Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Adjusted total income

Release date: May 3, 2017 Updated on: September 13, 2017


'Adjusted total income' refers to total income of the statistical unit that is adjusted for economies of scale. The adjustment factor, also known as the equivalence scale, is the square root of the number of persons in the statistical unit. The adjusted total income is calculated by dividing the total income by this adjustment factor. The adjustment made to income addresses the fact that individuals living together can share resources and the marginal increase in need decreases as the number of individuals sharing resources increases.

Statistical unit(s)

Private household
Economic family


Not applicable

Reported in

2016 (100% data); 2011Note 1 (30% sample).

Reported for

Private households
Economic families and persons not in economic families in private households

Question number(s)

Derived variable


Not applicable


For details on the components of total income, see 'Remarks' under total income.

Adjusted total incomes of households are used to determine the thresholds for Low-income measure, before tax (LIM-BT).

A similar variable existed for economic families and persons not in economic families in the 2006 Census. In that version, income was adjusted using an equivalence scale that was based on economic family composition.

For additional information about the data collection method, coverage, reference period, concepts, data quality and intercensal comparability of the income data, refer to the Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.


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