About the 2021 Census

Statistics Canada conducts a census every five years. The census paints a portrait of Canada's population and the places where we live. Participation in the census is mandatory.

The next Census of Population and Census of Agriculture will be conducted in May 2021.

Why is the census important?

Information from the census will be used by governments, businesses, associations, Indigenous leadership, community organizations and many others to make important decisions for your community, your province or territory, and the entire country.

The information you provide will help ensure that the 2021 Census accurately reflects Canada's changing society. Your responses will ensure that your community has the data it needs for planning schools, daycare, housing, hospitals, emergency services, roads, public transportation and employment skills training.

Who is included in the census?

The Census of Population enumerates the entire Canadian population, which consists of Canadian citizens (by birth and by naturalization), landed immigrants and non-permanent residents and their families living with them in Canada. Non-permanent residents are people who hold a work or student permit, or who have claimed refugee status (e.g., asylum seekers).

The census also counts Canadian citizens and landed immigrants who are temporarily outside the country on Census Day. This includes federal and provincial government employees working outside Canada, Canadian embassy staff posted to other countries, members of the Canadian Forces stationed abroad and all Canadian crew members of merchant vessels, as well as their families.

The online 2021 Census

Starting on May 3, 2021, you can complete your census questionnaire online. It is an easy, secure and convenient option that can be used anywhere, anytime. No pre-registration or lengthy download processes are required.

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