Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Age
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Commuting
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Commuting duration
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Education
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Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
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Pre-admission experience
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Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
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Labour
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Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
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Work activity during the reference year
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GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic New Tecumseth, Town (T)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 43,948 ... ...
Population, 20161 34,242 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 28.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 16,249 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 15,854 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 160.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 273.87 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 43,945 21,625 22,325
0 to 14 years 8,395 4,240 4,155
0 to 4 years 3,020 1,515 1,505
5 to 9 years 2,765 1,380 1,385
10 to 14 years 2,605 1,345 1,260
15 to 64 years 27,670 13,810 13,860
15 to 19 years 2,315 1,150 1,165
20 to 24 years 2,115 1,165 955
25 to 29 years 2,450 1,250 1,190
30 to 34 years 3,420 1,655 1,770
35 to 39 years 3,525 1,775 1,745
40 to 44 years 2,780 1,380 1,395
45 to 49 years 2,625 1,285 1,340
50 to 54 years 2,700 1,330 1,365
55 to 59 years 3,040 1,490 1,555
60 to 64 years 2,715 1,325 1,390
65 years and over 7,880 3,575 4,305
65 to 69 years 2,195 1,040 1,160
70 to 74 years 2,110 955 1,155
75 to 79 years 1,550 705 845
80 to 84 years 1,080 505 570
85 years and over 950 370 575
85 to 89 years 630 260 375
90 to 94 years 245 95 150
95 to 99 years 60 15 40
100 years and over 15 0 10
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 19.6 18.6
15 to 64 years 63.0 63.9 62.1
65 years and over 17.9 16.5 19.3
85 years and over 2.2 1.7 2.6
Average age of the population 40.6 39.7 41.4
Median age of the population 39.6 38.8 40.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 15,855 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,225 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,110 ... ...
Row house 1,445 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 520 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,385 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 75 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 60 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 15,850 ... ...
1 person 3,145 ... ...
2 persons 5,260 ... ...
3 persons 2,805 ... ...
4 persons 2,840 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,810 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 43,460 21,450 22,015
Average household size 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 35,555 17,385 18,165
Married or living common-law 22,310 11,145 11,165
Married 18,465 9,240 9,225
Living common-law 3,845 1,910 1,935
Living common law - Never married 2,615 1,305 1,310
Living common law - Separated 250 130 120
Living common law - Divorced 845 410 435
Living common law - Widowed 135 60 75
Not married and not living common-law 13,245 6,240 7,005
Not married and not living common law - Never married 8,385 4,675 3,710
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,055 440 615
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,855 720 1,135
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,950 405 1,545
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 12,835 ... ...
2 persons 5,965 ... ...
3 persons 2,885 ... ...
4 persons 2,850 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,135 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 12,835 ... ...
Total couple families 10,965 ... ...
Married couples 9,040 ... ...
With children6 5,165 ... ...
Without children 3,880 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,920 ... ...
With children6 900 ... ...
Without children 1,025 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,870 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,445 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 425 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 43,460 21,450 22,015
Total - Persons in census families 38,030 18,865 19,160
Married spouses or common-law partners 21,930 10,945 10,985
Parents in one-parent families 1,870 425 1,445
Children6 14,225 7,495 6,730
In a two-parent family 11,215 5,865 5,355
In a one-parent family 3,015 1,635 1,375
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,430 2,585 2,850
Living alone 3,140 1,400 1,745
Living with other relatives7 1,125 485 640
Living with non-relatives only 1,165 700 465
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 15,855 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 10,755 ... ...
Couple-family households 9,470 ... ...
With children6 5,250 ... ...
Without children 4,225 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,285 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 750 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 135 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 610 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 455 ... ...
One-person households 3,140 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 35,075 17,215 17,860
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,940 16,670 17,270
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,600 54,400 38,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,985 16,695 17,290
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,800 47,200 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,825 15,565 15,255
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 50,800 30,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,440 13,390 12,055
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 52,000 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,695 14,795 15,900
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,900 6,120 11,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,680 1,525 2,160
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 5,720 6,080
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,180 4,915 5,265
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 6,550 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 35,095 17,210 17,885
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 34,020 16,640 17,380
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,550 61,900 45,560
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 34,030 16,650 17,380
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,080 51,120 39,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,860 15,550 15,315
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,520 57,800 39,120
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,440 13,375 12,065
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,200 57,200 40,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,605 14,655 15,950
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,600 8,970 12,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,570 1,510 2,060
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,970 6,235 7,510
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,170 5,010 5,160
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,350 8,000 8,700
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 35,095 17,210 17,880
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 13,015 7,565 5,455
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,500 73,500 57,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,700 78,700 62,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,340 4,235 5,105
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,200 23,200 16,800
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,240 33,120 24,180
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.2 87.2 75.6
Employment income (%)19 68.6 74.4 61.4
Government transfers (%)20 17.8 12.8 24.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 0.9 2.0
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.3 4.2 6.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 3.9 5.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 35,080 17,220 17,865
Without total income 1,135 545 590
With total income 33,945 16,670 17,270
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,360 930 1,435
$10,000 to $19,999 3,700 1,425 2,270
$20,000 to $29,999 4,670 1,855 2,815
$30,000 to $39,999 4,085 1,645 2,440
$40,000 to $49,999 3,775 1,705 2,070
$50,000 to $59,999 3,450 1,660 1,795
$60,000 to $69,999 2,790 1,470 1,325
$70,000 to $79,999 2,320 1,395 925
$80,000 to $89,999 1,770 1,130 635
$90,000 to $99,999 1,365 900 470
$100,000 and over 3,650 2,560 1,090
$100,000 to $149,999 2,800 1,910 890
$150,000 and over 850 650 205
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 35,080 17,220 17,865
Without after-tax income 1,095 525 575
With after-tax income 33,980 16,695 17,285
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,540 985 1,550
$10,000 to $19,999 3,875 1,495 2,385
$20,000 to $29,999 5,350 2,160 3,195
$30,000 to $39,999 4,845 2,065 2,785
$40,000 to $49,999 4,730 2,270 2,465
$50,000 to $59,999 3,765 1,965 1,795
$60,000 to $69,999 2,970 1,785 1,190
$70,000 to $79,999 2,090 1,385 705
$80,000 to $89,999 1,520 960 560
$90,000 to $99,999 885 595 290
$100,000 and over 1,405 1,035 365
$100,000 to $124,999 805 600 205
$125,000 and over 600 435 160
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 35,080 17,220 17,865
Without employment income 9,635 3,830 5,810
With employment income 25,440 13,385 12,055
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,255 1,500 1,755
$5,000 to $9,999 1,905 775 1,135
$10,000 to $19,999 2,815 1,185 1,630
$20,000 to $29,999 2,140 975 1,160
$30,000 to $39,999 2,180 975 1,200
$40,000 to $49,999 2,260 1,035 1,225
$50,000 to $59,999 2,145 1,140 1,005
$60,000 to $69,999 1,830 1,045 785
$70,000 to $79,999 1,640 1,055 580
$80,000 to $89,999 1,335 900 435
$90,000 to $99,999 1,110 720 385
$100,000 and over 2,835 2,085 750
$100,000 to $124,999 1,630 1,150 480
$125,000 and over 1,205 935 265
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 35,075 17,215 17,860
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,430 16,395 17,040
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400 53,600 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,440 16,390 17,045
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 46,400 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,590 15,410 15,175
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,600 52,000 32,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,495 13,380 12,115
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,600 53,200 35,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 28,970 13,865 15,105
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,040 900 6,450
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 2,915 1,180 1,735
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,080 5,560 6,600
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 35,095 17,210 17,885
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,500 16,305 17,195
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,750 61,000 43,040
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,515 16,305 17,205
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,280 49,720 37,160
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,595 15,325 15,270
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,600 59,550 39,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,490 13,330 12,155
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,120 58,900 40,440
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,885 13,630 15,255
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,490 6,035 8,790
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,970 1,225 1,740
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,880 6,380 8,930
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 35,095 17,210 17,880
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 12,920 7,520 5,400
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,200 71,000 54,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,600 77,800 58,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,780 3,990 4,790
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,200 33,200 22,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,920 39,600 29,240
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.6 91.8 81.8
Employment income (%) 73.6 79.0 66.4
Government transfers (%) 12.5 8.3 18.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 0.8 2.1
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 15,850 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 3,140 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 12,710 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 15,850 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 114,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 96,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,160 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 59,150 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,680 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 12,695 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 128,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 108,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 15,850 ... ...
Under $5,000 60 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 85 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 150 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 260 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 290 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 375 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 435 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 430 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 945 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 990 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,000 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,005 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,400 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,460 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,075 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,220 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,645 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 15,850 ... ...
Under $5,000 80 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 35 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 90 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 155 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 285 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 425 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 345 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 445 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 540 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 505 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,180 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,235 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,290 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,305 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,270 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,670 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,740 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,705 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,225 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 12,420 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 117,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 4,305 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 6,110 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 137,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 117,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,615 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 4,310 2,100 2,205
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 46,000 51,200 42,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 40,800 44,400 38,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 12,425 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 127,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 107,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,290 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,085 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 148,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,655 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 91,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 80,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 4,275 1,995 2,280
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 54,900 58,650 51,650
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 46,400 48,600 44,480
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 43,460 21,450 22,010
0 to 17 years 9,825 4,945 4,880
0 to 5 years 3,590 1,805 1,780
18 to 64 years 26,140 13,050 13,090
65 years and over 7,500 3,455 4,045
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,430 1,100 1,330
0 to 17 years 680 330 350
0 to 5 years 275 145 135
18 to 64 years 1,265 605 660
65 years and over 490 170 320
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.6 5.1 6.0
0 to 17 years (%) 6.9 6.6 7.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 7.9 7.5
18 to 64 years (%) 4.8 4.6 5.0
65 years and over (%) 6.5 4.9 7.9
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 43,460 21,450 22,015
0 to 17 years 9,825 4,945 4,875
0 to 5 years 3,585 1,805 1,785
18 to 64 years 26,135 13,050 13,090
65 years and over 7,495 3,455 4,040
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 755 410 340
0 to 17 years 150 80 70
0 to 5 years 65 35 30
18 to 64 years 535 300 235
65 years and over 70 30 35
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 1.7 1.9 1.6
0 to 17 years (%) 1.5 1.6 1.4
0 to 5 years (%) 1.8 1.9 1.7
18 to 64 years (%) 2.1 2.3 1.8
65 years and over (%) 0.9 0.9 1.0
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 43,460 21,450 22,015
In bottom half of the distribution 18,175 8,725 9,450
In bottom decile 2,185 1,070 1,115
In second decile 3,190 1,440 1,750
In third decile 3,750 1,775 1,980
In fourth decile 4,190 2,075 2,115
In fifth decile 4,865 2,370 2,495
In top half of the distribution 25,285 12,725 12,565
In sixth decile 5,155 2,540 2,615
In seventh decile 5,340 2,670 2,675
In eighth decile 5,835 2,915 2,920
In ninth decile 5,290 2,715 2,575
In top decile 3,660 1,880 1,780
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 43,460 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.272 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.370 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.239 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 43,620 21,510 22,110
English only 41,175 20,475 20,700
French only 10 5 5
English and French 2,030 890 1,145
Neither English nor French 400 145 255
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 43,620 21,510 22,110
English 42,755 21,155 21,600
French 410 195 210
English and French 75 35 40
Neither English nor French 385 130 250
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 43,620 21,510 22,110
Single responses 42,245 20,835 21,410
Official languages 35,355 17,440 17,915
English 34,905 17,225 17,680
French 450 215 240
Non-official languages 6,890 3,395 3,490
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,890 3,395 3,490
Afro-Asiatic languages 575 290 285
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 5 0 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 5 0 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 570 285 285
Amharic 10 0 5
Arabic 170 95 80
Aramaic languages 360 170 185
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 315 150 165
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 5 0
Maltese 20 10 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 205 100 105
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20
Vietnamese 175 85 90
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 240 85 155
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 210 75 135
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Dravidian languages 385 195 190
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 25 20 10
Tamil 340 170 170
Telugu 15 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,895 2,455 2,445
Albanian 30 15 15
Armenian 25 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 870 405 465
Baltic languages 15 10 10
Latvian 5 0 5
Lithuanian 10 5 5
Slavic languages 850 395 455
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 0 5
Czech 15 10 5
Macedonian 30 10 15
Polish 365 165 195
Russian 260 130 130
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 65 30 40
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 45 15 25
Serbian 20 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Slovak 25 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10
Ukrainian 80 35 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 465 215 245
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 290 135 155
German 290 135 150
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 140 60 75
Afrikaans 5 5 0
Dutch 125 55 70
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 35 20 20
Danish 25 10 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 10 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 65 35 30
Indo-Iranian languages 990 525 465
Indo-Aryan languages 795 425 370
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 15 5 5
Gujarati 95 55 45
Hindi 70 35 35
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 0 0
Nepali 5 0 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 430 235 190
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5
Urdu 160 80 75
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 200 100 95
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 25 15 10
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 5
Persian languages 155 80 75
Dari 80 50 30
Iranian Persian 50 25 30
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30 10 20
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,445 1,255 1,195
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 1,010 530 480
Portuguese 520 270 250
Romanian 80 40 35
Spanish 840 410 430
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 30 10 15
Korean 90 35 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 75 35 40
Akan (Twi) 40 20 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 5 5
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 150 70 75
Chinese languages 150 70 75
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 90 45 45
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 55 20 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 0 20
Lao 15 0 10
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 85 45 45
Azerbaijani 5 5 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 80 40 40
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 115 50 60
Estonian 5 5 5
Finnish 25 10 10
Hungarian 80 35 45
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,380 680 700
English and French 125 55 70
English and non-official language(s) 1,125 565 565
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 100 45 50
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 43,620 21,510 22,110
English 36,585 18,065 18,520
French 35 20 20
Non-official language 1,440 700 745
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 1,440 700 745
English and French 310 145 160
English and non-official language(s) 4,975 2,455 2,525
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 115 55 60
Multiple non-official languages 150 70 80
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 43,620 21,510 22,110
Single responses 42,640 21,045 21,595
Official languages 39,555 19,520 20,040
English 39,480 19,480 20,000
French 80 40 40
Non-official languages 3,080 1,525 1,555
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,080 1,525 1,555
Afro-Asiatic languages 355 175 185
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 355 175 185
Amharic 0 0 5
Arabic 95 45 45
Aramaic languages 255 120 135
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 100 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 5
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 5 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 70 60
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10
Vietnamese 115 65 50
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 90 40 50
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 5 5 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 35 40
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 270 135 135
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 25 15 10
Tamil 230 115 120
Telugu 10 5 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,925 960 970
Albanian 10 5 5
Armenian 5 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 380 185 195
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 375 180 190
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 0 5
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 10 5 0
Polish 130 60 70
Russian 180 90 90
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 0 5
Serbian 0 5 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 15 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 35 10 25
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 25 5 15
German 25 5 15
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 0 5
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 10 0 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 700 370 330
Indo-Aryan languages 570 310 265
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 5 5
Gujarati 80 45 35
Hindi 45 20 25
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 175 145
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 0
Urdu 100 50 50
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 125 60 65
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 20 10 10
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 5
Persian languages 95 45 50
Dari 45 25 15
Iranian Persian 30 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25 10 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 785 380 400
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 190 90 100
Portuguese 155 75 80
Romanian 20 10 10
Spanish 415 205 215
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 15 10
Korean 70 35 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 10 20
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5
American Sign Language 15 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 45 40
Chinese languages 90 45 40
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 55 25 25
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 40 20 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5
Lao 5 5 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 45 15 25
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 45 15 25
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 25 15 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 25 15 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 980 470 515
English and French 45 15 25
English and non-official language(s) 900 440 460
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 25 10 20
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 43,620 21,515 22,110
None 38,905 19,180 19,725
English 1,360 685 675
French 245 125 125
Non-official language 2,620 1,275 1,340
Indigenous39 10 5 0
Non-Indigenous 2,615 1,275 1,335
English and French 20 15 5
English and non-official language(s) 175 90 90
French and non-official language(s) 65 35 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 225 115 110
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 43,465 21,450 22,015
Official languages 43,040 21,310 21,730
English 43,040 21,310 21,730
French 1,935 835 1,100
Non-official languages 9,725 4,945 4,775
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,720 4,945 4,775
Afro-Asiatic languages 930 485 445
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 925 485 435
Amharic 30 10 20
Arabic 550 290 260
Aramaic languages 495 280 215
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 385 220 165
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 40
Aramaic, n.o.s. 30 25 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 45 30 10
Maltese 25 15 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 360 180 190
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 35 25
Vietnamese 315 155 165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 330 145 190
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 0 10
Ilocano 15 10 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 325 140 185
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 105 55 55
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 15 0 15
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 55 25 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15
Dravidian languages 445 240 205
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 35 20 15
Tamil 415 225 185
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,955 3,570 3,385
Albanian 30 15 15
Armenian 70 35 35
Balto-Slavic languages 1,045 485 560
Baltic languages 30 10 20
Latvian 15 0 0
Lithuanian 15 0 10
Slavic languages 1,030 480 545
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 15 0 10
Czech 20 0 15
Macedonian 35 15 20
Polish 470 205 265
Russian 340 170 170
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 45
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 70 30 40
Serbian 25 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 0 15
Ukrainian 110 60 50
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 0 15
Irish 10 0 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 595 260 335
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 400 185 215
German 400 185 215
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 150 60 85
Afrikaans 20 0 20
Dutch 120 55 65
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10
Scandinavian languages 80 30 55
Danish 60 25 35
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 0 10
Swedish 20 0 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 160 85 75
Indo-Iranian languages 1,370 775 595
Indo-Aryan languages 1,090 620 470
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 110 55 55
Hindi 395 210 185
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 10 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 370 275
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 20 10
Urdu 315 190 130
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 330 190 140
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 55 30 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 50 25 25
Persian languages 260 150 115
Dari 185 100 85
Iranian Persian 75 50 30
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 3,815 1,965 1,845
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 1,660 885 770
Portuguese 940 480 460
Romanian 135 70 65
Spanish 1,280 635 650
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 40 10 30
Korean 115 60 60
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 240 125 115
Akan (Twi) 100 50 50
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 15 0 10
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 15 15 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 70 40 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 70 20 45
American Sign Language 55 20 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 250 110 135
Chinese languages 250 110 135
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 160 60 100
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 100 55 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 40 20 15
Lao 35 20 15
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 100 55 40
Azerbaijani 15 10 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 90 50 35
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 75 40 35
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 10 0
Hungarian 50 25 30
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 43,465 21,450 22,010
Indigenous identity45 730 320 410
Single Indigenous responses46 680 300 380
First Nations (North American Indian) 425 170 255
Métis 235 130 105
Inuk (Inuit) 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 20 0 20
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 25 10 15
Non-Indigenous identity 42,735 21,130 21,600
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 43,465 21,450 22,010
Registered or Treaty Indian49 215 105 110
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 43,245 21,345 21,900
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 15,850 ... ...
Owner 13,300 ... ...
Renter 2,555 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 15,850 ... ...
Condominium 2,335 ... ...
Not condominium 13,520 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 15,850 ... ...
No bedrooms 45 ... ...
1 bedroom 855 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,710 ... ...
3 bedrooms 7,010 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,240 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 15,850 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,190 ... ...
5 rooms 2,210 ... ...
6 rooms 2,950 ... ...
7 rooms 2,870 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,625 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.9 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 15,850 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 15,610 ... ...
More than one person per room 245 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 15,850 ... ...
Suitable 15,270 ... ...
Not suitable 585 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 15,850 ... ...
1960 or before 1,745 ... ...
1961 to 1980 3,340 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,855 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,120 ... ...
2001 to 2005 945 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,200 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,830 ... ...
2016 to 202157 2,830 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 15,850 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 15,265 ... ...
Major repairs needed 590 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 15,850 ... ...
One-maintainer household 6,455 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 8,575 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 825 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 15,850 ... ...
15 to 24 years 130 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,100 ... ...
35 to 44 years 3,070 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,960 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,175 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,290 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,575 ... ...
85 years and over 545 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 15,750 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 12,185 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,565 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 3,325 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 15,855 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 4,390 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,245 ... ...
Not suitable only 415 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 395 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 140 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 165 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 11,465 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 15,505 ... ...
In core need 1,795 ... ...
Not in core need 13,715 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 13,220 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 66.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 19.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 8.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,740 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,786 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 750,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 803,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 2,550 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 6.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 37.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 29.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,410 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,500 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 43,460 21,450 22,010
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 255 120 135
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 230 120 115
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 200 100 95
Métis single ancestry 35 15 15
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 20 0 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 20 0 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 895 360 540
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 890 360 530
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 630 225 405
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 240 130 110
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 42,310 20,970 21,340
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 43,460 21,450 22,015
Canadian citizens77 41,605 20,520 21,085
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,640 4,905 4,735
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 31,965 15,615 16,350
Not Canadian citizens78 1,850 930 925
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 43,460 21,450 22,015
Non-immigrants80 34,825 17,140 17,680
Immigrants81 8,400 4,160 4,245
Before 1980 2,495 1,255 1,245
1980 to 1990 1,270 620 645
1991 to 2000 1,570 745 820
2001 to 2010 1,710 855 860
2011 to 202182 1,350 680 670
2011 to 2015 725 355 365
2016 to 2021 625 320 305
Non-permanent residents83 240 150 90
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 8,400 4,160 4,245
Under 5 years 935 475 465
5 to 14 years 1,875 990 890
15 to 24 years 2,120 1,050 1,070
25 to 44 years 2,995 1,435 1,560
45 years and over 470 205 265
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 8,400 4,160 4,245
Americas 1,685 775 910
Brazil 60 30 30
Colombia 55 20 35
El Salvador 55 35 20
Guyana 175 75 100
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 430 165 270
Mexico 30 10 20
Peru 75 30 40
Trinidad and Tobago 110 60 55
United States of America 205 85 120
Other places of birth in Americas 495 265 225
Europe 3,500 1,730 1,765
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 0
Croatia 30 0 25
France 35 25 10
Germany 190 90 100
Greece 60 30 25
Hungary 25 10 15
Italy 555 280 275
Netherlands 80 40 35
Poland 310 130 175
Portugal 365 210 155
Romania 130 60 70
Russian Federation 120 60 60
Serbia86 20 20 0
Ukraine 95 40 50
United Kingdom87 1,105 540 565
Other places of birth in Europe 375 175 200
Africa 305 135 165
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 20 10 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 30 0 25
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 95 40 60
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 25 0 20
Other places of birth in Africa 125 70 50
Asia 2,895 1,510 1,390
Afghanistan 155 95 65
Iran88 85 55 30
Iraq 480 270 205
Lebanon 35 20 15
Syria89 85 45 40
Turkey 60 45 10
China90 95 40 55
Hong Kong91 40 15 25
Korea, South92 95 40 50
Taiwan 10 0 0
Philippines 285 130 160
Viet Nam 225 105 120
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 520 255 270
Pakistan 165 80 85
Sri Lanka 250 125 120
Other places of birth in Asia 310 170 145
Oceania and other places of birth93 15 10 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 625 320 310
Americas 115 55 60
Brazil 15 0 15
Colombia 10 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 10 10
Mexico 10 0 0
United States of America 20 10 15
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 30 20 15
Europe 105 65 40
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 20 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 60 20 35
Africa 20 10 10
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 0
Asia 385 195 195
Afghanistan 30 10 15
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 80 30 50
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 60 35 25
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 25 10 15
Philippines 50 20 30
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 10 10 0
Syria89 60 40 20
Turkey 10 10 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 10 0 10
Other places of birth in Asia 20 15 10
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 43,465 21,450 22,010
First generation100 8,945 4,450 4,495
Second generation101 11,075 5,580 5,495
Third generation or more102 23,440 11,410 12,025
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 5,905 2,905 3,000
Economic immigrants104 2,000 1,025 975
Principal applicants105 850 525 330
Secondary applicants106 1,150 505 650
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,250 965 1,280
Refugees108 1,490 820 665
Other immigrants109 165 95 75
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 5,905 2,905 3,000
Asylum claim before admission111 550 330 220
Work permits only before admission112 535 290 245
Study permits only before admission113 90 25 60
Work and study permits before admission114 190 75 125
Other permits before admission115 45 25 25
No pre-admission experience116 4,490 2,160 2,330
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 43,465 21,450 22,010
Total visible minority population118 7,865 3,985 3,880
South Asian 1,935 1,025 910
Chinese 265 115 145
Black 1,660 830 835
Filipino 450 180 265
Arab 595 325 270
Latin American 985 520 465
Southeast Asian 520 260 265
West Asian 495 260 235
Korean 165 85 85
Japanese 65 20 45
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 380 170 205
Multiple visible minorities 350 185 165
Not a visible minority120 35,595 17,465 18,130
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 43,460 21,450 22,015
Canadian 6,825 3,375 3,450
English 9,975 4,770 5,205
Irish 8,620 4,095 4,525
Scottish 7,355 3,515 3,840
French, n.o.s.122 2,260 1,075 1,185
German 3,295 1,595 1,700
Chinese 400 180 215
Italian 6,130 3,105 3,025
Indian (India) 1,000 520 485
Ukrainian 1,130 615 515
Dutch 1,680 780 900
Polish 1,650 805 840
Québécois 20 15 0
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,925 940 985
Filipino 435 170 265
French Canadian 495 200 290
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 610 325 285
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 315 95 220
Métis 305 150 150
European, n.o.s.126 550 270 280
Russian 470 270 200
Norwegian 155 70 85
Welsh 740 355 385
Portuguese 1,725 870 855
American 430 205 220
Spanish 435 210 225
Swedish 185 90 100
Hungarian 360 195 165
Acadian 150 60 90
Pakistani 215 120 100
African, n.o.s.127 280 140 140
Jewish 230 105 130
Punjabi 220 115 100
Vietnamese 345 170 175
Arab, n.o.s.128 50 20 30
Greek 380 185 200
Jamaican 650 315 330
Asian, n.o.s.129 135 75 65
Cree, n.o.s.130 25 20 0
Korean 170 85 85
Romanian 235 130 105
Lebanese 105 45 65
Iranian 80 35 45
Christian, n.i.e.131 270 105 165
Danish 180 80 105
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 225 105 125
Sikh 170 85 80
Austrian 275 120 160
Belgian 175 70 100
Haitian 25 15 10
Hindu 70 45 25
Mexican 100 55 45
Mennonite 10 0 0
Swiss 70 30 40
Finnish 120 75 50
Sri Lankan 255 130 125
Croatian 175 80 95
Japanese 125 55 70
South Asian, n.o.s.133 95 60 40
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 90 20 75
Northern European, n.o.s.135 115 60 55
Muslim 75 45 20
Egyptian 35 20 15
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 215 115 105
Tamil 260 145 120
Icelandic 80 20 60
Colombian 115 50 65
Moroccan 20 15 10
Czech 135 60 75
Syrian 175 90 80
Guyanese 315 145 170
Afghan 250 150 100
Black, n.o.s.137 165 75 90
Serbian 25 20 0
Ojibway 120 45 75
Newfoundlander 205 90 120
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 210 105 110
Persian 30 15 15
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 290 145 155
Turkish 120 85 40
Inuit, n.o.s.138 25 0 25
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 165 95 75
Nigerian 95 45 45
Armenian 60 30 30
Slovak 130 55 70
Eastern European, n.o.s.