Focus on Geography Series, 2021 Census of Population

Canada

Data quality

Median after-tax income of households

$73,000

In 2020, the median after-tax income of households in Canada was $73,000, a change of 9.8% from $66,500 in 2015Footnote 1.

Median after-tax income of households, Canada, 2005 to 2020

Distribution of households by household after-tax income, Canada, 2020

Number and median after-tax income of households, Canada, provinces and territories, 2015 and 2020

Number and median after-tax income of households, Canada, provinces and territories, 2015 and 2020
Geography Number of households Median after-tax income of households
2016 2021 % change 2015 2020 % change
Canada 14,072,080 14,978,945 6.4 66,500 73,000 9.8
Newfoundland and Labrador 218,670 223,255 2.1 64,000 63,200 -1.3
Prince Edward Island 59,475 64,570 8.6 58,000 64,000 10.3
Nova Scotia 401,990 428,225 6.5 57,600 62,400 8.3
New Brunswick 319,775 337,650 5.6 56,800 62,000 9.2
Quebec 3,531,660 3,749,035 6.2 56,400 63,200 12.1
Ontario 5,169,175 5,491,205 6.2 70,500 79,500 12.8
Manitoba 489,050 518,055 5.9 64,000 69,000 7.8
Saskatchewan 432,625 449,585 3.9 71,000 73,000 2.8
Alberta 1,527,680 1,633,220 6.9 87,000 83,000 -4.6
British Columbia 1,881,970 2,041,835 8.5 66,500 76,000 14.3
Yukon 15,215 17,185 12.9 80,000 88,000 10.0
Northwest Territories 14,980 15,205 1.5 108,000 109,000 0.9
Nunavut 9,820 9,925 1.1 93,000 104,000 11.8

Employment income and labour market related income and benefits in 2019 and 2020

Employment income

Nationally, the number of persons aged 15 and over with no or low employment income increased substantially in 2020 compared with before the pandemic in 2019. In Canada, 113,830 more people in 2020 than in 2019 had no employment income, while 415,580 more people had employment income between $1 and $19,999 and 716,390 fewer people had employment income between $20,000 and $59,999 in 2020 than in 2019.

Labour market related income

As for labour market related income, which comprises employment income, emergency and recovery benefits, and employment insurance (EI) benefits, there typically were far fewer null and low amounts. In Canada, 942,830 fewer people in 2020 than in 2019 had no labour market related income, while 842,845 fewer, 1,547,425 more and 252,860 more people had labour market related income between $1 and $14,999, between $15,000 and $59,999, and at or over $60,000, respectively, in 2020 than in 2019.

  • Distribution of employment income, Canada, 2019 and 2020

    Distribution of employment income, Canada, 2019 and 2020

  • Distribution of labour market related income, Canada, 2019 and 2020

    Distribution of labour market related income, Canada, 2019 and 2020

Pandemic-related income support benefits

68.4%

In 2020, the percentage of persons 15 years and older in Canada with income from any COVID-19 government income support and benefits was 68.4%,Footnote 2 while the percentage with income from earning replacement benefits was 31.2%.Footnote 3

Prevalence of and median income from COVID-19 income and support benefits and earning replacement benefits, Canada, its provinces and territories, 2020

Prevalence of and median income from COVID-19 income and support benefits and earning replacement benefits, Canada, its provinces and territories, 2020
Geography Percent with COVID-19 related benefits Median COVID-19 related benefits Percent with COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits Percent with earning replacement benefits Median earning replacement benefits
Canada 68.4 970 27.6 8,000 31.2 8,700
Newfoundland and Labrador 69.8 880 25.0 8,000 34.8 12,000
Prince Edward Island 69.3 860 24.8 7,500 34.2 10,600
Nova Scotia 69.5 850 24.7 8,000 29.7 10,000
New Brunswick 70.1 840 23.6 7,500 31.2 10,000
Quebec 71.2 900 28.5 7,000 33.1 8,000
Ontario 66.2 1,040 28.2 8,000 31.0 9,000
Manitoba 69.3 1,130 24.0 8,000 27.9 8,500
Saskatchewan 64.7 900 24.3 8,000 28.0 9,000
Alberta 62.3 1,080 29.0 8,000 32.4 10,000
British Columbia 74.5 910 26.4 8,000 29.2 9,000
Yukon 56.8 860 22.6 8,000 26.7 9,000
Northwest Territories 56.8 1,550 28.3 10,000 31.5 11,000
Nunavut 61.5 4,000 35.1 10,500 37.8 12,000

Percentage of persons with income from each COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefit, Canada, 2020

Prevalence of total income, employment income, labour market related income, and earning replacement benefits for the population aged 25 to 59, by gender, Canada, 2020 Footnote 4

Prevalence of total income, employment income, labour market related income, and earning replacement benefits for the population aged 25 to 59, by gender, Canada, 2020 Footnote 4
Total income Employment income Labour market related income Earning replacement benefits
Men+ Women+ Men+ Women+ Men+ Women+ Men+ Women+
Percent with income 98.7 98.3 88.5 83.9 92.3 88.0 36.7 38.1

Median total income, employment income, labour market related income, and earning replacement benefits for the population aged 25 to 59, by gender, Canada, 2020 Footnote 4

Median total income, employment income, labour market related income, and earning replacement benefits for the population aged 25 to 59, by gender, Canada, 2020 Footnote 4
Total income Employment income Labour market related income Earning replacement benefits
Men+ Women+ Men+ Women+ Men+ Women+ Men+ Women+
Median income 57,200 46,400 56,400 41,600 56,800 43,200 8,500 10,000
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