Data visualization, 2021 Census

The 2021 Census of Population collects data for the total population of Canada. As the amount of data gathered increases, data visualizations have been introduced to help people, business owners, academics, and management at all levels, understand key information derived from the data. Data visualization can be used to quickly communicate a message, to simplify the presentation of large amounts of data, to see data patterns and relationships, and to monitor changes in variables over time.

Visit the 2021 Census of Population release schedule of topics and access the 2021 Census of Population products and services map: Data visualization to learn about the upcoming suite of data visualization.

2021 Census of Population data visualization

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2021 Census of Population data visualization
Release date
(yyyy-mm-dd) Four digits for the year, two digits for the month, two digits for the day
Product Product type

Title:How the Census counts Indigenous People in Urban Areas

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022059

Description: The infographic provides a high-level description of how the Census counts people, including Indigenous people, particularly those in urban areas. This includes efforts before and during data collection including communications and advertising, reminders, follow up calls and visits, and special outreach. It also outlines the practice of counting people based on usual place of residence on Census day. Finally, the infographic discusses studies that Statistics Canada undertakes to estimate undercoverage, that is, the net impact of some people being missed and others that are being counted more than once by the Census.


Title:Housing indicators, 2021 Census

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021004

Description: This interactive chart is comprised of two visualizations which show statistics of housing outcomes for selected population groups. The chart displays one of four housing indicators: affordability, core housing need, suitability and adequacy. The data table describes the population group's tenure status of household. Housing outcomes can be produced by making selections from the age, gender, characteristic, household type and geography dropdown menus.

Interactive chart

Title:Focus on Geography Series

Profile of a community or region: 98-404-X2021001

Description: Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2021 Census. These data highlights are presented through text, tables and figures. A map image of the geographic area is also included in the product. The geographic levels presented in this product include Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, census divisions and census subdivisions. Data highlights are presented according to the major 2021 Census release dates.

Profile of a community or region

Title:Census Program Data Viewer (CPDV)

Interactive dashboard: 98-507-X2021001

Description: The Census Program Data Viewer (CPDV) is an advanced web-based data visualization tool that will make statistical information more interpretable by presenting key indicators in a statistical dashboard. The CPDV makes it easy to find many places in Canada, see them on a map, and get basic geographic and sociodemographic data for those places. To find a specific place of interest, you can click and zoom in on a map of Canada or you can search by place name or postal code. The CPDV then displays the appropriate thematic map showing boundaries and other features. The CPDV will also enable users to easily compare indicator values for different places and help identify relationships between indicators.

Interactive dashboard

Title:Core housing need in Canada

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022056

Description: This infographic shows core housing need rates in Canada from the 2021 Census of Population.


Title:First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada

Infographic: 11-627M-2022057

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic shows population statistics for First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada.


Title:Mother tongue by geography, 2021 Census

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021003

Description: This interactive tree map shows the proportion of the population by mother tongue. You can search by one of two criteria: region or language.

Interactive chart

Title:Increasing diversity of languages, other than English or French, spoken at home

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022051

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic is about the languages spoken at home in Canada.


Title:More than one language in the bag: The rate of English–French bilingualism is increasing in Quebec and decreasing outside Quebec

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022052

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic is about English-French bilingualism in Canada.


Title:Income Explorer, 2021 Census

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021002

Description: This interactive chart is comprised of two visualizations showing statistics of selected income sources by various characteristics and geographies.

Interactive chart

Title:Thematic maps

Thematic map: 92-173-X

Description: A thematic map focuses on the spatial variability of a specific distribution or theme (such as population density or average annual income) for standard geographic areas, whereas a reference map focuses on the location and names of geographic features. Thematic maps normally include some location or reference information to help users familiarize themselves with the geographic area covered on the map.

Thematic map

Title:Income in Canada, 2020

Infographic: 11-627-M-X 2022040

Description: Based on the data from the 2021 Census, the following infographic looks at income in Canada for 2020, including median household income, the prevalence of low-income and income inequality.


Title:A portrait of Canada’s families in 2021

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022039

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic provides information on Canada’s families.


Title:Age Pyramids

Interactive chart: 98-504-X2021001

Description: Age pyramids are dynamic applications that allow users to see the evolution of the age structure of the Canadian population over a given time period and for selected geographies.

Interactive chart

Title:Ranking of the 10 most populated municipalities, 1901 to 2021

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021001

Description: The interactive ribbon chart is a data visualization product that shows the evolution of most populated municipalities over time. It depicts the top 10 municipalities (also called census subdivisions, or CSDs) ranked by population for each census year.

Interactive chart

Data visualization from previous censuses

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