Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Earner or employment income recipient

Release date: May 3, 2017 Updated on: September 13, 2017


Person with employment income during the reference period. Employment income can be in the form of wages, salaries and commissions or net self-employment income.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

Statistical unit(s)

Census family
Economic family
Private household


Not applicable

Reported in

2016 (100% data); 2011Note 1 (30% sample); 2006, 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986 and 1981 (20% sample). For availability prior to 1981, refer to Appendix 2.0.

Reported for

Population 15 years and over
Census families in private households
Economic families in private households
Private households

Question number(s)

Derived variable


Not applicable


See also employment income, wages, salaries and commissions and net self-employment income.

For additional information about data collection method, coverage, reference period, concepts, data quality and intercensal comparability of the income data, refer to the Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.


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