Focus on Geography Series, 2021 Census of Population

Canada

Data quality

English only

+6.3%

The variation of English only speakers between 2016 and 2021 was +6.3% (or +1,504,130 people). Between 2001 and 2021, that variation was +26.2% or +5,247,010 people.

French only

-1.4%

The variation of French only speakers between 2016 and 2021 was -1.4% (or -56,795 people). Between 2001 and 2021, that variation was +3.6% or +141,365 people.

English and French

+5.9%

The variation of English and French bilingual people between 2016 and 2021 was +5.9% (or +365,615 people). Between 2001 and 2021, that variation was +25.8% or +1,350,105 people.

Number of languages known

Number of languages known, Canada, 2021 Footnote 1

Languages spoken at home

Languages spoken at home, Canada, 2021 Footnote 2

Non-official languages spoken at home by largest number of people (all mentions), Canada, 2021

Summary — English and French

Knowledge of offical languages, Canada, 2016 and 2021

Knowledge of offical languages, Canada, 2016 and 2021
2016 2021
Number of people % of population Number of people % of population
English only 23,757,525 68.3 25,261,655 69.0
French only 4,144,685 11.9 4,087,890 11.2
English and French 6,216,065 17.9 6,581,680 18.0
Neither English nor French 648,970 1.9 689,730 1.9

Mother tongue (single responses), Canada, 2016 and 2021

Mother tongue (single responses), Canada, 2016 and 2021
2016 2021
Number of people % of population Number of people % of population
English 19,460,850 56.0 20,107,200 54.9
French 7,166,705 20.6 7,189,245 19.6

Language spoken most often at home (all mentions), Canada, 2016 and 2021

Language spoken most often at home (all mentions), Canada, 2016 and 2021
2016 2021
Number of people % of population Number of people % of population
English 23,677,340 68.1 24,787,310 67.7
French 7,322,210 21.1 7,458,140 20.4

Number of people by first official language spoken, Canada, 2016 and 2021

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