Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Age
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Education
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Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
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Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
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Work activity during the reference year
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
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GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic St. John's, City (CY)More information:
Newfoundland and Labrador
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 110,525 ... ...
Population, 20161 108,860 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 1.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 54,067 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 49,298 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 247.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 446.02 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 110,525 53,515 57,010
0 to 14 years 14,550 7,490 7,060
0 to 4 years 4,425 2,310 2,115
5 to 9 years 4,915 2,505 2,415
10 to 14 years 5,205 2,670 2,530
15 to 64 years 74,255 36,660 37,600
15 to 19 years 5,385 2,780 2,605
20 to 24 years 8,375 4,390 3,980
25 to 29 years 8,205 4,160 4,045
30 to 34 years 8,090 4,015 4,080
35 to 39 years 7,715 3,910 3,805
40 to 44 years 7,185 3,515 3,670
45 to 49 years 6,590 3,200 3,390
50 to 54 years 7,120 3,390 3,730
55 to 59 years 7,955 3,700 4,250
60 to 64 years 7,635 3,595 4,045
65 years and over 21,720 9,365 12,355
65 to 69 years 6,725 3,150 3,570
70 to 74 years 5,740 2,535 3,200
75 to 79 years 4,145 1,795 2,350
80 to 84 years 2,705 1,115 1,585
85 years and over 2,410 765 1,650
85 to 89 years 1,475 525 945
90 to 94 years 700 180 515
95 to 99 years 220 50 170
100 years and over 20 5 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.2 14.0 12.4
15 to 64 years 67.2 68.5 66.0
65 years and over 19.7 17.5 21.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.4 2.9
Average age of the population 42.8 41.3 44.2
Median age of the population 42.0 40.0 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 49,300 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,865 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,095 ... ...
Row house 5,115 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 12,895 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,555 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 540 ... ...
Other single-attached house 120 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 120 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 49,295 ... ...
1 person 16,605 ... ...
2 persons 17,655 ... ...
3 persons 7,465 ... ...
4 persons 5,395 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,175 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,655 51,980 55,675
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 95,980 46,025 49,955
Married or living common-law 48,595 24,255 24,340
Married 37,910 18,915 18,995
Living common-law 10,690 5,340 5,345
Living common law - Never married 8,605 4,255 4,350
Living common law - Separated 270 150 125
Living common law - Divorced 1,620 845 775
Living common law - Widowed 190 90 100
Not married and not living common-law 47,380 21,770 25,610
Not married and not living common law - Never married 32,920 17,335 15,590
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,265 910 1,350
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 6,415 2,360 4,050
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,780 1,160 4,620
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 29,650 ... ...
2 persons 16,865 ... ...
3 persons 6,560 ... ...
4 persons 4,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,455 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 29,650 ... ...
Total couple families 23,720 ... ...
Married couples 18,375 ... ...
With children6 9,100 ... ...
Without children 9,275 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,345 ... ...
With children6 1,600 ... ...
Without children 3,740 ... ...
Total one-parent families 5,930 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 4,780 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,150 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 107,655 51,980 55,675
Total - Persons in census families 80,235 39,240 40,995
Married spouses or common-law partners 47,440 23,685 23,755
Parents in one-parent families 5,930 1,155 4,780
Children6 26,865 14,405 12,460
In a two-parent family 18,245 9,715 8,530
In a one-parent family 8,620 4,690 3,930
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,420 12,740 14,685
Living alone 16,605 6,815 9,795
Living with other relatives7 2,895 1,250 1,645
Living with non-relatives only 7,920 4,675 3,245
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 49,300 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 26,880 ... ...
Couple-family households 21,945 ... ...
With children6 9,945 ... ...
Without children 11,995 ... ...
One-parent-family households 4,935 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 850 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 160 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,240 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 3,560 ... ...
One-person households 16,605 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 93,125 44,500 48,620
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 89,950 42,850 47,100
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000 42,800 38,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 89,975 42,855 47,115
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 37,600 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 77,910 37,645 40,265
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 40,000 31,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 63,990 31,965 32,030
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 39,200 32,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 71,615 31,965 39,645
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,900 11,800 12,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,485 5,975 5,510
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 6,160 6,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,820 12,945 12,875
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 93,020 44,445 48,575
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 89,825 42,795 47,030
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 55,450 62,700 48,840
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 89,855 42,810 47,045
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,600 49,160 40,480
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 77,840 37,440 40,395
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,650 61,450 44,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 63,875 31,780 32,090
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,850 59,300 44,520
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 71,500 31,965 39,535
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,310 11,950 12,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,620 5,875 5,750
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,990 7,760 8,220
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,570 12,620 12,950
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,060 9,020 9,100
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 93,020 44,445 48,575
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 29,995 15,285 14,715
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,000 72,000 60,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 82,600 92,800 72,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 25,125 12,320 12,815
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 15,800 17,000 14,800
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,000 32,120 24,060
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.4 85.8 78.4
Employment income (%)19 66.6 70.2 62.2
Government transfers (%)20 17.7 14.2 21.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.9 1.7 2.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.3 4.7 6.0
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 4.2 5.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 93,125 44,505 48,625
Without total income 3,175 1,655 1,520
With total income 89,955 42,845 47,105
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,940 3,335 3,605
$10,000 to $19,999 10,965 4,895 6,075
$20,000 to $29,999 15,140 6,600 8,540
$30,000 to $39,999 11,860 5,260 6,600
$40,000 to $49,999 10,190 4,345 5,840
$50,000 to $59,999 7,630 3,425 4,205
$60,000 to $69,999 5,915 2,860 3,055
$70,000 to $79,999 4,580 2,310 2,265
$80,000 to $89,999 3,640 1,865 1,770
$90,000 to $99,999 3,070 1,485 1,580
$100,000 and over 10,020 6,450 3,565
$100,000 to $149,999 6,260 3,815 2,450
$150,000 and over 3,755 2,640 1,120
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 93,125 44,505 48,625
Without after-tax income 3,150 1,645 1,505
With after-tax income 89,975 42,855 47,120
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,370 3,440 3,930
$10,000 to $19,999 11,435 5,165 6,270
$20,000 to $29,999 18,090 7,995 10,100
$30,000 to $39,999 14,065 6,170 7,895
$40,000 to $49,999 11,340 5,000 6,335
$50,000 to $59,999 8,105 3,950 4,155
$60,000 to $69,999 5,755 2,900 2,855
$70,000 to $79,999 4,385 2,165 2,215
$80,000 to $89,999 2,645 1,480 1,165
$90,000 to $99,999 1,700 1,075 620
$100,000 and over 5,080 3,510 1,565
$100,000 to $124,999 2,345 1,575 770
$125,000 and over 2,735 1,940 795
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 93,125 44,505 48,625
Without employment income 29,135 12,535 16,595
With employment income 63,995 31,965 32,025
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,185 4,755 5,435
$5,000 to $9,999 5,355 2,540 2,815
$10,000 to $19,999 7,645 3,660 3,990
$20,000 to $29,999 5,790 2,770 3,020
$30,000 to $39,999 5,215 2,465 2,750
$40,000 to $49,999 5,200 2,360 2,845
$50,000 to $59,999 4,385 2,020 2,365
$60,000 to $69,999 3,770 1,905 1,865
$70,000 to $79,999 3,185 1,630 1,560
$80,000 to $89,999 2,845 1,445 1,400
$90,000 to $99,999 2,500 1,190 1,310
$100,000 and over 7,915 5,225 2,690
$100,000 to $124,999 3,255 1,940 1,315
$125,000 and over 4,660 3,285 1,375
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 93,125 44,500 48,620
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 88,160 41,885 46,275
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000 42,000 35,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 88,230 41,900 46,330
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,000 36,800 31,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 77,050 37,185 39,870
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 41,600 32,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 64,395 32,050 32,345
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 40,800 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 63,355 27,505 35,850
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,950 7,450 8,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 9,390 4,775 4,620
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,900 7,150 6,600
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 93,020 44,445 48,575
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 88,095 41,810 46,285
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,800 62,350 46,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 88,145 41,815 46,335
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,760 48,040 37,960
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 76,955 36,910 40,045
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 54,000 64,100 44,720
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 64,400 31,810 32,585
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,800 61,300 44,440
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 63,230 27,480 35,750
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,240 8,800 9,570
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,430 4,695 4,735
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,620 8,510 8,730
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 93,020 44,445 48,575
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 29,830 15,155 14,675
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,000 69,500 56,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 79,100 89,700 68,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 23,575 11,500 12,070
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,800 23,200 19,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,960 41,200 29,040
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.6 90.8 84.0
Employment income (%) 71.6 74.8 68.0
Government transfers (%) 12.3 9.3 16.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.7 1.5 1.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 49,295 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 65,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 16,605 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 32,690 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 49,260 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 101,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 81,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,585 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 50,680 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,720 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 32,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 126,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 101,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 49,295 ... ...
Under $5,000 440 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 595 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,035 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,175 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,470 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,130 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,980 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,095 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,060 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,660 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,440 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,060 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,900 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,495 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,750 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,625 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,510 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,675 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 49,295 ... ...
Under $5,000 485 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,045 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,220 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,715 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,520 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,270 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,565 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,490 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,305 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,360 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,975 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,615 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,585 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,505 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,900 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,340 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 29,930 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 12,265 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 10,845 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 147,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,630 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 24,530 11,490 13,040
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 32,400 34,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,800 29,600 31,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 29,980 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 129,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 103,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,260 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 117,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 93,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,825 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 175,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,670 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 24,455 11,250 13,205
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 44,400 44,040 44,720
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 36,560 37,760
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 107,660 51,980 55,680
0 to 17 years 17,540 9,040 8,495
0 to 5 years 5,410 2,795 2,610
18 to 64 years 70,080 34,165 35,910
65 years and over 20,040 8,770 11,270
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,885 7,290 8,585
0 to 17 years 3,345 1,770 1,580
0 to 5 years 1,150 630 525
18 to 64 years 9,560 4,460 5,100
65 years and over 2,975 1,065 1,910
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.0 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 19.1 19.6 18.6
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 22.4 20.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.1 14.2
65 years and over (%) 14.8 12.1 17.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 107,655 51,980 55,675
0 to 17 years 17,540 9,045 8,495
0 to 5 years 5,405 2,795 2,610
18 to 64 years 70,075 34,165 35,910
65 years and over 20,045 8,770 11,270
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,565 3,950 3,610
0 to 17 years 1,155 635 525
0 to 5 years 405 225 185
18 to 64 years 6,055 3,180 2,875
65 years and over 355 140 215
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 7.6 6.5
0 to 17 years (%) 6.6 7.0 6.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.6 8.0 7.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 9.3 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 1.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 107,660 51,980 55,680
In bottom half of the distribution 56,700 26,670 30,030
In bottom decile 15,735 7,730 8,005
In second decile 11,745 5,305 6,440
In third decile 10,170 4,630 5,545
In fourth decile 9,670 4,500 5,165
In fifth decile 9,380 4,510 4,870
In top half of the distribution 50,955 25,305 25,645
In sixth decile 9,535 4,605 4,930
In seventh decile 9,550 4,730 4,820
In eighth decile 10,035 4,940 5,095
In ninth decile 10,615 5,315 5,305
In top decile 11,220 5,720 5,500
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 107,655 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.372 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.490 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.320 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 108,065 52,270 55,800
English only 97,580 47,860 49,715
French only 45 20 25
English and French 9,910 4,125 5,790
Neither English nor French 530 265 265
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 108,065 52,270 55,800
English 106,690 51,600 55,090
French 695 340 350
English and French 195 90 105
Neither English nor French 490 240 250
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 108,065 52,270 55,800
Single responses 106,395 51,385 55,005
Official languages 99,200 47,480 51,715
English 98,560 47,165 51,390
French 645 315 330
Non-official languages 7,195 3,905 3,290
Indigenous languages39 20 10 10
Algonquian languages 10 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 10 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 7,175 3,890 3,280
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,530 835 695
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0 5
Hausa 5 5 5
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 60 30 30
Bilen 10 5 5
Oromo 30 15 15
Somali 15 5 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Semitic languages 1,465 805 660
Amharic 25 15 15
Arabic 1,260 705 555
Aramaic languages 5 0 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 5
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 160 80 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 35 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 70 35 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 525 230 295
Bikol 5 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 10
Cebuano 15 5 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 15 5 10
Indonesian 15 10 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 435 190 245
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Creole languages 55 35 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 5 5
Morisyen 35 25 10
Sango 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 250 145 110
Kannada 10 10 5
Malayalam 95 60 35
Tamil 100 50 50
Telugu 45 25 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,155 1,815 1,340
Albanian 40 15 30
Armenian 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 305 165 140
Baltic languages 5 5 5
Latvian 5 5 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 295 160 140
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 25 10 10
Czech 20 10 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 45 30 20
Russian 145 75 65
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 15
Bosnian 10 5 5
Croatian 15 5 5
Serbian 25 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5
Ukrainian 15 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 250 145 105
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 115 60 55
German 110 55 50
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 70 35 30
Afrikaans 25 15 10
Dutch 40 25 20
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 65 45 20
Danish 20 15 10
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 25 20 10
Swedish 5 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Greek 25 15 5
Indo-Iranian languages 1,890 1,160 730
Indo-Aryan languages 1,480 940 540
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 535 350 185
Gujarati 120 90 35
Hindi 185 120 60
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 20 10 5
Nepali 40 20 20
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 310 185 125
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 45 25
Urdu 185 115 75
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Iranian languages 410 215 190
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 40 25 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 10 5
Persian languages 355 190 165
Dari 10 5 10
Iranian Persian 310 165 145
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30 15 10
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 615 300 315
Catalan 5 5 0
Italian 40 25 15
Portuguese 140 75 70
Romanian 25 10 15
Spanish 405 190 215
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 10 15
Korean 70 25 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 355 190 170
Akan (Twi) 55 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 0
Éwé 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 20 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 5 0
Ndebele 0 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 30 10 20
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 60 35 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 0 5
Yoruba 85 50 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10
Dinka 10 5 5
Nuer 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 40 20 15
American Sign Language 35 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 965 485 480
Chinese languages 940 470 465
Hakka 5 0 5
Mandarin 700 350 350
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5
Yue (Cantonese) 200 105 90
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10
Burmese 10 5 0
Kuki-Chin languages 10 5 5
Karenic languages 10 5 5
S'gaw Karen 5 5 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 5 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 70 40 30
Azerbaijani 5 5 0
Kazakh 5 5 5
Turkish 45 25 15
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Uralic languages 30 10 20
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 0
Hungarian 25 5 20
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,670 885 790
English and French 360 170 185
English and non-official language(s) 1,135 615 515
French and non-official language(s) 45 25 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 40 15 20
Multiple non-official languages 100 50 45
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 108,065 52,270 55,800
English 98,930 47,505 51,425
French 175 70 100
Non-official language 1,975 1,055 925
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 1,975 1,050 920
English and French 960 420 545
English and non-official language(s) 5,570 2,995 2,580
French and non-official language(s) 30 15 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 285 140 145
Multiple non-official languages 135 70 60
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 108,065 52,270 55,800
Single responses 106,625 51,530 55,090
Official languages 102,535 49,360 53,175
English 102,210 49,220 52,995
French 320 145 175
Non-official languages 4,090 2,175 1,920
Indigenous languages39 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,085 2,170 1,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,035 535 505
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 20 25
Bilen 10 5 5
Oromo 20 10 10
Somali 10 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 995 510 480
Amharic 5 0 5
Arabic 865 455 410
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 110 50 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 25 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 25 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 290 130 160
Bikol 5 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Cebuano 10 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0
Ilocano 5 0 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 110 145
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 35 20 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 15 10 5
Sango 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Dravidian languages 125 70 50
Kannada 5 5 0
Malayalam 50 25 20
Tamil 45 25 20
Telugu 20 15 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,670 935 740
Albanian 25 5 15
Armenian 10 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 120 65 60
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 120 60 60
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 5
Czech 5 5 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 10
Russian 70 30 40
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 65 35 25
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 25 15 10
German 25 15 10
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 25 10 5
Afrikaans 15 10 5
Dutch 5 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 5
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,170 685 485
Indo-Aryan languages 845 520 330
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 300 190 115
Gujarati 55 50 10
Hindi 85 55 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 5
Nepali 35 15 20
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 210 120 85
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 25 15
Urdu 110 70 45
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 320 165 155
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 35 20 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 5
Persian languages 275 140 135
Dari 10 0 10
Iranian Persian 240 120 125
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20 15 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 285 135 150
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5
Portuguese 70 35 40
Romanian 10 5 0
Spanish 200 95 105
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 0 5
Korean 45 20 25
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 120 65 50
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 40 30 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 60 35 25
American Sign Language 55 35 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 615 315 300
Chinese languages 600 310 295
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 475 245 230
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 105 50 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5
Burmese 5 5 0
Kuki-Chin languages 5 5 5
Karenic languages 5 5 0
S'gaw Karen 5 5 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 5 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 20 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,440 740 700
English and French 145 75 75
English and non-official language(s) 1,255 640 610
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 15 10 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 108,070 52,270 55,795
None 102,290 49,250 53,040
English 1,805 945 865
French 765 325 440
Non-official language 2,365 1,280 1,090
Indigenous39 30 20 15
Non-Indigenous 2,340 1,265 1,080
English and French 35 15 20
English and non-official language(s) 270 145 120
French and non-official language(s) 145 70 75
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 375 230 145
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 107,655 51,940 55,720
Official languages 107,115 51,645 55,470
English 107,060 51,615 55,450
French 9,940 4,300 5,645
Non-official languages 11,645 6,110 5,535
Indigenous languages39 80 30 50
Algonquian languages 25 15 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 10 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 15 10 10
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 45 15 40
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 15 30
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 11,575 6,080 5,495
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,095 1,215 880
Berber languages 25 10 10
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 25 0 15
Hausa 20 0 15
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 40 25 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 10 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Semitic languages 2,045 1,185 860
Amharic 40 20 20
Arabic 1,745 1,015 730
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 75 40 30
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 230 135 90
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 80 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 130 75 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 805 355 450
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 15 0
Cebuano 55 30 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 0
Ilocano 30 20 15
Indonesian 45 20 30
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 60 20 45
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 635 280 360
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10
Creole languages 180 75 105
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 60 45 15
Sango 40 15 25
Creole, n.o.s. 25 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Dravidian languages 405 205 200
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 170 85 85
Tamil 225 105 120
Telugu 75 45 25
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,790 3,120 2,670
Albanian 60 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 625 350 275
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 620 350 270
Belarusian 10 0 10
Bulgarian 40 25 20
Czech 35 20 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 40 25 15
Russian 365 200 160
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 135 80 55
Bosnian 45 30 10
Croatian 40 20 25
Serbian 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 55 20 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 60 15 40
Irish 35 0 25
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 845 430 415
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 580 295 285
German 575 285 285
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 135 60 75
Afrikaans 20 0 15
Dutch 110 50 60
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 185 120 65
Danish 80 55 25
Icelandic 20 20 0
Norwegian 80 60 20
Swedish 40 25 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Greek 25 15 0
Indo-Iranian languages 2,750 1,630 1,115
Indo-Aryan languages 2,255 1,390 865
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 770 485 285
Gujarati 240 200 35
Hindi 1,070 745 325
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 10 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 15 10 0
Nepali 15 0 10
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 590 355 230
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 20 15 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 50 30
Urdu 370 205 170
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20
Iranian languages 500 245 260
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 70 45 30
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 455 220 240
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 405 205 200
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30 15 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,740 810 930
Catalan 30 15 15
Italian 295 150 145
Portuguese 230 110 120
Romanian 85 45 35
Spanish 1,235 550 685
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 125 55 65
Korean 125 60 65
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 975 525 450
Akan (Twi) 125 75 50
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 15 15 0
Éwé 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 15 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 170 90 80
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10
Lingala 35 20 15
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 190 115 75
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 25 0 20
Swahili 125 50 75
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 240 130 115
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 50 55
Dinka 65 25 40
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
African, n.o.s. 35 30 0
Sign languages 295 110 185
American Sign Language 285 105 180
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,140 605 535
Chinese languages 1,100 585 515
Hakka 10 0 0
Mandarin 905 490 415
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 250 125 130
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 25 20
Burmese 30 10 20
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 25
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 35 10 25
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 145 70 75
Azerbaijani 45 20 25
Kazakh 25 10 20
Turkish 80 40 40
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 40 15 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 10 10
Hungarian 15 0 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 107,660 51,935 55,720
Indigenous identity45 3,585 1,655 1,930
Single Indigenous responses46 3,350 1,535 1,815
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,225 1,000 1,225
Métis 570 265 305
Inuk (Inuit) 560 275 290
Multiple Indigenous responses47 50 20 35
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 180 95 85
Non-Indigenous identity 104,075 50,290 53,790
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 107,660 51,935 55,720
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,335 610 725
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 106,320 51,325 54,995
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 49,255 ... ...
Owner 29,920 ... ...
Renter 19,335 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 49,255 ... ...
Condominium 3,130 ... ...
Not condominium 46,130 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 49,255 ... ...
No bedrooms 230 ... ...
1 bedroom 5,200 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,175 ... ...
3 bedrooms 19,110 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,545 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 49,255 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 11,735 ... ...
5 rooms 7,145 ... ...
6 rooms 7,645 ... ...
7 rooms 6,220 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,510 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 49,255 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 48,865 ... ...
More than one person per room 395 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 49,255 ... ...
Suitable 48,030 ... ...
Not suitable 1,230 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 49,255 ... ...
1960 or before 10,920 ... ...
1961 to 1980 14,875 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,195 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,055 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,050 ... ...
2006 to 2010 3,565 ... ...
2011 to 2015 3,715 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,880 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 49,255 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 46,810 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,450 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 49,255 ... ...
One-maintainer household 26,540 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 20,825 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,895 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 49,255 ... ...
15 to 24 years 2,390 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,675 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,295 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,095 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,455 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,670 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,335 ... ...
85 years and over 1,340 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 49,075 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 38,305 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 10,770 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 9,695 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 49,255 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 13,645 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 10,055 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,005 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,810 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 145 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 555 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 60 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 20 ... ...
Acceptable housing 35,610 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 48,000 ... ...
In core need 5,435 ... ...
Not in core need 42,565 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 29,900 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 61.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 13.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,290 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,414 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 306,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 343,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 19,340 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 22.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 34.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 950 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 988 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 107,655 51,935 55,720
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,610 725 885
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,570 705 865
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,075 450 620
Métis single ancestry 150 75 75
Inuit single ancestry 350 180 170
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 40 20 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 20 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,810 1,780 2,030
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,725 1,745 1,980
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,975 1,385 1,590
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 355 165 195
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 395 200 200
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 85 40 50
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 25 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 20 15
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 102,235 49,425 52,805
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 107,655 51,940 55,720
Canadian citizens77 100,150 47,865 52,285
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,560 8,545 8,015
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 83,585 39,320 44,270
Not Canadian citizens78 7,510 4,075 3,435
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 107,655 51,940 55,720
Non-immigrants80 96,020 45,795 50,220
Immigrants81 7,510 3,805 3,705
Before 1980 1,205 570 630
1980 to 1990 385 245 140
1991 to 2000 555 285 265
2001 to 2010 1,360 700 655
2011 to 202182 4,015 2,000 2,010
2011 to 2015 1,330 680 655
2016 to 2021 2,680 1,325 1,360
Non-permanent residents83 4,125 2,330 1,795
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 7,510 3,805 3,705
Under 5 years 835 445 395
5 to 14 years 1,460 720 740
15 to 24 years 1,060 550 510
25 to 44 years 3,590 1,805 1,790
45 years and over 565 295 270
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 7,510 3,805 3,705
Americas 985 450 535
Brazil 35 15 20
Colombia 105 45 65
El Salvador 15 0 10
Guyana 10 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 90 40 50
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 10 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 25 20 0
United States of America 505 255 250
Other places of birth in Americas 175 65 110
Europe 1,795 990 805
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 25 10
Croatia 25 15 10
France 125 60 60
Germany 95 65 35
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 10 0 10
Italy 30 15 15
Netherlands 40 25 15
Poland 25 15 10
Portugal 15 0 15
Romania 55 30 25
Russian Federation 100 50 50
Serbia86 10 0 10
Ukraine 45 25 20
United Kingdom87 805 445 360
Other places of birth in Europe 375 215 160
Africa 1,380 720 655
Algeria 30 15 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 75 35 35
Egypt 105 70 35
Eritrea 155 95 60
Ethiopia 75 40 35
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 315 160 155
Somalia 15 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 70 25 40
Other places of birth in Africa 540 265 275
Asia 3,300 1,630 1,675
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 95 55 45
Iraq 110 50 60
Lebanon 65 35 30
Syria89 450 220 225
Turkey 20 10 10
China90 415 195 225
Hong Kong91 75 35 35
Korea, South92 50 15 40
Taiwan 35 15 25
Philippines 625 265 360
Viet Nam 70 35 40
Bangladesh 195 115 80
India 480 280 205
Pakistan 150 55 95
Sri Lanka 40 15 20
Other places of birth in Asia 405 225 180
Oceania and other places of birth93 50 15 40
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 2,680 1,320 1,360
Americas 210 95 110
Brazil 20 10 10
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 70 35 35
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 75 40 35
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 30 10 20
Europe 190 100 90
France 30 15 15
Germany 15 0 10
Ireland96 20 10 10
Italy 10 0 0
Russian Federation 25 15 15
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 45 35 10
Other places of birth in Europe 45 20 30
Africa 725 370 350
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 50 25 25
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 20 10 10
Eritrea 100 60 45
Ethiopia 20 0 15
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 225 120 100
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 15 0
Sudan97 65 35 30
Tunisia 35 15 15
Other places of birth in Africa 180 85 95
Asia 1,550 745 805
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 70 35 30
China90 140 60 80
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 200 135 65
Iran88 35 20 15
Iraq 50 15 30
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 20 15 10
Korea, South92 20 0 15
Lebanon 55 30 20
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 80 30 45
Philippines 350 135 215
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 390 205 185
Turkey 15 10 0
United Arab Emirates 20 0 20
Viet Nam 20 10 10
Other places of birth in Asia 65 20 40
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 107,660 51,940 55,720
First generation100 12,445 6,545 5,905
Second generation101 7,000 3,550 3,445
Third generation or more102 88,220 41,840 46,370
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 6,305 3,230 3,075
Economic immigrants104 3,555 1,855 1,695
Principal applicants105 1,665 1,040 625
Secondary applicants106 1,885 815 1,070
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,110 530 575
Refugees108 1,610 825 785
Other immigrants109 35 20 20
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 6,305 3,230 3,075
Asylum claim before admission111 140 80 60
Work permits only before admission112 1,125 565 555
Study permits only before admission113 310 195 115
Work and study permits before admission114 840 475 365
Other permits before admission115 20 10 10
No pre-admission experience116 3,860 1,900 1,960
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 107,660 51,935 55,720
Total visible minority population118 10,915 5,840 5,075
South Asian 2,985 1,740 1,245
Chinese 1,410 745 660
Black 2,510 1,325 1,175
Filipino 840 385 455
Arab 1,410 825 585
Latin American 515 250 270
Southeast Asian 300 135 165
West Asian 485 240 245
Korean 110 50 60
Japanese 30 10 20
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 90 45 50
Multiple visible minorities 235 95 140
Not a visible minority120 96,745 46,095 50,640
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 107,655 51,940 55,715
Canadian 19,935 9,480 10,460
English 39,365 18,575 20,785
Irish 36,600 17,325 19,275
Scottish 9,100 4,300 4,790
French, n.o.s.122 5,075 2,305 2,770
German 2,200 1,060 1,135
Chinese 1,445 740 705
Italian 825 410 415
Indian (India) 1,630 930 695
Ukrainian 680 380 305
Dutch 550 310 235
Polish 550 295 255
Québécois 70 25 40
British Isles, n.o.s.123 3,995 1,830 2,160
Filipino 830 385 445
French Canadian 200 80 120
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 5,335 2,470 2,865
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 965 480 490
Métis 590 270 320
European, n.o.s.126 2,210 1,100 1,115
Russian 385 225 165
Norwegian 495 280 220
Welsh 2,005 1,080 920
Portuguese 465 210 255
American 715 295 415
Spanish 500 250 245
Swedish 290 135 160
Hungarian 130 65 70
Acadian 320 165 160
Pakistani 195 100 95
African, n.o.s.127 505 250 255
Jewish 315 190 125
Punjabi 125 40 85
Vietnamese 115 65 55
Arab, n.o.s.128 665 370 300
Greek 145 75 70
Jamaican 115 50 65
Asian, n.o.s.129 270 135 135
Cree, n.o.s.130 65 20 40
Korean 105 50 55
Romanian 155 55 100
Lebanese 365 175 190
Iranian 395 190 200
Christian, n.i.e.131 345 185 155
Danish 255 140 115
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 385 160 230
Sikh 70 30 40
Austrian 110 55 55
Belgian 65 15 45
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 70 40 30
Mexican 40 15 25
Mennonite 10 10 0
Swiss 70 35 35
Finnish 55 30 30
Sri Lankan 75 35 35
Croatian 30 20 10
Japanese 70 35 30
South Asian, n.o.s.133 115 65 55
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,980 885 1,100
Northern European, n.o.s.135 400 220 180
Muslim 250 130 120
Egyptian 225 150 80
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 35 10 25
Tamil 60 30 25
Icelandic 75 45 30
Colombian 105 45 60
Moroccan 35 20 15
Czech 120 65 60
Syrian 240 145 95
Guyanese 20 10 10
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 110 65 40
Serbian 40 20 20
Ojibway 40 20 20
Newfoundlander 6,175 2,920 3,255
Hong Konger 15 0 10
Ontarian 60 20 40
Persian 85 45 40
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 30 10 25
Turkish 65 35 30
Inuit, n.o.s.138 725 375 350
Bangladeshi 500 300 195
Algerian 25 10 15
Brazilian 115 70 45
Nigerian 350 180 175
Armenian 25 10 15
Slovak 15 10 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 75 35 40
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 35 25 0
Iraqi