Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic CanadaMore information:

[Country]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 36,991,981 ... ...
Population, 20161 35,151,728 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.2 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 16,284,235 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 14,978,941 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,788,702.80 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 36,991,980 18,226,240 18,765,740
0 to 14 years 6,012,795 3,086,510 2,926,285
0 to 4 years 1,831,195 938,790 892,405
5 to 9 years 2,054,900 1,054,240 1,000,655
10 to 14 years 2,126,705 1,093,480 1,033,225
15 to 64 years 23,957,760 11,915,050 12,042,710
15 to 19 years 2,012,975 1,036,730 976,240
20 to 24 years 2,202,255 1,138,825 1,063,430
25 to 29 years 2,421,510 1,228,135 1,193,370
30 to 34 years 2,518,835 1,252,795 1,266,040
35 to 39 years 2,511,345 1,238,515 1,272,835
40 to 44 years 2,399,405 1,175,875 1,223,530
45 to 49 years 2,304,170 1,129,185 1,174,985
50 to 54 years 2,368,350 1,161,665 1,206,685
55 to 59 years 2,647,330 1,299,975 1,347,350
60 to 64 years 2,571,580 1,253,335 1,318,245
65 years and over 7,021,430 3,224,680 3,796,750
65 to 69 years 2,210,970 1,065,305 1,145,665
70 to 74 years 1,847,585 879,850 967,735
75 to 79 years 1,260,930 589,090 671,845
80 to 84 years 840,545 370,905 469,645
85 years and over 861,395 319,540 541,860
85 to 89 years 525,445 212,735 312,705
90 to 94 years 258,035 87,300 170,735
95 to 99 years 68,380 17,670 50,715
100 years and over 9,535 1,830 7,710
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 16.9 15.6
15 to 64 years 64.8 65.4 64.2
65 years and over 19.0 17.7 20.2
85 years and over 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.9 41.0 42.8
Median age of the population 41.6 40.4 42.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 14,978,940 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,872,310 ... ...
Semi-detached house 746,560 ... ...
Row house 980,110 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 821,490 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,738,020 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,596,155 ... ...
Other single-attached house 34,880 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 189,420 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 14,978,940 ... ...
1 person 4,396,015 ... ...
2 persons 5,124,800 ... ...
3 persons 2,194,825 ... ...
4 persons 2,002,455 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,260,850 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 36,328,475 17,937,230 18,391,245
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 30,979,185 15,139,730 15,839,460
Married or living common-law 17,626,005 8,813,405 8,812,595
Married 13,725,625 6,859,755 6,865,875
Living common-law 3,900,375 1,953,650 1,946,725
Living common law - Never married 2,967,665 1,485,985 1,481,685
Living common law - Separated 123,830 65,045 58,785
Living common law - Divorced 721,715 365,760 355,950
Living common law - Widowed 87,165 36,860 50,300
Not married and not living common-law 13,353,180 6,326,325 7,026,860
Not married and not living common law - Never married 9,025,865 4,881,410 4,144,455
Not married and not living common law - Separated 741,135 319,045 422,090
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,921,880 760,425 1,161,460
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,664,295 365,440 1,298,855
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 10,262,925 ... ...
2 persons 5,306,105 ... ...
3 persons 2,147,825 ... ...
4 persons 1,953,035 ... ...
5 or more persons 855,960 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 10,262,925 ... ...
Total couple families 8,576,585 ... ...
Married couples 6,627,310 ... ...
With children6 3,481,775 ... ...
Without children 3,145,535 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,949,275 ... ...
With children6 808,645 ... ...
Without children 1,140,630 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,686,340 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,302,670 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 383,670 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 36,328,475 17,937,230 18,391,245
Total - Persons in census families 29,478,475 14,616,850 14,861,625
Married spouses or common-law partners 17,153,165 8,577,610 8,575,560
Parents in one-parent families 1,686,340 383,675 1,302,670
Children6 10,638,965 5,655,570 4,983,400
In a two-parent family 8,024,590 4,238,785 3,785,805
In a one-parent family 2,614,375 1,416,785 1,197,595
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,850,005 3,320,385 3,529,620
Living alone 4,396,015 2,048,495 2,347,520
Living with other relatives7 927,345 393,085 534,260
Living with non-relatives only 1,526,645 878,800 647,840
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 14,978,945 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 8,932,695 ... ...
Couple-family households 7,627,195 ... ...
With children6 3,789,795 ... ...
Without children 3,837,400 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,305,500 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 441,745 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 94,235 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 450,415 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 663,835 ... ...
One-person households 4,396,015 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 30,336,135 14,861,555 15,474,575
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 29,241,810 14,316,155 14,925,660
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200 46,400 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 29,256,180 14,323,750 14,932,425
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 40,800 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 26,045,500 13,010,250 13,035,250
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 42,400 29,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 21,127,615 10,906,485 10,221,130
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 43,200 32,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,401,740 12,065,555 13,336,180
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,800 8,500 11,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,185,840 1,548,250 1,637,590
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,720 5,760 5,720
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,373,550 4,140,705 4,232,845
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 30,335,920 14,861,245 15,474,670
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 29,242,935 14,316,595 14,926,335
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,450 62,650 46,560
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 29,257,325 14,324,165 14,933,160
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,920 50,320 39,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 26,047,020 13,011,765 13,035,250
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,240 59,500 41,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 21,127,690 10,908,965 10,218,725
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,280 58,050 42,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,397,565 12,061,765 13,335,800
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,170 10,180 12,060
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,179,395 1,544,580 1,634,815
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,050 6,710 7,370
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,346,145 4,128,810 4,217,340
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,920 8,740 9,100
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 30,335,920 14,861,250 15,474,670
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 9,912,810 5,493,720 4,419,090
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,600 69,000 58,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,200 85,400 67,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,426,645 3,988,060 4,438,585
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,400 21,000 16,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,160 33,960 24,860
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.2 86.4 76.8
Employment income (%)19 66.8 70.6 61.7
Government transfers (%)20 17.8 13.7 23.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.2 1.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.4 4.5 6.6
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 4.0 5.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 30,336,130 14,861,555 15,474,580
Without total income 1,094,320 545,400 548,915
With total income 29,241,815 14,316,150 14,925,660
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,434,730 1,058,420 1,376,310
$10,000 to $19,999 3,448,185 1,445,240 2,002,945
$20,000 to $29,999 4,635,650 2,018,080 2,617,570
$30,000 to $39,999 3,723,680 1,648,300 2,075,375
$40,000 to $49,999 3,290,715 1,529,960 1,760,755
$50,000 to $59,999 2,677,465 1,302,135 1,375,330
$60,000 to $69,999 2,073,335 1,086,545 986,795
$70,000 to $79,999 1,592,465 887,985 704,480
$80,000 to $89,999 1,239,395 708,430 530,965
$90,000 to $99,999 965,950 553,435 412,510
$100,000 and over 3,160,245 2,077,620 1,082,625
$100,000 to $149,999 2,102,630 1,319,110 783,520
$150,000 and over 1,057,615 758,510 299,105
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 30,336,130 14,861,555 15,474,580
Without after-tax income 1,079,955 537,800 542,155
With after-tax income 29,256,180 14,323,750 14,932,430
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,561,695 1,100,975 1,460,725
$10,000 to $19,999 3,608,250 1,521,395 2,086,855
$20,000 to $29,999 5,294,505 2,321,660 2,972,845
$30,000 to $39,999 4,442,970 2,035,725 2,407,250
$40,000 to $49,999 3,798,710 1,839,700 1,959,005
$50,000 to $59,999 2,833,120 1,471,200 1,361,920
$60,000 to $69,999 2,020,895 1,114,110 906,790
$70,000 to $79,999 1,428,520 814,645 613,875
$80,000 to $89,999 1,027,015 592,405 434,605
$90,000 to $99,999 643,700 402,325 241,380
$100,000 and over 1,596,790 1,109,610 487,185
$100,000 to $124,999 792,455 530,970 261,490
$125,000 and over 804,335 578,645 225,695
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 30,336,130 14,861,555 15,474,580
Without employment income 9,208,520 3,955,070 5,253,450
With employment income 21,127,615 10,906,485 10,221,125
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,951,135 1,446,185 1,504,955
$5,000 to $9,999 1,739,570 765,825 973,750
$10,000 to $19,999 2,498,120 1,128,310 1,369,810
$20,000 to $29,999 1,960,665 902,615 1,058,050
$30,000 to $39,999 1,903,100 899,905 1,003,190
$40,000 to $49,999 1,859,845 899,795 960,055
$50,000 to $59,999 1,640,805 842,030 798,780
$60,000 to $69,999 1,367,510 754,825 612,685
$70,000 to $79,999 1,099,625 637,060 462,570
$80,000 to $89,999 929,490 539,395 390,095
$90,000 to $99,999 760,035 439,505 320,530
$100,000 and over 2,417,710 1,651,040 766,670
$100,000 to $124,999 1,129,445 714,235 415,210
$125,000 and over 1,288,265 936,805 351,460
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 30,336,135 14,861,555 15,474,575
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 28,598,395 13,976,715 14,621,680
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 45,200 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 28,617,610 13,979,960 14,637,655
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 40,000 31,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,708,470 12,830,580 12,877,890
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 44,000 30,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 21,241,445 10,932,825 10,308,625
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000 44,400 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 23,196,815 10,876,635 12,320,175
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,240 1,960 6,450
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 2,428,800 1,182,025 1,246,770
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,720 5,560 5,960
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 30,335,920 14,861,245 15,474,670
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,599,665 13,976,240 14,623,425
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,350 61,250 43,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,618,280 13,979,265 14,639,015
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,920 49,000 37,160
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,709,140 12,829,990 12,879,155
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,040 60,800 41,320
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 21,242,575 10,934,760 10,307,815
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,560 58,800 41,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 23,191,860 10,869,800 12,322,065
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,950 6,990 8,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,430,165 1,181,385 1,248,780
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,560 6,880 8,210
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 30,335,920 14,861,250 15,474,670
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 9,831,805 5,446,500 4,385,305
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 60,000 66,000 53,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 73,200 81,900 62,250
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 7,934,985 3,759,675 4,175,305
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,200 28,000 21,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 35,200 41,280 29,720
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.6 91.2 83.0
Employment income (%) 71.8 75.0 67.2
Government transfers (%) 12.3 8.9 16.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2 1.0 1.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 14,978,940 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 4,396,015 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 10,582,930 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 105,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 14,978,940 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 106,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 87,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,394,500 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 53,350 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,360 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 10,584,445 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 128,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 105,700 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 14,978,940 ... ...
Under $5,000 165,175 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 91,750 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 178,475 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 274,140 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 637,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 505,875 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 488,735 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 560,950 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 572,650 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 559,155 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,093,185 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,044,715 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 986,460 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 921,205 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 844,835 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,053,945 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,753,485 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,283,445 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,545,935 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,471,075 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 14,978,940 ... ...
Under $5,000 186,735 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 95,195 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 183,430 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 289,545 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 681,900 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 589,110 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 582,275 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 666,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 676,995 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 655,100 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,285,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,223,830 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,137,840 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,039,375 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 911,515 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,773,995 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,757,035 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,152,855 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,864,100 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 10,117,305 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 105,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 3,929,500 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 4,311,315 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,547,920 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 70,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 5,922,660 2,927,295 2,995,365
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 38,400 40,000 36,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,800 36,000 33,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 10,113,100 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 128,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 105,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,926,040 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 112,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,318,755 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 160,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 130,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,539,580 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 82,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 5,916,895 2,916,490 3,000,405
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 49,440 52,050 46,880
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 41,560 43,080 40,120
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 36,328,475 17,937,230 18,391,250
0 to 17 years 7,196,545 3,696,540 3,500,005
0 to 5 years 2,225,085 1,140,315 1,084,775
18 to 64 years 22,545,065 11,159,405 11,385,665
65 years and over 6,586,865 3,081,285 3,505,580
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,016,065 1,881,305 2,134,765
0 to 17 years 854,565 439,490 415,075
0 to 5 years 282,315 144,250 138,065
18 to 64 years 2,175,755 1,050,115 1,125,640
65 years and over 985,745 391,695 594,050
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.1 10.5 11.6
0 to 17 years (%) 11.9 11.9 11.9
0 to 5 years (%) 12.7 12.7 12.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.4 9.9
65 years and over (%) 15.0 12.7 16.9
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 35,837,970 17,691,535 18,146,440
0 to 17 years 7,043,545 3,618,040 3,425,505
0 to 5 years 2,175,935 1,115,010 1,060,925
18 to 64 years 22,262,940 11,019,070 11,243,865
65 years and over 6,531,490 3,054,420 3,477,065
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,863,335 950,150 913,180
0 to 17 years 319,545 164,490 155,060
0 to 5 years 99,435 50,875 48,560
18 to 64 years 1,344,640 702,660 641,975
65 years and over 199,155 83,010 116,145
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2 5.4 5.0
0 to 17 years (%) 4.5 4.6 4.5
0 to 5 years (%) 4.6 4.6 4.6
18 to 64 years (%) 6.0 6.4 5.7
65 years and over (%) 3.1 2.7 3.3
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 36,328,475 17,937,230 18,391,250
In bottom half of the distribution 18,164,550 8,775,210 9,389,345
In bottom decile 3,632,735 1,759,660 1,873,070
In second decile 3,632,975 1,695,310 1,937,660
In third decile 3,632,895 1,752,160 1,880,735
In fourth decile 3,632,745 1,775,535 1,857,210
In fifth decile 3,633,205 1,792,540 1,840,670
In top half of the distribution 18,163,925 9,162,020 9,001,900
In sixth decile 3,632,910 1,810,370 1,822,535
In seventh decile 3,632,765 1,819,535 1,813,230
In eighth decile 3,632,555 1,829,025 1,803,530
In ninth decile 3,632,930 1,841,520 1,791,415
In top decile 3,632,765 1,861,575 1,771,195
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 36,328,475 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.347 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.462 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.302 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 36,620,955 18,063,870 18,557,080
English only 25,261,655 12,620,855 12,640,800
French only 4,087,895 1,914,500 2,173,390
English and French 6,581,680 3,244,350 3,337,330
Neither English nor French 689,725 284,170 405,555
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 36,620,955 18,063,870 18,557,080
English 27,643,140 13,696,115 13,947,025
French 7,828,545 3,854,435 3,974,110
English and French 476,175 237,635 238,535
Neither English nor French 673,100 275,685 397,420
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 36,620,955 18,063,870 18,557,080
Single responses 35,145,265 17,344,665 17,800,600
Official languages 27,296,445 13,583,930 13,712,510
English 20,107,200 10,036,360 10,070,835
French 7,189,245 3,547,565 3,641,675
Non-official languages 7,848,820 3,760,725 4,088,090
Indigenous languages39 148,895 71,630 77,265
Algonquian languages 97,125 46,545 50,580
Blackfoot 2,520 1,180 1,340
Cree-Innu languages 67,665 32,715 34,950
Atikamekw 5,500 2,825 2,670
Cree languages 53,070 25,645 27,430
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 155 70 85
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 580 300 280
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 3,460 1,675 1,785
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 2,475 1,075 1,395
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5,025 2,345 2,675
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 2,850 1,370 1,480
Cree, n.o.s. 38,535 18,810 19,725
Innu (Montagnais) 8,465 3,930 4,535
Naskapi 625 310 315
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,155 2,415 2,745
Mi'kmaq 4,910 2,290 2,620
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 245 125 120
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 21,775 10,230 11,550
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 865 400 460
Oji-Cree 9,310 4,525 4,790
Ojibway languages 11,605 5,300 6,300
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 470 235 235
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 65 25 40
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 1,880 850 1,030
Ojibway, n.o.s. 9,185 4,190 4,995
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Athabaskan languages 12,885 6,200 6,680
Northern Athabaskan languages 12,785 6,155 6,630
Dakelh (Carrier) 625 280 340
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 120 55 60
Dene, n.o.s. 8,060 3,865 4,190
Gwich'in 175 70 105
Slavey-Hare languages 1,505 755 755
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 400 195 200
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 270 120 150
Slavey, n.o.s. 840 440 400
Tahltan languages 150 80 65
Kaska (Nahani) 65 40 25
Tahltan 80 40 40
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,390 725 670
Tse'khene (Sekani) 35 5 30
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 465 210 255
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 25 15 10
Tutchone languages 120 40 85
Northern Tutchone 70 15 55
Southern Tutchone 25 10 15
Tutchone, n.o.s. 25 10 20
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 120 50 65
Tlingit 50 20 25
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Haida 45 15 25
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 33,790 16,480 17,315
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 560 220 340
Inuinnaqtun 335 140 200
Inuvialuktun 225 85 140
Inuktitut 33,200 16,240 16,955
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Iroquoian languages 355 150 205
Cayuga 35 15 15
Mohawk 275 115 155
Oneida 45 10 30
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 30 15 15
Michif 485 220 265
Salish languages 1,095 520 575
Halkomelem 185 90 95
Lillooet 100 45 55
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 180 100 80
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 265 125 140
Squamish 25 10 15
Straits 95 40 50
Syilx (Okanagan) 185 80 105
Salish languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Siouan languages 1,040 485 555
Assiniboine 70 40 25
Dakota 560 245 315
Stoney 365 180 190
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20
Tsimshian languages 1,035 515 515
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 590 300 290
Nisga'a 325 155 170
Tsimshian 120 60 60
Wakashan languages 770 385 385
Haisla 85 35 55
Heiltsuk 300 180 120
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 150 70 80
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 220 95 130
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 180 75 100
Non-Indigenous languages 7,699,925 3,689,100 4,010,830
Afro-Asiatic languages 698,355 359,625 338,730
Berber languages 27,490 14,715 12,775
Kabyle 24,760 13,130 11,625
Tamazight 2,340 1,365 975
Berber languages, n.i.e. 395 225 170
Chadic languages 1,985 1,085 905
Hausa 1,315 740 570
Mina 675 340 335
Coptic 1,015 510 505
Cushitic languages 49,410 23,275 26,135
Bilen 2,020 1,085 935
Oromo 5,905 3,015 2,890
Somali 40,730 18,775 21,955
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 755 400 350
Semitic languages 618,450 320,045 298,405
Amharic 25,685 12,090 13,600
Arabic 508,410 265,350 243,060
Aramaic languages 27,690 13,465 14,220
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,220 8,320 8,900
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 8,860 4,335 4,525
Aramaic, n.o.s. 1,600 805 795
Harari 1,220 550 675
Hebrew 19,495 10,505 8,995
Maltese 4,425 2,080 2,340
Tigrigna 31,075 15,775 15,300
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 235 220
Austro-Asiatic languages 192,985 87,230 105,750
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,525 8,820 10,705
Vietnamese 173,000 78,180 94,820
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 460 230 225
Austronesian languages 565,375 238,875 326,500
Bikol 2,115 940 1,180
Bisaya, n.o.s. 8,215 3,425 4,790
Cebuano 18,945 7,800 11,145
Fijian 605 325 280
Hiligaynon 9,690 3,900 5,795
Ilocano 33,520 14,140 19,380
Indonesian 11,910 4,990 6,920
Kankanaey 1,100 465 640
Kinaray-a 670 275 395
Malagasy languages 2,085 990 1,090
Merina 1,245 580 670
Malagasy, n.o.s. 835 415 425
Malay 1,330 570 760
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,615 2,635 2,980
Pangasinan 2,050 900 1,150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 461,150 194,805 266,345
Waray-Waray 1,625 690 935
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,740 2,035 2,705
Creole languages 78,235 35,650 42,580
Haitian Creole 52,435 23,355 29,085
Jamaican English Creole 600 315 290
Krio 795 365 435
Morisyen 6,125 3,015 3,110
Sango 580 280 300
Creole, n.o.s. 15,550 7,325 8,230
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,135 1,000 1,140
Dravidian languages 244,165 125,180 118,990
Kannada 6,240 3,215 3,020
Malayalam 54,050 29,375 24,670
Tamil 152,850 75,010 77,845
Telugu 30,045 17,095 12,950
Tulu 615 310 305
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 370 170 195
Georgian 2,180 1,175 1,005
Hmong-Mien languages 565 265 305
Indo-European languages 4,124,860 2,018,340 2,106,520
Albanian 29,265 14,690 14,580
Armenian 33,720 16,335 17,385
Balto-Slavic languages 648,810 297,100 351,710
Baltic languages 10,560 4,425 6,135
Latvian 4,430 1,875 2,555
Lithuanian 6,130 2,555 3,580
Slavic languages 638,250 292,670 345,580
Belarusian 720 325 395
Bulgarian 19,035 9,090 9,950
Czech 20,025 9,215 10,815
Macedonian 14,795 7,075 7,720
Polish 160,170 72,120 88,050
Russian 197,905 89,100 108,800
Rusyn 500 240 255
Serbo-Croatian 116,735 56,900 59,835
Bosnian 13,820 6,785 7,040
Croatian 43,500 20,755 22,740
Serbian 57,425 28,410 29,015
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 1,995 945 1,045
Slovak 15,255 6,930 8,320
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,965 3,425 4,535
Ukrainian 84,705 38,005 46,695
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 440 235 205
Celtic languages 2,150 1,110 1,045
Irish 665 355 315
Scottish Gaelic 425 210 210
Welsh 825 410 420
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 230 135 95
Germanic languages 463,400 221,365 242,035
Frisian 1,570 800 775
High German languages 301,570 142,580 158,990
German 272,865 128,250 144,615
Pennsylvania German 9,065 4,530 4,540
Swiss German 7,575 3,740 3,835
Yiddish 12,060 6,060 6,005
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 138,655 67,815 70,840
Afrikaans 12,270 6,175 6,095
Dutch 80,315 39,000 41,310
Low German, n.o.s. 8,670 4,255 4,420
Low Saxon 1,270 650 625
Plautdietsch 33,200 16,410 16,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,935 1,325 1,605
Scandinavian languages 20,275 9,500 10,775
Danish 9,945 4,750 5,195
Icelandic 905 430 480
Norwegian 3,535 1,675 1,860
Swedish 5,890 2,645 3,245
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,330 670 660
Greek 93,335 45,860 47,470
Indo-Iranian languages 1,659,505 847,400 812,105
Indo-Aryan languages 1,358,645 697,075 661,575
Assamese 545 265 280
Bengali 87,580 45,160 42,425
Gujarati 138,985 73,335 65,655
Hindi 152,825 79,585 73,240
Kacchi 6,930 3,100 3,830
Kashmiri 745 395 350
Konkani 3,425 1,675 1,745
Marathi 14,145 7,330 6,810
Nepali 23,425 11,920 11,510
Oriya languages 1,775 940 835
Odia 1,125 615 510
Oriya, n.o.s. 645 325 320
Punjabi (Panjabi) 666,585 341,515 325,065
Rohingya 545 265 280
Sindhi 3,985 2,070 1,915
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,000 8,895 9,110
Urdu 235,290 118,540 116,755
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 3,865 2,085 1,780
Iranian languages 300,555 150,160 150,390
Baluchi 555 305 250
Kurdish 16,485 8,770 7,715
Parsi 555 310 240
Pashto 19,520 10,170 9,355
Persian languages 262,625 130,180 132,440
Dari 57,220 28,070 29,155
Iranian Persian 179,425 89,070 90,360
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25,975 13,040 12,930
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 815 425 390
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 305 165 140
Italic (Romance) languages 1,194,290 574,295 619,995
Catalan 905 470 440
Italian 319,505 154,295 165,205
Portuguese 240,680 115,235 125,450
Romanian 93,160 44,185 48,975
Spanish 538,870 259,500 279,375
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,165 610 550
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 385 195 185
Japanese 43,850 14,205 29,650
Korean 170,400 77,075 93,325
Mongolian 1,850 800 1,050
Niger-Congo languages 108,295 52,850 55,440
Akan (Twi) 13,120 6,400 6,720
Bamanankan 1,855 1,000 860
Edo 1,685 745 940
Éwé 1,955 1,030 920
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 3,520 1,825 1,695
Ga 815 400 415
Ganda 1,890 885 1,010
Gikuyu 760 320 440
Igbo 5,175 2,720 2,460
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,380 3,365 4,015
Lingala 4,260 1,925 2,335
Luba-Kasai 520 245 275
Mòoré 515 260 260
Mwani 695 365 325
Ndebele 920 420 500
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,660 4,035 4,625
Shona 3,605 1,665 1,940
Soninke 505 315 190
Sotho-Tswana languages 520 200 320
Swahili 16,000 7,630 8,370
Wojenaka 1,030 495 535
Wolof 4,890 2,605 2,285
Yoruba 15,015 7,605 7,410
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 13,000 6,405 6,590
Nilo-Saharan languages 6,920 3,565 3,355
Dinka 1,865 1,000 865
Nuer 1,090 515 570
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,395 1,745 1,645
African, n.o.s. 575 305 270
Sign languages 6,955 3,710 3,250
American Sign Language 4,965 2,635 2,335
Quebec Sign Language 990 520 465
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,005 555 450
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,309,825 602,025 707,800
Chinese languages 1,292,640 593,580 699,055
Hakka 9,765 4,420 5,345
Mandarin 679,255 310,750 368,510
Min Dong 1,310 665 645
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 27,805 12,415 15,390
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,880 3,995 4,880
Yue (Cantonese) 553,380 255,540 297,835
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,610 5,500 6,110
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 630 295 330
Tibeto-Burman languages 16,600 8,160 8,445
Burmese 3,305 1,590 1,710
Kuki-Chin languages 870 400 475
Karenic languages 4,520 2,240 2,275
S'gaw Karen 3,900 1,940 1,960
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 615 305 315
Tibetan 7,025 3,475 3,545
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 890 445 440
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 585 285 295
Tai-Kadai languages 22,350 8,605 13,745
Lao 11,485 5,475 6,010
Thai 10,455 2,960 7,495
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 410 165 240
Turkic languages 53,520 28,385 25,135
Azerbaijani 4,490 2,460 2,030
Kazakh 540 230 305
Turkish 44,190 23,615 20,570
Uyghur 1,355 660 690
Uzbek 1,805 890 920
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,150 530 620
Uralic languages 68,180 31,000 37,180
Estonian 4,485 1,945 2,535
Finnish 12,200 5,075 7,120
Hungarian 51,500 23,980 27,525
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,060 540 520
Multiple responses 1,475,690 719,210 756,480
English and French 291,325 142,420 148,905
English and non-official language(s) 921,480 450,685 470,800
French and non-official language(s) 117,910 57,875 60,040
English, French and non-official language(s) 52,880 25,900 26,975
Multiple non-official languages 92,095 42,330 49,765
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 36,620,955 18,063,870 18,557,080
English 20,920,835 10,420,570 10,500,270
French 6,456,960 3,188,280 3,268,685
Non-official language 2,402,180 1,139,865 1,262,315
Indigenous39 50,460 25,385 25,080
Non-Indigenous 2,351,720 1,114,475 1,237,240
English and French 953,760 465,560 488,205
English and non-official language(s) 4,835,815 2,350,245 2,485,570
French and non-official language(s) 395,320 188,195 207,125
English, French and non-official language(s) 455,760 217,995 237,770
Multiple non-official languages 200,320 93,165 107,155
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 36,620,955 18,063,870 18,557,080
Single responses 35,057,615 17,305,575 17,752,035
Official languages 30,421,050 15,070,205 15,350,850
English 23,376,200 11,588,715 11,787,485
French 7,044,855 3,481,490 3,563,365
Non-official languages 4,636,560 2,235,370 2,401,190
Indigenous languages39 85,835 42,950 42,885
Algonquian languages 50,135 25,010 25,120
Blackfoot 980 495 480
Cree-Innu languages 38,255 19,165 19,090
Atikamekw 4,345 2,285 2,060
Cree languages 26,700 13,425 13,270
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 50 30 30
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 560 300 265
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 2,545 1,225 1,315
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 665 305 360
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 1,455 730 725
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 830 430 405
Cree, n.o.s. 20,585 10,400 10,180
Innu (Montagnais) 6,710 3,190 3,520
Naskapi 505 260 245
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,650 1,250 1,395
Mi'kmaq 2,595 1,225 1,365
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 55 25 25
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 8,250 4,100 4,155
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 230 105 120
Oji-Cree 4,540 2,305 2,235
Ojibway languages 3,480 1,685 1,800
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 145 70 70
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 25 10 15
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 390 195 200
Ojibway, n.o.s. 2,925 1,405 1,515
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 7,260 3,675 3,585
Northern Athabaskan languages 7,230 3,655 3,575
Dakelh (Carrier) 220 100 125
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 30 10 15
Dene, n.o.s. 5,255 2,610 2,650
Gwich'in 35 15 20
Slavey-Hare languages 705 390 315
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 200 110 95
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 115 60 55
Slavey, n.o.s. 395 220 175
Tahltan languages 10 5 5
Kaska (Nahani) 5 0 5
Tahltan 5 5 5
Tlicho (Dogrib) 755 420 335
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 165 85 75
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 5 10
Northern Tutchone 5 0 5
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 40 20 20
Tlingit 10 5 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Haida 10 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 27,295 13,695 13,600
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 145 65 80
Inuinnaqtun 95 45 55
Inuvialuktun 50 25 25
Inuktitut 27,140 13,625 13,520
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 100 45 55
Cayuga 15 10 5
Mohawk 65 30 40
Oneida 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 5 5 0
Michif 150 80 70
Salish languages 260 130 130
Halkomelem 50 20 30
Lillooet 35 20 20
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 35 20 10
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 85 40 40
Squamish 5 0 5
Straits 30 15 10
Syilx (Okanagan) 15 5 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Siouan languages 240 110 130
Assiniboine 10 5 10
Dakota 120 65 60
Stoney 90 40 55
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Tsimshian languages 220 115 105
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 120 65 55
Nisga'a 85 40 45
Tsimshian 10 5 5
Wakashan languages 70 25 40
Haisla 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 5 5 5
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 20 5 15
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 25 5 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 85 40 40
Non-Indigenous languages 4,550,725 2,192,420 2,358,305
Afro-Asiatic languages 395,840 197,010 198,830
Berber languages 11,295 5,940 5,355
Kabyle 10,180 5,325 4,850
Tamazight 840 455 380
Berber languages, n.i.e. 280 155 130
Chadic languages 835 425 410
Hausa 635 330 305
Mina 200 95 105
Coptic 545 265 280
Cushitic languages 30,375 14,115 16,260
Bilen 1,645 890 760
Oromo 3,890 1,935 1,960
Somali 24,410 11,075 13,335
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 205
Semitic languages 352,790 176,270 176,520
Amharic 14,030 6,470 7,565
Arabic 285,915 143,650 142,260
Aramaic languages 20,740 9,940 10,800
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 12,935 6,150 6,785
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,585 3,185 3,400
Aramaic, n.o.s. 1,220 605 615
Harari 680 305 380
Hebrew 8,515 4,355 4,160
Maltese 795 360 435
Tigrigna 21,860 11,050 10,810
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 250 135 115
Austro-Asiatic languages 127,730 58,660 69,070
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,650 4,765 5,880
Vietnamese 116,785 53,735 63,055
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 300 160 135
Austronesian languages 326,245 149,550 176,700
Bikol 760 370 395
Bisaya, n.o.s. 4,125 1,895 2,230
Cebuano 10,195 4,720 5,480
Fijian 200 110 85
Hiligaynon 5,015 2,265 2,750
Ilocano 18,350 8,350 10,000
Indonesian 4,150 1,985 2,170
Kankanaey 585 265 320
Kinaray-a 320 150 170
Malagasy languages 725 370 355
Merina 330 165 170
Malagasy, n.o.s. 390 205 190
Malay 280 145 140
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 3,030 1,435 1,590
Pangasinan 680 310 375
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 275,045 125,870 149,170
Waray-Waray 680 325 360
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 2,100 1,000 1,105
Creole languages 35,195 15,455 19,740
Haitian Creole 22,610 9,620 12,990
Jamaican English Creole 300 125 175
Krio 360 150 210
Morisyen 3,640 1,760 1,880
Sango 295 135 160
Creole, n.o.s. 7,120 3,275 3,845
Creole languages, n.i.e. 870 395 475
Dravidian languages 169,705 85,265 84,440
Kannada 3,060 1,575 1,485
Malayalam 35,390 19,010 16,380
Tamil 112,335 54,240 58,095
Telugu 18,470 10,215 8,250
Tulu 240 120 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 205 105 105
Georgian 1,335 730 610
Hmong-Mien languages 215 105 120
Indo-European languages 2,264,155 1,111,775 1,152,380
Albanian 14,110 7,005 7,100
Armenian 21,970 10,415 11,550
Balto-Slavic languages 303,480 143,495 159,985
Baltic languages 2,495 1,120 1,380
Latvian 880 395 485
Lithuanian 1,615 720 895
Slavic languages 300,985 142,375 158,610
Belarusian 215 100 115
Bulgarian 10,315 5,005 5,310
Czech 5,680 2,705 2,980
Macedonian 6,105 2,880 3,225
Polish 65,140 30,225 34,915
Russian 125,780 59,290 66,490
Rusyn 290 155 135
Serbo-Croatian 53,150 25,720 27,430
Bosnian 6,480 3,135 3,345
Croatian 14,925 6,965 7,960
Serbian 31,110 15,310 15,800
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 640 315 325
Slovak 5,015 2,410 2,605
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,375 595 785
Ukrainian 27,825 13,250 14,580
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40
Celtic languages 555 295 265
Irish 310 165 145
Scottish Gaelic 105 55 55
Welsh 100 55 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Germanic languages 140,450 68,575 71,875
Frisian 270 110 155
High German languages 103,780 50,460 53,325
German 86,820 41,815 45,005
Pennsylvania German 7,270 3,640 3,630
Swiss German 1,750 870 875
Yiddish 7,950 4,140 3,810
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 33,710 16,730 16,980
Afrikaans 6,095 3,055 3,035
Dutch 8,100 3,950 4,150
Low German, n.o.s. 4,965 2,480 2,485
Low Saxon 490 240 245
Plautdietsch 13,845 6,895 6,945
Vlaams (Flemish) 220 100 120
Scandinavian languages 1,940 920 1,020
Danish 615 280 340
Icelandic 175 75 95
Norwegian 260 125 135
Swedish 890 435 450
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 740 355 390
Greek 38,300 17,490 20,810
Indo-Iranian languages 1,167,370 590,435 576,930
Indo-Aryan languages 962,820 490,815 472,000
Assamese 215 110 110
Bengali 56,750 28,435 28,315
Gujarati 92,005 47,790 44,215
Hindi 91,930 47,555 44,375
Kacchi 3,055 1,310 1,750
Kashmiri 270 130 140
Konkani 880 415 470
Marathi 7,460 3,800 3,660
Nepali 16,835 8,595 8,235
Oriya languages 795 420 375
Odia 525 275 250
Oriya, n.o.s. 270 145 130
Punjabi (Panjabi) 520,390 266,775 253,610
Rohingya 410 195 215
Sindhi 2,110 1,060 1,050
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 9,665 4,775 4,890
Urdu 158,040 78,420 79,615
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 2,015 1,040 975
Iranian languages 204,420 99,545 104,875
Baluchi 330 170 155
Kurdish 10,380 5,245 5,135
Parsi 280 130 150
Pashto 13,215 6,670 6,545
Persian languages 179,745 87,075 92,670
Dari 36,190 17,395 18,795
Iranian Persian 125,840 61,060 64,780
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 17,715 8,620 9,095
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 475 250 225
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 125 70 55
Italic (Romance) languages 577,735 273,965 303,770
Catalan 370 185 190
Italian 92,755 38,750 54,005
Portuguese 118,730 56,685 62,045
Romanian 48,090 23,135 24,955
Spanish 317,365 155,005 162,360
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 425 210 220
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95
Japanese 20,055 8,290 11,765
Korean 125,525 58,250 67,275
Mongolian 1,050 505 545
Niger-Congo languages 38,600 18,055 20,545
Akan (Twi) 6,000 2,755 3,240
Bamanankan 560 280 280
Edo 365 150 215
Éwé 470 225 245
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,315 665 650
Ga 260 115 150
Ganda 555 260 295
Gikuyu 105 50 55
Igbo 1,530 770 765
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,720 1,205 1,520
Lingala 1,520 655 860
Luba-Kasai 90 35 60
Mòoré 70 30 35
Mwani 160 85 75
Ndebele 295 130 160
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,780 1,760 2,025
Shona 1,035 480 555
Soninke 235 145 85
Sotho-Tswana languages 130 45 85
Swahili 7,055 3,290 3,765
Wojenaka 290 130 160
Wolof 1,945 1,040 910
Yoruba 5,395 2,505 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,720 1,250 1,470
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,155 1,555 1,600
Dinka 900 485 420
Nuer 645 295 355
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,465 705 760
African, n.o.s. 140 75 70
Sign languages 12,160 7,005 5,160
American Sign Language 8,175 4,660 3,515
Quebec Sign Language 1,475 830 645
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,520 1,515 1,000
Sino-Tibetan languages 967,965 450,210 517,755
Chinese languages 955,685 444,115 511,565
Hakka 3,625 1,645 1,985
Mandarin 530,945 249,675 281,270
Min Dong 775 370 405
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,945 6,255 7,685
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,750 2,705 3,050
Yue (Cantonese) 393,430 180,000 213,435
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,985 3,360 3,625
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 225 110 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,990 5,960 6,035
Burmese 2,075 1,010 1,070
Kuki-Chin languages 660 320 340
Karenic languages 3,400 1,725 1,675
S'gaw Karen 2,960 1,500 1,460
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210
Tibetan 5,395 2,680 2,705
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 465 225 240
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 290 135 155
Tai-Kadai languages 10,120 4,660 5,460
Lao 5,955 2,850 3,105
Thai 3,955 1,725 2,230
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 210 85 125
Turkic languages 32,490 16,530 15,960
Azerbaijani 2,200 1,095 1,105
Kazakh 105 55 50
Turkish 27,970 14,290 13,685
Uyghur 850 420 435
Uzbek 950 470 480
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 410 195 210
Uralic languages 18,790 8,625 10,165
Estonian 615 245 370
Finnish 1,880 825 1,050
Hungarian 16,295 7,550 8,745
Other languages, n.i.e. 390 195 195
Multiple responses 1,563,345 758,295 805,045
English and French 230,955 112,070 118,880
English and non-official language(s) 1,123,355 546,255 577,095
French and non-official language(s) 125,525 60,405 65,125
English, French and non-official language(s) 56,805 27,370 29,430
Multiple non-official languages 26,705 12,190 14,515
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 36,620,955 18,063,870 18,557,085
None 31,053,450 15,366,470 15,686,980
English 1,956,965 969,380 987,580
French 571,040 268,530 302,510
Non-official language 2,248,130 1,071,870 1,176,260
Indigenous39 63,565 29,285 34,280
Non-Indigenous 2,184,565 1,042,590 1,141,975
English and French 86,185 42,600 43,585
English and non-official language(s) 323,845 161,995 161,850
French and non-official language(s) 134,565 61,575 72,995
English, French and non-official language(s) 11,870 5,975 5,895
Multiple non-official languages 234,905 115,470 119,430
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 36,328,480 17,937,165 18,391,310
Official languages 35,644,660 17,656,300 17,988,360
English 31,628,570 15,769,105 15,859,470
French 10,563,235 5,115,365 5,447,875
Non-official languages 10,724,700 5,156,300 5,568,400
Indigenous languages39 243,155 116,360 126,795
Algonquian languages 163,815 78,135 85,675
Blackfoot 6,680 3,120 3,560
Cree-Innu languages 105,850 50,975 54,870
Atikamekw 6,815 3,455 3,360
Cree languages 87,875 42,340 45,530
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 420 220 200
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 895 450 445
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 4,880 2,320 2,555
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 4,675 2,025 2,645
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 12,005 5,440 6,555
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5,110 2,460 2,650
Cree, n.o.s. 61,000 29,930 31,070
Innu (Montagnais) 10,745 4,935 5,805
Naskapi 1,035 515 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10,035 4,770 5,260
Mi'kmaq 9,245 4,370 4,880
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 820 420 400
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 42,865 20,015 22,850
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 1,950 895 1,060
Oji-Cree 15,305 7,450 7,855
Ojibway languages 26,160 11,930 14,235
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 2,035 875 1,165
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 215 80 135
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 3,625 1,670 1,955
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20,720 9,495 11,225
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 165 100 65
Athabaskan languages 20,390 9,635 10,755
Northern Athabaskan languages 20,135 9,515 10,620
Dakelh (Carrier) 1,550 680 870
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 270 125 145
Dene, n.o.s. 11,560 5,470 6,085
Gwich'in 295 115 180
Slavey-Hare languages 2,330 1,140 1,190
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 775 355 420
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 415 195 215
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,210 620 590
Tahltan languages 480 265 220
Kaska (Nahani) 245 130 115
Tahltan 235 140 100
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,140 1,080 1,060
Tse'khene (Sekani) 135 40 95
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 870 400 470
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 175 75 100
Tutchone languages 320 120 190
Northern Tutchone 135 50 85
Southern Tutchone 140 50 85
Tutchone, n.o.s. 50 25 25
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 290 140 150
Tlingit 150 75 75
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55
Haida 245 90 155
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 42,795 20,980 21,820
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,140 505 630
Inuinnaqtun 795 365 430
Inuvialuktun 350 145 205
Inuktitut 41,680 20,495 21,185
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40
Iroquoian languages 2,055 880 1,175
Cayuga 230 95 135
Mohawk 1,605 655 950
Oneida 210 105 110
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 215 90 120
Michif 1,905 850 1,050
Salish languages 5,305 2,555 2,755
Halkomelem 1,415 670 745
Lillooet 600 285 305
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 510 300 215
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 1,090 510 580
Squamish 350 165 185
Straits 325 135 185
Syilx (Okanagan) 705 320 390
Salish languages, n.i.e. 360 190 175
Siouan languages 2,965 1,465 1,495
Assiniboine 370 195 175
Dakota 1,530 715 810
Stoney 925 470 455
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 325 180 140
Tsimshian languages 2,665 1,335 1,335
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,135 555 580
Nisga'a 1,110 595 515
Tsimshian 465 210 255
Wakashan languages 2,205 1,010 1,200
Haisla 295 145 145
Heiltsuk 335 170 170
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 820 355 465
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 700 315 390
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 645 310 335
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 855 405 450
Non-Indigenous languages 10,485,595 5,041,770 5,443,825
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,100,035 565,845 534,195
Berber languages 42,835 22,775 20,060
Kabyle 37,415 19,660 17,755
Tamazight 4,735 2,720 2,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,330 750 575
Chadic languages 7,090 3,740 3,350
Hausa 5,080 2,695 2,380
Mina 2,010 1,040 965
Coptic 3,690 1,790 1,900
Cushitic languages 71,930 34,430 37,500
Bilen 2,745 1,490 1,260
Oromo 9,635 4,860 4,780
Somali 59,005 27,735 31,270
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 1,400 760 645
Semitic languages 1,015,485 524,700 490,780
Amharic 48,305 23,910 24,395
Arabic 838,045 436,510 401,540
Aramaic languages 39,655 19,690 19,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 23,865 11,765 12,100
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 13,285 6,625 6,655
Aramaic, n.o.s. 3,195 1,625 1,570
Harari 2,000 925 1,075
Hebrew 83,205 42,515 40,685
Maltese 6,535 3,080 3,450
Tigrigna 45,970 23,120 22,845
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,760 1,065 695
Austro-Asiatic languages 260,030 120,035 139,995
Khmer (Cambodian) 28,390 13,100 15,290
Vietnamese 232,800 107,435 125,355
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 910 455 455
Austronesian languages 793,275 336,445 456,840
Bikol 4,260 1,975 2,275
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10,990 4,625 6,375
Cebuano 33,045 13,790 19,250
Fijian 1,765 900 865
Hiligaynon 16,385 6,650 9,735
Ilocano 61,680 25,280 36,400
Indonesian 19,815 8,895 10,915
Kankanaey 1,950 770 1,175
Kinaray-a 860 345 510
Malagasy languages 3,885 1,960 1,920
Merina 2,355 1,215 1,140
Malagasy, n.o.s. 1,565 785 780
Malay 10,770 4,995 5,775
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10,555 4,690 5,865
Pangasinan 4,455 1,885 2,575
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 737,565 310,735 426,830
Waray-Waray 4,520 1,910 2,610
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20,140 8,785 11,355
Creole languages 184,840 85,045 99,790
Haitian Creole 134,895 61,215 73,680
Jamaican English Creole 4,875 2,200 2,675
Krio 1,955 870 1,090
Morisyen 15,345 7,620 7,725
Sango 1,535 785 750
Creole, n.o.s. 31,220 14,400 16,825
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,585 4,575 5,005
Dravidian languages 359,485 185,160 174,325
Kannada 18,420 9,660 8,760
Malayalam 77,910 42,025 35,890
Tamil 237,890 119,570 118,320
Telugu 54,685 30,575 24,110
Tulu 1,765 935 835
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 970 450 520
Georgian 3,015 1,565 1,445
Hmong-Mien languages 720 365 360
Indo-European languages 5,849,775 2,867,575 2,982,195
Albanian 38,345 19,410 18,935
Armenian 44,500 21,675 22,825
Balto-Slavic languages 820,305 384,390 435,915
Baltic languages 13,890 5,900 7,985
Latvian 6,020 2,595 3,425
Lithuanian 7,895 3,325 4,570
Slavic languages 809,985 380,025 429,960
Belarusian 2,825 1,185 1,640
Bulgarian 24,210 11,805 12,400
Czech 28,625 13,595 15,030
Macedonian 23,015 10,965 12,050
Polish 204,460 94,135 110,325
Russian 309,235 145,375 163,860
Rusyn 680 345 330
Serbo-Croatian 155,775 76,800 78,975
Bosnian 25,380 12,555 12,825
Croatian 73,845 36,015 37,830
Serbian 83,735 41,550 42,185
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 3,085 1,590 1,500
Slovak 20,905 9,455 11,450
Slovene (Slovenian) 10,650 4,715 5,935
Ukrainian 131,655 59,230 72,425
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 770 385 385
Celtic languages 10,485 5,430 5,055
Irish 5,360 2,940 2,415
Scottish Gaelic 2,170 1,050 1,120
Welsh 2,170 1,015 1,155
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 910 495 415
Germanic languages 658,705 319,800 338,905
Frisian 2,835 1,480 1,350
High German languages 453,995 222,215 231,780
German 419,195 204,840 214,355
Pennsylvania German 10,565 5,260 5,305
Swiss German 10,465 5,025 5,440
Yiddish 20,155 10,105 10,045
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 191,840 93,435 98,405
Afrikaans 29,670 15,335 14,335
Dutch 107,985 51,330 56,650
Low German, n.o.s. 10,555 5,245 5,315
Low Saxon 1,310 640 670
Plautdietsch 41,165 20,590 20,575
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,985 1,825 2,155
Scandinavian languages 37,500 17,205 20,300
Danish 14,700 6,805 7,900
Icelandic 1,475 685 790
Norwegian 8,860 4,180 4,675
Swedish 14,620 6,765 7,855
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,275 720 555
Greek 145,060 71,685 73,375
Indo-Iranian languages 2,263,825 1,162,830 1,100,990
Indo-Aryan languages 1,918,570 989,350 929,220
Assamese 1,155 590 565
Bengali 120,605 62,330 58,270
Gujarati 209,415 110,000 99,405
Hindi 761,425 395,410 366,015
Kacchi 15,085 6,785 8,300
Kashmiri 1,830 965 865
Konkani 8,950 4,300 4,645
Marathi 35,230 18,210 17,020
Nepali 30,660 15,680 14,980
Oriya languages 3,235 1,665 1,570
Odia 1,710 925 785
Oriya, n.o.s. 1,550 755 795
Punjabi (Panjabi) 942,170 488,075 454,090
Rohingya 765 345 420
Sindhi 8,385 4,480 3,910
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 33,050 16,645 16,400
Urdu 414,870 211,895 202,975
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 11,320 6,280 5,040
Iranian languages 370,520 186,750 183,770
Baluchi 985 565 420
Kurdish 24,035 13,005 11,030
Parsi 1,000 535 470
Pashto 31,695 16,810 14,885
Persian languages 326,285 163,665 162,620
Dari 78,220 38,765 39,460
Iranian Persian 222,160 111,750 110,415
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30,345 15,460 14,880
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,830 970 855
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,135 1,245 895
Italic (Romance) languages 2,054,885 975,310 1,079,575
Catalan 2,855 1,560 1,305
Italian 547,655 263,950 283,705
Portuguese 336,865 164,985 171,880
Romanian 116,520 55,570 60,950
Spanish 1,171,450 548,315 623,135
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 4,890 2,835 2,060
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 1,965 1,025 940
Japanese 98,070 43,380 54,690
Korean 203,885 92,275 111,605
Mongolian 2,545 1,085 1,455
Niger-Congo languages 267,520 131,495 136,025
Akan (Twi) 26,240 12,585 13,660
Bamanankan 4,950 2,570 2,380
Edo 4,945 2,315 2,630
Éwé 4,645 2,490 2,165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 7,840 4,100 3,740
Ga 3,255 1,565 1,685
Ganda 4,650 2,055 2,600
Gikuyu 1,850 750 1,100
Igbo 18,365 9,345 9,020
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 13,515 6,305 7,210
Lingala 25,720 12,260 13,460
Luba-Kasai 2,695 1,300 1,395
Mòoré 2,085 1,055 1,035
Mwani 1,080 585 490
Ndebele 2,425 1,140 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 14,825 7,070 7,755
Shona 7,280 3,440 3,845
Soninke 1,010 650 360
Sotho-Tswana languages 1,305 580 725
Swahili 57,295 28,950 28,340
Wojenaka 2,820 1,440 1,380
Wolof 12,940 6,925 6,015
Yoruba 50,935 25,265 25,675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 43,625 21,935 21,685
Nilo-Saharan languages 11,090 5,570 5,530
Dinka 2,815 1,470 1,345
Nuer 1,490 685 805
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 6,815 3,425 3,385
African, n.o.s. 2,760 1,485 1,275
Sign languages 49,535 19,685 29,850
American Sign Language 37,620 14,430 23,195
Quebec Sign Language 6,195 2,525 3,670
Sign languages, n.i.e. 7,450 3,515 3,940
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,550,930 721,520 829,410
Chinese languages 1,528,860 710,700 818,160
Hakka 14,830 6,845 7,980
Mandarin 987,300 452,995 534,305
Min Dong 1,825 840 980
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 51,755 22,840 28,920
Wu (Shanghainese) 13,660 6,060 7,600
Yue (Cantonese) 724,925 335,185 389,740
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,720 5,695 6,020
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 1,185 560 625
Tibeto-Burman languages 22,300 10,955 11,345
Burmese 5,935 2,910 3,025
Kuki-Chin languages 1,140 520 620
Karenic languages 5,705 2,790 2,915
S'gaw Karen 5,030 2,490 2,545
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 845 395 450
Tibetan 9,160 4,565 4,590
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,940 890 1,050
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 1,220 540 680
Tai-Kadai languages 33,705 14,255 19,440
Lao 17,630 8,320 9,310
Thai 18,575 6,955 11,615
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 800 330 465
Turkic languages 91,375 47,575 43,800
Azerbaijani 9,875 5,380 4,490
Kazakh 1,415 600 815
Turkish 78,500 41,130 37,365
Uyghur 1,660 790 875
Uzbek 3,290 1,645 1,640
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,150 980 1,165
Uralic languages 85,055 39,290 45,765
Estonian 5,315 2,320 2,990
Finnish 15,325 6,735 8,590
Hungarian 64,625 30,320 34,300
Other languages, n.i.e. 5,545 2,750 2,790
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 36,328,480 17,937,165 18,391,315
Indigenous identity45 1,807,250 877,645 929,605
Single Indigenous responses46 1,743,165 847,385 895,785
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,048,405 506,515 541,890
Métis 624,220 306,220 318,000
Inuk (Inuit) 70,540 34,645 35,895
Multiple Indigenous responses47 28,855 13,645 15,215
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 35,225 16,620 18,610
Non-Indigenous identity 34,521,230 17,059,520 17,461,710
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 36,328,480 17,937,165 18,391,315
Registered or Treaty Indian49 831,720 402,310 429,405
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 35,496,755 17,534,850 17,961,905
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 14,978,940 ... ...
Owner 9,955,975 ... ...
Renter 4,953,840 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 69,130 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 14,978,940 ... ...
Condominium 2,248,280 ... ...
Not condominium 12,730,660 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 14,978,940 ... ...
No bedrooms 132,060 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,124,485 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,829,965 ... ...
3 bedrooms 4,982,900 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 3,909,525 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 14,978,940 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 4,662,125 ... ...
5 rooms 2,323,910 ... ...
6 rooms 2,037,185 ... ...
7 rooms 1,796,855 ... ...
8 or more rooms 4,158,855 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 14,978,940 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 14,625,230 ... ...
More than one person per room 353,715 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 14,978,940 ... ...
Suitable 14,173,290 ... ...
Not suitable 805,650 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 14,978,940 ... ...
1960 or before 3,027,045 ... ...
1961 to 1980 4,171,840 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,982,515 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,805,985 ... ...
2001 to 2005 959,860 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,034,925 ... ...
2011 to 2015 967,540 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,029,220 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 14,978,940 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 14,059,395 ... ...
Major repairs needed 919,545 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 14,978,940 ... ...
One-maintainer household 7,659,700 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 6,631,755 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 687,485 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 14,978,940 ... ...
15 to 24 years 424,695 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,077,895 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,600,000 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,646,945 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,046,560 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,432,140 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,292,805 ... ...
85 years and over 457,900 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 14,687,350 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 11,612,640 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,074,715 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 2,742,920 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 14,978,940 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 4,379,420 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 2,728,995 ... ...
Not suitable only 595,110 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 645,465 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 135,770 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 199,355 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 64,095 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10,630 ... ...
Acceptable housing 10,599,520 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 14,355,555 ... ...
In core need 1,451,025 ... ...
Not in core need 12,904,530 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 9,807,720 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 14.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,240 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,498 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 472,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 618,500 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,936,850 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 20.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,070 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,209 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 69,130 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 5.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 284 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 327 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 36,328,475 17,937,165 18,391,315
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 985,200 480,950 504,245
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 963,705 470,850 492,855
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 763,230 371,400 391,825
Métis single ancestry 146,010 72,680 73,325
Inuit single ancestry 54,475 26,770 27,700
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 21,490 10,095 11,395
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 17,665 8,215 9,450
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 2,430 1,185 1,250
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 1,070 530 535
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 320 165 155
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,219,285 585,590 633,690
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,183,350 568,980 614,365
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 801,630 384,550 417,075
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 362,130 174,975 187,150
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 19,595 9,450 10,150
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 35,930 16,605 19,320
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 31,815 14,790 17,025
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,785 1,190 1,595
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,005 500 505
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 330 125 210
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 34,124,000 16,870,625 17,253,375
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 36,328,475 17,937,165 18,391,310
Canadian citizens77 33,143,225 16,360,910 16,782,315
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,784,875 3,486,545 3,298,330
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 26,358,355 12,874,365 13,483,990
Not Canadian citizens78 3,185,250 1,576,255 1,608,995
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 36,328,475 17,937,165 18,391,310
Non-immigrants80 27,042,120 13,461,515 13,580,610
Immigrants81 8,361,505 3,976,160 4,385,340
Before 1980 1,540,610 731,340 809,265
1980 to 1990 924,320 443,805 480,520
1991 to 2000 1,511,475 708,315 803,165
2001 to 2010 1,930,525 911,190 1,019,340
2011 to 202182 2,454,570 1,181,515 1,273,055
2011 to 2015 1,126,330 536,615 589,715
2016 to 2021 1,328,240 644,900 683,335
Non-permanent residents83 924,850 499,490 425,365
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 8,361,505 3,976,160 4,385,345
Under 5 years 748,265 377,795 370,470
5 to 14 years 1,438,440 730,675 707,765
15 to 24 years 1,594,290 720,630 873,660
25 to 44 years 3,783,335 1,782,805 2,000,525
45 years and over 797,180 364,260 432,920
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 8,361,505 3,976,160 4,385,345
Americas 1,203,180 546,325 656,855
Brazil 48,450 22,405 26,050
Colombia 80,570 36,675 43,900
El Salvador 49,450 24,430 25,015
Guyana 85,530 37,870 47,660
Haiti 99,945 44,585 55,360
Jamaica 145,360 63,430 81,925
Mexico 90,585 42,215 48,370
Peru 31,420 13,925 17,490
Trinidad and Tobago 65,035 29,110 35,930
United States of America 256,090 115,380 140,705
Other places of birth in Americas 250,760 116,305 134,460
Europe 1,967,620 955,840 1,011,785
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,925 17,705 18,220
Croatia 36,675 18,115 18,560
France 121,525 63,845 57,685
Germany 126,470 60,560 65,915
Greece 54,715 27,050 27,665
Hungary 31,050 14,595 16,450
Italy 204,065 101,445 102,625
Netherlands 75,830 39,020 36,810
Poland 135,030 60,660 74,370
Portugal 128,795 62,880 65,910
Romania 86,770 40,820 45,955
Russian Federation 81,840 35,185 46,650
Serbia86 31,925 15,480 16,450
Ukraine 81,135 36,840 44,295
United Kingdom87 464,135 229,710 234,430
Other places of birth in Europe 271,725 131,935 139,790
Africa 821,735 412,365 409,375
Algeria 79,660 41,065 38,600
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 33,110 15,775 17,340
Egypt 73,710 38,730 34,980
Eritrea 31,385 16,575 14,815
Ethiopia 41,715 19,955 21,760
Morocco 81,775 41,085 40,685
Nigeria 81,290 41,665 39,620
Somalia 32,500 14,600 17,900
South Africa, Republic of 51,590 25,740 25,855
Other places of birth in Africa 314,995 157,170 157,825
Asia 4,307,000 2,030,575 2,276,420
Afghanistan 62,450 30,940 31,515
Iran88 182,940 92,300 90,645
Iraq 84,130 42,660 41,465
Lebanon 95,725 50,675 45,055
Syria89 97,590 49,855 47,735
Turkey 35,270 18,835 16,435
China90 715,835 317,970 397,860
Hong Kong91 213,855 100,480 113,375
Korea, South92 138,355 63,025 75,325
Taiwan 65,365 28,725 36,635
Philippines 719,580 305,115 414,460
Viet Nam 182,095 82,670 99,425
Bangladesh 70,090 35,675 34,415
India 898,050 451,120 446,930
Pakistan 234,105 118,390 115,715
Sri Lanka 136,240 66,215 70,030
Other places of birth in Asia 375,340 175,930 199,410
Oceania and other places of birth93 61,965 31,055 30,910
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 1,328,240 644,900 683,340
Americas 154,490 74,275 80,215
Brazil 19,895 9,340 10,560
Colombia 11,455 5,090 6,365
Haiti 10,550 5,155 5,400
Jamaica 15,155 7,740 7,420
Mexico 17,150 8,405 8,745
United States of America 39,875 19,790 20,085
Venezuela95 7,060 2,980 4,075
Other places of birth in Americas 33,350 15,785 17,570
Europe 134,425 69,310 65,120
France 27,175 14,560 12,610
Germany 5,365 2,660 2,705
Ireland96 6,355 4,000 2,350
Italy 4,240 2,470 1,770
Russian Federation 10,905 4,335 6,570
Ukraine 14,515 6,570 7,945
United Kingdom87 22,755 13,550 9,200
Other places of birth in Europe 43,120 21,160 21,960
Africa 206,965 102,875 104,090
Algeria 15,745 7,530 8,220
Burundi 4,935 2,420 2,510
Cameroon 11,795 5,545 6,250
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 8,915 4,200 4,720
Côte d'Ivoire 7,915 3,795 4,125
Egypt 12,120 6,285 5,835
Eritrea 16,330 8,755 7,575
Ethiopia 9,385 4,415 4,970
Morocco 12,835 6,025 6,810
Nigeria 40,360 20,575 19,780
Somalia 6,315 3,240 3,075
South Africa, Republic of 8,510 4,290 4,220
Sudan97 4,690 2,375 2,315
Tunisia 8,155 4,185 3,975
Other places of birth in Africa 38,960 19,250 19,715
Asia 823,205 393,110 430,090
Afghanistan 12,730 6,290 6,440
Bangladesh 13,185 6,670 6,515
China90 118,035 50,365 67,665
Hong Kong91 6,495 2,880 3,620
India 246,995 128,205 118,790
Iran88 25,650 12,310 13,340
Iraq 17,715 8,835 8,875
Israel 4,850 2,565 2,290
Japan 4,445 1,035 3,410
Jordan 4,635 2,375 2,260
Korea, South92 20,985 8,790 12,200
Lebanon 9,980 5,120 4,860
Nepal 4,890 2,475 2,415
Pakistan 36,255 18,070 18,190
Philippines 151,490 66,720 84,765
Saudi Arabia 9,560 5,195 4,365
Sri Lanka 8,480 4,010 4,465
Syria89 63,130 32,725 30,410
Turkey 10,150 5,520 4,635
United Arab Emirates 8,405 4,325 4,085
Viet Nam 14,725 5,605 9,125
Other places of birth in Asia 30,410 13,035 17,375
Oceania and other93 9,160 5,335 3,825
Australia 6,535 3,845 2,685
Other places of birth98 2,625 1,490 1,135
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 36,328,480 17,937,165 18,391,315
First generation100 9,606,595 4,631,905 4,974,690
Second generation101 6,393,310 3,207,980 3,185,330
Third generation or more102 20,328,565 10,097,280 10,231,290
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 6,820,895 3,244,820 3,576,075
Economic immigrants104 3,673,705 1,837,625 1,836,090
Principal applicants105 1,556,675 935,790 620,885
Secondary applicants106 2,117,030 901,835 1,215,200
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,016,010 821,325 1,194,685
Refugees108 1,039,275 543,725 495,550
Other immigrants109 91,900 42,145 49,755
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 6,820,895 3,244,820 3,576,075
Asylum claim before admission111 416,105 222,895 193,205
Work permits only before admission112 705,405 324,370 381,035
Study permits only before admission113 183,250 92,135 91,110
Work and study permits before admission114 377,130 188,535 188,590
Other permits before admission115 39,540 15,685 23,855
No pre-admission experience116 5,099,470 2,401,190 2,698,280
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 36,328,480 17,937,165 18,391,315
Total visible minority population118 9,639,205 4,712,790 4,926,415
South Asian 2,571,400 1,324,120 1,247,275
Chinese 1,715,770 808,745 907,035
Black 1,547,870 754,100 793,765
Filipino 957,355 427,755 529,600
Arab 694,015 362,845 331,170
Latin American 580,235 281,030 299,200
Southeast Asian 390,340 184,120 206,220
West Asian 360,495 181,795 178,695
Korean 218,140 101,855 116,285
Japanese 98,890 42,315 56,575
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 172,885 83,310 89,580
Multiple visible minorities 331,805 160,790 171,010
Not a visible minority120 26,689,275 13,224,375 13,464,900
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 36,328,475 17,937,165 18,391,310
Canadian 5,677,205 2,836,675 2,840,530
English 5,322,830 2,600,245 2,722,580
Irish 4,413,120 2,102,610 2,310,505
Scottish 4,392,200 2,131,620 2,260,580
French, n.o.s.122 3,985,945 1,964,695 2,021,250
German 2,955,695 1,449,465 1,506,230
Chinese 1,713,870 806,365 907,500
Italian 1,546,390 774,250 772,140
Indian (India) 1,347,715 691,535 656,185
Ukrainian 1,258,635 612,455 646,175
Dutch 988,585 489,045 499,545
Polish 982,820 472,290 510,525
Québécois 981,635 490,130 491,510
British Isles, n.o.s.123 938,950 462,420 476,530
Filipino 925,490 414,915 510,570
French Canadian 906,315 441,610 464,705
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 691,260 347,080 344,175
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 632,340 304,220 328,120
Métis 560,335 271,985 288,350
European, n.o.s.126 551,910 278,060 273,850
Russian 548,140 260,075 288,065
Norwegian 466,500 224,290 242,210
Welsh 455,720 216,490 239,230
Portuguese 448,305 222,770 225,535
American 353,495 172,240 181,255
Spanish 342,040 160,475 181,570
Swedish 334,505 156,840 177,665
Hungarian 320,150 155,755 164,395
Acadian 305,170 145,500 159,675
Pakistani 303,260 154,435 148,825
African, n.o.s.127 301,955 148,335 153,625
Jewish 282,015 141,530 140,490
Punjabi 279,950 145,620 134,330
Vietnamese 275,530 131,075 144,445
Arab, n.o.s.128 263,710 138,210 125,500
Greek 262,140 132,975 129,160
Jamaican 249,070 119,265 129,805
Asian, n.o.s.129 226,220 107,785 118,435
Cree, n.o.s.130 219,855 105,825 114,030
Korean 217,650 101,805 115,845
Romanian 215,885 103,720 112,165
Lebanese 210,605 107,990 102,615
Iranian 200,465 100,790 99,675
Christian, n.i.e.131 200,340 99,800 100,540
Danish 196,945 96,220 100,725
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 194,840 94,035 100,810
Sikh 194,640 101,255 93,385
Austrian 189,535 92,740 96,800
Belgian 182,175 90,150 92,030
Haitian 178,990 84,510 94,490
Hindu 166,160 87,665 78,495
Mexican 155,495 77,435 78,055
Mennonite 155,095 77,735 77,360
Swiss 145,570 72,015 73,555
Finnish 144,055 69,270 74,785
Sri Lankan 132,410 65,175 67,240
Croatian 130,820 64,915 65,905
Japanese 129,425 56,850 72,580
South Asian, n.o.s.133 120,125 60,575 59,550
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 111,605 53,700 57,905
Northern European, n.o.s.135 110,735 54,730 56,005
Muslim 105,620 54,095 51,525
Egyptian 105,245 55,230 50,020
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 104,765 51,375 53,395
Tamil 102,170 51,165 51,005
Icelandic 101,990 50,370 51,620
Colombian 100,555 47,995 52,560
Moroccan 99,980 50,835 49,150
Czech 98,925 47,495 51,430
Syrian 98,250 49,385 48,865
Guyanese 97,210 46,270 50,940
Afghan 96,810 48,255 48,550
Black, n.o.s.137 94,585 44,335 50,250
Serbian 93,360 46,945 46,410
Ojibway 92,220 44,610 47,600
Newfoundlander 91,670 45,665 46,005
Hong Konger 81,680 39,485 42,195
Ontarian 80,555 39,675 40,880
Persian 80,340 41,415 38,925
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 77,405 37,655 39,750
Turkish 76,745 39,955 36,795
Inuit, n.o.s.138 76,675 37,315 39,365
Bangladeshi 75,425 39,085 36,335
Algerian 73,770 38,035 35,740
Brazilian 71,755 34,670 37,085
Nigerian 69,540 34,680 34,860
Armenian 68,850 34,105 34,745
Slovak 68,210 33,475 34,740
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 66,780 31,525 35,255
Somali 65,555 31,555 33,995
Taiwanese 64,020 29,280 34,740
Iraqi 59,300 29,865 29,435
Salvadorean 59,280 29,150 30,130
African Caribbean 59,050 26,385 32,670
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 58,870 27,845 31,025
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 58,840 30,560 28,280
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 57,195 25,715 31,475
Algonquin 56,070 27,025 29,040
West Indian, n.o.s.143 52,085 23,685 28,395
Lithuanian 52,040 24,510 27,530
South African 49,840 24,885 24,955
Australian 46,765 24,165 22,595
Palestinian 45,905 23,930 21,975
Chilean 45,685