 35
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 5
Danish 5 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,695 1,010 690
Indo-Aryan languages 1,570 940 625
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 110 70 35
Gujarati 225 165 60
Hindi 160 95 60
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 175 80 95
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 775 460 315
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 20
Urdu 55 35 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Iranian languages 130 70 60
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 130 70 60
Dari 10 5 5
Iranian Persian 100 50 50
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20 10 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 385 190 195
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 15 10 5
Portuguese 85 40 45
Romanian 20 10 10
Spanish 265 125 135
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 60 10 50
Korean 50 25 25
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 95 50 45
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 0
Gikuyu 10 0 5
Igbo 5 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 15 5 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 5 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 5 0
American Sign Language 0 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,675 815 860
Chinese languages 1,620 780 835
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,400 665 735
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 5
Yue (Cantonese) 165 85 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 30 20
Burmese 10 5 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 35 20 15
S'gaw Karen 35 20 15
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 45 25 20
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 40 25 20
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 5 15
Estonian 5 5 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 15 5 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Multiple responses 1,035 535 505
English and French 230 95 135
English and non-official language(s) 690 375 310
French and non-official language(s) 20 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 10 15
Multiple non-official languages 70 40 35
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 37,845 18,290 19,560
English 30,275 14,420 15,855
French 160 70 90
Non-official language 2,510 1,310 1,200
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 2,510 1,310 1,200
English and French 630 260 365
English and non-official language(s) 3,920 2,045 1,870
French and non-official language(s) 25 15 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 190 95 95
Multiple non-official languages 145 75 65
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 37,845 18,290 19,560
Single responses 36,795 17,770 19,020
Official languages 32,280 15,410 16,870
English 32,020 15,300 16,720
French 260 110 150
Non-official languages 4,515 2,365 2,150
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,515 2,365 2,150
Afro-Asiatic languages 520 270 250
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 20 25
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 45 20 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 475 250 225
Amharic 5 0 0
Arabic 465 245 220
Aramaic languages 5 0 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 235 225
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 445 230 215
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 155 80 80
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 10 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 65 65
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 15 10 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 0 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 255 150 105
Kannada 10 5 5
Malayalam 210 125 90
Tamil 20 10 5
Telugu 20 10 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,585 880 710
Albanian 65 40 30
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 140 65 75
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 140 65 75
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 110 45 60
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10
Bosnian 5 5 5
Croatian 5 5 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0
Ukrainian 10 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 25 15 15
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 5 0 5
German 5 0 0
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 10 5
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 5 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 0 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,155 670 485
Indo-Aryan languages 1,070 635 440
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 70 45 25
Gujarati 160 120 40
Hindi 85 50 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 0 0
Nepali 115 55 60
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 575 330 250
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
Urdu 20 10 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Iranian languages 75 35 45
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 75 35 45
Dari 5 5 5
Iranian Persian 65 25 35
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 5 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 195 90 105
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 5
Portuguese 40 15 25
Romanian 15 5 5
Spanish 145 65 80
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 10
Korean 30 15 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 0 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,395 690 705
Chinese languages 1,360 675 690
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,220 600 620
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5
Yue (Cantonese) 120 65 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 25 10 10
S'gaw Karen 25 10 10
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40 20 20
Azerbaijani 5 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 30 15 15
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,055 520 535
English and French 130 50 75
English and non-official language(s) 885 450 440
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 15 10 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 37,845 18,290 19,555
None 33,795 16,210 17,585
English 1,645 840 805
French 470 215 260
Non-official language 1,370 715 655
Indigenous39 15 10 5
Non-Indigenous 1,355 710 645
English and French 30 10 20
English and non-official language(s) 275 160 115
French and non-official language(s) 85 45 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 170 95 75
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 37,600 18,130 19,470
Official languages 37,120 17,910 19,215
English 37,080 17,890 19,190
French 4,970 2,105 2,860
Non-official languages 8,200 4,290 3,915
Indigenous languages39 40 30 10
Algonquian languages 40 30 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 25 10
Mi'kmaq 35 25 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 8,175 4,265 3,910
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,000 580 415
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0 0
Hausa 10 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 60 40 20
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 60 40 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 945 550 395
Amharic 10 10 0
Arabic 915 535 385
Aramaic languages 40 25 15
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 40 25 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 10 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 565 265 300
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 565 265 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 435 165 270
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 10
Ilocano 10 0 0
Indonesian 15 10 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 15 0 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 410 155 255
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Creole languages 120 50 70
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 60 30 30
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 45 15 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 480 260 220
Kannada 30 15 15
Malayalam 390 210 180
Tamil 85 40 45
Telugu 45 30 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,540 1,905 1,635
Albanian 125 75 55
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 255 120 130
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 250 120 130
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 50 25 25
Russian 155 75 85
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 60 30 30
Bosnian 35 15 20
Croatian 25 10 15
Serbian 15 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 20 10 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 15 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 270 120 150
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 155 80 80
German 155 75 80
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 80 40 50
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 80 40 50
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 40 10 30
Danish 25 10 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 15 0 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 10
Indo-Iranian languages 2,170 1,300 870
Indo-Aryan languages 1,970 1,205 765
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 170 125 45
Gujarati 230 180 55
Hindi 1,060 670 390
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 35 25 10
Nepali 165 75 90
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 860 520 345
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 35 30
Urdu 120 65 55
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 40 35 10
Iranian languages 200 95 105
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 200 95 105
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 170 80 90
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 775 340 435
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 90 65 25
Portuguese 160 65 100
Romanian 25 0 20
Spanish 555 245 315
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0
Japanese 155 60 90
Korean 35 20 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 195 135 60
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 35 15
Lingala 10 10 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 25 20 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 35 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 0 10
American Sign Language 20 0 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,900 955 945
Chinese languages 1,840 925 915
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,750 870 880
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 230 135 95
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 35 30
Burmese 30 15 15
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 40 20 20
S'gaw Karen 40 20 20
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 25 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 65 25 45
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 40 10 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 35 10 25
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 37,600 18,130 19,475
Indigenous identity45 745 365 380
Single Indigenous responses46 715 355 360
First Nations (North American Indian) 505 245 260
Métis 170 85 90
Inuk (Inuit) 35 30 15
Multiple Indigenous responses47 0 0 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 30 10 15
Non-Indigenous identity 36,855 17,760 19,095
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 37,600 18,130 19,475
Registered or Treaty Indian49 265 135 130
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 37,335 17,995 19,340
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 17,185 ... ...
Owner 7,875 ... ...
Renter 9,310 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 17,185 ... ...
Condominium 825 ... ...
Not condominium 16,355 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 17,185 ... ...
No bedrooms 125 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,885 ... ...
2 bedrooms 5,735 ... ...
3 bedrooms 5,165 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 3,275 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 17,185 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,580 ... ...
5 rooms 2,880 ... ...
6 rooms 2,365 ... ...
7 rooms 1,640 ... ...
8 or more rooms 3,720 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.6 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 17,185 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 16,900 ... ...
More than one person per room 280 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 17,185 ... ...
Suitable 16,365 ... ...
Not suitable 820 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 17,185 ... ...
1960 or before 3,580 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,030 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,300 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,905 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,010 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,130 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,160 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,070 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 17,185 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 16,210 ... ...
Major repairs needed 975 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 17,185 ... ...
One-maintainer household 9,145 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 7,025 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,015 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 17,185 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,355 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,555 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,485 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,740 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,020 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,910 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,610 ... ...
85 years and over 510 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 17,085 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 13,035 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 4,045 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 3,700 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 17,185 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 5,380 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,630 ... ...
Not suitable only 640 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 660 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 140 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 275 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 35 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 11,800 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 16,740 ... ...
In core need 1,500 ... ...
Not in core need 15,235 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 7,875 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 59.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 12.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,150 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,266 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 348,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 378,800 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 9,310 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 16.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 13.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 980 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,061 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 37,600 18,130 19,470
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 335 165 165
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 335 165 165
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 280 145 140
Métis single ancestry 55 25 25
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 795 335 460
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 785 330 460
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 585 235 355
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 140 55 80
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55 30 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 36,475 17,625 18,845
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 37,600 18,130 19,470
Canadian citizens77 31,115 14,610 16,500
Canadian citizens aged under 18 5,200 2,605 2,590
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,915 12,000 13,910
Not Canadian citizens78 6,490 3,515 2,970
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 37,600 18,130 19,470
Non-immigrants80 29,090 13,665 15,425
Immigrants81 5,250 2,635 2,615
Before 1980 470 220 245
1980 to 1990 160 95 70
1991 to 2000 290 110 180
2001 to 2010 785 390 400
2011 to 202182 3,545 1,825 1,720
2011 to 2015 855 395 460
2016 to 2021 2,685 1,425 1,255
Non-permanent residents83 3,260 1,825 1,430
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 5,245 2,635 2,615
Under 5 years 380 205 180
5 to 14 years 1,110 630 480
15 to 24 years 860 425 435
25 to 44 years 2,190 985 1,210
45 years and over 705 390 315
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 5,245 2,635 2,615
Americas 560 285 275
Brazil 35 20 10
Colombia 30 10 25
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 100 45 55
Mexico 15 0 10
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 0
United States of America 275 130 145
Other places of birth in Americas 85 60 20
Europe 750 335 415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 15 15
Croatia 0 0 0
France 20 0 15
Germany 35 10 20
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 20 10 10
Italy 35 20 20
Netherlands 45 20 25
Poland 20 15 0
Portugal 15 10 10
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 60 15 40
Serbia86 10 0 10
Ukraine 20 15 0
United Kingdom87 245 115 130
Other places of birth in Europe 180 80 95
Africa 260 140 120
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 35 15 15
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 35 10 25
Somalia 25 15 10
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 10
Other places of birth in Africa 130 75 50
Asia 3,645 1,855 1,790
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 110 55 50
Iraq 55 35 20
Lebanon 115 75 40
Syria89 345 190 155
Turkey 15 10 10
China90 1,030 515 515
Hong Kong91 75 50 20
Korea, South92 25 10 20
Taiwan 80 40 40
Philippines 315 125 190
Viet Nam 405 200 205
Bangladesh 75 45 30
India 525 285 240
Pakistan 55 30 25
Sri Lanka 50 25 20
Other places of birth in Asia 345 155 195
Oceania and other places of birth93 35 15 15
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 2,690 1,430 1,260
Americas 230 120 115
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 25 10 15
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 85 30 50
Mexico 10 0 0
United States of America 35 15 25
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 55 40 10
Europe 170 80 90
France 15 0 10
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 20 0 10
Russian Federation 35 10 25
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 45 25 20
Other places of birth in Europe 35 20 20
Africa 125 60 65
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 25 10 15
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 30 10 15
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 30 20 10
Asia 2,140 1,165 980
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 30 15 15
China90 705 370 335
Hong Kong91 45 30 10
India 425 235 185
Iran88 10 0 10
Iraq 40 25 15
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 10 10 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 20 20 0
Nepal 20 10 10
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 125 65 60
Saudi Arabia 10 10 10
Sri Lanka 25 10 10
Syria89 175 105 70
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 20 10 15
Viet Nam 385 195 190
Other places of birth in Asia 70 40 30
Oceania and other93 20 10 0
Australia 15 10 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 37,600 18,130 19,470
First generation100 8,800 4,615 4,185
Second generation101 3,035 1,440 1,600
Third generation or more102 25,765 12,080 13,690
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 4,775 2,410 2,365
Economic immigrants104 3,600 1,850 1,750
Principal applicants105 1,465 805 660
Secondary applicants106 2,135 1,045 1,090
Immigrants sponsored by family107 390 165 225
Refugees108 760 380 380
Other immigrants109 30 20 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 4,775 2,410 2,365
Asylum claim before admission111 15 0 10
Work permits only before admission112 520 235 285
Study permits only before admission113 225 115 110
Work and study permits before admission114 495 265 225
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 3,530 1,790 1,730
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 37,600 18,130 19,475
Total visible minority population118 8,190 4,385 3,800
South Asian 2,390 1,465 920
Chinese 1,890 950 945
Black 1,090 595 495
Filipino 450 170 285
Arab 855 480 375
Latin American 240 125 110
Southeast Asian 745 340 400
West Asian 220 115 110
Korean 60 30 30
Japanese 85 15 70
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 85 50 35
Multiple visible minorities 80 55 25
Not a visible minority120 29,415 13,745 15,665
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 37,600 18,130 19,470
Canadian 4,595 2,250 2,350
English 7,905 3,610 4,300
Irish 10,140 4,620 5,520
Scottish 11,650 5,195 6,450
French, n.o.s.122 4,120 1,870 2,255
German 1,520 625 890
Chinese 1,765 885 875
Italian 450 220 230
Indian (India) 1,465 950 510
Ukrainian 305 155 150
Dutch 850 350 500
Polish 345 140 205
Québécois 60 40 20
British Isles, n.o.s.123 705 320 385
Filipino 370 140 235
French Canadian 260 95 160
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,320 605 710
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 315 125 185
Métis 200 90 110
European, n.o.s.126 590 260 325
Russian 220 100 120
Norwegian 140 60 80
Welsh 540 265 270
Portuguese 130 65 70
American 250 110 145
Spanish 215 130 85
Swedish 70 25 45
Hungarian 145 85 60
Acadian 1,460 705 750
Pakistani 85 55 35
African, n.o.s.127 310 150 165
Jewish 95 40 55
Punjabi 185 65 120
Vietnamese 510 220 290
Arab, n.o.s.128 345 210 135
Greek 25 0 15
Jamaican 205 110 95
Asian, n.o.s.129 220 120 100
Cree, n.o.s.130 20 15 10
Korean 70 35 30
Romanian 45 15 30
Lebanese 415 195 225
Iranian 120 55 70
Christian, n.i.e.131 145 65 80
Danish 210 120 90
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 145 65 80
Sikh 135 80 55
Austrian 30 20 10
Belgian 60 20 40
Haitian 20 10 10
Hindu 215 130 90
Mexican 90 60 30
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 75 25 55
Finnish 10 10 0
Sri Lankan 70 45 30
Croatian 35 10 30
Japanese 85 15 70
South Asian, n.o.s.133 120 75 45
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 290 120 170
Northern European, n.o.s.135 120 55 65
Muslim 15 0 10
Egyptian 20 20 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 50 15 35
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 60 45 15
Colombian 30 0 25
Moroccan 20 20 0
Czech 15 0 10
Syrian 295 135 160
Guyanese 10 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 95 55 40
Serbian 15 10 0
Ojibway 20 0 15
Newfoundlander 60 35 20
Hong Konger 85 55 35
Ontarian 40 15 25
Persian 60 35 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 25 15 15
Inuit, n.o.s.138 60 35 25
Bangladeshi 90 65 25
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 115 45 65
Nigerian 100 40 60
Armenian 10 10 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 40 20 20
Somali 60 40 20
Taiwanese 85 40 45
Iraqi 15 0