Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Industry (based on the North American Industry Classification System [NAICS] 2012)

Release date: May 3, 2017


'Industry' refers to a generally homogeneous group of economic producing units, primarily engaged in a specific set of activities. An activity is a particular method of combining goods and services inputs, labour and capital to produce one or more goods and/or services (products). In most cases, the activities that define an industry are homogeneous with respect to the production processes used.

Statistical unit(s)

Employed person
Labour force
Person 15 years or over


North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012

Reported in

2016 (25% sample)

Reported for

Population aged 15 years and over, in private households, who worked since January 1, 2015. The variable usually relates to the individual's job held during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016. However, if the person did not work during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 2015, the information relates to the job held the longest during that period.

Question number(s)

Coded variable: Questions 36 and 37


See the North American Industry Classification System [NAICS] 2012.


Data are available for:

(a) the employed person;

(b) the labour force - persons who were either employed or unemployed in the reference week. Unemployed persons who worked prior to January 1, 2015, or who never worked, are shown in the data under the category 'Class of worker - Not applicable';

(c) persons with recent work experience; they are those who have worked at some point in time between January 2015 and May 2016, regardless of whether or not they were in the labour force in the reference week.

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